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Патент USA US3065723

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Nov. 27, 1962
Filed Feb. 28, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
United States Patent 0
Patented Nov. 27., 1962
FIG. 2 a top plan view thereof;
FIG. 3 a cross-section on line III—III of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 a section on line IV—IV of FIG. 1, and
FIG. 5 a section on line V-—-V of FIG. 1, while
FIGS. 6 and 7 illustrate a stopping device,
FIG. 6 being a section taken on line VI——VI of FIG. 2,
Alfred Einfalt, Nuremberg, Germany, assignor to Ge
bruder Eint’alt Blechspielwarenfabrik, Nuremberg,
Germany, a firm
Filed Feb. 28, 1961, Ser. No. 92,194
Claims priority, application Germany Jan. 5, 1961
5 Claims. (Cl. 104—67)
with the device in operative position, and
FIG. 7 a similar view to FIG. 6 with the device in
disengaged or inoperative position.
The invention relates to a toy runway which is con
structed as a mountain railway and provided with places
where toy vehicles are stopped and released and/ or their
direction of travel is changed.
According to the invention it is proposed that in such
a toy runway, a run-in track leads into a known ascend
ing track with a rack or cog section running up a moun
tain and descending tracks leading in zig-zag into a val
ley, the last of these descending tracks terminating in
the run-in track. A toy runway built in this manner
comprises a closed track so that the vehicles running
thereon travel alternately uphill and down hill as long
as their momentum provides the necessary power.
order to prolong these travelling movements and thereby
increase the interest in the toy, the toy runway is pref
erably so constructed that a toy vehicle running thereon
is only driven along the ascending rack or cog track sec~
tions. The vehicle runs over the remaining track sec
tion by its intrinsic moment of inertia and the accelera
The toy runway according to the invention includes
a run-in track 1 carried on a plate 2 and a housing 3 on
the upper side of which, ascending track section 4 and
descending track sections 5, 6 and 7 are stamped in relief.
The last descending track 7 terminates in a connecting
15 or run-out section 8 leading into the run-in track 1 on
the plate 2.
The plate 2 carrying the run-in track 1 and the con
necting track 8 is joined to the housing 3 by means of a
hinge 9. The plate 2 can therefore be folded into the
housing 3 in the direction of the arrow x, for transport
ing the toy runway and when it is not in use, so that the
space the runway requires is considerably reduced.
The plate 2 is provided at its free end with a support
10 so that it is inclined towards the housing 3 with the
result that a vehicle placed on the run-in track 1 at re
versing point 11 will run to the ascending track section 4
under the action of gravity.
The ascending track 4, see particularly FIG. 1, is
tion imparted to it by gravity as itruns down the de
arched or curved. At its end it passes into a descend
scending track sections.
30 ing curved portion 12 which leads into the ?rst reversing
Consequently the run-in track, on which the vehicles
point 13 which connects the ascending portion 14 of the
are preferably placed one behind the other when starting
track 4 with the descending track 5.
to use the toy, is inclined‘ toward the lowermost portion
The tracks 5 and 6 each consist of a longer descending
of the ascending track section.
portion designated by 15 and 16 respectively and a
This ascending rack or cog track section extending 35 shorter ascending portion designated by 17 and 18 re
from the run-in track is preferably curved or arched and
spectively. In addition to the reversing point 13, revers
at its highest point merges into a descending curved
ing points 19 and 20 are provided at the ends of the
sections 5 and 6. The reversing point 19 connects the
The descending tracks of the toy runway, with the
track section 17 with the track section 16 and the revers
exception of the run-in and run-out end section, are 40 ing point 20 connects the track section 18 with the track
preferably each composed of a relatively long descend‘
7. The direction of travel of the vehicle running on the
ing section and a short ascending section, constructed as
toy runway is reversed at the reversing points 13, 19 and
reversing point. These descending tracks are preferably
20 and at the end 11 of the run-in track 1. To ensure
arranged in terraces.
w that no disturbances occur while the vehicles are running
To produce another effect in the sequence of move
and that they reliably change over from one track to the
ments of the toy vehicles, it is advantageous to provide
next following track, de?ecting cams 21 are arranged in
stopping places for the vehicles at least at the reversing
the track at the branch points.
points. These stopping places can be covered in and
The track sections conducting a vehicle from the rack
constructed on the outer side to represent a station or
The stopping device by which the vehicles are brought
to a standstill can again be disengaged by a vehicle pass—
or cog ascending track 4 back to the run-in track are
preferably arranged in the form of terraces.
