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Патент USA US3065318

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NOVQZO, 1962
G, M, SUYEOKA
3,065,308
FILE CARD BOX
Filed Jan. 25, 1960
Inventor
George M. Sugeoka
United States Patent O??ce
2
1
FIGURE 5 is a back view of the ?le box of FIGURE 3
with parts in cross-section to illustrate the hinge means
3,0613%
employed therein.
FILE ‘CARD EGX
George M. Suyeo‘ira, Chicago, 1511., assignor to Abbott
Laboratories, North Chicago, III., a corporation of
iliinois
fi??d??ii
Patented Nov. 20, 1952
In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in the
foregoing ?gures, the ?le card box has a substantially rec
tangular, normally horizontal tray portion 11 for receiv
ing and substantially storing ?le cards 12. Tray portion
Filed Ian. 25, 196%, éier. No. 4,326
3 Qiaims. (Cl. lid-43)
II is formed by a bottom or floor 13 which is contiguous
with opposite side wall panels 14 and 15 as well as a front
This invention relates to a container for receiving and 10 ‘wall panel 16 and a rear wall panel 17. Side wall panels
storing cards and, more particularly, to a ?le card box
14 and 15 are also contiguous with front wall panel 16 at
wherein the cover portion in upright position coacts with
one end, and rear wall panel 17 at the opposite ends to
the tray portion to de?ne an auxiliary temporary storage
form rectangular tray portion 11. Front and rear wall
panels 16 and 17, respectively, have a somewhat greater
In the use of containers for the ?le cards or the like, 15 height than cards 12, while side Wall panels 14 and 15 are
compartment.
the user frequently must ?nger through a number of cards
and select speci?c cards or groups of cards from the en
tire supply. When the selected cards are removed, they
are easily misplaced or their order disrupted. In accord
ance with the present invention, this problem is overcome
by presenting in a unitary, completely covered card con
tainer a swingable cover effective in down position to
cover the container and in up position to de?ne an auxil
iary card storage compartment. In use, the cover of the
container is swung from down to up position, the user
somewhat lesser in height to provide easy access to cards
12. The width of the box is slightly greater than the
width of the cards. For 5 inch wide cards, for example,
the box may be about 53/16 inches wide.
The novel card box is also composed of a substantially
rectangular top cover member shown generally at 18.
This cover has a roof portion 19 which is contiguous along
its lateral edges with side or skirt portions 20 and 21.
Roof portion 19 and side portions 20‘ and 21 are contigu
ous at the rear edges thereof with back wall 22 to form
?ngers through the stored cards, the cards of interest are
selected and placed in the temporary storage compart
in effect a four sided rectangular box having roof, back,
and side portions but no front or bottom portions.
ment, the cards are used as desired, all of the cards are
Cover member 18 is pivotally mounted to tray portion
then placed in proper position in the container, and the
cover is restored to closing position to condition the unit
for normal storage.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to pro
vide an improved ?le box for systematically storing cards,
and the like, which in the opened condition de?nes an
11 by means of rivets 23 and 24. As shown, the side por
tions of the cover nest over the side portions 14 and 15 of
the tray portions. Side member 20 of cover member 18
is pivotally attached to side wall panel 14- of tray portion
auxiliary compartment for systematically and temporarily
receiving the selected cards withdrawn from the ?le box;
It is another object of the present invention to provide
an improved ?le box of the above type in which the auxil
iary compartment is so located and supported that the box
is stably supported under all conditions;
It is still another object of the present invention to pro
vide a novel ?le box with a swingable cover that passes
in detent-like action to an open or upstanding position
wherein it is positively stopped and forms a surface co~
planar to and contiguous with the base;
Another object of the present invention is to provide an
improved ?le box of the foregoing type embodying fea
tures of construction, combination and arrangement,
40
11 by means of rivet 23 while side member 21 is pivotally
attached to side wall panel 15 by means of rivet 24. As
seen best in the detailed view of FIGURE 5, the rivets 23
and 24 are preferably of sleeve construction with inner
and outer headed portions between which the sides of the
tray portion and cover are sandwiched. The diameter of
each rivet 23 and 24- in the portion it receives the sides of
the tray and cover portions is relatively large (e.g., 1A
inch) to form a relatively large peripheral surface engage
ment. This minimizes wear of the sides of the tray and
cover portions and thereby extends the life of the box.
As illustrated in FIGURE 1, the rivets 23 and 24 are
located in coaxial relation to de?ne an axis crosswise of
the box, substantially above the ?oor 13, and somewhat
forwardly of the rear wall panel 17. In a box about 71/2
inches long and with a cover having side walls about 3%
whereby in the opened, auxiliary compartment de?ning
inches high, the rivets 23 and 24 are preferably located
condition it forms a highly stable unit that is readily han
about 1/2 inch above the bottom of floor 13 and about 3/8
dled on an ordinary desk without any tendency to tip or
inch forwardly of the front side of the rear wall panel 17 .
close.
