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Патент USA US3060894

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Oct. 30, 1962
Filed Nov. 20, 1961
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:1 | I I l I l I \
FIG. 2
tates I atent
Patented Oct. 30, 1962
weight may have a ?at or concave surface in the hori
zontal plane to make‘ effective use of water inertia in re
Russell Ernest Wood, Wrightsville Beach, N.C.
(740 Lagoon Drive, North Palm Beach, Fla.)
Filed Nov. 20, 1961, Ser. No. 153,641
1 Claim. (Cl. 114—230)
This invention relates to a boat mooring facility en
titled “Small Craft Mooring and Dockage Facility.”
tar-ding the velocity of weight motion.
O?-shore mooring pilings 26 and 27 are located ap
proximately as shown to complete the ‘facilities for actual
mooring of boat.
A line 28 secured near the top of piling 14 crosses to
piling 26 where it passes through pulley 29 attached to
piling 26 and thence to an attached weight 30. At a suit
10 able location on line 28 a loop arrangement 31 is pro
The object of the invention is to provide a co-ordinated
vided for securing to the bow of the boat. The stern of
the boat is secured through a ?xed mooring line 32 at
a boat mooring and dockage facility in a location subject
tached to piling 21 plus an end-weighted 33 line 34 pass
to ?uctuating water levels and to wind and swell condi
ing through a pulley 35 secured to piling 27. When un
tions. Safe and easy access from shore to and from a 15 mooring, lines 32 and 34 are hooked together giving a
boat at any water level is provided through arrangement
continuous line e?ect similar to line 28 when no boat
of shore platform, ?oat and connecting gangway. Safe
moored. Tempering weights, if installed for ?xed moor
mooring for a boat which will be automatically elfective
ing lines, will be suspended from bow mooring line 28
near piling 14 and from stern mooring line 32 near piling
at any water level and under all conditions of wind and
swell is provided through connections with bow and stern 20 21. Tempering weight 25 suspension is illustrated in
assemblage which will satisfy ?ve ‘basic requirements for
mooring lines maintained under constant tension through
being ?xed on shore side and end-weighted through pul
FIG. 2.
One end of a secondary mooring line 36 is secured to
the boat end of line 32 and the other end to cleat 37 on
leys on off-shore side. For transfers between boat and
the ?oat. This line is used to pull boat and ?oat to
?oat the boat is ‘held clear of ?oat through tension sup
plied by end Weights on off-shore mooring lines and in 25 gether from either boat or ?oat for loading or unloading.
End-weighted mooring line pulley attachment rigs 24,
- desired proximity by adjustable bow and stern lines thus
29 and 35 are of a standard commercial type consisting
promoting safety for personnel and avoidance of dam—
age to facility or boat. Ease and safety in mooring and
of a screw-eye into piling with shackle connection be
tween eye and pulley. An illustration of the arrangement
unmooring even under adverse conditions is provided
through the unusual arrangement of securing bow and 30 of these rigs with weights is shown at 22 and 24 in FIG. 2.
The recommended mooring and unmooring process
stern of boat to their mooring lines while boat complete
ly clear of any structure. Avoidance of wear and tear
would be as follows:
Mo0ring.—Boat brought within boat hook distance of
on facility by harmless dissipation of energy transmitted
how mooring line 28. Bow hooked on to loop 31. Boat
by wind and wave action is provided by arrangement of
?xed and end-weighted mooring lines for boat and ?oat 35 backed to boat hook distance of connected stern lines 32
and by complete separation between shore structure and
and 34 which are grasped by hand, then separated and
those parts which can be materially affected by wind,
each secured to appropriate stern cleats on boat.
pulled by ‘hand to proximity of ?oat and secured to ?oat
?rst by secondary stern line 36 then by bow line 28.
The invention will be described with reference to the
40 After unloading and internal securing of boat the bow
accompanying drawings in which
water or similar pressures.
line 28 and the stern line 36 are slacked to let the weights
FIG. 1 is a plan view of the facility with a boat se
30 and 33 move the boat to its normal moored position.
cured thereto.
