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Патент USA US3057129

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Oct. 9, 1962
Filed Nov. '7, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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Oct. 9, 1962
Filed Nov. 7, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
lab/£42m 5701/67!
United States Patent O?ice
Abraham Szochet, Kfar Shmaryahu, Israel
Filed Nov. 7, 1960, Ser. No. 67,689
2 Claims. (CI. 47-58)
The present invention relates to a method of planting
Patented Oct. 9, 1962
side the pipe 3. Advantageously pipe 3 is located as near
as possible to one side of the pit and the tree, as far as
the spreading roots will permit, to the opposite side of
the pit. Now the mixture 2 is properly packed around
the trunk of the tree, just above its roots and is tamped
down. The tree is set in the mixture 2 to such a depth
that its trunk is almost wholly in the pit and its spreading
trees and propagating the growth thereof. More par
branches are above ground. In a ?nal step (see FIGURE
ticularly the invention relates to the planting of trees in
4) clean, infertile sand 5 is placed on top of the mixture
dunes and other waste, sandy location. The invention 10 2, the top of the sand layer being flush with the sandy
ground around the pit.
deals especially with trees which are supplied by nurseries
and transplanted at the age of two or three years, i.e. in
The tree is now almost Wholly embedded with its trunk
the state of young trees and not as small seedlings. How
in the sand 5 and only its branches are above ground.
The layer of sand safeguards the layer 2 against loss of
ever, the invention does not exclude the application of the
new method to seedlings as well. It is well known that 15 moisture; where there is rain the sand 5 quickly permits
dunes and certain other locations have a top layer of
the water to percolate through the layer 2, the sand itself
clean, infertile sand but at a depth which varies between
5 and 15 feet good soil is present. Now it is of course
practically impossible to clear away the sand and to lay
drying quickly.
For irrigating a grove or plantation planted in accord
ance with the new method, water is ?lled into the pipe 3
out plantations in the soil in an orthodox manner. Thus 20 beside each tree, this water will slowly percolate down
land which has been covered by dunes is practically use
and reach the roots without loss. The trunk will not be
less and considerable expense has to be spent—in many
moistened, there will be no mud and the plantation will
cases-in order to plant certain hardy plants and shrubs,
be ready for walking therein or passing therethrough with
just to keep the dunes from shifting and encroaching on
a wheeled vehicle. It should be understood however that
land under cultivation.
25 the pipe 13 willrbe needed only where the plants require
It is the object of the present invention to provide a
.watering. Plants which do not require irrigation but
method for planting trees in dunes and for keeping the
plants growing.
thrive under natural conditions (rain and dew), such as
vines, do not require the pipe 3.
It is another object of the invention to provide means
for an easy extensive and ef?cient irrigation of the trees
in the pipes 3, or rain will penetrate into the layer 2 and
As a consequence of the new arrangement, water ?lled
where required.
sink down through the latter, the roots, naturally will
It is a further object of the invention to provide means
which permit a more e?icient irrigation, thus saving
follow and in course of time, instead of spreading, as they
ordinarily do will grow practically vertically downwards
until they reach the good soil beneath the top layer of
The invention will become clear from the following 35 sand.
description which has reference to the annexed drawing.
The layer 2 thus serves for keeping the tree alive and
In the drawing, FIGURE 1 shows a pit prepared in the
furthering its growth until the roots get down to good
top layer of sand for planting a tree therein, FIGURE 2
soil and can draw nourishment and moisture from there.
shows the same pit equipped with a device used for irri
This eventual state is illustrated schematically by FIG
URES 5 and 6.
gating the particular tree, FIGURE 3 shows a tree plant
ed in the pit and FIGURE 4 shows the pit ?lled up.
In FIGURE 5 two irrigated treees, say, part of a grove
FIGURE 5 illustrates two trees as they would appear a
few years after planting. FIGURE 6 shows a tree which
needs no irrigation or which can be irrigated by means
of sprinklers.
In proceeding in accordance with the invention a pit
1 is dug in the sand to a depth of approximately 6 feet
(2 metres), however this depth may be varied and will
depend largely on soil conditions, kind of the tree to be
are shown with their roots already down to the layer of
soil 6 while FIGURE 6 shoWs a tree which can rely on
rain and needs no arti?cial irrigation or is irrigated by
45 means of sprinklers from above. In both cases the draw
ing shows schematically the tendency of the roots to
grow deep down, almost vertically, and in both cases the
trunk is safeguarded against moisture and thus against
planted and the experience of the grower in connection 50 In FIGURE 5 the two treees are shown in a part of
with particular soil and species of trees. This pit 1 is
dunes which is seen in section. The broken line indicates
now ?lled up to slightly less than half its depth, say up
the pit originally dug for planting the tree, the peat-soil
to 3 feet (90 cm.) with a mixture in which the tree is
layer appears as a body in the surrounding sand. The
to be planted. This mixture may be half peat and half
roots are seen to have grown through the sand between
soil, or between one and two thirds of peat and the rest 55 layer 2 and the soil below the dune. The sandy layer
sand. Under certain circumstances no peat will be re
below the layer 2 may be of greater thickness as shown
quired, say Where soil is available which suits a particu
in FIGURES 5 and 6.
lar kind of fruit bearing tree. The proportion of the
It is a special advantage of the new arrangement that
mixture of soil, peat, sand etc. may be varied and-in a
the water is most effectively used, being directed to the
known way—fertilizer, manure, compost and the like ad 60 very location of the roots, thus no water is wasted and on
ditives may be added. Into the pit 1 is now placed an
the whole a considerable economy in Water is attained.
ordinary concrete pipe of a diameter of approximately 1
Further, with the new arrangement, automatic devices
ft. (30 cm), this pipe being marked in FIGURES 2 to 4
may be used, so cg. ?oats may be arranged in the pipes
with numeral 3. The pipe is open at both ends and ex
3, stopping the ?ow of water at a predetermined moment.
tends with its lower end into the mixture 2. Now a young 65
What I claim is:
tree 4 (see FIGURE 3) is planted in the mixture 2 be
1. A method of planting trees in dunes and like local
ities comprising the steps or" preparing a pit, ?lling it par
tially with a growth promoting mixture, positioning in
“Home Gardening Encyclopedia” (Brett), published by
the pit—near to its Wall—a pipe open at both ends and
extending with one end into the said growth promoting
mixture and with its other end out of the pit, planting a
tree in the said growth promoting mixture and covering
Chemical Pub. Co. (N.Y.), 1940. Pages 345 and 346
relied on.
the growth promoting layer with infertile sand, enclosing
relied on.
the trunk of the tree in the sand.
2. The method claimed in claim 1, wherein the tree is
lished in New York Times (Newspaper), Sunday, May
Taylor’s Encyclopedia of Gardening, third edition, pub
lished by Houghton Mi?iin (Boston), 1956. Page 975
McCardell: “Suhsoil Watering Spurs Tomatoes,” pub
set with its roots in the growth promoting layer, its trunk 10 17, 1959, sec. 2, p. 24x.
extending in the pit and its branches being positioned
above the ground.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
Great Britain ________ __ May 20, 1920'
Hellriegel: “The Experiment Station at Bernburg, Ger
many, and its Methods of Sand Culture,” published 1894
by US. Department of Agriculture in Experiment Station
Record, vol. 5, No. 8. Entire article is pages 749 through
15 774, but only pages 762 through 767 relied on.
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