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Патент USA US3064707

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Nov. 20, 1962
A. s. MAIONE
3,064,697
APPARATUS FOR FILLING CONTAINERS
Filed Feb. 3, 1960
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
$1
Nov. 20, 1962
A. s. MAIONE‘.
3,064,697
APPARATUS FOR FILLING CONTAINERS
Filed Feb. 5. 1960
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
Nov. 20, 1962
A. s. MAIONE
3,064,697
APPARATUS FOR FILLING CONTAINERS
Filed Feb. 5, 1960
4 Sheets-Sheet 5
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Nov. 20, 1962
A. s. MAIONE
3,064,697
APPARATUS FOR FILLING CONTAINERS
Filed Feb. 3. 1960
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
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United States Patent O?ice
1
3,064,697
Anthony S. Maione, Syracuse, N.Y., assiguor to National
APPARATUS FOR FILLING CONTAINERS
Dairy Products Corporation, New York, N.Y., a corpo
ration of Delaware
Filed Feb. 3, 1960, Ser. No. 6,470
5 Claims. ((21. 141-—83)
3,654,697
Patented Nov. 20, 195?.
2
lidding means 17. After lidding of the containers 13,
they may be removed from the apparatus for storage
or shipping.
In the illustrated embodiment of the invention, the feed
ing means comprises an inclined chute 25 which is formed
from suitable sheet metal material. The containers 23
are laid on their side and rolled down the chute toward
the tilting and ?lling means 15. The containers 23 are
The present invention relates generally to improved
charged into the chute 25 with their open ends extending
means for ?lling containers with viscous material and, 10 toward the tilting and ?lling means 15. Since the illus
more particularly, it relates to improved apparatus for
trated machine is particularly adapted for ?lling ice cream
automatically ?lling containers with such material.
containers, the containers will be made of ?berboard, but
The present practice in respect of the ?lling of ice
it will be understood that more rigid material may also
cream containers for storage and shipping involves, in
be used.
many instances, hand ?lling of the containers, thereby 15 At the lower end of the chute 25 there is provided a
requiring labor and a substantial degree of manual han
stop 27 which holds the lower most container 23a in posi
dling of the containers. Furthermore, such hand ?lling
tion for engagement by the moving means 21.
of containers often results in inaccuracy in the ?lling
The tilting and ?lling means 15 comprises a generally
of the containers and occasionally results in necessary re
conically shaped nozzle 29 which ?ares downwardly
?lling of the containers.
20 (FIGURE 4). The nozzle communicates with a source
The main object of this invention is, therefore, to
of material which is to be ?lled into the containers Z3,
provide improved apparatus for the ?lling of viscous
and in the illustrated embodiment, the nozzle communi
material, such as ice cream. A further object of this in
cates with an ice cream machine.
vention is the provision of such apparatus for automati
The form and shape and of the nozzle 29 is particu
cally ?lling containers with ice cream. A still further 25 larly important in connection with this invention. In this
object of this invention is the provision of apparatus for
connection, the underside of the nozzle is provided with
automatically ?lling containers and, thereafter, lidding
an annular plate 31 which has a centrally disposed open
the containers.
ing 33 (FIGURE 5). The annular plate 31 serves to
An additional object of this invention is the provision
wipe the top of the material in the container 23 to pro
of apparatus for automatically feeding empty containers 30 vide desired leveling of the surface and to prevent an ex
to ?lling means and, upon ?lling with the desired amount
of material, actuating the apparatus to lid the containers.
Various features of the invention are shown in the
tending tip of ice cream from the container. The conical
shape of the nozzle is also important to aid in tilting the
containers and to properly position for ?lling with the
accompanying drawing, in which:
nozzle.
FIGURE 1 is a plan view, partially in section of ap 35
It is important that the annular ring on the bottom of
paratus in accordance with this invention;
the nozzle extend over at least about ?fty percent (50%)
‘FIGURE 2 is a front elevational view, also partially
of the area of the container to provide the desired level
in section, of the apparatus shown in FIGURE 1;
ing of the upper space of material.