The cover 18, in FIGURE 3 is located on the rivets to de
The foregoing objects and other objects of the present
?ne a space of about 1/a inch between the back side of rear
invention will be readily appreciated by reference to the
wall panel 17 and the front ‘face of the back wall 22. As
55
following detailed description when considered in con
described hereafter, this construction serves to de?ne the
junction with the accompanying drawing showing the em
auxiliary compartment which serves as a receptacle for
bodiment of the invention, wherein:
'
selective cards 25.
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a ?le card box con
Referring speci?cally to FIGURE 2, it will be noted
structed in accordance with the present invention in a
that the bot-tom of tray portion 11 is provided with a ?at
fully opened position and having cards placed both in the
panel 26 located within the con?nes of floor 13 de?ning
primary and auxiliary compartments.
an edge 27 inboard of and parallel to the rear edge 133 of
FIGURE 2 is a somewhat reduced side elevational view
?oor 13. This panel provides a linear stop face 27, FIG
of FIGURE 1 with parts in cross-section to show better
URES 3-5, for cover member 18. The panel 26 is ad
the stop surfaces that de?ne the upstanding position of the
hesively or otherwise secured to the fioor 13 of tray
65
portion II. It will be observed that with cover member
cover.
FIGURE 3 is a side elevational view in vertical section
18 in an upright or open position, the back wall 22 is
of the box of FIGURE 1 in the closed or normal storage
horizontally oriented in coplanar relation with ?at panel
26. The back wall 22 and the panel 26 thereby form a
position.
continuous smooth, ?at base for the ?le box. This pro
FIGURE 4 is a greatly enlarged fragmentary side eleva
vides an unusually ?rm support for the box.
tional view of the axis-de?ning rivet and associated por
As speci?cally shown in FIGURE 3, roof portion 19
tions of the ?le box of FIGURE 1 with arrows indicating
movement of the respective parts.
is supported by front and rear wall panels 16 and 17.
3,065,308
3
It is of a slightly greater length than ?oor 13. This pro
vides a forwardly protruding horizontal ?nger receiving
4
the distance of said axis to the bottom edge of the ?oor;
lwhereby when the cover is moved toward an upright po
sition, the bottom rear edge of the cover interferes slightly
'with the bottom rear edge of the base and springs under
surface 193‘ by which cover member 18 may be opened.
Back wall 22 terminates somewhat above the bottom face
of panel 26 (e.g., about 34 inch) and is positioned a short 5 the same in a detent-like action to hold the cover in an
distance outwardly from rear wall panel 17 to provide
upright position when the rear edge of the cover ulti
the incomplete clearance during the pivoting of cover
mately contacts the linear stop face, the cover in the
member 18 as hereafter described and to provide engage
fully upright position de?ning an open topped and closed
ment of the stop surfaces when the cover is slightly be
bottomed card receiving space behind the tray for tem
yond the erect position.
porary storage of cards.
As shown in FIGURE 4, an axis common to rivets 23
2. A ?le card box adapted to receive ?le cards of pre
and 24 is disposed above and in forward relationship
determined width and height and to form a compartment
with respect to the linear stop face 27 de?ned by panel
for the temporary storage of selected ?le cards, the box
26. A vertical center line CL which passes through the
comprising: a tray part composed of a rectangular ?oor,
axis of rivets 23 and 24 indicates the forward disposition 15 opposed side walls of a given height and opposed front
of the axis with respect to the linear stop face 27. This
and rear walls of a height greater than that of the op
assures that the bottom edge 28 of back wall 22 seats
posed side walls to form a tray to receive the cards for
against linear stop face 27 when cover 18 is swung
storage; a ?at panel located within the con?nes of the
slightly beyond vertical position. The axis of rotation
?oor of the tray part to de?ne a margin inboard of the
through rivets 23 and 24 is so positioned in relation to 20 ?oor and secured to the underside thereof to support the
the linear stop face 27 and the rear bottom face 28 of
same, said panel at the rear margin de?ning an edge in
the cover as to bring the inside of back wall 22 into
board and parallel to the rear edge of the ?oor to ‘form
slightly interfering relation to the rear edge of floor 13.
a linear stop face; a cover part having a roof of at least
This interference provides a detent-like springing action
the extent of the ?oor and a pair of depending sides tele
as the back panel 22 passes over the rear edge 13a formed 25 scoping over and outboard of the side walls of the tray
by ?oor 13 and panel 17. This detent-like action results
part and of a height substantially equal to the height of
from the ?exure of the lower part of the panel 22 as it
the front wall of the tray part, the cover further having
is forced over the rear edge 13stL of floor 13. The rear
a back wall secured to the side walls and the roof and
edge of floor 13 is rounded to provide a somewhat smooth
terminating above the bottom edge of the side walls of
interfering relationship.
