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Патент USA US3058137

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Oct. 16, 1962
GABRIELE HASSOLD
NEE ENDRAS
.
3,058,127
INFLATABLE LIFE-SAVING DINGHIES
Filed Feb. 3. 1959
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
Fl6.l
INVENTOR.
Oct. 16, 1962
GABRIELE HASSOLD
3,058,12 7
NEE ENDRAS
INFLATABLE'LIFE-SAVING DINGHIES
Filed Feb. 3, 1959
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
.
INVENTOR.
\
W HWQZA
m
W
BY
ll“
5 22
S
Oct‘ 16’ 1962
GABRIELE HASSOLD
3,058,127
NEE ENDRAS
INFLATABLELIFE-SAVINGDINGHIES
Filed Feb. 3. 1959
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
FIGS
'
BY
INVENTOR. 1
WM
United States Patent @??ce
3,058,127
Patented Oct. 16, 1962
1
2
3,058,127
out separate securing means, and both hood sections
have a wide overlap when the hood is closed (see FIG
INFLATABLE LIFE-SAVING DINGHIES
Gabriele Hassold, née Endras, Augsburg-Goggingcn,
Germany, assignor to Ballonfabrik Augsburg, vorm.
A. Ricdinger, Augsburg, Germany, a ?rm
ures 1 and 2).
This new design has the advantage that the occupant
of the dinghy can be comfortable in the latter, i.e. both
in a recumbent and a sitting position, without coming in
Filed Feb. 3, 1959, Ser. No. 790,834
to contact ‘with the tensioned hood. The handling of the
Claims priority, application Germany Feb. 4, 1958
two-part hood is moreover very much simpli?ed because
9 Claims. (Cl. 9-41)
of the new design, since it is only necessary for tensioning
The invention relates to an in?atable life-saving dinghy 10 the hood sections‘ to pull these over the arcuate hood
for one or two occupants.
The invention has for its
object to provide an in?atable dinghy with a hood which
support 3, whereby the said sections are then automatical~
ly held in their position, and cannot ‘be displaced by the
does not come into contact with the person lying or sit
force of the wind or the like.
Due to this new design,
ting in the boat and which on the other hand is auto
it is also possible for the hood to be completely closed
matically, i.e. without separate ?xing means, held in its 15 or only half closed, so that in the latter case (see FIG
position in a completely or semi-closed condition.
URE 6) the occupant of the boat can conveniently keep
According to the present invention, there is provided
a look-out. In order to permit visibility when the hood is
an in?atable arcuate hood support which is arranged at
completely closed, a window 8 is provided laterally on
the head end and which is disposed transversely of the
one or both hood sections.
longitudinal axis of the dinghy and also a hood which is 20
Two in?atable booms 11 are also provided on both
divided longitudinally of the dinghy and secured to the
sides of the dinghy wall 1 at the head end, the hood sup
outside of the in?ated dinghy wall and over its entire
port 3 opening into said booms. The arcuate support 3
circumference, the two hood sections being of equal size
thereof does not start from the wall 1 of the dinghy but
and of such dimensions that each hood section can be
rather from the two booms 11, this making possible a
pulled from the side with tension over the in?ated hood
wider are 3 with greater stability. Due to this construc
support until beyond the apex thereof, so that each hood
tion, this hood support 3 is so wide that the hood sec
section is automatically held and both hood sections have
tions are also tensioned su?‘iciently far apart for the
a wide overlap when the hood is closed.
shoulders of the occupant not to touch the hood, where
Further details of this novel in?atable dinghy and the
by he has su?icient freedom of movement inside the
advantages thereof are more fully explained hereinafter 30 dinghy.
by the reference to the drawing, which shows one con
As will be seen from the drawings, especially FIGURE
structional example and in which:
2, the height H of the hood support 3 is not substantially
FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of an in?atable dinghy
greater than half its width B. With these ‘dimensions,
for one person, with the hood stretched and closed;
the two hood sections 4a and ‘4b can without di?iculty
FIGURE 2. is the corresponding front elevation seen 35 be pulled over the apex 7 of the hood support, the hood
in the direction of A of FIGURE 1;
sections being reliably held in position by the resilient
FIGURE 3 is a bottom plan view of the dinghy;
tension of the hood support. With the hood support
FIGURE 4 is a cross-section on the line IV—IV of
having the dimensions as indicated above, it is also pos
FIGURE 3;
sible for the hood sections 4a and 4b to be only partially
FIGURE 5 is a plan view of the in?atable dinghy ac 40 raised, i.e. not as far as the apex 7, in which case there are
cording to FIGURE 1 with the hood open; and
also held in this position on the hood support.
