close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3063729

код для вставки
Nov. 13, 1962
3,063,719
J. ROSEN BERGER
VELOCITY SCORE CONTROL
Filed Aug. 8, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet l
í
i
J5 \.
f2 \\
\ , \ L:
@ag-2y
l5 BACK
‘n Sw/rc/ffs
72
Bric/r
E
FRONT
A
SPEED ¿HMP E19/VK
IN VEN TOR.
BY
ÄTTúR/Vey. ,
NOV. 13, 1962
_1. ROSENBERGER
3,063,719 ’
VELOCITY SCORE CONTROL
Filed Aug. 8, 1960
hmm.
NM.
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
States
' atent
CC
3,063,719
Patented Nov. 13, 1962
2
. 1
FIG. l-B- is a block diagram of the novel scoring.y
system for control by the score switches of FIG. l-A;
3,063# 19
VELOCITY SCORE CGNTROL
FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram.
John Rosenberger, Hoiïman Estates, Ill., assignor to Lion
Manufacturing Corporation, Chicago, Ill., a corpora
f
The exemplary game of FIG. 1 consists of a playtield
10 over which a playing piece, such as the weighted puck r
tion of Illinois
11, is glided toward the actual target objectives, whichl
Filed Ang. 8, 196i), Ser. No. 48,106
7 Claims. (Cl. 273-126)
are the operating levers 12 of appertaining score switches
of improvements in score control mechanism for use
in game apparatus of the class of ball-rolling games, such
13A, 13B, 13C, 13D, such as shown in FIG. 1-~A.
The said actuating levers 12 and their respective
switches 13 are aligned in tandem pairs in the manner of
FIG. l-A, so that each pair of switches consists of a
as simulated bowling wherein a projectile such as a ball
front switch means 12A, 13A and a rear switch means
or puck, or like playing piece, is launched at targets such
12B, 13B in one row, and of a similar front switch means
12C, 13C and rear switch means 12D, 13D in the
next adjacent tandem pair or row, and so on, vfour suchl
rows being shown in FIG. 1, each aligned with one of the
This invention has as its principal object the provision
as ten pins or switches simulative of the same, or a likev
objective, with electrically-controlled score and indicating
mechanism usually including lights, operated by such
switches dependently upon the score achieved.
In one game of this type, as disclosed in U.S. Patent
f -,rows of pins in the array of simulated bowling pins 1S. '
No. 2931,65@ the scoring is dependent not only upon
the actuation of a target switch by the projected playing
piece but upon the actuation of a plurality of such switch
es ina certain order and at a certain speed, the target
switches being arranged in tandem pairs, and special con
Each pin customarily actuates its ownl supervisory and
score switch means 14 (FIG. l-A), when the appertain-v
ing pin 15 is triggered to “struck” position, all in a man-l
ner familiar in the art.
The illustrative apparatus being a simulated bowling
game, the ostensible target objectives are the simulated
bowling pins 15, which are of a well-known mechanically
actuated type adapted to swing up out of sight in simula
tion of-aten-pin which has been knocked out of play,.
as in real bowling, whenever the appertaining actual:
target object or switch means is actuated by the puck 11,
the several pins 15 being provided with a known type of.
upon the direction, but also upon the velocity of the ball
or puck or other playing piece, and it is possible for the . 30 electrically-released latch means (not shown) controlled
by the target switches for thisipurpose, so that the player~
player to exercise considerable skill and judgment in
is given the illusion of having actually knocked a pin>
regulating the force or speed with whichA he launches the
down as the puck aimed thereat passes over the apper
ball or puck in an eñort to achieve a desired score, the
trol mechanism being provided in conjunction therewith
to make the scoring dependent upon hitting both switches,
and importantly, also upon the time interval accruing
between actuation of the ñrst and second paired switches.
