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Патент USA US3059376

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Oct. 23, 1962
w. R. KAF'KA ETAL
3,059,366
Oct- 23, 1962
w. R. KAFKA' ETAL-
3,059,366
ORNAMENTAL CHRISTMAS TREE
Filed Feb. 11. 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
w w
\
"‘
uvmvrozes:
WALTER R. KAFKA
GEORGE KAFKA
ATI'YS
I
3,959,356
,
United States Patent 0 " ICC
2
1
The wires ‘9 may be any suitable, fairly-rigid material
but with such pliability as will permit easy twisting with
assured retention in the twisted form. ,The pair of wires
will vary in length to permit a plurality of the units to
be stacked in pyramidal form to simulate a Christmas
3,659,366
ORNAMENTAL CHRISTMAS TREE
Walter R. Kafka and George Kafka, Chicago, 111., as
signors to Kafka Associates, Chicago, 111., a copartner
ship
Patented Oct. 23, 1962
tree, as shown in FIG. ll.
Filed Feb. 11, 1960, Ser. No. 8,146
2 Claims. (Cl. 41-15)
Various types of units are possible of formation with
the herein shown jigs 10. One such unit has an exposed
This invention relates to improvements in specialty
stem 23‘ (FIG. 2). Another such unit has both wire ter
type ornaments and the means and method for making 10 minals formed as shown at 22 in FIG. 5 whereupon the
?nished unit is bent medially around a cylindrical ?x
the same.
The main objects of this invention are to provide an
ture, such as a piece of pipe or rod, to form a loop large
enough to seat over the support 24. A third such unit
improved form of ornament wherein a plurality of pieces
has both wire terminals formed as shown at =22 but the
of ?exible material, each medially compressed, are secured
to a supporting wire in radially-disposed, spirally compact 15 unit is set up on the jig 10, as illustrated in FIG. 7, which
leaves the wire exposed at its medial portion to be spread
relationship with the perimetrical portions of the pieces
of material ?ared outwardly to form a ?uffy cylindrical
as shown at .16 in FIG. 5.
The jig 110, wherein the separate units are formed, as
unit; to provide an improved ornament of this kind where
here shown is a channel-shaped member wherein the lat
in a plurality of varying lengths of wires, supporting ?ex
ible-material of this kind, when stacked on a post in axial 20 eral side rails 12 are each formed with a series of uni
abutting, circumferentially-staggered, radial disposition,
formly-spaced openings 13 extending throughout the
simulate a Christmas tree; and to provide an improved
means and method for making ornaments of this kind
which is simple in structure and facile to use in the pro
duction of ornaments which are very inexpensive and 25
length of each side rail \12. In the jig v10, for forming the
unit shown in FIG. 2, the series of openings 13 are uni—
formly spaced along the entire length of the side rails.
In the jig 10, for making the units as shown in FIG. 5,
there are medial portions 14 of the side rails 12 which do
not have the openings 13. (See FIG. 7.) The purpose
of the omission of the openings ‘13 medially of the jig 10
highly attractive.
In the adaptation shown in the accompanying drawings;
FIGURE 1 is a miniature perspective of a simulated
is to provide for the later bending of the wires 9 into a
Christmas tree made in accordance with this invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged, perspective view of a single orna 30 loop 16 as shown in FIG. 5, the function of which will
mental unit one end of the supporting wire of which is
be made explicit presently.
Any of the above noted types of ornamental units are
radially positioned on a support;
FIG. 3 is a plan view of one of a plurality of the
made in the following manner:
A desired number of the squares 8 are individually
squares of material used in the making of these orna
35 wadded or compressed along one dimension into elon_
ments;
gated shapes 17, as shown in ‘FIGS. 4, 5 and 6, to permit
FIG. 4 is a perspective View of a jig for forming orna
each such compressed shape 17 to be threaded ‘through
mental units of the type shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a much-enlarged, partial, side view of the
a pair of alined openings 13 in the jig side rails 12, as
is shown in the aforesaid ?gures. After the desired num
end of a slightly modi?ed forming of the wire for a single
ber of such compressed shapes 17 have been threaded
ornamental unit similar to that shown in FIG. 2;
through the selected alined openings 13-, a pair of wires
FIG. 6 is a slightly enlarged, sectional view of the jig
9 are positioned ‘as shown in FIG. 4, on opposite sides
in use as taken on the plane of the line 6--6 of FIG. 4;
of the row of compressed shapes 1‘7 medially of the side
and
rails 12. Such wires 9 may be two separate pieces or it
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a modi?ed form of jig
may be a single piece of wire bent to form the two sec
such as might be used for forming the ornamental unit
45
tions as shown in FIG. 4.