FIGURE 6 is a perspective view of the in?atable dinghy
As will also be seen from the drawing, more especially
with the hood half closed.
FIGURES l and 5, the apex 7 of the arcuate hood sup
The drawing shows an in?atable life-saving dinghy
port 3 is displaced in the horizontal plane of projection
which is designed for one person and which consists es 45 (FIGURE 5) towards the rear end of the dinghy in rela-‘
sentially of the in?atable wall 1 and the ?oor or bottom
tion to its base line b, so that therefore the hood support
which is formed of smaller in?atable panels 2. Accord
is somewhat bent, as shown in FIGURE 5, and is in
ing to the invention this in?atable dinghy comprises an
clined rearwardly, as shown in FIGURE 1. This in
in?atable arcuate hood support 3 which is arranged at
creases the elasticity of the hood support and the tension
the head end of the dinghy and disposed transversely of 50 of the hood is improved. Furthermore, this ‘arrangement
the longitudinal axis thereof, and also a hood which is
of the hood support with a rearward inclination has the
divided longitudinally of the dinghy, the two hood sec
advantage that the back or head of the occupant cannot
tions 4a and ‘4b being of equal size and being ?xed to
come into contact with the rear portion of the hood.
the outside of the dinghy wall over the entire circum
Finally, it is also to be seen from the drawing, more
ference thereof. When the hood is open, as shown in 55 especially FIGURE 5, that the arcuate hood support 3
FIGURE 5, these two hood sections 4a and 4b are rolled
is reduced in cross-section towards the apex 7. For ex
up or furled and holding means, preferably loops 5 and
ample, with a dinghy for a single person, the diameter D
toggles 6, are provided on the wall of the dinghy for
of the hood support can be about 18 cm. on the base
holding these rolled hood sections. After releasing these
line, while the diameter a’ at the apex can then amount to
holding means, each hood section can be pulled from the 60 only about 12 cm.
side over the in?ated hood support 3, it being possible at
The two boom-s 11 give the dinghy a greater lateral
will only to pull one hood section 4a according to FIG
stability; Safety against capsizing is further increased
URE 6 over the hood support, or even the other hood
by water bags 12, which are ?xed to the underside of
section ‘4b, so that a half-closed hood is formed, or both
these two booms. Such a water ‘bag 13 is also arranged
hood sections can be pulled over the hood support, as 65 at the foot end of the dinghy. These bags are formed
shown in FIGURES 1 and 2, so that then the hood is
in known manner with holes 14 which permit penetration
completely closed. As illustrated in the drawing, the
of water and thus ?lling of the bags. For in?ating the
two hood sections are so designed and of such dimensions
that these can be drawn with tension over the in?ated
boat, a carbon dioxide bottle or the like is provided, as
indicated at 15. Filling valves indicated at 16 serve for
hood support 3 and in fact beyond the apex point 7, so 70 rein?ating the boat.
that each hood section (see FIGURE 6 and FIGURE 2)
The particular advantages of the novel in?atable dinghy
is held automatically in its tensioned position, i.e. with
can be seen from the drawing. By means of the new
3,058,127
3
4
construction, the occupant of the boat is effectively pro
the outer periphery of said body so as to encircle the
same completely, said hood sections being movable from
tected from seawater, cold and sun.
a folded position ‘folded along the periphery of said body
to an erected position by pulling the inner edge portions
In order to increase the safety of the in?atable dinghy
in the event of one section thereof ‘being damaged, two
of said sections over and beyond the apex of said arcuate
hood support and said hood sections being dimensioned
to be tensioned when pulled over said arcuate hood sup
chamber, while the in?atable bottom 2, the booms 1'1 and
port so as to be tightly applied against said arcuate hood
the hood support 3 are interconnected and form a second
support to be securely held in the erected position by the
air chamber.
A skylight '10 consisting of a plastic foil can also be 10 tension imparted thereto.
separate air chambers are provided. It is advantageous
for the wall 1 of the dinghy to form an independent air
4. An in?atable life-saving dinghy comprising, in com
provided in one half 4:: of the hood, and the said sky
light can be covered according to FIGURES 1 and 2 by
the hood section 4b pulled thereover.
