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Патент USA US3061846

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Nov. 6, 1962
J. G. MACKECHNIE
IMPROVEMENTS IN TICKET FEEDING APPARATUS
FOR HAND STAPLING MACHINES
Filed April 3, 1961
3,061,336
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
__,________
___.
INVENTOR
m5 6. MAC/(lCHA/E
ATTORNEYS
Nov. 6, 1962
J. G. MACKECHNIE
IMPROVEMENTS IN TICKET FEEDING APPARATUS
FOR HAND STAPLING MACHINES
Filed April 3, 1961
3,061,836
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR
JAMLS a. MACKlCHN/E
BY
4 72m!
ATTORNEY?
Nov. 6, 1962
J. G. MACKECHNIE
3,061,836
IMPROVEMENTS IN TICKET FEEDING APPARATUS‘
FOR HAND STAPLING MACHINES
Filed ‘April 3. 1961
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
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mmvron.
JAMES a. MAC/(ECHNIE
BY
4 71m!
ATTORNEYS '
53,61,836
Fatented Nov. 6, 1962
i
2
3,041,836
spring is at 24 and an elevating spring is at 26. Spring
26 is caught at one end on the lever pivot pin at 20 with
EERQVEMENTS m TIQKET FEEDING APPARA
TUS FQR HAND STAPLING MAQHETES
James G. Mackeehnie, 1 Overioak Wa ,
a midsection thereof resting on the clincher arm and
bearing at its other end against the underside of the maga
zine. The end of the magazine sliding cover is seen at 28
and as will be recognized is manipulated in known fashion
to insert a supply of staples in the magazine.
As the stapler is grasped in the hand after the manner
This invention relates to hand stapling machines of
of a pair of pliers, the lever can be raised to bring the
the so-called plier type in which driver and clincher arm 10 clincher arm, and an anvil (not shown) at the end 30 of
assemblies are relatively movable to drive and clinch a
the arm, toward the magazine assembly. The clincher
staple to an article or articles presented thereto.
arm then forces the magazine upwardly against a driver
In my earlier ?led application, Serial No. 856,294, ?led
(not shown) at the end of arm 10 to drive a staple from
Winchester, Mass.
Filed Apr. 3, 1961, Ser. No. 109,207
2 Ciaims. (Cl. 1-49)
November 30, 1959, now Patent No. 2,996,720, issued
the magazine through the material of an article placed
August 21, 1961, is disclosed a tag or ticket feeding and 15 over the end 30 and in the conventional fashion clinches
folding mechanism or attachment especially adapted for
the staple on the anvil. The springs 24 and 26 serve to
incorporation in a plier type hand stapler. The mecha
return the parts to the position of FIG. 1 whereupon an
nism is operable to feed, fold and insert the endmost ticket
article can be removed with the staple ?xed to it.
of a ticket strip between the driver and clincher arms of
The invention as shown in the drawings has been in
the stapler for a?ixing the ticket to an article. The mecha 20 corporated in the assembly of a plier type stapler as
nism further operates so that when the stapling operation
generally described above. Brie?y, there is added to the
is carried out, the folded ticket is automatically severed
stapler a saddle type bracket 31, ?xed by screws 32 to the
from the end of the strip and the next succeeding ticket
driver arm and on which is carried a ticket guiding and
of the strip is advanced into position for the next stapling
feeding channel generally designated by numeral 34, and
operation.
25 a feeding and folding arm 36 pivoted on a pivot screw 32’
The primary object of this invention is to provide an
also ?xing bracket 31 to the driver arm 10; a ticket roll
improved device for holding a ticket strip supply for use
housing 38 having an exit at 49 for a strip of tickets there
with ticket folding and stapling apparatus such as dis
on to feed through to channel 34, the casing 38 being
closed in my earlier ?led application, referred to above.
removably mounted on a bracket 42 ?xed in any suitable
The particular novelty of the invention and the above 30 manner (not shown) to the driver arm at the far side of
and other objects and advantages of the same will be
FIG. 1; and a ticket advancing arm 44 ?xed at 46 (see
apparent from the following description.
