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Патент USA US3067939

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Dec. 11, 1962
Filed NOV. 10, 1960
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
BY EDWARD A. Fax; :18
Dec. 11, 1962
Filed Nov. 10, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
EQWAA’D A. FOA; 3k‘.
0% 47%
Dec. 11, 1962
Filed NOV. 10, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
“ /7ff
BY 50%” A. Fm; JR
United States
Patented Eec. 11, 1962
invention cooperate and therefore it is thought that, in the
present disclosure, said elements may be designated with
Ransom F. Shoup, Bryn Mawr, and Edward A. Fox, Sin,
Morton, Pa., assignors to Shoup Research and Deveiop
ment Corporation, Ridiey Park, Pa., a corporation of
Filed Nov. 10, 1960, Ser. No. 68,411
2 Claims. (Cl. 235-54)
This invention relates to a voting machine of the type
disclosed in prior Shoup patients, such as Patent No.
2,054,102 and No. 2,826,356, and other Shoup patents
which are available for inspection in the United States
Patent O?ice.
Patent 2,054,102 discloses a voting machine which in
cludes a number of vertical columns of voting spindles,
and a ballot assembly including a backing plate (31);
a ballot (33); a protector (32); and shutter (34) asso
ciated with each of said columns of voting spindles. The
ballot assemblies referred to were inserted downwardly
through slots (36) provided in the top of the machine.
See FIGS. 6, 7, 15 and 21, and line 60, et seq., left
hand column, page 3, of Patent 2,054,102.
the same reference numerals with which they are desig
nated in said patent without being described in detail and,
in order to distinguish the reference numerals which are
borrowed from the last~mentioned patent from the nu
merals used to designate the parts constituting the present
disclosure, the former reference numerals are underlined.
However, in order to make reference to the Patent
2,826,356 unnecessary, it is pointed out that when lock
120, which is controlled by the election oflicer, is turned
to the right, slide 102 is also moved to the right and pin
100 rides on cam 106, and that, when slide 102 is moved
to the left, pin 100 rides on cam 104, for the purpose set
forth in PatentN_o. 2,826,356. Bin-fit will be noted that,
when slide 102 is moved to the right, dog 114 engages
ratchet 112a—nd therefore the slide can not lie-moved to
the left unless lock 124, which is controlled by the custo
dian of the machine, is turned to the right to cause ?nger
126 to engage ?nger 128 and lift dog 114 out of engage
iment with the ratchetTlZ on slide 102._
The ballot assemblies are about 40 inches long and the
In carrying out our invention, “Te-provide ?nger 126
machine itself is over ?ve feet high. Therefore, the as 25
semblies could not be inserted downwardly into the ma
of the custodian’s lock 124 with a forwardly projecting
chine except in a room having a sui?ciently high ceiling.
Since in most modern buildings the average ceilings are
about eight feet high, it was necessary to tilt the large
and heavy voting machine on its side to permit insertion
of the ballots and their covers.
It is therefore the object of this invention to produce
an improved voting machine of the type set forth in which
the plates and shutters are non~removable and in which 35
the ?exible, transparent paper ballot and the ?exible pro
tector are readily insertable into position in any room in
pin 130 which is adapted to engage opening 132 in the
adjacent end of a slide 134. Slide 134 is carried by pins
136 which are carried by a ?xed wall 56 of the machine
and which pass through slots 137 and 138 in slide 1452
and plate 74, respectively, to engage slots 139 in slide 134,
to support the slide and ?ngers 140 which are carried
thereby, for lateral movement upon rotation of lock 124.
The lower ends of the ballots, and their covers, are pro
tected by a door 142 which is hinged at 144 to a ?xed
wall 146 of the machine. Door 142 is provided with
which a machine can be placed in upright position with
out having to tilt the voting machine on its side.
A further object of the invention is to provide means 40 internal pendent plates 148 which, when slide 134 is moved
to the left, register with ?ngers 140 on slide 134 to prevent
to permit insertion of the ballot, and its ?exible transpar
movement of the door from the closed, solid line, to the
ent cover, at a point near the bottom of each column of
open, broken line, position of FIG. 4.
voting spindles and to provide an access door which is
A machine of the type referred to includes ?xed, rigid
closed while the machine is being used and which can be
opened only when the machine is not in use, or after the 45 strips 150 through which the voting spindles S project
and moveable shutters 68 which are disposed between
voting is completed to permit the removal of the ballots,
the resetting of the machine, and the insertion of new
the strips and are moveable to cover, or uncover, the vote
ballots for use in a subsequent election.
counters of the machine. The marginal portions of
The full nature of the invention will be understood from
strips 150 are spaced from the adjacent supporting wall
the following speci?cation and the accompanying draw 50 to form channels for receiving the vertical edges 152
ings in which:
of ballots 153 and the vertical edges 154 of the ballot
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary, and diagrammatic, front ele
covers 155. It will be seen from F168. 1 and 7 that the
vational view of a voting machine shown in Shoup Pa
upper ends of the ballots and their covers are disposed
tent, No. 2,826,356, but embodying the improvements of
behind the front wall 156 of the upper cover of the
the present invention.
