Nov. 13, 1962 v. P. VALLQUYIST 3,053,402 BOAT REACHING AND ANCHORING TECHNIQUES AND MECHANISMS Filed Aug. 31, 1960 . 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. V/NCf/YT P/l/[l/P VAllQl/IST BYOl/Lo?b OM51 W A TTOP/YfYS Nov. 13, 1962 v. P. VALLQUIST 3,063,402 BOAT BEACHING AND ANCHORING TECHNIQUES AND MECHANISMS Filed Aug. 31, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVEN TOR. W/YCf/YT P///Z UP 141110067 “Wm A United States Patent 0 M 3,063,402 Patented Nov. 13, 1962 ‘1 2 3,063,402 is placed at anchor either bow on or stem on to the Vincent Phillip Vallquist, 4219 Ashworth, Seattle, Wash. Filed Aug. 31, 1960, Ser. No. 53,132 15 Claims. (CI. 115—7) characteristics attributable to and inherent in the present anchor as desired. BOAT REACHING AND ANCHORING TECH NIQUES AND MECHANISMS These’ and other objects, features, advantages and invention will be apparent from the following descrip tion of certain techniques and mechanisms for practice thereof, as presented by way of typical and therefore The present invention relates to marine craft beac-hing, non-limitive example in the following description, where unbeaching, anchoring and retrieving techniques, and in like alphabetical and numerical designations refer to mechanisms for practicing such techniques, including a 10 like parts, and wherein: portable reeling mechanism implantable on the beach FIG. 1 is a somewhat diagrammatic view in vertical and operatable for unbeaching purposes from either on ‘ cross section and elevation of the mechanism and rigging the beach or on board the boat, such reeling mechanism arrangement characteristic of the invention, showing the in the particular, illustrative form disclosed compris arrangement thereof for securing a boat at anchor in the ing two independently operable reeling devices respective 15 ly carrying haulback ‘and retriever lines, the haulback line being led through pulley means attachable to the nearshore area off a beach in a manner so as to be readily retrieved and returned to the beach; FIG. 2 is an isometric view on an enlarged scale of the anchor means of the boat. Construction details of the reeling mechanism, haulback and retriever lines, anchor reeling mechanism also includes a post means on which attached pulley means and a fragment of the anchor means the reeling devices are mounted, which post means is pro 20 shown in FIG. 1; vided at the top thereof with hand grip means, and at 'FIG. 3 is a view in vertical elevation of the reeling mech the lower end thereof with a pointed end and combi anism shown in FIG. 1, with certain parts (principally the nation foot rest and depth stop facilitating placement reels and lines) shown in cross section; thereof on the beach. FIG. 4 is a somewhat diagrammatic series of plan views The boat manipulating techniques and reeling mechan 25 showing a typical sequence in the beaching, unbeaching ism characteristic of the invention address the often dif and anchoring of a boat by a technique characteristic of ?cult and sometimes even dangerous boat handling the invention, such sequence proceeding from the initial problem involved in manipulating a boat onto and off approach of the boat toward the beach to return of the of a beach. At present, it is common practice to simply ‘boat to anchor in the nearshore area with the boat se beach the boat and leave it on the beach, or anchor 30 cured at anchor, the right-hand view in the series presented offshore and go ashore in a smaller boat, or to ashore by FIG. 4 corresponding to the view thereof presented by wading. Such be'aching practices are often quite im at FIG. 1, and practical and to be avoided if possible. Further, the FIG. 5 is a fragmentary isometric View of a modi?ed beached boat is often extremely difficult to get off the form of haulback line rigging, for further increasing the beach, particularly when wave action is heavy and/0r 35 available unbeaching force. there is a strong onshore wind. The present invention has as one principal objective, Turning now to a more detailed consideration of the nature of the manipulating techniques and mechanisms feature, and advantage, the provision of a boat manipu characteristic of the present invention, and to the par lating technique ‘and mechanism whereby a boat can. ticular illustrations thereof shown in the accompanying be beached then simply, effectively and safely unbeached 40 drawings, it will be understood that a typical beach irrespective of whether the occupant desires to unbeach terrain involves a beach B, a shoreline SL and a near the boat while embarked or disembarked. As a directly related aspect of the invention stem shore area NS off the beach. As also shown in FIGS. 1 and 4, the general combination involved in practice ming from its capability of unbeaching the boat while of the present invention involves, in connection with a disembarked, the present invention provides as another 45 boat or craft C, a haulback line HB led through a principal feature and advantage thereof a technique and pulley means P attached to the boat anchor means A, means whereby a boat can be beached, then disembarked, and a retriever line R, said haulback line HB and re then placed at anchor in the nearshore area off the triever line R being led to and taken in or let out from beach, then retrieved, then embarked and again placed a reeling mechanism RM which can be manipulated either underway. 