FIG. 3) to the clincher arm, the arm 44 extending up
In the drawings:
wardly to cooperate with the channel 34 to advance the
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of a hand stapler having the
strip of tickets therein as will be later described.
mechanism of the present invention mounted thereon, the 35
Preferably the tickets adapted for use in the device are
strip of tickets not being shown;
as shown by FIG. 4. In roll form the strip of tickets is
FIG. 2 on an enlarged scale is a front elevational view
mounted on the spindle of the casing 38 with the free end
of the device, with parts cut away, as viewed from the left
of the roll passing through the exit 40 above the guide
of FIG. 1;
channel 34. The line of separation between each ticket
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary side elevational view of the 40 5% of the roll is a scored or weakened transverse line 52
device of FIG. 1 on an enlarged scale with parts shown
so that the endmost free end ticket may be readily severed
from the strip. Each ticket is also provided with a cen
FIG. 4 is a plan view showing a pair of tickets from a
tral aperture or hole 54 for ticket advancing purposes and
roll strip such as may be used in the device of FIG. 1;
laterally at each edge of a hole 54 are aligned weakened
45
FIGS. 5, 6 and 7 are views similar to that of FIG. 3
lines 56 defining a mid fold line for embracing the edge
showing various stages of operation of the device in
of a ?at article or encircling an article of a linear character
stapling a ticket to a ?at article;
such as wire, etc.
,
FIG. 8 is a sectional view of line VIII—VIII of FIG. 5;
The device as generally described operates as follows:
FIG. 9 is a perspective view showing a ticket stapled
The strip of tickets at the beginning of a stapling opera
in section;
to an article;
FIG. 10 is a side elevational view of an alternative
embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 11 is a partial sectional view, on an enlarged
tion extends from the housing 38 through the channel 34
(FIG. 5) to position the hole 54 of an endmost ticket in
a predetermined position opposite the spacing between
the driver and clincher arm assemblies.
The endmost
scale, of the embodiment shown in FIG. 10;
ticket is caught along lines 56 by the arm 36, a projection
FIG. 12 is a section taken along line XII-XII of FIG. 55 112 of the arm 36 ?tting into the hole 54. The arm 36
10, and
is then swung manually between the arms of the staple
FIG. 13 is a section taken along line XIII-XIII of
carrying the partially folded ticket therebetween, as shown
FIG. 11.
in FIG. 6. At the same time the arm pulls a portion of
Illustrated in FIG. 1 is a commercial form of hand
the ticket strip downwardly from the channel to a position
stapler with the device of this present invention mounted 60 in which the trailing tear line 52 of the endmost ticket is
on it. The stapler by itself is a well known piece of equip
located, slightly below edge 62 of the channel. When
ment and will be recognized in the trade as a “Bostitch”
released, the arm 36 is returned by its spring 58 to its
plier-type stapler identi?ed under model designation “P6
FIG. 5 position, the ticket remaining between the stapler
Plier.” Essentially the stapler unit comprises a driver
arm in substantially the same relative position shown in
arm assembly indicated at 10; a clincher arm assembly 65 FIG. 6. The lines 56 are scored so that once creased, a
at 12 (pivoted relative to the driver arm at 14); a maga
ticket will remain in its creased condition. It might also
zine assembly at 16 (also pivoted at 14 relative to the
be noted that the outer end of the creased ticket roll lies
driver arm and clincher arm); and an operating lever
against the tip of clincher arm 12 and a slight frictional
at 18. Lever 18 is pivoted intermediate its ends at 2%
70 drag here assists in keeping the creased ticket in the
to the clincher arm and at its inner end is hooked over a
FIG. 6 position. On return of the arm 36, the operator
pin at 22 ?xed in the driver arm. A magazine cover
then merely places the edge of a garment or other article
,
W
,
3,061,886
3
4
-
v
to be tagged between the ticket halves and operates the
to the bottom of the upper extension of the plate for re~
stapler in conventional manner.
ceiving the advancing hook or projection 64.
As shown by FIG. 7, the edge of an article 60 which
Against the raised edges 78 at the sides of the recessed
has been inserted between the arms is thus tagged as the
plate portion the front plate 72 is fastened as by the
driver and clincher arms are brought together. Relative
screws 80 to overlie both the upper and lower portions
movement between the clincher and driver arms from the
of the rear plate. The front plate 72 is also provided
position of FIG. 6 to the position of FIG. 7 causes the
with a central longitudinal slot 82, registered with the
following interaction of the various elements of the I
slot 76 for receiving book 64 as it ?ts through ticket
device.
holes 54. Below slot 82 is a leaf spring 84 riveted cen~
As for severing the end ticket, the clincher arm 12 10 trally to the plate 72 at its upper end and at its lower
?rst moves toward the driver arm 10 until the halves of
end has the “check” projection 66 ?xed to it and extend
the partially folded end ticket are pressed ?atly on op
ing through an opening 86 of plate 72 for contact with
posite surfaces at the edge of the article 66. At this
tickets passing through the guide. As seen in FIG. 3,
stage the clincher 12 has moved towards the driver arm
the lower section of the rear plate is formed with an
10 suf?ciently to bear against the magazine 16 and would 15 apron 88 to insure engagement of the projection 66 with
be substantially in the relative position shown by full
the ticket hole.
lines in FIG. 7. As the ticket is being applied to an
It will be further noted that the lower attaching screws
article, travel of the stapler arms from the dotted to the
83 are provided with spacers 96 (FIG. 3) for greater
full line position of FIG. 7 causes the ticket strip to be
separation of the plates at the bottom end of the upper
reversibly folded over the edge 62 of the guide channel.
plate portions for cooperation with the advancing pro
Simultaneously upward movement of the clincher arm
jection or hook 6d.
12. moves the arm 44 upwardly. A projection 64 carried
The advancing book 64 is formed as a lug on a slid
by arm 44 frictionally engages the ticket strip and holds
ing piece 92 (FIGS. 3 and 7) having a. reduced shoulder
or restrains the strip against downward movement. The
at §4 to slide up and down in the slot 76. A stem of
upward movement of the stapler arms and restraining
piece 92 extends through the inturned end 45 of advanc
action of projection 64 thus cause the ticket strip to be
ing arm 44. A spring £36 around the stem holds the slide
severed, or pulled apart, along the separation line 52,
92 yieldingly pressed rearwardly against the recessed in
which as described above, is located approximately at
ner surface 74, the spring being seated against the end
the edge 62 of the guide channel. The ticket size is re
45 and a cap $8 threaded on the stem. Thus a proper
lated to the parts of the device so that doubling back of 30 sliding ?t of the slide $2 during its travel back and forth
the strip over the edge 62 occurs approximately at the
in the slot is assured and adjustment of spring tension
weakened transverse separation line 52 of a ticket.
may be had to compensate for any chance frictional bind
As the stapled ticket is torn from the strip the next
ing of the slide 92 or inturned end 45 against the plate
succeeding endmost ticket is positioned with its leading
surfaces.
edge at the exit end of the guide channel as shown in
As will be seen from FIG. 5 and FIG. 8, the hook 64
FIG. 7. However, the projection 64 has been carried
engages the lower edge of a ticket hole 54 while the
by arm 44 from the position shown in FIG. 6 upwardly
to the position shown by FIG. 7 where the projection 64
longitudinal half portions laterally thereof are ?exed for
in detail.
the projection being received by the slot 82. Subsequent
wardly by the underlying buttons located as at 100 in
engages the hole 54 of the ticket above the now endmost
the lower section of the recessed groove 74 (see also FIG.
ticket of the strip. As the stapler arms are allowed to 40 6). The ?exing action of the buttons 100 on the ticket
return to the FIG. 5 position, the projection 64 advances
imparts a stiifness to the ticket in the area of the hook
the ticket strip to bring the endmost ticket into position
engagement with the ticket hole. Thus when the hook
for folding over the arm 36, as described above and
engages the hole at the top of its stroke, as in FIG. 7,
initiating a succeeding stapling operation.
and advances the strip downwardly to the position of
It will also be noted after the folding arm has inserted 45 FIG. 5, the stiffness imparted to the ticket prevents any
the endmost ticket in partially folded condition between
chance disengagement of the hook from the hole 54.
