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Патент USA US3062334

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Nov. 6, 1962
J. B. HENNION
3,062,324
CHECK-OUT ARRANGEMENT FOR SELF~SERVICE STORES
Original Filed Aug. 18. 1958
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR
JOSEPH B H‘ENNION '
ATTORNEYS
United States ‘latent G
1
2
3,062,324
FIG. 3 is a plan view, partially broken away, to illus
trate to advantage the check-out arrangement illustrated
in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an end elevational view of the check-out
arrangement illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3; and
FIG. 5 is an enlarged, partial, detailed view of the
transporting means for the packed bags illustrated in
FIGS. 2, 3 and 4.
Turning now to the drawings, I have shown a self
CHECK-OUT ARRANGEMENT FOR SELF-SERVICE
STORES
Joseph B. Hennion, Niles, Mich, assignor to Tyler Re
frigeration Corporation, Niles, Mich., a corporation of
Michigan
Original application Aug. 18, 1958, Ser. No. 755,751.
Divided and this application Oct. 13, 1%0, Ser. No.
62,452
‘3,062,324
Patented Nov. 6, 1962
10 Claims. (c1. 186-1)
This application is a division of my application Serial
No. 755,751, ?led August 18, 1958 (now abandoned).
10 service type establishment with Which the check-out ar
rangement of this application has typical utility. The self
service facility comprises a suitable building, indicated
in its entirety by the reference numeral 10, having a
My invention relates, in general, to merchandising es
front wall 11 and a plurality of side and back walls, the
tablishments such as grocery stores and the like, of the
self-service type and, more particularly, to a new and im 15 left side wall 12 only being shown, and wherein there is
provided suitable windows, doors, and the like. The
proved arrangement of a check-out counter for such es
building is preferably a two-story type with a lower or
tablishments.
ground ?oor 13 for the sales or merchandising room and
In my above referred to application there is disclosed
an upper or top ?oor 14 or storage room whereby any
a business establishment comprising a building having a
sales floor and one or more processing and storage floors 20 merchandise may be stored, processed, and packaged.
The building is further provided with a merchandise re
preferably above the sales floor, whereby merchandise
ceiving door 15 adjacent to the sales room 13 which opens
may be processed and/or stored and handled on the
storage ?oor apart from the sales ?oor, and in which
merchandising units or dispensers, extending from the
sales floor to the storage and processing room, are ar
ranged to provide aisles in the sales room through which
vehicles, such as shopping carts, may pass without in
terruption and whereby goods or articles of merchandise
are properly displayed and may be dispensed. These
out to an unloading platform (not shown).
The sales room is provided with a plurality of mer
chandising units, three of which units are shown at loca
tions centrally in FIG. 1 at 17, 18 and 20. It can be
seen that the units are so arranged to form aisles or pas
sageways therebetween, whereby patrons with shopping
carts, such as illustrated at 21, may pass.
Each of the individual merchandising units is so con
merchandising units provide a means of displaying mer 30
structed and arranged to extend upwardly and through
chandise of various brands or types and are themselves
the upper floor .14, preferably so as to be of waist-high
provided with a means of being replenished from the stor
height to workers in the processing and storage room
age or processing floor as the merchandise is sold. With
whereby they may be replenished with merchandise from
such an arrangement, the store may be provided with
playgrounds, restrooms and the like not heretofore found 35 the package ?oor 14.
In the store arrangement shown, merchandise unit
in such stores.
In such typical arrangement I contemplate by my
17 comprises a relatively long, relatively narrow structure
present invention to provide a check-out arrangement
having a plurality of vertically disposed serpentine racks
for the storing and dispensing of commodities such as
the unloading of shopping carts and packing of mer 40 canned goods and the like.
The unit 18 is similar in its overall con?guration to the
chandise by a checker the customer is able to inspect the
unit 17, but is refrigerated and may include endless con
packages and to inspect the cash register amounts as the
veyors comprising suitable trays from which the customers
merchandise is being checked and packed. I have im
having a checking and packaging station whereby during
may remove goods on the trays as they move past access
proved this check-out arrangement still further by a new
and improved means whereby the checker may be con 45 openings conveniently disposed at about waist height at
the front of the unit.
tinually supplied with conventional paper bags and the
Unit 20 is similar to unit 17 except that it is substan
like, and whereby the checker may transport such bags
to an unloading position making them conveniently avail
tially enclosed by glass panels and refrigerated so that
articles on the serpentine racks therein may be main
Accordingly, it is an obiect of my invention to provide 60 tained under refrigeration. The overall construction of
the unit is in reality a combination of the unit 17 and
a new and improved check-out arrangement in store ar
the unit 18; the circuitous conveyor and trays of unit 18
rangements and particularly in store arrangements of the
able to the customer.
being replaced by the serpentine racks of unit 17.
type described herein whereby the checking and packaging
The illustrated store arrangement further includes a'
station is conveniently arranged both for the checker and
the customer, which check-out arrangement is further 55 stationarv line of convevor tracks illustrated in its entirety
at 80, af?xed to the ceiling or wall of the store; having
provided with means for continually supplying the checker
a part arranged to extend outwardlv through the door 15
with bags for packing and whereby the packaged bags
and onto an unloading platform. On this track 80, there
may be transported to an unloading position to be picked
is provided a plurality of movable hooks on which work
up hv the customer.