FIGURE 3 is a partial side view of the apparatus shown
The rearward edge of the nozzle 29 is provided with
in FIGURE 1, portions of the apparatus being broken 40 a beveled edge 34 which permits feeding of the con
away;
tainers without catching on the edge of the nozzle 29.
FIGURE 4 is an elevational view of the ?lling nozzle,
The lidding means 17 comprises an upwardly extend
the nozzle being broken away;
ing, generally elliptically shaped tube 35. Lids 37 for
FIGURE 5 is a top view of the nozzle shown in FIG
the containers 23 are introduced into this tube 35 and, by
45
URE 4;
gravity, feed downwardly through the tube 35.
FIGURE 6 is an isometric View of a pusher unit uti
At the bottom of the tube 35, the rearward edge of the
lized in the apparatus of the invention;
tube is provided with a lip 39 which tends to hold the
FIGURE 7 is a view illustrating the manner of en
lids 37 in the tube 35. The forward edge of the tube
gagement of a container with the nozzle just prior to ?ll
35 is open to permit the lids to extend out for engagement
ing of the container;
with the containers 23 (FIGURE 3 ).
FEGURE 8 is a view similar to FIGURE 7 illustrating
The lidding means 17 further includes inclined rails
thev container at a later time in the operation; and
39 which carry biasing means 4th for pressing the lids onto
FIGURES 9, 10, 11, and 12 are schematic views illus-_
the top of the containers. These rails extend forwardly
trating the successive operations of the pusher unit and
from the tube 35, and, as indicated, press the lids 39 onto
55
of the pulling unit of the present invention, and illus
the container. An adjustable tensioning'means 41 is pro
trating the manner of engagement of a container by the
vided for urging the biasing means 46 against the lids.
pulling unit.
The weighing means 3.9 is disposed immediately below
The apparatus of the present invention comprises con
the nozzle 29 and comprises a plate 42 which receives the
tainer feeding means 13, ?lling and tilting means 15, and
containers 23 from the feeding means 13. The plate 42
lidding means 17. The apparatus additionally comprises 60 is carried on a rod 43 which is urged by means of springs
a weighing means 19 which is associated with a container
moving means 21. These various means are carried on
46 toward an upper position.
The force exerted on the
plate 42 by the springs is adjusted so that when a container
23 contains the proper amount of material, the container
a frame 22 which will not be fully described herein,
since its construction and arrangement are within the 65 is in position to be moved from the nozzle 29. 0n the
other hand, when the container 23 is empty, it surrounds
skill of the art.
the nozzle 29. Filling of the container causes the plate
In the operation of the apparatus of the invention,
42 to move downwardly and, when the container is full,
cylindrical containers 23 are placed in the feeding means
the ?lled container may be moved from under the nozzle
13 and are introduced into the tilting and ?lling means
to the lidding means 17.
15. After proper ?lling of the container 23, as deter
The force of the springs 46 on the plate 42 is adjusted
mined by the weighing means 19, the moving means 21
by
means of an adjustable spring 46a to provide accuracy
is actuated, causing the containers to move towards the
in weighing and adjustment of the weighing means 19 to
3,06d,697
.
different materials which may be ?lled into the con
tainers 23. Adjustment of the spring 46a may be effected
by means of the nut 47 on the threaded hoolt 49.
It will
be apparent that various other means for adjusting the
tension on the spring 46a may be provided, as .well as
_
a
of the pulling unit 57.
The arm 93 connects to a valve
95 which, as before indicated, operates the double-acting
cylinder 88 causing a container pulled into the lidding
‘ means 17 to be shoved through the lidding means 17,.
The rod 43 extends through a suitable guide 51 which
thereby engaging a lid 37 and being thereupon shoved
through the biasing means (iii. In the biasing means, the
lid is press-ed onto the container.
From the foregoing description, it will be seen that in
‘is carried on the frameZZ by means of a bracket 53.
i the operation of the moving means 21, the pusher unit
In operation of the weighing means 19, the rod 43 moves
55 is actuated by the ?lling'of container 23 which causes
vertically and, in its lowermost position, actuates the
the rod 47 to actuate the arm 69 onthe valve 67. There
moving means 21. It will be apparent that upon ?lling
of container 23 by the nozzle 29 the plate 42 is lowered
into position for receipt of a new container 23 from the
upon, the container 23a is pushed by means of the plate
various other means for adjusting the force of the spring
46.
