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Патент USA US3064585

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Nov. 20, 1962
'
M. ROSENTHAL
3,064,569
FOLDING NAPALM LAND MINE
Filed Jan. 28, 1957
Fm .l.
NAPALM ‘
EXPLOSIVE CHARGE
NAPALM
20
é
INVENTOR.
Manuel Ro?fhal
BY
AT ATTORNEY
United States atént ?FlC€
2
1
3,064,569
FOLDING NAPALM LAND MINE
Manuel Rosenthal, (Ihicago, Ul- (% Tenn Can Co.,
Fayettesville, Tenn.)
Filed Jan. 28, 1957, Ser. No. 636,844
3 Claims. (Cl. 102—8)
(Granted under Title 35, US. Code (1952), sec. 2.56)
3,064,569
Patented Nov. 20, 1962
20. A handle 22 is a?ixed to the top of the mine for
convenience in carrying. When the mine container is in
storage it is folded in a manner shown in FIG. 3. By un
latching the sides and spreading them out as shown, the
?exible links v14' will permit the cover to be laid load down
over the base 12. The sides 16 may again be folded back
over the top to reduce the area needed for storage. A
large number of these containers can be stored in a small
area and are easily transported. When they are to be
The invention described herein may be manufactured
and used by or for the Government of the United States 10 used in the ?eld they can readily be put into position by
of America for governmental purposes without the pay
ment to me of any royalty thereon.
suspending the mine from the handle and latching the
sides to the base. In placing such a mine, it is convenient
to load it with two or more ?exible bags of napalm ma
This invention relates to a folding napalm land mine.
terial and placing an explosive charge between the bags.
More particularly, it relates to a land mine container which
can be folded for convenience in storage and transporta 15 The necessary contact detonator is connected to the ex
plosive charge in the usual manner of land mines. When
tion, and which can be readily assembled and loaded in the
the explosive charge is set oil, the sides of the container are
?eld.
blown out and the gelled fuel which has already been
An object of this invention is to produce a land mine
ignited is blown out sideways over a large area. By mak
container for holding a quantity of gelled gasoline fuel in
such a way that it can be exploded with the greatest e?ect 20 ing the top and bottom su?iciently sturdy and including
strong links 14, it is possible to keep the top and bottom
on enemy personnel. In the past, such land mines have
intact during the explosion. This construction makes a
usually been improvised from thin steel containers. Fre
mine structure that is much more effective than those
quently they were made from ?ve gallon cans which were
customarily used heretofore.
?lled with napalm and provided with the necessary fuse
I claim:
and contact detonator. The di?iculty with such arrange 25
1. A folding land mine casing comprising rectangular
ments was the fact that the cans were di?icult to store and
top and bottom sections securely linked together substan
to transport and also that the light metal of which the
tially parallel by means of a plurality of substantially
cans were made was easily punctured and distorted.
parallel links spaced apart between said top and bottom
Moreover, the cans being of very light material did not
have any tendency to direct the blast, much of which 30 sections, side sections hinged to each of the edges of one
of said top and bottom sections and being relcasably
therefore lost its e?ect by being blown upwards.
latched to the respective edges of said other section, said
In the present invention these disadvantages are sought
latches serving to hold the sides in position and to permit
to be remedied by providing a heavier container that is
them to swing outward upon the detonation of an explo
fo-ldable and which can be erected and assembled in the
?eld. By using hinged sides, the detonation will cause 35 sive charge within.
2. A structure in accordance with claim 1 wherein the
these to give way and ?y out thereby permitting the result
ing con?agration to cover a wider area while the sturdy
structure of the top and bottom prevent any substantial
links connecting said top and bottom sections are com
terials are especially useful where it is desired to make
casing, said casing comprising rectangular top and bottom
posed of a rigid central portion which is ?exibly linked to
the top and bottom sections.
part of the blast from being diverted upwards. The con
3. A folding napalm land mine comprising a casing, an
tainer is preferably made of steel although other metals 40
explosive charge including a charge of napalm in said
and even wood and plastics may be used. The latter ma
sections securely linked together substantially parallel by
the structure non-magnetic.
means of a plurality of substantially parallel links spaced
In the drawings, FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of the
assembled mine. FIG. 2 shows a section through the 45 apart between said top and bottom sections, side sections
hinged to each of the edges of one of said top and bottom
mine at 2, 2 of FIG. 1. FIG. 3 shows the mine container
sections and being reeasably latched to the respective
in a folded condition. FIG. 4 shows the position of the
edges of said other section, said latches serving to hold the
parts of the mine at the moment of explosion. FIG. 5
sides in position and to permit them to swing outward
shows the details of a form of the linkage between the
top and bottom of the mine. FIG. 6 shows a detailed 60 upon the detonation of an explosive charge within.
view of the latch holding the hinged sides to the bottom
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
of the mine.
UNITED STATES PATENTS
The mine consists basically of a ?at, square container
having parallel sides with a top 10 and a bottom 12 which
696,243
Johnston ____________ __ Mar. 25, 1902
are linked together by ?exible cross links 14 near the 5
four corners thereof. The sides 16 are hinged to the top
at 18 and are attached to the bottom by means of latches
1,064,328
Howell et al ___________ __ June 10, 1913
2,320,903
Archer _______________ __ June 1, 1943
2,630,066
Ponder et a1 ____________ __ Mar. 3, 1953
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