Other and more particular objects of my invention will 60 men can place meat, such as slabs or quarters of beef. for
transport from the unloading dock to processing room 96.
be apparent to those skilled in the art from the following
The several components above brie?y referred to are
descrintion and drawings forming a part thereof and
described in full and complete detail in my above identi
wherein;
?ed co-pending application and are included herein by
FIG. 1 is a semi-schematic perspective view of an entire
reference to said application. However, for purposes of
self-service type store arrangement illustrating in various
orientation of the check-‘out arrangement of this applica
merchandising units, a meat conveying unit, and the check
tionv it is believed the above description suffices.
out arrangement of the present invention;
The check-out arrangement of this application is indi
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view, partially broken away,
cated in its entirety as 120 and is illustrated in perspec
illustrating to advantage the check-out arrangement of my
invention having means for continuously supplying the O tive in FIG. 1 and in detail in FIGS. 2 through 5. It will
be seen that there is provided an aisle 121 for the shop
checker with bags and the means for transporting ?lled
ping carts 21 which may be loaded at the entrance to
bags to the unloading station;
3,062,324
3
aisle 121 and which also serves as an unloading and check
ing station 122. The aisle 121 is de?ned by a conventional
rail 123 and one side of cabinet or enclosure 124, to be
described, and at or near the exit thereof the unloaded
shopping cart which may be telescoped, in the conven
tional manner, as illustrated at 125. A second aisle in
the form of a reversed L, indicated in its entirety as
126, and de?ned by a curved rail 127 on one side and a
curved rail 128 and unloading counter 130 on the other
4
Bag gripping means 153 comprises a circular, ?exible,
split ring-llik-e device 154, split as at 155, to provide two
encircling arms for paper bags and the like placed at the
unloading station as illustrated in FIG. 1. These rings
154 are pivotally connected to a U-shaped bracket means
156 (See FIG. 5) and 'by pin 157 and incorporate a spring
actuating means 158 of the conventional type whereby the
rings may take a position parallel to the top of counter
130 as illustrated at FIG. 3 and when released will rotate
opens into the unloading station 122. The second aisle 10 to an upright position as illustrated by dotted lines in
provides a means whereby a patron may watch the articles
FIG. 5. Bracket means 156 is in turn suitably connected
being placed in the paper bag, such as illustrated at 131,
to one of the links of a link chain 160 by a ‘bolt means
and whereby the tabulating cash register 132 may be under
161 whereby the bracket will move with the link chain
observation at all times. Thus a patron may walk thrOugh
160 to be described.
a portion of aisle 126 and, by taking a position indicated
As more clearly illustrated in the cut-away portion of
at 133, may watch the checker at all times. The checker
FIGURE 4, link chain 160 is mounted to be moved by a
is provided with a continuous supply of packing bags by
shaft 162 which in turn is rotatably driven by still an
a new and improved means yet to be described and, when
other link chain means 163. ‘Rotation of the link chain
a particular 1bag is full of articles such as bag 131 from
means 163 will cause the chain 160 to rotate about a pair
the shopping cart 21, means are provided, as illustrated, to
of sprockets (one shown in cross section at FIG. 5 and
transport the bag to the far end of the counter at or
referred to as 164) whereby the ‘bag gripping means 153
near a position 134 whereby the “bag may be conveniently
will be moved from one end of the track 147 to the other.
taken and moved by the patron. Counter 130 and the
Thus, as can be appreciated, rotation of the chain 160
means of transporting the bags from the check-out position
will move the bag gripping means 153 ?rst along the
to position 134 function as one unit as will ‘be apparent.
lower leg 149 from a position above the end 137 of the
Having thus described in general the check-out arrange
counter 13th to a position above the end 138 of the counter
ment, attention is now directed to FIGURES 2, 3, 4 and
130 and continued movement will cause the bag gripping
5 wherein the details of the construction and operation
means 153 to return along the upper leg 148 of the track.
of the various elements will now be described in detail.