The invention is not limited to the constructional ex
ample which is illustrated. The life-saving dinghy can
also be made in a corresponding larger form for two
occupants. Since in this case the in?atable hood support
is given a greater supporting width, this hood support can
if necessary be additionally supported in the middle ‘by a
strut member which can also 'be in?ated.
bination, an in?atable body having a tubular peripheral
portion; a pair of in?atable extensions located at one
end of said body, projecting respectively to opposite sides
of said peripheral portion thereof, having substantially
the same height as said peripheral portion and being lo
cated substantially at the same level as said portion, said
inflatable extensions forming together with said in?atable
body, when said extensions and said body are in?ated, a
20 substantially rigid structure; an in?atable arcuate hood
support arranged transversely to said body adjacent said
What I claim is:
1. An in?atable life-saving dinghy comprising, in com
bination, an in?atable body; an in?atable arcuate hood
end thereof and having an apex at a higher level than
one end thereof and having a pair of arcuate portions
projecting upwardly from said extensions; a water bag se
cured to the under side of each of said in?atable exten~
sions and an additional water bag secured to the under
said body; and a pair of ?exible hood sections having in
ner edge portions extending in longitudinal direction of
side of said in?atable body in the center region of the
other end thereof; and a pair of ?exible hood sections
support arranged transversely said body adjacent one
said body and outer edge portions ?xedly secured along
having inner edge portions extending in longitudinal di
the whole length thereof to the outer periphery of said
rection of said body and outer edge portions ?xedly se
cured along the whole length thereof to the outer periph~
body so as to encircle the same completely, said hood sec
cry of said body so as to encircle the same completely,
tions being movable from a folded position folded along
the periphery of said body to an erected position by pull
ing the inner edge portions of said sections over and be
yond the apex of said arcuate hood support and said hood
sections being dimensioned to be tensioned ‘when pulled
said hood sections being movable from a folded position
folded along the periphery of said body to an erected
position by pulling the inner edge portions of said sec
tions over and beyond the apex of said arcuate hood sup—
port and said hood sections being dimensioned to be ten
sioned when pulled over said arcuate hood support so
as to be tightly applied against said arcuate hood sup
over said arcuate hood support so as to be tightly applied
against said arcuate hood support to be securely held
in the erected position by the tension imparted thereto.
2. An in?atable life-saving dinghy comprising, in com
port to be securely held in the erected position by the
bination, an in?atable ‘body; an in?atable arcuate hood 40 tension imparted thereto.
_ 5. An in?atable life-saving dinghy comprising, in com
support arranged transversely said body adjacent one end
bination, an in?atable body having a tubular peripheral
thereof and having an apex at a higher level than said
portion; an in?atable arcuate hood support arranged trans~
body; and a pair of ?exible hood sections having inner
edge portions extending in longitudinal direction of said
body and outer edge portions ?xedly secured along the
whole length thereof to the outer periphery of said body
and the combined lengths of said outer edge portions
being greater than the periphery of said body so that the
ends of said outer edge portions will overlap each other,
versely said body adjacent one end thereof and having
as
l
an apex at a higher level than said body; a pair of in
?atable extensions located at said one end of said ‘body,
projecting respectively to opposite sides of said peripheral
portion thereof, having substantially the same height as
said peripheral portion and being located substantially
said hood sections being movable from a folded position 50 at the same level as said portion, said in?atable arcuate
folded along the periphery of said body to an erected posi
tion by pulling the inner edge portions of said sections
hood support communicating at the lower ends thereof
with said in?atable extensions, respectively; and a pair
of ?exible hood sections having inner edge portions ex
tending in longitudinal direction of said body and outer
over and beyond the apex of said arcuate hood support
and said hood sections being dimensioned to be tensioned
when pulled over said arcuate hood support so as to be 55 edge portions ?xedly secured along the whole length there
of to the outer periphery of said body so as to encircle
tightly applied against said arcuate hood support to be
the same completely, said hood sections being movable
securely held in the erected position by the tension im
from a folded position folded along the periphery of said
parted thereto.
body to an erected position by pulling the inner edge
'3. An in?atable life-saving dinghy comprising, in com
bination, an in?atable body having a tubular peripheral 60 portions of said sections over and beyond the apex of
portion; a pair of in?atable extensions located at one end
said arcuate hood support and said hood sections being
of said body, projecting respectively to opposite sides of
dimensioned to ‘be tensioned when pulled over said are
uate hood support so as to be securely held in the erected
said peripheral portion thereof, having substantially the
position by the tension imparted thereto.
