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Патент USA US3062357

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Nov. 6, 1962
H. A. NAUMAN ETAL
3,062,349
MONEY CHANGER
Filed April 19, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet l
Agy;
59
Fig. 2
49
/3
Henry A. Nauman
Percy M’. Kelly
BY
INVENTOR?
wig/mg; 19mg‘
NOV- 6, 1962
H. A. NAUMAN ETAI.
3,062,349
MONEY CHANGER
Filed April 19, 1960
s Sheets-Sheet 2
37
Fig. 4
22
Henry A. Nauman
l3
-
PQI'C)’
K8”)!
IN VENTORS
BY
NOV- 6, 1962
H. A. N'AUMAN ETA].
I
3,062,349
MONEY CHANGER
Filed April 19, 1960
[3
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
,3 Henry A. Nauman
Percy l4’- KeIIy
INVENTORS
BY
'
United States Patent O?iice
1
3,062,349
MONEY CHANGER
Henry A. Nauman, P.0. Box 1007, and Percy W. Kelley,
1020 Dotta Drive, both of Elko, Nev.
Filed Apr. 19, 1960, Ser. No. 23,197
6 Claims. (Cl. 194-93)
3,002,349
Patented Nov. 6, 1962
2
portion 12 of a ?at, tubular coin chute for reception
of coins which are to be changed, while the bottom por
tion of the housing provides a change box or cup 13
into which coins given in change are dispensed, such
coins being removable therefrom through a suitable open
ing 14 in the housing.
A horizontal partition 15, slotted as at 16, 17, is pro
This invention relates to new and useful improve
vided in the housing above the change box or cup 13
ments in money changers or coin changers, and the prin
and the housing also contains a vertical partition 18
cipal object of the invention is to provide a structurally 10 which is secured to the front and rear edges of the hous
and functionally simple, dependable and foolproof de
ing by suitable tie rods 19, 20, as well as by a partial
vice of this type which may be conveniently and eifec
cover plate 21, it being understood that all these com
tively used for dispensing several coins in return for
ponents are associated with the housing section 11 with
a single coin of a larger denomination.
out attachment to the cover section 11a so that the cover
As such, for example, the invention may be used for 15 section may be readily removed, as above noted.
A coin tube magazine 22 is rernovably positioned in
dispensing twenty nickels in return for a silver dollar,
although it is to be understood that the device may oper
the housing above the partition 15 and rearwardly of
the partition 18, the same comprising a plurality of ver
ate on the basis of any desired coin combination, for
example, to dispense two dimes and a nickel in return
tical coin tubes 23 which are adapted to receive coins
for a quarter.
20 to be dispensed. The lower ends of these tubes are
One of the important features of the invention in
secured in an apertured upper portion 24 of a support
volves the provision of an improved mechanism for
plate 25, a dispensing slide 26 being interposed be
actuating the device so that coins are not dispensed
tween the plate 25 and the plate portion 24. The upper
thereby unless a coin to be changed is ?rst inserted
end portions of the tubes 23 are secured in an apertured
into a coin chute, means also being provided to prevent 25 plate or strap 27. The support plate 25 rests on the par
dipensing of coins when the coin inserted in the chute
tition 15 whereby the entire magazine 22, comprising
is not genuine or of a proper size.
the parts 23, 24, 25, 26 and 27, may be removed as a
Another important feature of the invention involves
unit from the housing for purposes of inserting coins
the provision of means for preventing insertion of a
into the tubes 23 through their upper ends. The upper
coin to be changed in the coin chute unless an adequate 30 ends of the tubes may be equipped with removable
supply of coins for dispensing is present in the machine.
closure plugs 28, if so desired.
Another important feature of the invention resides
in its structural arrangement whereby the interior of
the device is readily accessible for purposes of inspection
or repair and whereby coins may be quickly and easily
inserted or removed during servicing.
