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Патент USA US3068150

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Dec. 11, 1962
3,068,140
S. R. BIDDLE
METHOD OF MAKING PLASTIC IDENTIFICATION PLATES
Filed March 5, 1958
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INVENTOR.
STANLEY R. BIDDLE
Dec. 11, 1962
s. R. BJDDLE
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METHOD OF MAKING PLASTIC IDENTIFICATION PLATES
Filed March 3, 1958
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INVENTOR.
STANLEY R. BIDDLE
BY
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Dec. 11, 1962
3,068,140
S. R. BIDDLE
METHOD OF‘ MAKING PLASTIC IDENTIFICATION PLATES
Filed March 3, 1958
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SHIPPING DEPARTMENT
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INVENTOR.
STANLEY R. Bl DDL E
BY
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1
United States Patent 0 ice
1
3,068,140
Patented Dec. 11, 1962
2
method of manufacturing identi?cation devices which is ‘
3,068,140
inherently simple and economical and yet permits maxi
mum ?exibility in the makeup of the devices.
Other and further objects of the present invention will
be apparent from the following description and claims
and are illustrated in the accompanying drawings which,
by way of illustration, show preferred embodiments of
the present invention and the principles thereof and what
' METHOD OF MAKING PLASTIC IDENTIFICATION
PLATES
Stanley R. Biddle, Euclid, Ohio, assignor to Addresso
graph-Multigraph Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio, a
corporation of Delaware
Filed Mar. 3, 1958, Ser. No. 718,584
7 Claims. (Cl. 156—227)
is now considered to be the best mode for applying those
This invention relates to a new and improved method 10 principles. Other embodiments of the invention embody
of manufacturing or assembling individual identi?cation
devices which may be conveniently carried upon the per
ing the same or equivalent principles may be used and
structural changes may be made as desired by those
son of the user and which may, in some instances, be
skilled in the art without departing from the present
utilized as printing devices.
>
invention and the purview of the appended claims.
Plastic identi?cation plates have been utilized in a 15
FIG. 1 illustrates an early stage in the manufacture
number of different applications as a means for identify
of identi?cation devices in accordance with the inventive
ing different individuals for credit and other purposes.
method;
I
These identi?cation devices are extremely light in weight
FIG. 2 shows the core portion of the identi?cation
and may be made relatively thin and ?exible, thereby
device at a subsequent stage of manufacture;
'
affording a convenient identi?cation plate which may 20
FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view employed to
readily be carried upon the person of the individual
illustrate a subsequent stage of the manufacturing method;
requiring identi?cation. In some instances, moreover,
FIG. 4 illustrates the identi?cation device at a later
the plastic identi?cation device is embossed with type
stage of fabrication;
'
'
characters to provide a means for utilizing the identi?ca
FIG. 5 is a detail sectional view taken along line 5--5
tion device in the rapid and accurate preparation of rec 25 in FIG. 4;
'
ords relating to credit transactions or other transactions
FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view utilized in
requiring records. A preferred form of identi?cation
describing a modi?cation of the inventive method; >
device of this kind is described and claimed in the co
FIG. 7 shows the identi?cation device of FIG. 6 at a
pending application of Donald L. Erickson, Serial No.
subsequent stage of manufacture;
615,170, ?led October .10, 1956, now abandoned, and 30
FIG. 8 illustrates a complete identi?cation device fab
comprises a laminar plastic blank having an opaque core
ricated in accordance with the method of the invention;
with the necessary identi?cation data imprinted or other.
FIG. 9 is a sectional view taken along linev 9—9 in
wise inscribed thereon. This core is ‘covered with a
FIG. 7;
'
I
1
transparent plastic ?lm on, at least one side thereof, the
- FIG. 10 is a sectional view, taken along line 10--10
?lm being fused to the core under heat and pressure. 35 in FIG. 8, and is employed to illustrate a further modi
In the printing device described in the Erickson applica
tion, the laminar identi?cation device is embossed with
suitable type characters to afford a printing plate which
?cation of the invention; and
identi?cation device taken generally as indicated by line
may be utilized in conjunction with a hand operated 0
other printing machine.
