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Патент USA US3067796

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Dec. 11, 1962
s. ROSEN
3,067,786
FLUID HANDLING AND FILLING MACHINE _
Filed April 25, 1958
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
FIG. I
I52
I32
My,
26
26
'
13o
38
38
‘' SIDNEY ROSEN!
INVENTOR.
ATTORNEY
Dec. 11, 1962
s. ROSEN
3,067,786
FLUID HANDLING AND FILLING MACHINE
Filed April 23, 1958
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
FIG. 5
OPERATIONAL CYCLE
6 o’cLocK
TRI s I?
was?
6
5
m
TO RFQLAY
PUMP MOTOR
I22
[\\
l2
- 9'
6
'
\\\ \ \
\\\‘!
FLUID FLOW
TO
CONTAINERS
“ \\
\
‘
CONTAINER s'rop
s4
RELEASES
__r_
FULL CONTAINERS
MOVE OUT
SEPARATOR BAR’
78
'
.
-
INTERPOSES
I
,
Po's'ITIoNER 9a
\—v-/
EMPTY CONTAINERS
4
MOVE IN
-
- ADJUSTS CONTAINERS
m
SIDNEY ROSEN
INVENTOR.
ATTORNEY
Dec.-4l1, 1962 _ v
s. ROSEN
3,067,786
FLUID HANDLING AND FILLING MACHINE
Filed April 2-3, 1958
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
A
SIDNEY ROSEN
INVENTOR.
ATTORNEY
United States Patent O?ilce
3,067,786
Patented Dec. 11, 1962
2
1
nected to a power line 38. Armature power passes ?rst
3,067,786
‘
FLUID HANDLING AND FILLING MACHINE
Sidney Rosen, 2701 Rockwood Ave., Baltimore 15, Md.
Filed Apr. 23, 1958, Ser. No. 730,442
2 Claims. (Cl. 141-179)
through the normally closed contacts of the double throw
portion of switch 144 to the open contact of treadle
switch 142.
When the operator momentarily depresses the treadle
switch 142, armature 116 is therethrough energized and
motor 118 begins to rotate. Cam 122 raises the contact
The present invention relates generally to an improved
arms of microswitch 144, the upper arm of the micro
handling system for semi-viscous ?uids. More particu
switch 144 then transfers the armature supply circuit from
larly, the invention pertains to automatic controls for
handling and pumping semi-viscous liquids into contain l0 treadle switch 142 directly to the armature 116. Motor
118 continues to run, now under control of cam switch
ers, such as vials, ampoules, and small vessels.
144, and pumps 130 force ?uid into containers 26.
In my Patent Number 2,807,213, for “Filling Machine,”
After one revolution of motor 118, the containers have
issued September 24, 1957, I disclosed an improvement
been ?lled and cam 122 drops microswitch 144 to the
It was stated therein that the ma
chine could be used singly or in multiples by means of 15 original start position, cutting oil the power to the arma
ture 116 of motor 118. In addition, the lower single
electronic control. It is my object in the present inven
pole contacts can be seen to throw a short-circuit leading
tion to teach these means and principles of synchroniza
through the upper contacts of treadle switch 142 directly
tion.
across the armature 116. This electro-magnetically
Another object of this invention is to provide a ?lling
control for containers which operates automatically to 20 brakes motor 118, preventing over-rotation into another
cycle of operation until triggered by the operator.
complete a ?lling cycle.
A completely automatic system will now be described.
Yet another object of the invention is to provide a re
This form of the invention requires an operator only for
cycling, completely automatic container handling and
in ?lling machines.
loading a conveyor.
The automatic system as illustrated in FIG. 4 consists
25
?uids.
of a conveyor belt 20 driven in the direction of the solid
To provide an automatic handling and ?lling machine
arrow by a motor 22 connected to a suitable power
for ?lling containers with semi-viscous ?uids at a high
line 38. A set of guide rails 24, adapted for the con
rate, one which is economical to manufacture, ef?cient
tainers 26, is suspended over the belt 20. A stationary
and reliable in operation, and easy to maintain and in
30 platform 27 is mounted at the upstream end of guide
stall, are other objects of this invention.
