close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3066694

код для вставки
Dec. 4, 1962
A. GOODMAN
3,066,684
FLEXIBLE COMB WITH INTEGRAL LATCH
Filed June 2, 1958
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
ABRAHAM 600mm”
,zf
ATTORNEY
Dec. 4, 1962
A. GOODMAN
3,066,684
FLEXIBLE COMB WITH INTEGRAL LATCH
Filed June 2, 1958
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
NN
_PL|__________
|
°\°
INVEN'ILOR.
ABRAHAM Goon/14,4”
Dec. 4, 1962
A. GOODMAN
3,066,684
FLEXIBLE COME WITH INTEGRAL LATCH
Filed June 2, 1958
3 Sheets-Sheet 3'
Mg
2:
m
no -——?
“
‘
IF:
.v m
\ 5*’ \k‘s'l
M
>3
:
\ >
a llfll1L‘a’: ’//W
,7“ “Z
a ni-\\\ a
00
9,
'
' Q
a
\-
\
*7
>
Q
>
&
“g;
2'3
R
L;
\
Q
Q
1
U cg
P‘ “
.0
N
0s
1
‘Q
QB,»
M
_}
I’
Q
_
K
>\
2)
.
\
INVENTOR.
“a,
\
>
ABRAHAM GOODMAN
was
7
ATTOP/Vf)’
United States Patent O??ce
1
3,965,684
Patented Dec. 4, 1962
2
ment, even though the perimeter of the hair arrange
3,056,684
ment may be varied considerably.
FLEXIBLE {10MB WlTH TNTEGRAL LATCH
Another feature of the comb construction is that the
Abraham Goodman, New York, N.Y., assignor to Dela
mere Company, Inc” New York, N.Y., a corporation 5 form and contour of the comb, in its entirety,‘ and the
of Delaware
individual sections of the head and teeth thereof are such
as to enhance the appearance of the hair considerably
Filed June 2, 1958, Ser. No. 739,204
over that with the devices previously utilized.
6 Claims. (Cl. 132—46)
Another feature of the ?exible comb is that the ?exural
This invention relates to combs and is particularly di~
construction of the teeth and head are such, that once an
rected to combs which are so constructed that the teeth
and head thereof are relatively ?exible and may be
wrapped around a relatively large cluster or grouping of
hair, which is known as a “pony tail,” or other type of
hair cluster, which the wearer desires to retain in a con—
trolled position.
This type of comb is utilized as a retaining comb for
gripping a substantially cylindrical cluster of hair which
is collected at the rear of the female head and which is
popularly known as a “pony tail,” the hair projecting out~
ward from the head in a direction substantially perpen
dicular to the scalp.
While known popularly as a “pony tail,” this type of
hair cluster is actually strikingly like the tail of a show
horse or pony, which is cut to a relatively short length,
and is held so that it projects angularly outward.
Due to wide variations in the texture of the human
hair, and the variations in individual taste, which con
trols the number of hairs included in a “pony tail,” the
actual circumference of the hair cluster, at or near the
juncture with the head, varies considerably, and will even
vary to some extent with the individual wearer from day
to day.
The gripping and retention of a large cluster of rela
tively short hair of this type and its retention in its proper
position relative to the head has presented quite a problem
to the wearer, due to the peculiar nature and size of the
hair arrangement, and its relation to the scalp.
Elastic bands of various types, and combinations of
elastic bands or narrow elastic webbing, and small combs
individual tooth is inserted in the latching socket, it is
positively gripped thereby and will therefore not be dis
lodged or substantially displaced until it is released and
removed by the wearer.
The gripping feature of the ?exible teeth is such that
the comb is held tightly and accurately in its adjusted po
sition, whether latched at its maximum length, using an
end tooth as a latching element, or when any of the in
termediate teeth near the end tooth are used for latching,
thereby varying the length of the comb, and the circum
ference or perimeter of the “pony tail” which it will grip.
The ?exible comb is made in one piece, of a plastic
material, the contour of the individual teeth and the
head sections thereof being such that the comb will with
stand bending through relatively sharp angles, and drop
ping, without permanently distorting the comb or the
teeth thereof.
_
Another feature of the comb construction is that the
latching elementris, integral with the comb, small and
accurately ?tted to the latching teeth, so that the latched
portion of the comb is relatively unobtrusive, and so con-‘
structed that it will not distort or injure the hair to which
it is attached, or the scalp of the wear, in any manner.
A primary feature of the comb construction is that the
latching socket is molded, or otherwise formed integral
with the comb tooth and head structure, so that it will
retain its adjustment and its relation to the balance of
the comb over sustained periods.
Another advantages of the latching means employed,
is that the comb will retain its shape and ?exibility over
or barrettes have been used to some extent, either with 40 a sustained period, regardless of the position in which
or without a ribbon tied around the hair.
the comb is latched, and regardless of the variations in
These have been relatively unsatisfactory as the mount
ing of an elastic band or other elastic holder on a cluster
the latching teeth employed, or the length‘of the perim
eter of the grouping of hair gripped.
-
or bunch of hair of this type, is relatively difficult and
Another feature of the comb construction is that the
frequently requires the assistance of another person in
contour of the inner or gripping surface of the comb in
applying them to the hair.
the latched position may be circular, oval, or of other
Applicant provides a ?exible comb, which may readily
desired contour, the ?exibility of the comb structure al
be wrapped around the hair cluster or “pony tail,” the
lowing the teeth and head sections to resume their initial
teeth of the comb, which are highly ?exible, being in
form after the comb is removed from the hair and un
serted into the outer layers of the hair, so that the comb 50 latched.
is positively gripped by the hair, a latching socket being
Various modi?cations of the comb construction are
provided so that after the comb teeth are inserted in the
hair, the comb is positively latched and will retain its
provided to suit individual tastes, and latching conditions,
the essential features of the ?exible comb construction and
contour and the shape of the “pony tail” over a prolonged
the latching socket provided therewith remaining substam
55
period, and permit free movement of the head without
tially the same.
