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Патент USA US3058608

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Oct. 16, 1962
J. A. BARBELLA
3,058,598
CLOTHES LINE ATTACHMENTS
Filed March 15, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet l
32
'
In:
INVENTOR
JOHN A.
BARBELLA
BY
ATTORNEY
Oct. 16, 1962
J. A. BARBELLA
3,058,598
CLOTHES LINE ATTACHMENTS
Filed March 15, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
\
6O
INVENTOR.
JOHN A.
BARBELLA
ATTORNEY
set
Patented Oct. 16, 1952
1
2
3,058,598
portion 22, and a downwardly sloping lower arm 23. At
CLOTHES LINE ATTACHNIENT§
John A. Barbella, 402 Ave. N, Brooklyn 30, N.Y.
Filed Mar. 15, 1961, Ser. No. 106,993
7 Claims. (Cl. 211—119.07)
This invention relates to clothes line attachments which
their extremities the arms 21 and ‘23 are provided with
aligned vertical pin-like extremities 24 and 25, respec
tively. The entire bracket 20 may be formed of a bar
circular in cross-section, but in any event at least the ex
tremities or pins 24 and 25 are circular in cross-section.
These pins register rotatably in aligned holes through the
permit a person to hang clothes out on a wash line as
well as to remove the same, from a position entirely with
webs l7 and 19, shown at 26.
A pin 27 projects outward from the intermediate
in the room on the inside of the window, thus avoiding 10 bracket portion 22 and has a pulley 28 rotatable there
the need to stretch out of the window with its consequent
on. On the pin portion 24 of the upper ‘arm 21, two ver
inconvenience and even danger.
tically spaced horizontal pulleys 29, 30 are rotatably
In the past numerous devices have been disclosed whose
mounted in close proximity to each other, being main
aim and purpose were substantially the same as is set
tained in position by any suitable means.
forth in the preceding paragraph. Such devices, how 15
A clothes line is shown at 33, consisting of the usual
ever, have been generally cumbersome and relatively com
endless length of rope or the like having the outer end
plicated and therefore lacked practicability.
of the loop trained over a pulley, on a pole or the like,
It is therefore a prime object of the present invention
not shown, remote from the window, the line having the
to provide a device for the purpose mentioned, which is
top reach or run 32 and the bottom reach or run 31.
very simple in construction as well as inexpensive to 20
Attached to the upper bracket arm 21 at a point 35
manufacture and install, and which can be used in a
spaced outward from its pivot 24 is a chain 34, the other
simple and practical manner with a minimum of effort
and skill.
The above as well as additional and more speci?c ob
or free .end of the chain preferably being provided with a
handle or grip 36. The vertical web 16 of the upper
attaching member 14 is provided with an inverted
jects will be clari?ed in the following description wherein 25 L-shaped slot extending upward through its lower edge,
reference numerals refer to like-numbered parts in the ac
companying drawing. It is to be noted that the drawing
is intended primarily for the purpose of illustration and
substantially as shown at 37.
FIG. 4 shows the device in position when the bracket
20 has been swung outward from the window, which is
that it is therefore neither desired nor intended to limit
the case either after laundry has been hung on the line
the invention necessarily to any or all of the exact de 30 or when the line is not being used. The clothes line 33
tails shown or described except insofar as they may be
leads from the two pulleys 29, 30 to the pulley 38 on the
deemed essential to the invention.
pole or other remote support for this pulley. The brack
Referring brie?y to the drawing, FIG. 1 is a fragmen
et may be positioned at the angle shown between the
tary front elevational view of the window frame of a
bracket, in full lines, and the plane of the window or,
house looking at the same from outside the window, 35 in order not to obstruct the window, it may be swung
showing the device of the present invention attached to
into the position shown fragmentarily in broken lines,
the frame and in an intermediate position of parallelity
as a limit. It is apparent from FIG. 4 that tension on
with the plane of the window.
the line 33 leading from the pulley 38 will tend to swing
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of FIG. 1.
the bracket clockwise. To prevent such swinging and to
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the device showing a posi
stabilize the bracket 20 in its position, the chain 34 is
tion of the bracket thereof when the bracket extends
tautened and a link thereof is registered in the slot 37
through the window into the inside of the room.
in the well known manner, that link being locked in the
FIG. 4 is a top plan view of the device showing the
slot by the tension on the chain. It is apparent that the
bracket in full lines in a position between that shown in
chain thus permits of a wide choice of angular positions
45
FIG. 2 and a position, shown in broken lines, wherein
of the bracket between a position of parallelity with the
the bracket extends outward from the window substan
window and one at right angles thereto.
tially at right angles to the plane of the window.
FIG. 5
?ed form
members.
