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Патент USA US3061095

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Oct. 30, 1962
Filed Deo. 28, 1961
United States Patent Oñice
Patented Oct. 30, 1962
Jacob M. Smiler, Philadelphia, Pa., assigner to Pioneer
Sample Book Company, Philadelphia, Pa., a corpora
tion of Pennsylvania
tion of additional envelopes which must be replaced in
order to preserve saleability of the record.
Even beyond the above strength and assembly limita
tions of the prior art record jackets, there are yet other
pronounced disadvantages.
Phonograph records are thinner toward the periphery
Fiied Dec. 28, 1961, Ser. No. 162,759
1 Claim. (Cl. 20G-62)
where the record grooves are than in the center where
there are no grooves and Where a paper label is aflixed
This invention relates to phonograph record jackets.
to each side of the record. The cross sectional shape of
As an aid in understanding the present invention, atten~ 10 the record, coupled with the fact that the prior art type
tion is iirst directed to prior art record jackets.
of jacket has sides which are normally tight together be
The common type of record jacket in widespread use
fore record insertion, leads to a bulging or thickening
heretofore is made as follows. A rectangular sheet of
of the central area of a record in its jacket. ln other
chip board is cut to a width approximating the finished
words, the record in its jacket is thicker toward the
record jacket and a length about twice the width. A 15 middle and thinner toward the edges.
narrow strip, for instance about 1A" in width, along one
While the central thickening is of no significance in
of the long edges is doubled back by a scoring and
the handling of a single jacketed record, it is of pro
folding operation. The sheet is scored transversely and
nounced significance in connection with the handling of
midway of the length thereof, and folded along the
jacketed records by the hundreds or the thousands.
score to form a square double thickness of chip board
It is often desirable in the manufacturer’s plant, or in
fastened together along one edge.
the retailer’s establishment, to stack jacketed records, one
The turned-over narrow strip is thus folded back on
on »top of another, to form a pile of perhaps 50, or 100,
itself to form the “spine” of the record jacket along the
or even more. The slight thickening in the central region
edge which is generally referred to as the “back edge”
causes such a pile to be unstable and exhibit a pro
of the jacket. Glue is applied to both sides of the narrow 25 nounced tendency to topple toward one side or another.
strip down its entire length and the spine is then pressed
A tendency toward warpage is another disadvantage of
while the glue sets. The jacket now consists of two thick
prior types of jackets, the -tendency being particularly
nesses of chip board fastened together along the folded
pronounced when the jackets are exposed to wide thermal
side and glued together along the back edge.
changes. If a record’s jacket warps, the record usually
A short length of cellophane tape bearing a pressure 30 warps with it. If a perfectly liat record is inserted into
sensitive adhesive is wrapped over the edges at one point
a warped jacket, the record will assume the warp of the
in about the middle of the side opposite the folded side.
jacket within a couple of days.
There is thus formed a jacket which, by one means or
The main factor in jacket warpage arises from the
another, is closed on three sides and has an access open
character of the decorative paper covering placed on the
ing on the fourth. This jacket is covered with a thin 35 front `face of the jacket, as compared With that placed
sheet of paper, or the like, on which is printed any desired
on the back face of the jacket. The record manufac
record identification information, advertising, decoration,
turer usually desires to dress up the front face of the
etc., which sheet is glued to all surfaces of the jacket
jacket by the use of a decorative paper covering which
except for the side having the access opening.
has a more or less elaborate design or picture printed
The above described prior art record jacket has a 40 in several colors and which is overlayed with varnish to
number of disadvantages. in the first place, only the
give the decorative covering a high luster. Since-multi
back edge is well reinforced. Rough handling or repeated
color printing and varnishing are relatively costly, manu
spreading of the access opening to facilitate the insertion
facturers usually avoid such process in the preparation
and removal of a record has a tendency to split the sides
of the paper covering for the back face of the jacket,
of the jacket. One such side has only the decorative 45 and instead, use only printing in a single color and no
paper covering and a single piece of cellophane tape to
varnish. Because of the substantially different treatments
protect against separation of the front and back chip
eifected to the front face covering, as compared with
board members of the jacket, and the opposite side has
the back .face covering, the stresses applied to the chip
only the paper covering and a single thickness of board
board on the front face covering during glue setting,
50 thermal changes, changes in the moisture content of the
which has been weakened by scoring.