50 on board the boat C (as shown in the three left~hand As a further related aspect and feature of the present views of FIG. 4) or from the beach (as shown in FIG. invention, the boat manipulating mechanism provided 1 and the three right-hand views of FIG. 4). by the invention utilizes a haulback linewove through As shown at FIGS. 2 and 3, the reeling mechanism pulley means bottomed in the nearshore area near the RM (also termable a “tree” because of its general ap beach so that the taking in of the haulback line from 55 pearance at a distance and its manner of emplacement on either a point on the beach or a position on board the the beach in use) comprises two independently operatable boat inherently provides a leverage advantage in terms of the maximum available unbeaching force applied to the boat even though the unbeaching be an entirely reel devices 10 and 12, each rotatable about a common axis provided by shaft 14 through a post or upright 16 in the upper central portion thereof, said reels 10 and 12 manual operation. 60 being removably mounted on said shaft 14 by wing nuts Further features and advantages of the present in 18 and 20, spacers 22 and 24 being situated inboard of vention are found in the simple, lightweight, easily stow reel devices 10 and 12 to provide adequate spacing there able reeling mechanism involved, in the non-fouling line of from post 16. Respective hand grips 26 and 28 are arrangement presented, and in inherent safety consider also provided on the outboard sides of reel devices 10 ation-s pertaining to the double line moorage of a boat 65 and 12 near the edges thereof to facilitate rotation of the placed at nearshore anchor by the technique of the in vention. Additional features and advantages characteristic of _ reel devices by the user. Post 16 is pointed at its lower end, as indicated at 30, to facilitate placement thereof in the beach ground and a triangular shaped plate 32 is attached to post 16 the invention reside in a full use ?exibility inherent from the nature of the manipulating mechanisms employed, as 70 in the lower central portion thereof to serve as a foot to whether the boat is brought to the beach bow on, rest and depth stop. At the top of post 16 a trans stern on or even side on, and as to whether the boat versely extending hand grip means 34 is placed, such 3 4 hand grip means 34 having an axial bore to snugly receive and store a reel locking pin 36 when said reels 10 and 12 are to be rotated, such locking pin 36 when used for securing either one or both of said reel devices for near the stern of boat C (which holding device 69 can be a simple, braced tube receiving the lower end of pOSt 16), hook 44 of haulback line HE is snapped onto a cleat or eye on the boat, preferably at a stern location as at 10 and 12 against rotation being insertable through align 62, and swivel hook 48 of pulley means P is snapped onto able apertures in reel devices 10 and 12, the outboard the ring 50 of the boat anchor means A. Also, book 42 such aperture in reel device 12 being indicated in FIG. of retriever line R is attached to the boat, preferably to 2 at 38, and an aperture ‘40 in post 16, the position of a bow eye or cleat 64, at any suitable time, either on the said locking pin 36 when securing both reel devices 10 way in to the beach or after the boat is beached. With and 12 against rotation being indicated at FIG. 3 at 36’. l0 the reeling mechanism and haulback and retriever lines As will be apparent, either of the reel devices 10 and thus rigged, anchor means A is dropped in nearshore area 12 can be‘ secured against rotation without securing the NS a suitable distance offshore, say about 80 feet, for ex other by inserting said locking pin 36 only through the ample. Then, as the boat proceeds toward the beach, secured reel and aperture 40, as desired. Coiled on reel 10 is a suitable length, say 100 feet, of retriever line R, the free end of said line R terminat ing in a hook 42 or other suitable device for attach haulback line HE is played out and hook 44 thereof pref erably moved to the bow eye or cleat 64, as shown in the view second from left in FIG. 4. As will be apparent, the boat C can be brought onto the beach bow-on, stern ment thereof to boat C. Coiled on reel device 12 is a on or side~on, as desired, it being preferable in SOmC’IIl suitable length, say 200 feet, of haulback line HB, the stances to ‘bring the boat C in stern ?rst for disembarkmg, length of haulback line HB preferably being about twice 20 and such attitude of the boat is shown in the central views the length of retriever line R in that the maximum extent of FIG. 4, also by way of example. Though the boat C of playout of said haulback line HE is about double the can be maneuvered in any desired manner while moving maximum playout of retriever line R in use of the toward the beach B, the turning of the boat C around, as device, as will be more apparent from the detailed de shown in the view of FIG. 4 second from the left, will scription of its manner of use, as presented below in 25 often naturally occur if the boat is simply allowed to drift connection with FIG. 4. onto the beach. _ The size and consequent strength of the retriever line With the boat C beached, the reel mechanism RM is R and haulback line HB is determined by the size of removed from its holder 60 and taken onto the beach, as boat C to be handled. For example, one-quarter inch shown in the view of FIG. 4 fourth from the left, the reel nylon line has been found quite suitable for handling 30 