These together with other objects and advantages
The dispensing slide 26 is provided with apertures 29
which are in registry with the lower ends of the tubes
23 when the slide is in the position shown in FIGURE
4, while the support plate 25 is provided with apertures
30 which are offset from the lower ends of the tubes in
inafter described and claimed, reference being had to the
the direction of the sliding movement of the slide,
whereby the plate 25 provides supporting means to pre
vent dropping of coins out of the tubes 23 and open
ings 29 in the slide when the latter is in its initial or
accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein
non-dispensing position.
like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
slid to the dispensing position shown in FIGURE 6, the
which will become subsequently apparent reside in the
details of construction and operation as more fully here
However, when the slide is
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a money changer
in accordance with the invention.
slide apertures 29 are alioned with the apertures 30 in
the plate 25, so that coins contained in the slide open
FIGURE 2 is a vertical sectional view on an en
ings 29 are free to drop into the cup 13. Suitable coin
larged scale, taken substantially in the plane of the line 45 slides or slanting chutes 31, 32 are provided under the
2—2 of FIGURE 1.
partition 15 for conveying the dropped coins into the front
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view
portion of the cup 13 where they are accessible through
on an enlarged scale, taken substantially in the plane of
the line 3-3 of FIGURE 1.
FIGURE'4 is a vertical sectional view on an enlarged
the opening 14 in the housing.
If may be explained at this point that in the arrange
ment exempli?ed herein, ?ve of the tubes 23 are provided
scale, taken substantially in the plane of the line 4——4 in
for nickels, the thickness of the slide 26 corresponding to
FIGURE 1 and showing the device in its initial position.
that of four nickels, so that twenty nickels may be dis
FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary sectional view, similar to
pensed by a single movement of the slide in return for a
that shown in FIGURE 4 but illustrating the coin chute 55 silver dollar inserted in the coin chute entrance 12. How
when a coin is inserted therein; and
ever, this arrangement may be varied as desired to suit any
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary sectional view, similar
coin combination, for example, one tube of nickels and
to those shown in FIGURES 4 and 5 but showing the
two tubes of dimes may be provided to give change for a
mechanism in its dispensing position.
quarter, with the slide dispensing one coin from each tube.
Referring now to the accompanying drawings in de 60 Apart from the entrance portion 12, the coin chute
tail, the money changer or coin changer in accordance
also includes a holder section or portion 33 which is
with the invention is designated generally by the refer
spaced downwardly from an angularly offset with respect
ence numeral 10 and embodies in its construction a rela
tively thin, box-shaped housing disposed in a vertical
plane and consisting of a pair of complemental housing
sections 11 and 11a which are inter?tted or telescoped
into each other so that the section 1111, being in the
nature of a cover, may be readily removed from the_
section 11 wherein the entire mechanism of the device
is contained.
The front upper corner of the housing has a slanting
edge 11' in which is mounted the entrance section or
to the entrance portion, while an intermediate or transfer
section or portion 34 is pivotally mounted as at 35 and
normally urged by a spring 36 on the pivot 35 to a position
shown in FIGURE 4, wherein it is aligned with the en
trance portion 12 so that when a coin to be changed is
inserted in the entrance portion as indicated at 37, it may
drop into the transfer portion 34 of the chute. The weight
of the coin then causes the chute portion 34 to swing
downwardly about the pivot 35 against the resiliency of
the spring 36 until the chute portion 34 is aligned with
3
4
the holder portion 33 and the coin is transferred into the
latter, as shown in FIGURE 5. A curved guard 38 is pro
sliding out of the portion 34 during the transferring move
ment and when the coin is disposed in the holder portion
this being possible inasmuch as the absence of a coin in
the chute portion 33 will permit the contact element 57 to
enter the recess 56 su?iciently to permit pivotal movement
of the member 40 with a resultant downward sliding of
the bar 43 while the detent 47 slides downwardly along
vided on the chute portion 33 to prevent the coin from
33 it comes in abutment with a coin rest 39 provided at
the cam surface 48 of the plunger 49. When the detent
the free end of a coin contacting member 40 which is
pivotally mounted in the housing as at 41. The other end
of the member 4b is operatively connected by a pin and
abuts the stop 53, the plunger 49 will be prevented from
sliding further outwardly to the dispensing position shown
which is provided with slots 44 for slidable mounting on
pins 45 on the partition 18. A tension spring 46 is con
ment of the pin 51 in the slot 52 is such that the plunger
49 may be slid from its initial to its intermediate, non
in FIGURE 6, so that no coins will be released from the
slot connection 42 to the upper end of a locking bar 43 10 tubes 23, as will be clearly apparent. The extent of move
nected to the bar 43 and to the partition 18 as is best
dispensing position, without imparting any sliding move
shown in FIGURE 2, whereby the bar is urged to its
ment to the slide 26.