the arms, a ticket holding projection 66 engages a ticket
It will be realized that the greater separation of the
hole 54 and prevents reverse upward movement of the
plates 7!} and 72 by spacers 90 at the bottom of the re
strip as the moving projection 64 bears against the ticket
cessed portion 74 is provided to enable the strip to ad
in its upward travel from the position of FIG. 6 to that
vance (on manipulation of the rocker arm 36) and be
of FIG. 7. The frictional rubbing movement of projec
drawn over the hook during the feeding operation of
tion 64 against the back of the ticket, which holds the
inserting the partially folded end ticket between the driver
strip during the severing operation, might otherwise cause
and clincher (FIG. 5 to FIG. 6). The increased spacing
a reverse travel of the strip such that the projection 64
between the plates at this point enables the ticket to be
would fail to engage a ticket hole for subsequently ad
deflected outwardly by the beveled upper surface of the
vancing the strip.
projecting hook 64 as the latter is drawn over it. More
In broad outline the tickets 50 of the strip supply may
over, as the hook 64 moves upwardly, it extends further
thus be successively stapled at the edges of a series of
into the slot 82 and presses against the ticket strip to
articles. The tickets may bear any desired indicia as con
hold it against downward movement as the endmost tick
secutive numbering and varying colors to accommodate 60 et is torn olf by the upward movement of the stapler
any system of identi?cation which might be used. The
arms. As the ticket is severed, the projection 64 extends
various elements of the structure will now be described
through a hole 54 in the ticket strip, the outer end of
The ticket strip guide means designated generally by
the numeral 34 is formed by a rear plate 70 and an over
downward movement of the book 64 advances the ticket
65 strip as described above.
lying front plate 72 attached to it. Rear plate 70 is, in
Insofar as the stationary projection 66 is concerned,
it will readily be seen from FIG. 5 that the mounting
the construction shown, an integral part of the bracket
of this projection on leaf spring 84 means that forward
31, attachment arm plates lying at each side of the driver
movement of the ticket strip may readily push the pro
arm assembly 10, these arms being directed rearwardly
at each side of the plate 70 and ?xed by the mounting 70 jection out of the way and that the :leaf spring may
be of a strength to merely return the projection toward
screws 32. In the upper portion of plate 70 which stands
upwardly of the driver arm, a recessed ticket groove
the apron 88 so as to engage a hole 54 for holding
purposes only. Thus, projection 66 causes no excessive
74 is formed (FIG. 8) to receive the ticket strip (see also
drag or rubbing action on the ticket.
FIG. 2) and guide the same. Centrally of the groove is
an elongated slot 76 extending substantially from the top 75 The feeding and folding rocker 36 is provided with
3,061,836
5
arms straddling the driver arm and pivoted on the screws
32' as best seen in FIG. 2. A folding bar 110 connects
the arms adjacent the outer end of the rocker and cen
trally of the bar is the projection 57 for engaging the
hole of the endmost ticket to pull the strip downwardly
from the channel While inserting the endmost ticket be
6
slot 158 opening at the lower end of the channel and
providing means for receiving and accommodating the
reciprocating movement of the slide 92 (FIGS. 11 and
12) which is driven by the movement of the stapler arm
12 and arm 4-4 in the manner previously described above.
The construction and operation of the slide 92 is gen
tween the stapler arms as shown in FIG. 6. Bridged
erally the same as the slide 92 shown in FIG. 8 and
across the top of the arms is a stop bar 114 which as
like reference numerals are used to designate similar
best seen in FIG. 6 serves to contact the end face at
parts. The channel includes grooves 159‘ for receiving
30 of the clincher arm to limit the travel of the rocker 10 the side edges of an ‘upstanding plate 160 mounted on the
and position the partially folded end ticket in the proper
stapler. The slide 92 extends through a slot 161 in
relationship between the stapler ‘arms.
the plate 160, this slot 161 being registered with the
The amount of clearance necessary between the end
channel slot 158.
30‘ and the edge 62 is suf?cient to easily accommodate
A recess 162 is provided in the outer wall 150 of the
the material of an article during a stapling operation 15 channel in spaced opposed relation to the slots 158 and
without damage to the article. It will be realized that
161. The recess 162 is disposed and dimensioned to
articles with materials of varying thicknesses will be
register with the holes 54 of the ticket strip and to receive
stapled when using the device for tagging garments for
the hook or lug 64 which extends from the face of
identi?cation purposes. Accordingly, the amount of
the slide 92. The channel 144 is tapered from bottom
clearance will normally be that su?icient to properly 20 to top, that is, the distance between the outer and inner
handle the thickest material which might be presented
walls decreases so the lug 64- extends into the recess 162
to the device. If by chance the end ticket is not auto—
as the slide 92 travels upwardly in the channel. This
matically completely severed, the rocker '36 can be actu
is seen by the broken line position of the slide 92 in
ated to bring the stop bar 114 down against the end of
FIG. 11. The taper insures engagement of the lug 64
the clincher arm (as in FIG. 6 and with the edge of the 25 in holes 54 of the ticket strip so that the strip is auto
stapled article extending below the end 30). The lower
matically advanced by downward movement of the slide
edge of the bar 114 provides a cutting edge for tearing
92 in response to movement of arm 12. As described
of the stapled ticket while at the same time the rocker
above, this arrangement automatically advances the free
36 feeds the next ticket between the stapler arms.
end of the strip to a position adjacent the ends of the
For tagging articles such as wire, plant stems, and 30 stapler jaws for successive operation thereof. Projec
other articles of a similarly small diameter, the clincher
tions or raised portions 163 of the wall 150‘, disposed on
arm may furthermore be modi?ed by providing a slight
both sides of the recess 162, hold the ticket outwardly
depression transversely of the arm, as shown at 120 in
of the outer channel wall 150 to further insure engage
the various views. It will be appreciated that clearance
ment of the lug 64 with a ticket hole 54. As a result
is thus provided for a proper stapling operation and that 35 of the channel taper at its lower position the lug is
the ticket will then be wrapped around this type of
sufficiently spaced from the outer wall to enable the
article. The depression may, of course, be of various
ticket strip to be easily drawn over the beveled upper
dimensions to accommodate different articles for tagging
surface of the lug. Buttons 176 (FIG. 12) extend from
and may be furthermore selectively located to provide a
the surface of the plate 160 on both sides of the lower
tight or loose wrap of the identifying ticket.
position of the slide 92 and together with the beveled
Illustrated in FIGS. 10-13 is the preferred form of
upper surface of the lug prevent the strip from catch
apparatus embodying the invention. The apparatus
ing or binding on the lug.
shown comprises an integral magazine 118 removably
Also, because of the taper of the channel, the lug
mounted on a stapler 120 of the type described above.
in its upward travel approaches the outer Wall portion
The magazine 118 comprises a rotatable spool 122 on 45 of the recess 162 frictionally engaging the ticket strip.
which is wound a roll of tickets in strip ‘form. The spool
The frictional engagement as described above holds the
122 has a radically projecting key 123 which is provided
ticket strip as the endmost ticket is stapled and severed
to engage a mating keyway in a driving spindle ‘for re
from the strip. That is, the lug 64 holds the ticket
loading the magazine. Side walls 124 and v126 and a
against downward movement, while the jaws of the
peripheral wall 128 provide a housing for securely hold
stapler pull the strip upwardly around the lower edge of
ing the ticket roll and protecting the tickets against dam
the plate 160.
r
age, soiling and the like. A slot 130' in the peripheral
The projection 155 is disposed directly below the lower
wall enables reeling and unreeling of the ticket strip 132
end of the recess 160 for preventing upward movement
from the spool. A base 136 extends from the lower
of the strip during a stapling operation caused by the
surface of the magazine for mounting on the stapler and 55 frictional engagement of the upwardly moving lug 64
includes a projection which ?ts into the stapler loading
against the surface of the ticket strip.
slot as at 138. A stud 140 extends from the side wall
The plate 160 is secured to the frame of the stapler
124 of the magazine and includes a notch for receiving
by means of screws 164- which extend through spaced
a loop on the end of a spring 142 which releasably holds
opposed plate portions 166 ?tted around the end of the
the magazine in place on the stapler for quick and easy 60 stapler frame. The plate 161} extends upwardly of the
mounting and removal of the magazine on the stapler.
frame and is dimensioned to ?t within the grooves 159
Extending tangentially from the magazine is a channel
of the channel 144. The lower end portion of the plate
144 ‘for guiding the ticket strip to a position adjacent
extends downwardly from the frame providing a member
the stapler arm or jaw 12 and magazine 16. The chan
having a snubbing edge 168‘ disposed outwardly and
nel is de?ned by an outer wall 150 (FIG. 111) and inner 65 slightly above the end of the stapler magazine 16. When
Wall 152. The outer wall extends downwardly of the
the strip is folded around the edge 168 and the end
lower end of the channel providing an extension or
ticket inserted between the stapler jaws, there is a ten
tongue 154. On the inner surface of the extension 154
dency for the strip to be bowed outwardly. The ex
is a stationary projection 155 for engaging holes in the
tension 154 is concavely curved to insure that a ticket
ticket strip after the manner of projection 66 of the 70 strip hole 54 receives the projection 155 when the end
ticket is positioned between the stapler jaws by the fold
previously described structure. A slot 156 at the upper
ing arm 36.
end of the channel is provided for receiving the free end
of the ticket strip drawn from the spool through the
The ‘folding arm 136 is generally the same as shown
slot 1301 in the peripheral wall of the magazine.
in FIG. 1. The arm is pivotably mounted on the staple
The inner wall 152 of the channel is provided with a 75 frame. A spring 170 having one end ?tted on a screw
3,061,836
7
8
172 which extends ‘from the arm 36,‘ and the other end
?tted on a screw 174 which extends from the plate 166,
holds the arm in its retracted position, such as shown
in FIG. ll. The screw 172 extends through the arm
extends into said recess in the upper portion of its travel
for engagement with said ticket strip, and at its lower
‘limit of travel said member being sui?ciently spaced from
said outer wall to enable said strip to be withdrawn from
said channel.
2. A magazine ‘for a strip ticket supply and feeding
mechanism of a stapler unit having an upstanding plate
and projecting reciprocable means associated therewith to
advance along the plate, during the stapling operation, a
36 su?‘iciently to engage the edge of the staple frame,
acting as a stop for the arm 36. In general, the folding
arm operates in the same manner as arm 36, described
with reference to FIG. 1.
After positioning the end" ticket between the stapler
jaws and inserting the article to be tagged between the
ticket ‘halves, the stapling operation may be carried out
strip of tickets having longitudinally spaced holes for
engagement by said reciprocable means so as to place
as described above. As the jaw 12 moves upwardly to
a position approximately such as shown in FIG. 7, the
the end ticket of the strip in position for a ticket en
gaging operation; said magazine comprising a housing
for containing tickets in strip form, exit channel Walls
strip is reversibly folded around the snubbing edge of
plate 160 and as described above, the end ticket is sep
arated from the strip along the separation line 52 lo
cated approximately at the edge 168.
15 extending from said housing and having means for re
ceiving said plate with one of said walls de?ning there
with an enclosed guideway for the ticket strip, said one
wall having a longitudinal recess in which said project
ing means may be received and adjacent the end of said
1. Ticket magazine for a ticket stapler and severing 20 one wall a projection for engaging the edge of a hole
mechanism comprising a spool for housing a roll of
in a ticket strip and preventing reverse motion thereof
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed 1
is.
,
tickets in strip form, means for removably attaching
during the stapling operation.
said magazine to said stapler, a tapered channel extend
ing tangentially from said spool and integral therewith
‘for guiding said ticket strip to a position adjacent the 25
ends of the arms of said stapler, said channel including
a slot opening through the inner wall thereof to receive
a ticket feeding member movable in response to move
ment of one of said stapler arms, the outer wall of said
channel ‘being provided with a recess disposed in spaced 30
opposed relation to said slot for receiving said ticket
feeding member, said channel being tapered in cross
section from bottom to top so that said feeding member
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
529,502
2,438,712
2,720,650
Livermore __________ __ Nov. 20, 1894
Lindstrom __________ __ Mar. 30‘, 1948
Braun ______________ __ Oct. 18, 1955
2,912,697
Westbrook __________ __ Nov. 17, 1959
769,545
Great Britain ____' ____ __ Mar. 6, 1957
FOREIGN PATENTS
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