Патент USA US3057129код для вставки
Oct. 9, 1962 3,057,116 A. SZOCHET METHOD OF PLANTING TREES Filed Nov. '7, 1960 / 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 .1 _ BY INVENTOR. #3)?! A a m <$06A a 7L' Oct. 9, 1962 A. SZOCHET 3,057,116 METHOD OF PLANTING TREES Filed Nov. 7, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR, BY lab/£42m 5701/67! United States Patent O?ice 1 3,057,116 METHQD ()F PLANTING TREES Abraham Szochet, Kfar Shmaryahu, Israel Filed Nov. 7, 1960, Ser. No. 67,689 2 Claims. (CI. 47-58) t. The present invention relates to a method of planting 3,057,116 Patented Oct. 9, 1962 2 side the pipe 3. Advantageously pipe 3 is located as near as possible to one side of the pit and the tree, as far as the spreading roots will permit, to the opposite side of the pit. Now the mixture 2 is properly packed around the trunk of the tree, just above its roots and is tamped down. The tree is set in the mixture 2 to such a depth that its trunk is almost wholly in the pit and its spreading trees and propagating the growth thereof. More par branches are above ground. In a ?nal step (see FIGURE ticularly the invention relates to the planting of trees in 4) clean, infertile sand 5 is placed on top of the mixture dunes and other waste, sandy location. The invention 10 2, the top of the sand layer being flush with the sandy ground around the pit. deals especially with trees which are supplied by nurseries and transplanted at the age of two or three years, i.e. in The tree is now almost Wholly embedded with its trunk the state of young trees and not as small seedlings. How in the sand 5 and only its branches are above ground. The layer of sand safeguards the layer 2 against loss of ever, the invention does not exclude the application of the new method to seedlings as well. It is well known that 15 moisture; where there is rain the sand 5 quickly permits dunes and certain other locations have a top layer of the water to percolate through the layer 2, the sand itself clean, infertile sand but at a depth which varies between 5 and 15 feet good soil is present. Now it is of course practically impossible to clear away the sand and to lay drying quickly. For irrigating a grove or plantation planted in accord ance with the new method, water is ?lled into the pipe 3 out plantations in the soil in an orthodox manner. Thus 20 beside each tree, this water will slowly percolate down land which has been covered by dunes is practically use and reach the roots without loss. The trunk will not be less and considerable expense has to be spent—in many moistened, there will be no mud and the plantation will cases-in order to plant certain hardy plants and shrubs, be ready for walking therein or passing therethrough with just to keep the dunes from shifting and encroaching on a wheeled vehicle. It should be understood however that land under cultivation. 25 the pipe 13 willrbe needed only where the plants require It is the object of the present invention to provide a .watering. Plants which do not require irrigation but method for planting trees in dunes and for keeping the plants growing. thrive under natural conditions (rain and dew), such as vines, do not require the pipe 3. It is another object of the invention to provide means for an easy extensive and ef?cient irrigation of the trees in the pipes 3, or rain will penetrate into the layer 2 and As a consequence of the new arrangement, water ?lled where required. sink down through the latter, the roots, naturally will It is a further object of the invention to provide means which permit a more e?icient irrigation, thus saving follow and in course of time, instead of spreading, as they water. ordinarily do will grow practically vertically downwards until they reach the good soil beneath the top layer of The invention will become clear from the following 35 sand. description which has reference to the annexed drawing. The layer 2 thus serves for keeping the tree alive and In the drawing, FIGURE 1 shows a pit prepared in the furthering its growth until the roots get down to good top layer of sand for planting a tree therein, FIGURE 2 soil and can draw nourishment and moisture from there. shows the same pit equipped with a device used for irri This eventual state is illustrated schematically by FIG URES 5 and 6. gating the particular tree, FIGURE 3 shows a tree plant ed in the pit and FIGURE 4 shows the pit ?lled up. In FIGURE 5 two irrigated treees, say, part of a grove FIGURE 5 illustrates two trees as they would appear a few years after planting. FIGURE 6 shows a tree which needs no irrigation or which can be irrigated by means of sprinklers. In proceeding in accordance with the invention a pit 1 is dug in the sand to a depth of approximately 6 feet (2 metres), however this depth may be varied and will depend largely on soil conditions, kind of the tree to be are shown with their roots already down to the layer of soil 6 while FIGURE 6 shoWs a tree which can rely on rain and needs no arti?cial irrigation or is irrigated by 45 means of sprinklers from above. In both cases the draw ing shows schematically the tendency of the roots to grow deep down, almost vertically, and in both cases the trunk is safeguarded against moisture and thus against rot. planted and the experience of the grower in connection 50 In FIGURE 5 the two treees are shown in a part of with particular soil and species of trees. This pit 1 is dunes which is seen in section. The broken line indicates now ?lled up to slightly less than half its depth, say up the pit originally dug for planting the tree, the peat-soil to 3 feet (90 cm.) with a mixture in which the tree is layer appears as a body in the surrounding sand. The to be planted. This mixture may be half peat and half roots are seen to have grown through the sand between soil, or between one and two thirds of peat and the rest 55 layer 2 and the soil below the dune. The sandy layer sand. Under certain circumstances no peat will be re below the layer 2 may be of greater thickness as shown quired, say Where soil is available which suits a particu in FIGURES 5 and 6. lar kind of fruit bearing tree. The proportion of the It is a special advantage of the new arrangement that mixture of soil, peat, sand etc. may be varied and-in a the water is most effectively used, being directed to the known way—fertilizer, manure, compost and the like ad 60 very location of the roots, thus no water is wasted and on ditives may be added. Into the pit 1 is now placed an the whole a considerable economy in Water is attained. ordinary concrete pipe of a diameter of approximately 1 Further, with the new arrangement, automatic devices ft. (30 cm), this pipe being marked in FIGURES 2 to 4 may be used, so cg. ?oats may be arranged in the pipes with numeral 3. The pipe is open at both ends and ex 3, stopping the ?ow of water at a predetermined moment. tends with its lower end into the mixture 2. Now a young 65 What I claim is: tree 4 (see FIGURE 3) is planted in the mixture 2 be 1. A method of planting trees in dunes and like local 3,057,116 3 4 OTHER REFERENCES ities comprising the steps or" preparing a pit, ?lling it par tially with a growth promoting mixture, positioning in “Home Gardening Encyclopedia” (Brett), published by the pit—near to its Wall—a pipe open at both ends and extending with one end into the said growth promoting mixture and with its other end out of the pit, planting a tree in the said growth promoting mixture and covering Chemical Pub. Co. (N.Y.), 1940. Pages 345 and 346 relied on. the growth promoting layer with infertile sand, enclosing relied on. the trunk of the tree in the sand. 2. The method claimed in claim 1, wherein the tree is lished in New York Times (Newspaper), Sunday, May Taylor’s Encyclopedia of Gardening, third edition, pub lished by Houghton Mi?iin (Boston), 1956. Page 975 McCardell: “Suhsoil Watering Spurs Tomatoes,” pub set with its roots in the growth promoting layer, its trunk 10 17, 1959, sec. 2, p. 24x. extending in the pit and its branches being positioned above the ground. References Cited in the ?le of this patent FOREIGN PATENTS 142,953 Great Britain ________ __ May 20, 1920' Hellriegel: “The Experiment Station at Bernburg, Ger many, and its Methods of Sand Culture,” published 1894 by US. Department of Agriculture in Experiment Station Record, vol. 5, No. 8. Entire article is pages 749 through 15 774, but only pages 762 through 767 relied on.