?lling machine for ?lling containers with semi-viscous
These and other objects and advantages of this inven
tion will become more readily apparent and understood
from the accompanying speci?cation and drawings in
which:
5
rails 24 and just above the moving belt 20.
In a similar manner to that for the ‘semi-automatic
system, ?lling machines 140 are connected to discharge
nozzles 134. These nozzles 134, pre-arranged on an
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the mechanical‘por 35 ‘ adjustable support 136, serve containers 26 in a ?lling area
A-B between the guide rails 24.
tion of a simple ?lling system employing some principles
A plurality of microswitches 28, one for each container
of this invention;
26 in ?lling area A—B, are series connected and elec
FIG. 2 is an electrical diagram of a control system
trically attached to trigger terminals 102 of an electrical
used with the pumping system of FIG. 1;
'
FIG. 3 is the schematic diagram of a motor speed con 40 pulse former device 100 having output terminals 106 and
power input terminals 104. Devices of this type are
trol used with the invention;
In referring to the drawings, like referenc vnumerals
well-known in the art. The purpose of such a device
is to produce a short impulse of circuit closure for each
time a circuit connected to its input terminals is closed.
Output terminals 106 of device 100 are connected to
"triggering . terminals 107, which in turn, are in‘ series
connection ‘from an isolation transformer 114 to power
a relay 108 through an intermediate recti?er 112.~
by a flexible tube, not shown, preferably a suitable plastic
therefor. Each motor 118 drives reciprocating pumps
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an automatic con
veyor-?ller machine, together with a schematic control
diagram in accordance with principles of this invention;
and
._
FIG. 5 is an operational cycle chart sho‘“
quence of functions of the machine of FIG;
V ‘
vthe se
-
Relay 108 is provided with a single pole, double throw
are used to indicate like and similar parts throughout 50
contacts
con?guration with a normally closed contact 109
the several views.
and a normally open contact 110.
The ?lling system of FIG. 1 consists of a ?lling ma
Motor 7118 of ?lling machine 140, as pointed out pre
chine 140 similar to that in above-referenced patent hav
viously in connection with FIGS. 2 and 3, has an arma
ing reciprocating cylinder pumps 130 driven by a motor
118. The pumps 130 are connected to the liquid supply 55 ture 116, -a ?eld 117, and has ,a regulated supply 52
tube. A ?uid feed line 132 connects each pump 130 to
a suitably positioned discharge nozzle 134 with respect
130 by a shaft ‘120 and crank arm 121.
On this same
shaft 120 of motor 118, there are mounted a plurality
of cams 122, 124, 126, and 128, said'cams being ar
to containers 26 to be ?lled with viscous or semi-viscous
ranged to actuate microswitches 123, 125, 127, 129, re
?uids.
60 '‘spectively.
A motor speed regulator 52 which may have the elec
trical con?guration of FIG. 3 is shown in the diagram,
FIG. 2. Regulator 52 has ?eld supply terminals F, arma
ture supply terminals A, and line terminals L. Motor 118
'The ?rst microswitch 123 has a single pole, double
throw con?guration. Switches 125, 127 and 129 are of a
single pole, normally open type and connect, respectively,
has an armature 116 and a ?eld coil 117. In addition to
to a stop actuating solenoid 82 with a recti?er 83, a posi
is provided a microswitch 144 having single pole double
throw contacts and single pole, single throw normally
closed contacts. A switch 142, preferably in the form
path formed by guide rails 24 on the downstream side
118 is provided with ?eld power by regulator 52 con
which may have a blade formed to the contour of the
driving reciprocating pumps 130, motor 118 rotates a 65 tioning solenoid 94 with a recti?er 95, and a separator bar
actuating ‘solenoid 74 with a recti?er 75.
motor cam 122. In conjunction with this cam 122, there
As seen in FIG. 4, a stop arm 84 is spring held in the
and adjacent to ?lling area A—B. A separator bar 78 is
70 spring held by means of a linkage 76 in the path on the
of a treadle, has single pole double throw contacts.
upstream side of ?lling area A—B. A positioner 98,
‘In this, a semi-automatic form of the invention, motor
3
{3,067,786
4
group of containers26, isspring held through linkage
switches 28 for the additional containers 26 are also
required.
