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Nov. 13, 1962
H. H. ELSITNER
3,063,416
HORIZONTAL SELF-FEEDING SILO
Filed April 5, 1960
2 Sheets-S
at 1
HILTON H ELSTNER.
ATTORNEYS
NOV- 13, 1962
H. H. ELSTNER
3,063,416
HORIZONTAL SELF-FEEDING SILO
' Filed April 5, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
F1E.E
INVENTOR
HILTON H. ELS'TNER
P;
' .
ATTORNEYS
U ite
atent
1
hire
3,963,416?
Patented Nov. 13, 1952
Z
3,063,416
livestock ‘or cattle from the interior of the silo, there being
Hilton H. Elstner, RFD. 2, Hallettsvilie, Tex.
Fiied Apr. 5, 1960, Ser. No. 2ii,ll68
11 Ciairns. (Cl. 11§—51)
silo to provide a suitable support for the cattle or other
a movable apron provided at one or both ends of the
HORIZONTAL SELF-FEEDING SIM)
livestock feeding from the silo.
A still further object of the invention is the provision
of a horizontal self-feeding silo in which movable clo
This invention relates to the storage and feeding of
livestock feed, such as ensilage and more particularly to
sures are provided at one or both ends of the silo, such
closures being divided into two transversely spaced sec
a horizontal silo which may be conveniently utilized to
tions or panels, there being an opening provided in each
store livestock feed in any desired amount and which 10 panel to permit feeding by cattle from one or both sides
permits convenient consumption of such feed directly
of the silo, together with closure means for the open
from the silo by cattle or other livestock.
ings and means to maintain the closure means in open
Heretofore ensilage has normally been stored in cir
position to permit feeding from either or both sides of
cular upright silos which constitute permanent and rela
the silo.
tively costly structures and moreover, the capacity of 15
Another object of the invention is the provision of a
these prior art silos could not be varied thereby necessi—
horizontal self-feeding silo constructed of side walls, in
tating the construction of a silo to accommodate the
maximum quantity of ensilage which it was expected to
cluding wall sections diverging upwardly from the ground,
there being tie bars connecting the lower edges of the
store and this resulted in waste space and a greater cost
opposed sections to prevent undue spreading thereof re
than was sometimes necessary. It has also been prO~ 20 sulting from the weight of ensilage or other livestock
posed to store feed or ensilage in stacks on the ground
feed Within the silo.
or in pits dug in the ground, but this has not proved par
Further objects and advantages of the invention Will
be apparent from the following description taken in con
ticularly satisfactory, in that the feed or ensilage is not .
properly con?ned or protected from the elements and
junction with the accompanying drawing wherein:
furthermore, was easily scattered and wasted by cattle or 25
FIG. 1 is a view in perspective showing a horizontal
livestock.
self-feeding silo constructed in accordance with this in~
It is accordingly an object of the present invention to
vention and with the door for closing the feeding opening
provide a horizontal self-feeding silo which may be con
in one end closure shown in open position to permit feed
veniently and economically constructed on any available
ing from the silo;
plot of substantially level ground and in which the size 30
FIG. 2 an enlarged end elevational view of the silo
of the silo may be conveniently varied to accommodate
shown in FIG. 1 and with the door in closed position;
any desired quantity of ensilage or other feed.
FIG. 3 a further enlarged fragmentary view in per
A further object of the invention is the provision of a
spective showing the engagement of the supporting means
horizontal self-feeding silo which may be conveniently
for the closures With the rails on the upper edges of the
and economically constructed from material readily avail
sidewalls of the silo, as well as the waterproof lining for
able on a farm and in which the silo may be erected in
the
sidewalls;
any suitable location.
A still further object of the invention is the provision
of a horizontal self-feeding silo which may be constructed
and erected without special tools or any particular special 40
skill and which will serve to adequately contain and pro
FIG. 4 a fragmentary view to an enlarged scale show
ing the manner of releasably connecting one wall section
to another; and
FIG. 5 an end elevational view of a modi?ed form
of the invention showing an end closure divided into two
sections.
