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Патент USA US3059614

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Oct. 23, 1962
c. J. WHEELER
3,059,607
ANCHOR
Filed Feb. 15,1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 1 '
INVENTOR.
CHARLES J.
WHEELER
BY
ATTORNEYS
Oct- 23, 1962
c. J. WHEELER
3,059,607
ANCHOR
Filed Feb. 13, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
FIG. 6
7
V_
INVENTOR.
>
CHARLES JjWHEELER
BY WW MW
ATTORNEYS
States
i
i
3,059,607
Patented Oct. 23, 1962
1
2
3,059,607
a release position, a lock to hold it in the anchoring
Charles J. Wheeler, Painesville, Ohio, assignor, by direct
the lock, and in which the relative position of the anchor
ANCHOR
position, operator control means to contact and release
and mesne assignments, of one-half to Thomas E.
line and the anchor ?uke when in the anchoring position
is the opposite of the released position.
Fisher and Lowell 1L. Heinke, a partnership composed
of Thomas E. Fisher and Lowell l'... Heinke; three
eighths to Pyle and Fisher, a partnership composed of
Ray L. Pyle and Thomas E. Fisher; and one~eighth to
Lowell L. Heinke
Filed Feb. 13, 1959, Ser. No. 793,110
11 Claims. (Cl. 114-208)
This invention pertains to marine anchors and more
particularly to anchors which are most ideally suited
for use with small craft.
A more speci?c object of the invention is to provide a
novel and improved anchor which has a plurality of arms
pivotally carried by a shank, and a lock bar which holds
the arms and the shank in a ?xed relative position
10
for anchoring.
A related speci?c object of the invention is to provide
an anchor made in accordance with the foregoing object in
which a sleeve is slidably carried by the shank and
In anchoring a marine vessel, securing the anchor to
operably connectable to both the lock bar and the pivot
the bottom of a body of water is frequently a problem. 15 arms.
Once the anchor is secured an even more diiiicult problem
An alternate speci?c object of the invention is to pro
is encountered in that it is often extremely ditlicult to
vide a novel and improved anchor in which the line is
raise the anchor. At times the anchor becomes so
connected to the crown end of the shank by a tong, and
securely embedded in the bottom as to make hoisting of
in which a slack auxiliary line is connected to the crown
it extremely di?icult. With small boats where hoisting 20 of the anchor in order that upon release of the tong
is accomplished by a man pulling on the anchor line,
further tensioning of the line will pull the anchor in a
raising of the anchor is at times practically impossible
without resorting to such extremes as diving for it.
One proposal which sought to overcome these dii?cul
reverse direction.
'
Other objects and a fuller understanding of the in
vention may be had by refer-ring to the following de
ties provided an anchor in which the arms were pivotally 25 scription and claims, taken in conjunction with the ac
companying drawings, in which:
mounted on the shank and in which a relatively strong
spring held the arms in an anchoring position. When
FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary partially sectioned view
the boat operator wished to raise such an anchor he
of one of the novel and improved anchors in the pre
would accelerate his boat in a direction away from the
ferred form;
anchor causing the arm embedded in the bottom of the 30
FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view of one of the
body of water to shift relative to the shank against the
novel and improved anchors in an alternate form On a
action of the spring. Once the arm had passed over
reduced scale with respect to FIGURE 1;
center and the spring had passed its maximum distention,
FIGURE 3 is a side elevational view of a novel and
the arm swung to a rather reverse position which facili
improved split ring used as the operator control actua
tated pulling the ‘arm and a ?uke at the end of the arm 35 tion means and shown on an enlarged scale with respect
from the bottom. The di?iculty with this proposal has
been that if a spring is provided which is strong enough
to hold the boat ?rmly in high winds, or the like, the
to FIGURE 1;
FIGURES 4 and 5 are sequential views of yet another
embodiment of the invention showing the release of
boat may not have the power to overcome the spring
the anchor from the bottom of a body of water; and,
when the boat operator seeks to raise the anchor. This 410
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary top plan View on an en
can and has resulted in small boats swamping. Further
larged scale of the embodiment of FIGURES 4 and 5
in the released position.
such an anchor was of no value whatsoever with sailing
craft which, even if equipped with auxiliary power, could
In the drawings a shank is designated by 10‘ in each
not overcome such a spring. Further, because of limited
of the ?gures. The shank 10 has a ring end 11 and a
mobility, a sailing vessel has the greatest need for a 45 crown end 12. A plurality of arms 513 are connected
dependable releasable anchor.
to the shank 10 at the crown end 12. Each of the arms
The present invention provides an anchor which can
13 has a ?uke 14 at its outer end. An anchor line 16
always be released from the bottom of a body of water.
is connected to the ring end 11.
