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Патент USA US3069130

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Dec. 18, 1962
E. T. ELFGREN
WIRE WALL CONSTRUCTION
`3,069,120
Dec. 18, 1962
E. T. ELFGREN
l
Filed Jan. 26, 1959
3,069,120
WIRE WALL CONSTÈUCTION
2 sheets-sheet 2
INVENTOR.
ERNEST 1'. ELFGREN
Elite States Patent ffice
3,969,12‘)
Patented Dec. 18, 1962
1
2
3,069,120
nector wires of which three are shown at 12 in FIGURE l.
Each connector wire 12 has a connection portion 16
adjacent but spaced from one end 18 thereof. The con
WIRE WALL CONSTRUCTION
Ernest T. Elfgren, Tumbleweed Bldg., Berwyn, Nebr.
Filed Jan. 26, 1959, Ser. No. 788,931
8 Claims. (Cl. 245---1)
nection portions 16 are offset from the remainder of the
wires 12 respectively for a purpose later described.
The panel 1t) also has at least two transverse wires 19
This invention relates to wircpanel connections and
extending transversely to the connector wires 12 and pref
more particularly it is an object of this invention to pro
erably at a right angle thereto. Two of the transverse
vide a wire panel connection assembly the panels of which
wires 19, as indicated by the letters A and B are disposed
are connected with great' strength, simplicity and economy. 10 one on each side of the central part 2li of each offset
A further object of the invention is to provide a con
connection portion 16. Each of the transverse wires A
struction for connecting together wire panels which are
and B is attached to the connector wires 12 by suitable
disposed in end-to-end alignment in the same plane, panels
means such as welding 26 on each side of the central
which are disposed end-to-end at a right angle to each
part Ztl of the offset connection portion 16. It is pre
other and panels which are disposed at a right angle to
ferred although it is not critical that the transverse wires
each other in which a first panel meets a second panel in
A and B be disposed inside of the connection portion 16.
the middle, in each of which alternate configurations cer
The wire panel connection also has a second panel gen- `
tain oli-set portions of one of the panels are used to hook
erally indicated at 3b which has at least two spaced pri
about and firmly hold wires of the other panel.
mary wires 32 extending in approximately the same direc
A further object is to provide a connection assembly
tion as each other and also the second panel has spaced
wherein a first and a second wire panel are disposed with
secondary wires 36 extending transversely to the primary
their ends overlapped and bound together by a connec
wiresl 32; the primary and secondary wires 32 and 36 are
tion member or in another sense by a special and third
preferably disposed at a right angle to each other and are
connection panel of relatively narrow shape and provided
suitably connected together such as by means of welding
with off-set portions hooking about wire of each of the
d@ at their intersections. The first and second panels It)
first and second panels for binding the first and second
and Ztl are placed in engagement with each other with the
panels firmly together.
connector wires l2 disposed parallel to and closely adja
cent to the primary wires 32 of the second panel.
A further object is to provide a wire connection which
is adapted to firmly attached a first wire panel to a rigid
structural member such as a studding in which the con
nection is made by a second wire panel bent around the
studding and provided with ends having off-set hooking
portions hooked about the first panel.
Other and further objects and advantages of the pres
ent invention will be apparent from the following detailed
description, drawings and claims, the scope of the inven
tion not being limited to the drawings themselves as the
drawings are only for the purpose of illustrating a way in
which the principles of this invention can be applied.
' Other embodiments of the invention utilizing the same
or equivalent principles may be used and structural
chan es may be made as desired by those skilled in the
art without departing from the present invention and the
30
It is to be understood that the connector wires 12 are
approximately straight throughout the majority of their
lengths and with the exception of the offset connection
portion le; and also that the transverse wires 19 and the
primary secondary wires 32 and 36 of the second panel
294i are all straight wires whereby the panels ltl and 30
each lic in a plane.
When the two panels are placed alongside each other
they Iare preferably overlapped as shown in FIGURE l
and the spacing apart of the secondary wires 36 of the
second panel 30 is preferably such that they can be dis
posed one on each side of the pair of'wires A and B of
the first panel Ill.