Another object of the inevntion is the provision of a
With continued reference to the drawing, there is shown
horizontal self-feeding silo in which movable closures
a
horizontal self-feeding silo constructed in accordance
are provided at one or ‘both ends of the silo, such closures 45
with this invention and which may well comprise spaced
‘being provided with openings to permit direct feeding by
sidewalls 10 and 11 supported on the ground and diverg
livestock or cattle from the interior of the silo and in
ing
upwardly. Each sidewall may be composed of sec—
which the closures are moved inwardly toward the center
tions 12, 13 and 14, although ‘any number of such sec
of the silo as the feed is consumed, such inward move
ment being accomplished manually or by the pressure of 50 tions may be employed. Each section may be made up
of boards secured together by suitable vertical and hori
the cattle or other livestock against the closures.
zontal cleats l5 and 16 respectively and as best shown in
A further object of the invention is the provision of
FIGS. 1 and 4, adjacent sections may be releasably se
a horizontal self-feeding silo ‘which serves to provide for
cured together by an eye 17 secured to one section, such
storage of ensilage or other livestock feed and which per
as 13 as shown in FIG. 4 and overlapping and in align
mits direct feeding by cattle or livestock from the silo
' tect ensilage or other feed for cattle or livestock.
there being means provided for preventing such feeding
55
ment with another eye 18 secured to a section, such as
12 and with a pin 19 removably inserted through the
aligned eyes 17 and 18, the pin 19 operating to hold the
adjacent sections in position. In this manner, the silo
of removable sections to permit construction of a silo of 60 may be constructed in any desired length and thereby
accommodate any desired quantity of ensilage or live
any desired size, there being convenient releasable means
stock feed.
for securing adjacent sections together, each section also
In order to properly support the sidewalls 10 and 11
being provided with suitable support and bracing means.
in position on the ground, each section of each sidewall
Another object of the invention is the provision of a
horizontal self~feeding silo in which movable closures 65 may be provided with a plurality of foot members 20
and 21 secured to each section adjacent the lower edge
are provided at one or both ends of the silo, there being
thereof and extending outwardly therefrom and connected
means provided for limiting movement of such closures
when desired.
A still further object of the invention is the provision of
a horizontal self-feeding silo including side walls made up
to each foot member 20 and 21 adjacent the outer ends
thereof, are upwardly and inwardly extending brace mem
horizontal self-feeding silo in which movable closures 70 bers 22 and 23 secured to each section below the upper
are provided at one or both ends of the silo, such closures
edge thereof. In order to provide further bracing for
being provided with openings to permit direct feeding by
the sidewalls, tie members 24 and 25 may be connected
as desired.
A further object of the invention is the provision of a
3,063,416
between the section and the brace member 22 and tie
members 26 and 27 may also be connected between the
section and the brace member 23. The foot members
merit of the closure 30 to a certain point within the silo
20 and 21 ?rmly engage the ground and through the
brace members 22 and 23 and the tie members 24, 25,
26 and 27 ?rmly support each section forming the side
walls in position. Since ensilage or other livestock feed
locations.
With particular reference to FIG. 5, there is shown a
slightly modi?ed form of the invention in which the
within-the silo-tends to force‘ the sidewalls 1t) and 11
apart, particularly at the bottom, there has been provided
a plurality of tie bars 23 connecting the lower edges of
opposed sections 12, 13 and 14 at spaced points. if
and when it is desired to permit feeding beyond this point,
the ?exible members 46 and 47 may be moved to new
movable closure is divided into two sections 48 and 49,
there being a vertically disposed rod 50 removably re
ceived in a socket 51 and secured thereto by a removable
pin 52, the socket 51 and rod 50 depending from the
bar 33 substantially midway of the length thereof. The
closure 48 may well comprise a panel 53 provided with
desired; and in order to protect the sidewalls 10 and 11
a horizontal opening 54 which may be closed by a door
from moisture or juices exuding from the ensilage or
55 hingedly mounted on the panel 53. A chain or other
other livestock feed, the interior surface of the sidewalls
10 and'll may be covered with a waterproof lining 29 15 suitable means 57 may be utilized to hold the door 55
in open position in the same manner as the door in the
of metal or other suitable material as clearly shown in
?rst described form of the invention.
FIG. 3.
