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Патент USA US3062130

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Nov. 6, 1962
1.. HENNEBERGER
3,062,125
VENTILATQRS
Filed March 28, 1960
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INVENTOR.
Leo Henneberger
> BY
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ATTORNEYS
Nov. 6, 1962
3,062,125
1.. HENNEBERGER
VENTILATORS
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
Filed Marbh 28, 1960
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INVENTOR.
Leo Henneberger
Nov. 6, 1962
3,062,125
L. HENNEBERGER
VENTILATORS
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
Filed March 28, 1960
INVENTOR.
Leo Hen neberger
BY
621/172 ado/2M9, f $798111,
ATTORNEYS
ice
3,062,125
Patented Nov. 76, 1952
2
prises a base or supporting frame indicated at 10, a hous
ing 11 and a ba?le 12, all preferably formed of a gener
3,062,125
ally rigid but locally ?exible or bendable material such as
VENTILATORS
Leo Henneberger, 146 Division Ave., Massapequa, N.Y.
Filed Mar. 23, 1960, Ser. No. 17,992
12 Claims. (Cl. 98-37)
linear polyethylene or the like.
Base 10 includes an outer wall 13, an inner wall which
forms an air conduit 14 open at its upper and lower ends
and a bottom wall 15, FIGURE 6, including radial arms
The present invention relates to ventilators.
16a between drain openings 16. A removable cap 17 ?ts
Known types of ventilators commonly employed under
into the outer(lower) end opening of conduit 14- when
conditions which subject them to heavy winds and rain
the ventilator is not in use. Said base is provided with
are defective to the extent that they do not adequately pro 10 downwardly projecting bosses 18 having holes 22 to re
vide against ?ooding or leakage of water through the ven
ceive screws 19, or the like, by which the base 10‘ is se
tilator in driving rain. For some purposes, as for ven
cured, as to a deck 20, FIGURES 1 and 2, with the outer
tilating small craft, available devices are excessively costly
or lower end of conduit 14 extending into a hole or open
and involve undue trouble and expense in installation.
ing 21 through said deck 20, thus permitting free move
Also, they are unnecessarily complex and diflicult to main 15 ment of air between the interior of the housing 11 and the
tain in working condition.
'
interior of a cabin, or other enclosed space covered by
An object of the present invention has been to provide
deck 20. An annular groove 23 in the face of each'boss
a directionally adjustable ventilating device which can be
18, FIGURE 8, carries a gasket 24 or suitable packing
made to advantage from rugged but relatively lightweight 20 which seals off the holes 22 in a manner to prevent leak
material, such as linear polyethylene, and which is so con
age therefrom into the opening 21, as Well ‘as leakage into
structed that it can be securely mounted in operative po
the screw holes in deck 20.
sition and can maintain effective ventilation without
‘To further minimize leakage into the deck opening 21,
?ooding or Water leakage under extreme Wind, sea and
base 10 is provided at its under side with downwardly
rain conditions. It has also been an object of my inven 25 projecting radially spaced sealing ridges or ribs 25, 26
tion to provide component parts of a ventilator which can
Whose sealing surfaces are in effect continuous with the
be assembled and disassembled practically without tools
under surfaces of bosses 18. Thus, when base 10 is se
and can be securely mounted in any desired operative po
cured ?rmly to deck 20, the under surfaces of said bosses
sition with comparative ease. Other objects and bene?cial
18 and said ridges 25, 26 are pressed into close contact
aspects of this invention will be apparent from the de 30 with portions of the outer deck surface, thus in effect
scription and the accompanying drawings.
spacing bottom wall 15 from underlying opposed portions
An embodiment of my invention comprises in general
a base having a bottom wall an outer wall and an inner
of said deck and providing a continuous seal around deck
opening 21. It is contemplated that water discharging out
of housing 11 through the drain holes 16 in bottom wall
wall spaced inwardly from the outer wall, said bottom
wall being provided with drain openings and said inner 35 15 will thus be prevented from entering through opening
wall forming an air conduit open at its inner and outer
21 into a cabin or like enclosure even though rain or sea
ends. A housing having perforations in a lateral wall
may be forced through perforations in housing 11 along
portion is releasably mounted on and in position to sub
with air for ventilation.