The connection is then made by permit-ting the panels
bly for connecting two aligned wall panels.
to engage each other and by permitting the offset connec
tion portion 16 of the connector wires 12 to extend be
tween the secondary wires 36 of the second panel 3i) and
to lap across the top side of each of the primary wires 32
of the second panel 3l), the outer ends of the connection
FÃGURE 2 is a view-in-section taken along the lines
of 2-2 of FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 3 is a connection assembly for connecting two
aligned wall panels by use of a third or connector panel,
portions 16 each being bent back toward the first panel
10 whereby each connection portion forms a hook, as
seen in end view in FIGURE 2, whereby they hook the
panels together since they each extend across the top and
purview of the appended claims.
In the drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a frontal elevation of a connection assem
bottom, or in other words two offset sides of each of the
primary wires 32 of the second panel Sil.
Referring again to FIGURE 1, it will be seen that the,
FIGURE 4 is a view«in-section taken along the lines 55
connector wires 12 of the first panel are relatively straight
4_4 of FIGURE 3.
except for the offset connection portions 16 and also it
FIGURE 5 is a frontal elevation of a third modification
will be seen that those portions 44 of the connector wires
in which the new connection principle is used to attach
12 which are disposed at the terminal ends of the con
a studding to a wall panelwith the aid of a wire attach
ment member extending around the studding and attach 60 nector wires 12 are disposed on the opposite side of the
respective secondary wire 36 from the side of the second
ing it to the wall.
panel 3@ across which the connection portions 16 are
FtGURE 6 is a plan view of the construction shown in
hooked.
FIGURE 5, the studding being shown in cross section as
Referring to FIGURE 3, we see a modification of the
would be seen from the top of FIGURE 5 .
FIGURE 7 is a view~ln-section taken along the lines 65 invention in which a different wav is provided for connect
'ing two wall panels. ln FIGURE 3 there are two wall
of FIGURE 5.
panels, D and E connected by a connection panel F.
FIGURE S is a fourth modification of the invention in
The panels D and E are preferably parallel and over
which twopanels at a right angle to each other are at
tached by means of my connection principle.
1 lapped and each lie in a plane although this planar con
Referring to FIGURE l, it will be seen that‘the wire
struction is not necessary to the inventive principle cle
panel connection assembly there shown has a first panel 70 scribed in FIGURE 3.
generally indicated at iti having at least two spaced con
The first panel D has at least two spaced primary wires
FIGURE 3 being a modification or other use of my new
connection principle.
3,0 @9,120
4
3
ience of terminology and similarity to the connector panels
of other moditications although actually its shape is much
different.
‘S9 extending in approximately the same direction and
preferably disposed in parallelism and also has spaced
secondary wires S2 which are disposed transversely to the
The panel H has connector wires 120 which are pref
primary wires 50 and which are connected thereto at their
point of intersection by suitable means such as welding SS.
The panels D and E are overlapped and are disposed
erably disposed in approximate parallelism with each
in engagement with each other.
when the studding I is vertical or horizontally when the
other and which are spaced apart preferably vertically
studding I is horizontal.
The panel E also has criss-cross wires comprising pri
mary wires 69 which preferably extend parallel to the pri
mary wires 52 of panel D and which are preferably in
parallelism. The panel E also includes secondary wires
62 which are disposed transversely to the primary wires
662 of panel E and preferably to the right angle thereto
The connector panel H has a plurality of transverse
wires 122 extending transversely to the wires 120 and
preferably at a right angle thereto. The transverse wires
122 are connected to the connector wires 120 by suitable
means such as by welding 126 and the transverse wires
122 are spaced apart along the connector wires 120 with
two of the transverse wires 122 preferably disposed on and
connected to the wires 120. Two others of the trans
and which are connected thereto by suitable means such
as welding at 70.
The primary wires 60 and secondary wires 62 of panel
verse wires 122 are preferably disposed closely adjacent
to and preferably engaging a rearward or studding I side
of the panel G.