Such a scoring system is thus dependent not only
score control means associated with such a game being
desirably contrived to award an optimum score where î
taining switch-actuating means.
the time interval is neither too long nor too short, that
lighting up appropriate indicia 17 on a conventional glass
is to say, where the speed of the playing piece is neither
too slow nor too fast, with a range of variable scoring
score panel 16 by means of control circuits not neces
sary to detail herein, since they are not material to the ,
possibilities in between these limits.
present disclosures.v
In the score control means disclosed in the aforesaid 40
patent an electronic time measuring apparatus and circuit
of a relatively complex and expensive character is dis
closed, and while this apparatus is very satisfactory and
capable of a relatively high degree of accu-racy and ad
justability and sensitivity, it has been found that a con
siderable saving in manufacturing costs can be had by use
.
.
Additional indications of such scoring usually involvel
.
The general object of play with reference to FIG. 1. i
for the player to propel the puck 11 at one of the tandem
pairs of objectives or switch-operating levers 12 aligned
with an appertaining one of the ten pins 15 with> the ob
ject, for example (FIG.- l-A), of striking the lever 12A
to operate switch 13A and thereafter striking lever 12B
and operating the companion switch 13B, thus causing,
among other things„the aligned pin 15X to be released
of the presently-disclosed simpler and less costly score
control and timing system while achieving comparably
and automatically withdrawn from view. In such a scor- ;
satisfactory results.
ing operation the present disclosure is concerned primari
In contrast tothe basically electronic character of the
timing means of said patent, the present control appara
ly with measuring and translating the time interval be- .
tus utilizes a mechanical system of interlocking or inter
panion rear switch 13B.
acting motor-driven rotary switches and related circuit
tween the operations of the front switch 13A and itsrcom-V
.
.
. _
Another incident to the aforesaid automatic pin action
is the operation of the corresponding pin switch 14X to
means connected to start a timing or measuring cycle
on striking of the first target switch, and a consequent 55 set up a corresponding score circuit to be evaluated for
lamp display by the score motor unit.
v
actuation of a iirst rotary switch means, which advances
Closure of a front switch 13A will apply a ground or
proportionally to the time elapsing until the second target
operational pulse to conductor 18, and closure of a rear -_
switch is struck to bring about a stoppage of such tim
switch 13B will apply a ground or operating pulse to
ing cycle and start a second rotary switch means to con
vert the measuring action of the iirst switch means into 60 conductor 19 for utilization in the manner to be de
scribed relative to the block diagram of FIG. 1-’-B.
a visual display by illuminating a series of lamps, the
Referring to the functional block diagram of FIG. l-B,
number of which will be proportionate to the time in
it may be assumed that the player has successively struck l
terval measured.
and actuated the front and back score switch means A
Other and more detailed aspects of novelty and utility
characterizing the disclosed improvements will become 65 and B in FIG. l-A. On operation of the first or _front
apparent as the following description proceeds in view
switch means 12A, 13A the operating pulse on conductor
v18 would correspond to the A function in FIG. l-B and' ».
of the annexed drawings, in which:
FIG. l is a partial perspective of one form of lbowling i 'operate the “Front Hit Relay Means,” which would result
in setting up a hold circuit at B, which circuit in turn is
game, in which the new control system may be utilized;
maintained through a breaker circuit F supervised by the v
FIG. l-A is a partial circuit diagram to enlarged scale
“Back Hit Relay Means.”