Y
feeding means 13.
,
Y
The Weighing means may actuate a valve, through suit
able mechanisms, to open the nozzle 39 and ?ll the con
tainer. In this connection, when the plate ‘42 of the
weighing means is in its uppermost position, it may effec
75 and an edge of the container 23a engages the nozzle
29 of the ?lling and tilting means 15. This causes the
container 23a to be rotated into an upright position, in
the manner generally shown in FIGURES 7 and 8. It
will ‘be noted that the edge of the container 23a operates
to push the ?lled container 23 from below the nozzle
and, when it is in its lowermost position, it may eifectively
close the valve. However, other arrangements for actu
29. Thus, the container 23a is positioned on the plate
42 of the weighing means which by action of the springs
46, is moved upwardly to the position shown in the
dotted lines in FIGURE 2. In this position, the container
ating such a valve are within the skill of the art.
23 surrounds the nozzle 29, thereby minimizing splash
tivelv open a valve to commence ?lling of the container
The moving means 21 is, in the illustrated embodiment,
actuated by compressed air which is supplied to the system
from a suitable source.
The various units operated by
the compressed air may also be operated by various other’
means, such as an electrical system, and, therefore, the
details of the'over-all' compressed air system are not de
scribed herein. It will be understood by those skilled in
the art that the various units operated by the compressed
air may also be actuated by other means.
The moving means 21 of this invention includes three
basic units, one unit being a pusher unit 55 for pushing
the containers from the feeding means 13 towards the tilt
ing and ?lling means 15. The moving means also com
prises a pulling unit 57 which is operable to pull a ?lled
container 23, immediately after removal from the weigh
ing means 19 into position for being fed into the lidding
means 17.
The moving means 21 further includes a
lid ‘actuating unit 59 which moves a ?lled container
through the lidding means 17.
The pusher unit 55 comprises a double-acting cylinder
61 which is actuated through a double-acting valve ‘63.
ing of the material being ?lled into the container.
After the container is ?lled, it moves downwardly
against the action of the springs 46 until the rod 47 actu
ates the arm 69 of the valve 67, at which time the con
tainer is below the lower edge of the nozzle 29.
The ?lled container moves over the cross bar 87 of
the pulling unit. As before indicated, the forward
movement of the pusher unit 55 operates the valve 86,
causing the ?lled container to be pulled toward the lid
ding means 17.
When the filled container touches the
arm 93, the lid actuating unit cylinder 87 is operated,
causing the ?lled cylinder to pick upga lid from the lid
ding unit 35, which lid is suitably placed on to the con
tainer 23. At the same time that the lid actuating unit
is operated, a container disposed rearwardly of the unit
being lidded is pushed forward and into a cold room,
or other storage place.
The apparatus of this invention, it will be seen from
the foregoing, is wholly automatic and ?lls the containers
with the desired amount of material in a quite sanitary
manner so that it is readily usable in connection with
The valve as is connected to an air line as which com
the ?lling of ice cream and like food products. 'It' will
municates with a valve 67 operated by the weighing means 45 be‘ apparent that various sized containers can be used
19. In this connection rod 43 of the weighing means 19
while enjoying the features of this invention. It will also
moves an arm 69 on the valve thereby actuating the valve
be apparent that the apparatus of the invention can be
67.
In the double-acting cylinder is located a piston 71
(FTGURE 6) which connectsto a rod 73, on which is
mounted a pusher plate '75. The pusher plate comprises a
vertical section 77 and an angularly extending section
79. The vertical section 77 and the pusher plate 75 ?rst
engage the container 23a (FIGURE 7) in the feeding
means 13 and pushes it towards the tilting and ?lling
means 15. In orderfto prevent the container 23a from
sliding up on the pusher plate, a stop 81 is attached to the
upper edge of the pusher plate 75.