stantially enclose the base and is rotatable to different
Housing 11 is provided with means which co-act with
angular positions of adjustment in relation thereto. A 40 means on base 10 to releasably and rotatably retain or in
ba?le is operatively mounted in the housing between said
terlock said housing on said base. Thus, as seen in FIG
perforations in its wall and the open air inlet end of the
URE 3, wall 13 of base 10 has peripheral ?ange means
air conduit and is adapted for hand manipulation through
27 arranged and adapted to interlock with shoulders 28
the outlet end opening of the conduit to turn the housing
at the inner ends of spaced lugs having inclined faces 29.
to and from different operative positions of angular ad 45 Opposite and spaced from shoulders 28, the housing 11
justment. Where said component parts are made of linear
also provides seating means, as shoulder 30 for the upper
polpethylene, or material having equivalent physical prop
(FIGURE 3) edge of wall 13 when the base and the hous
erties, they are adapted for snap-on assembly of the hous
ing are assembled. Where said parts have local ?exibility,
ing with the base and with the baf?e.
as when formed of linear polyethylene, outer edge por
An embodiment of my invention is illustrated in the 50 tions of ?ange 27, in assembling, ride in yielding‘condi- \
drawings accompanying this speci?cation and wherein:
tion along the inclined faces 29 until the under edge of
FIGURE 1 is a front elevation with portions shown in
?ange 27 comes opposite shoulders 28 where ?ange 27
transverse vertical section;
snaps into place between said shoulders 28 and said bear
FIGURE 2, a side elevation showing the air conduit
ing or stop surface or means 30. With this interlock,
55 housing 11 is retained securely but releasably on base 10
cap removed;
FIGURE 3, a vertical section on the line 3—3 of FIG
' URE 1;
FIGURE 4, a horizontal section on the line 4-—-4 of
FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 5, a bottom plan of the housing as viewed
from the line 5—5, FIGURE 3, with parts broken away
and a portion in horizontal section;
and is free to be rotated thereon, as hereinafter described.
A lateral wall portion \of housing 11 is provided with
perforations, as ventilating slits 31 between slats 32 ar
ranged approximately vertioally, ‘as viewed in FIGURE 1,
and slightly inclined toward the central vertical axis of
the housing, as seen in FIGURE 2.
It is contemplated that the aggregate opening area of
said slits will be less than that of the drain openings
6-6, FIGURE 3, of the base member with the conduit
65 16 in bottom wall 15 of base 10', so that, when the venti
closing cap removed;
FIGURE 7, a fragmentary view in perspective on en
lator ships water, the incoming volume will always be
larged scale showing interengaging connecting means be
less than the drainage capacity of drains or scuppers 16
tween the housing and a portion of the ba?ie; and
and thereby avoid ?ooding unto conduit 14. As seen-in
FIGURE 6, a bottom plan as viewed from the line
~FIGURE 8, a fragmentary view on enlarged scale in
FIGURES 2 and 5, the slats or bars 32 are arranged with
-70 their bottom end portions disposed-substantially in a
. Referring to the drawings, and, as more clearly shown
transverse bend arching forwardly ‘so that the middle
in FIGURE 3, a ventilator embodying my invention com
section on the line 8—8 of FIGURE 6.~
,
.
3,062,125
3
or longer bars are more inclined than the shorter or
end bars.
The above described arrangement of the slits and bars,
provides adequate air passage while effectively intercept
ing and de?ecting foreign bodies, insects and the like,
from the inlet openings or slits 3-1 in housing 11.
The baffle ‘12 may also be sprung or snapped into as
sembled operative position in housing 11 between slits
31 and the upper end opening of conduit 14.
As seen
4
and said upper open end of said air conduit and spaced
from said perforations and from said upper open end and
with its peripheral edge spaced substantially uniformly
from opposed inner surface portions of said peripheral
wall of said housing, said baf?e being arranged in said
housing and adapted to de?ect Water admitted thereto
through said perforations away from said upper open end
of the air conduit and toward said water drainage open
in FIGURES 3 and 4, baf?e 12 is in the form of an arched 10
ings in the bottom wall of said base.