for some of the score switches used in the game of
FIG. l;
When the “Front Hit“ Relay Means” is operated, as
3,063,719
l
3
aforesaid,l a rotary “Timer Switch” (function C) starts
4
of these members and shaft 36 is normally restrained by
and continues to run over a series of contacts at a
spring-urged engagement of a stopping or index pawl 41
moderate speed of about 128 r.~p.m. until stopped by actua~
in the'teeth of the ratchet disc. _
tion of the back switch means in function E to operate the
In FIG. 2 the counterpart of the “Front Hit Relay
Means,” referred to schematically in FIGA 1-B, consists
“Back Hit Relay Means,” which will drop out the “Hold
-Circuit” and stop the “Timer Switch” in function B F,
meanwhile starting, by function G, the second rotary
switch means or “Conversion Switch,” which runs at a
of a combination relay and index coil 43 and an armature
means 44 adapted to actuate or close normally open
contacts 45 and 46 and also to release'the index pawl
slower> speed (e.g. about 67 12pm.) than the “Timer
Switch,” and which will be stopped ultimately at a posi
tion determined by connections D set up by the “Timer
Switch.” The rotary “Conversion Switch” will sequential
ly illuminate via connections H a series of display lamps
in the “Speed Lamp Bank” I, which may desirably cor
respond to the illuminated display panels 20 in FIG. l. 15
through a linkage 47.
Thus, when one of the front puck switches 13A is
closed in scoring a hit, the front hit relay and index
coil 43 is energized to close contacts 45 and 46 and free
the index ratchet disc 37 so that wiper 39 will begin its
travel over contacts 40, a holding circuit being set up
via conductors 48, 49, normally closed contacts 50 on
The “Back Hit Relay Means” also sets up a “HoldtCktf’
the back relay, and conductor 51, so that the timer index
broken at the end of the cycle in the resetting operation
relay coil 43 will hold up until the back puck switch 13B
as’ partof functions J and L.
is closed to energize the back relay coil 52' and open
As a further result of the aforesaid actuation of the
contacts 50 to drop out the front relay.
“Back Hit Relay Means” and the “Conversion Switch” 20
The back relay operates to set up its own holding circuit
means, a “Score Motor & Reset Unit” will be activated in
via conductor 53X, closed contacts 53, conductor 54, score
function I to illuminate appropriate score lamps in func
motor breaker switch contacts 55 held closed by the score
tion K to display a ‘score on panels 17 in FIG. l; and in
motor cam 95 for the duration of each operating cycle of
an additional function L to reset the rotary timer and
the latter except for a momentary opening of said con
conversion switch means to a predetermined zero or
starting position by actuation of the “Timer & Conver
sion Reset Ckts.” in function M, which will conclude
the timing and score displaying cycle initiated by striking
a. pair of front and back score switches in the scoring
tacts 55 by the deep cam notch 95B as the score motor is
deenergized at the end of each score and resetting cycle,
the carry-over of the motor being utilized to reclose the
breaker contacts S5 just after motor 96 stops, so that a
new holding circuit may be set up for the back relay in the
example described.
30 ensuing round of play or bowling “framef’
Thus, hitting ofthe first target objective starts a rela
Thus,> whenever the back relay 52.is energized it sets
tively fast-moving rotary timer switch, which is stopped
asa result of hitting of the second target objective, which
gives the furtherr result of starting a second and slower
rotary conversion switch to illuminate thesequence of
up its own holding circuit at V53, which will be dropped at
55 only at the end of' the scoring and resetting cycle; and
it will also drop out the previously energized front relay
at contacts 50 at su’ch time.
displayY lamps, the number of which will depend on how
When the timer switch is at starting or zero position,
long the first rotary switch is permitted to run.
as in FIG. 2, contacts 60, 61 of the timer zero switch are
Since. the time interval to be measuredbetween striking
closed, and at this time the converter switch is also at
the front and4 back switches is quite short (eg. about 600
starting or zero position and its zero switch contacts 64
mil/sec.) even for the player’s slowest shot, the tirst 40 are closed, connectingoperating ground via conductor 65
rotary switch must> have a speed capable of producing
to thev4 timer zero switch contact 61 closed with contact
suñicient angular displacement to permit the rotary con
60, so that operating ground is also connected via con-4
tactor. to sweep over a significant number of contacts in
ductor 66, a safety resistor 67 and conductor 68 to close
this short time in order that a substantial number of dis
theA energizing circuit for the coil `69 of the converter
play lamps may be illuminated' to represent the shortest, as
relay with power conductor 70.
