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Патент USA US3057522

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Oct. 9, 1962
o. P. NUFFER
3,057,520
RECEPTACLE WITH CLOSURE HAVING A RETRACTABLE SPOUT
Filed June 25, 1959
INVENTOR.
United States Patent O??ce
1
3,057,520
Patented Oct. 9, 1962
2
it has no tendency to separate from the container or to
3,057,520
leak upon deformation during the pumping operation.
Turning now to the drawings, the additive receptacle
Orville P. Nuifer, Evansville, Ind., assignor, by mesne
assignments, to Don Baxter, Inc., Glendale, Calif., a
corporation of Nevada
Filed June 25, 1959, Ser. No. 822,814
6 Claims. (Cl. 222—209)
includes a container 10 to which a resilient or deformable
RECEPTACLE WITH CLOSURE HAVING A,
RETRACTABLE SPOUT
pumping closure 11 is secured by a retaining ring 12. The
closure is provided with a connector device 13 which may
be inserted through the stopper of a bulk parenteral liquid
container. A cap 14 covers the end of connector 13.
Details of the construction are best seen in FIGURES
This invention relates to a receptacle and more particu 10 2 and 3.
Container 11) is provided with an opening 16
larly to an improved container and closure for additive
surrounded by a lip surface 17. Pumping closure 11 has
materials intended for mixing with bulk parenteral solu
a generally cylindrical skirt portion 18 which is received
tions or the like.
within the opening 16 of container 10, and extends below
Parenteral solutions introduced intravenously into the
an outwardly projecting ?ange 19 seated on lip surface
body are widely used in treating various conditions, par 15 17. Extending upwardly from ?ange 19 is a dome-shaped
ticularly where it is desired to get a medicament into
pumping portion 20 which terminates in a connector sleeve
the bloodstream of the patient with a minimum delay,
21. The end 24 of connector 13 is received within sleeve
or for feeding patients who are unable to receive sub
21 with manually engageable ?ange 25 seated against the
stance orally.
A wide variety of solutions are commer
end thereof.
cially available but it often happens that a particular
The opposite end 26 of connector 13 is
sharpened for insertion through the stopper of the paren
teral solution container. Cap 14, which is received on
the pointed end portion 26 of connector 13, is seated
against a shoulder 27 formed in the wall thereof.
situation requires a solution not normally available in
commercial form but which can be prepared by adding a
material to a commercial solution, or a mixture which is
unstable and must be prepared immediately before ad!
The lip surface 17 of the container 10 is formed with
ministration. Barton application Serial No. 474,475, ?led 25 two offset horizontal or radial portions 17a and 17b sep
December 10, 1954, discloses and claims an apparatus
or pumping device for transferring additive materials from
arated by a generally vertical or circumferential surface
30. Flange 19 has a depending portion 31 which mates
or interlocks with surface 30 of the container lip. Re?
tainer ring 12 engages the upper surface of ?ange 19 and
an additive container to a parenteralsolution container.
This invention is concerned with improvements over the
apparatus disclosed in the Barton application.
One feature of the invention is the provision of a con
tainer with a deformable or pumping closure retained
thereon and having a surface on the closure interlocked
30
with a complementary surface on one of the container and
is formed or rolled around the undersurface 33 of a rib
32 which projects outwardly from the container wall below
tip 17. The retainer ring holds the closure 11 securely
in place and keeps ?ange 19 interlocked tightly with sur
face 17 of the container.
closure retaining means, restraining the deformable clos 35
When the pumping closure 11 is deformed, as illus
ure against separation from the container upon deforma
trated in FIGURE 3, during the pumping operation,
tion thereof.
stresses are set up in the closure wall which have a ten
Another feature is that the closure has a ?ange which
dency to lift the outer edge of ?ange 19 and to pull
seats on the open mouth of the container and the mouth
it inwardly away from the container lip surface 17 and
and ?ange are provided with interlocking surfaces.
retaining ring 12. If this should occur, the mixing opera
A further feature is the provision of such a receptacle
tion is interrupted and the contents of the additive con
including a container, a closure including means for con
nection with a parenteral solution container and a retainer
tainer and the parenteral solution bottle may become con
taminated. However, the interlock relationship between
ring securing the closure to the additive container and
container 10 and closure 11 by virtue of the mating con
having a weakened, tear-away portion. This permits re 45 tainer lip surface 17 and 30, and ?ange 19 with depending
moval of the additive material container closure so the
portion 31, insure that this will not occur.
Retaining ring 12 is preferably provided with score
marks 35, 36 and 37. The portion 12a of the ring be
contents may be transferred to a parenteral container from
which the cover is removed, as contrasted with the type
of container illustrated in the aforementioned Barton ap
tween closely spaced score marks 35 and 36 may be torn
away and the ring bent about score mark 37, removing it
plication having a permanently ?xed stopper through
from the container and permitting removal of closure 11.
With this arrangement the contents of container 10 may
which a connector device is inserted.
Further features and advantages of the invention will
readily be apparent from the following speci?cation and
from the drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is an elevation of a receptacle embodying
the invention;
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged fragmentary section taken
generally along line 2——2 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a view similar to FIG. 2 with the cap
removed and the pumping portion of the closure deformed;
and
FIGURE 4 is a section taken generally along line 4-4
of FIGURE 1.
'
be added to a parenteral solution container which has a
55
removable stopper, merely by pouring the additive mate
rial into the open parenteral container.
While I have shown and described certain embodiments
of my invention, it is to be understood that it is capable
of many modi?cations. Changes, therefore, in the con
struction and arrangement may be made without depart
ing from the spirit and scope of the invention as disclosed
in the appended claims.