E are preferably each two or more in number and it will
be understood that normally they will be used with very
large panels of which only a minute part are shown in
20
FIGURE 3.
A third or connector panel F is disposed against the
backside of the panel D which is the offset side of the
panel D from that side on which the panel E is disposed.
The panel F comprises a plurality of connector wires 80
which later are spaced apart and in arrangement in ap
proximate parallelism with each other, and are of ser
pentine shape having connector portions 82 which are dis
posed offset downwardly from uppermost parts of the
connector wires 80, the uppermost parts of the wire 80
Each end of the connector panel H further has a trans
verse wire 122 located at a point spaced outwardly from
the studding I from the last described transverse wire 122
a substantial distance.
These last two transverse wires 122 can be called wires
x and y and they are spaced apart a substantial distance
for accommodating a hook-like connection portion 130 of
the connector panel therebetween.
Each connection wire 112 extends forwardly between
the studding I and the transverse Wire x extends across
comprising end parts 84 and a central part 86. The 30 the top of a primary wire 100 of the panel G, then ex
tends downwardly in a hook-like connection portion 130
lcentral part 86 connects the upper ends of each of two
spaced apart downwardly depending hook-like connector
portions 82. The connector portions 82 each extend
from an upper end part 84 downwardly and then back
upwardly to the central part 86.
The connector panel F further has transverse wires 88
which is of V or U shape as seen in frontal elevation with
its other end extending to and joining a terminal end por
tion 136 of the respective connector wire 112 which latter
has the respective transverse wire y connected to it on its
inner side which is the side adjacent the studding I.
The low end of each hook-like connection portion 130
which latter are preferably three in number. It will be
seen that two can be used effectively in cooperation with
one hook or connection portion 8'2 although three are
is bent toward the transverse or vertical wires x and y
that the panel F be on one side of the two panels D and
URE 6.
sufficiently to underlap the respective primary wire 10b
preferred used with two hook-like connection portions 82. 40 of the panel G and the hook-like connector portions 130
bind tightly against the members 136 of the panel G for
The panels D, E and F are arranged in that order with
rmly drawing the panel G up against the studding I to
the panel D in the center although the order of the panels
form a strong unitary structure as been seen in FIG
D and E is not important. It is important, however,
E whereby its hook-like connector portions 82 extend
across the `tops of primary wires 50 of the panel D and
downwardly across the wires Sli and also across wires
62 of the panel E which latter are disposed alongside of,
touching and immediately beneath the wires 50. The
connector portions 82 are hook-shaped, as seen in end
Referring to FIGURE 8 we see a fourth modification of
the invention in which similar principles are used to attach
two wall sections disposed in planes at a right angle to
each other.
A first wall section generally indicated at K in FIG
URE 8 has a central portion extending from numeral 150
to numeral 152, which central portion can be relatively
view, with outer ends which bend back toward the panel
F extending around the lower side of the wires St) and
62 whereby in effect the hook-like connections S2 wrap
around and lap across two opposite sides of the wires S2
and 62 for hooking the panels D, E and F together into a
flat or planar in shape and is distinguishable from other
portions of the wall section KThe said other portions of
rigid unit of great strength.
panel 1t) of FIGURE l that similar terminology will be
Referring
invention is
principle is
there shown
used in description thereof whereby in a sense the wall
section K comprises connector panels L and M disposed
to FiGURE 5, a third modification of the
there shown in which a similar inventive
represented. In FIGURE 5 a panel G is
having primary wires 100 which are disposed
in spaced parallelism, preferably, and secondary wires 102
which are disposed in spaced parallelism with respect to
each other and which latter are transversely disposed of
the wires 100 preferably at a right angle and with the in
tersections of the wires 10G and 162 suitably connected
such as by means of Welding 108.
A second or connector panel H is provided which serves
to connect the panel G to a studding I. The studding I
can be of any shape and is of a T shape in cross section,
as seen in FIGURE 6- for purposes of illustration.