The release can be accomplished from the boat. This
The previously described parts ?nd an equivalent in
invention also provides an anchor which will positively 50 both name and function in any prior art anchor. In
hold a vessel in an anchored position, and which anchor
each of the drawings an anchor of the “grappling” type
will not accidentally shift to the hoisting position.
which has four arms is disclosed. Analysis of the in
Accordingly, the principal object of this invention is
vention will show that it may be app-lied to an anchor
to provide a novel and improved anchor which can easily
with any number of arms. For example, the invention
be released from the bottom of a body of water at the 55 is equally applicable to a Danforth type anchor having,
will of the operator and which at the same time will
for all practical purposes, one arm, or the Northill type
dependably anchor a vessel.
anchor which has-a pair of foldable arms, or a “stock”
Another object of the invention is to provide a novel
anchor. Thus, the invention is equally applicable to
and improved anchor which can, at the election of the
an anchor with any number of arms.
operator, be released either through standard techniques 60 In FIGURE 1 a plurality of pivots 20 ‘are provided at
or through the utilization of a novel and improved re
the crown end 12. Each of the arms 13 is pivotally car
ried by one of the pivots 20. Each of the arms 13 has
A related object of the invention is to provide a novel
an arm extension 21 which lies against a stop 22 formed
and improved anchor which is equipped with a releas
on the shank ~10 when the arms are in the disclosed anchor
ing mechanism which is actuated by contact with an 65 ing position. Each of the arm extensions or projections
operator controlled releasing means.
21 has ‘a reduced diameter end portion 23 which extends
A related object of the invention is to provide a novel
under a sleeve 25.
leasing mechanism.
and improved anchor having a releasing trigger and a
The sleeve 25 is slidably carried on the shank 10. The
triggering device in the ‘form of a ring slidable along
sleeve 25 is held in the anchoring position by a ‘lock bar
the anchor line.
26. The lock bar 26 is connected to the shank 10 by a
A further object of the invention is to provide a novel 70 pivot pin 27. The lock bar 26 is held in the anchoring
and improved anchor which has an anchoring position,
position by a spring 28 which is interposed between the
3,059,607
3
4
zontal plane with at least one of its ?ukes and usually at
least a part of the associated arm embedded in the bottom.
A substantial amount of line, or “scope”, is played out
lock bar and the shank 10. A stop guard 29 may be ?xed
to the shank ill) to serve as a stop and thereby prevent ac
cidental depression of the lock bar 26.
In FIGURE 3 a split ring 30 is disclosed. The split
ring 30 has a hinge pin 31 to permit relative opening of
so that the anchor can assume this position with the shank
essentially parallel to the bottom.
Normally, with any of the well known anchors, hoisting
is accomplished by pulling in the anchor line and, if pos
sections 32, 33. A suitable means is provided to lock the
sections 32, 33 together. This means may take the form
sible, shifting the boat, or other vessel to a position sub
of a leaf spring 34 which projects into a notch 35 to hold
stantially over the anchor. This will tend to shift the
the sections together.
The split ring 30 may be positioned around the anchor 10 anchor to a position somewhat approximating the position
shown in FIGURE 4 where the bottom of a body of water
line and dropped down it. The split ring 30 slides over
is designated by the numeral 60.
the shank 10 and a release portion 36 of the lock bar 26.
