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Патент USA US3068018

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Dec. 11, 1962
3,068,008
S. M. SALTZMAN ETAL
AUTOMATIC SIMULATED ‘RACING GAME
Filed Jan. 8, 1957
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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5.? INVENTORS
SAMUEL M. SAMT'ZM/JN
TOWNSEND 2J- M?CC’OL/A/
Emir
Dec. 11, 1962
s. M. SALTZMAN ETAL
3,068,008
AUTOMATIC SIMULATED RACING GAME
Filed Jan. 8, 1957
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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States Patent D M
3,068,068
Patented Dec. 11, 19-62
1
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3 068 008
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 1 taken along
the line 8-8 thereof and viewed in the direction of the
Samuel M. Saltzman, 34-42 72nd Ave., Jackson Heights,
arrows;
FIG. 9 is an elevational view of the‘ electromechanical
AUTOMATIC SIMI’JLA’TED RACING GAME
. N.Y., and Townsend D. MacCoun, RED. 2, NewMil
ly controlled starting gate.
‘ford, Conn.
Filed Jan. 8, 1957, Ser. No. 633,123
,
Referring more particularly to FIG. 1, the numeral 10
shows in plan view a three-track device comprising three
15 Claims. (Cl. 273—86)
dual electric rails 11a, 11b, 12a, 12b, 13a, 1312. These
‘This invention relates to games, and more particularly
tracks may be of any well known construction such as
it relates’to automatic devices for simulating racing con 10 employed in any well known electric toy train control
tests and the like.
device. Preferably the tracks are arranged in an endless
7 A principal object of the invention is to provide an
?gure eight formation with the crossover region of the
tracks separated from each other by a suitable elevated
bridge 14. -A rail of each pair, for example rails 11a,
12a, 13a, are the ground return rails and are connected
to ground as indicated. The remaining rails of each
pair, namely rails 11b, 12b, 13b, are connected over re
, A further object is to provide an electromechanical
spective conductors 15, 16, 17 to the movable armatures
game having a plurality of movable members arranged to
18, 19, 26 of an electromechanical relay 21 whose func
be advanced between ?xed starting and ?nish points, and 20 tion will be described hereinbelow.
including a novel circuit controller for arbitrarily and
Arranged to contact with each pair of rails is a corre
amusement device which simulates racing contests and
the like by electromechanical means.
Another object is to provide an electromechanical rac~
ing game wherein the mechanism is entirely controlled
by a novel random operating selector control device.
randomly advancing one or more of the members in a
sponding movable member 22, 23, 24, each of which
non-predictable sequence.
contains a miniature electric motor of any well known
A feature of the invention relates to a novel randomly
type such as is employed in toy electric train control de
operating automatic electric switch for controlling the 25 vices. The track 10 may be fastened to any suitable in
incremental movement of a plurality of independently
sulating board or ?at support 25. Attached to the board
25 by means of a pair of uprights 26, 27 is a metal cross—
bar 28 which carries a set of three swingable contact
movable elements along respective tracks.
Another feature relates to an automatic electric switch
for controlling the step by step or continuous movement
members 29, 30, 31 mounted in alignment above respec
of a series of independently movable elements, in prac 30 tive tracks. Also attached to the uprights 26, 27 is an
tically unlimited non-recurrent random combinations.
insulator strip 32 carrying three contact points 33, 34, 35
Another feature relates to a randomly operating auto
in line with the respective swingable contacts 29, 30, 31.
matic circuit controller in the form of a rotary drum
Each of the ?xed contact points 33, 34, 35 is provided
or drums carrying a plurality of contact sets or pins
with a respective conductor 36, 37, 38 which leads to the
rotatable as a unit with the drum, together with a plurality 35 winding of a respective relay 39, 40, 41. The swingable
of gravity controlled movable contact bridging elements
contacts 29-31 are normally in a vertical position where
which bridge the contact sets entirely at random.
they are out of contact with the respective stationary con
Another feature relates to a novel amusement device
tacts 33-35. The contacts 29-31 and 33-35 constitute
comprising the use of electric tracks and respective elec
the ?nish gate so that when any of the movable mem
tric motor control members each riding on a respective
bers 22, 23, 24' engages the respective movable strip con
track, together with a novel combination‘ of relay con
tact it immediately operates its corresponding relay 39,
trolled circuits and novel random operating circuit con
4t), 41 and the operation of that relay disconnects the
troller switch-means for electromechanically advancing
positive l2-volt direct current power terminal 42
one or more of said members along said tracks in ran
45 from all the tracks, as will be described hereinbelow.
dom combinations and at random rates.