Because the studding I has this shape the panel H has
a central part 110 extending across an outer end of the
studding I and has medial parts 113 extending upwardly
to the panel G with terminal ends of the panel H con
nected to the panel G in a manner now to be described.
'Ihe connector panel H is called a panel for conven
the said wall section K are the end portions which them
selves form connector panels so similar to the connector
at its opposite ends and a central section which can be
60 labeled N from the points 150 to the points 152.
First, the connector panel L will be described. The
connector panel L comprises a plurality of connector
wires‘156 which extend in approximately the same direc»
tion in preferable parallelism with each other and which
are spaced apart as can be of Vertical spacing when the
wall section K is vertical as shown in FIGURE 8. yCon
nector wires 152 have connection portions 163 relative~
ly close but spaced from ends 162 of the connector wires
152. The connection portions 169 are offset from the re
mainder of the connector wires 156 -for providing hooks
later described.
The connection panel portion L of the wall section K
has at least two transverse wires 166 extending vertically
in the illustration.
The transverse wires 166 are disposed
preferably at a right angle to the connector wires 156
5
‘35069,
Tand two ’of the ytransverse wires 166 as indicated by the
6
having at least two spaced primary wires extending in
letters O and P and are disposed one on each side of the
approximately the same direction as each other and hav
¿central part 160 of‘each offset connection portion 160.
ing spaced secondary wires extending transversely to said
«Each of the vertical transverse wires O and P is attached
connector wires, said primary and secondary wires lbeing
îto the respective connector wire 156 by suitable means CII attached together at their points of intersection, said pan
fsuch as welding, as best seen at 174 on each side of the
els being in engagement and said off-set »connection por- -
central part 170 of each offset connection portion 160.
It is preferred although it is not critical that the trans
verse wires O and P be disposed inside o-f the ends of the
tions of said connector wires each extending between
and lapping across two opposite sides of each of said
primary wires of said second panel, said connection por
connection portions 160.
10 tions being of a hook shape as seen from an end wherebj
The assembly of FIGURE 8 also has a second panel Q
they hook said panels together.
which can be in a plane if _desired and the plane can be
vertical as shown in FIGURE 8. The panel Q has at `
2. A Wire panel connection assembly as described in
claim l in which said first and second panels are disposed
least two spaced primary wires 192 and 194 which pref
in approximate parallelism with each other.
erably extend vertically or at least in approximately the
3. A Wire panel connection assembly as described in
same direction and the second panel Q also has spaced
claim 1 in which said first and second p-anels are dis
secondary wires 196 which are preferably vertically
posed in approximate parallelism, and further in which
spaced, preferably extend in approximately the same di
said connector wires of said ñrst panel have portions
rection and which are preferably horizontal and parallel.
disposed on each side of said off-set portions which over
The primary and secondary wires 196 and 192 and 194 20 lap across those transverse members of said second panel
are preferably disposed at a right angle to each other and
which are disposed closest to the respective said off-set
are suitably connected together such as by means of weld
ing 198 at their intersections.
connection portion.
4. The construction described in claim l in which an
The first and second panels K and Q are pressed in en
other panel is disposed alongside of and lapping said
gagement such that the secondary wires 196 of panel Q en 25 first two panels, said other panel »being disposed on the
gage the transverse wires O and P of panel portion L of
opposite side of said second panel from said first panel
the Wa-ll section K. The hook-like connector portions
and in which certain wires of said third panel are dis
160 of the panel portion L overlap ones of the horizontal
posed alongside of, parallel to and in engagement with
secondary wires 196 of the second panel Q and extend
primary wires of said second panel, and further in which
downwardly across the opposite sides thereof with the
lower ends of the connection portions 160 bent back to
ward the transverse vertical wires O and P in a way such
as to form ahook similar to the hook-like connector por
tions 16 of FIGURE l whereby the hook-like connector
the off-set connection portions of said first panel hook
about the said parallel wires of said third panel also
for binding said third panel to said first and second
panels.