The ends 159, 1-51 of the track are curved to conform
It is to be noted, however, that I have shown two such
with the radius of the sprockets as can be appreciated
check-out arrangements arranged side by side where the
and the spring arrangement of the bracket 156 permits
rail of one is used for the next aisle for the shopping
one of the bag gripping means 153 to move to a vertical
cart. As can be appreciated, any number of such check
position so as to clear the movement of the lower one
out arrangements may be provided within the purview of
of the ‘bag gripping means 153 with a bag therein.
those skilled in the art once having understood the inven
The motive means for the link chain means 163 com
tive concept herein shown and described.
prises still another link chain 165 operatively connected
Turning now to FIGS. 2 through 5, it can be seen
on the shaft 168 which in turn is a?ixed to roller 144
that the enclosure or cabinet 124 is illustrated in its eleva
and to a suitable source of power such as electric motor
tional or side view in FIG. 2 and is provided with the
178. Obviously, rotation of the motor shaft causes rota
counter 130 forming a part thereof slightly above the 40 tion of the shaft 168, which in turn moves the roller 144
midway portion of side wall 135 of enclosure 124. The
as well as the link chain 160 and since the conveyor belt
top 136 of the cabinet 124 is located preferably approxi
145 .and roller 144- as well as the link chain 169 are driven
mately the standard counter height which is slightly below
from one source, the movement of the means 153 and
the waist-high lever of the checker and the counter 130
is preferably located a foot or more below the top of the
enclosure to accomomdate at least the lower half of the
various sprockets being selected to accomplish this result.
shopping bag 131, as illustrated in FIG. 1.
Counter 130 is provided with a stationary portion 137
the conveyor belt 145 will be in unison; the sizes of the
Thus, the checker having ?lled one of the bags such as
illustrated at 131, may, with suitable switches located
to be foot or hand actuated, move the loaded bag by the
and 138 at each end of the counter and which is suitably
ai?xed to the side wall 135 of the enclosure 124. End
portions 137 and 138 are each provided with a cut-away
conveyor belt 145 and the bag gripping means 153 to a
arcuate portion 140 (shown only in connection with the
stationary end portion 137) each of which receives ‘a
roller 143, 144 of a diameter slightly less than the thick
Turning now to FIG. 3, it can be seen that therein is
provided a ram-like means 171 comprising a head 172 on
a rod 173 actuated by a spring 174 (FIG. 2) to move a
position 134 which will bring around another bag gripping
means 153 ready for loading.
ness of the end portions. A conventional conveyor belt 55 plurality of paper bags, indicated in their entirety as 175,
means 145 is disposed about the rollers 143 and 144 to
towards an end wall 176 whereby they may be pulled up
provide a conveyor counter functioning between the end
wardly through a slot 177 in the top 136 of the enclosure
portions 137, 138 and serve as the top for counter 130.
124. The bags being in folded interlinking relationship
It can be appreciated that movement of the belt 145 in
with one another so as to provide a means of being con
60
one direction would serve to ‘aid in transporting the vbags
tinuously provided with bags one at a time as they are
from one position to another on the counter 130, as for
pulled through the slot 177. On the side of the enclosure
example from left to right in FIG. 2, from unloading and
checking station 122 to the unloading station 134. Suit
able reinforcing means in the form of a plate 146 is dis
posed immediately below the top surface of the conveyor
rbelt 145 to reinforce the belt against the weight of the
bags as they are being moved, and the belt is substantially
enclosed at its ends ‘by a side wall 178 to provide the
124 opposite the counter 134, I have provided a pair of
sliding doors 178 whereby the supply of bags 175 may be
replenished when necessary. Slot 177 being conveniently
located with respect to the unloading position, provides
a convenient arrangement as can be appreciated.
From the above description of my invention of new
and improved check-out counters, and the association
tect people from the inner working mechanisms thereof. 70 thereof with merchandising units, and means of supplying
Above the counter 130 and substantially parallel there
an upper ?oor with merchandise which may be readily
to is an elongated oval slot or opening 147 having a long
accessible to the lower sales ?oor, considerable savings in
return leg 148 and a long forward leg 149 and curved
ground ?oor space is made, whereby the store arrange
ends 150, 151 which de?ne a track for the bag gripping
ment may be provided with other desirable features such
75 as rest rooms, indicated in its entirety as 180, and play
means, indicated in its entirety as 153.
counter with an enclosed unitary appearance and to pro
Jr
3,062,324
5
grounds for children (not shown) and other desirable
facilities.
As illustrated in the lower le t-hand corner of the draw
ing in FIG. 1, the front wall 11 may be provided with a
recess 190 whereby coin vending machines 191, 192 and
193 may be located which will permit a patron to have
access to merchandise therein during the time that the
6
chandise unloading station at one end of said ?rst aisle
whereby merchandise may be unloaded by a checker and
placed in bags, means de?ning a second aisle, the entry
of which is at the merchandise unloading station, means
de?ning a movable counter between said ?rst aisle and
said second aisle, a plurality of means de?ning bag grip
ping means spaced above said movable counter for hold~
store is closed.
ing said bags in position on said movable counter, said
It is to be understood that many changes and modi?ca
movable counter and one of said bag gripping means
tions may be made without departing from the scope or 10 being adapted to move in unison to move a ?lled bag to a
spirit of the invention and the invention is de?ned and
bag unloading station, and means connected with the re
comprehended solely by the appended claims which should
maining bag gripping means for permitting the remaining
be construed as broadly as the prior art will permit.