In addition to the strength limitations, the prior art
ambient atmosphere, etc., are different than those ap
record jackets suffer from even more signiiicant disad
plied to the chip board on the back face covering. It
vantages. The front and back sheets are tight together
is the unevenness of the stresses applied to the chip board
in the relaxed position and this results in substantial fric
which gives rise to the tendency of the jackets of the
tional interference with insertion and removal of a record 55 prior art to warp.
While the resultant binding along the sides is objection
The record jacket of the present invention solves the
above discussed problems of prior jackets.
more importance is the disadvantage this binding causes
The invention provides a record jacket having its front
to the record manufacturer. Phonograph records are
generally in a paper envelope when they are slid into the 60 and back face members positively held in spaced rela
tion throughout the periphery thereof except for the ac
‘record jacket. The tight iit of the jacket, which is more
opening. The spacing is such as to substantially
pronounced when the jacket is new, makes it diiiicult
reduce the ‘frictional interference ‘between a reco-rd and the
to slide the record and envelope into the jacket, and this
able and quite a nuisance -to the record users, of even
lead-s to a substantial use of an assembler’s time.
jacket during insertion and removal, and it rnake possible
record and envelope have to be wiggled and jostled from 65 the piling of one jacketed record on top of another to
form a stack of substantial height without danger of the
side to side in order to free the envelope from which
stack toppling. In addition, as will -be clear from the
ever point happens to be binding the most at the moment.
description below, the invention provides for a special
A significant number of the paper envelopes are torn
reinforcing of the >sides of the jacket so as to guard against
or wrinkled during assembly and have to be discarded.
Furthermore, after the records have been assembled and 70 warping and to substantially increase the strength of the
shipped by the manufacturer to the retailer, handling by
The primary object of the invention is the provision of
the retailer and by his customers results in the mutila
a phonograph record jacket of unusual strength and warp
There results trimly squared opposite edges of the record
resistance which is constructed so that ‘a record in a paper
jacket, -with each edge provided wit-h a double thickness
of cardboard for extra strength.
Since -the ñanges 20, 21 land 26, 27 are formed by
envelope can with ease be inserted and removed, and
which is capable of being piled, one on top of another,
in a relatively stable stack.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be
clear from the following description taken with the accom
scoring and bending the chip board, the grain of the chip
FIGURE 3 is a broken out plan section, on the scale
stresses set up as a result of moisture or thermal changes.
board in the flanges YWill be at 90° to the grain in the
face sheets 11 ¿and I12. Such orientation of the grain is
of considerable importance in minimizing warpage.
panying’drawings in which--l
When the flanges are ñrmly glued together, the edges of
FIGURE 1 is an isometric view of a record jacket
according to the invention with a record in its paper 10 the jacket are quite strong and stiff and, as mentioned,include grain oriented in a plane substantially at 90° t0
envelope inside the jacket;
the planes of the face sheets of the jacket. Such an
FIGURE 2 is a broken out vertical section, on an en
edge is quite effective in countering or withstanding the
larged scale, „taken on line 2_2 of FIGURE l;
in the paper cove-rings of the front and back of the
of FIGURE 2, taken onl the line ‘3_3 of FIGURE l;
¿FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary section of the upper left
hand corner portion of the jacket of FIGURE l, the
Furthermore, it is clear that the double reinforced
edges of the invention have a markedly increased
strength, as compared with prior types of jackets, to
‘Y FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary .flattened out View of the
portion of the jacket shown in FIGURE 4;
20 withstand banging, jarring, etc. and prevent a record in
>the jacket from cutting through the sides.
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary section of the portion of
As best seen in FIGURES 2 and 4 apertures 28 can
the jacket shown in FIGURE 5, this view showing some
be provided through vthe spine of the jacket adjacent
of the parts folded into assembled position and indicat
the overlapped side wall. Such apertures facilitate the
ing in dash lines the positions assumed vby the other parts
insertion of a holding tool during gluing and pressing of
when 'folded into assembled position; and
view being taken along line 4_4 of FIGURE 3;
the edge flanges.
FIGURE 7 is a diagrammatic edge view, on a reduced
scale, showing the manner in which a record lies within
Attention is now called to an advantageous type of
spine especially well suited for use in the jacket of
the jacket of the invention and indicating the stable stack
ing lfeature of the invention.
the invention.
