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Nov. 13, 1962
v. P. VALLQUYIST
3,053,402
BOAT REACHING AND ANCHORING TECHNIQUES AND MECHANISMS
Filed Aug. 31, 1960 .
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
V/NCf/YT P/l/[l/P VAllQl/IST
BYOl/Lo?b OM51 W
A TTOP/YfYS
Nov. 13, 1962
v. P. VALLQUIST
3,063,402
BOAT BEACHING AND ANCHORING TECHNIQUES AND MECHANISMS
Filed Aug. 31, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVEN TOR.
W/YCf/YT P///Z UP 141110067
“Wm A
United States Patent 0 M
3,063,402
Patented Nov. 13, 1962
‘1
2
3,063,402
is placed at anchor either bow on or stem on to the
Vincent Phillip Vallquist, 4219 Ashworth, Seattle, Wash.
Filed Aug. 31, 1960, Ser. No. 53,132
15 Claims. (CI. 115—7)
characteristics attributable to and inherent in the present
anchor as desired.
BOAT REACHING AND ANCHORING TECH
NIQUES AND MECHANISMS
These’ and other objects, features, advantages and
invention will be apparent from the following descrip
tion of certain techniques and mechanisms for practice
thereof, as presented by way of typical and therefore
The present invention relates to marine craft beac-hing,
non-limitive example in the following description, where
unbeaching, anchoring and retrieving techniques, and
in like alphabetical and numerical designations refer to
mechanisms for practicing such techniques, including a 10 like parts, and wherein:
portable reeling mechanism implantable on the beach
FIG. 1 is a somewhat diagrammatic view in vertical
and operatable for unbeaching purposes from either on ‘ cross section and elevation of the mechanism and rigging
the beach or on board the boat, such reeling mechanism
arrangement characteristic of the invention, showing the
in the particular, illustrative form disclosed compris
arrangement thereof for securing a boat at anchor in the
ing two independently operable reeling devices respective 15
ly carrying haulback ‘and retriever lines, the haulback
line being led through pulley means attachable to the
nearshore area off a beach in a manner so as to be readily
retrieved and returned to the beach;
FIG. 2 is an isometric view on an enlarged scale of the
anchor means of the boat. Construction details of the
reeling mechanism, haulback and retriever lines, anchor
reeling mechanism also includes a post means on which
attached pulley means and a fragment of the anchor means
the reeling devices are mounted, which post means is pro 20 shown in FIG. 1;
vided at the top thereof with hand grip means, and at
'FIG. 3 is a view in vertical elevation of the reeling mech
the lower end thereof with a pointed end and combi
anism shown in FIG. 1, with certain parts (principally the
nation foot rest and depth stop facilitating placement
reels and lines) shown in cross section;
thereof on the beach.
FIG. 4 is a somewhat diagrammatic series of plan views
The boat manipulating techniques and reeling mechan 25 showing a typical sequence in the beaching, unbeaching
ism characteristic of the invention address the often dif
and anchoring of a boat by a technique characteristic of
?cult and sometimes even dangerous boat handling
the invention, such sequence proceeding from the initial
problem involved in manipulating a boat onto and off
approach of the boat toward the beach to return of the
of a beach. At present, it is common practice to simply
‘boat to anchor in the nearshore area with the boat se
beach the boat and leave it on the beach, or anchor 30 cured at anchor, the right-hand view in the series presented
offshore and go ashore in a smaller boat, or to ashore
by FIG. 4 corresponding to the view thereof presented
by wading. Such be'aching practices are often quite im
at FIG. 1, and
practical and to be avoided if possible. Further, the
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary isometric View of a modi?ed
beached boat is often extremely difficult to get off the
form of haulback line rigging, for further increasing the
beach, particularly when wave action is heavy and/0r 35 available unbeaching force.
there is a strong onshore wind.
The present invention has as one principal objective,
Turning now to a more detailed consideration of the
nature of the manipulating techniques and mechanisms
feature, and advantage, the provision of a boat manipu
characteristic of the present invention, and to the par
lating technique ‘and mechanism whereby a boat can.
ticular illustrations thereof shown in the accompanying
be beached then simply, effectively and safely unbeached 40 drawings, it will be understood that a typical beach
irrespective of whether the occupant desires to unbeach
terrain involves a beach B, a shoreline SL and a near
the boat while embarked or disembarked.
As a directly related aspect of the invention stem
shore area NS off the beach.
As also shown in FIGS.
1 and 4, the general combination involved in practice
ming from its capability of unbeaching the boat while
of the present invention involves, in connection with a
disembarked, the present invention provides as another 45 boat or craft C, a haulback line HB led through a
principal feature and advantage thereof a technique and
pulley means P attached to the boat anchor means A,
means whereby a boat can be beached, then disembarked,
and a retriever line R, said haulback line HB and re
then placed at anchor in the nearshore area off the
triever line R being led to and taken in or let out from
beach, then retrieved, then embarked and again placed
a reeling mechanism RM which can be manipulated either
underway.
50 on board the boat C (as shown in the three left~hand
As a further related aspect and feature of the present
views of FIG. 4) or from the beach (as shown in FIG.
invention, the boat manipulating mechanism provided
1 and the three right-hand views of FIG. 4).
by the invention utilizes a haulback linewove through
As shown at FIGS. 2 and 3, the reeling mechanism
pulley means bottomed in the nearshore area near the
RM (also termable a “tree” because of its general ap
beach so that the taking in of the haulback line from 55 pearance at a distance and its manner of emplacement on
either a point on the beach or a position on board the
the beach in use) comprises two independently operatable
boat inherently provides a leverage advantage in terms
of the maximum available unbeaching force applied to
the boat even though the unbeaching be an entirely
reel devices 10 and 12, each rotatable about a common
axis provided by shaft 14 through a post or upright 16
in the upper central portion thereof, said reels 10 and 12
manual operation.
60 being removably mounted on said shaft 14 by wing nuts
Further features and advantages of the present in
18 and 20, spacers 22 and 24 being situated inboard of
vention are found in the simple, lightweight, easily stow
reel devices 10 and 12 to provide adequate spacing there
able reeling mechanism involved, in the non-fouling line
of from post 16. Respective hand grips 26 and 28 are
arrangement presented, and in inherent safety consider
also provided on the outboard sides of reel devices 10
ation-s pertaining to the double line moorage of a boat 65 and 12 near the edges thereof to facilitate rotation of the
placed at nearshore anchor by the technique of the in
vention.
Additional features and advantages characteristic of
_ reel devices by the user.
Post 16 is pointed at its lower end, as indicated at
30, to facilitate placement thereof in the beach ground
and a triangular shaped plate 32 is attached to post 16
the invention reside in a full use ?exibility inherent from
the nature of the manipulating mechanisms employed, as 70 in the lower central portion thereof to serve as a foot
to whether the boat is brought to the beach bow on,
rest and depth stop. At the top of post 16 a trans
stern on or even side on, and as to whether the boat
versely extending hand grip means 34 is placed, such
3
4
hand grip means 34 having an axial bore to snugly
receive and store a reel locking pin 36 when said reels
10 and 12 are to be rotated, such locking pin 36 when
used for securing either one or both of said reel devices
for near the stern of boat C (which holding device 69 can
be a simple, braced tube receiving the lower end of pOSt
16), hook 44 of haulback line HE is snapped onto a cleat
or eye on the boat, preferably at a stern location as at
10 and 12 against rotation being insertable through align
62, and swivel hook 48 of pulley means P is snapped onto
able apertures in reel devices 10 and 12, the outboard
the ring 50 of the boat anchor means A. Also, book 42
such aperture in reel device 12 being indicated in FIG.
of retriever line R is attached to the boat, preferably to
2 at 38, and an aperture ‘40 in post 16, the position of
a bow eye or cleat 64, at any suitable time, either on the
said locking pin 36 when securing both reel devices 10
way in to the beach or after the boat is beached. With
and 12 against rotation being indicated at FIG. 3 at 36’. l0 the reeling mechanism and haulback and retriever lines
As will be apparent, either of the reel devices 10 and
thus rigged, anchor means A is dropped in nearshore area
12 can be‘ secured against rotation without securing the
NS a suitable distance offshore, say about 80 feet, for ex
other by inserting said locking pin 36 only through the
ample. Then, as the boat proceeds toward the beach,
secured reel and aperture 40, as desired.
Coiled on reel 10 is a suitable length, say 100 feet,
of retriever line R, the free end of said line R terminat
ing in a hook 42 or other suitable device for attach
haulback line HE is played out and hook 44 thereof pref
erably moved to the bow eye or cleat 64, as shown in the
view second from left in FIG. 4. As will be apparent,
the boat C can be brought onto the beach bow-on, stern
ment thereof to boat C. Coiled on reel device 12 is a
on or side~on, as desired, it being preferable in SOmC’IIl
suitable length, say 200 feet, of haulback line HB, the
stances to ‘bring the boat C in stern ?rst for disembarkmg,
length of haulback line HB preferably being about twice 20 and such attitude of the boat is shown in the central views
the length of retriever line R in that the maximum extent
of FIG. 4, also by way of example. Though the boat C
of playout of said haulback line HE is about double the
can be maneuvered in any desired manner while moving
maximum playout of retriever line R in use of the
toward the beach B, the turning of the boat C around, as
device, as will be more apparent from the detailed de
shown in the view of FIG. 4 second from the left, will
scription of its manner of use, as presented below in 25 often naturally occur if the boat is simply allowed to drift
connection with FIG. 4.
onto the beach.
_
The size and consequent strength of the retriever line
With the boat C beached, the reel mechanism RM is
R and haulback line HB is determined by the size of
removed from its holder 60 and taken onto the beach, as
boat C to be handled. For example, one-quarter inch
shown in the view of FIG. 4 fourth from the left, the reel
nylon line has been found quite suitable for handling 30 mechanism RM being implanted in the ‘beach ground
boats up to about 20 feet in length. And, for reasons
which will appear with respect to the operation of the
above the high water mark of shoreline SL (also see FIG.
1). Placement of reel mechanism RM in the beach
device to move a boat off a beach, haulback line HB
ground can be accomplished in a manner very similar to
the manner of use of a shovel, foot rest 32 and hand grip
should be substantially stronger than retriever line R.
In a typical arrangement, haulback line HL has a test 35 means 34 permitting both hand and foot pressure for such
strength of about 1200 pounds and retriever line R has
a test strength of about 800 pounds. It is of course
self-evident that the lengths, sizes and strengths of haul
emplacement.
improve its holding ‘action.
back line HB and retriever line R can be varied to meet
particular operating requirements.
Preferably, said reel mechanism RM 15
emplaced so as to tilt slightly away from the water to
With reel mechanism RM thus in place on the ‘beach B,
40 should it be desired that the boat C be placed at anchor
Retriever line R and haulback line HL are preferably
coiled upon reel devices 10 and 12 in respectively reverse
directions, as shown at FIG. 2, so that the normal man
ner of operating, involving one line being taken up on
one reel and the other line being let out from the other
reel, can occur by rotation of the reels substantially in
unison.
As shown in FIG. 2, haulback line HE is led through
pulley means P in turn attached to the boat anchor means
A, and terminates in a hook 44 or the like, by means
for a time, then reel devices 10 and 12 are rotated by the
user to haul in on haulback line HB and let out on re
triever line R so that the boat C is hauled off the beach
and proceeds back out into the nearshore area NS as
shown in the view of ‘FIG. 4 ?fth from the left. Such
unbeaching action continues until the boat C is in the
nearshore area NS at a proper distance from anchor
means A to ‘be held at anchor thereby without dragging.
With respect to a proper anchorage rigging it will imme
diately be recognized by those in the art that the angle of
of which it is suitably attachable to the boat C. Pulley
haulback line HB between anchor means A and boat C
means P suitably comprises a nylon sheave 146 and a
swivel hook 48 by which such can be removably fastened
to a suitable point of anchor means A, such as at ring 50
thereof, it being of course apparent that said pulley means 55
P can be secured to anchor means A in any other desired
as shown in the view of FIG. 1 is too abrupt. For illus
tration purposes, however, the presented illustrations in
tentionally are not to scale, in order to show with as much
clarity as possible other details of the arrangement.
With the boat C in proper position to remain at anchor,
manner.
haulback line HB and retriever line R are secured by
With respect to pulley means P, it has been found ad
locking reels 12 and 10 against rotation by means of lock
vantageous to provide nylon or like inserts 52 inside the
ing pin 36. Should water and wind conditions so dictate,
sheave trunnions 54 thereof to positively prevent any 60 haulback line HB can be doubly secured by also tying
possibility of the haulback line HB being pinched between
such to any heavy object on the beach, such as log L, the
sheave 46 and a trunnion 54. It is preferable to use
resulting arrangement with the boat C at anchor being
nylon line for haulback line HB because such type of line
shown in the right-hand view of FIG. 4 and in FIG. 1.
is notably non-kinking. With such nylon line and a
Retriever line R can of course be similarly double secured
pulley means P such as shown, along with swivel hook 65 if appropriate.
'46 and inserts 52, actual use has demonstrated the haul
The placement of hook 44 of haulback line HB at the
back line arrangement to be remarkably non-tangling.
bow of boat C provides for a normal attitude of the boat
Typical techniques for use of the reeling mechanism
C when at anchor, it being of course the tendency of any
RM illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3 will be described in con
boat thus moored to be kept with its bow into the wind,
nection with FIGS. 1 and 4, having particular reference 70 by wind and wave action. However, it will be apparent
to FIG. 4, wherein is presented a series of somewhat dia
that boat C can be anchored stern-on to the anchor by
grammatic views illustrating the sequence of use involved.
moving hook 44 to a stern location, if desired.
While proceeding toward the beach B in the nearshore
When it is desired to return the boat C to the beach B,
area NS, as shown in the lefthand view of FIG. 4, and
the haulback and retriever line HB and R are unsecured
with reeling mechanism RM in a holding device 60 there 75 by untying haulback line HB from log L and by remov
5
3,063,402‘
6
ing lock pin 36, then retriever line R is taken in and haul
With respect to the beaching, unbeaching and near
back line HB let out until the boat C is again at the beach
B. Reeling mechanism RM is then removed from the
beach B and placed ‘back on board boat C, whereupon
haulback line HE is taken in on reel device 12 until the
‘boat is pulled oil? the beach and a?oat in the nearshore
area NS, the manipulating sequence involved in this
shore anchoring techniques characteristic of the inven
tion, it is readily foreseeable and recognizable that other
mechanisms and arrangements than those disclosed and
discussed can be evolved for practice of the invention.
Thus, for example, the boat manipulation to beach, un
beach and anchor a boatmuch in the manner portrayed
by the series of views presented at FIG. 4 can be accom
operation being generally portrayed in thesequence re
spectively shown by the third, second and ?rst views from
plished without any reeling‘ mechanism RM whatsoever,
the left in FIG. 4, haulback line HB of course being taut 10 simply by handling haulback line HB and retriever line
during this unbeaching operation. Upon return of boat
R as loose coils, the lines in such latter event being
C to substantially the position shown in the left-hand view
simply secured to a beach object when the boat is at
anchor. Accordingly, the boat manipulation techniques
of FIG. 4, anchor means A can be hoisted and boat C
is then in condition to be fully underway.
and concepts here presented are to be construed as by
One very important advantage of the arrangement and 15' no means limited to use of the particular mechanism
technique here presented is found in the additional lever
here disclosed for practice thereof, in that, at least» in
age or purchase available for unbeaching a boat. This
some respects, the line handling involved can be done
differently, even entirely manually.
additional purchase or leverage makes practical an en~
tirely manual operation, even for boats of considerable
From the foregoing discussion and accompanying illus
size, and even when the user is alone. Anyone with 20 trations, other and further variations, modi?cations, fea
small boat experience is‘ well aware of the very serious
tures, advantages and attributes of the manner of prac
di?’iculty of getting “off the beach” where strong wave
tice of the invention and ‘the mechanisms used in con
action, often coupled with a strong onshore wind, is
encountered. The purchase or leverage action available
junction therewith will be apparent to those skilled in
the art, within the scope of the following claims.
by the arrangement of haulback line HB through pulley
means P in effect substantially doubles the pulling force
exerted on the boat C, as compared with the hauling
force exerted on haulback line'HB at reel device 12. By
25
What is claimed is:
_
v1. The method of beaching and unbeaching a boat,
comprising attaching one end of a haulback line to the
boat after leading such through pulley means in turn
attached directly to a boat anchor, bottoming such anchor
virtue of the arrangement involving anchor attached
pulley means P, the mechanism and technique is fully 30 in the nearshore area off the beach, beaching the boat
while letting out said haulback line, the said haulback
operable by a user when alone, and under conditions
line thereby being disposed along the bottom in the near
where it'would be-simply impossible for one man to
unbeach a boat since, of course, he cannot be on board
shore area while the boat is beached so as to not impede
to operate the boat propulsion means and also be ashore
olfshore tra?‘ic, disembarking and emplacing said haul
to unground‘ the boat at the same time. '
As a re?nement of the additional leverage action char~
acteristic of the invention, it will be readily understood
35 back line on the beach, and unbeaching said boat by
taking in on said haulback line.
2. The method of manipulating a beachable boat onto
that further increase in the leverage action can be ac
and off of a beach, comprising attaching one end of a
complished by compounding the pulley means through
haulback line to the boat after leading such through
which haulback line HE is led. Thus, by way of a fur 40 pulley means in turn attached directly to a boat anchor,
bottoming such anchor in the nearshore area off the
beach, attaching one end of a retriever line to the boat,
trates such an arrangement where the pulley means P’
beaching the boat, taking said haulback and retriever
attached to anchor mean A comprises two sheaves 70
lines onto the beach, returning said boat to anchor in
and 72 operated in conjunction with a single sheave 74
of a pulley means P" in turn attached to boat C by a 45 the nearshore area by taking in on said haulback line,
then securing said haulback line on the beach, and there
swivel hook 42’, with the end 76 of haulback line HR
after taking in on said retriever line while allowing said
in this instance being secured to said pulley means P".
haulback line to play out and lie along the bottom when
From such arrangement, and as will be evident, the in
ther example in this respect, FIG. 5 fragmentarily illus
crease in effective unbeaching force is substantially eight~
the boat is again at the beach, embarking said haulback
fold. Of course, such arrangement requires a comparable 50 and retriever lines on the boat, hauling in on said haul
back line until the boat is returned to near the anchor,
increase of the length of haulback line HB, the length
and hoisting said anchor to again place the boat in con
requirement of haulback line HB for the arrangement
dition to be fully underway with said lines and anchor
shown in FIG. 5 being about four times the length re
on board.
quired for the associated retriever line. However, the
3. In combination with a :beachable boat aground on
line holding capacity of reel device 12 on which holdback 55
a beach with its anchor bottomed in the nearshore area
line HE is coiled can be readily increased simply by in
off the beach, means for manipulating said boat off the
creasing the width thereof, for example, and the order
beach, comprising a haulback line led from a reeling
of unbeaching leverage available from a compound pulley
mechanism on the beach through a pulley directly at
arrangement such as shown at FIG. 5 presents a very
practical capability, particularly for boats of quite con~ 60 tached to said anchor with the end of said haulback line
attached to the beached boat with the haulback line lying
siderable size and for heavy weather use, such as em
along the bottom in the nearshore area when the boat is
ployed by the US. Coast Guard in motor whaleboat
beached so as to not impede nearshore tra?ic, the unbeach
search and rescue beaching operations, for example.
ing of the boat being accomplished by taking in of said
Another important feature of the beach anchorage ar
rangement shown, as at FIG. 1 and in the right-hand 65 haulback line on said reeling mechanism Ibeing portable
so that said haulback line can be thus manipulated with
view of FIG. 4, is that a boat C thus at anchor is in effect
said reeling device either on the beach or embarked on
double moored, providing a signi?cant safety feature
the boat.
against a problem often encountered in nearshore area
4. The combination of claim 3, further comprising a
anchoring, i.e. loss of the boat by a single anchor line
parting or becoming unsecured, or by the anchor simply 70 reeling mechanism holding device on said boat near the
stern thereof, in which said reeling mechanism is placed
dragging. In the anchoring arrangement shown, should
when manipulated on board said boat.
either haulback line HB or retriever line R part or be
5. In combination with a beachable boat aground on
come unsecured, the other serves to keep the boat from
a beach with its anchor bottomed in the nearshore area
leaving the nearshore area NS or, should the anchor
off the beach; mechanism for manipulating said boat 01f
means A drag, both lines HB and R still tether the boat. 75 the beach and securing same at anchor in said nearshore
3,063,402
10. Mechanism according to claim 8, wherein said
area, comprising a haulback line led along the bot-tom
from a portable reeling device on the beach through a
pulley directly attached to said anchor and then led back
along the bottom with the end thereof attached to the
post means mounts at the top thereof a transversely dis
posed hand grip means having an axial bore to snugly
boat, the unbeaching of the boat being accomplished by
in use.
receive and store said locking pin when the latter is not
11. Mechanism according to claim 6, wherein said reel
taking in of said haulback line on said reeling device, said
reeling device further including means ‘for securing the
ing devices are journaled for rotation on a common shaft
passing transversely through a post means in the upper
haulback line thereon when said boat has been pulled
off the beach and is a?oat in said nearshore area.
central portion thereof and a transversely extending foot
6. Means for-embarking upon and getting underway 10 rest and depth stop means is attached to said post means
at the lower central portion thereof.
in a boat placed at nearshore anchor off a beach by the
_ 12. Mechanism according to claim 11, wherein said
post means mounts hand grip means at the top thereof and
terminates at its lower end in a pointed tip facilitating
implantment thereof in the ground on the beach.
mechanism of claim 5, said means being rigged in con
junction with said mechanism and comprising a second
reeling device on the beach, and a retriever line attached
at one end to said boat and led directly to said second
reeling device, said second reeling device serving as means
for taking in said retriever line while letting out said
, 13. The method of. un-beaching a boat, characterized
haulback line to return the boat to the beach so that said
reeling devices can be embarked upon the boat, where
upon said ?rst mentioned reeling device serves as means
for taking in said haulback line to move the boat off the
beach into the nearshore area, after which the said anchor
means can be hoisted on board to render the boat fully
underway with the anchor and lines on board.
7. ‘Mechanism according to claim. 6, wherein means
are provided for securing said reel devices against rota
tion to selectively secure‘ said haulback and retriever lines
at any desired play-out lengths.
8. Mechanism according to claim 7, wherein such
securing means comprises aligned apertures in said reel
devices and a post means, and a locking pin removably
20,
" pound line and pulley means strung directly between
said boat and an anchor bottomed offshore of the beach.
30,
placed in such aligned apertures.
9. Mechanism according .to claim 6, wherein a post
means mounts at the top thereof a transversely disposed
hand grip means.
~
byvhauling in a line led from the boat along the bottom
nearshore, and through a pulley directly attached to an
anchor bottomed offshore of the beach.
14. The method of unbeaching a boat, characterized
by hauling in a line led from the boat, along the bottom
nearshore, and through pulley means directly attached
to an anchor bottomed offshore of the beach.
15. The method of unbeaching a boat, characterized
by manually hauling in a line to the beach from com
5
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
262,843
632,238
Smith _______________ __ Aug. 15, 1882
Christensen ___________ __ Sept. 5,1899
OTHER REFERENCES
“Popular Mechanics Boat Book,” 1935, page 279.
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