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Патент USA US3060798

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Oct. 30, 1962
3,060,788
D. F. BLESI ET AL
SHOTGUN SHELL RELOADER
5 SheetsLSheet 5
Filed 001i. 8, 1958
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D. F. BLESI ET AL
3,060,788 y
' SHOTGUN SHELL RELOADER
Filed Oct. 8, 1958
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
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Oct. 30, 1962
D. F. BLEsl ET AL
3,060,788
SHOTGUN SHELL RELOADER
INVENTORS
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«_I- - l E
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BY
WM; MM C’. SCHAEFFNM
MMM C
ä
W
ÄrfoRA/EY
,l
3,050,788
Patented Get. 3Q, 1952
2
from the left, showing the shell holder in lowermost po
sition during the primer setting operation, parts of the
3,060,783
SHO'I‘GUN SHELL RELGADER
Douglas F. Blesi, 8726 West River Road N., and Wil
liam C. Schaeíïner, 915 Highway 10, both of Minne
apolis, Minn.
t
Filed (Pct. 8, 1958, Ser. No. 766,055
9 Claims. (Cl. 36-27)
apparatus being in vertical section to reveal internal
structures;
FIGURE 4 is a front elevation of the apparatus in
neutral or beginning position similar to that of FIG
URE l;
:FIGURE 5 is a front elevation of the apparatus with
the shell holder in raised position for ejecting a primer,
tion, and more particularly to apparatus for reloading lO parts of the apparatus being cut away in vertical section;
This invention relates to the manufacture of ammuni
shotgun shells.
In the original manufacture of shotgun shells, the re
quirements for versatility and rapid production have re
sulted in development of automatic machines of consid
FIGURE 6 is a side elevation taken from the right and
showing the parts in beginning or neutral position;
FIGURE 7 is a top plan view of the apparatus, por
tions of the reservoirs being cut away to show the posi
tions of the outlets;
FIGURE 8 is an enlarged horizontal section taken on
the line 3_8 of FIGURE l and showing the shot and
erable complexity. Such automatic machines serve ad
mirably for large scale manufacture but have no purpose
in small scale reloading of the shells.
powder-feeding element in ñlling position, the discharge
Certain other devices have been proposed in which
position is shown in dotted line representation;
shotgun shell casings are reloaded, the devices being
FIGURE 9 is an enlarged segmental vertical section of
adapted to perform consecutive operations on the same 20
the shot and powder-feeding element taken on the line
shell. Since each individual shell must be taken through
9_9 of FIGURE 7;
the series of consecutive steps, usually seven in all, it is
FIGURE l0 is an enlarged vertical section of the shot
obvious that such reloading equipment will be slow in use.
and powder-feeding element taken on the line 10--10 of
Further, since the individual habits of the users may vary,
the reloaded shells may lack uniformity unless an operator 25 FIGURE 8;
has developed particular skill with the conventional single
shell reloader, his own product may vary from shell to
shell.
It is within the contemplation of this invention and a
FIGURE 11 is an enlarged horizontal section taken on
the line Irl-11 of FIGURE l, parts being cut away to
show the opening through the index plate; and
FIGURE 12 is a somewhat reduced vertical section of
general object thereof to provide a manually operative 30 a segment of the index plate and detent mechanism taken
reloader which will be semi-automatic in nature, combin
ing economy in iirst cost and operation with speed of op
eration, certain sequence of operations being performed
simultaneously on a plurality of shells.
A further object of the invention is to provide a shot
on the line 12-12 of FIGURE l1.
With continued reference to the drawings, our shotgun
shell reloader comprises generally a supporting structure
10 which is upright in nature and adapted to support a
reciprocable and rotatable shell holder 11, an upper tool
and mount assemblage 12, lower tool 13, actuating mech
gun shell reloader which will utilize a shell holder which
anism 14 for raising and lowering the shell holder 11,
is reciprocable to work on a shell casing tirst in one direc
crimping mechanism 15, and the shot and powder-feeding
tion and then in the other and also is rotatable to index
element 16 secured at the upper portion of the supporting
a plurality of shells from station to station.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a 40 structure 10. The structural relationship and coaction
between the individual parts will be set forth in detail
safe and sure sizing and crimping mechanism with a
movable element arranged to oppose the movement of the
herebelow.