.
1
.
FIG. 11 is a greatly enlarged sectional view of an
11-11 in FIG. 8.
40
The basic manufacturing method of the invention may
best be understood by reference to the several stages of
In the manufactureof identi?cation devices of the
kind described hereinabove, substantial difficulty may be
encountered in typing or otherwise inscribing speci?c
identi?cation data upon the core portions of the devices.
manufacture illustrated in FIGS. 1-5. The starting ma
terial for the identi?cation devices comprises a base‘ sheet
printing plate or other identi?cation card capable of With
standing use over a long period, the resulting thickness
provide for legibility of identi?cation data imprinted or
10 of plastic material. The base sheet 10 should be rela
If the core material is made relatively thick to afford a 45 tively thin and flexible and should be opaque in order to
otherwise inscribed upon both sides of an identi?cation
and stiffness of the core make it dit?cult to handle the
device as more fully described hereinafter. The plastic
core material in a conventional typewriter. On the other
50 from which the base sheet 10 is fabricated should be one
hand, if the core is made in two or more sections, the
which is dimensionally stable over a relatively wide range
sections thereof bearing data relating to a single indi
of temperatures; preferably, the plastic should exhibit
vidual and necessary for fabricating a complete identi
only minor dimensional variations over a temperature
?cation device may become separated from each other
range of the order of —-20° F to +150° F A sheet of
and may result in the fabrication of devices which do 55 vinyl chloride approximately six to ten thousands inch
not identify any individual correctly. This is particularly
'thick has been found to be suitable for this purpose, al
true in those instances where both sides of the identi?ca
though the invention is not limited to use of this particular
tion device carry data relating to a speci?c individual.
plastic material or to a critical thickness range.
The primary object of the invention, therefore, is a
As a preliminary step in the manufacture of identi?ca
new and improved method of manufacturing plastic 60 tion devices the base sheet 10 is punched or otherwise
identi?cation devices which greatly facilitates and sim
perforated as indicated by reference numeral 11 in FIG.
pli?es the manufacturing process.
-1 along the longitudinal center line thereof. The per
A more speci?c object of the invention is a new and‘
forated center line 11 is subsequently utilized to facilitate
improved method of manufacturing plastic identi?cation
folding of the base sheet as described more fully herein
devices which makes it possible to utilize a conventional 65 after. The perforations should extend for the full length
typewriter or other similar equipment in inscribing spe
of the base sheet, which is made equal to the total overall
ci?c identi?cation data upon the device.
height of a substantial number of identi?cation devices.
Another object of the invention is a new and improved
In the case of the base sheet 10, the total height of the
method of manufacturing‘ an identi?cation device, which
base sheet is large enough to provide for seven individual
greatly reduces the amount of handling necessary for 70 printing devices; this particular number is not critical,
‘fabrication of the device.
however, and may be varied as desired. Indeed, the base
_ - ' A further object of theinvention is a new and improved
sheet 10 may comprise a substantially continuous web
3,068,140
3
of plastic having a length great enough to provide for a
multiplicity of identi?cation devices if desired.
At an early stage of the manufacturing process, the
base sheet 10 is imprinted with general identi?cation data.
for both the obverse and the reverse sides of a plurality
4
?cation data. The folded segment is then covered with
transparent plastic material. Preferably, a pair of indi
vidual sheets 28 and 29 are disposed over the exposed
faces of the opposite sides 18 and 19, respectively, of the
identi?cation device. The plastic material from which
the transparent sheets 23 and 29 are fabricated must be
one which can be effectively fused to the plastic from
which the core or base portion 24 of the device is made.