96 in proximity to the containers in ?lling area A—B.
Positioner 98 is shown retracted in FIG. 4 for clarity
Obviously, many modi?cations and variations of the
present invention are possible inlight of the above teach
ings. It is, therefore, to ‘be understood that within the
scope of theappended claims, the invention may be prac
.although closed switch .127 elsewhere invthesdiagram
wouldhave itextended, at the moment. The correct
.sequencecfoperation of themachinewill now be de
scribed.
ticed otherwise than as speci?cally described.
.Microswitches .728 areprovided with?ngers 30which
What is claimed:
sense the presence o?a, complete :quota. of empty con—
.tainers 26in ?lling area A—Bagainst stop ‘arm 84.- ‘The
closed circuit thus produced, signals pulse former. device
100 which, in turn, providesa trigger pulseto relay 108.
Atlthe end ofv the_trigger,pulse,,contact 109 is restored
'
determined chargesof said viscous medium to said spaced
-No_rmally ‘open contacts momentarily closer-the. circuit
fromregulatorSZ to. motor armaturel-l? to start, motor
118.
_
1. A handling and ?lling machine for simultaneously
?lling,a.plurality of spaced containers with a viscous
medium, comprising means tor delivering calibrated, pre
un?lled containers ina cyclic ‘operation, vmeans including
a speed regulated motor for dispensing said calibrated
15 predeterminedcharges of said viscous medium in accord
ance with the placement of said un?lled containers,,-a
Ibutsince/cam12211215 started to turn andhas closed the
pulse forming meansfor initiating a cycle of operation
forsaid speed regulated motor,‘ a .series of sensors, with
therebeing one sensorleach to each container in the
lower contacts of switch 123 the motor l‘lscontinues
to rotate.
This operation can best be_v seen on the ?rst two lines 20 ?lling Zone, means responsive to all ofysaid sensors and
actuated by said containers to initiate said pulse form
ing. means, andother mechanismv including a continuous
of the _~operational cycle chart illustrated ‘in FIG. v5,
where thecam-rotationin counter-clockwise nomencla
ture ‘is projected linearly with ,time from-left, to right.
During the ?rst half cycle of rotation, namely ,from
-ly operated conveyor system for placement and displace
ment of said ‘un?lled containers aswell as said ?lled con
H6o’clock to 12v o’pclock,i?uid from pumps 130, ?ows to 25 tainersin synchronous relationship with said delivering
the containers 26. Just, prior, to_this, function, positioner
means, whereby, said viscousmedium is delivered cycli
98 was advanced against containers 26v under command
cally ‘to, said plurality of ,un?lledcon-tainers.
of solenoid 94, switch ‘127' and-‘cam, 126, as the final oper
2. A handling and ?lling machine ‘for simultaneously
ationof- the previous cycle.
Upon eompletion'of the ?ll-strokeat 12 o’clock, posi
tion, camulp-26ropens switchd127 which releases solenoid
.94. ,Positioner 98 is then-‘withdrawn nndergspring action.
At the same time, ‘cam 12,4;closes; switch 125- operating
solenoid 82 which withdraws stop arm 84. The group
of ?lled containers 26 is thus ;released;from area A—B
to move down the conveyorsbeltvl?.