‘
disturbing or dislodging the comb, or releasing the hair.
A primary feature of applicant’s comb is that it is
readily adjustable in length over a relatively wide range,
are such that the comb can also be utilized for other pur
so that it will grip a grouping or bunch of hair or “pony
poses in which a comb having a high degree of ?exibility
While primarily directed to the purpose hereinbefore
described, the ?exibility of the teeth and head of the comb
tail” ranging considerably in perimeter, the ?exibility of 60 is required, even though it is not formed into a closed
loop and latched, the latching socket being small so that
the teeth of the comb and the head thereof uniformly
it will not interfere with other uses of the comb.
gripping the hair over its entire circumference, or perim
The accompanying drawings, illustrative of one em
eter after the comb is latched.
Another feature of the invention is that the comb, once 65 bodiment of the invention, and several modi?cations there
of, together with the description of their construction
latched, will be held in its latched position without ex
and the method of ?tting, mounting and utilization there
traneous retaining means, or additional holding devices
of, will serve to clarify further objects and advantages
of any type.
of the invention.
Another feature of the comb construction is that the
In the drawings:
comb can be applied by the individual without assistance, 70
FIGURE 1 represents a front elevational view of one
the clamping length adjusted, and the entire unit posi
embodiment of the ?exible com-b construction, ?tted
tioned in the hair easily and without excessive adjust
with one type of latching socket for gripping one of the
3,066,684.
3
teeth of the comb, located adjacent the end opposite
the socket.
FIGURE 2 is a schematic plan view of a portion of
the ?exible com-b construction shown in FIGURE 1, with
the end of the comb wrapped around through a circular
arc simulating wrapping around a “pony tail,” one of the
intermediate teeth of the comb being ?tted through the
latching socket to retain the comb in the latched
position.
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged front elavational view of
the teeth at one end of the comb, and the latching
socket of the comb shown in FIGURE 1, showing the
in FIGURE 1, ?tted through the loop of the latching
socket at the right-hand end of the comb, the section
being taken on the line l3—13, FIGURE 12.
FIGURE 14 represents an enlarged front elevational
view, similar to FIGURE 12, of the modi?ed ?exible
comb shown in FIGURE 8, with the vertical legs of
one of the intermediate teeth located adjacent the left
hand end of the ?exible comb, inserted through the loop
in the latching socket of the comb, to retain the comb
in the latched position in the same manner as those
shown in FIGURES 2 and 13.
FIGURE 15 is an enlarged partial plan view and par
tial cross-section, similar to FIGURE 13, through the
‘relation between the latching socket and the adjacent
modi?ed ?exible comb shown in FIGURE 14, showing
end teeth of the comb.
FIGURE 4 is an enlarged plan view of the right 15 the substantially vertical legs of one of the intermediate
teeth located adjacent the left-hand end of the comb,
hand end teeth of the ?exible comb shown in FIGURE 1,
showing the relation between the latching socket, which
serves as 13. latch, and the substantially vertical legs of
the teeth, located at and adjacent the right-hand end of
the comb.
FIGURE 5 is an enlarged right-hand side elevational
view of the end teeth of the comb shown in FIGURES
1 and 3, showing the relation between the looped latch
ing socket and the adjacent end teeth of the\comb.
FIGURE 6 is an enlarged front elevational view, simi
lar to FIGURE 3, of the right-hand end teeth of a
modi?cation of the ?exible comb shown in FIGURES
1 and 3, showing the inner vertical leg of the right-hand
end tooth extended upward to the ?exible head section
of the comb, and a modi?cation of the looped latching ,
socket shown in FIGURES 1 and 3.
?tted through the loop through the latching socket to
retain the ?exible comb in the latching position shown
in FIGURE 14, the section being taken on the line
15-45, FIGURE 14.
FIGURE 16 is an enlarged vertical section through
the latched ?exible comb shown in FIGURES 14 and
15, showing the latched intermediate tooth of the ?exible
comb ?tted through the loop of the latching socket, the
section being taken on the line 16——I6, FIGURE 14.
It will be understood that the following description
of the construction and the method of ?tting, latching,
operation and utilization of the ?exible comb with in
tegral latch, is intended as explantory of the invention
and not restrictive thereof.
In the drawings, the same reference numerals designate
FIGURE 7 is an enlarged cross-section through the
substantially vertical legs of the right-hand end teeth of
the same parts through the various views, except where
otherwise indicated.
socket of the com-b and the extenedd vertical leg of the
fabricated of a plastic material, comprises a plurality of
intermediate teeth, 15, 15a with an end tooth 16, 17
One embodiment of the ?exible comb shown in
the modi?ed ?exible comb, shown in FIGURE 6, show
ing the relation between the modi?ed looped latching 35 FIGURES 1, 2 and 3, which is molded or otherwise
end tooth, the section being taken on the line 7—7,
FIGURE 6.
located at each end of the comb.
The number of intermediate teeth I35, ‘15a, varies with
similar to FIGURES l and 3, of another modi?cation of 4-0 the overall length of the comb, which may range from
approximately two inches to eight or more inches, de
the ?exible comb shown in FIGURE 3, showing a latch
pending upon the purpose for which the comb is to be
ing extension socket projecting outward beyond the outer
used and the maximum circumference of the “pony
vertical leg of the right-hand end tooth of the comb.
tail” or other type of hair grouping, around which it
FIGURE 9 is an enlarged cross-section, similar to
FIGURE 7, through the vertical ‘legs of the right-hand — is to be wrapped. All of the intermediate teeth 15, 15a
are constructed in substantially the same manner re
end teeth of the modi?ed ?exible comb shown in
gardless of the overall length of the comb, ‘and the
FIGURE 8, and the latching extension socket forming
number of intermediate teeth incorporated therein.
a latching loop, similar to that shown in FIGURE 4, the
Each of the intermediate teeth comprises a pair of
section being taken on the line 9~—9, FIGURE 8.
substantially vertical legs 18, In, each of which is of
FIGURE 10 is an enlarged right-hand side elevational
substantially circular or oval cross~section, the lower
View, similar to FIGURE 3, of the modi?ed ?exible
. FIGURE 8 is an enlarged front elevational view,
end of each pair of legs being merged into a tapered
comb shown in FIGURE 8, showing the relation between
tip 21, 21a, of substantially triangular cross-section in
the modi?ed latching extension socket and the_right
the plane shown in FIGURE 1, with a double ?llet of
hand end tooth of the comb.
FIGURE 11 is an enlarged plan view, similar to 55 tapered arcuate contour located at the junction between
the inner edge of each leg and the tip of the tooth, the
FIGURE 2, of the latching socket portion of the flexible,
extreme lower end of each of the tips being tapered in
com-b shown in FIGURES l and 3, showing the sub
the plane perpendicular to the plane of FIGURE 1, is
stantially vertical legs of one of the intermediate left
hand teeth of the ?exible comb shown in vFIGURES l
shown in FIGURE 5, so that the lower end is of sub
and 2, wrapped around the hair and ?tted through the 60 stantially frusto-conical form, the extreme lower end of
each tip being rounded in both planes into a substantially
loop of the latching socket shown in FIGURES 1, 3 and
spherical segmental tip section.
4, to retain the ?exible comb in the latched position.
The upper end of one vertical leg 19‘ of each inter
mediate tooth and the adjacent vertical leg 18a of the
adjoining intermediate tooth are joined by a substantially
U-shaped head section 22, 22a, the cross-section of each
U-shaped head section in the plane perpendicular to that
wrapped around an area to be gripped, in the manner
of the face of the comb being substantially circular, the
shown in FIGURE 2, with the substantially vertical legs
cross-section of each of the legs 18, 19‘ of the interme
of the left-hand end tooth ?tted through the latching
socket loop shown in FIGURES 1 and 3.
70 diate teeth and that of the U-shaped head section 22, 22::
being substantially uniform.
FIGURE 13 is an enlarged partial plan view and
The U-shaped head sections integral with pairs of legs
partial cross-section through the latching socket and the
18, 19 of adjoining intermediate teeth, provide a high
latching portion of the ?exible comb shown in FIGURE
degree of ?exibility, both in the plane of the comb shown
12, with the substantially vertical legs of one of the inter
in FIGURE 1, and in the plane perpendicular thereto, so
mediate teeth at the left-hand side of the comb, shown
FIGURE 12 represents an enlarged front elevational
view of the ?exible comb shown in FIGURE 1, in the
latching position, with one of the intermediate teeth,
located adjacent the left-hand end toot-h of the comb,
5
3,086,684
6
that each of the vertical legs 18, 19‘ of each tooth, may
wall, the side walls 36, 36a of the socket being integral
with the adjoining legs 19, 28 of the right-hand end tooth
17 and the adjacent intermediate tooth 15a, respectively.
be ?exed independently, between the junction with the
U-shaped head section 22 and the junction with the tip
21 of the tooth, the head sections and the tips being in
tegral with alternate teeth, except for the end teeth 16,
17, the detailed construction of which is hereinafter de
scribed in greater detail.
The high degree of ?exibility of the teeth and head sec
The height of the socket walls 35, 36 shown in FIG
URES 3 and 4, is made large enough to provide a posi
tive grip on the legs of the tooth inserted therethrough.
The upper edge 37 of the socket walls is located below
the ?llet connecting the head section 32 of the right
tions enables the comb to be wrapped around a “pony
hand end tooth, and one of the intermediate teeth 15a,
tail” or another cluster of hair into a loop of substantially 10 with the legs of the corresponding comb tooth, so that
circular, oval or other suitable cross-sectional contour, a
the selected tooth can be inserted through the latch
portion of which is shown in the plan View, FIGURE 2.
socket to its full depth, as shown in FIGURE 13. In
The left-hand end tooth 16 of the comb is formed of
the construction shown in FIGURES 1 and 3, the lower
a pair of substantially vertical legs 24, 25, and the lower
edge of the socket walls is located slightly above the
ends of which are merged into a tapered integral tip 26, 15 ledge at the upper end of the inner leg 29‘ of the right~
the form and cross-sectional contour of which, both in
hand end tooth 17, to avoid any interference in molding
the plane of FIGURE 1, and in the plane perpendicular
the socket of the comb, the height of the walls of the
thereto, is substantially the same as that of the interme
socket may however be increased or decreased, the posi
diate teeth 15, 150 shown in FIGURES 1 and 3.
tion of the ledge 36, relative to the bottom of the
In order to provide a higher degree of rigidity of the 20 socket, being correspondingly varied, so that the rela
end tooth 116, 17 of the comb, a relatively continuous
tive arrangement is substantially the same as that shown
head section 27, in the form of two integral and con
in FIGURES l and 3.
'
nected partial outer curves connect the two vertical legs
The walls of the socket 31 form a clear latching slot
24, 25 of the left-hand end tooth and the adjacent ver
38 substantially rectangular cross-section, with ?llets at
tical leg 18 of the ?rst intermediate tooth 15, as shown
the junction between the side walls and the outer wall 35
in FIGURE 1.
thereof. The length of the ‘rectangular latching slot 38
Thus, while the left-hand end tooth 16 is more rigid
is substantially equal to, or somewhat greater than the
than the intermediate teeth 15, 15a, the left-hand leg
overall distance across the legs 24, 25 of the left-hand
18 of the ?rst intermediate tooth 15 may be ?exed at both
end tooth 16, or one of the intermediate teeth 15, 15a,
ends thereof, in substantially the same manner as those 30 the width of the slot 38 being slightly greater than the
of the other intermediate teeth 15, 15a, as shown in
thickness of the legs 24, 25 of the left—hand end tooth
FIGURES 1 and 3.
16 or of the intermediate teeth of the comb, thus enabling
In the comb embodiment shown in FIGURES 1 and 3,
one of the intermediate teeth 15, 15a, or the left-hand
the construction of the right-hand end tooth 17 differs
end tooth 16 of the comb to be inserted through the slot
markedly from that of the left-hand end tooth 16‘.
38 through the socket, into one of the latching posi
The outer leg 28, of the right-hand end tooth 17 of the
tions shown in FIGURES 2, 12 and 13.
comb con?guration shown in FIGURES 1 and 3, is sub
In the latching position shown in FIGURE 12, the
stantially the same as that of the left~hand end tooth 16,
except that the inner or left-hand leg 29 of the right
hand end tooth is considerably shorter than the outer
leg 28, which is integral with the adjacent leg 19 of the
adjoining intermediate tooth, the ledge being located a
considerable distance below the head of the comb to
allow a space for a latching socket 31, which is shown
in FIGURES 4 and 5, the detailed construction and pur
pose of the latching socket being hereinafter described
in greater detail. The ledge 30 is connected to the upper
end of the inner leg 29 of the right-hand end tooth by a
section of arcuate cross-section which is approximately
legs 24, 25 of the left-hand end tooth 16, or of one of
the intermediate teeth 15, 15a of the comb are ?tted
through the socket into the position shown in FIGURE
12, the head section 27 of the left-hand end leg, or the
U-shaped head sections connecting the legs of the ad
jacent pairs of intermediate teeth of the comb limiting
the movement of the tooth through the socket 31, so that
the tip of the tooth ?tted through the socket is in substan~
tial alignment with the tipsof the right-hand end and in
termediate teeth of the comb, as shown in FIGURE 12.
Due to the high degree of flexibility of the comb struc—
ture, the upper portion of the legs 18, 19 of the interme
one-half the U~shaped head section 22, connecting pairs 50 diate teeth are spread to some extent, thus providing a
of legs of adjoining intermediate teeth 15, 15a.
greater ‘width across the legs at the upper end thereof
The upper end of the right-hand leg 28 of the right
than at the junction of the legs with the tip of the tooth,
hand end tooth 17, and the right-hand leg 1% of the
so that in the latching relation shown in FIGURES 11
adjoining intermediate tooth 1511 are connected by a long
and 13, the legs 18, 19 of the tooth in the latching posi
cross-bar 32, which is similar to the head section 27 of 55 tion press outward against the side walls of the slot of
the left-hand end tooth, except that there is a long gap
the socket 31, thereby positively gripping the legs of th
between the legs 1% and 28 due to the short left-hand
tooth 'within the socket and preventing the accidental
leg 29 of the right-hand end tooth 17. The cross-sec
loosening thereof, when 'worn in or around the hair.
tional contour of the cross-bar 32 is substantially the
As either the left-hand end tooth 16, or one of the
same as that of the U-shaped head sections 22, 22a, and 60 intermediate teeth 15, 15a located near the left-hand end
that of the legs of the intermediate and end teeth.
tooth, may be ?tted through the socket to latch the comb
The lower end of the legs 28, 29 of the right-hand end
with equal facility, the perimeter, or circumference of the
tooth are blended into a tapered tip 33, which is sub
inner surface of the comb in the wrapping position shown
stantially the same as those of the intermediate teeth,
in FIGURE 2, may be adjusted to any required length
a ?llet 314- of dual arcuate contour and increasing width 65 to ?t any reasonable size of “pony tail,” or other group
from the lower end thereof, at the junction of the inner
ing of hair, thus enabling essentially the same type of
edges of the legs 28, 219 of the tooth, to an increased
comb to be used on a wide variety of applications, in a
width at the point at which each ?llet section blends with
wide range of sizes.
the inner edge of the adjacent legs 28, 2%‘, being formed at
‘FIGURES 6 and 7 show a modi?cation of the right
the junction between the inner edges of the legs and the 70 hand end tooth of the comb shown in FIGURES 1 and
tip 33.
3
The socket 31 shown in FIGURES 3, 4 and 5 comprises
an outer wall 35, which is substantially parallel to the
In this construction, the right-hand or outer leg 39‘ of
the end tooth 41), is substantially the same as that shown
plane of the legs 22$, 29 of the right-hand end tooth 17,
in FIGURE 3.
and a pair of side walls 36, 36a integral with the outer 75 The inner leg 41 of the right-hand end tooth of the
ace-seat
head section 50, which is substantially the same as that
comb is continued upward until it joins a continuous head
shown in ‘FIGURE 6, the head section extending across
section 42, which is integral with the legs 39 and 4-1 of
the legs 448, 49 of the right-hand end' tooth 47, and con
the end tooth, and also extends across the right-hand leg
tinuing across the right-hand leg 19a of the adjoining
19a of the intermediate tooth 15a adjoining it, thus stiffen
ing the end tooth 4t} and providing a more rigid support Cir intermediate tooth, in substantially the same manner as
that shown in FIGURE 7.
for the modi?ed type of socket 43 shown in FIGURES 6
While the right-hand end tooth 47 is somewhat stiffer
and 7.
than that shown in ‘FIGURES l and 3, the gap between
The lower end' of the legs 3%, ‘41 of the right-hand end
the adjoining legs 18a, 19a of the intermediate tooth 15a
tooth 40, are blended into a tapered tip, which is sub
stantially the same as that shown in FIGURE 3.
10 and the adjoining end tooth 4'7, enable the right-hand end
tooth to be ?exed to a great enough extent to allow the
While the right-hand end‘ tooth shown in FIGURE 6,
is stiffened to some extent over that shown in FIGURES
l and 3, the gap between the adjoining legs 18a, 19a of
the intermediate tooth 15a and of that of the adjacent
right~hand end tooth to enable the end tooth to be ?exed
to a great enough extent to facilitate the angular move
ment of the socket to some degree, to receive the left-hand
end tooth, or one of the intermediate teeth of the comb 1n
the latching position shown in FIGURES 2 and 11, even
though the ?exible com‘b may be distorted to some extent
in wrapping it aroundthe “pony tail” or other hair group
ing or cluster.
As shown in FIGURE 7, the size and contour of the
socket is substantially the same as that shown in FIG
URES l, 3 and 4. The socket is formed by an outer wall
35, the location of which, relative to the legs of the end
tooth, is substantially the same as that shown in FIGURES
3 and 4, the inner edges of the side walls 36b, 36a, which
are integralwith the outer wall of the socket, being located
in substantial alignment with the inner edges of the outer
leg of'the right-hand end tooth, and the right-hand leg 64},
of the intermediate tooth 21, located adjacent the right
hand' end tooth. The outer edges of the side walls of
the socket are blended into the adjacent legs of the teeth,
a ?llet being formed between the outer edge of each side
wall and the adjacent leg of the tooth, as shown in FIG
socket to be angularly displaced to some degree to receive
the left-hand end tooth, or one of the intermediate teeth
15, 15a, while it is moved into the latching position, shown
in FIGURE 14.
The lower end of the legs 48‘, 49 of the right-hand end
tooth are blended into a tapered tip in substantially the
same manner as that shown in FIGURE 7.
The socket, the size and contour of which is similar to
that shown in FIGURE 7, extends outward beyond the
right-hand leg 49 of the right-hand end tooth of the
?exible comb shown in FIGURES 8 and 9.
The outer wall 52 of the socket, which is parallel to
the axis of the legs of the right-hand end tooth, extends
outwardly beyond the right-hand leg 49 thereof. The
left-hand side wall 53, the interior edge of which is lo
cated in substantial alignment‘ with the outer edge of the
right-hand leg 49 of the right-hand end tooth, is integral
with the outer wall 52 of the socket and the leg 49 of
the right-hand end tooth. The right-hand side wall 54.
which is located a distance beyond the left-hand side wall
substantially equal to the length of the slot in the socket,
shown in FIGURE 9, is completely free of. the legs of the
right-hand end tooth 47.
The forward wall 55 of the socket, which is integral
with the forward edge of the side walls 54, 53 of the
URE 7, thus smoothly ‘blending the socket walls 36, 35
into the legs of the teeth.
socket, is substantially parallel to the outer or rear wall 52
the same as that shown in FIGURE 4.
the comb in a position substantially the same as that shown
in FIGURE 7.
thereof.
The edge of the forward wall of the socket,
which forms the forward edge of the slot through the
The length of the latching slot 38 in the socket shown
in FIGURE 7, is substantially the same as that shown in 40 socket, is located in substantial alignment with the rear
edge of the legs 48, 49 of the right-hand end tooth of
FIGURE 4, the width of the slot also ‘being substantially
The height of the socket walls shown in FIGURE 6,
is substantially the same as those shown in FIGURES l
The latching slot 56 through the socket, shown in
and 3, the upper edge of the socket walls ‘being located in
substantially the same position relative to the head section
FIGURE 9, is similar to that shown in FIGURE 7, ex—
cept that the ends 57 of the slot are of substantially semi
circular cross-sectional contour, the radius or" the semi—
of the comb, as that shown in FIGURE 3.
As the legs 28, 29 of the right-hand end tooth are con
circular ends being slightly greater than that of the legs
tinuous, from the head section to the tip of the tooth, the,
24, 25 of the left-hand end tooth, or or" any of the inter
mediate teeth which maybe ?tted thereto.
height of the socket ‘walls may be substantially the same
as that shown in FIGURE 3, as shown in FIGURE 7,
or the height of the socket‘ walls may ‘be increased to any
extent necessary to provide a greater gripping action
The overall length of the latching slot 56 is substantially
the construction of the legs of the right-hand end tooth :
the same as that shown in FIGURE 7, the width of the
slot also being substantially the same as that shown in
FIGURE 7, to enable the slot to receive and retain the
legs of the left~hand end tooth I6, or of one of the inter
in any manner.
mediate teeth 15 of the comb, in the latching position,
against the legs of the tooth ?tted thereto, without altering
substantially as shown in FIGURES l4 and 15.
The location of the upper edge of the walls of the
shown in FIGURE 11, which is substantially the same as
socket, relative to the top of the head section 50 of the
that shown in FIGURES 12 and 13, the legs of the left
hand end tooth, or of any one of the intermediate teeth iii) comb, is substantially the same as that shown in FIG
URE 6, to enable one of the left-hand end or intermedi
located near the left-hand end tooth, are ?tted through
ate teeth to be inserted into the latching position shown
the socket to substantially the position shown in FIGURE
in FIGURE 14.
11. The tapered tip 26 at the lower end of the left-hand
The height of the latching socket walls shown in FIG
end tooth, or the mating tip at the lower end of one of
URE 8, while substantially the same as that shown in
the intermediate teeth 15, facilitates the insertion of the
In the latching position of the modi?ed type of comb,
tooth through the socket, thereby enabling the latching
tooth to be moved to the latching position shown in FIG
URE 11, even though the teeth of the comb are not visi
ble to the wearer at the time of latching.
FIGURES 3 and 6, may be increased to any extent neces
sary in order to obtain a ?rmer grip on one of the teeth
latched ‘therein without affecting the right-hand end tooth
in any manner, as the socket extends entirely beyond the
47 construction, shown in FIGURE 8, the legs 48, 49
right-hand edge of the right-hand end tooth 4-7.
In the latching position of the comb shown in FIGURE
of the right-hand end tooth are substantially the same
as those shown in FIGURES 6 and 7, the legs extending
over substantially the entire height of the comb.
8, as shown in FIGURE 14, the legs of one of the inter
mediate teeth 15, located near the left-hand end tooth,
are ?tted through the slot 56 of the socket in substantially
In another modi?cation of the right-hand end tooth
The legs extend upward and join a continuous integral 75 the same manner as that shown in FIGURES 12 and 13.
3,066,684
9
The downward movement of the latching legs 18, 19 of
the tooth is limited by the position of the head section 27
of the left-hand end tooth, or one of the adjacent inter
mediate teeth 15, 15a, which approaches, or engages the
upper edge of the walls of the socket, thereby limiting the
downward movement of the tooth in the latching position.
The tapered tip 21 at the lower end of the latching
tooth 15, is aligned with the tip 33a, integral with the
1%)
those shown in FIGURES 2, 11 and 12, would be un
affected.
Where the spacing between the offset section 5% of the
right-hand leg of the intermediate tooth, and the outer
leg 28 of the end tooth 17 is greater than that shown in
FIGURE 3, the portions of the side walls 36, 36a of the
socket, which connect to and are integral with the offset
leg section 59 and the outer leg 28 respectively, as shown
in FIGURE 4, would be angularly offset slightly to com
pensate for the increased leg spacing, the .rear portion of
the side walls 36 and 36a of the latching socket, which are
integral with the outer wall 35 thereof being spaced sub
bottom of the right-hand end tooth 47, as shown in FIG
URE 16.
As the slot 56 through the socket is completely clear of
the outer edge of the right-hand end tooth 47, the left
hand end tooth 16, or one of the intermediate teeth 15,
stantially the same as those shown in FIGURE 4, this
15a may be inserted into the latching position shown in
portion of the side walls being substantially perpendicular
FIGURE 14, even though there may be considerable 15 to the outer wall 35 of the socket in the same manner as
variation between the angular position of the latching
those shown in FIGURE 4.
tooth and the slot 56 through the socket, when the latch
The end head section 62 which is integral with, and
ing movement is started, the latching tooth being man
connects the offset upper section 59 of the leg of the in
ually moved into the relative position shown in FIGURES
termediate tooth with the outer leg of the end tooth
14 and 16. The extending socket enables the wearer to 20 would be substantially the same as that shown in FIG
insert the latching tooth into the slot 56 through the
URE 3, assuming the same relation between the socket
socket even though the comb cannot be seen by the
side walls 36, 36a, and the offset section 59 of the right
wearer at the time of latching.
hand leg of the intermediate tooth and the outer leg of
Instead of both legs of the intermediate tooth, located
the end tooth 17, as that shown in FIGURE 4.
adjacent the right-hand end tooth being straight and 25 As the length of the slot 33 through the socket would
parallel over their entire height, as shown in FIGURES
remain substantially the same as that shown in FIGURE
1 and 3, the upper portion of the right-hand leg 19a,
4, unless the overall distance across the legs 18, 19 of
located adjacent the inner leg 29 of the end tooth, may
the intermediate tooth were altered, the socket 31 includ
be offset slightly leftward, from the ledge 30 connecting
ing the outer wall 35 and the side walls 36, 36a thereof
the legs of the intermediate tooth with the inner leg 29 30 would remain substantially as shown in FIGURE 4.
of the end tooth to the head section connecting the offset
In the assembled position, which would be substan
leg of the intermediate tooth, with the outer leg 28 of the
tially the same as that shown in FIGURES 2 and 11,
end tooth. The offset section 59 of the right-hand leg of
the legs 24, 25 of the left-hand end tooth or the legs 18,
the intermediate tooth would be substantially parallel to
19 of an intermediate tooth, would be ?tted through the
the mating leg 18, and to the lower section 66 of the 35 slot through the socket in substantially the same relative
right-hand leg, relative to which it is offset, the lower
positions as those shown in FIGURES 12 and 13, the
section being in substantially the same position as the
length of the slot being substantially the same as that
leg 19a, shown in FIGURES 1 and 3.
shown in FIGURE 4, so that the side walls 36, 36a of
~ The offset section 59 of the leg, the lower section
the socket, or at least the parallel portion thereof located
thereof, and the ledge 30a connecting the lower section
adjacent the outer wall, would grip the legs of a tooth
60 of the right-hand leg with the inner leg 29 of the end
inserted therethrough in the same manner as those shown
tooth would be connected by a connecting section of ar
in FIGURES 2,11,12 and 13.
cuate contour, a ?llet 61 being formed between the lower
The left-hand end tooth 16 and the intermediate teeth
section of the leg and the arcuate connecting section, and
15, 15a of the comb shown in FIGURES 6 and 8, are
another ?llet between the ledge 30a and the offset upper 45 substantially the same as those shown in FIGURES 1
section 59. The thickness of the connecting section in
and 3, the only change being in the right-hand end tooth
a plane perpendicular to the plane of the comb would be
and the socket integral therewith.
substantially the same as that of the legs 18 and 29 re
The comb in the latched position shown schematically
spectively.
in FIGURE 15, while shown substantially straight, is
The gap between the left-hand leg of the intermediate 50 actually located in an arcuate position substantially the
tooth and the offset upper section 59 of the mating leg
same as those shown in FIGURES 2 and 11, as the comb
would be reduced by the extent of the offset.
teeth and the head sections thereof are wrapped around
Where the offset section 59 of the leg is offset far
a “pony tail” or cluster of hair of oval or other suitable
enough leftward, so that it abuts the left-hand leg 18 of
contour, in substantially the relation shown in FIGURE
the intermediate tooth, a composite tooth section of par 55 2, before the latching tooth of the comb is inserted into
allel-faced cross-section with semi-circular ends would
the latching position shown in FIGURE 15.
The socket while shown at the right-hand side of the
be formed, the width of the composite section being ap
comb, may be moved to the left-hand side thereof with
proximately double the diameter of one leg of a tooth,
equal facility, the construction of each of the sockets
and the thickness thereof substantially the same as the
diameter of a tooth leg.
60 31, 43, shown in FIGURES 3, 6 and 8, and their rela
tion to the corresponding end teeth being substantially
The lower section 60 of the right-hand tooth, which
the same as that shown in FIGURES 1, 3 and 6.
remains in substantially the position shown in FIGURES
The cross-sectional contour of the legs of each of the
1 and 3, and the mating leg 18 of the intermediate tooth
teeth may be circular, as shown in FIGURES 3 and 4,
are blended into a tapered tip 21, in the same manner
65 or of oval, or regular polygonal cross-sectional contour,
as those shown in FIGURES l and 3.
in substantially the same manner as those shown in FIG~
While the left-hand side Wall 36 of the socket would
URE 3, the cross-section of the slot through the socket
be moved slightly leftward in conformity with the offset
being varied to conform to the cross-section of the legs
position of the upper section of the leg, the spacing be
of the teeth.
tween the side walls 36, 36a of the latching socket would 0 The cross-sectional contour of the head sections of the
remain substantially the same as those shown in FIG
comb may be of U-shaped substantially semi~circular
URES 3 and 4, as the overall width across the legs 24,
form, as shown in FIGURES 1 and 3, or head sections
25 of the left-hand end leg, or across the legs 18, 19 of
of any other suitable cross-section may be substituted
the intermediate tooth 15, which is ?tted to the slot
therefor.
through the socket, in substantially the same manner as 75
The comb may be made of any suitable length, with
3,066,684
1 l1
any desired number of intermediate teeth. 15, 15a lo
cated between the end teeth 16, 17.
The form and contour of the ?exible U-shaped head sec
tions, connecting adjoining tooth legs, may be as shown
32
tooth adjacent thewinner leg of the end‘ tooth, the‘ latching
socket. consisting of an, outer wall located substantially
parallel to the plane of the comb and spacedly- located.
relative to the legs of the adjacent comb teeth, and a pair
of side walls integral with the extremities of the outer
wall and substantially perpendicular to the outer wall,
the side walls being integral with the legs of the comb
respectively located adjacent the side walls.
3. A ?exible comb of a plastic material, comprising a‘
in FIGURES l, 3, 6 and 8.
The comb may be molded of any suitable plastic ma 10 plurality of intermediate teeth, each of said intermediate.
in FIGURES 1, 3, 6 and 8, or the cross-sectional contour
may be varied to any other desired cross-section pro
vided the legs of the intermediate teeth are allowed to
?ex in substantially the same manner as those shown
teeth consisting of a pair of substantially parallel. legs,
terial, such as nylon, where such. a material has the de
blending at their lower endinto an integral. tapered tip,
sired strength and elasticity and may be ?exed in sub
with a head section of arcuate contour in the plane of?
stantially the manner shown in' FIGURES. 2 and 1,1, as‘
the comb integralv with and connecting one end of each
hereinbefore described.
It will be apparent to, those skilled in the art that the 15 of a pair of adjacent legs of adjoining intermediate teeth,
the legs of the intermediate. teeth connected by the head.
present invention is not limited to the speci?c details
sections alternatingv with these blended into the tapered
described above and shown in the drawings, and that
tips, one end of said comb havingv an integral end tooth
various modi?cations are possible in carrying out the fea
consisting of a pair of substantially parallel legs, in
tures of the invention and the insertion, latching, and the
cluding an inner. and an outer leg, the lower end of said
method‘ of utilization thereof, without departing from
inner and outer legs being blended into a substantially
the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
tapered tip, a ledge integral with the extremity of the inner
What is claimed is:
leg located near the upper end'. of. the comb, said ledge:
1. A ?exible comb of a plastic material, comprising a
being integral with and connecting the inner leg of. the
plurality of intermediate teeth, each of, said intermediate
teeth consisting of a pair of substantially parallel legs, 25 end tooth to the leg'oftheintermediate tooth located ade
jacent the end tooth, the section of the leg of. the inter
blending at their lower end into an integral tapered tip,
mediate, tooth. located above the ledge and integral with
with a head section. of arcuate contour in the plane
said ledge,>being offset relativev to the lower section there
of the comb integral with andconnecting one end of each
of, the o?set. section of the leg being’ substantially paral
of a pair of adjacent legs of. adjoining intermediate teeth,
the legs of the intermediate teeth connected by the head 30v lel to the lower section of the leg of the intermediate
tooth, withwhich it is integral, the upper end of the outer
sections alternating with these blended into the tapered
leg of the end. tooth and the o?set section‘ of the leg
tips, one end of said comb having an integral end tooth‘
of the intermediate tooth located near the end tooth,
consisting of a pair of substantially parallel legs, in
having an end‘ head section integral therewith, the end
cluding an inner and an outer leg, the lower end of said
inner and outer legs being blended into a substantially 35 head section straddling the inner leg of the end- tooth, the
inner leg of the end tooth being shorter than the outer
tapered tip, the upper end of the outer leg of the end tooth,
leg thereof, a gap‘ being formed between the extremity
and the leg of the intermediate tooth, adjoining the inner
of the inner leg and the adjacent end‘ head‘ section of the
leg of the end tooth, having an end head section integral
comb, and? a latching socket located substantially parallel
therewith, the end head section straddling the inner leg
of the end tooth, and a latching socket locatedv substan 40 to the plane of the comb, near‘ the end head section,‘ the
latching» socket being integral. with two legs of the comb
tially parallel to the plane of the comb, near the end
teeth, the latching socket consisting of an outer wall sub
head section, the latching socket being integral with two
stantially parallel tothe plane of the-comb, and spacedly
legs of the comb teeth, the inner leg of the end tooth being
located relative to the legs of the comb teeth, the legs
shorter than the outer leg thereof, a ledge‘ integral with,
of the end tooth being located adjacent the latching socket,
the end of the inner leg located near the end head sec
and a pair of side walls integral with the extremities
tion, said ledge being integral with and connecting the
of the outer wall‘ and substantially perpendicular to the
inner leg of the end tooth with the leg of the intermediate
outer wall, the latching socket comprising a slot formed
tooth adjacent the inner leg of the end tooth.
by the outer wall, the pair of side walls, and the end head
2. A ?exible comb of a plastic material, comprising a
plurality of intermediate teeth, each of. said intermediate 50 section connecting the two legs of the‘ comb teeth with
which the side walls of the socket are integral, said latch
teeth consisting of a pair of substantially parallel legs,
ing socket being adapted to receive the legs of one of the
blending at their lower end into an integral tapered tip,
teeth of the comb, the inner surfaces of the side walls
with a head section of arcuate contour in, the plane
of the latching. socket being adapted to frictionally re
of the comb integral with and connecting one end of each
tain the legsv of a comb tooth inserted through the slot.