The supporting structure 10 consists of a base mem
shell holder so as to provide means for ejecting a com
ber 17 which in turn may be bolted or otherwise secured
pleted shell, any incompleted operation changing the re
sponse of the machine so as to be detectable to the hands 45 by fasteners 1S to -a stationary body 19 such as a bench
or table. The base 17 is provided with a medial upstand
of the user.
ing boss 20 which, in turn, is provided with an upstand
Another object of the invention is to provide an ap
ing column 21 which has a constant cross section and
paratus of the class described in which both powder and
extends upwardly to terminate in a threaded end 22 as
shot are simultaneously measured in a rotatable measur
ing device upon rotation in one direction, and are simul 50 more clearly shown in FIGURES 4 and 5. The hase 17
taneously dumped into a pair of partially reconditioned
shells upon rotation in the opposite direction, the measur
ing and dumping being effected simultaneously with other
manual movements of the apparatus.
These and other objects and advantages of our inven
tion will more fully appear from the following descrip
tion, made in connection with the accompanying draw
ings, wherein like reference characters refer to the same
is also provided with the rigid upstanding stop rod 23
threadedly secured at 24 to the base 17 and adjustable
for height by means of the jamb nut 25, as shown in de
tail in FIGURE 2. Stop rod 23 terminates upwardly in
55 an abutment head 26, which normally lies within a spring
cap 27 against an annular abutment 28 at the bottom
thereof. A compression spring 29 normally urges the
cap 27 to its uppermost position, as shown in FIGURE 2.
The stop rod 23 serves to normally hold the tool holding
parts throughout the several views and in which:
assembly 11 in neutral position and also prevents the
60
FIGURE l is a side elevation of the reloading appa
lowering thereof when the cap 27 is depressed to` the level
ratus taken from the left side, presuming the operator to
of the abutment 26 on top of stop rod 23.
be positioned to the right of the apparatus, the position
Also secured to base 17 is the tool 13 shovm more
of the parts being such as assumed in the neutral or be
clearly in FIGURES 2 and 3. Tool 13 constitutes a
ginning condition of the apparatus;
priming punch 30 which is threadably secured at 31 to
FIGURE 2 is a similar view, somewhat enlarged, show 65 the top of the pedestal 32 which, in turn, is secured as
ing the shell holder in raised position and the crimper
by fastener 33 to base 17. The priming punch 30' termi
arm prior to crimping in full line representation and in
nates upwardly in an abutment cup 34 which is adapted
dotted line representation when the crimping is complete,
to bear against a primer 35 peripherally thereof so as not
portions of the structure are cut away to better show the 70 to explode the same. A priming punch sleeve 36 is slid
ably mounted on the priming punch 30 and is provided
lshell casings and internal parts of the apparatus;
with an annular shoulder 3‘7 which is biased normally
FIGURE 3 is a side elevation of the apparatus, also
3,060,788
8
upward by compression spring 38 and provides a holder
for the primer 35 to prevent its lateral displacement.
The sleeve 36 is depressible but the priming punch 30
remains rigidly in position during the priming operation.
cap 77 and body 74. The threaded screw 70 is counter
sunk in bore 81 within body 74 and passes through the
lower cap 71 so as to maintain mutual registry between
the upper and lower caps as well as the body 74. The
The upper tool and mount assemblage 12 consists of
a tool mount 39 threadedly fixed to the upper end of the
upper cap 77 is also provided with a pair of Openings 82
and 83, as shown in FIGURES 8 and 9, but these open
column 21 and additionally and adjustably set in its posi
ings are not aligned with openings 72 and 73 in the lower
tion by means of set screw 40. The tool mount 39 is
cap 71. They are, however, offset by the same angular
provided with a plurality of depending tool elements ar
amount and lie in the same circular pathway.