A further feature relates to the novel organization, ar
rangement and relative location and interconnection of
The ?nish gate is mounted for vertical movement on the
uprights 26, ‘27 so that it can be raised either manually
or electromagnetically out of the path of the movable
parts which by their joint cooperation constitute a novel
members when the latter are to be advanced to the start
amusement device of the simulated racing kind:
ing gate under control of a reset switch to be described.
Other features and. advantages notparticularly enu 50 The ?nish gate can be raised by an electromagnet 29 or
merated will appear from the ensuing descriptions, the
controlled by a suitable switch 29b connected to the 24
appended claims, and the attached drawings.‘
volt supply terminal 43.
Preferably, although not necessarily, the various elec-‘
In‘ the drawing, which shows by way of example one
typical embodiment of the invention, : "
d ’
FIG. 1 is a composite plan view of a multi-track de
55 tromechanical relays are of the 24-volt kind and are sup
vice and associated random-operated automatic controls;
the latterv being shown in'schematicwiring diagram form;
FIG. 2 is ‘a front elevational view of the novel random
plied with operating current from the positive 24-volt
terminal 43.
The contacts 29-31 and 33-35 constitute
what may be termed a ?nish gate so that when any set
of contacts is closed by the ?rst arriving movable mem
automatic circuit controller switch shown schematically 60 ber thereat, the power is disconnected from the tracks
in FIG. 1;
>
'
FIG. 3 is a sectional view of FIG. 2 taken'along the
line 3-3 thereof and viewedsin the direction of the ar
rows;
"
V
--
_
'” FIG. 4 isamOdi?c'ationof the relay control of FIG. 1; 65
and at the same time the corresponding one of the three
indicator lamps 44, 45, 46 is illuminated from the 110‘
volt supply line through the contacts of the correspond
ingly operated relay of the set ‘39-41.
In order to insure that all the movable elements start
from the same position, there is provided a starting gate
FIG. 1; ~
‘
‘
‘
consisting of a swingable vane 47 which is swingably
' FIG. 6 shows a modi?cation of the system of FIG. 1
mounted on a vertical rotatable upright 48 rotatably sup
employing a dilferent kind of'random' operated circuit
ported on board 25 (see FIG. 9). The vane 47 con
70 stitutes what may be termed the starting gate and normal
FIG. 7 shows a further modi?cation of the random
ly it extends across all the tracks and is held against a
operated circuit controller ofFIGS. 2 and .6;
suitable ?xed stop 49 by means of a combination spring
FIG. 5’is a further modi?cation of the relay-control of
controller;
is
.
‘
‘
3,068,008
4
3
50 and cord 51 passing around pulley 52 fastened to
upright 48. The other end of cord 51 is connected to
which cooperate with respective brushes 84, 85, 86, 87.
The brushes 8'7, 86, 85 are connected to respective norm
When the solenoid
ally closed contacts 18—88, 19-89, 20-90 of relay
54 is energized it draws in the plunger 53 and opens
the gate 47 andat the same time the plunger 53 closes
21 and thence to the respective non-grounded rails of
the three tracks.
a pair of normally open contacts 55, 56, the function
of which is to be described hereinbelow.
Suitably anchored in the wall of drum 78 and extend
ing inwardly and outwardly thereof are a series of con
the plunger 53 of a solenoid 54.