55 machine. In order to hold the ballots in position, we
FIG. 2 is an enlarged, exploded, fragmentary view
provide a spring plate 158 which carries a pin 160 which
showing the parts of said voting machine with which
is disposed below the lower edge 162 of front cover 15-6,
the parts constituting the present invention co-act.
and on which the ballot is impaled. If desired, we also
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary, enlarged, sectional view look
provide ?at springs 164 which carry pins 166 for en
ing in the direction of line 3-3 on FIG. 1.
60 gaging the lower ends of the ballots.
FIG. 4 is an enlarged, sectional view looking in the
The operation is as follows:
To insert the ballots, the custodian turns lock 124 to
FIG. 5 is similar to the upper portion of FIG. 4, except
the right to move slide 134 to the right to take ?ngers
that it shows how the ?exible, transparent cover of the
140 out of registration with lugs 148 on the door 142 to
ballot is inserted over the paper ballot, which was similar 65
movement of the door to the open, broken line,
ly inserted.
position of FIG. 4. The old ballots, if any, and their
FIG. 6 is an enlargement of the lower portion of a
covers, are removed, and the new ballots, and their covers,
ballot and its cover, showing details of construction.
are inserted, upwardly, in the general manner shown in
FIG. 7 is an enlarged section looking in the direction
of line 7-7 on FIG. 1.
70 FIG. 5. It will be understood that when the ballot
reaches its proper position, its upper end is engaged with
Patent 2,826,356 discloses all of the elements of a vot
pin 160 and its lower end is engaged with pins 166. The
ing machine with which the parts constituting the present
direction of line 4-4 on FIG. 1.
an auxiliary slide,
transparent covers 154 are next inserted with their upper
ends behind front wall 1'56 of the upper cover of the
best shown in FIGS. 1 and 7. With the bal
lots and their covers in position and, assuming the machine
a ?nger carried thereby,
a lug carried by the inner wall of said door and engage
able with said ?nger, said lug and said ?nger being
is otherwise ready, door 142 is moved to its upper, closed
so related that movement of said slide to its second
position; the custodian turns lock 124 to the left to bring
into registration with the lugs 148 on the
door to lock the door in position, and the election o?icer
turns lock 120 to the right to move slide 1952 to the right
position disengages said ?nger and said lug.
A voting machine including:
a vertical column of voting spindles,
so as to engage dog 114 with ratchet 112 in the manner,
and for the purpose set forth in, the Patent 2,826,356.
What we claim is:
1. The combination with a voting machine of the type
which includes at least one column of voting spindles, a
slide movabie to a ?rst position, in which said voting
spindles are useable, and to a second position, in which
said voting spindles are locked against use, a ?rst actuat
ing means for moving said slide to either of said posi
tions, retaining means automatically operable, upon move
ment or" said slide to its ?rst position, to lock said slide
in said ?rst position, a second actuating means for releas»
ing said retaining means to permit movement of said
slide to its second position, an elongated ballot, means on
either side or" said column de?ning an open ended channel
for receiving said ballot, one end of said channel being
closed to prevent access to the corresponding end of said
ballot and the other end of said channel being open to per
rnit insertion of said ballot into, and withdrawal of said
ballot from, said channel, a door for closing said other end 30
of said channel, a latching mechanism for locking said
door in closed position, and means operatively connecting
said latching mechanism to said second actuating means
and operable upon engagement of said second actuating
means with said retaining means to disengage said latch
ing mechanism and permit opening of said door, said
latch mechanism including:
a mechanism movable to a ?rst position in which said
spindles are locked against use and to a second posi
tion in which said spindles are released for use,
a ballot bearing the names of candidates to be voted
a channel associated with said column of voting spin
dies and adapted to receive said ballot, the upper
end of said channel being closed and the lower end
thereof being open for the insertion and withdrawal
or" the ballot therethrough,
a door hinged about a horizontal axis below the lower
end of said channel and movable to an upper position
in which it obstructs the lower end of said channel
and to a lower position in which the lower end of
the channel is unobstructed,
a slide,
latch means carried by said slide and engageable with
said door when the latter is in its upper position to
lock said door in said position, and
means operatively connecting said slide for joint move
ment with said mechanism whereby, when said door
is in its upper position, movement of said mechanism
to its second position engages said latch means with
said door.
References (Fired in the ?le of this patent
McKenzie ___________ __ Dec. 14, 1909
Shoup et al ___________ __ Sept. 15, 1936
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