At the 9 o’clock_ position-earn_124;opens switch 125v to
‘(lei-energize solenoid§2 and allow stop varm 84 to re-enter
the path. Simultaneously,v cam 171,28 .closes-switch129
to energize solenoid‘74, withdrawing stop-arm ~78 vfrom
lhe'ipath allowing-the-emptytcontainers .26 tormove into
?lling varea AT-J-B. _Ne_ar,the>;end of’; this quarter cycle
?lling "a pluralityof spaced containers vwit-h a viscous
30 gmedium,~co_mprising, at least two spaced means for de
livering calibrated, predetermined charges of said viscous
medium_to,said spaced un?lled containers incyclicoper
\ation, means including a speed regulated motor which is
periodically -_electromalgnetically lbraked to define , said
35 cyclic operation, , a calibrated reciprocating pump for
each deliyeringmeanstor dispensing said calibrated pre
determined charges of said viscous medium in accord
40
,a_~,_s_,e_,ries._ ‘of; sensors, withone sensor each for each con
tainer in the ?llingwzone, each ofsaid sensors including
9f -,0Peratiqn. -.ca.m._12.6 :re-slosesswitch .127: to energize
.a.;,»SW_i,t_ch--_with;ineans ,in the ,positionof each container
solenoid 94 and move Lpgsit-ioner 98 ., against thecontaih
srs 26 in ?lli?sersaiA?B- ‘.Thisagimi aqcuratelvposi
?ees sqntainers. 26 under; nozzles. .13,4~_andagainstimism
allQeswithqthe placement of said un?lled containers, an
electric pulse ,forming means for simultaneously initiat
ing a cycle of operatiaon of each speed regulated motor,
in the ?lling zone to actuateitsrespective switch, all of
45
switslzeszlswhsreupsnther Qv¢1..¢-;.ren .ts- '
said switches jbeing connectedin series, means responsive
tp-_;a_ll;.of" id sensors being-‘actuated,byisaidHQQntainer
to! itiete- eidrulse-tqrming means-and othermecha
nismincluding a continuously operated conveyor system
Mieroswitches 28 also actias‘ \f‘no ivial-noz ?ll” :_;devices
since the pumping mechanism will notoperate yuntilgthey
igrt-hl-aséfriieakand displacement pflsaid un?lled con
are ,all depressed .simultaneousl. 'If Za. completejcomple 50 tainers'a V11 ‘as _»said_>?lled ;_cent_ainers _ in synchronous
rslatiqnshlpiwithsaid ‘delivery means. whereby said vis
mentlof containers is .notin- position under the .?lling
nozzles, the mechanism willtstop.
.A positively motor stop in the nature-.nof'an- electro
magnetic brake prevents? coastingaofimotorj 1‘1-8~into'_an
other ‘cycle of ‘operation. ‘For this purpose, a damping 55
resistor 138 is connected to the upper contact of cam
cous mediumis delivered cyclically to said plurality. .of
un?lled containers.
References Cited in the ‘?le of this patent
‘,UNITED STATES PATENTS
;2,2,l2,06_5
switch :123. When this contact-is closed under com
12,332,232
mand of motor cam 122 andthe normally closed con
tacts 109 are closed due to trigger signal cut-omit can 60 72,491,826
12,550,903
be seenthat resistor 138 shorts armature 116 fora quick
stop.
An additional ?lling machine may be added ‘by merely
paralleling their trigger terminals 107 as shown by: dotted
:arrows extendingto the right in FIG. 4. Su?icient micro
3,620,960
2,709,538
.-';2,7.2.4.33.6
572,772,705
2,350,051
Anderson ___________ __ June .21, 1938
Bleam et a1. _________ __ vNov. .2, 1943
,Meyers eta]. ________ __ Dec. 20,1949
Berch ---., ___________ -_~May 1, 1951
Harrington __________ __ Dec. 9, 1952
Harrington ___________ _ May 31, 1955
.Egerton _____________ __ Nov.“ 22, 1955
Anderson ___________ _._ Dec. .4, 1956
Rasmussen __________ __ Sept. 2, .1958
3
AL
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