In a similar manner, the closure 49 may comprise a
One or both ends of the silo of‘this invention may be
panel 53 having a horizontal opening 59 therein and a
closed by a suitable movable closure 30 which may com
door 68* for closing the opening 59 is hingedly mounted
prise a panel 31 constructed in any suitable manner and
by hinges 61 on the panel 58. A chain or other suitable
suspended by links 32 or other suitable suspension means
means 62 may be provided for holding the door 60 in
from a bar 33 extending across the silo and above the
open position as previously described.
upper edges of the sidewalls 1i} and 11. The upper edge
The closures 48 and'49 are suspended from the bar
of sidewall 16 is provided with a track 34 extending
throughout the length thereof and the sidewall 11 is 25 30 by links 63 or other suitable means and a removable
also provided with a similar track 35 extending through
pin 613 may extend through portions of the closures 48
and 49 and through the rod 56 in order to connect the
out the length thereof. The bar 33 is provided at op
closures 48 and 49 and the rod 50 together as a unit. The
posite ends with rollers 36 and 37 which serve to engage
above described closure structure permits feeding from
the tracks 34 and 35 respectively and support the bar
33 and closure 30 suspended therefrom for movement 30 either or both sides of the silo as may be desired.
It will be seen that by the above described invention
longitudinally of the silo. The rollers 36 and 37 may
there has been provided a convenient and economical
well comprise sleeves rotatably received on the ends of
silo for storage of ensilage or other livestock feed which
the bar 33. In order to prevent inadvertent disengage
may be conveniently and economically constructed and
ment of the rollers 36 and 37 from the tracks 34 and 35,
there may be provided downwardly extending ?ngers 3S 35 also erected on any suitable piece of ground and which
will serve to adequately contain and protect ensilage or
and 39 on each end of the bar 33 and such ?ngers will
other livestock feed and permit feeding of such contents
serve to engage the sidewalls 10 and 11 and prevent in
directly from the silo.
advertent displacement of the rollers 36 and 37 from the
It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various
tracks 34 and 35. In order to provide additional strength
for the bar 33, there may be provided a truss structure 40 changes may be made in the invention without departing
‘from the spirit and'scope thereof and therefore the inven
40 on the upper side thereof.
tion is not limited by that which is shown in the drawing
The panel 31 comprising the end closure 30 is pro
and described in the speci?cation, but only as indicated
vided with a horizontal opening 41 therein to expose the
in the appended claims.
contents of the silo to permit cattle or other livestock
What is claimed is:
to feed therefrom and as the feed in the silo is consumed,
‘1.
A horizontal self-feeding silo comprising spaced
the closure 30 is moved inwardly of the silo toward the
sidewalls supported on the ground and‘ diverging up
center thereof by pressure of the cattle or other livestock
wardly, each sidewall being composed of removable sec
against the closure, In order to provide ?rm footing
tions placed end to end, whereby the horizontal length of
for cattle or other livestock feeding from the silo through
said silo may be varied, means for securing said sections
the opening 41 in the closure 30, there may be provided
a movable apron 42 of any suitable material which, as
clearly shown in FIG. 1, is disposed on the ground be
tween the sidewalls 16 and 11 and adjacent the closure 30.
At. certain times it may be desirable to prevent feeding
of cattle from the silo and for this purpose there may
be provided a door 43 for closing the opening 41 and the
door 43 may be mounted by hinges 44 on the panel 31
of the closure 30 for movement from a closed position
as shown in FIG. 2, to an open position as shown in
FIG. 1. In order to support the door 43 in open posi
tion, there may be provided a chain 45 or other suitable
means for connecting the outer edge'of the door 43 with
the upper edge of the panel 31 in order to‘retain the
door 43 in open position as clearly shown in FIG. 1.
As stated, a movable closure 30 may be provided at each
end of the silo or a ?xed closure may be provided at one
end and a movable closure at the other.