Each nonegrounded rail has a short length 110, 12c,
tact pins designated 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96. These pins
are preferably, although not necessarily, arranged in
spective rail. Each section 11c, 12c, 130 is somewhat 10 helical array around the drum and are all connected on
130 which is insulated at its opposite ends from its re
longer than the length between the forward and rear
the exterior of the drum by a wire 97 which in turn is
connected to slip ring 80 and brush 84 and thence through
normally open contacts 98 and 99 of the start control
24. Thus when any of the movable members reaches
relay 100 of the 12-volt terminal 42. Likewise anchored
its insulated track section it is deprived of current and
stops. In order to advance all the movable members 15 through the wall of the drum 78, inrelatively closely
spaced relation to each of the pins 91-96, is a cor
to the same starting position in front of the gate 47
responding metal pin 101-106. Pins 101 and 104 are
prior to starting of each race, there is provided an.
wheels of the corresponding movable member 22, 23,
connected together externally of the drum by conductor
operable reset switch 60 which can be operated manually.
107 and thence to slip ring 81. Likewise the pin 102 is
That switch when normal maintains through its con
tacts 61, 62 the locking circuits for the relays 39—41 20 connected to pin 105 externally of the drum by conductor
108 and thence to slip ring 82. Similarly pins 103 and
and the solenoid 54. However, when the switch 60 is
106 are connected externally of the dlurn by conductor
operated for resetting purposes, it breaks the locking
109 and thence to slip ring 83. The ends of the drum
circuit of those relays and the solenoid 54 at contacts
78 are closed by suitable end plates 110, 111 and within
61, 62. The insulated track sections 110, 12c, 130 are
normally connected to the start contact 98 through con
tacts 64a and 64 on the reset switch 60. When the
the drum are provided a series of metal balls 112. While
the drawing shows six such balls, it will be understood
that a greater or less number can be provided. Preferably
switch 60 is operated, power is applied from terminal
each of the balls is of a su?iciently large diameter com
42 through contacts 63 and 64 directly to brush 87 of
mensurate with the spacing between each pair of con
the controller 70 to advance the movable members toward
the starting gate 47. At the same time the circuit from 30 tact pins so that when a ball drops by gravity to the
lower part ‘of the drum it bridges at random any pair
the insulated sections 110, 12c, 13c through wire 65
of contact pins that it happens to strike. Thus, as shown
is opened by contacts 64a and 64 so that the movable
schematically in FIGS. 1 and 2, one of the balls is shown
members Will stop when each has reached its insulated
in contact with pins 92 and 102 and therefore it short
section and they are in the proper starting position in
front of gate 47 where upon the switch 60 can be released. 35 circuits the corresponding resistor 68, causing an in
creased current to ?ow through the track rail 12b and
In orderv to start each race the manually operable
through the corresponding movable device 23, thus ad
starting switch 66 is operated, which closes the energiz
vancing that device at a higher rate of speed than the
ing circuit for the gate solenoid 54. At the same time
remaining devices.
the 12-volt track supply from terminal 42 is applied
Because of the weight of ‘the balls 112, and the con-.
through the respective resistors 67, 68, 69 of the random
tinued rotation of drum 78, the balls tend to drop and
operating circuit controller 70 to be described herein
bounce around at random within the drum, thus short
below, and through the normally closed contacts of
circuiting the respective track resistors 67, 68, 69 either.
relay 21 to the respective track rails. The resistors 67,
68, 69 are chosen each of the same value so as to operate 45 singly ‘or in random combinations. The net result is that
the movable devices 22, 23, 24 are also advanced along
the motors of the devices 22, 23, 24 at the same rate,
their respective tracks at randomly different rates of
which may be a relatively slow rate. Under control
speed until ?nally one of the devices reaches the ?nish
of the random controller device 70 the resistors 67,
'gate and operates the corresponding contacts of that
68, 69 are short-circuited for relatively short periods
in random combinations at respective contact sets 91, 50 gate (see FIG. 8) to disconnect the 12-volt power sup
ply from the rails and at the same time cause the il
101, 92, 102, 93, 103, etc. The random short-circuiting
lumination of the corresponding indicator lamp 44, 45
of any given resistor increases correspondingly the cur
or 46.