downwardly slid position.
A suitable permanent magnet 59 is provided on the
15
The lower end portion of the bar 43 is anguiated as at
partition 18 adjacent the chute entrance 12 so as to at
43a and terminates in a downturned detent 47 which oper
tract and hold magnetizable slugs or fake coins without
atively engages a cam surface 48 of an elongated actuat
permitting them to actuate the di1pensing mechanism.
ing member or plunger 49 which is slidable on the parti
The aforementioned cover plate 21 may be equipped with
tion 15. The plunger 49 had an outer end portion which
a removable door 60 through which such slugs may be ex
projects outwardly from the housing to carrying a hand
tracted from the chute 12 without removing the plate 21
knob 50, while the inner end portion of the plunger car
itself, upon removal of the housing cover 11a from the
ries an upstanding pin 51 which is slidably disposed in a
housing 11. A suitable lock 61 may be provided for
longitudinally extending slot 52 formed in the aforemen
locking the housing cover 1111 in place and preventing un
tioned slide 26. The slot 52 has a lateral opening 52a for 25 authorized access to the interior of the housing, and it may
passage of the pin 51 out of the slot when the magazine 22
be also noted at this point that when the cover 11a is re
is removed from the housing.
moved, the coin collection box 58 may be readily re
The cam surface 48 slopes downwardly toward a ver
moved for emptying purposes while the magazine 22 is
tical stop surface 53 and de?nes in conjuction therewith
similarly removed for ?lling the tubes 23 with coins.
a recess in the plunger 49, it being noted that the plunger 30
In the event that a coin of a smaller than a predeter
is also equipped with an inclined cam 54 which may be
mined size or weight is inserted in the chute 12, it will not
engaged by the detent 47 when the plunger 4-9 is pulled
cause the chute portion 34 to transfer such a coin into the
outwardly to the dispensing position shown in FIGURE 6,
chute portion 33. Rather such a coin will drop through
as will be hereinafter more fully described. A suitable
the chute portion 34 against a de?ector 62 and into a pas
tension spring 55 is connected to the plunger 49 for urging 35 sage 63 provided on the partition 18, for reception in a
the same to its initial, inwardly slid position.
cup 64 at the lower end of the passage 63. Alternatively,
The holder portion 33 of the coin chute is formed with
the lower end of the passage 63 may be arranged to dis
a recess 56 to receive a coin contacting element 57 which,
charge into the cup 13 for returning the improper coin to
in the form of an adjustable screw, is carried by the mem
the person using the machine.
ber 40. WLCH a coin to be changed is inserted in the 40
Means is also provided for preventing insertion of coins
chute entrance 1?. and ?ipped by the transfer portion 34
into the chute 12 when there is not an adequate supply of
of the chute into the holder portion 33, it comes in contact
change coins in the tubes 23. This means comprises a
with the element 57 as well as with the rest 39 so that it is
lever 65, pivoted intermediate its ends as at 66 in the
temporarily held in the chute portion 33. This position of
housing and provided at its lower end with a sensing ele
the mechanism is shown in FIGURE 5, from which it will 45 ment or ?nger 67 which is receivable in a recess 68 formed
be apparent that if the knob 50 of the plunger 49 is pulled
in the lower end of the tube 23 adjacent the partition 18.