of FIG. 5.
One end of the wires 9—the bent end 18 where the
The essential concept of this invention invloves a plu
rality of uniform pieces of thin, ?exible material each
medially compressed and all pieces secured to a twisted
wires are so f0rmed-—is ‘set in a stationary chuck 19 to
hold the wires against axial turning. The free ends of
supporting wire in radially-disposed, spirally~compact rela 50 the wire-s 9 are set in a revolving chuck, preferably of a
conventional, ‘hand-power tool (not shown). The tool
tionship with the perimetrical portions of the pieces ?ared
outwardly from the supporting wire to form a ‘fluffy cylin
drical unit, a plurality of which units of varying lengths,
when stacked on a post in radially-circumferential-spaced
is activated to turn the wires 9 so as to form a spiral
twist as shown in FIGS. 2 and 5. The amount of twist
given should be ‘such as to effect .a tight gripping of each
compressed shape 17, between each twist of the wires.
A simulated Christmas tree, embodying the foregoing 55 As is quite apparent, this results in the compressed shapes
being radially-disposed to the wires 9 in a spirally-oom
concept, is made up of a plurality of units each formed
paot relationship.
of a plurality of pieces of thin, ?exible material 8 clamped
The twisting of the wires being completed, the unit is
between pairs of various-length, twisted wires 9, assem
removed from the chuck and from the jig 10. There
bled in a jig :10, and subsequently pyramidally stacked on
a supporting post :11 in axially-disposed, circumferentially 60 upon the ends of the wires are looped back around the
end-compressed shapes 17, as shown at 22 in FIG. 5.
spaced relationship.
relationship, simulate a Christmas tree.
Such a terminal formation would be made at both ends
where the unit has the wire medially looped ‘as above
noted or medially spread as shown in FIG. 5; only one
The pieces of material 8 preferably are squares of a
thin, transparent, polyethylene plastic material. Such ma
terial is preferred because of its light-re?ective character
istics and its tendency to resume its normal condition
65 such terminal formation would be required for the type
rial have been found most advantageous to work with,
of unit shown in FIG. 2. The perimetrical portions of
the several compressed shapes 17 are ?ared outwardly
other geometric forms, obviously, could be used. The
so as to form a ?u?y cylindrical unit as most clearly
after being compressed. Although squares of this mate
dimensions of the squares 8 would be determined, gen
erally, by the size desired for the cylindrical unit, herein
after described.
70
shown in FIG 2.
When the unit is ‘formed in the jig 10, as shown in
FIG. 4, the end 18 of the wires 9 extend beyond the
3,059,366
most adjacent compressed shape 17. This provides a
stem 23, as shown in FIG. 2, which will permit a plu
4
shown and described may be altered or omitted without
departing from the spirit of the invention ‘as de?ned by
rality of such units to be set up on an lapertured support
the ‘following claims.
24 in various Ways, one such of which would be a sim
We claim:
ulated Christmas tree as shown in ‘FIG. 1. Where the CH
1. A Christmas tree ‘comprising, a supporting post, a
unit is formed on the jig as shown in FIG. 7, after re
plurality of pairs of spirally-twisted vwires each pair of a
moval of the jig the medial portion—which has no com
different length and formed with a medial loop, a plu
pressed shapes 17—is spread to form a loop 16, the merit
rality of pieces of thin ‘?exible material secured at their
of which will appear presently.
medially-compressed portions between each of the pairs
The length of each such unit~as shown in FIGS. 2 10 of twisted wires of self-sustaining rigidity in radially-dis
and 5—is determined by the number of compressed
posed spirally-compact relationship extending oppositely
shapes 17 that are inserted through a consecutive series
outward from the respective loop to the ends of the pair
of the al-ined openings 13 in the respective jigs it). When
of wires, the perimetrical portions of the pieces of mate
the unit is to be formed with a medial opening 16 an
rial being ?ared outwardly to form a ?uify cylindrical
equal number ‘of compressed shapes 17 would be thread 15 unit, the plurality of units being graduately-staclted with
ed through a predetermined number of alined openings
their loops embracing the post to dispose the units in
13 on each side of the medial parts 14 having no open
ings 13. The pair of wires 9 of a length duly propor
tioned to the number of compressed shapes '17 would be
radially-disposed, circumferentially-spaced relationship on
the post, the unit with the longest wires being at the bot
tom of the stack and the unit with the shortest wires
used to secure such shapes thereto in the manner here 20 being at the top of the stack.
inbefore explained. When the unit is formed, as shown
in FIG. 2, and the length of wires 9 is less than the full
dimension of the jig 10, the desired number of com
pressed shapes 17 would be inserted through a predeter
mined number of openings 13 adjacent one end of the
jig. The Wires 9 of the required length, would be posi
tioned at that end of the jig, with the end 18 of the wires
extending enough beyond the end of the jig 10 to provide
a stem 23 of the desired length.
Perhaps the most obvious and preferred use of these
units is in the formation simulating a Christmas tree, as
indicated in FIG. 1. This may be done with any of the
types of unit as shown and described herein. In any
case the units would be stacked on a post 24, mounted
on a base 25, in radially-disposed circumfere-ntially
spaced relationship.
7
IE units, as shown in FIG. 2, are used the post 24
would have a series of holes drilled therein at a slight
transverse angle in circumferentiallyspaced positions
2. A Christmas tree comprising, a supporting post, a
plurality of pairs of spirall -twisted wires each pair of a
different length and formed with a medial loop, a plu
rality of squares of transparent, light-re?ecting, plastic
material secured at their medially-compressed portions be
tween each of the pairs of twisted wires of self-sustaining
rigidity in radially-disposed, spirally-compact relationship
extending oppositely outward from the respective loop to
the ends of the pair of Wires, the perimetrical portions of
the pieces ‘of material being ?ared outwardly to form a
?uffy cylindrical unit, the plurality of units being graduate
ly-stacked
their loops embracing the post to dispose
the units in radially-disposed, circumferentially-spaced
relationship on the post, the unit with the longest wires
being at the bottom of the stack and the unit with the
shortest wires being at the top of the stack.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
‘ UNITED STATES PATENTS
around the post throughout the length thereof. The units 40
of the form shown in FIG. 2, would be positioned on the
216,278
Kingsley _____________ __ June 10, 1879
post 24 by having the stems 23 stuck in these holes.
255,902
Wengenroth ___________ __ Apr. 4, 1882
If units with medial loops or medially spread wires, as
364,085
Bohm _______________ __ May 31, 1887
shown in FIG. 5, are used the units would be stacked one
1,240,392
Vierlinger ____________ __ Sept. 18, 1917
on top of the other ‘by setting the medial openings over 45 ' 1,656,3110
Anderson _____________ __ Jan. 17, 1928
the post ‘24.
1,683,637
Trimpe ______________ __ Sept. 1-1, ‘1928
In any case the plurality of units would be of varying
2,245,903
Cone ________________ __ June 17, 1941
lengths. The longest units would be placed at the bot
2,639,532
Seewald ______________ __ May 26, 1953
tom of the post 24 and graduated upwardly with the
2,727,326
MacGregor ___________ __ Dec. 20, 1955
shortest units at the top, hence the pyramidal for-m char
2,893,149
Reece et al. ____________ __ July 7, 1959
acteristic of the conventional evergreen Christmas tree.
2,995,962
Dietz ________________ __ Aug. 15, 19611
It Will be understood that details of the construction
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