Preferably, where vinyl chloride is employed as the core
of the perforated center line 11. Thus, the general identi
fication data for the obverse side of one device is printed 10 or base sheet material, the two sheets or ?lms 28 and 29
are also made from vinyl chloride. In at least one appli
in the area indicated by reference numeral 12 on the base
action vinyl chloride having a thickness of approximately
sheet 10 and the data relating to the reverse side of the
of identi?cation devices. Moreover, the data for the ob
verse and reverse sides of each device are disposed in
paired juxtaposed relation to each other on opposite sides
?ve mils has been found'to be satisfactory for this pur
pose, although the thickness is not critical.
typical‘ example, the base sheet 10 in FIG. 1 is imprinted 15 With the transparent sheets 28 and 29 in position on
the opposite sides of the core segents 24, all of the plastic
with general data identifying the name of a corporation
sheets are fused together under heat and pressure. Thus,
and its location and also imprinted with additional indicia
in a single operation the sheet 28 is fused to the face of
providing foridenti?cation of a particular person, although
the core segment portion‘ 18 and the transparent ?lm 29
speci?c data relating to a given person are not ?lled in at
this stage of fabrication. In some instances it may be 20 is fused to the exposed face of the portion 19. In. this
manner the individual sheets, including the two folded
desirable to‘imprint some of. the speci?c data along with
portions of the core. segment 24, are fused‘ together to
the general data; thus, a serial number 14 might well be
form the unitary protected identi?cation device 30, as
imprinted upon the base sheet 10 along with the general
illustrated in FIGS. 4- and 5.. At this stage of manufacture
data or immediately after the printing of the general data.
The particular format illustrated in FIG. 1 relates to 25 the identi?cation device is complete but is not particularly
suitable for carrying upon the person of an individual
identi?cation cards for a manufacturing plant in which
buyer-in a credit; identi?cation. system, or an employee or
individual employees may be restricted to given areas of
other party in other identi?cation systems. The relatively
operation and in which, for security purposes, a descrip
rough. edge 31 formed by folding the core along the per
tion of the employee is included on the identi?cation de
vice. Further complete general data sections for the ob 30 forated center line 111 makes the device. awkward and is
highly objectionable in many instances. It is a simple
verse side of the identi?cation devices are indicated” by
matter, however to trim the edges of the identi?cation
reference numerals 16 and 18, the- corresponding reverse
device‘ 30‘ to approximately correspond to the external
side data; being shown. in the area 17 and 19 of the sheet
outline. 32 of the identi?cation. data, thereby completing
10.
.
the manufacturing process.
After the general data: common to all of the identi?ca
Manual operations, in manufacturing the individual
tion devices have been imprinted upon the base sheet 10,
speci?c identi?cation: data concerning an individual em
identi?cationfdevices in. accordance with. the above de
scribed. method, are held to a minimum. Both sides‘ of
ployee are inscribed upon the sheet. Thus, data relating
to the place and date of birth, the height, the weight and
the identi?cation devicev are completed while the core por
same device is printed on portion 13 of the sheet imme
diately across the center line 11 from the area 12. As a
other characteristics of an employee may be typed or
tion or base sheet 10 is relatively‘ thin and flexible‘ and can
be handled in an. ordinary typewriter or in inexpensive
otherwise» inscribed upon. th obverse-side area 18 of the
sheet as generally indicated by the reference numeral 20.;
printing machines. There is virtually no possibility that
two halves of a single identi?cation device will become
In- addition, the employee may be asked to signthe sheet
separated from each other, since both the obverse and
as indicated by reference numeral 21 and the plant area
to- which he is permitted access may be indicated by suit. 45 reverse faces are, imprinted upon one side of a single sheet
able means such as by marking out certain portions 22
of material. The completed fused laminar identi?cation
of the area-identi?cation portion 23 of the sheet. In
device is‘ sturdy and can withstand extended periods of
use; on the-other‘ hand, the device is extremely light in
some instances, however, it may be desirable to defer the
weight and. ?exible and may be made thin enough for
typing or writing of the speci?c identi?cation data upon
the base sheet until a subsequent stage in the fabricating 50 convenient carrying in a wallet. Each device is quickly
process; this is particularly true wtht respect to the signa
and conveniently inscribed. with data speci?c to an indi
vidual person by'a method which. retains the best features
ture 21.
of‘. mass manufactureiof the devices.
