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Патент USA US3068800

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Dec. 18, 1962
c. E. SPECKER
3,063,790
DEVICE FOR ‘HOLDING AND LOCKING A PLURALITY 0F PRINTING TYPES
Filed March 2, 1960
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INVENTOR
(Aer/e5 Emi/ 5f 2 c Her
BY
M6
1
3,068,790
B?bd?ihll
Patented Dec. 18, 1962
2
plate, etc., enclosed by retaining bars and held upon the
base by means of permanent magnetic sticks.
Generally, it will be seen that the present invention
DEVHCE FUR HQLDING AND LGCKING A
PLURALITY (2F PRINTING TYPES
provides for the matter to be enclosed ‘by retaining bars
Charles Emil Speaker, Schlossliweg 5, Zurich, Switzerland
Filed Mar. 2, 1966, Ser. No. 12,389
5 Claims. (Cl. 101-394)
on an iron base and locked by means of permanent
magnetic sticks. A combination of an iron base or sup
The present invention relates to a device for holding
port of other ferromagnetic material, matter retaining
bars and permanent magnetic locking sticks is employed
as a means to hold the matter together and in a prede
together and locking printing type and, more particu
termined
position on the base.
10
larly, to a galley lock for locking such printing type
Every matter has associated therewith sticks formed
in composition form.
of lead or type metal or even a light alloy which are
According to conventional practice the set-up type
standardized in respect to length and thickness and are
(lines or individual letters) have been slipped from the
designed to enclose the matter. Permanent magnets can
composing galley to the printing plate of a proo?ng
hold these retaining sticks in position. These sticks
press for the purpose of producing proofsheets. To ac 15 may, however, also be designed as permanent magnet bars
complish this, the matter has to be bound by a page
and be provided, depending upon their length, with one
string, i.e. held together so that it will not fall apart.
or several permanent magnets. Their length is advan
This time-consuming manual work or tying up, which
tageously standardized for one or several column widths.
equires considerable practice, is also required if matter
Referring now more speci?cally to the drawing, it
is to be made up after printing and placed, entirely or
will be seen that the permanent magnetic locking means
in portions, on galleys, imposing surfaces or form plates
shown in FIG. 1 possesses the shape of a standardized
for storage.
retaining bar. Permanent magnetic portion 1 is shown
vSpecial composing galleys have become known in the
to be centrally extending and embedded between two
art, which are equipped with a comparatively costly
soft-‘iron plates 2.
.
,
25
mechanical device, forcing the matter to the side walls
Permanent magnetic portion 1 is of substantially
of the composing galley in two directions, by means of
quadratic uniform cross-section and consequently the side
mechanical pressure so that tying up of the matter may
faces 1a thereof are parallel to each other. It is to be
be dispensed with and that proofs may be pulled in to
noted that the side faces 1a present even surfaces which
the proo?ng press while the type is located on the com
may be obtained by a grinding or like machining opera
posing galley. However, for storing, the matter, par 30 tion. The polarity of portion 1 is not as in conventional
ticularly for storing individual portions, the latter still
must be tied up.
a The device described above is, consequently, still too
costly for its particular purpose in order to be employed
more widely in smaller printing shops, also.
It is, consequently, an object of the present invention
to facilitate the holding together and locking of print
ing type in composition form.
A further object of the present invention is the pro
vision of means for reliably holding together and lock
ing printing matter which are of simple construction
and which, consequently, require only small investments.
Still another object of the present invention is the
provision of permanent magnet means of a construction
magnets of this shape in longitudinal extension thereof
but transversely to the longitudinal axis, in that it is
magnetized in the direction of arrows S—N perpendicular
to the side faces 1a. Consequently, opposed polarities
will be set up in the rectangular soft-iron plates 2,
which with their inner side faces 2:: are in intimate con
tact with the side faces la of portion 1. This intimate
contact may be established or maintained by bolts 29
extending through transverse bores 1c in portion 1 and
secured to plates 2 by riveting as indicated at 21. At
the same time bolts 2ft prevent any sliding displacement
between plates 2 and portion 1, so as to hold the latter
in a predetermined relation with respect to portion 1.
