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Nov. 13, 1962
M. R. LEVITT
3,063,446
TRACTION BUNION CORRECTOR
Filed Jan. 20, 1960
Mental"
Mi/fan I? L ew'r'f _
3,063,446
tates Patent
Patented Nov. 13, 1962
2
3,063,446
TRACTION BUNIQN CGRRECTQR
Milton R. Levitt, New Brunswick, Ni, assignor to The
Schoil Mfg. (10., Inc, (Ihicago, EL, a corporation of
New York
Fiied Jan. 26, 1969, Ser. N . 3,594
3 Ciaims. {CL 128—81)
above pointed out, others will become apparent from the
following disclosures, taken in conjunction with the ac
companying drawing, in which
'
FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of a cor
rective appliance embodying principles of the instant in
vention, showing the same in operative position on a
human foot;
,
FIGURE 2 is a side or elevational view of the device
This invention relates to improvements in a traction
bunion corrector, and more particularly to ‘a relatively
itself; and
soft traction splint highly desirable for straightening
view through the toe loop of the device taken substantially
as indicated by the line III-III of FIG. 1, looking in the
crooked toes by way of a de?nite traction action while at
the same time giving a cushioning effect to relieve pres
sure over sensitive areas, the device having corrective
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged transverse vertical sectional
direction of the arrows.
As shown on the drawings:
value in cases of bunions, hallux valgus, crooked toes,
While the instant invention may be applied to the foot
and misalignment, contraction or bending in of toes due
to muscular or bony disturbances, although the invention
in a number of ways, and associated with virtually any
toe of the foot, in FIGURE 1 I have illustrated the device
on a foot 1 in position to provide corrective aid in a case
may have other uses and purposes as will be apparent to
one skilled in the art.
In the past, many and various types of devices have
been provided for the purpose of endeavoring to correct
toe deformities of the character above mentioned. How
of hallux valgus of the great toe 2.
The device itself consists of a longitudinally stretch~
able cushioning strip, generally indicated by numeral 3.
The strip 3 is preferably laminated, comprising an outer
fabric lamination'd and an inner and thicker lamination
ever, most of these devices have proven objectionable in
5 of foam cushioning material or equivalent substance.
that one form of device would be worn in the daytime,
while a bunion spring or the like embodying metallic 25 The fabric lamination 4 may be woven or knitted to pro
parts would be worn at night, the latter not being capable
vide for longitudinal stretch and recovery therefrom, and
this fabric may utilize rubber yarn or not, as may be de
of daytime use in the customary shoes of the patient, but
sired, since twisted yarn woven under extremely light ten
requiring a special oversized shoe to accommodate them.
sion is also satisfactory. The inner cushioning lamination
Other devices utilized with bunio-ns and the like were
merely pressure eliminators, but were incapable of pro 30 5 may satisfactorily be foam latex, or stretchable polyvinyl
or polyurethane foam are also satisfactory. Preferably,
viding any straightening or correction of the crooked toe
the fabric will stretch less than the foam so overtension
or deformity. Frequently these formerly known devices
cannot be applied to the foam cushioning material and
required very accurate ?tting and it was extremely diffi
cult for a patient to put them on and remove them with
out expert aid.
With the foregoing in mind, it is an important object
of the instant invention to provide a traction corrector
for straightening crooked toes and the like which can
thus cause disruption. Where the cushioning lamination
35 is foam latex, it is preferably cured directly to the fabric
lamination, and if it is of some other material, it may sat
isfactorily be connected to the fabric lamination by means
of an elastic cementitious material.
readily be applied by the patient himself in a satisfactory
At one end thereof, the strip 3 is widened laterally and
manner, and worn with equal comfort day or night, day_ 40 this portion is rolled into a toe loop 6, preferably with
marginal portions of both laminations overlapping as in
time wear being within a shoe of the proper shape and
dicated at 7 in FIGURE 3 to provide a region of double
customary size.
thickness on the inner side of the loop. The fabric lami
Another object of this invention is the provision of a
nation may be extended on one side as indicated at 8, if
traction corrector for crooked toes and similar deform
ities and afflictions, which is soft and elastic throughout 45 desired, and cementitiously secured to the underlying fab
n'c surface in order to provide a smooth appearance.
giving a pressure relieving cushioning effect to the foot,
Any suitable form of cooperative fastening elements
providing separator means for disposition between the
afflicted toe and an adjacent toe, and which also provides
may be utilized to secure the device in position, such as
traction corrector for crooked toes and similar deformi
hooks and eyes, nylon burr material, snap fasteners, but
By way of example, I have
herein illustrated the use of complemental snap fasteners,
one element 9 being secured to the strip adjacent the end
thereof opposite the loop, while the complemental other
ties, which embodies no relatively stiff portions, but is
element 10 is attached to the strip in an intermediate lo
traction longitudinally of the foot to urge a toe to a
straight position.