rent through the respective motor on a respective movable
A detailed description will now be given of the sequence
member 22, 23, 24 and advances that particular mem
ber at a high rate of speed as compared with the re-, 55 of operations in using the system of FIG.- 1. If the
elements 22-24 are not uniformly lined up in the rear
maining movable members whose controller contacts
of the starting gate 47, the ?nish gate is raised either
remain open. In other words, when none of the resistors
manually or by a-suitable solenoid switch 29b (FIG. 8)
is short-circuited, the members 22, 23, 24 move gradually
so that the movable‘ members can pass under the ?nish
at substantially the same rate. When a resistor is short
gate. The reset switch 60 is temporarily operated to close
circuited the corresponding member‘ is given an addi
the circuit from the terminal 43 through contacts 63, 64
tional impulse of current to move it incrementally at a
and thence through thecontroller 70 to the track rails
higher rate of speed.
11b, 12b, 13b and through'the motors of the devices 22,
Prior to describing the operation of 'the system of
24 to the respective grounded rails 11a, 112a, 13a All
FIG. 1 in detail, a description will now be given of the
preferred form of the random circuit controller 70 and 65 the devices 22,-24 are thereby advanced to the starting
for that purpose reference may be had to FIG. 2. The
device comprises an electric motor 74 which may be
suitably mounted and which maybe driven continuously
gate 47 where they remain on their respective insulated
sections 110, 12c, 130. When the race is to be started,
the starting switch 66 is momentarily operated, closing a
circuit terminal 43 through contacts‘ 66a and the winding
from the 110~volt terminals. The motor shaft 75 is
of solenoid 54.‘ At the same time a similar circuit is
fastened through a suitable coupling 76 to the shaft 70 closed through the winding of the starting relay 100:
77 of a hollow rotary drum 78 which preferably, although
The energization of solenoid 54 opensthe starting gate
not necessarily, is of transparent plastic. The opposite
end of the drum shaft 77 is supported for rotation in a
47 to the dotted line position. At the same time a lock
ing circuit is provided for solenoid 54, traceable from
suitable bearing bracket 79. _ Insulatingly attached to
ground through its winding and associated plunger oper
the drum shaft 77 are four; slip ‘rings 80,- 81, 82, 83, 75 ated contacts 55, 56, thence through contacts 62, 61 of
5
3,068,008
reset switch 60 to the terminal 43., This maintains the
starting gate open until the ?nish of the race, which
latter is controlled by the operation of relay 21, as will
be described. At the same time that switch 66 is closed,
a locking circuit is closed for the start relay 100 through
its contacts 115, 116 and the contacts 113, 114 of
relay 21.
The operation of relay 100‘ connects the 12-volt termi
nal 42 through contacts 98 and 99 and thence to brush
6
the movable elements has arrived at the ?nish point ?rst.
When the locking circuit for the start relay 100 is broken,
the locking circuit for the starting gate control solenoid
54 is also broken, which thereupon allows the spring 50
to restore the starting gate to its closed position.
While FIG. 1 shows a system employing three tracks
and three movable members, it will be understood that
a greater or less number of tracks and corresponding
number of movable elements can be employed. Like
84 of the random circuit controller 70 and through its 10 wise the number of slip rings and brushes in the random
slip ring 80 and thence to contacts 91, 92, 93. The 12
controller 70 will be provided and a like number of relays
volt terminal is also connected in parallel through the
similar to relays 39-41 and lamps 44-46 will be em
resistors 67, 68, 69‘ and thence through the normally
closed contacts 88-18, 89-19, 90-20 to the respective
conductors 15, 16, 17 connected to the track supply rails
11b, 12b, 13b. The resistors 67, 68, 69 are also con
nected through respective brushes ‘87, 86, 85 and their slip
rings 83, 82, 81 to the corresponding controller contact
pins 103, 102, 101.
ployed.