mechanism RM being implanted in the ‘beach ground boats up to about 20 feet in length. And, for reasons which will appear with respect to the operation of the above the high water mark of shoreline SL (also see FIG. 1). Placement of reel mechanism RM in the beach device to move a boat off a beach, haulback line HB ground can be accomplished in a manner very similar to the manner of use of a shovel, foot rest 32 and hand grip should be substantially stronger than retriever line R. In a typical arrangement, haulback line HL has a test 35 means 34 permitting both hand and foot pressure for such strength of about 1200 pounds and retriever line R has a test strength of about 800 pounds. It is of course self-evident that the lengths, sizes and strengths of haul emplacement. improve its holding ‘action. back line HB and retriever line R can be varied to meet particular operating requirements. Preferably, said reel mechanism RM 15 emplaced so as to tilt slightly away from the water to With reel mechanism RM thus in place on the ‘beach B, 40 should it be desired that the boat C be placed at anchor Retriever line R and haulback line HL are preferably coiled upon reel devices 10 and 12 in respectively reverse directions, as shown at FIG. 2, so that the normal man ner of operating, involving one line being taken up on one reel and the other line being let out from the other reel, can occur by rotation of the reels substantially in unison. As shown in FIG. 2, haulback line HE is led through pulley means P in turn attached to the boat anchor means A, and terminates in a hook 44 or the like, by means for a time, then reel devices 10 and 12 are rotated by the user to haul in on haulback line HB and let out on re triever line R so that the boat C is hauled off the beach and proceeds back out into the nearshore area NS as shown in the view of ‘FIG. 4 ?fth from the left. Such unbeaching action continues until the boat C is in the nearshore area NS at a proper distance from anchor means A to ‘be held at anchor thereby without dragging. With respect to a proper anchorage rigging it will imme diately be recognized by those in the art that the angle of of which it is suitably attachable to the boat C. Pulley haulback line HB between anchor means A and boat C means P suitably comprises a nylon sheave 146 and a swivel hook 48 by which such can be removably fastened to a suitable point of anchor means A, such as at ring 50 thereof, it being of course apparent that said pulley means 55 P can be secured to anchor means A in any other desired as shown in the view of FIG. 1 is too abrupt. For illus tration purposes, however, the presented illustrations in tentionally are not to scale, in order to show with as much clarity as possible other details of the arrangement. With the boat C in proper position to remain at anchor, manner. haulback line HB and retriever line R are secured by With respect to pulley means P, it has been found ad locking reels 12 and 10 against rotation by means of lock vantageous to provide nylon or like inserts 52 inside the ing pin 36. Should water and wind conditions so dictate, sheave trunnions 54 thereof to positively prevent any 60 haulback line HB can be doubly secured by also tying possibility of the haulback line HB being pinched between such to any heavy object on the beach, such as log L, the sheave 46 and a trunnion 54. It is preferable to use resulting arrangement with the boat C at anchor being nylon line for haulback line HB because such type of line shown in the right-hand view of FIG. 4 and in FIG. 1. is notably non-kinking. With such nylon line and a Retriever line R can of course be similarly double secured pulley means P such as shown, along with swivel hook 65 if appropriate. '46 and inserts 52, actual use has demonstrated the haul The placement of hook 44 of haulback line HB at the back line arrangement to be remarkably non-tangling. bow of boat C provides for a normal attitude of the boat Typical techniques for use of the reeling mechanism C when at anchor, it being of course the tendency of any RM illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3 will be described in con boat thus moored to be kept with its bow into the wind, nection with FIGS. 1 and 4, having particular reference 70 by wind and wave action. However, it will be apparent to FIG. 4, wherein is presented a series of somewhat dia that boat C can be anchored stern-on to the anchor by grammatic views illustrating the sequence of use involved. moving hook 44 to a stern location, if desired. While proceeding toward the beach B in the nearshore When it is desired to return the boat C to the beach B, area NS, as shown in the lefthand view of FIG. 4, and the haulback and retriever line HB and R are unsecured with reeling mechanism RM in a holding device 60 there 75 by untying haulback line HB from log L and by remov 5 3,063,402‘ 6 ing lock pin 36, then retriever line R is taken in and haul With respect to the beaching, unbeaching and near back line HB let out until the boat C is again at the beach B. Reeling mechanism RM is then removed from the beach B and placed ‘back on board boat C, whereupon haulback line HE is taken in on reel device 12 until the ‘boat is pulled oil? the beach and a?oat in the nearshore area NS, the manipulating sequence involved in this shore anchoring techniques characteristic of the inven tion, it is readily foreseeable and recognizable that other mechanisms and arrangements than those disclosed and