If the seaman cannot hoist his anchor by pulling directly
The release portion 36 has an outer camming surface 37
upwardly on the line, he will continue to move the vessel
which the ring 30 acts against. As the ring 30 travels
from the ring end of the anchor toward the crown end 12 15 past the anchor to pull it in a reverse direction. This ac
tion will normally, but not always, release the anchor.
it will depress the release portion 36 and shift the lock
Further, it is not always possible to shift the boat over
bar 26, against the action of the spring 28, to the position
the anchor and past it. For example, one common prac
shown in phantom in FIGURE ‘1.
tice in anchoring small boats off a shore is to position one
Once the lock bar 26 is released, further tensioning on
anchor near the shore line and another a substantial dis
the anchor line will cause carnming surfaces 38 on the ex
tance out in the water to hold the boat in a position where
tensions 21 to shift the sleeve 25 to the position shown in
its fore and aft line is substantially normal to the shore
phantom. This permits the arms 13 to move to a release
line.
Under such conditions it is not possible to pass
position as will be described in more detail. If desired,
the boat over the anchor.
a light spring may be used to aid in shifting the sleeve 25
to the release position.
25
The outstanding advantage of this invention is that it
In FIGURE 2 an alternate form of release mechanism
in shown. There, a crown end ring 40 is added to a stand
ard four arm or grappling type anchor. A releasable
tong 41 has an eye 42 which is removably connected to
permits the seaman to hoist his anchor under any adverse
conditions. At the same time, once it is properly set, the
anchor will not accidently become released from the bot
to connect the anchor line 16 to the crown end ring 41).
The lever members 43, 44 are urged into a normally
hoists the shank 10 to as near the vertical position as con
eye 42. It should be noted that inner surfaces 53 adjacent
the parting line 52 are relatively flat and transverse to the
shank 19 when connected to the anchor. These ?at sur
to slide down the line 16, or alternately triggers any suit
tom.
A new procedure is followed in weighing anchor with
the ring end 11. The tong 41 has ?rst and second lever 30
any of the embodiments shown, or the other equivalents,
members 43, 44 held together by a pivot pin 45. The
which will be apparent to one skilled in the art. The pro
lever members each have portions which de?ne half of
cedure, which is the same for all embodiments, will be
the eye 42 and arm portions 46, 47 respectively. The arm
described in detail in connection with the sequential view
portion 46 corresponds in purpose and function to the
lock bar release portion 36. The arm portion 47 has an 35 shown in FIGURES 4 through 6.
First the seaman tensions the anchor line 16 and moves
end eye 43 to which a main line extension 49 of the anchor
his boat toward the anchor as much as possible. This
line ‘16 is connected. A slack auxiliary line 50 is provided
ditions will permit. The seaman then places the ring
closed position by a light spring 51. The spring 51 urges 40 39 about the line v16. To trigger the mechanism and re
lease the anchor the seaman simply allows the ring 30
the lever members together along a parting line 52 in the
able operator controlled release mechanism.
As the ring 30 passes onto the shank 10 in the position
faces prevent accidental opening of the tong from tension 45 of FIGURE 4 and further downwardly, the weight of the
ring will carry it down until it coacts with the camming
ing of the anchor line, as might occur if the surfaces 53
were not substantially normal to the axis of the shank 10.
Release of the tong 41 from the ring end 11 is accom
plished through essentially the same technique as is em
ployed in releasing the anchor of FIGURE 1. The ring
30 is passed down the line 16 to shift the lever members
43, 44 together against the action of the spring 51.
This releases the tong from the ring end 11. Further
tensioning of the anchor line 16 will be transmitted to the
crown end ring 40 by the auxiliary line 50 causing the
anchor to be hoisted in a reverse direction.
surfaces 37' and compresses, in the case of FIGURES 4
through 6, the lock bar 26’. This compresses the spring
28’ until the lock bar 26' is in the position of FIGURE 5.
Movement of the lock bar 26' to the release position of
FIGURE 5 permits the sleeve to shift to the release posi
tion and the arms 13 to pivot to the release position shown
in FIGURES 5 and 6. The anchor may then be facilely
withdrawn from the bottom. In the embodiment of
55 FIGURES 5 and 6 a stop projection 59 limits the travel
of the ring 30. If di?iculty is encountered in moving the
In FIGURES 4 through 6 an alternate form of anchor
is shown and the sequential steps of release of any of the
embodiment of this invention are better explained and
ring 30 against the stop 59, or its equivalent, the stop guard
29 of FIGURE 1 and the unnumbered stop of FIGURE 2
on the lever arm 43, the difficulty can be overcome by
In the embodiment of these ?gures one of a 60 “jiggling” the anchor line. The jiggling action permits
slack to appear in the anchor line while the anchor shank
plurality of links 55 is pivotally connected to each of the
'10 remains in essentially a vertical position. This releases
arms 13 and to the sleeve 25’. The lock bar 26' has a
the tension on the engaged parts and permits the weight of
pivotal connection 56 formed at the end of the release por
shown.
tion 36' nearest the ring end 11. A substantial portion
of the lock bar 26’ is disposed within a hollow shank v10’. 65
the ring to trigger the release mechanism.