_ n
well as the longest, expected> interval, so that the player
Thus, the converter relay is normally energized while
may Visualize his shot in terms of how many lamps are
-the rotary timer and conversionl switches are standing!
flashed on. In other words, the time interval is converted
idle in their reset or zero starting conditions, in conse-~
into a visual analogue.
quence of which converter relay contacts 72 are closed,
In one embodiment of an actual circuit arrangement, 50 while contacts 74 are open, so that operating ground is
according to FIG. 2, the- two rotary switch devices may
applied to conductor 73 leading to one of the timer in
desirably b'e driven by a singleV motor 30‘ having a main
dex relay contacts 46, which are normally open until a
shaft 31'operating ata principal speed ofabout 128 r.p.m.
front puck or target switch is actuated. Resistor 67
and' driving through suitable reduction gearv means 32 ay
guards the almost continuously energized converter relay
secondary shaft 33 at a speed of about 67 r.p.m.„such 55 by maintaining an upper limit to theA current therethrough.
speeds being found practical for a puck-type playing piece,
it being understood that such values will be empirical
for different sizes and types of game„ it being apparent
for instance that substitution of a rolling ball for the
gliding puck may require adjustment in the operating 60
speeds of the rotary switches, since a rolling ball can be
When ay hit is scored on a front switch and the timer
index andV front relay is energized, as aforesaid, contacts
46 close and apply the operating ground from conductor
73 via branch conductor 66A to conductor 66 in order toA
maintain the converter relay in energizedy or picked-up
condition until such time as a back puck or target switch
easily propelled at high speeds. Moreover, such variable
shallL be actuated; and conceivably no such actuation
factors as the length of the playñeld 10, the spacing of the
might occur if a wildly-directed puck slanted off into the
switches in each pair, the weight and size of the puck or
ball, etc., will require selection of appropriate switch 65 gutter ofthe pl-aylield instead of hitting a back switch, it
beingY observed that' the timer zero cam 38 will leave its
speeds to afford the duration of visual display found most
zero position as soon as the front relay picks up, as afore
attractive and suitable for each type of game.
said, so that. timer zero contacts 60-61 will open and
The faster main shaft drives the timer switch section
would drop out the converter relay via conductor 66 were
through a known typey of slip clutch means 35, while the
it not for the temporary hold-overv circuit thus set up by
slower secondary shaft'33 drives the conversion switch
the front relay contacts 46.
section through another slip clutch 34.
If in the foregoing condition of the circuit wherein
The timer switch wiper 39 sweeps over a plurality of
the timer switch has been setl in motion, it is next as
stationary timer contactsV 40 and is driven in this action
sumed that the back puck switch 13B is now closed to
from clutch 35 through shaft means 36 along with a timer
index'ratchet' disc 37 and a timer zerocarn 38, but' rotation 75 energize the back relay coil 52, back relay hold contacts
.5
3,063,7191»
6
5t) will open to drop out the timer index and front relay,
near the end of its scoring cycle, by transient closure of
and contacts 53 will close, and contacts 46 on the front
reset contacts 130 by the shallower reset cam notch 95A
on cam 95 located appropriately in advance of a deeper
drop-out notch 95B situated at the zero position, the
relay will open to'drop the temporary holding circuit for
the converter relay coil 69, with the result that converter
relay contacts 74 will drop back -to closed condition,
thereby applying operating ground via conductor S53 to
energize the converter index relay coil 81 as a result of
which the holding pawl 32 for the converter index ratchet
disc 83 wiil be freed and the converter switch drive shaft
spacing of these notches being sufficient to afford time for
the rotary timer switch to return to zero position before
the deeper notch 95B» opens drop-out reset contacts 55 so
as to drop out the back relay 52 only after the timer index
coil 43 has been dropped at 132. This will occur just
84 will rotate, carrying the rotary switch wiper 35 over
prior to stoppage ofl Score motor 96 in the manner ex
the series of converter switch contacts 86.