ranged circularly about the axis of column 21 and equal 10
Retained between the upper cap 77 and the lower cap
ly spaced so as to be precisely located with respect to
71 and surrounding the `body 74 is the measuring ring
individual stations. These tools are individually desig
84. Ring 84 is provided with openings 85 and S6 which
nated as follows: the primer punch is 41 and located at
register with the upper cap openings 82 and 83 when
station I, the primer punch 41 being threadedly secured
in the position shown in FIGURE 8. The measuring
at its upper end 42 to the tool mount 39 and terminating
ring 84 is provided with a finger grip 87 which may be
downwardly in an axially diminished punch point 43, as
rotated from abutment 88 to abutment 89, both of which
shown in FIGURE l. Station II has a powder-drop tube
abutments are secured to the lower cap 71, as shown in
44 which extends upwardly through the tool mount 39
FIGURE 8. When the finger grip 87 is in the position
and terminates downwardly in the open end 45 as shown
shown in full line in FIGURE 8, the openings 85 and 86
in FIGURE 4. A station III is provided with a wad 20 will be aligned with the upper cap openings 82 and 83,
seating tool 46 which is normally spring-pressed down
and when the finger latch 87 is moved to the dotted line
wardly by compression spring 47, bearing against abut
position, the openings 85 and 86 will then be aligned with
ment collar 48, the wad-seater 46 and compression spring
the respective shot-drop and powder-drop tubes 72 and
47 being retained within the bore of threaded cylinder
73, so as to discharge the contents of the measuring ring.
49, as shown in FIGURE 4. Cap 50 is threadedly se
Mounted above the upper cap 77 are two reservoirs 90
cured to the top of the cylinder 49 to retain the spring
and 91 for shot 92 and powder 93, respectively. These
47 within the cylinder. The wadding tool 46 is thus ar
reservoirs may be ordinary glass jars with threaded tops
ranged so that it cannot exert more than a predetermined
94 and 95 which may be normally capped to preserve the
Thus, even
contents thereof when not in use. The present apparatus,
where a double charge of powder is placed within a shell
casing, there will not be suíiicient pressure thereon to
cause it to explode. Referring now to FIGURE 6, the
next station IV is the shot-drop tube 51. The shot-drop
however, is provided with inverted adapters 96 and 97
pressure upon a wad within a loaded shell.
through the tool mount 39 and extends downwardly to
terminate in open end 52, Station V is the crimp starter
which may first be screwed onto the threaded tops 94
and 95 of jars 90 and 91 while they are in upright posi
tion. The adapters 96 and 97 are provided with spouts 98
and 99 which terminate in nozzles 100 and 101, respec
tively. The nozzles are, in turn, provided with valves 102
and 103 respectively. Thus, the jars 90 and 91, together
53 which is secured to the tool mount 39, as shown in
with their valved cap members, can be inverted with their
tube, like the powder-drop tube, extends upwardly
respective valves shut off and placed in position over the
FIGURE 2. The crimp starter has a cylindrical bore 54
openings 82 and 83 above cap 77, as shown in FIGURE
which terminates upwardly in a conical concavity 55, for
engaging the top of a shell casing to bring the crimped 40 9. Referring to FIGURE 1, the threaded rod 75 has a
double loop retainer 104 somewhat below its top, and is
ends toward the center. Station VI constitutes the crimp
also provided with a lug 105 and a thumb nut 106 thread
ing and sizing tool 56 as shown in FIGURES l and 2.
edly secured at the upper end of rod 75 so as to exert pres
The crimping and sizing tool utilizes a cylindrical sizing
sure upon the lug 105 and hold the jars 90 and 91 with
die 57 terminating downwardly in an open end 58 and
being threadedly retained at its upper end 59 in the tool 45 their nozzles 100 and 101 firmly in Contact with the upper
mount 39. The sizing die is open at each end and ex
tends all the way through the tool mount 39 so as to
terminate in the open end 60. Inside the bore of the siz
ing die 57 is the crimping punch 61 which ñoats Slidably
within the die 57 and has an abutment head 62 at its
upper end and a reduced punch extension 63 at its lower
end.
Associated with the crimping mechanism 15 is the
crimping arm 64 bearing at its lower end 65 upon the
head 62, as `shown in FIGURE 2. The arm 64 terminates
upwardly in a hand grip 66 and has a lower rigid connect
>ing arm 67 which is secured to a bracket 68 by means
of the pivot bolt 69. Bracket 68 is rigidly secured to the
cap 77.
Slidably mounted on the column 21 is the rotatable
shell holder 11. The holder, in turn, comprises a carrier
107 which can reciprocate about the column 21, as shown
in FIGURES l, 4 and l2. The carrier 107 is provided
with a pair of countcrsunk bores 108, each of which re
tains a compression spring 109 and a small ball bearing
110. The carrier has a hub 111 through which bore 112
extends for slidably receiving the column 21. The upper
55 end of the hub 111 is threaded at 113 for receiving the
nut 114, as shown in FIGURE l2.
A set screw 115 is
employed to position the nut properly.
Rotatably
mounted on the hub is the index plate 116 as shown in
FIGURES l, 4, 11 and 12. The index plate has a hub
Referring now to FIGURES 6 through 10, the shot 60 portion 117 provided with a bore 118 adapted to ñt about
the hub 111, as shown in FIGURE l2. Index plate 116
and powder-feeding element 16 is mounted above the tool
is provided at its lower side with six small detents or
holder 39 and is supported by the upper ends of the
recesses shown at 119, opposed pairs of which are
powder tube 44 and the shot tube 51, as well as the body
adapted to engage the small ball bearings 110 in sequence
mount screw 70, as shown in FIGURES 6 and 9. Se
cured to the upper ends 0f the shot and powder tubes is 65 to properly register or index the index plate 116 with
respect to the tool mount 12 and tools. When the index
the lower measuring body cap 71, as shown in FIGURE
9. The tubes 44 `and 51 extend therethrough and are
plate is properly indexed below the tool mount 12, there
will be an opening 120 axially beneath each of the sta
positioned as shown at 72 and 73 in dotted outline in
FIGURE 8. The measuring body 74 is circular in char
tions previously mentioned. Secured to the upper face
acter and is secured to the lower body cap 71 by means 70 121 of the index plate 116 is a template 122, as shown in
of a threaded rod 75 secured at its lower end by nut '76
FIGURE 1l. The template is spaced slightly above face
and passing through the upper body cap 77, as shown in
121 by means of washers 123 and fasteners 124 extending
top of tool mount 39, as shown in FIGURE 2.
FIGURE 9. Upper body cap 77 has a recess 78 which
mates with a corresponding recess 79 in body 74 and a
through the template 122 and into the index plate 116,
as shown in FIGURE ll. Every other fastener 124 has
dowel l80 is used to maintain registry between the upper 75 a double spring clip 125 terminating in curved ends 126,
5
3,060,7ss
as shown. The template 122 is provided 'with peripheral
shown in FIGURE 3. It will be noted that none of the
arcuate cut-outs 127 so that a shell casing 128 may be
confronting tools secured to tool mount 39 will be utilized
during the movement of arm 139 in its rearward stroke.
It will be remembered that, during the return movement
of arm 139 which preceded the rearward primer setting
movement, the user’s hand caught the linger latch 87 and
moved it from the dotted line position to the full line po
sition to replenish cavity 83.
With the handle 139 returned to the neutral position of
10 FIGURE l, the index plate 116 is again rotated a sixth
inserted thereagainst in abutting relation with the curved
ends 126 of spring clip 125 holding them securely in
place. The base flange 129 of each of the shell casings
128 will retain each shell in upright position and firmly
retain it against vertical movement relative to the index
plate 116.
The means 14 for 4reciprocating the shell holder 11
is shown in FIGURES 1 and 4. A crank -shaft 130 ex
tends through the boss 20 and has a pair of crank arms
131 secured thereto by means of key 132. Each of the
crank arms 131 yis provided with an abutment area 133
which is adapted to engage an abutment screw 134 se
cured in adjustable relation threadedly in base .17. A
jambnut 135 locks the abutment screw 134 in the proper
position, as shown in FIGURE 4. Pivotally secured to
the ends of `each of the cranks 131 at 136 are respectively
links 137 which, in turn, are pivotally secured at 138 to
of a turn and a spent shell casing is again inserted into
station I. »An over-powder wad 141 is then placed in
the shell at station III or wad 141 may «be placed in a
shell starter 142 which is a cylindrical cap 143 having
spring fingers 144 adapted to guide the wad 141 into
shell casing 128 while holding the end thereof in open
condition.
Since wad starters are known in the art, no
detailed explanation will be given and its use is purely op
tional. Handle 139 is again pulled forwardly, the fore
opposed sides of carrier 107. The crank shaft 130 has 20 tinger grasping the latch 87 and moving it to its dotted
an actuating arm 139 secured outwardly thereto'and ter
line position to dump a charge of powder into the shell
minates radially outward in a handle 140, as shown in
at station II. As previously set forth in detail, the spent
FIGURES 1 and 4.
primer 140 will be ejected from the newly inserted shell
In the use and operation of the reloading apparatus
casing 128 and »the wad 141 will be set firmly in place
disclosed herein, jars of shot and power 90 and 91 respec 25 against the charge of powder 93 which has been previous
tively are positioned at the top of the device with their
ly placed in the shell at station III when it was at station
respective valves 102 and 183 closed. The position of
II. If a predetermined compression is reached upon the
the parts are as shown in FIGURE 1 at the beginning of
powder, the spring 47 will yield so as not to unduly in
the operation. A single shell casing 128 is placed against
crease the compression force. Thus, if an extra wad 141
the template and secured by spring clip 125 directly 30 was placed in the shell by mistake, no dangerous con
beneath station I. Actuating arm 139 is then pulled for
dition would exist. Handle 139 is again moved rear
wardly, as shown in FIGURE 5, and, if the shell casing
wardly with the thumb engaging the finger latch 87 to
128 is provided with a spent primer 140, then the primer
move it to the full line position of FIGURE 8 and to
punch 41 will cause the same to be ejected through the
pick up an additional charge of powder in the cavity 83.
index plate opening 120, as viewed in FIGURE 5. Ac 35 At the same time, of course, the newly positioned primer
tuating handle 139 is then pushed rearwardly from the
35 will be inserted in the shell casing 128 at station I.
position of FIGURE 5 'back through the neutral position
Handle 139 will then return to its neutral position, as
of FIGURE l and all the way rearward until the index
shown in FIGURE 1, under the influence of spring 29.
plate 116 abuts against the stop pin 23 as shown in FIG
Again, the index plate 116 is rotated a sixth of a turn
URE 3. It is understood that an unused primer 35 will
counterclockwise as viewed in FIGURE 7, advancing all
have been inserted into the primer sleeve 37 in abutting
the previous shell casings by one station, following which
relation with the cup 34 prior to the reverse movement of
another spent shotgun shell casing 128 is placed in sta
the handle 139. The handle 139 is then permitted to
tion I. A wad 141 is placed in the casing at station III
raise to its neutral position in FIGURE 1 under the in
and a new primer 3S placed in the sleeve or cap 35. At
fluence of compression spring 29 on the stop pin 23
this point, valve 182 is opened so that shot 92 will ñll
which bears against the member 27 to bias the shell
the cavity 82 so that the measuring ring will henceforth
holder 11 to its neutral position. Whenever the arm 139
dump both powder and shot each time it is moved for
is moved rearwardly from the most forward position
wardly and then backwardly within the limits of stop
thereof, the user’s hand passes closely adjacent the
pins 88 and 89. The handle 139 is then pulled forwardly
measuring ring 84 4and the user catches the ñnger latch
to punch the old primer out at station I, to load a charge
87 so as to rotate the measuring ring 84 to the position
shown in FIGURE 8. At this position, as previously ex
plained, the respective cavities 82 and 83 would be ñlled
with shot and powder respectively if the valves 102 and
103 were open.
With the handle 139 permitted to return to its neutral
position of FIGURE l, the index plate 116 is now rotated
one-sixth of a revolution counterclockwise as viewed in
FIGURE l1. Index plate 116 will then be positioned so
that shell 128 will be in alignment with station II, as
viewed in FIGURE 5. Another empty shell casing 128
is secured in a similar manner to underlie station I.
Handle'139 is again pulled forwardly as in FIGURE 5,
and, at the same time, the user’s right hand will catch the
latch 87 and move it to the dotted line position as shown
in FIGURE 8. For beginning a sequence of opera~
of powder at station II, to ram and set a wad at station
III, and to charge a wadded casing with shot at station IV,
the ñnger latch 87 being moved back to its dotted line
position to effect discharge of the cavities 82 and 83 as
previously described. Again, a new primer 35 is put into
sleeve 36 and handle 139 is pushed rearwardly as far as
possible, at the same time returning the measuring ring
84 to its full line position by means of the iinger latch
87 shown in FIGURE 8. With the new primer set,
the handle 139 is permitted to return to its neutral posi
tion, as shown in FIGURE l.
Again, the index plate 116 is rotated counterclockwise
a sixth of a turn as viewed in FIGURE ll, to advance
all the shell casings one station and to expose an empty
place for station I. Another spent shell is put in posi
tion in station I and a wad is placed in the shell at sta
tions, the valve 102 may be let't closed while the valve
tion III. With the handle pulled forwardly as viewed in
103 will be opened to permit powder to enter cavity 83
FIGURE 2, all of the previous operations will be re
prior to filling cavity 82 with shot. -Moving the meas
peated, including the dumping of a charge of powder and
uring ring 84 clockwise, as viewed in FIGURE 8, will 70 shot from the cavities 83 and 82. The shell which is now
cause the powder in cavity 83 to be discharged into the
at station V will enter the preliminary crimper 53 and
shell at station II at the same time that a spent primer
140 is ejected at station I. A new primer 35 is then
cause it to assume a conical upper end as shown.
Upon
retraction of the handle 139, and flipping of the measur
placed in the sleeve 36 of the primer punch 13 and arm
ing ring back from its dotted line to full line position, a
139 is again moved rearwardly to set the new primer as 75 new charge of powder and shot will be placed in the re
3,060,788
8
s'pective cavities 83 and 82. Again, the index plate 116
portions of the parts without departing from the scope of
is rotated through a sixth of a turn in a counterclockwise
our invention as set forth in the appended claims.
What we claim is:
direction to advance all the shell casings one station.
A wad is again placed in the shell at station III and
handle 139 is pulled forwardly into the position shown
1. In a shotgun shell reloader, an upright supporting
structure, a carrier slidably mounted on said upright sup
in FIGURE 2. As before, the finger latch 87 is swung
from a full line to dotted line position to empty the re
mounted on said carrier and having a series of openings
spective powder and shot cavities. The pre-crimped shell
casing 128 at station VI rises within the sizing die 57 and
porting structure, a shell holding member rotatably
and positioning means adapted for circularly locating a
plurality of shotgun shell casings in upright condition with
bears against the extension 63 of crimping punch 61. 10 their open ends directed upwardly and the castings cen
Since the crimping tool floats freely in the sizing die,
trally positioned over said series of openings, Said shell
the enlarged abutment end 60 will also rise and bear
holding member further having yieldable detent means
against the lower end 65 of the crimper arm 64. It will
positioned between it and said carrier permitting rotation
be noted that crank 131 and the link 137 lie in slightly
of shells to precise consecutive stations while maintaining
over-center relation with respect to the pivot point 136;
their relative position with respect to the openings in said
thus when the arm 131 abuts the screw 134 at its abutting
holding member, tool members mounted on the upright
surface 133, the arm 131 and link 137 will be in locked
supporting structure in confronting relation and on each
relation, as shown in FIGURE 2. The crimper arm 64
side of the shell holding member, and manually operable
is then raised to the full line position from its dotted line
handle means for reciprocably moving the shell holding
position and without moving handle 139 the crimper arm 20 member and carrier toward one of said confronting tools
64 is brought down with the left hand to the dotted line
for engagement of a shell therewith and then toward the
position. The crimper tool extension 63 will then strike
the pre-crimped end of shell casing 128 and press it with
in the outer end to complete the reloading of the shell.
It is intended that the crimping tool 56 complete its crimp
openings.
ing operation Without being completely depressed in
porting structure, a shell holding member rotatably
stopped condition with respect to a tool holder 39
Thus
other for engagement therewith through its associated
2. In a shotgun shell reloader, an upright supporting
structure, a carrier slidably mounted on said upright sup
mounted to said carrier having a series of openings and
the operator will have control over the degree of crimp
positioning means for circularly locating a plurality of
ing applied to each Shell and will be able to adjust the
shotgun shell casings inupright condition with their open
amount of pressure applied according to the circum 30 ends directed upwardly and further having the casings
stances required. All of the other previously noted oper
centrally positioned over said openings, means normally
ations will be simultaneously performed on the ñve other
biasing the shell holding member and carrier to a neutral
shell casings 128 since a shell is now positioned at each
of the six stations. As handle 139 is brought forwardly
position on said upright supporting structure, said posi
wad and a new primer will produce one completed re
loaded shell at station VI while performing one of the es
through its associated openings.
sential operations at each of the other five stations.