As will be seen more clearly from FIG. 1a, the height
and con?guration particularly suitable to the holding and 45 of the plates 2 corresponds to the height of the lead 3a
locking of printing type forms and groups of printing
which is lower than the height of the type 3b. On the
types on a base plate or galley.
Still a further object of the present invention is to
provide permanent magnetic locking means for holding
printing forms on a galley and including bar or stick
lower or base surface 1b of portion 1 the soft-iron plates
2 project beyond the magnet by a predetermined amount,
e.g. about 11/2 or 2
so as to space surface 1b from
members providing for a magnetic ?ow transversely with
respect to their extension when arranged on said galley.
Another object of the present invention is the provision
of galley lock means for magnetically holding and lock
base plate 9.
It will be understood that with the arrangement of the
soft-iron plates 2 relative to the magnetic portion 1 de
ing printing type or matter on a base plate or galley
when arranged in a selected form, in a simple yet re
plates constituting the legs thereof. Consequently, when
the stick is placed onto the base plate 9, the latter being
liable manner.
formed of iron or other ferromagnetic material, a mag
These and other objects of the present invention will
become better apparent from the following description,
when taken in connection with the accompanying draw
ing, in which:
‘FIG. 1 shows stick-shaped permanent magnetic locking
scribed a “horse-shoe”-type cross-section will be formed
in the stick, the projecting portions of the soft-iron
netic circuit between the legs of the soft-iron plates 2
60 will be closed over the base plate over the full longi
tudinal extension of the soft-iron plates. Consequently,
the stick will be attracted or held to the base plate
with great force and it will also resist a lateral displace
ment or turning movement on the base plate. Thus
accordance with the invention,
the stick will form a stop member preventing displace
65
FIG. la is a cross-section along line la-Ia in FIG. 2
ment of the ledge member or bar 6 holding or enclosing
and showing an application of the locking means accord
the type 3.
ing to the invention to a type galley,
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that
FIG. 2 is a composing galley with the printing matter
means for holding printing type on a galley or base in
the material of the permanent magnetic portion 1 may
locked by means of permanent magnetic sticks of the
be of any suitable magnetizeable type, such as a ferro
70
type shown in FIG. 1,
magnetic alloy or a sintered material of ferromagnetic
FIG. 3 shows letterpress matter on a suitable iron
properties.
base, such as an imposing surface, machine bed, form
3,068,790
'
4
a}
On the top surface of the sticks, the poles may ‘be
marked by the letters N and S in order to simplify with
drawal of the stick ‘from the iron support by means of
of said central portion, said lateral portions resting on
said base plate and supporting between them said cen
tral portion in spaced relation with respect to said base
plate, said central portion being magnetized in a trans
verse direction throughout the length thereof and form
an auin'liary magnet.
Vertical removal of a permanent magnet from the
iron base requires considerable eiTort and may cause
the matter to be displaced and mixed up when it is
ing in said lateral portions poles of opposed polarity,
to thereby magnetically secure said side wall means in
suddenly ‘released. The magnets must therefore be
slipped to the edge of the iron base so that they can
be removed, therefrom Without effort. This is notal
contact with said printing types and lock the latter: in '
position on said base plate.
Ways possible and it is therefore, avoided. in order to
do so, a second magnet of the same size is providedi
rality of printing types enclosed by side retaining walls
It enables the magnets resting on the iron base to be
withdrawn without difficulty if the second magnet is
on a ?at surface of a base plate formed of ferromagnetic
material to expose at least some ofisaid side retaining.
walls, thereafter applying magnetic locking means to each
of said exposed side retaining walls at a point remote
from the edges of said side retaining Walls and also to
said flat surface ‘of said base plate‘ in the region adjacent
applied to the ?rst one so that corresponding poles are
in register.
This breaks the magnetic ?eld and the
magnet resting on the support can easily be lifted off.
Subsequently, the two magnets vcan be separated by
. grasping and laterally turning them relatively to one an
said sideretaining walls to releasably. secure'said ~print~
ing types in a predetermined position on said'base plate.
other by about 90°.
In the composing galley 3 (FIG. 2) the matter rests
against the two raised marginal side walls~4 and 4a.