It will be seen that in each of the embodiments the
relative positions of the ?ukes and the line when in the
The spring 28’ is also disposed within the shank.
anchoring positions are the same with respect to the
The lock bar 26' has an actuating end portion 57 which
crown end 12. By this it is meant that when the anchor
extends through the sleeve 25'. When the anchor is in
is in the anchoring position, the ?ukes 14 and the line 16
the anchoring position of FIGURE 4, an end hook 58
engages the sleeve and holds it in the anchoring position. 70 are on the same side of a plane which passes through the
crown end 12 and is normal to the axis of the shank 10.
In this anchoring position of FIGURE 4, the sleeve 25'
Expressed another way, the ?ukes and the line extend
is held away from the crown end 12 in a position in its
in generally parallel directions. When the release mecha
path of travel which is toward the ring end 11.
When any anchor is embedded in the bottom of a body
nism is actuated one of these members, the ?ukes 14 or
of Water the shank will normally lie in an essentially hori 75 the line 16, is shifted to the opposite side of such a plane
5
3,059,60‘?
so that the ?ukes and the line then project in opposite
directions with respect to the shank.
Thus, in the anchoring position the line is pulling the
arms 13 and the ?ukes 14 toward the vessel with the
flukes nearer the vessel than the remainder of the arms.
6
being slidable along the shank member and said camming
surface to compress the spring and shift the lock bar into
a second position, said arm members being movable from
the anchoring to the release positions when the bar is in
said second position.
-
Tensioning of the line, when there is adequate scope, pulls
4. An anchoring device comprising, a shank having a
at least one of the ?ukes into the bottom. When the
ring end and a crown end, a plurality of arms, each of
release mechanism is actuated, the converse is true and
said arms being pivotally connected to the shank at the
the ?ukes are then further from the vessel than the re
crown end, a sleeve carried by the shank and operably
mainder of the arm 13. Tensioning of the line then 10 engageable with the arms, the sleeve being slidable from
pulls the ?ukes from the bottom.
a holding position to a disengagement position, a lock
While the invention has been described with a great
bar pivotally carried by the shank and having a ?rst posi
deal of detail, it is believed that it essentially comprises
tion, the bar being in operable connection with the sleeve
a novel and improved anchor having releasable means
when the sleeve is in the holding position, said arms
for holding the line and ?ukes in anchoring positions 15 having an anchoring position and a release position, said
until released by engaging actuation of an operator con
arms being held in the anchoring position by the opera
trolled releasing means.
tive engagements with the sleeve when the lock bar is in
Although the invention has been described in its pre
the ?rst position and the sleeve is in the holding position
ferred form with a certain degree of particularity, it is
and in operative engagement with the arms and the lock
understood that the present disclosure of the preferred 20 bar, a spring carried by the device and interposed between
form has been made only by way of example and that
the shank and the bar to urge the bar into said ?rst posi—
numerous changes in the details of construction and the
tion, said bar having a camming surface tapering out
combination and arrangement of parts may be resorted
wardly relative to said shank in a direction from said
to without departing from the spirit and the scope of
shank ring end toward said crown end, a ring slidable
the invention as hereinafter claimed.
25 along said shank and said camming surface to compress
I claim:
the spring and shift the lock bar to a second position,
1. An anchoring mechanism comprising, a shank hav
said sleeve being slidable along said shank to a disengage
ment position when the bar is in second position, and
ing a crown end and a ring end, at least one arm con
nected to the crown end and projecting transversely from
said arms being movable to said release position when
the shank, said arm having a ?uke member at the end 30 said bar is in the second position.
remote from the crown, the ?uke member having when
5. An anchoring device comprising, a shank member
in use an anchoring position located on the ring end side
having a ring end and a crown end, a plurality of arm
of a plane perpendicularly intersecting the shank axis at
members, each of said arm members being pivotally
the crown end, a line member connected to the shank,
connected to the shank member at the crown end, a lock
the line member having an anchoring position when in 35 bar pivotally connected to one of the members and op
use, said line member being secured to the ring end and
erably engageable with the other members when in a ?rst
extending longitudinally from the shank in a direction
position, said arms having an anchoring position and a
away from the crown end when the line member is in
release position, said arms being held in the anchoring
use and disposed in the anchoring position ‘whereby ten
position by the lock bar operative engagement with said
sion exerted on the line member pulls the ?uke member 40 other members when the lock bar is in the ?rst position,
into the bottom of a body of water or the like when the
a spring carried by the device and urging the bar into
members are in the anchoring positions, releasable means
said ?rst position, said bar having a camming surface
tapering outwardly relative to said shank member in a
connectable to the shank and one of the members, said
releasable means having a spring urging it toward a ?rst
direction from said shank member ring end toward said
position, and a ring slidable along the line member and 45 crown end, a ring slidable along said shank member and
engageable with the releasable means to compress the
said camming surface to compress the spring and shift
spring and thereby shift the releasable means to a second
the lock bar to a second position, said arm members being
position, said line member and fluke member being held
movable from the anchoring to the release positions when
in the anchor positions when the device is in use with the
the bar is in said second position, and a guard transversely
releasable means in the ?rst position, said one of the 50 extending from said shank to protect said bar, said guard
also being a stop to limit the sliding of said ring.
members being movable to a release position when the
6. An anchoring device comprising, a shank having a
releasable means is in the second position, said one mem
ber release position being on the side of such plane
ring end and a crown end, a plurality of arms, each of
opposite the ring end thereby permitting continued ten
said arms being pivotally connected to the shank at the
sioning of the line member to pull the ?uke member from 55 crown end, a sleeve carried by the shank, a plurality of
the bottom.
links pivotally connected to the sleeve, each of the links
2. The device of claim 1 wherein the ring comprises
being pivotally connected to one of the arms, the sleeve
having a holding position, the sleeve being slidable toward
selectively engageable sections connectable together to
the crown end from the holding position to a disengage
form a ring about a line.
ment position, a lock bar pivotally carried by the shank
3. An anchoring device comprising, a shank member
and having 1a hooked end and a ?rst position, the hook
having a ring end and a crown end, a line connected to
engaged with the sleeve when the sleeve is in the holding
the ring end, a plurality of arm members, each of said
position and the bar is in the ?rst position, said arms
arm members being pivotally connected to the shank
having an anchoring position and a release position, said
member at the crown end, a lock bar pivotally connected
arms ‘being held in the anchoring position when the lock
to one of the members and operably engageable with the
bar hook is engaged with the sleeve and the sleeve is in
other members when in a ?rst position, said arms having
the holding position, a spring carried by the device and
an anchoring position and a release position, said arms
interposed between the shank and the bar to urge the bar
being held in the anchoring position by the operative
into said ?rst position, said bar having a camming surface
engagement of said lock bar with said other members
when the lock bar is in the ?rst position, a spring carried 70 tapering outwardly relative to said shank in a direction
by the device and urging the bar into said ?rst position,
from said shank ring end toward said crown end, a ring
said bar having a camming surface tapering outwardly
slidable along said shank and said camming surface to
relative to said shank member in a direction from said
compress the spring and shift the lock bar to a second
shank member ring end toward said crown end, and a
position, the hook and sleeve being disengaged when the
ring slidable along said line into said shank, the ring 75 bar is in the second position, said sleeve being slidable
3,059,607
7
along said shank to the disengagement position when the
bar is in said second position, and said arms being shift
able to said release position when said sleeve is in the
disengagement position.
7. An anchoring device comprising, a shank having a
8
auxiliary line connected to ‘the main line and to the shank
crown end, the auxiliary line having a greater length than
the total of the length of the main line between the line
and tong connections, the length of the tong and the
length of the shank, whereby the auxiliary line is slack
when the tong is connected to the shank, and operator
controlled means selectively engageable with said levers
said arms being pivotally connected to the shank at the
to compress said spring and open the tong, the connection
crown end, each of said ‘arms having an anchoring posi
between the tong and the shank ring end being broken
tion and a release position, a sleeve carried by the shank,
each of the arms having a sleeve engagement projection 10 when the tong is opened.
10. An anchoring device comprising, a shank having
the sleeve being slidable from a holding position to a
ring at a ring end and a crown end, a plurality of arms
disengagement position, each of the projections being dis
extending transversely from the shank at the crown end,
posed in part within the sleeve when the sleeve is in the
a tong having ?rst and second levers relatively movable
holding position and the arms are in the anchoring posi
tions, a lock bar pivotally carried by the shank and hav 15 to said tong including a spring urging said levers into the
closed position, said tong being selectively connectable
ing a ?rst position in holding engagement with the sleeve
to said ring when the levers are in the closed position, a
when the sleeve is in the holding position, a spring car
main anchor line connected to said tong, an auxiliary
ried by the device and interposed between the shank and
line connected to the main line and to the shank crown
the bar to urge the bar into said ?rst position, said bar
having a camming surface tapering outwardly relative to 20 end, the auxiliary line having a greater length than the
total of the length of main line between the line and tong
said shank in a direction from said shank ring end toward
connections, the length of tong and the length of the
said crown end, a ring slidable along said shank and said
shank, whereby the auxiliary line is slack when the tong
camming surface to compress the spring and shift the
is connected to the shank, and a ring slidable along said
lock bar to a second position, said sleeve being slidable
along said shank to the disengagement position when the 25 main line and engageable with said levers to compress
said spring and open the tong, the connection between the
bar is in said second position, and said arms being mov
tong and the shank ring end being broken when the tong
able to said release positions when said sleeve is in the
ring end and a crown end, a plurality of arms, each of
disengagement position.
8. An anchoring device comprising, a shank having a
is opened.
11. An anchoring device comprising, a shank having a
ring at a ring end and a crown end, a plurality of arms 30 ring at a ring end and a crown end, a plurality of arms
urging said levers into the closed position, said tong being
extending transversely from the shank at the crown end,
a tong having ?rst and second pivotally connected levers
relatively movable to open and closed positions, said
levers having eye and cam portions on opposite sides of
length of the shank, whereby the auxiliary line is slack
one another as measured from the remote ends toward
extending transversely from the shank at the crown end,
a tong having ?rst and second levers relatively movable
to open and closed positions, said tong including a spring
selectively connectable to said ring when the levers are 35 the pivot, said tong including a spring carried by the levers
urging said levers into a closed eye position, said eye being
in the closed position, a main anchor line connected to
selectively connectable to said ring, and said cam portions
said tong, an auxiliary line connected to the main line and
each having an end remote from the pivot, a main anchor
to the shank crown end, the auxiliary line having a greater
line connectable to one of the remote ends, said cam por
length than the total of the length of main line between
the line and tong connections, the length of tong and the 40 tions having camming surfaces tapering outwardly from
the pivot, an auxiliary line connected to the main line
when the tong is connected to the shank, and operator
and to the shank crown end, the auxiliary line having ‘a
controlled means selectively engageable with said levers
greater length than the total of the length of the main line
to compress said spring and open the tong, the connection
between the tong and the shank ring end being broken 45 between the line and tong connections, the length of the
tong and the length of the shank, whereby the auxiliary
when the tong is opened.
line is slack when the tong is connected to the shank, and
9. An anchoring device comprising, a shank having a
a ring slidable along said main line and selectively en
ring end and a crown end, a plurality of arms extending
transversely from the shank at the crown end, a tong hav 50 gageable with said camming surfaces to compress said
spring and open the eye whereby to break the connection
ing ?rst and second levers relatively movable to open and
between the eye and the shank ring end.
closed positions, said levers each having bent end portions
mateable to form an eye, said tong including a spring
urging said levers into the closed eye position, said levers
each having inner eye surfaces, said surfaces adjacent 55
said mating having relatively flat nonarcuate portions to
engage said ring end, said tong eye being selectively con
nectable to said ring end when the levers are in the closed
position, a main anchor line connected to said tong, an
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
411,948
2,490,460
Wilcox _______________ _- Oct. 1, 1889
McAvoy ______________ __ Dec. 6, 1949
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