In order to heighten the interest in the toy, a stopping
place can be provided for the vehicles at one of the re
ing into a reversing point. By this novel arrangement
versing points. In the example illustrated this stopping
according to the invention, the vehicles running on the
place is arranged at the reversing point 20. A vehicle
toy track can always be kept at a sufliciently great dis 55 arriving at this reversing point 20 is stopped by the stop
tance apart and can run at different speeds, a surprising
ping device consisting of a two-armed lever 22 in that
effect ‘being also obtained when one of the vehicles on a
descending track suddenly stops and then continues its
one arm 23 of this lever engages behind a cam 25 ar
ranged on the top of the vehicle 24.
travel without any apparent external in?uence.
The two-armed lever is pivoted on the underside of
The run-in and run-out track, which is forked‘, is hinged 60 the housing 3 so that it is out of sight. Its centre of
to the housing carrying the ascending and descending
track sections. As a result the advantage is derived that,
when the toy is not in use, it can be considerably re
duced in size. This measure is also advantageous for
gravity is displaced from the bearing point 26 towards
the lever arm 23 so that this arm 23 is always in its
lowered position. The other arm 27 of the two-armed
lever 22 projects into track preferably extending above
65 the stopping place.
When a vehicle passes through the
reversing point 13 it depresses the lever arm 27 with the
result that the other arm 23 of the two-armed lever 22 is
swung upwards thereby releasing the vehicle 24 hitherto
held at the reversing point 20 so that it can continue its
70 travel.
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of the toy runway according
I claim:
to the invention;
1. A toy runway simulating a mountain railway for a
Other advantages and features of the invention will
become apparent from the following description and‘ the
accompanying drawings in which an embodiment of the
invention is shown diagrammatically and by way of
plurality of toy vehicles comprising: a housing; an ascend
ing track on said housing; a plurality of descending
tracks on said housing and arranged in side-by-side rela
tion; a plurality of reversing points also on said housing
and interconnecting said tracks, at least two of said re
versing points being arranged in side-by-side relation;
and a stopping device for holding a vehicle at one of
said two reversing points, said stopping device including
means for releasing the vehicle held at said one revers
track and a reversing point, and means for holding said
plate inclined toward the lowermost portions of said as
cending and descending tracks.
5. A toy runway simulating a mountain railway for
toy motor vehicles comprising: a housing; an ascending
track formed in said housing and having a rack section
therein to provide driving traction for the vehicles; a
plurality of descending tracks formed in said housing;
a plate hinged to said housing for movement between
ing point upon the presence of another vehicle at the 10 storage and use positions and having run-in and run-out
tracks formed therein, said run-in and said run~out tracks
other of said two reversing points.
being inclined during use toward the lowermost portion
2. The toy runway recited in claim 1 in which said
of said ascending and descending tracks respectively; a
one reversing point is at a lower level than said other
plurality of reversing points connecting adjacent ends of
reversing point and in which said stopping device is a
lever pivotally supported under said housing and having 15 said tracks to form a closed track system; and a vehicle
stopping device de?ned by a lever pivotally supported
a pair of arms, one of said arms projecting into said one
reversing point to engage a vehicle thereon and the other
of said arms projecting into said other reversing point
for engagement by a vehicle thereon to pivot said lever to
under said housing, said lever having two arms, one arm
of which extends through said housing to engage and
stop a vehicle, the other arm of which extends through
20 said housing to be engaged by another vehicle and effect
a release position.
releace of the stopped vehicle.
3. The toy runway recited in claim 2 in which said
one arm is retained by gravity in a normally depressed
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
4. The toy runway recited in claim 1 including fur
ther a plate hingedly connected to said‘ housing, said 25
plate having formed therein a run-in track, a run-out
D’Agostino __________ __ May 26, 1914
Nolan ______________ __ June 30, 1925
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