same height as said peripheral portion and being located
6. An in?atable life-saving dinghy comprising, in com
substantially at the same level as said portion, said in?ata 65
bination, an in?atable body; an in?atable arcuate hood
ble extensions forming together with said in?atable body,
when said extensions and said body are in?ated, a sub
stantially rigid structure; an in?atable arcuate hood sup
port arranged transversely to said body adjacent said one
end thereof and having a pair of arcuate portions project
ing upwardly from said extensions; and a pair of ?exible
hood sections having inner edge portions extending in
longitudinal direction of said body and outer edge por
tions ?xedly secured along the whole length thereof to 75
support arranged transversely said body adjacent one end
thereof and having an apex at a higher level than said
body, said hood support having a height slightly greater
than half of its widths and having in the apex region there
of a smaller radius of curvature than at the side portions
thereof; and a pair of ?exible hood sections having inner
edge portions extending in longitudinal direction of said
body and outer edge portions ?xedly secured along the
whole length thereof to the outer periphery of said body
3,058,127
6
9. An in?atable life-saving dinghy comprising, in com~
so as to encircle the same completely, said hood sec
tions being movable from a folded position folded along
the periphery of said body to an erected position by pull
ing the inner edge portions of said sections over and be
yond the apex of said arcuate hood support and said
bination, an in?atable body having an inflatable tubular
peripheral wall portion forming a ?rst air chamber ‘and an
in?atable bottom portion forming a second air chamber
separated from the ?rst air chamber; an in?atable arc
hood sections being dimensioned to be tensioned when
uate hood support arranged transversely said body ad
pulled over said arcuate hood support so as to be tightly
jacent one end thereof and having an apex at a higher
applied against said arcuate hood support to be securely
held in the erected position by the tension imparted there
level than said body; a pair of in?atable extensions lo
cated at said one end of said body, projecting respectively
to.
10
7. An in?atable life-saving dinghy comprising, in com
to opposite sides of said peripheral portion thereof, hav
ing substantially the same height as said peripheral por
bination, an in?atable body; an in?atable arcuate hood
tion and being located substantially at the same level as
said portion, said in?atable arcuate hood support com
thereof and having an apex at a higher level than said
municating at the lower ends thereof With said in?atable
body, said arcuate hood support having a tubular cross 15 extensions, respectively, said in?atable extensions com
section tapering toward the apex thereof; and a pair of
municating with said second air chamber; and a pair of
?exible hood sections having inner edge portions ex
?exible hood sections having inner edge portions extend
support arranged transversely said body adjacent one end
tending in longitudinal direction of said body and outer
edge portions ?xedly secured along the whole length there
ing in longitudinal direction of said body and outer edge
portions ?xedly secured along the whole length thereof
of to the outer periphery of said body so as to encircle 20 to the outer periphery of said body so as to encircle the
the same completely, said hood sections being movable
from a folded position folded along the periphery of said
body to an erected position by pulling the inner edge
portions of said sections over and beyond the apex of
said arcuate hood support and said hood sections being 25
same completely, said hood sections being movable ‘from
a folded position ‘folded along the periphery of said body
to an erected position by pulling the inner edge portions
of said sections over and beyond the apex of said arcuate
dimensioned to be tensioned ‘when pulled over said arc
uate hood support so as to be securely held in the erected
hood support and said hood sections being dimensioned to
be tensioned when pulled over said arcuate hood support
so as to be securely held in the erected position by the
position by the tension imparted thereto.
tension imparted thereto.
8. An in?atable life-saving dinghy comprising, in com
bination, an in?atable body; an in?atable arcuate hood 30
support arranged transversely said body adjacent one end
thereof and having an apex at a higher level than said
body, the apex portion of said hood support being spaced
further from the other end of said body than the bottom
portions thereof; and a pair of flexible hood sections 35
having inner edge portions extending in longitudinal di—
rection of said body and outer edge portions ?xedly se
cured along the Whole length thereof to the outer periph
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,396,212
Grimston ____________ __ June 17, 1952
2,757,629
Wiltse ______________ __ Aug. 7, 1956
2,889,839
2,908,919
2,955,606
Sheridan ____________ __ June 9, 1959
Bicknell ____________ .._ Oct. 20, 1959
Walker ____________ __ Oct. 11, 1960
FOREIGN PATENTS
ery of said body so as to encircle the same completely,
said hood sections being movable from a folded position 40
folded along the periphery of said body to an erected posi
tion by pulling the inner edge portions of said sections
over and beyond the apex of said arcuate hood support
and said hood sections being dimensioned to be tensioned
when pulled over said arcuate hood support so as to be 45
tightly applied against said arcuate hood support to be
securely held in the erected position by the tension ind
parted thereto.
Spanel ______________ __ Mar. 5, 1946
2,600,757
698,149
Great Britain __________ __ Oct. 7, 1953
740,709
820,412
527,063
Great Britain ________ __ Nov. 16, 1955
Great Britain ________ __ Sept. 23, 1959
Canada ______________ __ July 3, 1956
793,984
797,711
Great Britain ________ __ Apr. 23, 1958
Great Britain ________ __ July 9, 1958
OTHER REFERENCES
The Motor Ship, December 1955, p. 104a,
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