Since at certain times it may be desirable to prevent
together, a plurality of braces for supporting each section,
each brace comprising a foot member secured'to a sec
tion adjacent the lower edge and projecting outwardly
in engagement with the ground, a brace member secured
to the section below the upper edge and extending out
wardly and downwardly and connected to said foot mem—
ber adjacent the outer end and tie members connected
between the section and‘said brace member, tie bars con
necting the'lower edges of opposed sections at spaced
points, a waterproof lining on the inner surface of each
section,- a track on the upper edge of each section extend
ing throughout the length thereof, a movable closure for
each end of said silo, each closure comprising a bar ex
tending across said silo above said tracks, rollers on each
end of said bar engaging said tracks, a truss on the upper
side of said bar, a panel suspended from said bar be
tween said sidewalls, to close the end of said silo, down
wardly extending ?ngers on the outer ends of said bar to
prevent disengagement of said rollers from said tracks,
feeding cattle beyond a certain point in the silo without
the necessity for closing the door 43, there may be pro 70 said panel having a horizontal opening to expose the con
tents of said silo for direct feeding by cattle, said closures
vided ?exible members, such as chains 46 and 47 con
being moved inwardly by pressure of the cattle against
nected to each end of the bar 33 and in turn, releasably
connected to the brace members 22 and 23 or to other
fastening means on the sidewalls 10 and 11. In thisman
ner, the ?exible members 46 and 47 will only permit'rnove
said panels as the contents of said silo are consumed, a
door for closing the opening in each panel, each door
being hingedly mounted on a horizontal axis adjacent
3,063,416
5
6
the upper side of each opening, means for holding said
doors in open position above said openings, ?exible means
connected to said opposite ends of said bars and releas
ably connected to said sections to limit inward movement
leasably connected to said sections to limit inward move
ment of said closures.
4. A horizontal. self-feeding silo comprising spaced
of said closures and a movable apron disposed on the
sidewalls supported on the ground and diverging up
wardly, each sidewall being composed of removable sec
ground in front of each closure.
tions placed end to end, whereby the horizontal length
2. A horizontal self-feeding silo comprising spaced
of said silo may be varied, means for securing said sec
tions together, a plurality of braces for supporting each
section, each brace comprising a foot member secured
tions placed end to end, whereby the horizontal length 10 to a section adjacent the lower edge and projecting out
of said silo may be varied, means for securing said sec
wardly in engagement with the ground, a brace member
tions together, a plurality of braces for supporting each
secured to a section below the upper edge and extending
section, each brace comprising a foot member secured
outwardly and downwardly and connected to said foot
to a section adjacent the lower edge and projecting out
member adjacent the outer end and tie members con
wardly in engagement with the ground, a brace member 15 nected between the section and said brace member, tie
secured to a section below the upper edge and extending
bars connecting the lower edges of opposed sections at
outwardly and downwardly and connected to said foot
spaced points, a waterproof lining on the inner surface
sidewalls supported on the ground and diverging up
wardly, each sidewall being composed of removable sec
member adjacent the outer end and tie members con
of each section, a track on the upper edge of each sec
nected between the section and said brace member, tie
tion extending throughout the length thereof, a movable
bars connecting the lower edges of opposed sections at 20 closure for each end of said silo, each closure compris
spaced points, a waterproof lining on the inner surface
ing a bar extending across said silo above said tracks,
of each section, a track on the upper edge of each sec~
rollers on each end of said bar engaging said tracks, a
tion extending throughout the length thereof, a movable
panel suspended from said bar ibetween said sidewalls
closure for each end of said silo, each closure compris
to close the end of said silo, downwardly extending ?n
ing a bar extending across said silo above said tracks, 25 gers on the outer ends of said bar to prevent disengage
rollers on each end of said bar engaging said tracks, a
ment of said rollers from said tracks, said panel having
truss on the upper side of said bar, a panel suspended
a horizontal opening to expose the contents of said silo
from said bar between said sidewalls to close the end
for direct feeding by cattle, said closure being moved
of said silo, downwardly extending ?ngers .on the outer
inwardly by pressure of the cattle against said panel as
ends of said bar to prevent disengagement of said roll 30 the contents of said silo are consumed, a door for clos
ers from said tracks, said panel having a horizontal open
ing the opening in each panel, each door being hingedly
ing to expose the contents of said silo for direct feed
mounted on a horizontal axis adjacent the upper side of
ing by cattle, said closures being moved inwardly by
each opening and means for holding said doors in open
pressure of the cattle against said panels as the con
position above said openings.
tents of said silo are consumed, a door for closing the 35
opening in each panel, each door being hingedly mounted
5. A horizontal self-feeding silo comprising spaced
on a horizontal axis adjacent the upper side of each open
sidewalls supported on the ground and diverging up
wardly, each sidewall being composed of removable sec
ing, means for holding said doors in open position above
tions placed end to end, whereby the horizontal length
said openings and ?exible means connected to the op
posite ends of said bars and releasably connected to said
sections to limit inward movement of said closures.
of said silo may be varied, means for securing said sec_
tions together, a plurality of braces for supporting each
section, each brace comprising a foot member secured to
a section adjacent the lower edge and projecting out
wardly in engagement with the ground, a brace member
secured to a section below the upper edge and extending
45 outwardly and downwardly and connected to said foot
3. A horizontal self-feeding silo comprising spaced
sidewalls supported on the ground and divering upwardly,
each side wall being composed of removable sections
placed end to end, whereby the horizontal length of said
silo may be varied, means for securing said sections to
gether, a plurality of braces for supporting each sec
tion, each ‘brace comprising a foot member secured to
a section adjacent the lower edge and projecting out—
wardly in engagement with the ground, a brace member 50
secured to a section below the upper edge and extend
ing outwardly and downwardly and connected to said
foot member adjacent the outer end and tie members
connected between the section and said brace member,
tie bars connecting the lower edges of opposed sec
tions at spaced points, a waterproof lining on the inner
surface of each section, a track on the upper edge of
each section extending throughout the length thereof, a
member adjacent the outer end and tie members con
nected between the section and said brace member, tie
bars connecting the lower edges of opposed sections at
adjacent points, a track on the upper edge of each section
extending throughout the length thereof, a movable clos
ure for each end of said silo, each closure comprising
a bar extending across said silo above said tracks, rollers
on each end of said bar engaging said tracks, a panel
suspended from said bar between said sidewalls to close
the end of said silo, downwardly extending ?ngers on the
outer ends of said bar to prevent disengagement of said
rollers from said tracks, said panel having a horizontal
opening to expose the contents of said silo for direct
movable closure ‘for each end of said silo, each closure
feeding by cattle, said closures being moved inwardly by
comprising a bar extending across said silo above said 60 pressure of the cattle against said panel as the contents
tracks, rollers on each end of said bar engaging said
of said silo are consumed, a door for closing the opening
in each panel, each door being hingedly mounted on a
tracks, a panel suspended from said bar between said
horizontal axis adjacent the upper side of each opening
sidewall to close the end of said silo, downwardly ex
and means for holding said doors in open position above
tending ?ngers on the outer ends of said bar to pre
vent disengagement of said rollers from said tracks, said 65 said openings.
6. A horizontal self-feeding silo as de?ned in claim 5
panel having a horizontal opening to expose the con;
in which the means for securing said sections together
tents of said silo for direct feeding by cattle, said closures
being moved inwardly by pressure of the cattle against
comprises overlapping pairs of eye members on adjacent
sections and removable pins extending through each pair
said panels as the contents of said silo are consumed, 70 of eye members.
a door for closing the opening in each panel, each door
being hingedly mounted on a horizontal axis adjacent
the upper side of each opening, means for holding said
doors in open position above said openings and ?exible
7. A horizontal self-feeding silo comprising spaced
sidewalls supported on the ground and diverging up
wardly, each sidewall being composed of removable sec
tions placed end to end, whereby the horizontal length
means connected to opposite ends of said bars and re 75 of said silo may be varied, means for securing said sec
‘8,063,416
tions together, a plurality of braces‘for supporting each
section, each brace comprising a foot'member secured to
a section adjacent the lower edge and projecting outwardly
-in engagement with'the ground, a brace member vsecured
to a section below the upper edge and‘extending outwardly
and downwardly and connected'to said foot‘member ad
jacent the outer end and tie members'connected between
the section and said brace member, tie bars'connecting
the lower‘edges of opposed sections at spaced points, a
track on the upper edge of each section extending through
out the length thereof, a movable closure for one end of
said silo, said closure comprising a bar extending across
said silo above said tracks, rollers on'each end of said
vbar engaging said tracks, a panel suspended from said
bar between said sidewalls to close the ends of said silo, ~
means to prevent disengagement of said rollers from
said tracks, said panel'having a horizontal ‘opening to
expose the contents of said silo for direct feeding by cattle,
said closure being moved inwardly by pressure of the
cattle against said panel asthe ‘contents of said silo ‘are
consumed, a door for closing the opening in said panel,
said door 'being hingedly mounted on a horizontal'axis
‘engaging the upperside of said opening and means for
holding said door in open position ‘above said opening.
8. A horizontal self-feeding silo comprising spaced
‘from said ‘bar midway between said sidewall, a panel
swingably suspended from said bar between each sidewall
and said rod, removable means for preventing swingable
movement of each ‘panel with respect to said rod, a hori
zontal opening in-each panel, a door for closing each
opening, each door being hingedly mounted on a hori
zontal axis adjacent the upper side of each opening and
means for holding each door in open position above
each opening.
10. A horizontal self-feeding silo as de?ned in claim 8
in which said closure member comprises a bar extending
across said silo above said tracks, rollers on each end of
said bar engaging said tracks, a rod depending from said
bar midway between said sidewalls, a panel swingably
suspended from said bar between each sidewall and said
rod, removable means for preventing swinging movement
of each panel with respect to said rod, a horizontal open
ing in each panel, a door for closing each opening, each
door being hingedly mounted on a horizontal axis adja
cent the upper side of each opening and means for hold
ing each door in open position above each opening.
11. A horizontal self-feeding silo comprising spaced
sidewalls supported on the ground and diverging up
wardly, each sidewall being composed of removable sec
tions placed end to ‘end, whereby the horizontal length
sidewallsgsupported on the ground and diverging up
of said silo may be varied, means for securing said sec
wardly, each sidewall being composed of removable sec
tions placed end to end, whereby the horizontal‘ length
tions together, a plurality of braces for supporting each
section, tie bars connecting the lower edges of opposed
of said silo may be varied, means for securing said sec
sections at spaced points, a track on the upper edge of
tions together, a plurality of braces for supporting each 30 each ‘section extending throughout the length thereof,
a movable closure for one end of said silo, said closure
section, each brace comprising a foot member secured
comprising a bar extending across said silo above said
to a section adjacent the lower edge ‘and projecting out
tracks, rollers on each end of said bar engaging said
wardly in'engagement with the ground, a brace member
tracks, a panel suspended from said bar between said
secured to a section below the upper edge and extending
outwardly and downwardly and connected to said ‘foot 35 sidewalls to close the end of said silo, said panel having
a horizontal opening to expose the contents of said silo
member adjacent the outer end, tie bars connecting ‘the
vfor direct feeding by cattle, said closure being moved
lower edges of opposed sections at spaced points, a ‘track
inwardly by pressure of the cattle against said panel as
on the upper edge of'each section extending throughout
the contents of said'silo are consumed, a door for closing
the length thereof, a movable closure for one end of said
silo, said closure comprising a bar extending across said 40 the opening in said panel, said ‘door being hingedly
mounted on a horizontal axis adjacent the upper side of
silo above said tracks, rollers on each end of said bar
said opening and means for holding said door in open
engaging said tracks, a panel suspended from‘said bar be
position above said opening.
tween said sidewalls to close the end-of said silo, means
to prevent disengagement of said rollers from said tracks,
said panel having a horizontal opening to expose the con 45
tents of said silo for direct feeding by cattle,\said closure
being moved inwardly vby pressure of the cattle'against
said panel as thecontents of said silo are consumed, a
door for closing the opening in said panel, said door
being hingedly mounted on a'horizontal axis adjacent the 50
upper side of said opening and means for holding said
door in open position above's'aid opening.
9. A5 horizontal selféfeeding silo as de?ned in claim 8
in which said closure member comprises a bar extending
across said silo'above said tracks, rollers on each end of 55
said bar engaging said tracks, a removable rod depending
“References Cited in the ?le of this patent
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Billingsley ___________ __ Jan. 27, 1942
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Donnahue ___________ __ June 26,
Scott et al ____________ __ Sept. 18,
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