FIG. 6
FIG. 5.
FIG. 7
FIG. 6.
is an enlarged side elevational view of a modi
of the upper of the two bracket arm supporting
is a sectional view taken on the line 6-6 of
is a sectional view taken on the line 7»—7 of
If the chain 34, FlG. 4, were entirely disengaged from
the slot 37 and released to hang freely, it is obvious that
the bracket 20 would swing at an accelerating speed into
and through the window, unless the operator reached
out at considerable distance through the window to grasp
the bracket at a point a considerable distance from its
pivot, for the torque applied to the bracket by the line 33,
especially if the latter is weighted with laundry, would
FIG. 8 is a fragmentary enlarged side elevational view 55 be considerable and it may be excessive for a frail house
of another modi?ed form of the upper bracket support
wife. Since a prime consideration in the utilization of
ing member.
‘
a device of the type presented herein is to eliminate the
FIG. 9 is a fragmentary view of a type of chain adapted
need for the operator to reach or stretch out of the win
for use with the device.
dow to any great degree, it is further desirable that the
60
Referring in detail to the drawing, the numeral 10
swinging of the bracket 20 from its extreme position
indicates a window frame and the numeral 11 the sill of
outward from the window to its extreme position on the
inside of the window, and vice versa, be accomplished
the window. Secured, as by means of screws, to the out
not only with a minimum of effort and strain but also
side of the frame are a pair of vertically spaced L-shaped
members 12 and 13 having horizontal angle-shaped legs 65 without having to reach to any considerable extent
through the window. The present invention includes
14 and 15, respectively, which extend part way across
features which accomplish this purpose.
the window space. Each leg 14, 15 includes a vertical
It is to be noted that the slot 37 in the web 16 of the
web and a horizontal web, shownrat 16 and 17, respec
upper attaching member 14 is formed of a vertical por
tively, for the leg 14 and at ‘18 and 19, respectively, for
tion 370: open at the bottom and a horizontal portion 37b
the leg 15.
extending from the top of the portion 37a in the direc
A unitary bracket 20 is shaped substantially as shown,
tion of the free outer end of the member 14, and that the
to provide a horizontal top arm 21, a vertical outer end
slot portion 37a has a greater width than the portion
3,058,598
3
3711.
As is well known, common types of chains are
formed of mutually adjacent links either wholly or in
part positioned in planes at right angles to each other.
This is illustrated by the two chain links 39 and 40 in
FIG. 9, so that successively the links are edge-on to the
eye and in full width, in the manner in which the links
39 and 40, respectively are shown. The entrance slot
portion 37a is made of width greater than the width
of a chain link, and the slot portion 37b is made of a.
width less than that of the link but slightly larger than 10
the edge-on thickness of the link. Thus, when the handle
end of the chain 34 is held so that the chain is positioned
within the slot portion 37a the chain is free to ride there
through, and in order to lock the chain in the slot 37
at a given position a link which in that position is hori
zontal is let upward and to the left, FIG. 1, to register
in the portion 37b, and the next succeeding link, which
is vertical, stops movement of the chain through the slot.
When the chain 34, FIG. 4 is disengaged from the slot
portion 37b by moving it to the left, the chain is let down
into the portion 3711 without entirely removing the chain
but letting it remain in the portion 37a. Then, holding
on to the chain, as by the handle 36, with one hand, the
bracket 2!’) is permitted to swing slowly clockwise while
the chain is payed out slowly through the slot portion 37a.
When the bracket 2t‘; has thus been permitted to swing
to a position approximately parallel with the window it
is grasped or at least stopped by the other hand. In the
latter position of ‘the bracket it is close to the window
so that it may be reached by the said other hand without
stretching any distance beyond the window, and the chain
is then let go of to hang from the upper arm of the brack
et. Obviously the chain is now also in easy reach to be
taken hold of again and to be passed through the slot
37 in the opposite direction, as indicated in FIG. 3. When
the bracket 20 has been permitted to swing inward to
the desired position, the chain is again locked in the
upper slot portion 37b, to retain the bracket in that posi
tion for hanging laundry on the line or taking it off.
It is to be seen that while the chain 34 is being payed
out or pulled in through the slot portion 37a it presses
against the left-hand wall 41 of the said portion, FIG. 1.
In order to reduce friction of the chain against this wall,
it is desirable that the same be rounded, and such a
rounded wall is shown at 42 in FIGS. 5—7; in these fig
ures parts which are otherwise identical to those previ
ously mentioned bear the same reference numeral fol
lowed by the suffix “a.” The L-shaped slot, equivalent
to the slot 37, is, however, shown composed of the wide
vertical portion 43 and the narrow horizontal poriton 44.