It being recalled that the timer zero switch contacts
60, 62 were closed when the timer switch operation was
initiated, it will be seen that a restoration operating ground
for the converter relay will be set up on conductors 63
plained hereafter.
and 66 (via contacts 69, 62) when wiper 35 engages any
thereby energizing the index-relay via conductor 134,
one of the conversion contacts S6 which is grounded.
Each timer contact 4i? is cross-connected to a correspond
with the result that the converter switch »is started a sec
.
Thus, closure of reset contacts 130 pulses the timer
index relay coil a second time in each playing and scor
ing _cycle via conductor 131, the timer zero reset contacts
132 closed (ott zero) by another timer zero cam 133,
ond time by- pulling in of converter relay 69 as a result
of closure of contactsv 46 in the manner previously de
ing conversion contact 86, and since the timer wiper 39
is grounded, it will be obvious that whichever one of the 20 scribed’ for the ñrst operation of the converter switch.
timer contacts 40, for example contact êílX, is engaged
yFollowing the aforesaid resetting stoppage of the timer'
by timer wiper 39 when the latter comes to rest at the
at zero (by opening of zero contacts 132) the converter
end of the timing excursion, will be grounded, so that
relay 69 continues 'in' the droppedcondition, with the>
result that the-converter index coil 8,1 remains energized
its corresponding conversion contact at 86X will also be
grounded, and when wiper 85 strikes this particular ,con
atcontacts 74, 'but since the timer has now finally come
tact an operating ground will exist on conductorH 66 to
to rest at Zero position, the timerA zero contacts 60-62
re-energize the converter relay coil, thus again Vopening
are reopened and contacts 60-61 are reclosed, withtheÍ
contacts 74 and dropping out the converter index relay
result that> as the` converter switch now reaches `zero or „
starting position, it not only ends the score motor cycle
coil >81, so that the index pawl 32 drops back to stop
the ratchet 83, shaft S4, and conversion wiper S5 at a 30 at cam contacts 98, but closes zero position contacts 6.4
on the rotary converter switch, so that operating ground.
position corresponding angularly to the displacement of
timer wiper 39.
,
Since the secondary motor drive shaft 33 turns at ap
proximately half the speed of the main shaft 31, the con
version switch shaft S4 will be correspondingly slow and,
in addition to driving the follower. contact wiper 85,
via conductor 65, the said reclosed timer zero cam con
tacts Gil-»61, conductor 66, shunt contacts 101 (which
apply a full operating voltage around the resistor 67 )v andv
conductor 68 will once again pick up the normally ener
gized converter relay 69, thereby opening its contacts 7‘4
and íinally dropping the converter index coil 81 to stop
drives a second or translating conversion switch wiper
the converter switch in reset zero position.
Y.
85, drives a second or translating conversion switch wiper
The score motor having been stopped, as just described,
96 over a series of lamp contacts 91 to illuminate lamps
92 corresponding to the lamps in the lamp bank I men 40 has a slight carry-over suñicient to reclose the reset cam
contacts 55 in readiness to establish a new hold circuit
tioned in view of FIG. l-B and adapted to illuminate
for the back relay in the ensuing round of play.
the display panels 26 in the game of FIG. l.
In commercial embodiments of games of the type in
The 67 r.p.m. rate of travel of this second wiper 9i)
dicated in FIG. l, there will commonly be as many as
is selected to give an interesting and readable light-up
twenty of the game or puck switches 13 wired with circuit
action or lamp display, thereby translating the speed of
the shot into terms of a visual measure.
In addition to añording the player a visual translation
of his shot, the relative speed of the shot is utilized for
variable scoring purposes by extending connections from
certain ones of the lamp contacts 91 to the score control
unit 93, which includes a motor 96 driving rotary score
switch means 97 adapted to be set into operation when a
second target switch, such as the “Back Puck Switch” 13B
(FIG. 2), is closed to energize the back relay coil 52 in
conjunction with starting of the converter switch on free
ing of index pawl 82, as aforesaid.