What I claim is:
bag gripping means to move to a position adjacent said
merchandise unloading station without interfering with
1. In a store arrangement, means de?ning a check-out 15 the one bag gripping means, said arrangement being so
arrangement comprising means de?ning a ?rst aisle, mer
constructed and arranged to permit patrons to continuous
chandise unloading station at one end of said ?rst aisle
ly observe the merchandise unloading station.
whereby merchandise may be unloaded by a checker and
5. In a checkout arrangement for a store, means de
placed in bags, means de?ning a second aisle, the entry
?ning a substantially horizontal counter upon which bags
of which is at the merchandise unloading station, means 20 may be placed to be ?lled with merchandise, means de
de?ning a movable counter between said ?rst aisle and
?ning a bag gripping means, said bag gripping means be
said second aisle, and means de?ning bag gripping means
ing seated above said counter and adapted to hold a bag
adjacent said movable counter for holding said bags in
in substantially upright position on said counter while it
position on said movable counter, said movable counter
is being ?lled, and means for moving said bag gripping
and bag gripping means being adapted to move in unison 25 means whereby a bag ?lled with merchandise may be
to a bag unloading station, said arrangement being so con
moved substantially horizontally while standing upright
structed and arranged to permit patrons to continuously
on said counter.
observe the merchandise unloading station.
6. The arrangement claimed in claim 5 wherein said
2. In a store arrangement, means de?ning a check-out
counter has a movable portion, and means for moving said
arrangement Comprising means de?ning a ?rst aisle, mer 30 movable portion in the same direction and in unison with
chandise unloading station at one end of said ?rst aisle
said bag gripping means.
whereby merchandise may be unloaded by a checker and
7. The arrangement claimed in claim 5 wherein said
placed in bags, means de?ning a second aisle, the entry of
bag gripping means comprises arms for gripping a bag,
which is at the merchandise unloading station, means de
said arm being resilient for gripping a bag, and for re
?ning a movable counter between said ?rst aisle and said 35 leasing said bag when desired.
second aisle, means de?ning bag gripping means adjacent
8. In a checkout arrangement for a store, means de
said movable counter for holding said bags in position
?ning a counter upon which bags may be placed to be
on said movable counter, said movable counter and bag
?lled with merchandise, means de?ning a ?rst bag grip
gripping means being adapted to move in unison to a bag
ing means, said bag gripping means being seated above
unloading station, said arrangement being so constructed 40 said counter and adapted to hold a bag on said counter
and arranged to permit patrons to continuously observe
while it is being ?lled, means for moving said bag gripping
the merchandise unloading station, and means for provid
means whereby a bag ?lled with merchandise may be
ing said checker with a supply of bags adjacent the mer
moved while on said counter, second bag gripping means,
chandise unloading station.
and means for moving said second bag gripping means
3. In a store arrangement, means de?ning a check-out 45 into position on said counter to receive a bag when said
arrangement comprising means de?ning a ?rst aisle, mer
?rst mentioned bag gripping means is moved.
chandise unloading station at one end of said ?rst aisle
9. The arrangement claimed in claim 8 wherein said
whereby merchandise may be unloaded by a checker and
counter has a movable portion, and means for moving said
placed in bags, means de?ning a second aisle, the entry
bag gripping means in unison with said movable portion.
of which is at the merchandise unloading station, means 50
10. The arrangement claimed in claim 9 further in
de?ning a movable counter between said ?rst aisle and
cluding means permitting one of said bag gripping means
said second aisle, means de?ning bag gripping means ad
to move to a non-interfering position with respect to the
jacent said movable counter for holding said bags in po
other bag gripping means while the latter moves with said
sition on said movable counter, said movable counter and
movable portion.
bag gripping means being adapted to move in unison to a 55
bag unloading station, said arrangement being so con
structed and arranged to permit patrons to continuously
observe the merchandise unloading station, and said bag
gripping means further having means connected thereto
to return it to its position adjacent the merchandise un 60
loading station.
4. In a store arrangement, means de?ning a check-out
arrangement comprising means de?ning a ?rst aisle, mer
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,193,942
Shackleford __________ __ Mar. 10, 1940
2,317,438
2,596,686
2,604,190
2,884,094
Bradley _____________ __
Hess ________________ __
Meyer ______________ __
Roy ________________ _..
Apr.
May
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27,
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1943
1952
1952
1959
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