As shown in FIGURE 4, the cover member 18 can be
swung from the closed to the fully opened position While
the ?le box is resting on a suitable support.
The ?le box is preferably made of a sturdy cardboard
material having sufficient ?exibility and resiliency to pro
vide the springing and locking effect as above described.
The ?le box can be constructed from a cardboard blank
with the side and end portions folded and secured with
30 the cover when the roof of the cover contacts one of the
walls of the tray part to place the cover in a closed posi
tion; and means pivotally securing the cover to the tray
for rotation about an axis disposed above and in forward
relationship with respect to the linear stop face and the
bottom edge of the back wall positioned from said axis
at a distance slightly less than the distance from said
axis to the bottom rear edge of the ?oor, whereby when
the cover is moved toward an upright position, the bot
tom rear edge of the cover interferes slightly with the bot
outside with a pleasantly appearing material. Rivets 23 40 tom rear edge of the base and springs under the same in a
and 24 are the tubular type of copper or similar ma
detent-like action to hold the cover in an upright posi
terial commonly employed in fabricating light construc
tion when the rear edge of the cover ultimately contacts
an adhesive.
The ?le box may then be covered on the
tion materials. It is obvious that other materials having
similar physical properties can be employed and still fall
Within the scope of the present invention.
Others may readily adapt the invention for use under
various conditions of service, by employing one or more
of the novel features disclosed or equivalents thereof. As
at present advised with respect to the apparent scope of
the linear stop face, the cover in the fully upright position
de?ning an open topped and closed bottomed card re
ceiving space behind the tray for temporary storage of
cards.
3. A ?le card box adapted to receive ?le cards of pre
determined width and height and to form a compartment
for the temporary storage of selected ?le cards, the box
my invention, I desire to claim the following subject 50 comprising: a tray part composed of a rectangular ?oor,
matter.
opposed side walls of a given height and opposed front
I claim:
and rear walls of a height greater than ‘that of the op
1. A ?le card box adapted to receive ?le cards of pre
determined width and height and to form a compartment
posed side walls to form a tray to receive the cards for
storage; a ?at panel located within the con?nes of the
for the temporary storage of selected ?le cards, the box 55 ?oor and secured to the underside thereof to support the
comprising: a tray part composed of a rectangular floor,
same, said panel at the rear margin de?ning an edge in
opposed side walls and opposed front and rear walls to
board and parallel to the rear edge of the ?oor to form
form a tray to receive the cards for storage; means lo
a linear stop face; a cover part slightly longer than the
cated within the con?nes of the ?oor of the tray part and
?oor and a pair of depending sides telescoping over and
secured to the underside thereof de?ning a ?at linear stop 60 outboard of the side walls of the tray part and of a height
face parallel to the rear edge of the ?oor and forwardly
substantially equal to the height of the front wall of the
of the same; a cover part having a roof of at least the
tray part, the cover further having a back wall secured to
extent of the floor and a pair of depending sides tele
the side walls and the roof and terminating above the
scoping over and outboard of the side Walls of the tray
bottom edge of the side walls of the cover when the
part and of a height substantially equal to the height 65 roof of the cover contacts one of the walls of the tray
of the front wall of the tray part, the cover further having
part to place the cover in a closed position; and means
a back Wall secured to the side walls and the roof and
pivotally securing the cover to the tray for rotation about
terminating above the bottom edge of the side walls of
an axis disposed above and in forward relationship with
the cover when the roof of the cover contacts one of the
respect to the linear stop face and the bottom edge of
walls of the tray part to place the cover in a closed posi 70 the back wall positioned from said axis at a distance
tion with respect thereto; and means pivotally securing
slightly less than the distance from said axis to the bot
the cover to the tray for rotation about an axis disposed
tom rear edge of the floor, whereby when the cover is
above and in forward relationship with respect to the
moved toward an upright position, the bottom rear edge
linear stop face and the bottom edge of the back wall
of the cover interferes slightly with the bottom rear edge
positioned from said axis at a distance slightly less than 75 of the base and springs under the same in a detent-like
3,065,308
5
action to hold the cover in an upright position when the
rear edge of the cover ultimately contacts the linear stop
face, the cover in the fully upright position de?ning an
opened topped and closed ‘bottomed card receiving space
behind the tray for temporary storage of cards.
5
>,
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,065,412
2,140,382
Weiss ______________ __ Fume 24, 1913
Hotson ______________ __ Dec. 13, 1938
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