T
'Ihe score motor 96 is started as soon as the conversion
switch comes to rest in each cycle of operation thereof,
an anticipation circuit for this purpose being partially
set up by closure of the converter cam switch 98 on the
initial movement of the converter switch from zero posi
tion, said starting circuit comprising the ground on con
ductor 99 set up by converter index relay contacts 169
(when this relay is dropped), cam contacts 98 which are
now closed because Gif-zero, and conductor 97 to motor
96, it being apparent that the converter switch will stop
when its index relay 81 drops out on the finding of a hot
contact by its wiper 85, which will cause the index con
tacts 10o to be reclosed and complete the aforesaid oper
ating -ground for score and reset motor 96, this motor
being effectively a slow unit geared down to about 45
r.p.m. and serving to actuate certain score switching meer anism in a manner alluded to hereinafter.
means and a score control apparatus such as the unit 93,
in a manner such that hitting combinations of more than
two such switches will produce a variety of scoring pat
terns.
The circuits and score control switch apparatus
`required for such purposes is complex, and> since the
details of such arrangements do not constitute part of the
present invention, the same are not described, it being
suñìcient for present purposes to point out that such a
score control apparatus 93 will be operably controlled or
cycled for each round of play bythe score motor 96.
A simpliñed example of one application of the novel
velocity score control means is illustrated schematically
in FIG. 2, wherein the several pin switches 14 are re
spectively connected to “pin-down” switch terminals in
switch -means 140 operable to illuminate “Strike” or
“Spare” light-up lamps 141 or 1412, depending upon how
many pins are “hit”; while connections 143 from the
“Score Values Terminals” are extended to the score con
trol unit for connectio-n to switching terminals of a switch- v
» ing means `144 for illuminating the score values lamp 145
depending upon which one of the speed-award zones or
Contact groups 91 the speed of the player’s shot causes
the conversion switch wiper 90 to select to illuminate ay
corresponding value lamp 145. ‘
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that a
great variety of scoring systems for diiîerent types of
game may be contrived; and that the conversion switching
means >and the grouped or zoned speed-value contacts 91v
thereof may be utilized in many ways in combination
The resetting rfunction of score motor 96 is initiated, 75 with such systems to augment or modify the control func-.
3,063,719
7
tions thereof according to the speed or velocity measured
by the timing switch means.
The disclosed improvements function basically to meas
ure a time interval as a function in a projectile-type of
game in which at least two events are caused to occur
in rapid succession, such as the hitting of successive
targets by a projected playing piece, or particularly in the
present embodiment, the successive operation of two target
switches.
According to the present disclosures, the time interval
is measured entirely by the first rotary switch in terms
of an angular excursion of a motor driven contact means
from a starting position, initiated when the first target
switch is actuated and stopped when the second target
switch is actuated.
The improved control arrangement further provides a
8
under control of the second multi-contact switch depend
ently upon the proportionate advance thereof from said
starting position, whether relatively great or small or in
termediate said magnitudes; and circuit means actuated
by the second multi-contact switch on stopping of ad
vance thereof by action of the second tandem switch as
aforesaid, for restoring both the first and second multi
contact switches to their respective starting positions.