After the general identi?cation data have been, im
FIG. 6 illustrates a modi?cation of the manufacturing
printed upon the base sheet 10, and preferably after typ
procedure which may be followed where‘ it is desired to
ing of speci?c identi?cation data thereon, the base sheet
incorporate a photograph or. other separate identi?cation
is cut into individual pieces. Thus there is separated from
article in the complete identi?cation device. The basic
the base sheet 10 an identi?cation device segment 24
material employed is the same and the initial steps of
comprising the obverse-side portion 18 and the correspond
ing. reverse-side portion 19. This stage of the manufac
turing method is illustrated in FIG. 2, in. which the identi
?cation device segment. 24 is shown severed completely
manufacturing may also be the same as described here
from the base sheet 10. In many instances, it is most
convenient to have the employee or other individual who
is to use the identi?cation device apply the signature 21
thereto at this stage of manufacture. Moreover, under
base sheet or core 34, complete with all identi?cation
data, is folded upon itself to place the observe side 35
in back-to-back relation with respect to the reverse side
some circumstances it may also be desirable to type,
write, or otherwise inscribe the speci?c identi?cation data
20 and 22 upon the device at this stage of manufacture.
After all of the necessary identi?cation data have been
inabove in connection with FIGS. 1-5. Thus, in the view
of- FIG. 6 which corresponds with FIG. 3, the imprinted
36. In this instance, however, and preferably before the
base sheet segment 34 is folded, an aperture 37 is punched
or cut in the observe side portion 35 of the base sheet.
This aperture 37 corresponds in dimensions to a photo
graph or other identi?cation article 38.
Subsequently, the photograph 38 is disposed in the aper
applied to the device, ‘and after the segment 24 has been 70
ture 37 and the two transparent covered sheets 39 and
cut from the‘ original‘ multiple-device sheet, the individual
segment is folded along the center line 11 as indicated in
40 are placed over the exposed faces of the folded base
sheet segment 34. Thereafter, the entire groupof lami
nations isfused together under heat. and pressure to form
in back-to-back relation, thereby exposing all of the identi 75 the unitary identi?cation device 42 illustrated'in FIG. 7.
'FIG; 3. In folding the identi?cation device segment, the
obverse and reverse side portions 18 and'19 are disposed
5
3,968,449.
6
identi?cation device indivisible along the planes of fusion.
FIG. 9 affords a sectional view of the device 42 and illus
trates the positioning of the photograph 3-8 Within the
aperture in the obverse side portion 35 of the core of the
comprising the following steps: imprinting one side only
identi?cation device.
of a thin opaque base sheet of thermoplastic material
2. The method of assembling an identi?cation device
As indicated in FIG. 9, the mounting of the photograph
having a perforated center line with general identi?cation
data on opposite sides of the center line for the obverse
38 within an aperture in a central portion or core of the
identi?cation device prevents any bulging or irregularity
in the surface contour of the device. Although this may
be a desirable feature in those instances where appear
ance is a particularly important factor, it is by no means
essential to the manufacture of practical and effective
identi?cation devices. This is particularly true where the
photograph or other similar article is relatively thin;
Thus, and as illustrated in FIGS. 8 and 10, a photograph
and reverse sides of a plurality of identi?cation devices,
that data for the obverse and reverse sides of each device
10.
thermoplastic material over the opposite sides , of the
simply by locating the photograph between the face por
tion 45 of the device and the covering transparent plastic‘
sheet 46. When the covering ?lm or sheet is fused to
44 is effectively entrappedibetween the two and remains
permanently located in the desired position in the iden
ti?cation device 47. Although a very slight bulge may be
formed in the surface of the device 47, it is usually not
noticeable; indeed, if the fusing pressure is relatively high
no perceptible bulge may be formed.