Instead of track resistors 67, 6S and 69 being short
circuited directly by the contact balls 112, those resistors
may be short-circuited by contacts of corresponding re
lays 123, 124, 125 (FIG. 4). Each of those relays is
connected in the plate circuit of a corresponding grid
controlled gaseous discharge tube or Thyratron 126, 127,
It will be understood, of course, that at the start of 20 128 in series with a respective condenser 129, 130, 131.
the race the ll0-volt power is applied to the motor 74
Each of these condensers is normally charged to its
which continuously turns the drum 78 of the random con
positive potential by the positive plate supply of its re
troller. On the assumption that none of the contact balls
112 is at this instant in contact with the associated pairs
spective Thyratron when the Thyratron is non-conductive.
When a contact ball 112, for example, bridges a set of
of pins, then the current through the resistors 67, 68, 69 25 drum pin contacts it grounds the grid of the associated
will be relatively low and the members 22-24 will be sub
Thyratron, causing it to become conductive and thus
stantially uniformly advanced along their respective
providing a discharge circuit for the associated conden
tracks.
However, as soon as a contact ball bridges any
pair of contacts, for example contacts 92, 102, the associ
ated resistor 68 is short circuited and correspondingly in
ser 129 which operates the associated relay 123.
That
creases the speed of movement of the corresponding mov
able element alone. It will also be understood that the
relay remains operated until the condenser is substantially
discharged. During that discharge interval the contacts
of relay 123 short-circuit the associated track resistor,
thus providing an extended period of incremental speed
pairs of contact pins in the random controller will be
to the associated movable member on the track.
The
bridged in entirely random fashion depending upon the
said period of incremental speed can thus be made longer
random rolling and bouncing movement of the contact 35 than would be possible with the instantaneous contact be
balls 112. To a certain extent the incremental forward
moving impulses applied to the tracks by the bridging of
tween the contact ball and the pin contacts on the drum.
When any of the relays 123, 124, 125 releases as a result
the contact pins will be a function of the speed of rota
tion of drum 78 and, if desired, a suitable manually oper
ated speed control may be provided for the motor 74 to
of the complete discharge of its associated condenser, the
corresponding track resistor becomes eifective to slow
control the dwell of the individual contact balls on their
down the speed of the corresponding movable member on
the track.
respective contact pins. In any event, the members 22,
' Instead of employing gaseous discharge tubes or Thyra
23, 24 are advanced in purely random fashion, either in
trons to control the relays 123, 124, 125 of FIG. 4, those
dividually or in random fashion determined by the rolling
relays may be controlled by any conventional multi-vibra
45 tor 132. Since the action of such multi-vibrators is well
and bouncing action of the metal balls 112.
The members 22-24, therefore, move around the track
known in the electronic art, suf?ce it to say that the en
until one of the members strikes the corresponding swing
gagement of a contact ball 112 with a pair of associated
able contact, such as contact 30, to close a circuit from
drum pin contacts triggers the associated multi-vibrator
terminal 43 through contacts 61 and 62 of switch 60,
132 which sends a protracted impulse of direct current
winding of relay 40, conductor 37, contact 34 (see FIG. 50 through the associated relay 123 to operate it. The dura
8), contact 30, to the grounded cross-bar 28. Relay 40
tion of this impulse can be controlled by the electrical
immediately locks up over a circuit from the supply ter
parameters of the multi-vibrator in the Well known man
minal 43, normally closed contacts 61, 62 of the reset
ner. While FIG. 5 shows only one such multi-vibrator and
switch 60, the winding of relay 40, contacts 118, 117 to
associated relay, it will be understood that there will be
55
ground. At the same time that relay 40 operates, it
a series of such multi-vibrators and relays similar to FIG.
connects lamp 45 across the llO-volt supply terminals
4, there being one such multi-vibrator and relay unit for
through relay contacts 119, 120. The operation of relay
each of the tracks.
40 completes a circuit from ground through its contacts
While the system of the invention ?nds its preferred
121, 122, winding of ?nish relay 21, to terminal 43.
embodiment when using a rotary drum random circuit
Relay 21 at its contacts 113, 114, breaks the above-de
controller as illustrated in FIG. 2, other forms of random
scribed locking circuit for the start relay 100, which there
circuit controllers may be employed. Thus, as shown in
upon releases and at its contacts 93, 99‘ removes the 12
FIG. 6, the random circuit controller 133 may consist of
volt power supply from the rails, thus preventing any
a series of Geiger counters 134, 135, etc., there being one
further movement of the elements 22-24 which remain in
such Geiger counter for each track. The Geiger counters
65
their ?nal position. When the swinging contact 18 leaves
may be grouped around a central radioactive source 136
contact 88 it engages contact 18a and in like manner
contact 19 engages 19a and contact 20 engages 20a.
This action results in placing a short-circuit across each
pair of rails and therefore the motors of the moving
which emits pulses of radiation in random sequence so
that the respective Geiger counters are also energized in
random sequence. Each of the Geiger counters may be
connected to a suitable ampli?er 137, the output of which
members. This results in a braking action on the motors 70 can be connected to a control unit 138 which may take
in the well understood manner. The moving members
the form of a gaseous tube control as in FIG. 4 or a multi
are thus brought to an immediate stop so that the results
vibrator control as in FIG. 5. Each of these latter control
of the race can accurately be determined. However, the
units operates a corresponding relay similar to relay 123
relay 40 remains energized and the corresponding indi
cator lamp 45 remains lighted to indicate which one of‘ 75
to short-circuit the corresponding track resistor.
A still further form of random circuit controller is
3,068,008
7
shown in FIG. 7. It may consist of an electric lamp 139
and a suitable optical system 140 for projecting a beam of
light on the surface of a liquid 1411 in a suitable container
or pan 142 resting on a spring supported platform 143.
Grouped around the light beam from the optical system
are a series of pick-up devices each comprising an opaque
light tube 144 housing a light sensitive cell 145 and a suit
8
speed to cause said ball to engage said contacts to apply
electric current to said tracks in random succession.
5. An electromechanically controlled game comprising
a plurality of separate tracks upon each of which a respec
tive motor driven member is arranged to ride, parallel
electric paths for current supply to said tracks, an imped
spective controls, such as the Thyratron controls of FIG.
ance in each of said paths, movable contact means for
each impedance for rendering it effective to control the
magnitude of current in a respective track, and means to
tion with FIG. 1.
Various changes and modi?cations may be made in the
tact members, and means to maintain said housing in con
tinuous rotation and thereby to cause said members freely
able lens 146. The cells 145 can then be connected to re
4 or the multi-vibrator controls of FIG. 5, to control the 10 operate said contact means for the several impedances in
random sequence whereby said members are moved along
random short-circuiting of the associated track resistors.
their respective tracks in random order, the last men
The arrangement of FIG. 7 is particularly useful at any
tioned means comprising a controller including a continu
location where the support 143 is subjected to random
ously rotating substantially closed housing carrying in
vibrations thus causing random short-circuiting of the
track resistors for the purpose described above in connec 15 ternal contacts and a plurality of freely falling metal con
to fall and bounce entirely within said housing without
any predetermined relation to said internal contacts and
and scope of the invention. For example, while the
drawing shows the controller 70 as consisting of a single 20 without any ?xed guides for said members during their
falling motion.
drum with a single driving motor, if desired the controller
6. An electromechanically controlled game comprising
may take the form of a series of separate drums, one for
disclosed embodiments without departing from the spirit
each track. Each drum will have a single pair of con
tact pins or a multiplicity of pairs of contact pins con
a plurality of separate tracks upon each of which a re
then be connected into circuit in the same manner as
said paths, and movable contact means for short-circuit~
ing said resistances in random combinations and in ran
dom sequence to correspondingly advance said movable
spective motor driven member is arranged to ride, parallel
nected to slip rings. The brushes for the slip rings can 25 current supply paths to said tracks, a resistance in each of
shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 of the drawing.
What is claimed is:
1. An electromechanically controlled game, comprising
members along their respective tracks, the last mentioned
a plurality of tracks upon each of which a respective motor 30 means comprising a controller including a continuously
rotating substantially closed housing carrying internal
driven movable member is arranged to ride, means to
contacts and a plurality of freely falling metal contact
apply electric current to said tracks to move said members
members, and means to maintain said housing in continu
therealong, and means including circuit controller means
ous rotation and thereby to cause said members freely to
to change the amount of current applied to said tracks in
random combinations and in random sequence, said con-‘ 35 fall and bounce entirely Within said housing without any
predetermined relation to said internal contacts and with
troller including a continuously rotating substantially
out any ?xed guides for said members during their falling
motion.
7. An electromechanically controlled game comprising
to cause said members freely to fall and bounce entirely 40 a plurality of separate electric tracks upon each of which
a respective motor driven member is arranged to ride,
‘within said housing without any predetermined relationto
means
to vary the amount of current supplied to the tracks
said internal contacts and without any ?xed guides for
in random order, the last-mentioned means including re
said members during their falling motion.
spective impedances in circuit with the respective tracks,
2. An electromechanically controlled game, comprising
45 switching contacts ‘for each impedance, and a random
a plurality of tracks upon each of which a respective
circuit controller for controlling said switching contacts,
motor driven movable member is arranged to ride, and
said controller including a substantially closed rotatable
electric circuit controller means for applying to said tracks
drum, a plurality of contacts carried by the interior wall of
during random spaced intervals currents of substantially
the same magnitude, and during other random spaced in 50 the drum, at least one freely movable metal member with
closed housing carrying internal contacts and a plurality
of freely falling metal contact members,’ and means to
maintain said housing in continuous rotation and thereby
tervals currents of different magnitudes to one or more
of said tracks whereby said members are moved along said
tracks in random progression, said controller including a
in the drum, and means to rotate said drum to cause said
metal member to freely fall within said drum as it is
rotating and without any separate guiding means during
the fallling motion and thereby to cause said metal mem
continuously rotating substantially closed housing carry
ing internal contacts and a plurality of freely falling metal 55 ber to engage said contacts in random sequence.
8. An electromechanically controlled game according
contact members, and means to maintain said housing in
continuous rotation and thereby to cause said members
to claim 7, in which each of said contacts carried by the
drum has a portion extending interiorly of the drum, and
said metal member is a metal ball.
out any predetermined relation to said internal contacts
9. An electromechanically controlled game, compris
and without any ?xed guides for said members during 60
ing a plurality of separate tracks upon each of which a
their falling motion.
respective motor driven member is arranged to ride, each
3. An electromechanically controlled game according
of said tracks having a respective current supply
to claim 2, in which said housing is a rotatable drum
path, a randomly operating circuit controller for sup
having a plurality of contact pins projecting internally
plying track current over said paths to said tracks in
thereof, said freely falling metal contact members includ 65 random order and random combinations said controller
ing at least one metal ball inside the drum for free rolling
‘including a continuously rotating substantially closed
and dropping to engage said pins at random as the drum is
housing carrying internal contacts and a plurality of
rotated.
freely falling metal contact members, and means to main
4. An electromechanically controlled game according
tain said housing in continuous rotation and thereby to
to claim 2, in which said housing is a rotatable drum hav 70 cause said members freely to fall and bounce entirely
within said housing without any predetermined relation
ing a plurality of electric contacts on the interior face of
to said internal contacts and without any ?xed guides
the drum and disposed along the length of the drum, said
for said members during their falling motion, a start relay
freely falling metal contact members including at least one
which normally maintains said paths open, a plurality of
freely rollable and droppable metal ball within the drum,
and a motor for rotating said drum at a controllable 75 movable contacts disposed in aligned array at a selected
freely to fall and bounce entirely within said housing with
8,068,008
9
point and extending transversely of said tracks so as to
be respectively engaged by said movable members when
arriving at said point, a plurality of indicators for each
track, a plurality of control relays one for each indicator,
a ?nish relay, a start switch for operating said start relay,
a locking circuit for said start relay completed through
normally closed contacts of said ?nish relay, circuit con
nections e?ective when any of said movable members
engages a corresponding one of said movable contacts to
10
random order and in random combinations said controller
including a continuously rotating substantially closed
housing carrying internal contacts and a plurality of free
ly falling metal contacts members, and means to main
tain said housing in continuous rotation and thereby to
cause said members freely to fall and bounce entirely
within said housing without any predetermined relation
to said internal contacts and without any ?xed guides for
said members during their falling motion, a normally
release said start relay and to operate said ?nish relay, 10 closed starting gate extending across said tracks, a plu
and other circuit connections responsive to such engage
ment to operate a respective one of said control relays and
thereby to energize a corresponding one of said indicators.
10. An electromechanically controlled race simulating
game comprising a plurality of separate tracks upon each
of which a respective motor-driven member is arranged to
ride, each of said tracks having a respective current sup
ply path, a randomly operating circuit controller for sup
rality of ?nish contacts located one above each track
at the ?nish line, and means for automatically opening
said starting gate at the start of 1a race and for automatical
ly opening all said paths when any movable member
arrives at the ?nish ‘line.
12. An electromechanically controlled game according
to claim 11, in which each of said tracks is provided with
a respective control relay and ‘a respective indicator de
plying track current over said paths to said tracks in ran
vice, and circuit connections responsive to the operation
dom order and in random combinations said controller in 20 of any ?nish contacts to operate a corresponding one
cluding a continuously rotating substantially closed hous
of said control relays to energiez a corresponding one of
ing carrying internal contacts and a plurality of freely fall
said indicators.
ing metal contact members, and means to maintain said
13. An electromechanically controlled game according
housing in continuous rotation and thereby to cause said
to claim 12, in which each of said paths includes a start
members freely to fall and bounce entirely within said 25 relay, a manually operated switch for controlling .said
housing without any predetermined relation to said inter
start relay, and a manually operable reset switch for re
nal contacts and without any ?xed guides for said mem
leasing the said operated control relay and for deenergiz
bers during their falling motion, a normally closed starting
Six
ing the corresponding indicator device.
gate extending across all the tracks, an electromagnet for
14. An electromechanically controlled game according
controlling the opening and closing of said gate, a ?nish 30 to claim 13, in which additional circuit connections are
gate extending across said tracks and having a plurality of
provided under control of said reset switch for advanc
movable contact members one for each track and arranged
ing all said movable members from their stopped posi
to be engaged by a corresponding one of said movable
tion at the end of the race to bring them into line at the
members, a start relay, a ?nish relay, a manually operable
starting gate.
switch for operating said start relay and for locking said 35
15. An electromechanically controlled game according
start relay through the normally closed contacts of said
to claim 11, in which said circuit controller includes means
?nish relay and for simultaneously closing a circuit
for supplying during random intervals current of the same
through the said electromagnet to open said starting gate,
magnitude to all said tracks and for changing said track
normally open locking contacts for said electromagnet, a
current in impulses also at random intervals.
locking circuit for said electromagnet closed through the 40
normally closed contacts of said ?nish relay, a plurality
of indicators one for each track and arranged to be en
ergized when a corresponding one of said movable mem
bers reaches said ?nish gate, and means effective when any
of said movable members engages a corresponding one 45
of said movable contacts to release said start relay and
to close said starting gate, and other circuit connections
responsive to said engagement to energize a corresponding
one of said indicators.
11. An electromechanically controlled simulated rac
ing game comprising a plurality of separate tracks upon
each of which a respective motor driven member is ar
ranged to ride, each of said tracks having a current sup
ply path, a randomly operating circuit controller for sup
plying track current over said paths to said tracks in
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,430,903
1,447,363
1,707,859
2,188,619
2,339,063
2,358,604
2,637,845
2,665,914
2,671,662
2,679,398
2,751,227
2,827,296
Hood ________________ __ Oct. 3,
Tozier _______________ __ Mar. 6,
Johnson ______________ __ Apr. 2,
Bernhardt ____________ __ Jan. 30,
Deakin ______________ __ Jan. 11,
Stewart ______________ _- Sept. 19,
1922
1923
1929
1940
1944
1944
Craiglow _____________ __ May 5, 1953
1954
1954
1954
Nicolaus _____________ __ Jan. 12,
Carpenter et al. _______ __ Mar. 9,
Jameson _____________ __ May 25,
Seltzman _____________ __ June 19,
Walker ______________ __ Mar. 18,
1956
1958
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