Such spine 29' consists of a double re
jacket are composed 4ofrquite thin sheet materials, thick
nesses Ihave beenexaggerat'ed substantially in the Vdraw
indicated at `33 in FIGURE 3 is applied between the
overlapping portions of the double reverse fold so that
Turning to the drawings in more detail, it is iirst pointed 30 verse fold of the chip board accomplished along three
score lines 30, 31, and 32, see FIGURE 5. Glue, as
out that, since the various parts of a phonograph record
ings for the sake of clarity.
the spine becomes quite stiff and strong.
As seen in FIGURE 5, the illustrated embodiment of
YThejacket >10 includes a front member 11 and a back
the invention can be made by scoring the chip board
member 12 which are of a size and sha-pe to accommodate
the record 13 therebetween.
The record 13 is encased in a paper envelope 14, which
as indicated at 34 and 35, in addition to the scores 31
and 32 already mentioned. The score 35 is not quite in
line with the score 34 so that, when the flanges 20 and
«is usually rectangular, and is slid edgewise into the jacket
40 21 are folded, the ñange 21 will ñt snugly inside of the
10 through the access opening 15.
flange 20. The central portion 36 is cut away so as to
rIlhe sides 16 and 17 of the jacket are closed, as is the
’form the aptrture 28 after the assembly operation is
bottom or back 18.
As seen in FIGURE 2, a decorative paper covering 19‘
As seen in FIGURE 6, the spine has been folded and
overlays the front faces of the jacket and is »folded over
the edges, except for the access opening '15, and the free 45 formed but the flanges 20 and 21 have not as yet been
folded and joined together. As shown in dash lines,>
edges of the paper covering are folded over against the
flange 21 is adapted to fold to a position substantially
back of the jacket. The Iback is covered by paper cover
at rightv angles to the sheet 12 and will then lie just
ing 19a which overlaps covering 19, as at 19e.
of flange 20, when it is `folded into the position
Considering the top portion of the jacket of FIGURE
shown in dash lines.
2, each of the front `and back members has a ñange bent
over so as to extend toward the other member.
FIGURE 7 is a view of an Iedge of a jacket of the in
vention illustrating how a 4record 13 lies within the jacket.
member 11 has a ñange 20 yand member 12 has a flange
It will be observed in FIGURE 7 that the central por
21, said ilanges «being formed by scoring, as indicated
tion of the record 13 is thicker and lies in surface contact
at 22 Iand 23 respectively, and bending along the score.
with the front and back members of the jacket. Toward
One of the front and ‘back 'members is slightly smaller 55 the edges the record 13 is somewhat thinner and there
than the other member. In the embodiment illustrated,
is a corresponding space within the jacket between the
the smaller one is the member 12, and thus the flange
record and the surface of the adjacent face member.
21 tits neatly within the flange 20 with the faces of the
Since the sides provide for positive spacing of the face
flanges in surface contact.
members at a distance substantially equal to the maxi»
The flange 21 is o-f a Width substantially equal to the 60 mum or central thickness of the record, additional
_maximum thickness of a phonograph record, that is, the
jacketed records, indicated in dot and dash lines at 37
flange 21 projects from member 12 toward member `11
and 38 can readily be stacked on top of the bottom
a distance ‘substantially equal to the `maximum record
jacketed record without thereby developing any tend
thickness. The free end 24 of ñange 21 abuts the surface
ency for the stack of records .to topple to one side or
of member 11 so that the frange 21 serfves as Va `means 65 another.
for accurately spacing the members 11 and 12.
Record jackets are customarily made from ordinary
The free edge 2S of the iìange 20 extends -far enough
chip board of a thickness of .024 inch, which is com
"to cover the member 12 and its flange 21 to maximize
monly referred to as “24 point” chip board. For special
the reinforcement provided and insure a clean and
applications the chip board may be of somewhat greater
squared off edge lfor the record jacket.
70 or flesser thickness. In any case, the flanges formed
The bottom portion of the jacket of FIGURE 2 in
along the sides of the jacket of the invention are made
cludes flanges 26 on member 11 and 27 on member 12
so that the front and back members of the jacket are
which are, in all respects, similar to flanges 20 and 21.
positively spaced a distance substantially equal to the
The ñanges 20 and 21 are glued to each other and
maximum thickness of the record.
the flanges 26 and 27 are similarly glued to each` other. 75
Since the usual phonograph record is .070 inch thick,
the 24 -point board, when formed into a double reverse
member portions thereof into face-to-face relation, said
folded spine of the kind illustrated, results in a spine
folding of the sheet providing a spine along one edge of
which holds the front and back members apart a dis
the jacket, said spine being in the form of a double reverse
tance somewhat less than -that maintained by the side
fold of the chipboard-like material with the overlapping
flanges of the invention. However, ease of insertion
portions of said ldouble reverse fold bonded permanently
and removal of a record in its envelope are insured,
together, said front land back members being permanently
even though the spine is so constructed, because of the
joined together in positive spaced relation to each other
fact that any >binding tendency during insertion and re~
substantially along the entire length of the opposite edges
moval takes place with respect to the sides of the jacket
on each side ‘of said spine, the space between the inner
rather than with respect to the back edge of the jacket. 10 faces of said front and back members along the edge
However, if it is desired to maintain the spacing of the
thereof remote from said `spine comprising an `access
front and back jacket members at a distance substantially
opening for the edgewise insertion and removal of the
equal to the thickness of the record throughout three
record into and from said jacket, each member including
sides of the jacket, this can be accomplished either by
a llange substantially perpendicular to the member and
utilizing chip board of somewhat greater thickness or by
substituting for the spine illustrated a spine composed
of a single thicker strip of chip board, or by incorporat
ing in the spine illustrated a supplementary separate
strip of chip board.
extending toward the other member which flange extends
substantially throughout the length of said two positively
spaced opposite edges, said ilanges being formed by scor
ing and bending the edge portions of the sheet, one of Said
members being of greater dimension between said two
From the foregoing, it can be seen that the jacket 20 opposite edges than the other of said members so that,
of the invention overcomes all of the above discussed
when the members are assembled together, the ilanges on
disadvantages of prior types of jacket.
one member lie outside of and in surface contact with the
The jacket of the invention avoids pinching or bind
ing .the edges of the record along the sides of the jacket
outer surface of the flanges on the other member, the in
board ñanges being of Width not less than and substan
and thereby insures ease of record insertion and removal. 25 tially equal to T and the free edge of each `of said inboard
This results in a substantial saving of labor costs and also
flanges abutting the inner face surface of the other mem
avoids ripping or creasing of the paper record envelopes.
ber to maintain the ymembers yspaced apart a distance at
Jackets made according to the invention have opposite
least as great as and substantially equal to T, the inner
sides of a thickness which is uniform and substantially
ilanges and outer tlanges being permanently bonded to
the same as the thickness of the jacketed record near 30 gether to provide permanent double thickness edge walls
the central area and this makes possible the successful
for the record jacket which edge Walls include bonding
stacking of numerous jacketed records in a firm and
perpendicular to the planes of the front and back members,
stable stack.
The double reinforcement along the sides of the jacket of
the invention guards against record damage by minimizing
the chance that the record can cut through the side Walls.
The extra strength of the sides `also substantially elimi
whereby to substantially eliminate any tendency for the
jacket to warp.
nates the problem of warping of the record jacket.
I claim:
The combination of a phonograph record and a jacket 40
therefor, said record being of diameter D and maximum
thickness T, said jacket comprising a front member and
a back member each of which is substantially square and
has a minimum side dimension at least as great as and
substantially equal to D, said front and back members 45
being both formed from a single sheet of chipboard-like
material, said single sheet of chipboard-like material be
ing substantially rectangular and including transverse
scoring centrally of the length thereof, said sheet being
folded along said scoring to bring the front and back 50
References Cited in the ille of this patent
Bartelmez ___________ __ Oct. 23, 1900
Scharling ____________ __ May 21, 1929
Shaffer _______________ __ Feb. 8,
Woodruff _____________ __ Feb. 3,
Loderhose ____________ __ Apr. 5,
Chaplin ______________ __ Oct. 24,
Sohosky _____________ __ Apr. 10, 1962
Great Britain _________________ __ 1907
Great Britain __________ __ July 9, 1931
Great Britain __________ __ Apr. 5, 1949
Great Britain __________ __ June 15, 1955
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