2. Ventilator according to claim 1 and wherein said
baf?e is a domed plate arranged with peripheral edge
a notch 35, FIGURE 7, at its outer end edge.
from the upper open end of said air conduit.
or flatly conicalplate having a central de?ecting portion
33 provided with peripheral radial arms 34 each having
To re
tain said baf?e in operative position, housing 11. has lugs
36 each with a key portion 37 shaped and proportioned
to ?t snugly in a notch 35. Spaced lugs 38 also extend
inwardly from interior surface portions of housing 11
in position to afford bearing shoulders for outer and under
surface portions of arms 34. As seen in FIGURE 7,
the under faces of lugs 38 are inclined so that, in as- -
sembling, the arm ends will ride yieldingly thereon and
snap into locking position when the end edge portions
thereof are advanced into position to rest or bear on
the shoulders 33. It is evident that the parts hereinabove
described, when vassembled, provide an effective inter
lock which ensures against accidental displacement in
any direction of the baf?e 12 from its operative posi
tion in the housing 11.
Baf?e 12 also has a rib 39‘ which not only reinforces
portions extending radially beyond and spaced axially
3. Ventilator according to claim 1 and wherein said
lateral perforated portion of the housing wall is arched
in cross sectional contour and inclined at an angle to
the central vertical axis of the housing, said wall portion
being provided with perforations in the form of slits
formed between parallel slats.
4. Ventilator according to claim 1 and wherein the
baf?e plate is provided at its under side with a hand hold
extending toward and ‘accessible for manual operation
through the lower end ‘opening of said air conduit, and
is arranged and adapted to be actuated to eifect rotation
of the housing in relation to the base to and from dif
ferent operative angular positions.
5. Ventilator according to claim 1 and wherein the
effective discharge area of the drainage openings is greater
than the effective water passing area of the air passage
the central de?ecting plate 33 but also provides a ?nger 30 perforations in the Wall of the housing.
grip accessible through conduit 14 by means of which
6. Ventilator according to claim 1 and wherein said
turning or rotating movement can be manually imparted
base is provided with sealing means which includes a
to housing 11 through the ba?ie 12.
downwardly projecting annular rib at the under side of
It is noted, FIGURE 4, that although central plate
said base coaxial with and outwardly spaced from said
33 of the ba?le effectively overlaps the open upper end 03 Cl conduit and arranged and adapted to closely engage sur
of conduit 14‘, the arms 34 are so spaced angularly as
to expose the drain openings 16 beyond the outer edge
or periphery of plate 33‘.
Thus, when rain or sea
face portions of a deck or other base support on which
said base is mounted.
7. Ventilator according to claim 1 and wherein the
passes through slits 31, the water is immediately de?ected‘
base includes bosses extending from its under side and
toward said drains '16 and is thus prevented from enter 40 provided with holes adapted to receive screws for securing
ing the upper end opening of said conduit 14.
the base to a deck or the like, and the outer surfaces of
It is contemplated that the effectiveness of ventilators
said bosses are grooved to receive annular gaskets for
embodying my invention is not limited to any size or
sealing the screw holes against leakage of water.
to any particular locale or application, although some
8. Ventilator according to claim 6 and wherein said
advantages, such as cheapness of production and ease
base includes angularly spaced bosses substantially con
of installation, would commend them to owners of small
tinuous with said and downwardly projecting annular
craft who especially also require the leak and ?ood proof
rib extending therewith from the under side of said base.
advantages above described.