4
which it extends into the window, such as, for example,
the position shown in broken lines, the operator disen
gages both sides of the line from the pulleys 29, 30. For
hanging laundry on or taking it off the line, the position
of the bracket inside the window is most apt to be one
closer to the position thereof shown in FIG. 3 in broken
lines than the position shown in full lines. After the
laundry has been hung out or taken off the line, the op
erator ?rst re-trains the two sides of the line about the
pulleys 29, 30, with one hand, while holding the bracket
with the other hand against swinging clockwise. Then
the chain is disengaged from the slot 37 and it may be
left to hang freely while the operator slowly swings the
bracket counter-clockwise in a position wherein the
bracket lies outside the window, past a position of paral
lelity with the window. With the bracket in this position
the chain is re-engaged in the slot with the chain extend
ing therethrough in the opposite direction, that is, the di
rection in which it extends in FIG. 4. By ?rst engaging
the chain only in the vertical slot portion 37a (or 43 or
46) and pulling on the chain until the bracket has been
fully extended from the window into, say, the position
shown in broken lines in FIG. 4, or a position close there
to, the operation on the bracket is greatly simpli?ed and
requires no leaning out of the window. After the bracket
has thus been properly positioned, the chain is moved into
the horizontal slot 37b (or 44 or 47) to lock the same,
and thus the bracket is restrained from clockwise rotation.
While the invention has been described with particular
reference to the structure illustrated in the drawing, such
is not to be construed as a limitation upon the invention
which is best de?ned in the appended claims.
The invention having thus been described, what is
claimed and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is as
follows:
1. A device of the class described comprising two ver~
tically spaced horizontal supporting members for attach
ing the device to a window frame, a unitary bracket in
cluding an upper arm and a lower arm and a connecting
portion joining the outer ends of said arms, the inner ends
of the arms having aligned downwardly extending ends
forming aligned pivot pins, said connecting portion carry
ing a pulley about which one end of a clothes line is
adapted to be trained, said supporting members having
one end thereof attached to the window frame and the
other end thereof extending partway across the window
frame opening, the upper of said supporting members in
cluding a horizontal web and a. vertical web extending
therefrom, said horizontal web and the lower of said sup
porting members having aligned openings near the outer
In FIG. 5 the two chain links 39, 40 are also shown
ends thereof in which said pivot pins register whereby the
positioned in the slot portion 43. As a further modi?ca
tion an overhanging projection 45 may be provided at
the upper end of the wall 42 to tend to prevent the chain
from rising into the slot portion 44 while it is moving
bracket may be swung from a position extending outward
from the window at substantially right angles to the plane
of the window to a position extending inward through the
under tension.
As a still further modification, the structure shown in
window at substantially right angles to said plane, the
pivot pin on the upper arm including a projection below
the upper supporting member having two vertically spaced
pulleys rotatably mounted thereon about which the top
FIG. 8 may be provided. Here the slot, equivalent to
the slot 37, is shown having the wider vertical portion 46
and bottom reaches of the clothes line are adapted to be
and the narrower horizontal portion 47, and the parts 60 trained, and means for restraining the bracket from swing
similar to the equivalent parts of FIGS. 1-4 are indicated
ing about said pivot pins when the bracket extends inward
by the same reference numeral followed by the suffix
through or outward from the window, said means com
“b.” In this modi?cation the left-hand wall of the por
prising a chain having one end thereof secured to said
tion 46 is cut away to provide vertically spaced supports
upper arm at a point outward from the axis of said pivot
48 for a spool 49 having pins 50 registering in comple 65 pins, said chain being composed of links having the mu
mentary recesses in the supports 48 for rotation of the
tually interlinked ends thereof normally at right angles to
spool. Thus, while the chain is passing through the slot
each other, said vertical web having a slot therein extend
portion 46 under tension it will rotate the spool and thus
reduce friction to a minimum.
ing upward through the lower edge of the web, said slot
In the position of the bracket in which it extends away 70 having at least a portion thereof of a width greater than
the thickness of said links and smaller than the width of
from the window as exempli?ed in FIG. 4, both runs or
reaches 31 and 32 of the line 33 are trained about the
the links, said slot being positioned spaced from the ends
of the upper supporting member, any one link of the
pulleys 29, 30 respectively. Either when the bracket, on
chain remote from said one end thereof being adapted to
moving inward, reaches the position shown in full lines
be
releasably engaged and locked in said slot to restrain
75
in FIG. 3 or when it reaches another suitable position in
5
3,058,598
5
the bracket against swinging on said pivot pins as afore
said.
5. A device according to claim 2, said vertical portion
of said slot having a cut-out therein providing vertically
spaced spool supports having a spool rotatably supported
therebetween.