The pulling unit 57 also includes a double-acting cylin
der 83 which operates a rod 85 connected to a cross bar
37 which, in the operation of the apparatus pulls a ?lled
container toward the lidding means 17, as illustrated in
FIGURES 9 through 12. The pulling unit 57 may be ac
tuated by the pusher plate 75 contacting a valve 86, at the
forward end of its movement, thereby causing the pulling
unit 57 to operate. The air connections between the
valve 86 and the cylinder 83 are conventional and are not
shown.
The lid actuating unit 59 further includes a double~act
ing cylinder 88 having the usual piston disposed therein
connected to a rod 89.
The rod is connected to a plate
91 having a curved surface for engaging the side of a
container 23. The double-acting cylinder is actuated by
means of an arm 93 which is operated by a ?lled con
tainer when moved into the lidding means 17 by means
used with containers having different degrees of rigidity,
1 but a particular advantage of this apparatus is its ability
to handle containers having ?berboard vwalls which are
subject to distortion under pressure.
The various features of this invention which are be
lieved to be new are set forth in the following claims.
‘I claim:
1
'
a
1. Apparatus for'?lling viscous material into contain
ers comprising, in combination, container feeding means,
open ended cylindrical containers laid on their sides in
said feeding means, ?lling and tilting means positioned
to receive containers from said feeding means, a down
wardly ?aring surface on said ?lling and tilting means
positioned to engage the open end of a container, moving
means engageable with the container to move the con
tainer into contact with the downwardly ?aring surface
on said ?lling and tilting means, thereby rotating the con
tainer into an upright position.
2. Apparatus for ?lling viscous material into con
tainers comprising, in combination, container feeding
means, open ended cylindrical containers laid on their
sides in said feeding means, ?lling and tilting means posi
tioned to receive containers from said feeding means,
a downwardly ?aring surface on said ?lling and tilting
means positioned to engage the open end of a container,
moving means engageable with the container to move the
container into contact with ‘said downwardly ?aring sur
3,064,697
6
faces on said ?lling and tilting means, whereby the open
end of the container is tilted upwardly along said down
wardly ?aring surface to rotate the container into an up
spring means adjusted to continuously lower the con
tainer as it is ?lled so that the ?lled container is posi
tioned below the lowermost edge of said ?lling means.
5. Apparatus for ?lling material into containers com
right position.
3. Apparatus for ?lling viscous material into contain
prising, in combination, container feeding means, ?lling
ers comprising, in combination, inclined container feed
means positioned to receive containers from said feed
ing means, open ended cylindrical containers laid on
ing means, pushing means positioned to move containers
their sides in said feeding means, ?lling and tilting means
from said feeding means into said ?lling means, weigh
positioned to receive containers from said feeding means,
ing means positioned below said ?lling means, said
a downwardly ?aring surface on said ?lling and tilting 10 iweighing means comprising a plate and spring means
means positioned to engage the open end of the contain
connected to said plate urging said plate toward said
ers, moving means engageable with a container to move
?lling means, to cause an empty container to surround
the container into contact with said downwardly ?aring
the ?lling means, tension adjusting means on said spring
surface on said ?lling and tilting means, whereby the
means adjusted to continuously lower the container as
open end of the container is tilted upwardly along said 15 it is ?lled so that the ?lled container is positioned below
downwardly ?aring surface to rotate the container into
the lowermost edge of said ?lling means, pulling means
an upright position in surrounding relation to said ?ll
disposed adjacent said ?lling means, said pulling means
ing and tilting means.
having a container engaging means thereon.
4. Apparatus for ?lling material into containers com
prising, in combination, container feeding means, ?lling
20
means positioned to receive containers from said feeding
means, pushing means positioned to move contaners
from said feeding means into said ?lling means, and
weighing means positioned below said ?lling means, said
weighing means comprising a plate and spring means 25
connected to said plate urging said plate toward said
?lling means, to cause an empty container to surround
the ?lling means, and tension adjusting means on said
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
718,987
1,634,416
Dement ____________ __ Jan. 27, 1903
Galland ______________ __ July 5, 1927
1,719,222
1,751,487
2,248,311
2,651,445
Goldberger __________ __ July 2,
McIntyre ____________ __ Mar. 25,
Skoog ________________ __ July 8,
Kennedy ____________ __ Sept. 8,
1929
1930
1941
1953
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