9. Ventilator according to claim 1 and wherein arms
What I claim is:
extending radially from iangularly spaced peripheral por
1. A ventilator comprising a base having inner and
tions of the ba?le interlock at their ends With cooperating
outer radially spaced concentric annular walls and a bot
elements inside of the housing wall thereby to retain said
tom wall connecting said annular walls, said bottom being
baf?e in operative ?uid de?ecting position in the housing.
provided with an annular rib projecting downwardly there
10. Ventilator according to claim 1 and wherein the
from and spaced radially from and concentric with said
housing has an interiorly positioned inwardly extending
inner annular wall whereby said bottom wall may be
lug which provides an upwardly exposed stop shoulder
retained in raised position above the top of a deck or
and the base has an outwardly extending ?ange having
like supporting surface when the ventilator is in operative
a downwardly exposed face arranged and adapted to bear
position thereon, and said bottom wall having water drain~
against and interlock with said upwardly exposed stop
age openings therethrough between said annular rib and
shoulder to retain said base and said housing in assembled
saidouter annular wall, said inner annular wall provid
relation and permit said housing to be rotated on said base.
ing an air conduit having an open upper end extending
11. Ventilator according to claim 1 and wherein said
above and an ‘open lower end extending below the lever
housing is mounted coaxially with said air conduit and
of said water drainage openings in said bottom wall of the
actuating means operatively connected to said housing
base, a housing mounted on said outer annular wall
and accessible for manual operation through said air con
and including a peripheral wall having lower edge portions 65 duit are provided to rotate said housing and thereby to
thereof slidably engaging and overlapping upper edge
bring said perforations into different positions of angular
portions of said outer annular wall, means cooperatively
adjustment in relation to the axis of said air conduit.
interposed between said lower edge portions of the hous
12'. In a ventilator the combination of a substantially
ing and said outer annular wall of the base whereby said
housing is ‘retained on and in rotatable engagement with 70 cylindrical air conduit open at its ends and arranged and
adapted to be mounted in and extend through a circular
said base, a lateral portion of said peripheral wall of
opening in a deck or the like, an outer annular wall co
the housing having a lateral portion provided with air
axial with said conduit and radially spaced therefrom, a
passage perforations arranged above the level of the
rotatable housing mounted on said outer wall and pro
open upper end of said air conduit, and a baf?e mounted
in said housing between said perforations in the housing 75 vided at one side with air passage perforations arranged
3,062,125
5
above the level of the upper open end of said conduit,
and a ba?ie supported in said housing in operative position
between said air passage perforations and said upper open
end of said air conduit, radially extending arms arranged
and adapted to connect said conduit and said outer an
nular wall and thereby support said outer wall on said
conduit wall, said arms having their outer end portions
angularly spaced one from another to de?ne Water drain
age openings between them, an annular rib coaxial with
6
from laterally opposed inner surface portions of said hous
ing, and angularly spaced outwardly extending ba?le sup
porting arms arranged between said baf?e and the housing
and with outer end portions thereof operatively connected
to effect rotation of said housing when the baffle is manu
ally rotated, said ba?ie being arranged and adapted to
de?ect water admitted through said ‘air passage perfora
tions in the housing away from said open upper end of
the air conduit and toward said water drainage open
said air conduit and operatively interposed between said 10 ings.
water drainage openings and said air conduit and hav
ing portions arranged and adapted to space said drainage
above said top surface of the deck and to reduce leak
age of water around said conduit when mounted in a cir
cular opening in a deck, said ba?ie being coaxial with and 15
spaced from said open upper end of said air conduit and
with its peripheral edges spaced substantially uniformly
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,379,638
2,711,126
2,885,941
Hughes ______________ __ July 3, 1945
Atkinson ____________ __ June 21, 1955
Allen ______________ __ May 12, 1959
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION
Patent No‘, 3,062v125
November 6,, 1962
Leo Henneberger
It is hereby certified that error appears in the above numbered pat
ent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as
corrected below.
_
Column 3,
line
62, for
"lever" read
_
.
—~~
1 evel
i
-—°
column
419 llne 25, strike out "in relation to the base"; line 46
strike out fend";
line 471,
after “'rib" insert —— and ——"
,
column 5' llne 12, after "drainage" insert —- openings "1-0
Signed and sealed this 14th day of May 1963.
:SEAL)
Attest:
ERNEST w. SWIDER
DAVID L- LADD
Attesting Officer
Commissioner of Patents
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