2. A device of the class described comprising two ver~
tically spaced horizontal supporting members for attach
ing the device to a ‘window frame, a unitary bracket in
cluding an upper arm and a lower arm and a connecting
6. A device of the class described comprising an elon
gated upper horizontal support member and a lower hori
portion joining the outer ends of said arms, the inner ends
zontal support member, said members being adapted to be
of the arms having aligned downwardly extending ends
forming aligned pivot pins, said connecting portion carry
secured on the outside of a window frame with the mem
bers extending part way across the window opening, at
ing a pulley about which one end of a clothes line is 10 least said upper member including a horizontal web and a
adapted to ‘be trained, said supporting members having
vertical web, the horizontal web having a vertical opening
one end thereof attached ‘to the window frame and the
therethrough at the outer end thereof, said lower member
other end thereof extending partway across the window
having a vertical opening therein aligned with said ?rst
frame opening, the upper of said supporting members in
named vertical opening, a unitary bracket including an up
cluding a horizontal web and a vertical web extending 15 per arm, a lower arm and a connecting portion between the
therefrom, said horizontal web and the lower of said sup
outer ends of said arms, the inner ends of said arms hav~
porting members having aligned openings near the outer
ends thereof in which said pivot pins register whereby
ing aligned downwardly extending ends providing pivot
pins, the pivot pin on the upper arm passing through said
the bracket may be swung from a position extending out
?rst-named vertical opening and having a portion thereof
ward from the window at substantially right angles to the 20 projecting below said horizontal web, the pivot pin on the
plane of the window to a position extending inward
lower arm registering rotatably in said second-named ver
through the window at substantially right angles to said
tical opening, said connecting portion carrying a pulley
plane, the pivot pin on the upper arm including a projec
about which one end of a clothes line is adapted to be
tion below the upper supporting member having two ver
trained, said projecting portion of the pivot pin of the
tically spaced pulleys rotatably mounted thereon about
25 upper arm having two vertically spaced pulleys rotatably
which the top and bottom reaches of the clothes line are
adapted to be trained, and means for restraining the
mounted thereon about which the top and bottom reaches
of the clothes line are adapted to be trained, said vertical
web having a slot therein extending through the hori
zontal edge thereof which is remote from the vertical web,
bracket from swinging about said pivot pins when the
bracket extends inward through or outward from the win
dow, said means comprising a chain having one end there
30 the upper arm having a chain secured thereto, said chain
of secured to said upper arm at a point outward from the
axis of said pivot pins, said vertical web having an
L-shaped slot therein, said slot being positioned spaced
being adapted to extend through said slot in either direc
tion and having any link thereof selectively engageable
with the walls of the slot to lock the chain against move
from the ends of the upper supporting member and con
ment through the slot to restrain the bracket against
sisting of a vertical portion extending upward through the 35 swinging on its pivots when the bracket is positioned
lower edge of the web and a horizontal portion extend
either in outwardly extending position with respect to the
ing from the upper end of the vertical portion in a direc
Window or in inwardly extending position with respect to
tion outward toward the outer end of the web, the chain
the window, the chain in one of said extending positions of
being composed of successive links normally having the
the bracket passing through said slot in one direction and
mutually interlinked ends thereof substantially at right 40 in the other of said extending positions of the bracket
angles to each other and having a width greater than the
passing through the slot in the opposite direction.
thickness thereof, said vertical slot portion having a width
7. A device according to claim 6, said connecting por
greater than the width of said links, said horizontal slot
tion having a pin thereon at right angles to the plane of
portion having a width greater than the thickness of said
the bracket, said ?rst-named pulley being rotatably
links and smaller than the width of the links, said chain 45 mounted on said last-named pin.
being freely slidable through said vertical slot portion and
being adapted to be locked against movement in said hori
zontal slot portion in the direction of said point to main
tain the bracket against pivotal movement in a direction
50
tending to increase tension on the chain.
3. A device according to claim 2, said vertical portion
of said slot having at least a part of that edge thereof
which is closer to the outer end of the Web rounded.
4. A device according to claim 3, said edge of said ver
tical portion of the slot having a projection at the top 55
thereof extending part way into the vertical portion.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,014,291
1,045,230
1,496,793
1,616,314
1,899,467
2,117,233
2,517,533
Frey _________________ __ Jan. 9,
Whittley ____________ _._ Nov. 26,
Unger ______________ __ June 10,
Festenberg ____________ _._ Feb. 1,
Lance _______________ __ Feb. 28,
Clark _______________ __ May 10,
Carwithen ____________ __ Aug. 8,
1912
1912
1924
1927
1933
1938
1950
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