5. A wire panel connection assembly as described in
portions 160 of FIGURE 8 underlap the respective under 35 claim l in which said first and second panels are dis
wires 156 for lapping around the top and bottom thereof,
posed in approximate parallelism with each other, and
which is in another sense lapping around two opposite
further in which said first panel has second similar off-set
sides thereof.
The hook-like connector portions 160 are
connection portions each attached to one of .its connector
bent sufliciently to draw the panel section L tightly
wires and disposed alongside the first mentioned connec
against the panel Q for rigidly conecting the panel Q to 40 tion portion, and further in which said first panel has
the wall section K.
a third transverse wire disposed generally parallel to said
Referring to the left hand side of FIGURE 8, another
first mentioned transverse wires of said lfirst panel and
panel portion S is there shown which is similar to the
in which said third transverse wire is spaced therefrom
panel portion L above described and the connector panel
and has ends of the wires of said second off-set connec
portion S is adapted to be hooked to another vertical 45 tion portions attached to it, and further in which said
panel not shown.
second off-set connection portions extend across and hook
It will be seen that the panel portion S has transverse
members T and U which are disposed in a plane at a right
angle to the plane of the central part N of the Wall sec
tion K and that the vertical transverse wires O and P of
the connector L are also arranged in a plane disposed also
at a right angle to the central portion N of the wall sec~
tion K. The left hand side of the FIGURE 8 modifica
tion also shows that the connection panel portion S has
many hook-like connector portions 2&0 similar to the 5
hook-like connector portions 160 of the connector panel
portion L.
As thus described, it will be seen that the modification
upon other respective portions of the same Wires of said
second and third panels which are held by the first men
tioned off-set connection portions to provide additional
binding of the second and third panels together firmly
by means of the first panel.V
6. The construction described in claim l in which
an elongated member is disposed against said second
panel alongside of the off-set connection portions of said
first panel and in which said second panel extends be~
yond opposite sides of said alongated member and fur
ther in which said first panel has extended portions of
its connected wires extending about said elongated mem
ber transversely of the length of said elongated member
of FIGURE 8 shows an effective way of connecting two
wall sections together when the two wall section-s are at 60 and attached to said second panel on the said opposite
a right angle to each other.
side of said elongated member by means of the provision
I claim:
on said connector panel by means of a duplication of
l. A Wire panel connection assembly comprising, a
the structure described in claim l as regards the con
first panel having at least two spaced connector Wires
nector panel and in which the off-set connection por
having their main portions extending in approximately
the same direction, said two connector wires having a y tions of said duplication are firmly hooked about pri
mary wires of said second panel which extend on said
connection portion adjacent but spaced from one end
thereof, said connection portions being oí-set from the
opposite side of said elongated member.
7. The construction defined in claim 1 in which said
remainder of said connector wires respectively, and said
first panel having at least t-Wo transverse avires extend 70 second panel lies substantially in a first plane and in
which said transverse wires of said first panel lie in sub
ing transversely to said connector Iwires and being dis
stantially a plane adjacent and parallel to the plane
posed one on each side of the central part of each olf
set connection portion and each being attached to each
of said second panel and in which said connection wires
of said connector Wires on each side of the central part
extend away from the respective ones of said hooking
of said off-set connection portions, and second panel 75 portions a substantial distance and lie in a plane trans~
3,069,120
v7
verse to the plane of said second panel, other transverse
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
wires of said íìrst panel being disposed in spaced rela
tion against, normal to, and connected to said extending
portions of said connection wires of said first panel.
UNITED STATES PATENTS
8. The connection assembly defined in claim l in which '
the outer ends of said offset portions bend upon and
impinge the primary wires of said second panel for pro
viding a ñrm connection to avoid looseness.
597,214
1,478,695
1,760,936
2,803,477
2,842,232
Douglass _~___«_a«_____l___ Ian. 1l, 1898
Bilbrey __~a--_
#__-¿___ Dec. 25, 1923
Dean __________ __f_„»____ lune 3, 1930
Hoose ______________ __ Aug. 20, 1957
Walsh _______________ __ July 8, 1958
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