I claim:
1. A receptacle, comprising: a container having an
opening and a lip surrounding said opening, said lip hav
Parenteral solutions are often administered under emer
gency conditions, as in the course of an operation or 65 ing a pair of generally parallel annular off-set surfaces
at the scene of an accident or the like. Accordingly, it
connected by a generally vertical annular surface; a de
is extremely desirable that equipment used in preparing
the solutions and in administering them to the patient
formable pumping closure for said opening having a cylin
drical portion adapted to ?t down into and along the sides
he completely foolproof. A particular feature of the
of said opening, said cylindrical portion having an integral
to the body of the container and the retaining ring that
spaced below the point at which said pumping closure is
construction disclosed herein is that the resilient or de 70 annular closure ?ange extending radially outward spaced
above the bottom edge of said cylindrical portion and
formable closure for the additive container is so locked
3,057,520
4
u
deformable, said closure ?ange being seated on the con
tainer lip and having a depending rib along its outer edge
deformable, said closure ?ange being seated on said lip
and having a depending rib along its outer edge providing
an inwardly facing annular surface for engaging said lip
vertical surface; a rib projecting outwardly from the con
tainer wall below the lip; and a retaining ring about said
?ange and said rib, said ring having an annular portion
interlocked with the undersurface of said rib and having
an inwardly extending annular ?ange overlying only said
lip and closure ?ange, said ring ?ange providing downward
providing an inwardly facing annular surface engaging the
circumferential surface of the lip; a rib projecting out
wardly from the container wall below the lip; and a re
taining ring about said ?ange and rib, said ring having an
annular portion interlocked with the undersurface of said
rib and having an inwardly extending annular ?ange over
lying the closure ?ange, said ring ?ange providing down
pressure on the upper surface of said closure flange there
ward pressure on the upper surface of the closure ?ange
by to interlock said closure ?ange with the lip and prevent
its separation from the container upon deformation of the
pumping closure.
thereby to interlock said closure ?ange with the lip and
prevent its separation from the container upon deforma
tion of the pumping closure.
2. A receptacle comprising: a container with an open
ing; a closure for said opening, said closure having a cy
5. A receptacle comprising: a container with an open
15
ing and a lip surrounding said opening, said lip having
generally parallel, annular, offset surfaces connected by a
lindrical portion ?tting into the container opening, a de
generally vertical, annular surface; a rib on the outer con
formable portion axially spaced from the container open~
tainer surface; a deformable closure for said opening;
ing, and an integral, annular ?ange extending radially out
means retaining said closure on said container, said means
ward between the cylindrical portion and the deformable
having a surface interlocked with the undersurface of said
portion, said ?ange being seated on a radial surface of said
rib; a circumferential surface on said closure comple
container surrounding the opening; a portion of said
mentary to and interlocked with the vertical container lip
radial container surface being axially offset from another
surface; and a surface on said retaining means holding
portion thereof and separated by a circumferential surface
said circumferential closure surface in interlocked rela
to provide an annular groove spaced outwardly from the
container opening; an annular, depending closure ?ange 25 tion with the vertical container lip surface during de
formation of the closure.
portion ?tting into the container groove and interlocking
6. A receptacle comprising: a container with an open
with the circumferential surface; and retaining means
ing; a ?rst radial lip surface surrounding said opening; a
‘holding said depending ?ange portion in said groove and
second radial lip surface offset downwardly from said
restraining the closure against separation from the con
30 ?rst surface; a circumferential lip surface connecting the
tainer upon deformation of the closure.
two radial surfaces; a closure for said opening, said clos
3. A receptacle comprising: a container with an open
ure having an axially deformable portion; a radial ?ange
ing and a lip surrounding said opening, said lip having
on said closure; offset bottom surfaces on said ?ange
two annular, radial, surface portions separated by an
seated on the radial container lip surfaces; a circumferen
annular, generally circumferential surface generally at
right angles to the radial surface portions; a rib project 35 tial surface on said ?ange between the offset bottom sur
faces, said circumferential surface being interlocked with
ing from the container wall below the lip and having an
the circumferential lip surface; and retaining means hold
undersurface; a deformable pumping closure closing the
ing the interlocking closure and lip surfaces together and
container opening; means retaining said closure on said
restraining the closure against separation from the con
container, said means having a portion interlocked with the
rib undersurface and having an inwardly extending ?ange 40 tainer upon deformation of the closure.
overlying the container lip and terminating at the opening
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
of said container; a portion on said pumping closure
received within the opening of the container; and a ?ange
UNITED STATES PATENTS
on said pumping closure lying between the container lip
2,094,600
Hothersall ____________ __ Oct. 5, 1937
and the retaining means ?ange and having a depending
surface interlocked with the generally circumferential lip
surface, restraining the pumping closure against separation
from the container upon deformation of the closure.
4. A receptacle comprising: a container having an open
ing and a lip surrounding said opening, said lip having a 50
pair of generally parallel, annular, offset surfaces con
nected by a generally circumferential annular surface; a
deformable pumping closure for said opening having an
integral, annular ?ange extending radially outward and 55
spaced below the point at which said pumping closure is
2,188,191
2,565,699
2,584,397
2,698,113
2,723,060
2,742,202
2,815,894
2,855,131
2,895,654
Roos ________________ __ Jan. 23,
Rieke ______________ __ Aug. 28,
Pitman ______________ __ Feb. 5,
Linton ______________ __ Dec. 28,
Rieke ________________ __ Nov. 8,
Dresden et a1. ________ __ Apr. 17,
Henchert ____________ __ Dec. 10,
Gewecke et al. ———————— —_ Oct. 7,
1940
1951
1952
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
Rieke ________________ __ July 21, 1959
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