outwardly, the spring 46 cannot cause the locking bar 43
to slide downwardly inasmuch as contact of the element
57 with the coin in the chute portion 33 prevents such
movement. Thus, the detent 47 cf the bar 43 will remain 50
in its initial position without sliding down the cam surface
48 while the plunger 49 continues its outward sliding
movement, and as the plunger approaches its ultimate,
outwardly slid position, the detent 47 will ride up on the
The ?nger 67 is urged into the recess 68 by a tension
spring 69 connected to the lever 65, a lever stop 70 being
provided in the housing to limit the extent to which the
?nger 67 may enter the recess 68. The upper end of
the lever 65 has secured thereto a stop shutter member or
rod 71 which is projcctable and retractable through an ap
erture 72 in the chute 12, the arrangement being such that
when the tubes 23 contain an adequate supply of coins, the
?nger 67 is held outwardly in the recess 68 by the presence
inclined cam 54, thus causing the bar 43 to slide up CI Ul
wardly and the member 40 to swing about its pivot 41 to
the position shown in FIGURE 6, wherein both the ele
ment 57 and the coin rest 39 will clear the chute portion
of coins in the associated tube and the shutter rod 71 is re
tracted from the aperture 72 in the chute 12 as shown in
FIGURES 5 and 6, so that insertion of the coin 37 into
33, thus permitting the coin in the chute portion 33 to
the chute 12 is permitted. However, when the supply of
drop therefrom into a suitable coin collecting box 58 pro
vided in the housing. Simultaneously with this action, the
pin 51 on the plunger 49 will engage the front end of the
slot 52 with the result that sliding movement of the
plunger to its ultimate position will cause the slide 26 to
move to its dispensing position to effect dropping of
change from the coin tubes 23 into the cup 13, as already
described. Upon releasing of the actuating knob 50, the
plunger 49 is automatically returned to its initial position
by the spring 55.
In the event that an attempt is made to actuate the
plunger 49 without inserting a coin into the chute 12, slid
ing of the plunger from its initial position will be possible,
during which action the detent 47 will slide downwardly
along the cam surface 48 until the plunger reaches an in
termediate position wherein the detent abuts the stop 53,
60 coins in the chutes 23 falls below the level of the ?nger
67, the spring 69 acting on the lever 65 causes the ?nger
to be projected into the recess 68 and the shutter rod 71
to be similarly projected through the aperture 72 into
the chute 12, whereby insertion of coins into the chute will
not be possible.
The actuating plunger ‘49 is preferably provided with a
toothed rack 73 which is engaged by a pawl 74 biased by
opposing springs 75 as shown in FIGURE 3, whereby the
rate of sliding of the plunger is controlled so that the knob
50 does not slip from the ?ngers of the users thus causing
them to lose their coin without receiving their change, or
so that quick sliding of the plunger is prevented which, if
performed in rapid succession, would give the user twice
the change to which he is entitled.
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the
3,062,349
5
6
principles of the invention. Further, since numerous
modi?cations and changes will readily occur to those
pletion of the initial independent movement of the plunger,
skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention
to the exact construction and operation shown and de
the plunger engageable beneath the detent for elevating
the bar for swinging said other end portion of said lever
scribed, and accordingly, all suitable modi?cations and
equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope
away from the chute.
of the invention as claimed.