2.. Score control apparatus for use in games having tar
get switches arranged to be struck and actuated in suc- y
cession, said apparatus comprising: a motor driven timer
switch having a plurality of contacts successively engaged
from a starting position depending in number upon how
long the motor drive means operates; circuit connectionsy
controlled -by successive target switches actuated in quick
succession to start and stop said motor switch as a means
for measuring the time interval between a said succes
sion of target switch actuations as a function of the
for proportionately reproducing the angular excursion of
number of contacts engaged thereby; and a second andV
the first rotary switch but at a different rate (eg. slower),
and further serving to spread the effective contact posi 20 slower motor conversion switch means- started concur
means in the form of a second motor-driven rotary switch
rently with, and under control of, the action of the last
of said succession of target switches and arranged and
constructed as to be stopped at positions determined by
by connecting numbers of the contacts 91 in groups at
circuit connections set up at the stopping position of said
lsucceeding intervals so as to establish wide value zones
first motor switch but so as to be operated for a period
in order to provide arbitrary award values or the like to
of time always proportional but longer than the time of
any ñnal resting position of the converter-switch contact
operation of the first motor switch; and electrically a'c
means at the'end of each such excursion, or to establish
tuated visual display means actuated under control of
contact zones which are relatedV to the magnitude of the
the second motor switch to provide a proportioned visual
originally measured time interval, while at the same time
spreading out this interval to make the contact-changing 30 analogue of thc time interval measured by the first motor
switch.
operation of the converter switch means suitable for
3. Apparatus according to claim 2 further character
visual translation.
ized by the provision of score value switch means oper
Thus, if the player’s shot were very fast contacts 91
ated in step with said conversion switch means and hav-_
in the» group 112 would be selected and would lie in an
tion of the second moving (converter) contact means
(e.g. the wiper arm 9u) over a widened angular area, as
advance evaluation zone; but if the shot were very slow 35 ing contacts connected in successive value groups one of
cach of which corresponds to an advance, an intermedi
ate, and a terminal speed value zone, connection with
any of said ygroups being dependent upon whether the
verter contactor 90 in an intermediate or optimum value
measured time interval is arbitrarily very short, of inter
zone on group 1118. The contact grouping accordingly
the selected contacts might lie in group 110 in a terminal
zone; while a moderately fast shot would lodge the con
affords the possibility of assigning a useful signiñcance to
the relative, as distinguished from the absolute or precise,
angular displacement and position of the “measured” and
converted time “angle” with the slower operation of the
mediate duration, or very slow, in that order, said groups
being adapted for connection in a game score award cir
cuit.
4. A time measuring and value circuit comprising:
two multi-contact rotary switches each havingï a starting
conversion switch means permitting the translation of the
electrically-controlled drive means for each said
measured interval into terms of a display analogue, such 45 position;
switch and connected for operation to start and stop said
as thev operation of the “speed lamps” 92 at a rate cogni
switches; first and second game switches' and circuit means
zable as suchv by the player.
connecting each of the same with one of said electrically
' In order to simplify the reading of the circuit diagram
controlled drive means and respectively operable by the
of» FIG. 2, the power supply is illustrated conventionally
appertaining game switch to start the appertaining one
as positive and negative terminals with the latter grounded, 50 of said rotary switches; circuit means controlled by a sec
so as| to reduce the number ofl conductors to be shown, it
ond one of said game switches for stopping the rotary
beingv emphasized that this is merely a convenience and
switch started by a first one of said game switches; circuit
is in no way intended to be limiting, it beingy preferred
means including connections established by said first ro
in the commercial forms of the game to employ alter
tary switch and extended to contacts on the second rotary
55 switch for stopping the latter at an angular excursion
nating current as the power source.
I claim:
.lL For' userin gamev apparatus, score control means in
clû‘c'lingï infc'ooperative combination, tandem' target ob
jective switches to be actuated in close succession by a
away from its starting position always proportionate to
the angular excursion of the first rotary switch away from
its starting position, the speed of the second rotary switch
being substantially different from that of the first rotary
playing piece aimed thereat, and operatively engaging 60 switch; and multiple contact means controlled by the sec
both of the same; two multi-'contact switches, each having
ond rotary switch for establishing any one of a plurality
a' starting position and electrically-controlled drive means
of value connections depending upon the amount of angu
operable to separately actuate and advance each of the
lar excursion of one of said rotary switches; together with
same from its said starting position; circuit means con
reset circuit means automatically set into operation by
trolled by a first actuated tandem switch and connected 65 connections controlled by that one of the rotary switches
to actuate said drive means to start and advance the first
to be set into motion after the other for restoring both
multi-contact switch; circuit means controlled by a second
rotary switches and their associated controlled circuit
actuated tandem switch to actuate the said drive means
means to their respective starting positions.