Unmooring.—0perator pulls bow of boat to proximity
FIG. 2 is an elevation view of the facility without the
of ?oat with line 28 and temporarily secures this line to
Referring to the drawings 11 indicates a waterfront 45 piling 14. Gangway lowered to ?oat either manually or
by foot pressure. Stern of boat pulled to ?oat and
bulkhead to which is ?rmly attached a ?xed platform
secured to cleat 37 with line 36. After loading of boat,
12 located about one foot above normal high tide and ex
operator slacks line 28 then boards boat and slacks line
tending about four feet beyond the bulkhead with steps
36 to permit boat to move to normal moored position.
leading thereto from the top of the bulkhead.
A pair of pilings 13 and 14 about three feet apart with 50 After engine warm-up and other preliminaries stern lines
32 and 34 are released from stem cleats and snapped to
axes perpendicular to the bulkhead line is located about
six inches from, and parallel to, the edge of the ?xed plat
form 12. Connecting the two pilings is a heavy rod 15
which supports and around which pivots one end of a
gangway 16. This separation between pilings and plat
form is small enough so that a person can step from the
?xed pltaform to the top of the gangway yet large enough
gether. Bow line loop 31 is kept secured until operator,
through judicious use of propeller and rudder and of
pivot action against bow mooring line 28, brings stern
clear for backing out between pilings 26 and 27. Bow
line loop 31 released and boat backed out.
I claim:
A mooring and dockage facility comprising a pair of
so that surge of pilings due to water swells and other
pilings, a gangway the upper end of which is supported
pressures will not be transmitted to any part of the ?xed
60 and provided with a horizontal pivot carried by said pair
platform or bulkhead.
A davit 17 attached to the bulkhead makes provision
of pilings, a ?oat, to which gangway leads, one end of
for manually or by counterweight raising the lower end
of the gangway so that only when in actual use need the
which is secured in place by two mooring lines of ?xed
length connected to said pair of pilings, a second pair
of pilings holding in place the other end of the ?oat by
gangway be subjected to contact with the ?oat.
A landing ?oat 18 is secured to pilings 13 and 14 by 65 means of end-weighted mooring lines passing through
?xed mooring lines 19 and to pilings 20 and 21 with end
pulleys attached to said pair of pilings, an outer ?fth
weighted 22 mooring lines 23 passing through pulleys 24
piling, a bow mooring line, with securing loop at mid
attached to pilings 20 and 21 thus providing constant ten
point, attached at the inner end to the outer gangway
sion regardless of water level. To provide a springing
support piling and at the outer end to a weight passing
effect to ease mooring line strain when ?oat pitches and 70 through a pulley attached to said ?fth piling, an outer
tosses there may be suspended a submerged tempering
sixth piling to which is secured a pulley through which an
weight 25 to lines 19 at the point of intersection. This
end-weighted line passes and serves as one stern line, a
second stern line of ?xed length secured to the outer of
the second pair of ?oat mooring pilings, means for secur-
platform, a davit attached to short structure and provided
With 8- counterweight for hoisting gangway When not in
ing the ends of the two stern lines together to form a con-
tinuous line similar to the bow mooring line, a supple
mental; Stem mooring‘ line seemed a1; om end to the boat 5
References Cited 1n the ?le of this patent
end of the second stern line and secured at the other end
to a cleat on the ?oat,’ a short supported platform extend-
ins; closeenough to the upper endiof the gangway, and its
Stewart et all _______r__.____ Feb; 1, 1876
Maynard _,_w_,_o___’_,
supporting pilings, to, permit- a person, to step. between‘
Bailey _v,___r___,__o____v__v__,____r Jan. 23', 1934
platform and gangway but far enough apart so- that; any 10
Martin _,_____, ________ __ Nov. 19, 1946
movement of gangway or pilings- will not be transmitted to
Ohmstede ____;___l_r__w___ Aug. 17 , 1954
",___,_, May 6., 1913
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