chute including a ?at tubular entrance section, a ?at
What is claimed as new is:
tubular holder section downwardly spaced and angularly
the last-named means including an upstanding cam on
3. A coin changer in accordance with claim 2, said
l. A coin changer comprising a housing, a tubular
offset from said entrance section and operatively asso
coin magazine mounted vertically in said housing, a slide l0 ciated with the lever, and a ?at, tubular ‘vertically swing
in the housing for receiving and dispensing coins from
said magazine, a manually operable plunger slidable in
the housing, a pin and slot connection operatively connect
ing the plunger to the slide for actuating same after ini
tial independent movement of the plunger, said plunger 15
able intermediate section for receiving, retaining and
transferring the coin by its weight from the entrance
section to the holder section, said intermediate section
being open at both ends for the free passage therethrough
without actuation thereby of coins below a predetermined
having a recess therein providing a stop, an upstanding bar
size.
mounted for vertical sliding movement in the housing, a
detent on the lower end of the bar engageable in the recess
4. A coin changer in accordance with claim 3, said
holder section having a recess therein for exposing the
with the stop for arresting the plunger upon completion of
coin for engagement by said element.
said inital independent movement thereof, means for actu 20
5. The combination of claim 4, together with an arm
ate guard on the holder section for closing the free end
recess, a chute in the housing for the reception of a coin
of the intermediate section for retaining the coin therein
to be changed, a lever pivotally mounted at an intermediate
as it approaches said holder section.
point in the housing and having one end pivotally con
6. The combination of claim 5, together with a second
nected to the upper end of the bar, the other end portion 25 lever pivotally mounted at an intermediate point in the
of said lever being engageable with the coin for releas
housing, a member on one end portion of said second
ably retaining same in the chute, an element on said other
lever engageable with coins in the lower portion of the
ating the bar downwardly for engaging the detent in the
end portion of said lever engageable with the coin in the
magazine for retaining said second lever in an inopera
chute for holding the detent out of the recess, and means
tive position, and a stop on the other end portion of said
for releasing the coin after completion of the initial inde 30 second lever engageable in said entrance section of the
pendent movement of the plunger.
chute for preventing the passage of a coin therethrough
2. A coin changer comprising a housing, a tubular
when the magazine is empty.
coin magazine mounted vertically in said housing, a slide
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
in the housing for receiving and dispensing coins from
said magazine, a manually operable plunger slidable in 35
UNITED STATES PATENTS
the housing, a pin and slot connection operatively con
416,828
Corbett ____________ __ Dec. 10, 1889
necting the plunger to the slide for actuating same after
initial independent movement of the plunger, said plunger
423,034
Dieterich ____________ __ Mar. 11, 1890
having a recess therein providing a stop, an upstanding
431,367
Lang ________________ .._ July 1, 1890
bar mounted for vertical sliding movement in the housing,
462,024
676,686
858,253
‘905,470
1,736,710
2,045,976
2,185,148
2,302,648
2,373,014
2,673,133
a detent on the lower end of the bar engageable in the
recess with the stop for arresting the plunger upon com
pletion of said initial independent movement thereof,
means for actuating the bar downwardly for engaging the
detent in the recess, a chute in the housing for the recep 45
tion of a coin to be changed, a lever pivotally mounted at
an intermediate point in the housing and having one end
pivotally connected to the upper end of the bar, the
other end portion of said lever being engageable with the
coin for releasably retaining same in the chute, an ele 50
ment on said other end portion of said lever engageable
with the coin in the chute for holding the detent out of
the recess, and means for releasing the coin after com
Wood ______________ __ Oct. 27,
Pearson ____________ __ June 18,
‘Beasley _____________ .._ June 25,
Smith ______________ __ Dec. 1,
Hulin ______________ _.. Nov. 19,
Brooks ____________ __ June 30,
Evans ______________ .... Dec. 26,
Wiggins ____________ __ Nov. 17,
Compton ____________ __ Apr. 3,
Koch ______________ __ Mar. 23,
1891
1901
1907
1908
1929
1936
1939
1942
1945
1954
FOREIGN PATENTS
41,279
Norway ____________ .._ Apr. 27, 1925
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