As pointed out hereinabove, in many instances it may
be desirable to utilize the identi?cation device in printing
credit records or other transaction records. When this
is the case, ‘speci?c identi?cation data such as indicated by
reference numeral 50 in FIGS. 8 and 11 may be embossed
in the identi?cation device; The embossed data__50 ‘makes
it possible to employ the identi?cation device as a print
ing plate in a conventionalrhand operated or other print
sheet a plurality of two-part identi?cation-device segments
each comprising said general data; folding an identi?ca
tion device segment along said center line to dispose thev ob
verse and reverse side portions thereof in back-to-backre
lation; disposing sheets of substantially transparent
44 ‘may be incorporated in an identi?cation device 47
constructed in accordance with the inventive method
the obversive side portion’ of the base sheet, the photograph
being disposed in paired juxtaposed relation to each other
on opposite sides of said center line; separating from said
29
folded segment; and fusing the transparent thermoplastic
sheets and the two portions of said segment all together
under heat and pressure to form a protected unitary identi
?cation device indivisible along the planes of fusion,
_'
3. The method of assembling an identi?cation device
comprising the following steps: imprinting one. side only
of a thin opaque base sheet of thermoplastic with general
identi?cation data for the obverse and reverse sides of a
plurality of identi?cation devices, the data for the obverse
and reverse sides of each device being disposed in paired
juxtaposed relation to each other; cutting said sheet into a
plurality of corresponding videnti?cation-device segments
each comprising an obverse-side portion and a correspond-1
.39 ing portion bearing reverse-side data;_'folding each of said
identi?cation-device segments to dispose the obverse and
reverse side portions thereof in back-to-back relation; dis"
posing sheets 'of'substantially transparent thermoplastic
over the exposed opposite sides of each of said segments;
ing machine, thereby greatly facilitating the preparation
35 and fusing the transparent thermoplastic sheets and the
of numerous kinds of records. Thus, the identi?cation
device may be employed in the preparation of sales rec
ords in a credit veri?cation system, may be utilized in
checking out books from a library (as described in detail
in the aforementioned Erickson application, Serial No.
615,170), in checking out tools from a tool room and in
other applications. It will, of course, be recognized that
in many instances, and as illustrated by the identi?cation
two portions of each of said segments together under heat
and pressure to form a plurality of protected unitary iden
ti?cation devices indivisible along the planes of fusion.
4. The method of manufacturing an identi?cation de
vice comprising the following steps: imprinting one side
only of a thin opaque base sheet of thermoplastic material
with general identi?cation data for the obverse and re
verse side portions of a plurality of identi?cation devices,
the data for the obverse and reverse side portions of each
device 47, it is desirable to type or otherwise inscribe
some of the speci?c identi?cation data upon the device 45 device being disposed in transverse paired juxtaposed re
and to emboss other portions of the data into the device,
depending upon the record-keeping requirements of the
particular application in which the device is employed.
Hence, while the preferred embodiment of the inven
lation to each other; separating from said sheet a plurality
of identi?cation-device segments comprising said obverse
portion and the corresponding reverse portion; folding
said identi?cation-device segment to dispose the obverse
tion has been illustrated and described, it is to be under 50 and reverse side portions thereof in back-to-back relation;
and fusing a sheet of substantially transparent thermo
plastic material onto the obverse and reverse side portion
of said segment and simultaneously fusing the two por
details set forth, but desire to avail myself of such changes
tions of said segment together under heat and pressure to
and alterations as fall within the purview of the follow
ing claims.
'
55 form a protected unitary identi?cation device indivisible
along the planes of fusion.
I claim:
5. The method of manufacturing an identi?cation de
1. The method of assembling an identi?cation device
stood that this is capable of variation and modi?cation,
and I therefore do not wish to be limited to the precise
comprising the following steps: imprinting one side only
vice comprising the following steps: imprinting one side
of a thin opaque base sheet of thermoplastic material in
only of a thin opaque base sheet of thermoplastic ma
parallel columns with general identi?cation data respec 60 terial With general identi?cation data for the obverse and
tively in individual columns for the obverse and reverse
sides of a plurality of identi?cation devices, the data for
the obverse and reverse sides of each device being dis
reverse sides of a plurality of identi?cation devices, the
data [for the obverse and reverse sides of each device
being disposed in paired juxtaposed relation to each
other; inscribing speci?c identi?cation data upon the por
posed in transverse paired juxtaposed relation to each
other; separating from said sheet a plurality of two-part 65 tion of said sheet bearing the obverse-side general data
for one of said devices; separating from said sheet an
identi?cation-device segments each comprising left and
identi?cation-device segment comprising said inscribed
right hand portions bearing both obverse-side and reverse
portion and the corresponding portion bearing reverse
side general data; arranging each of said identi?cation
side general data; cutting out a portion in the sheet bear
device segments to dispose the obverse and reverse side
portions thereof in back-to-back relation; fusing covering 70 ing the obverse-side general data; folding said identi?ca
sheets of substantially transparent thermoplastic material
tion-device segment to dispose the obverse and reverse
onto the obverse and reverse side portions of each portion
side portions thereof in back-to-back relation; mounting
of each of said segments and simultaneously fusing the
a photograph within said cut-out portion; disposing sheets
two portions included in each of said segments together
of substantially transparent thermoplastic over the oppo
under heat and pressure to form a protected unitary
site sides of said folded segment; and fusing the trans
3,068,140
8
of said segment all together under heat and pressure to
identi?cation-device segment comprising said inscribed
portion and the corresponding portion bearing reverse
form a protected unitary identi?cation device, indivisible
along the planes of fusion, with said photograph encap
ing the obverse-side general data; ‘folding said identi?ca
parent thermoplastic material sheets and the two portions
sulated therein.
6. The method of assembling an identi?cation device
from an opaque thermoplastic material base sheet im
side general data; cutting out a portion in the sheet bear
tion-device segment to dispose the obverse and reverse
side portions thereof in back-to-back relation; mounting
a photograph within said cut-out portion; disposing sheets
of substantially transparent thermoplastic material upon
the opposite sides of the folded segment, and simul
of each device being disposed. in paired juxtaposed rela 10 taneously fusing the transparent sheets and the two por
tions of said segment all together under heat and pres
tion to each other on opposite sides of a perforated center
sure to form a protected unitary identi?cation device
line,‘ said method comprising the following, steps: sepa
indivisible along the planes of fusion.
rating from said sheet an identi?cation~device segment
comprisingportions bearing both observe-side and reverse
side general data; folding, said identi?cation-device seg
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
ment to dispose the obverse and reverse side portions
UNITED STATES PATENTS
thereof in back-to-back relation; and fusing, a sheet of
1,034,600
Elliot ________________ __ Aug. 6, 1912
substantially transparent thermoplastic material onto the
1,257,541
Sillcocks' _____________ __ Feb. 26, 1918
obverse and reverse side, portions of said segment and
Elliot _______________ __ Jan. 8, 1924
simultaneously- fusing the two portions of said segment 20 1,480,200
printed. with general identi?cation data for a number of
such devices, the data for the obverse and reverse sides
together under heat and pressure to form‘ a protected. uni
tary identi?cation device indivisible along the planes of
fusion.
7. The method of assembling, an identi?cation device
from an‘ opaque thermoplastic material, base sheet im
printed‘ with general identi?cation data. for a. number of
such devices, the data. for the obverse and. reverse sides
of each device being disposed in paired juxtaposed rela
tion to each other on opposite sides of a center line of
weakened union, said method comprising the following
steps: inscribing speci?c identi?cation data upon the por
tion of said sheet. bearing the obverse-side general data
for one of. said devices; separating from: said sheet an
1,502,137
1,872,130
2,274,488‘
2,294,465
2,361,670
2,520,077.
2,537,732
2,588,067
2,645,1782,671,678‘
2,780,015
2,802,418
De Foreest et al _______ __ July 22,
Elliot _______________ __ Aug. 16,
Kut‘cher _____________ __ Feb. 24,
Lasker ________________ .__ Sept. l‘,
Whitehead __________ 0. Oct. 31,
Wolowitz _____________ _- Aug. 22,
Angus ________________ M Jan. 9,
Whitehead’ ___________ __ Mar. 4,
Brainardieti al'. ________ __ July 14,
Walsh _______________ -_ Mar. 9,
Whitehead ____________ -_ Feb. 5,
Carver- etal. __________ __ Aug. 13,
1924
1932
1942
1942
1944
1950
1951'
1952
1,953
1954'
1957’
1.957
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