v
to stop the advance of the first multi-contact switch and
5. In a game apparatus, target objective switches hav
start the advance- of the second multi-contact switch; and 70 ing actuating parts aligned to be sequentially Vengaged and
circuit- connections set up by advance operation of the
actuated -by a playing piece aimed thereat; electrically
first multi-contactswitch to stop the second multi-contact
released rotary contacter switch means comprising a timer
switch in a position of advance from starting position al
section and a converter section; motor means for driving
ways proportionate- to that of the first said multi-contact
said sections at different speeds'- from a matching zero
switch; together with score-indicatingl connections setup 755 starting position when released, the converter section being
3,063,719
10
the slower; electrically actuated release and stopping
means for each said timer and converter section; circuit
means connecting a ñrst one of said target objective
switches with the release means for the timer switch to
start the latter on actuation of a hit from a playing piece;
circuit means connected with a second target objective
switch paired with the tìrst said target switch to stop the
started timer section and start the converter section;
supervisory circuit connections between angularly located
and related contacts on both said switch sections and said
release and stopping means for operation to stop the con
verter switch, responsive to travel of the respective con
tact means thereof, always at an angular position which
is in proportion to the angular travel of the rotary timer
switch contactor away from zero position; and value
contact means including a rotary travelling value con
tactor member movable from a zero position in step
with said converter contactor and traversing a succession
of stationary value contacts greater or less in number
including said second interval switch and connections with
said iirst circuit means for stopping the first rotary switch
and starting the second rotary switch responsive to opera
tion of the second interval switch; and third circuit means
controlled by contacts in sets at corresponding angular
displacements from starting position on both rotary
switches for stopping the second rotary switch when it
reaches an angular position corresponding to that at
which theiirst rotary switch is stopped; a controlled de
vice actuated to start and stop in step with the second
rotary switch; and circuit means including zero reset con
trol switch means operably controlled by both rotary
switches for automatically restoring the latter to said
starting position.
7. In an interval timing and transforming circuit:
first and second sequentially operable interval switches;
ñrst and second rotary switches having corresponding
angular starting positions and corresponding angularly
depending on the angular travei of the movable converter
contactor member and the angular travel of the movable
displaced contacts at advanced stopping positions; means
controlled Iby the ñrst interval switch for effecting opera
tion of the first rotary switch at a predetermined uniform
timer contactor member from zero position; and means
rate; means controlled by the second interval switch for
for resetting all 0f said switch contactors to their respec
tive zero position.
6. ln a timing and transformation apparatus, in co
operative combination: first and second interval switches
adapted to be operated in succession to determine the
beginning and end of an interval; ñrst and second power
driven rotary switches each having sequential contacts re
stopping the íirst rotary switch and starting the second
rotary switch and driving the latter at a rate slower than
the rate of the first such switch; means controlled by con
tacts at the advanced stopping position of the ñrst rotary
switch and contact means at a correspondingly advanced
angular position reached by the second rotary switch for
stopping the latter; utilization contact means controlled
by the second rotary switch; and a restoration circuit
spectively located at corresponding angular positions with
respect to a corresponding starting position; electrically 30 means vfor returning both rotary switches to said starting
controlled power drive means for each rotary switch
operable to drive one of the same at a speed differing uni
formly from that of the other and to start and stop the
driving action of the same; iirst circuit means including
said iirst interval switch for actuating the drive 'means of 35
the iirst rotary switch to start the same responsive to
operation of the first interval switch; second circuit means
position.
References Cited in the tile of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,882,056
2,931,656
Hooker ______________ __ Apr. 14, 1959
Hooker ______________ __ Apr. 5, 1960
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
1 014 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа