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Патент USA US3067763

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DeC- 11, 1952
Filed July 17. 1958
" "i
United States Patent O »
Patented Dec. 11, 1962
bacco are offensive to many cigar smokers. Moreover,
the application of a protective material to the head of a
cigar is a difficult thing to accomplish and cannot be
Theodore Kaufmann, Lawrence, N.Y., assigner to Gen
eral Cigar Co., Inc., New York, N.Y., a corporation
readily adapted to the present commercial technique of
mass production of cigars. For example, in ordinary
of New York
Filed .Iuly 17, 1958, Ser. No. 749,210
1 Claim. (Cl. 1211-11)
cigar-making machines the wrapper is rolled on the bunch
from above by means of a wrapper transfer arm which
has a complicated motion and accomplishes the step of
rolling the broad portion of the wrapper on the body
This invention relates to a cigar having an improved
reinforced head and the method of manufacturing the. 10 of the bunch by -means of one type of helix and the ñag
As is well known in the art, cigars manufactured accord
ing to modern techniques are composed of short or long
cut ñller tobacco, rolled in an inner “binder” to form a
“bunch” which in turn is rolled in an external “Wrapper”
to form the finished cigar. While both the binder and
wrapper have long been cut directly from leaf tobacco,
the newer practice is to use as the binder tobacco in sheet
form prepared from ñnely divided tobacco and an ad
hesive or film-forming agent.
A long standing problem of cigar manufacturers is
the frequent disintegration of the head of the cigar while
portion of the wrapper on the head of the bunch with a
tighter helix, ire., a helix having a smaller and decreasing
pitch. Since the external protective material cannot be
applied with the wrapper in the existing cigar-making
machines, it would be necessary to apply the protective
material by a separate procedure which would obviously
increase the cost of cigar manufacture.
It is an object of this invention to provide a simple
and eifective method of reinforcing the head of a cigar.
A further object is to provide a cigar having a reinforced
head which is filled with filler tobacco and has a tobacco
wrapper on its outside as in conventional cigars, so that
no aromatic components of the smoke are filtered out and
it is being smoked due to the damage caused to the
the mouth of the smoker comes in contact with tobacco
wrapper and binder as a result of excessive chewing and
other manipulation of the cigar head in the smoker’s 25 rather than any foreign material.
These objects are achieved with commonly available
mouth. The taste, feel and sight of a disintegrated or
cigar-making machines by rolling the iiller tobacco in a
partially disintegrated head of a cigar lead to an unfavor
able attitude by many people toward cigar smoking.
Thus, this problem reduces cigar sales.
` Various proposals have been made for minimizing or
eliminating the problem of head disintegration in the
smoking of cigars. For example, one proposal involves
the use of a mouthpiece composed of a foreign material
at the head of the cigar either exposed or covered by the
wrapper. There are several disadvantages connected
binder laid on the surface of a rolling apron of such a
machine together with an insert strip of a reinforcing
sheet, most of one face of the strip being in contact
with a face of the binder. While the binder is placed
on the rolling apron in the usual position so that it may
be helically rolled around the filler tobacco to form the
bunch, the insert strip, which in most cases is rectangu
lar, is placed below the binder on the rolling apron so that
it lies across the head end of the binder with the larger
with this scheme. -From the smoker’s point of view, the
dimension of the strip extending substantially parallel to
foreign material of the mouthpiece which usually ex
the direction of rolling. The larger dimension of the
tends through most of the cross-section of the cigar acts
insert strip is at least 0.5 inch longer than the circum
to absorb many of the aromatic components of the cigar
smoke thereby detracting from the smoking quality of 40 ference of the bunch so that the ends of the strip overlap
one another at least 0.5 inch. When the filler tobacco is
the cigar. In addition, the cigar tends to break be
rolled in the binder, the insert strip is simultaneously
tween the inner border of the mouthpiece and the rest
wound spirally (not helically) at the head end of the re
of the cigar While it is being smoked due to the tension
sultant bunch. Since the reinforcing strip is longer than
exerted against the Wrapper and binder as the cigar is
being manipulated in the smoker’s mouth. A disadvan 45 the circumference of the bunch and this strip is rolled
around theíiller tobacco while the major portion of one
tage in the use of a mouthpiece from the manufacturer’s
face of the strip is in contact with a face of the binder,
point of view is connected with the fact that the cigar
at least a minor portion of the other face of the strip is
bunch is prepared -by helically rolling a binder around a
in contact with the other face of the binder. In other
certain amount of filler tobacco and the existing complex
words, one end of the insert strip is interleaved with the
machines for making cigars cannot 'be operated to in
rolled up binder and, therefore, the strip is held in place
clude a mouthpiece within the bunch. It would also be
in the bunch by the binder.
diílicult to change the current mass production technique
The insert strip of the finished cigar will be inside the
of rolling a wrapper around the bunch to come out with
a cigar in which the bunch and mouthpiece are sep
arately enclosed within the wrapper.
Another common proposal for preventing the disin
tegration of the head of a cigar while it is being smoked
is to wrap or coat the outside of the cigar head with pro
tective material, eg., cellulose nitrate or acetate, regener
ated cellulose, paper, cork, etc. While such an external
shield may be effective in preventing disintegration of
the cigar head in a smoker’s mouth, the feel and taste
(including lack of taste) of a material other than to~
wrapper so that the cigar has the usual appearance and
55 only tobacco comes into contact with a smoker’s mouth.
In addition, as is obvious from the construction of a
cigar made according to this invention, -th-e path of the
smoke from the lighted tuck end, through the cigar to
the smoker’s mouth,’is substantially the same as in a
conventional cigar so that while the head of the cigar is
strengthened considerably against disintegration, there is
still no filtering out of any of the aromatic components
of the smoke.
In view of the fact that the insert strip is wound around
the filler tobacco integrally with the binder in preparing
the bunch which is then further enclosed in the wrapper,
it is obvious that the reinforced head of a cigar manu
factured according to this invention is strong and secure.
When the insert strip is placed on the rolling apron under
lthe binder, it is advisable to use a dab of innocuous ad
hesive on the face of the strip which is to be con
The selection of the reinforcing sheet is based on such
factors as thickness, flexibility and strength both when
dry and when moistened by chewing in the smoker’s
mouth. Suitable reinforcing sheets are generally not
more than 0.005 inch, preferably not more than 0.003
inch, in thickness; »the flexibility of such sheets should be
sufficient to permit the insert strip to be readily spiralled
4at the head end of the bunch without causing objection
able bulging or distortion of that end of the bunch. Also,
the insert strip should have enough flexibility that a
smoker who `chews the head of a cigar while smoking
will not notice any unusual hardness in the reinforced
tiguous with the binder and at the end of the strip which
will be the inner end of the spiralled strip in the bunch.
This is done not for the purpose of keeping the insert
strip in place in the finished cigar or even in the bunch
but to ensure that the end of the strip which is rolled up
ñrst will follow the binder during the rolling operation.
To further deñne the invention, reference will now be
In addition, when the insert strip is below the binder on 15 made to:
the rolling apron, la dab of paste is also 'applied to the
FIGURE 1 which shows the positions of the binder
upper face and at the opposite end of the strip to hold
and insert strip on the rolling apron with the insert strip
down the outer end of the spiralled strip in the bunch.
placed under the binder, and
In addition to the inherent advantages in the finished
FIGURE 2 which illustrates, in a side view partly in
cigar, the reinforcement of a cigar head according to this 20 section, -a cigar constructed according to the invention,
invention may be carried out much more easily than
other methods of reinforcement. This can be best ap
FIGURE 3 -is a sectional View taken lalong the line
preciated when the conventional means of mass producing
3_3 of FIGURE 2.
cigars is considered. in preparing the bunch, the binder
FIGURE 1 shows the portion of rolling apron 10 of
is placed horizontally on the rolling apron and is held 25 a cigar-making machine which has a multiplicity of perfo
flush against the apron by a partial vacuum applied
through small openings or perforations in the apron from
a chamber beneath it. The binder is cut in a shape
adapted to be formed into a tubular element by a rela
rations 11 for holding down in a smooth condition binder
12 laid thereon. The insert strip 13 is deposited on apron
10 before binder 12. Strip 13 may be cut from a roll of
a reinforcing sheet and placed on apron 10 by a dispens
tively sirnple rolling action executed by the rolling apron. 30 ing mechanism o-f the type shown in pending U.S. applica
To obtain the advantages of this invention, it is merely
tion Serial No. 303,210, while binder 121 may be cut from a
necessary that the insert strip be placed on the rolling
apron below the binder with its larger dimension sub
stantially parallel to the direction of roll and near the
roll of a tobacco sheet and laid on apron 10 over strip
13 by a dispensing mechanism of the type shown in Belgian
Patent 547,564. The direction of rolling followed by
head end of the binder so that when the filler tobacco is 35 apron 10 in executing the rolling of the cigar bunch is
dispensed and the bunch rolled the insert strip will be
indicated by ‘arrow 14. It will be noted that the longer
integrally rolled with the binder. 'Ihis is easily carried out
dimension of strip 13 is essentially parallel to the direc
in the mass production of cigars by means of an ap
tion of rolling. After a charge of filler tobacco has been
plicator mechanism which cuts an insert strip of the de
rolled up in binder 12 to form the bunch, the bunch
sired size from a roll of the reinforcing sheet and places 40 goes to a crirnper which shapes the ends of the bunch
it in the desired position on the rolling apron relative
and cuts off the marginal portions of binder 12‘ at the
to the binder before the bunch is rolled. This is con
bunch ends. Dotted lines 15 and 16 indicate the lines
siderably simpler than manufacturing cigars with separate
along which »the marginal portions of binder 12 are
mouthpieces which involves an entirely distinct operation,
cut oiî yat the crimper. It will be noted that strip 13 is
or applying reinforcing strip either with or after the roll 45 generally positioned on apron 10` so that edge 17 there
ing of the wrapper. It would be diñicult to apply a
of is ya small fraction of an inch, say 1/16 to Ms inch,
reinforcing strip with the wrapper in view of the
away from crimper cutting line 15 of binder 12. By so
fact that the wrapper is rolled on the bunch from
positioning strip 13 relative to crimper cutting line 15
above by means of a complicated motion of the wrapper
of binder 12, there is no possibility of disturbing the
transfer arm which provides for the broad part of the 50 spiralled strip 13 in the cigar bunch while the ends are
wrapper to be wound around the bunch in one type of
being trimmed in the crimper. To ensure that leading
helix and the ñag portion of the wrapper to be wound
end 18 of strip 13 will follow binder 12 while it is
around the head of the bunch with a tighter helix,
being rolled up by apron 10, it is yadvisable to place a dab
i.e., one having a smaller and even diminishing pitch.
of paste or adhesive 19 between binder 12 and end 18
The insert strip may be cut from «any of various types 55 of strip 13. Similarly, it is advisable to apply a line of
of reinforcing sheets suitable for the desired purpose, e.g.,
paste Z0 along the trailing end 21 of strip 13 4so that
tobacco sheets, paper, cork, regenerated cellulose, plastic
end 21 is sealed to the completed bunch and unravelling
films, etc. While the insert strip is lof a width that it
of strip 13 before the wrapper is wound around the bunch
rarely covers more than 1.5 inches of cigar length at
is prevented.
its head, `smokers occasionally smoke cigars down to 60
FIGURES 2 and 3 schematically show a cigar made
very short stumps with the result that the burning zone
as just described with reference to FIGURE 1. Filler
of the cigar reaches the insert strip. For this reason, it
tobacco 30 is enclosed in helically rolled binder 12 to
is preferred to use a strip of a strong tobacco sheet which
a bunch with a narrow strip 13 of a reinforcing
on burning will not yield an obnoxious smoke odor and
taste. Such a tobacco sheet may be made in accordance 65 sheet spirally wound in the head end only of the bunch
and exteriorly encircling binder 12 to provide a protec
with the teachings of U.S. Patent 2,797,689, granted Iuly
tive cover therefor. The bunch including strip 13 is
2, 19‘57 to W. G. Frankenburg.
entirely enclosed by wrapper 31 which is separately and
The reinforced head of this invention may be applied to
helically rolled on the bunch.
any type of cigar which has the three basic parts type of
cigar which has the three basic parts of filler, binder and 70 Various sizes and shapes of binder and insert strips are
wrapper. However, it is particularly advantageous when
possible. The ends of the spiralled insert strip should be
the binder is cut from a tobacco sheet prepared from finely
divided tobacco and a water-soluble adhesive, e.g., methyl
cellulose as disclosed in U.S. Patent 2,592,553, granted
overlapped at least 0.5 inch but there is little or no justi
fication for using such a length of strip that when spiralled
in the bunch there will be two or more full layers of the
April 15, 1952 to W. G. Frankenburg and P. W. Garbo. 75 reinforcing sheet in the cigar head.
What is claimed is:
In a cigar comprising a mass of ñller tobacco enclosed
in a helically rolled binder to form a bunch which in turn
is enclosed in a separately and helically rolled Wrapper,
said binder being a segment of a tobacco sheet made with 5
protective cover for said binder but being entirely en
closed by said Wrapper, and dabs of adhesive only on said
ends of said strip holding one of said ends attached to
said binder and sealing the other of said ends to said
`bunch to prevent unravelling of said strip.
a water-soluble adhesive, the improvement of a rein
forced head in said cigar comprising a substantially rec
tangular narrow strip of a ÍleXible reinforcing sheet hav
ing the greater part of one face thereof in Contact with the
outer face of said binder and the smaller part of the 10
other face thereof in contact with the inner face of said
binder, said strip being spirally wound in the head end
only of said bunch so that the ends of said strip overlap
and the complete spiral with less than two full layers of
said strip is an integral part of said head end of said bunch 15
on which said wrapper is separately and helically rolled,
Doetsch ____________ __ Aug. 25,
Feder _______________ __ Jan. 4,
Fanta ________________ __ Oct. 3,
Coughtry ____________ __ Dec. 4,
Butler ______________ __ Sept. 3,
Berrirnan ____________ __ Aug. 14,
Lim ________________ __ Mar. 19, 1935
said strip exteriorly encircling said binder to provide a
Straus ______________ __ Nov. 24, 1959
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
Sartoretto et al _________ __ Oct. 14, 1952
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