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Патент USA US3058490

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Oct. 16, 1962
3,058,480
R. L. BLANCHARD
COLLAPSIBLE TENT CONSTRUCTION
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed June 9, 1958.
t'yj
IENTOR.
Robe/"2‘ 1}. B/a/m/mrd
Mari/7, Zidoy, Dar/"615 J Marci
ATTORNEYS
Oct- 16, 1962
R. L. BLANCHARD
3,058,480
COLLAPSIBLE TENT CONSTRUCTION
Filed June 9, 1958
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
_
INVENTOR.
Kobe/'1‘ L. B/anc?ard
ATTORNEYS
3,@5%8,48@
United States Patent O l
1
3,658,480
COLLAPSELE TENT CONSTRUCTION
Robert L. Blanchard, 163 W. 58th St., New York 19,
Filed June 9, 1958, Ser. No. 740,809
5 Claims. (til. 135-1)
This invention relates to relatively small tent construc
tions such as are used for camping and other‘ outdoor
activities, and more particularly to tent structures which
are intended to be dismantled and collapsed into compact
bundles or assemblages adapted to be ?tted into small
packages.
One object of the present invention is to provide a
novel and improved tent construction of the type which
may be completely dismantled, wherein the frame struc
ture is characterized by being made up of a relatively
large number of small, identical modular units adapted to
coact and inter?t with one another in a simple manner
so as to constitute an advantageous framework for a tent
body assemblage.
Patented Oct. 16, 1962
2
FIG. 4 is a vertical sectional view through the tent
construction, taken on the line 4-4 of FIG. .1.
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary front elevational view of the
improved tent construction.
FIG. 6 is a perspective, exploded view of the frame
structure of the tent construction.
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary perspective view of the fore
most upper portion of the tent, showing the methodlof
attaching the tent body to the frame structure.
‘
The tent construction of the present invention is of
the type having a suspended tent cover assemblage, and
is streamlined and characterized by being not only stake
less and poleless, but also ropeless.
Referring ?rst to H68. 1 and 2, the present tent con
struction as illustrated therein is seen to be constituted
of a rigid, external frame structure indicated generally
by the numeral 10, and a tent covering structure or as
semblage indicated by the numeral 11, the latter being
adapted to be slung or suspended from the frame struc
ture 16.
The tent cover assemblage 11 is formed of
usual tent material such as .a tight-woven fabric, canvas
or the like, and comprises a main body portion having
Another object of the invention is to provide an im
proved tent construction having a frame structure .as
expansive fabric side panels 13 and 14 connected to
above characterized, which structure may be most easily
gether along their top edges by an intermediate top panel
and quickly set up and as readily dismantled, all with a
15 of generally rectangular con?guration.
25
minimum of knowledge or thought on the part of the
The lower edges of the expansive side panels 13 and
user.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a
novel and advantageous tent frame structure in accord
ance with the above, which is at all times sturdy and
reliable, and able to withstand rough handling and appre
ciable stresses without the likelihood of failure.
A feature of the invention resides in the provision of
a novel, modular-type tent frame structure wherein the
modular units may be quickly and economically fabri
cated by well-known machine operations and techniques,
at relatively low cost.
Another feature of the invention resides in the pro
vision of an improved tent frame structure employing
modular units, wherein a standardized inter?tting connec
14 are joined to a rectangular fabric ?oor panel 17 which,
at its rear edge 18 is joined to an upstanding rear panel
20 having generally the form of a regular trapezoid.
The con?guration of the rear panel 20 is clearly shown
in FIG. 4 for example.
In its upper portion, the rear panel 20‘ has a tapered
flap 21 provided with zippers 22 by which it may be
readily separated along its side edges from the rear panel
for the purpose of providing a screened-window or venti
lation opening.
In accordance with the invention, a protective cover
or hood is provided for the rear ventilation opening,
having the form of a tapered or pointed rear projection
or hood on the fabric tent body, said projection being
tion is employed which is so constituted as to insure easy, 40
indicated in F168. 1 and 2 by the numeral 24. The
quick ?ts at all times, even under adverse conditions of
projecting hood 24 may have four triangular sides, i.e.,
weather and temperature.
a top side or panel 25, two sloping side panels 26, and a
A further object of the invention is to provide an im
bottom panel 27, FIG. 1.
proved tent cover assemblage characterized by a unique
The tent cover assemblage 11 is also provided with a
protected or hooded ventilating window which prevents 45 shielded or protected front opening or entrance-exit,
or minimizes the ingress of rain.
which is also constituted to have a pointed or tapered
Another feature of the invention resides in the pro
formation. This entrance and exit portion of the tent
vision of a simple and unique tent frame construction
cover assemblage is designated generally by the character
constituted of inter-?tting modular parts or units, where
30, and comprises a pair of triangular side panels 31
50
in the tent covering portion of the construction when
joined together along their juxtaposed central edges by a
suspended by the frame structure functions to keep the
zipper fastener 32, see FIG. 5. The entrance-exit por
latter completely assembled, preventing inadvertent sepa
tion 30 further comprises narrow, elongate triangular
ration of any of the modular units which make up the
panels 33 joined to the upper edges of the side panels 31
flame.
and a triangular top panel 35 joined to the proximal
A still further object of the invention is to provide an 55 edges of the panels 33. As clearly shown in FIGS. 1
improved tent construction as above characterized, where
and 2, the panels 31, 33 .and 35 are joined to the side
in both the frame structure and the tent covering assem
panels 13 and 14 and the top panel 15 of the main por
blage may be easily and very quickly set up and assem
tion of the tent cover assemblage.
bled to each other, and also dismantled.
By the present invention there is provided a unique and
60
Other features and advantages will hereinafter appear.
advantageous frame structure adapted to support the tent
In the drawings accompanying this speci?cation, simi
cover construction described above. The said frame
lar characters of reference are used to designate corre
structure is of the type which may be completely dis
sponding parts throughout the several views, in which:
mantled and packed into a small space, and is constituted
FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of an improved I 65 of a plurality of relatively small modular units each of
tent construction made in accordance with the invention.
which is identical to the others, in conjunction with a pair
PEG. 2 is a top plan view of the tent construction
of transverse connector units of special construction, and
a pair of special adapter units cooperable with the con
shown in FIG. 1.
nector and modular units, all to the end that there is
FIG. 3 is a view partly in side elevation and partly in
axial section, of one of a multiplicity of identical modu 70 effected a simple, easily erected and dismantled yet
strong and sturdy frame structure which is especially ad
lar units employed in making up the frame structure of
vantageous in supporting the cover assemblage above de
the tent construction of FIGS. 1 and 2.
8,058,480
3
4
scribed. All of the modular units are characterized by
and 51 ‘located rspectively at the rear and front of the
frame structure. The rear extension 50 is constituted of
a single modular unit 38, whereas the front frame exten
sion ‘51 is constituted of a pair of modular units 38. Also,
the transverse connector units 46 have additional pairs
of through-openings 54 to accommodate the rod portions
40 of the upper-most modular units of the four legs of
the frame structure.
male and female connector means at their respective ends,
which are stardardized so that any one connector means
will accommodate another connector means of the op
posite kind.
The present improved frame structure is illustrated in the
exploded perspective view of FIG. ‘6, and comprises es
sentially a plurality of the identical modular units desig
nated generally by the character 38. One such unit 38
As with the modular units 38, the through-openings in
is shown in FIG. 3 by itself, said unit constituting an 10 the connector units 46 are sufficiently large to loosely slide
elongate piece of tubular stock 39 having ?tted to one
ably receive the rods 40‘ whereby the assemblage of these
end a short length of solid rod 40. Both the tubular mem
various components may be quickly and easily effected,
ber 39 and the solid member or rod 40‘ are constituted of
as well as the disassembly of such components.
The
standard stock sizes of material, preferably metal. For
completely assembled frame structure as provided by the
example, the tubular member 39 may be advantageously 15 invention is clearly shown in FIGS. 1 and 2.
formed of aluminum or similar tubing, and the rod-like
For the purpose of accommodating the lower extrem
member 40 may be constituted of aluminum alloy or of
stiff and tough steel or metal having similar properties.
In each modular unit 38 the rod 40 has a maximum outside
diameter which is slightly smaller than the inside diam
eter of the open end of the tubular member 39, and by
such construction the projecting portion of the rod 40
may be easily, slideably ?ted into any of the open ends
or sockets of other modular units 38.
Referring further to FIG. 3, the rod member 40 of the
modular unit 38 is securely, rigidly fastened to one end
of the tubular member 39 in the position shown, and this
may be accomplished in any suitable manner.
For ex
ample, the enveloping end of the tubular member 39 may
be staked 0r punched as indicated at 141, or may be re
duced in diameter to cause it to securely grip and hold
the inserted portion of the rod 40, or the rod 40 may
be swaged or knurled to increase its diameter where it
is disposed in the tubular member 39, and cement, solder
or welding techniques may be employed together or by
themselves to fasten the rod-like member 40 in the tu
bular member 39.
Referring now to FIG. 6, it is seen that the frame
structure 10 has a pair of front legs constituted each of
three of the modular units 38, and a pair of rear legs
each constituted of two of the modular units 38. As in
dicated, the said modular units 38 making up the legs are
connected to each other by inserting a rod portion 40 of
one unit into the open end of a tubular portion 39 of an
other unit. It is understood that any of the rod portions
may loosely slideably lit in any of the open end portions
of other modular units, thereby making for quick assembly
and disassembly of the frame structure.
As shown, all of the four legs of the frame structure
ities of the legs of the frame structure, the tent cover
assemblage at the lower four corners thereof is provided
with tubular boots or receptacles 56 which may be of
rawhide or the like, into which such extremities may be
readily slid. The tips of the pointed projections 24 and
38 of the tent cover assemblage are provided with hook~
shaped ?ttings 53 adapted to hook into the open ends
of the tubular members 39 of the modular units constitut
25 ing the front and rear frame projections 50 and 51, as
clearly shown in FIGS. 1 and 7. Also, the tent cover
assemblage has hook-like ?ttings 66 at its front and rear
corners, by which it may be hooked or fastened to the
four legs of the frame structure between the lower and
30 upper extremities thereof.
Further, in accordance with the invention, I provide a
novel hanger or fastening means by which the upper rec
tangular portion of the tent cover assemblage may be
easily and quickly attached to and suspended from the
35 upper rectangular portion of the frame structure. This
hanger means comprises a pair of elongate, ?exible and
stretchable fastening members 62, which are in the nature
of elastic straps, said members at their extremities being
anchored to the four upper corner portions of the tent
cover construction at the points indicated by the numerals
63 in FIG. 1. The elastic straps 62 extend along the
elongate side members of the upper rectangular portion
of the frame structure, and are passed around the ends
of the connector units 46, inside of the protruding rod
portions 40 of the composite side members. This is
clearly shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. It will be seen that by
stretching the elastic straps 62 these may be quickly
applied to or removed from the upper portion of the
frame structure.
extend outward and downward from an upper, rectangular 50
Preferably the adapter pieces 42 have knotted thongs
portion of the structure, so as to be divergent. This
or strings 65 passing through them, said strings being
upper, rectangular portion of the frame structure is con
permanently attached to the upper rear corners of the
stituted of two composite side members each of which con
tent cover assemblage, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, for
sists of a pair of the modular units 38, and in addition
the purpose of holding the adapters captive and prevent
a single short adapter unit 42. The adapter units 42 55 ing their loss.
are constituted each of a short section of tubular stock 43,
It will now be understood from the foregoing that
and a longer rod-like portion or member 44 which is
the tent cover assemblage as thus provided securely holds
passed through the tubular member 43 so that the two
in assembled relation all of the separable joints of the tent
ends of the member ‘44 project beyond the ends of the
frame structure, and that before such tent frame structure
tubular member in a manner similar to that of the rod 60 may be dismantled the tent cover assemblage must first
portions 40 of the modular units 38. The rectangular
upper portion of the frame structure further comprises
a pair of transverse connector units 46 formed of lengths
of heavy tubular metal stock having a diameter appreci
ably larger than that of the tubular portionns 39 of the 65
modular units 38.
The connector units 46 have trans
be removed therefrom. This is of considerable advantage
in that it prevents accidental or inadverent collapse of
the frame structure and of the tent under adverse condi
tions of use. However, whenever it is desired to dismana
tle the tent, this may be quickly and easily accomplished
by ?rst stretching and removing the elastic strips 62, and
verse through openings or sockets 47 for accommodating
then separating the rest of the tent cover assemblage from
the rods or pins of the long, side composite members of
the frame structure, whereupon the latter quickly and
the upper portion of the frame. At the rear of the tent,
easily comes apart. The entire tent construction when
such pins would be the rods 44 of the adapted units 42, 70 dismantled may be packed into a very small unit occupy
whereas at the front of the frame the pins would be
ing but little space. Yet, when the tent construction is
constituted of the rods 40 of the foremost modular units
assembled it will provide an appreciable space, and con
38.
stitutes an advantageous and practical shelter Wherever
At their centers, the connector members 46 also have
this may be desired, for outdoor activities.
through openings 49 to accommodate frame extensions 50 75 Variations and modi?cations may be made within the
3,058,480
5
nector member and in sockets provided in said pair of
sides, and two rigid frame extensions extending in oppo
site directions from the upper frame portion, each such
extension being constituted of a plurality of telescoping
scope of the claims, and portions of the improvements
may be used without others.
I claim:
1. The combination of a tent frame structure having
modular units assembled as a single cantilever support,
an upper polygonal frame portion provided with pairs of
and each extension having an axially projecting pin at one
oppositely disposed spaced projections; a tent cover as
end, said pins being received in the said center sockets of
semblage having a main body portion constituted of a
the
connector members.
plurality of flexible panels, and having a ?exible top panel
4. A tent frame structure adapted to be readily set up
constituting a roof of said main body portion; and a pair
for use or dismantled for carrying and storage, said struc
of ?exible, elongate, stretchable fastening members at 10 ture being constituted in large part of small individual
their ends attached to the upper part of the main body
and separate, identical telescoping modular units and com
portion at the said top panel, said elastic members being
prising in combination an upper frame portion and a plu
stretched and passed around the upper frame portion of
the frame structure from below the same and extending
alongside the top of the frame structure and the projec
rality of legs depending from said upper frame portion,
15 each of the legs having a plurality of said identical units
tions thereof for the purpose of suspending the cover as
semblage from the frame structure.
2. A tent frame structure adapted to be readily set up
for use or dismantled for carrying and storage, said struc
telescoped one with another and extending one beyond
another, the uppermost units of the legs having project
ing pins, said upper frame portion having one pair of op
posite sides constituted each of a plurality of said iden
units, each of said sides having a projecting pin at
ture being constituted in large part of small individual 20 tical
one end; and a pair of elongate connector members con
and separate, identical telescoping modular units and com
stituting remaining sides of said upper frame portion, said
prising in combination an upper frame portion and a plug
connector members having sockets receiving the project
rality of legs depending from said upper frame portion,
ing pins of the legs, and having a center socket and other
each of the legs having a plurality of said identical units
telescoped one with another and extending one beyond 25 sockets, said projecting pins of the one pair of opposite
sides of the upper frame portion being received in said
another, the uppermost units of the legs having projecting
other sockets of one connector member; and adapter mem
pins, said upper frame portion having one pair of oppo
bers each having a pair of oppositely projecting pins, said
site sides constituted each of a plurality of said identical
adapter members joining the other connector member to
units, each of said sides having a projecting pin at one
said pair of opposite sides, the pins of said adapter mem
end; and a pair of elongate connector members constitut
bers being received in said other sockets of the other con
ing remaining sides of said upper frame portion, said con
nector member and in sockets provided in said pair of
nector members having sockets receiving the projecting
sides, and elastic fastening means formed to overlie the
pins of the legs, and having a center socket and other
frame portion of the frame structure and depend
sockets, said projecting pins of the one pair of opposite 35 upper
from the upper frame portion outwardly thereof for se
sides of the upper frame portion being received in said
curing a tent body assemblage to the frame structure by
other sockets of one connector member; and adapter mem
resilient
suspension.
bers each having a pair of oppositely projecting pins, said
5. 'In a tent frame structure adapted to be readily set
adapter members joining the other connector member to
up for use or dismantled for carrying and storage, said
said pair of opposite sides, the pins of said adapter mem 40 frame structure being constituted in large part of small in
bers being received in said other sockets of the other con
dividual and separate, identical telescoping modular units
nector member and in sockets provided in said pair of
and comprising an upper frame portion and a plurality of
sides, and a rigid extension on the frame structure, con
legs depending from said upper frame portion, said upper
stituted of a plurality of said identical modular units as
frame portion having opposite sides held in spaced-apart
sembled as a single cantilever support, said extension hav 45 relation by a pair of elongate connector members secured
ing an axially projecting pin at one end, said pin being re
ceived in said center socket of one of said connector mem
thereto and constituting remaining sides of said upper
frame portion, the combination of two elongate, elastic
and stretchable fastening members formed each to extend
bers.
3. A tent frame structure adapted to be readily set up
across the upper frame portion of the frame structure at
for use or dismantled for carrying and storage, said struc 50
one side thereof and overhand outside the upper frame
ture being constituted in large part of small individual
portion for securing a tent body assemblage to the frame
and separate, identical telescoping modular units and com
structure by resilient suspension, and means for holding
prising in combination an upper frame portion and a plu
said fastening members in place on said upper frame por
rality of legs depending from said upper frame portion,
each of the legs having a plurality of said identical units 55 tion.
telescoped one with another and extending one beyond
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
another, the uppermost units of the legs having project
ing pins, said upper frame portion having one pair of
opposite sides constituted each of a plurality of said iden
tical units, each of said sides having a projecting pin at
357,329
McKoon ______________ __ Feb. 8, 1887
1,456,918
Dudley _____________ __ May 29, 1923
one end; and a pair of elongate connector members con
1,531,622
Parsons _____________ __ Mar. 31, 1925
stituting remaining sides of said upper frame portion, said
connector members having sockets receiving the project
2,282,433
2,391,871
2,646,057
2,898,923
Solderquist ___________ __ May 12,
Benson _______________ __. Jan. 1,
Blanchard ____________ __ July 21,
Smiley ______________ __ Aug. 11,
ing pins of the legs, and having a center socket and other
sockets, said projecting pins of the one pair of opposite 65
sides of the upper frame portion being received in said
other sockets of one connector member; and adapter mem
bers each having a pair of oppositely projecting pins, said
1942
1946
1953
1959
OTHER REFERENCES
Obradovic: Yugoslavia publication “Inventions,” Fed
eral Patent O?ice (page 139, item 33), published Sept.
said pair of opposite sides, the pins of said adapter mem 70 30, 1957.
adapter members joining the other connector member to
bers being received in said other sockets of the other con
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