The matter 3 is held together by means of retaining
4. A method of holding andrretaining printing types"
on a‘ba‘seplate; comprising the steps of placing'a plu
' rality of printing types enclosed by side'retaining walls‘
on a ?at ‘surface of a" base plate formed of ferromagnetic
material and remote from the edges of said base plate
"sticks 6 and 7 and kept in position by means of mag
nets 8, which engage the galley sides and hold themselves
in place on the base plate. If'the set-up type matter
is small, one, magnet on each side will sut?ce.
a to completely expose said side retaining walls, there
after applying magnetic locking means to each of said
, FIG. 3 shows the matter on a plate 9 without raised
' exposed side retaining walls and to said ?at surface of '
edges, by way of example an imposing surface, a ma
chine table or a form plate covered with sheet iron;
The matter 5 is held together by'retaining sticks 10,
each’ of the sticks having a magnet 8 associated there'
with.
‘
'
.
3. A method of holding and retaining printing types
on a base‘ plate, comprising the steps of placing a plu
said base‘ plate in the region adjacent said side retaining '
walls’ to releasably secure said printing types‘in any pre-,
determined position on said base plate.
'
5. A method of holding and retaining printing types‘ I
'
on a‘ base plate, comprising the steps of placing a plurality' .
Various changes and modi?cations may bemade with
out departing from the spirit and scope of the present
invention and it is'intended that such obvious changes
andimodi?cations be embraced by the annexed claims.
Having thus described'the invention, what is claimed
of, printing types enclosed by side retaining walls on a
?at surface of a base plate formed of ferromagnetic
material‘ and‘ remote» from ‘the edges of said base ‘plate
to completelyexpos'e'said side retaining walls, thereafter;
applying magnetic locking means magnetized'in a trans- ~
as new and'desired to be secured by Letters Patent, is:
verse direction with respect to the'length thereof to each
‘l. A device for holding and'locking' a plurality of 40 ofisaid exposed‘ side retaining walls and to said ?at sur-;
printing types, comprising a base plate having ferro
face ofv said base plate in the region adjacent said, side.
magnetic properties for supporting said printing types,
retaining walls, thereby releasably securing said printing
a‘ plurality of sidewall means arranged on said base,
types‘ in any, predetermined position on said base plate‘.
plate; at least one of said side wall means being- freely
due to a series of continuous transversely directed mag
movable thereon for surrounding said printing types and 45 netic ?ux paths extending the'length of said magnetic‘.
engaging the’ latter when supported on said base plate,‘
locking means and through‘ said base plate to thus mag
said’movable side wallvmeans including bar-shaped per= 9
n'etically link the respective magnetic locking means onlyj'
manent magnetic means seated on said base plate and" to saidL side retaining walls’ and the region of'said base
each engaging only one ofrsaid ,side wall means for
plate adjacent said side retaining walls.
, maintaining the latter in engagement with said printing 50
types due ‘to magnetic- attraction between said base plate
andrsaid magnetic means.
9
References-Cited in’ the file‘ of this patent’
'
2. A device for holding and locking in position print
ing types arranged in rectangular form on a base plate’
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,72's;110j
having ferromagnetic properties, the improvement com— prising a plurality of elongated side wall means resting
on said base plate, each of said side wall means ex-
7
tending along and in contact with one side of said print
ingrtypes, and magnetic bar means extending parallel .
to andin ‘abutting relation'with said side wall means on
said base plate, said‘magnetic. bar means including a
centrally extending bar-shaped permanent'magnetic por-'
"tion and two lateral portions extending ‘on opposite sides
Lenouvel at al. _'___,______> Aug‘. .27,‘ 1929
2,216,293,
Knight _____~__-____' ‘I
2,768,829
Griglak _______ __
_ ,ocz. 1,;1940 ,
2,793,739
Gallery __-_____~___x_~_"_~__r May 23, 1957,
2,942,544
VWilliams _____' ____ __-___ Jim 28. 1960' .
-7 Oct. 30, 1956
7
60
FOREIGN PATENTS
596,749
'
lFrai'ice '____s__>__,__f_____ Aug. '14, 19251
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