Where itis desired to convert the apparatus to reloading
normally biasing the shell holding member also provide a
tioning means further having yieldable detent means posi
with the right hand, pressure is continued on crimper 35 tioned between it and said carrier permitting rotation of
arm 64 with the left hand so as to cause the completed
shells to precise consecutive stations while maintaining
shell 128 to be ejected from the sizing die 57. The right
their relative position with respect to the openings in said
hand will, of course, catch the finger latch S7 and rotate
holding member while the latter is in said neutral posi
it to the dotted line position as in the case of all other re
tion, tool members mounted rigidly upon said upright
turn strokes of the arm 139. The completed shell is 40 supporting structure in confronting relation and at each
then removed from station VI, a new empty casing placed
side of the shell holding member in its neutral position,
in its stead and the index plate 116 is rotated the remain
and manually operable handle means for reciprocably
ing sixth of a turn so as to complete the revolution there
moving the shell holding member and carrier toward one
of. From this point on, each series of lever arm move
of said confronting tools for engagement of a shell there
ments, measuring ring oscillations, and placement of a 45 with and then toward the other for engagement therewith
3. The structure set forth in claim 2, wherein the means
stop which limits the downward movement thereof.
shells of different load such as the magnum load, the tool 50
4. In a shotgun shell reloader, an upright supporting
holder 39 and individual tools attached thereto can be
structure, a carrier slidably mounted on the upright sup
correspondingly adjusted. Furthermore, a sleeve 145, as
porting structure, an index plate rotatably mounted on the
shown in FIGURE l0, may be inserted, replaced or re
carrier and having a lower side confronting said carrier,
moved to vary the volume of the shot cavity 82. It has
said plate having a plurality of circularly positioned open
been found that, in working with ordinary shells, the 55 ings
and further being provided with a positioning means
cavity 83 may be used for both light and heavy charges
for locating a plurality of shotgun shell casings in upright
of powder since explosive powder can be obtained which
condition with their open ends directed upwardly and
is denser and more potent to conform with heavier load
further having each casing axially disposed above an
requirements, but occupying exactly the same volume as
opening,
said index plate further having yieldable detent
Ythe lighter charge. For other loads of shells, different 60 means positioned
between the lower side thereof and said
sized cavities may be used in the measuring ring 84. For
carrier permitting rotation of Shells to precise consecutive
example, cavities 146 and 147 are so positioned relative to
stations while maintaining their relative positions with
the measuring ring 84 that the ring may be rotated arcu
respect to the openings in said index plate, tool members
ately and cause the cavities 146 and 147 to occupy the
same position occupied by the cavities 82 and 83, as shown 65 mounted rigidly upon said upright supporting structure in
spaced confronting relation and at each side of the index
in FIGURE 8. It is understood, of course, that the finger
plate, and manually operable handle means for sliding the
latch 87 will then be removed and linger latch 148 will
carrier and horizontal index plate toward one of said con
assume the position between the abutments 88 and 89.
fronting tools for engagement of a shell therewith and
It may thus be seen that we have devised a semi-auto
matic shotgun shell reloading apparatus which is economi 70 then toward the other for engagement therewith through
cal, safe and eñîcient, certain operations being performed
its associated opening.
manually so as to drastically cut down on the complexity
5. In a shotgun shell reloader, an upright supporting
structure, a carrier slidably mounted on the supporting
structure, a horizontal index plate rotatably mounted on
of fully automatic apparatus of this type.
It will, of course, be understood that various changes
may be made in the form, details, arrangements and pro
said carrier and having a lower side confronting said
3,060,788
9
10
carrier, said horizontal index plate having a Series of
member, said crank lever being adapted to raise said shell
holding member so as to project the incompletely crimped
shell into the sizing die and to hold the shell therein by
circularly disposed openings, a shell-positioning template
secured to the top of said horizontal index plate and
adapted to register each shell over an opening through
said horizontal index plate, said template bearing radially
means of one hand of the operator, and a crimping arm
pivotally secured to the tool mount and lying in engage
ment with the abutment of said crimping tool, said crimp
ing arm being movable by means of the operator’s other
outward from the axis of the index plate and overlying a
peripheral portion of each shell base, a spring clip hori
zontally and removably retaining shells in vertically locked
hand to project the crimping tool vertically against the
relation with respect to the index plate and template, said
shell to crimp and size the same, said crimping arm being
horizontal plate further having yieldable detent means 10 adapted to continue the projection of the crimping tool
during the simultaneous release of said crank whereby to
forcibly eject the completely crimped shell under con
trolled conditions from the sizing die.
8. The apparatus set vforth in claim 6, wherein the
bers mounted rigidly upon said upright supporting struc 15 sizing die is open at each end and the crimping tool floats
positioned between the lower side thereof and said carrier
permitting rotation of shells to precise consecutive sta
tions while maintaining their relative positions with re
spect to `the openings through the index plate, tool mem
ture in confronting relation and at each side of the hori
zontal index plate, and manually operable handle means
for reciprocably moving the carrier and horizontal index
plate toward one of said confronting tools for engagement
freely in the die and has an enlarged abutment head at its
upper end extending beyond the upper open end of the
sizing die for engagement with Said second manually
operable means.
of a shell therewith and then toward the other for engage 20
ment therewith 4through its associated openings.
6. In apparatus for reloading shotgun shells, an up
right supporting structure, a shell holding member
mounted in sliding engagement with said supporting struc
9. In semi-automatic apparatus for reloading shot-gun
shells, an upright supporting structure, a tool mount
rigidly secured to said upright supporting structure and
having a plurality of tool stations equally and circularly
disposed about the axis of the mount, a carrier slidably
ture and adapted to releasably hold an uncrimped shell 25 mounted on said upright supporting structure, a shell
with its base downward and longitudinally of the upright
holding member slidably mounted upon said carrier and
having positioning means for circularly locating a plural
supporting structure, a tool mount iixed to the supporting
ity of shell casings, one in alignment with each of said
structure above the shell loading member and having a
cylindrical sizing die rigidly secured thereto in depend
stations, actuating means adapted to move the shell hold
ing relation and in alignment with an incompletely crimped 30 ing member and the tool mount convergently into enga-ge
ment and divergently out of engagement, said shell hold
shell casing when held by the holding member, a crimping
ing member further having yieldable detent means posi
tool slidably mounted within the sizing die and having a
tioned between it and said carrier permitting rotation of
lower crimping end and an upper abutment extending
externally of the sizing die, a ñrst manually operable
the shell holding member to place each of the shell casings
in alignment with the different stations, a powder reser
voir mounted on the upright supporting structure above
means pivotally secured to said supporting structure and
adapted to move said shell holding member vertically so
as to project in the completely crimped shell into the
sizing die and to hold the shell therein, and a second
manually operable means pivotally secured to said tool
mount and having a portion thereof overlying said crimp
the tool mount, a shot reservoir mounted upon the u-p
right supporting structure above the tool mount, a meas
uring ring rotatably secured to said upright supporting
structure below said shot and powder reservoirs and above
said tool mount and having a pair of measuring cavities
formed therethrough, a conduit leading from the powder
tool against the upper end of the shell to crimp and size
reservoir to one of said cavities, a conduit leading from
the same, said second manually operable means being
adapted to continue the vertical projection of the crimp 45 the shot reservoir to the other of said cavities, a depending
powder tube located at one of said tool stations, and a
ing tool during the simultaneous releasing of the ñrst
shot tube located at another of said tool stations, said
manually operable means, whereby to forcibly eject the
ing tool and adapted to vertically project said crimping
measuring ring being rotatable to simultaneously shift
completely crimped shell under controlled conditions from
both of said cavities out of communication with said reser
the sizing die.
7. In apparatus for reloading shotgun shells, an up 50 voirs to a position in communication with the respective
powder and shot tubes.
right supporting structure, a shell holding member
mounted in sliding engagement with said supporting struc
ture and adapted to `releasably hold an uncrimped shell
with its base downward and longitudinally of the upright
supporting structure, a tool mount fixed to the supporting 55
structure above the shell holding member and having a
cylindrical sizing die rigidly secured thereto in depending
relation and in alignment with an incompletely crimped
shell casing when held by the holding member, a crimping
tool slidably mounted within the sizing die and having a
lower crimping end and an upper abutment extending
externally of the sizing die, a crank lever journaled in the
supporting structure and connected to said shell holding
60
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
336,384
356,975
547,058
2,031,850
Chamberlin ___________ __ Feb. 16,
Badger ________________ __ Feb. 1,
Barlow ________________ __ Oct. l,
Peterson _____________ __ ‘Febr 25,
1886
1887
1895
1936
2,091,397
Shockey _____________ __ Aug. 31, 1937
2,749,790
2,807,186
2,819,644
Miller _______________ __ June 12, 1956
Veum _______________ __ Sept. 24, 1957
Corcoran _____________ __ Jan. 14, 1958
2,856,807
vStutzrnan _____________ __ Oct. 21, 1958
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