A further feature of the invention resides in the pro
vision of a simple and economical but highly effective
50 tons, buckles, and the like.
of soft cushioning elastic material, readily applied, and 55 cation to the rear of the toe loop 6, as seen best in FIG
URE 2. As seen also in FIGURE 2, the fastening ele
ment 9 has its operative side to the inside of the strip 3,
while the fastening element 10 has its operative side to
tion splint for straightening crooked toes and correcting
the outside of the strip.
similar ailments, which comprises merely a longitudinally
stretchable cushioning strip having a toe loop at one end, 60 In use, the instant invention is extremely simple and
highly effective over a reasonable period of time. It is
and carrying cooperative fastening means whereby the
simply necessary to draw the toe loop 6 over the crooked
strip may extend around the heel, over the instep of the
toe, in the illustrated instance this being the great toe 2
foot, and be secured to itself at the side of the foot, under
tension.
of the foot 1. The overlapping marginal portions 7 of the
It is still a further feature of this invention to provide 65 loop provide an extra thickness between the toe under
a corrective device of the character set forth herein which
going treatment and the adjacent toe so as to aid in estab
is extremely light in weight and which may also be laun
lishing separation between these toes of a gentle yet effec
dered whenever desired Without adversely affecting the
tive nature. The strip is then drawn around behind the
e?icacy of the device.
heel and over the instep of the foot, under tension, and the
While some of the more salient features, characteris 70 two cooperative fastening elements joined together to se
tics and advantages of the instant invention have been
cure the device in place upon the foot. It Will accordingly
substantially invisible when a stocking is used thereover.
It is also an object of this invention to provide a trac
3,063A46
0
0
be understood that traction is exerted on the af?icted toe
ing a longitudinally stretchable cushioning strip of uni
in a direction longitudinally of the foot, tending to fur
form thickness throughout, a laterally widened portion on
ther straighten the toe, and cause it to assume its proper
one end of said strip shaped into a toe loop with its axis
position.‘ At the same time, the device cusln'ons‘ the foot
and relieves pressure by virtue of its softness and resili
ency over tender and sensitive areas, thereby diminishing
pain. The device may be worn freely and easily at night,
and also worn during the daytime in a properly shaped
shoe of the customary size of the particular patient. The
device may be made of any desirable color, and is prefer 10
paralleling the axis of the strip, andlcooperative fastening
ably of a ?esh tint so as to be substantially invisible
through a stocking. It should also be noted that the de-‘
vice may be laundered any time desired with no deleteri
ous effects to its properties. Further, the device is simple
in construction, simple to apply or remove, possesses great
on the inner side thereof to increase the thickness and
establish separation between adjacent toes of the foot.
3. A traction type foot correction appliance compris
ing an elongated strip formed of a longitudinally stretch
able backing and a piece of thicker stretchable cushioning
loop disposed at one side of the strip, the margins of said
widened portion overlapping to provide a line of double
It will be understood that modi?cations and variations
may be effected Without departing from the scope of the
novel concepts of the present invention.
thickness in said loop opposite said strip to provide posi
tive's'eparation of adjacent toes, and means to maintain
said strip under tension on the foot of a user.
20
1. A traction type foot corrective appliance comprising
a longitudinally stretchable backing strip, stretchable
foam cushioning material of equal area and laminated to
the inside face of said strip, an integral toe loop at one
end of said strip with the axis of the loop paralleling the
axis of the strip, and cooperative fastening elements car
ried one at the other end of the strip on the inner face
thereof and one on the outer face of the strip to the rear
of said toe loop, to positively hold the appliance under
tension on a foot with only a single lap of the strip around 30
the foot.
'2; A traction type foot correction appliance compris
and one at the intermediate location to the rear of said toe
loop, said toe loop having overlapping marginal portions
material of equal area laminated to said backing, a
widened portion at one end of said strip shaped into a toe
durability, and may be economically manufactured.
I claim as my invention:
elements carried by said strip one at the other end thereof
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
804,406
2,811,154
Hungad _____________ __ Nov. 14, 1905
Scholl _______________ __ Oct. 29, 1957
241,733
Great Britain __________ __ Oct. 29, 1925
FOREIGN PATENTS
OTHER REFERENCES
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Jan. 1941, p. 183
relied on.
(Copy in Division 55.)
>
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