discussed can be evolved for practice of the invention. Thus, for example, the boat manipulation to beach, un beach and anchor a boatmuch in the manner portrayed by the series of views presented at FIG. 4 can be accom operation being generally portrayed in thesequence re spectively shown by the third, second and ?rst views from plished without any reeling‘ mechanism RM whatsoever, the left in FIG. 4, haulback line HB of course being taut 10 simply by handling haulback line HB and retriever line during this unbeaching operation. Upon return of boat R as loose coils, the lines in such latter event being C to substantially the position shown in the left-hand view simply secured to a beach object when the boat is at anchor. Accordingly, the boat manipulation techniques of FIG. 4, anchor means A can be hoisted and boat C is then in condition to be fully underway. and concepts here presented are to be construed as by One very important advantage of the arrangement and 15' no means limited to use of the particular mechanism technique here presented is found in the additional lever here disclosed for practice thereof, in that, at least» in age or purchase available for unbeaching a boat. This some respects, the line handling involved can be done differently, even entirely manually. additional purchase or leverage makes practical an en~ tirely manual operation, even for boats of considerable From the foregoing discussion and accompanying illus size, and even when the user is alone. Anyone with 20 trations, other and further variations, modi?cations, fea small boat experience is‘ well aware of the very serious tures, advantages and attributes of the manner of prac di?’iculty of getting “off the beach” where strong wave tice of the invention and ‘the mechanisms used in con action, often coupled with a strong onshore wind, is encountered. The purchase or leverage action available junction therewith will be apparent to those skilled in the art, within the scope of the following claims. by the arrangement of haulback line HB through pulley means P in effect substantially doubles the pulling force exerted on the boat C, as compared with the hauling force exerted on haulback line'HB at reel device 12. By 25 What is claimed is: _ v1. The method of beaching and unbeaching a boat, comprising attaching one end of a haulback line to the boat after leading such through pulley means in turn attached directly to a boat anchor, bottoming such anchor virtue of the arrangement involving anchor attached pulley means P, the mechanism and technique is fully 30 in the nearshore area off the beach, beaching the boat while letting out said haulback line, the said haulback operable by a user when alone, and under conditions line thereby being disposed along the bottom in the near where it'would be-simply impossible for one man to unbeach a boat since, of course, he cannot be on board shore area while the boat is beached so as to not impede to operate the boat propulsion means and also be ashore olfshore tra?‘ic, disembarking and emplacing said haul to unground‘ the boat at the same time. ' As a re?nement of the additional leverage action char~ acteristic of the invention, it will be readily understood 35 back line on the beach, and unbeaching said boat by taking in on said haulback line. 2. The method of manipulating a beachable boat onto that further increase in the leverage action can be ac and off of a beach, comprising attaching one end of a complished by compounding the pulley means through haulback line to the boat after leading such through which haulback line HE is led. Thus, by way of a fur 40 pulley means in turn attached directly to a boat anchor, bottoming such anchor in the nearshore area off the beach, attaching one end of a retriever line to the boat, trates such an arrangement where the pulley means P’ beaching the boat, taking said haulback and retriever attached to anchor mean A comprises two sheaves 70 lines onto the beach, returning said boat to anchor in and 72 operated in conjunction with a single sheave 74 of a pulley means P" in turn attached to boat C by a 45 the nearshore area by taking in on said haulback line, then securing said haulback line on the beach, and there swivel hook 42’, with the end 76 of haulback line HR after taking in on said retriever line while allowing said in this instance being secured to said pulley means P". haulback line to play out and lie along the bottom when From such arrangement, and as will be evident, the in ther example in this respect, FIG. 5 fragmentarily illus crease in effective unbeaching force is substantially eight~ the boat is again at the beach, embarking said haulback fold. Of course, such arrangement requires a comparable 50 and retriever lines on the boat, hauling in on said haul back line until the boat is returned to near the anchor, increase of the length of haulback line HB, the length and hoisting said anchor to again place the boat in con requirement of haulback line HB for the arrangement dition to be fully underway with said lines and anchor shown in FIG. 5 being about four times the length re on board. quired for the associated retriever line. However, the 3. In combination with a :beachable boat aground on line holding capacity of reel device 12 on which holdback 55 a beach with its anchor bottomed in the nearshore area line HE is coiled can be readily increased simply by in off the beach, means for manipulating said boat off the creasing the width thereof, for example, and the order beach, comprising a haulback line led from a reeling of unbeaching leverage available from a compound pulley mechanism on the beach through a pulley directly at arrangement such as shown at FIG. 5 presents a very practical capability, particularly for boats of quite con~ 60 tached to said anchor with the end of said haulback line attached to the beached boat with the haulback line lying siderable size and for heavy weather use, such as em along the bottom in the nearshore area when the boat is ployed by the US. Coast Guard in motor whaleboat beached so as to not impede nearshore tra?ic, the unbeach search and rescue beaching operations, for example. ing of the boat being accomplished by taking in of said Another important feature of the beach anchorage ar rangement shown, as at FIG. 1 and in the right-hand 65 haulback line on said reeling mechanism Ibeing portable so that said haulback line can be thus manipulated with view of FIG. 4, is that a boat C thus at anchor is in effect said reeling device either on the beach or embarked on double moored, providing a signi?cant safety feature the boat. against a problem often encountered in nearshore area 4. The combination of claim 3, further comprising a anchoring, i.e. loss of the boat by a single anchor line parting or becoming unsecured, or by the anchor simply 70 reeling mechanism holding device on said boat near the stern thereof, in which said reeling mechanism is placed dragging. In the anchoring arrangement shown, should when manipulated on board said boat. either haulback line HB or retriever line R part or be 5. In combination with a beachable boat aground on come unsecured, the other serves to keep the boat from a beach with its anchor bottomed in the nearshore area leaving the nearshore area NS or, should the anchor off the beach; mechanism for manipulating said boat 01f means A drag, both lines HB and R still tether the boat. 75 the beach and securing same at anchor in said nearshore 3,063,402 10. Mechanism according to claim 8, wherein said area, comprising a haulback line led along the bot-tom from a portable reeling device on the beach through a pulley directly attached to said anchor and then led back along the bottom with the end thereof attached to the post means mounts at the top thereof a transversely dis posed hand grip means having an axial bore to snugly boat, the unbeaching of the boat being accomplished by in use. receive and store said locking pin when the latter is not 11. Mechanism according to claim 6, wherein said reel taking in of said haulback line on said reeling device, said reeling device further including means ‘for securing the ing devices are journaled for rotation on a common shaft passing transversely through a post means in the upper haulback line thereon when said boat has been pulled off the beach and is a?oat in said nearshore area. central portion thereof and a transversely extending foot 6. Means for-embarking upon and getting underway 10 rest and depth stop means is attached to said post means at the lower central portion thereof. in a boat placed at nearshore anchor off a beach by the _ 12. Mechanism according to claim 11, wherein said post means mounts hand grip means at the top thereof and terminates at its lower end in a pointed tip facilitating implantment thereof in the ground on the beach. mechanism of claim 5, said means being rigged in con junction with said mechanism and comprising a second reeling device on the beach, and a retriever line attached at one end to said boat and led directly to said second reeling device, said second reeling device serving as means for taking in said retriever line while letting out said , 13. The method of. un-beaching a boat, characterized haulback line to return the boat to the beach so that said reeling devices can be embarked upon the boat, where upon said ?rst mentioned reeling device serves as means for taking in said haulback line to move the boat off the beach into the nearshore area, after which the said anchor means can be hoisted on board to render the boat fully underway with the anchor and lines on board. 7. ‘Mechanism according to claim. 6, wherein means are provided for securing said reel devices against rota tion to selectively secure‘ said haulback and retriever lines at any desired play-out lengths. 8. Mechanism according to claim 7, wherein such securing means comprises aligned apertures in said reel devices and a post means, and a locking pin removably 20, " pound line and pulley means strung directly between said boat and an anchor bottomed offshore of the beach. 30, placed in such aligned apertures. 9. Mechanism according .to claim 6, wherein a post means mounts at the top thereof a transversely disposed hand grip means. ~ byvhauling in a line led from the boat along the bottom nearshore, and through a pulley directly attached to an anchor bottomed offshore of the beach. 14. The method of unbeaching a boat, characterized by hauling in a line led from the boat, along the bottom nearshore, and through pulley means directly attached to an anchor bottomed offshore of the beach. 15. The method of unbeaching a boat, characterized by manually hauling in a line to the beach from com 5 References Cited in the ?le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 262,843 632,238 Smith _______________ __ Aug. 15, 1882 Christensen ___________ __ Sept. 5,1899 OTHER REFERENCES “Popular Mechanics Boat Book,” 1935, page 279.