of a pair of adjacent legs of adjoining intermediate teeth,
4. A ?exible comb of a plastic material, comprising a
the legs of the intermediate teeth connected by the head
plurality of intermediate teeth, each of said intermediate
sections alternating with these blended into the tapered
teeth consisting of a pair. of substantially parallel legs,
tips, one end of said comb having an integral end tooth
blending at their lower end into an integral tapered tip,
consisting of a pair of substantially parallel legs, in
cluding an inner and an outer leg, the lower end of said
inner and outer legs being blended into a substantially
tapered tip, the upper end of the outer leg of the end
with a head section of arcuate contour in the plane of
the- comb integral with and connecting. one end of each‘
of a pair of adjacent legs of adjoining intermediate teeth,
the legs of the intermediate teeth connected by the head
tooth, and the leg of the intermediate tooth, adjoin
sections alternating with these blended into the tapered
ing the inner leg of the end tooth, having and end head
section integral therewith, the end head section straddling 65 tips, one end of said‘ comb having an integral end tooth
consisting of a pair of substantially parallel legs, in-v
the inner leg of the end tooth, and a latching socket lo
cluding an inner and an outer leg, the lower end of said
cated substantially parallel to the plane of the comb, near
inner' and outer legs being blended into a substantially
the end head section, the latching socket being integral
tapered tip, the inner leg of the end tooth being shorter
with two legs of the comb teeth, the inner leg of the end
tooth being shorter than the outer leg thereof, a gap 70 than the outer leg thereof, a ledge integral with the end.
of the inner leg, located- near the upper end of the comb,
being formed between the extremity of the inner leg and
said ledge being integral with and. connecting the
the adjacent end head section of the comb, a ledge integral
inner leg of the end tooth with the leg of the inter‘
with the extremity of the inner leg near the end head
mediate. tooth located near the end. tooth, the section
section, said ledge being integral with and connecting the
inner leg of the end tooth to the leg of the intermediate 75 of the leg of the intermediate tooth located above
13
3,066,684
the ledge and integral with said ledge, being offset rela
tive to the lower section thereof, the offset sec
tion of the leg being substantially parallel to the
lower section of the leg of the intermediate tooth, with
which it is integral, the upper end of the outer leg of
the end tooth and the offset section of the intermediate
tooth located near the end tooth having an end head
section integral therewith, and a latching socket substan
tially parallel to the plane of the comb, near the end head
section, the latching socket being integral with the two legs
of the comb teeth, the latching socket consisting of an
outer wall substantially parallel to the plane of the comb,
and spacedly located relative to the legs of the adjacent
M.
a latching socket located substantially parallel to the
plane of the comb, near the end head section, the latch
ing socket being integral with the outer leg of the end
tooth, and the offset section of the leg of the intermediate
tooth adjoining the end tooth.
6. A flexible comb of a plastic material, comprising a
plurality of intermediate teeth, each of said intermediate
teeth consisting of a pair of substantially parallel legs,
blending at their lower end into an integral tapered tip,
with head section of arcuate contour in the plane of the
comb integral with and connecting one end of each of
a pair of adjacent legs of adjoining intermediate teeth,
the legs of the intermediate teeth, connected by the head
section, alternating with these blended into the tapered
comb teeth, and a pair of side walls integral with the ex
tremities of the outer Wall and substantially perpendicular 15 tips, one end ‘of said comb having an integral end tooth
to the outer wall, the side walls being integral with and
consisting of a pair of substantially parallel legs, includ
blending into the legs of the comb teeth respectively lo
ing an inner and an outer leg, the lower end of said
cated adjacent the side walls.
inner and outer legs being blended into a substantially
5. A ?exible comb of a plastic material, comprising a
tapered up, a ledge integral with the extremity of the
plurality of intermediate teeth, each of said intermediate
inner leg located near the upper end of the comb, said
teeth consisting of a pair of substantially parallel legs,
blending at their lower end into an integral tapered tip,
with a head section of arcuate contour in the plane of
the comb integral with and connecting one end of each
of a pair of adjacent legs of adjoining intermediate teeth,
the legs of the intermediate teeth connected by the head
sections alternating with these blended into the tapered
tips, one end of said comb having an integral end tooth
consisting of a pair of substantially parallel legs, including
an inner and an outer leg, the lower end of said inner
and outer legs being blended into a substantially tapered
tip, the inner leg of the end tooth being shorter than the
outer leg thereof, a ledge integral with the end of the inner
leg located near the upper end of the comb, said ledge
being integral with and connecting the inner leg of the end
tooth with the leg of the intermediate tooth located ad
jacent the inner leg of the end tooth, the section of the
leg of the intermediate tooth located above the ledge and
integral with said ledge, being offset relative to the lower
section of the leg of the intermediate tooth, the offset 40
section being substantially parallel to the lower section
thereof, with which it is integral, the upper end of the
outer leg of the end tooth and the o?set section of the
leg of the intermediate tooth, located near the end tooth,
having an end head section integral therewith, the end 45
head section straddling the inner leg of the end tooth, and
ledge being integral with and connecting the inner leg
of the end tooth to one leg of one of the intermediate teeth
located near the end tooth, the upper end of the outer
leg of the end tooth, and one leg of one of the intermedi
ate teeth, having an end head section integral therewith,
the inner leg of the end tooth being shorter than the outer
leg thereof, a gap being formed between the extremity
of the inner leg and the adjacent end head section of
the comb, and a latching socket located substantially
parallel to the plane of the comb, near the end head sec
tion, the latching socket consisting of an outer wall lo
cated substantially parallel to the plane of the comb and
spacedly located relative to the legs of the adjacent comb
teeth, and a pair of side walls integral with the extremities
of the outer wall, the side walls being integral with the
outer leg of the end tooth and one leg of one of the inter
mediate teeth.
Referenees Cited in the tile of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
D. 185,200
2,378,872
2,595,564
2,617,413
2,669,239
Goodman ____________ __ May 19, 1959
Stone ______________ __ June 19‘, 1945
Budd ________________ __ May 6, 1952
Belknap _____________ __ Nov, 11, 1952
Smith ______________ __ Feb. 16, 1954
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
1 534 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа