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Патент USA US3069173

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Dec. 18, 1962
G. E. scHAEr-ER
- 3,069,163
HOME BILLIARD TABLE
Filed April 21» 1958
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Dec. 18, 1962
G. E. scHAEFER
3,069,163
HOME BILLIARD TABLE
'
Filed April 2l . 1958
2 sneèts-sneex 2
í
United States Patent O ” ICC
1
3,059,163
Patented Dec. 18, 1962
2
provides a light Weight material having suñicient strength
3,069,163
Schaefer, Muskegon, Mich., assignor to Bruns
HOME BILLIARD TABLE
George
to give necessary rigidity to the table structure. Opposite
surfaces of the wood framing member 25 and the honey
comb structure 26 are covered with surface sheets 27 and
28 which are preferably of a commercially available board
of
pressed ñbers or the like. The table laminations 25, 26,
8 Claims. (Cl. 273-11)
27 and 28 are suitably held together as by adhesives.
The top iiber board 28 is covered with a feltlike finishing
This invention relates to billiard tables, especially of
cloth 30 as is conventional in billiard tables. The cover
the type intended for home use, and more particularly
the invention relates to billiard ball collection means in 10 ing cloth 30 may be held on the table as by nails and
with the aid of the side and end rails.
such billiard tables.
The side and end rails 11-14 are suitably secured to
It is a general object of the invention to provide a
the table top as by screws seen at 32 in FIGS. l, 4 and 6.
billiard table having new and improved ball track means
The rails include cushions 34 suitably secured to the upper
for receiving balls as they drop at the pockets in the table
15 edges of the rails along straight portions thereof between
vand for guiding the balls to a point of collection.
pocket openings. Within the pocket openings, the rails
A more specific object is to provide a new and improved
have cushions secured thereto as at 35. The cushions 34
`track means of the type described including tracks sus
are preferably covered by a cloth 37 having one edge
pended beneath the table by flexible hangers of a material
suitably secured in a slot in the upper surface of the ad
lcapable of damping vibrations and reducing noise.
jacent rail, as at 38, and having its opposite edge nailed
Another object is to provide new and improved ball
or otherwise secured to the underside of the rail, as at 40,
track means of the type described including tracks sus
wick Corporation, a corporation of Delaware
Filed Apr. 21, 1958, Ser. No. 730,016
-pended beneath the table to collapse closely against the
in a recessed area as at `4l., provided to receive the outer
edges of the table covering cloth 30.
The table top lil is preferably supported by a col
,track means of the type described including rails along 25 lapsible leg structure which forms no part of the present
invention and which, accordingly, is shown only in part.
which billiard balls roll, and flexible hangers suspending
The leg structure includes four legs 42, two of which are
the rails beneath the table and forming ball receiving
visible in FIG. 2, each pivoted at its upper end be
pockets beneath pocket openings in the table.
neath the table top as by brackets 43 (FIGS. l and 2) se
Other objects and advantages 'will become readily ap- I
cured to the under surface of the table top and having
parent from the followin-g detailed description taken in
pivot pins as at 44 mounting the legs for pivotal movement
connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
between the positions illustrated in FIG. 2 and collapsed
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a home billiard table embodying
positions against the under surface of the table top. The
the principles of the present invention;
two legs adjacent each end may be secured togetherby
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary side elevational view of the
cross braces (not visible) which insure movement of the
billiard table illustrated in FIG. 1;
two legs in each pair together. The legs are further -re
FIG. 3 is a horizontal sectional View taken on FIG. 2,v
bottom of the table vfor storage or shipment.
A further object is to provide a new and improved ball
at an enlarged scale, illustrating in plan a billiard ball
track embodied in the table illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2;
- FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional View taken
.at about the line 4-4 of FIGS. 2 and 3;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional lview taken
at about the line 5-5 of FIGS. 2 and 3;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken
` at about the line 6_6 of FIGS. 2 and 3;
inforced and are held in the unfolded or extended position
illustrated by braces Á45 which have their lower ends pivot
ally mounted on midportions of the leg (not visible) and
which have their upper ends releasably held in a centrally
located bracket 47 (FIGS. l and 2) secured beneath the
table top. In this fashion, the braces 45 kmay be retained
¿in the positions illustrated or may be released therefrom
in order to permit folding and collapsing of the entire leg
.
FIG. 7 is an enlarged sectional view taken at about the 4.5 structure beneath the table top.
As is customary, the table may include suitable cue
line 7-7 of FIG. 3, illustrating the position of a billiard
ball on one section of the track; and
FIG. 8’is an enlarged sectional View taken at about
H_the line 8_8 of FIG. 3,*illustrating the position of a
billiard ball on another section of the track.
While an illustrative embodiment of the invention is
shown in the drawings and will be described in detail here- i»
in, the invention- is susceptible of embodiment in many
diiferent forms, and it should be understood that the
racks, one or mare ball racks for storing billiard balls,
and a rack supporting counter buttons or beads for keep
ing score. These are not shown as they form no part of
the present invention.
'
'
.
According to the invention, the billiard'table include
ball’track means providedfor receiving and collecting
billiard balls as they drop through .Lthe pocket openings
i in the table top. . As`> seen in FIG. l, a ball track 50 in
present disclosure is to be considered as an exempliñcation 55 the form of a wire gully is provided at each side of the
table beneath the side and corner pockets. ' The two tracks
of the principles of the invention and is not intended to
are similar in all respects except for their location, an
l'limit the invention to the embodiment illustrated. The
only one will-be described in detail.
`
=
scope ofthe invention will be pointed out in the appended
As seen in FIGS. l and 2, at the side of the table
claims.
Referring now to the drawings in more detail, the in 60 nearest the viewer, the track 50 extends longitudinally
beneath the table top from a position at one end of the
vention is embodied in a billiard table including a table
table beneath pocket 18 to a position at the other end of
top 10 having side rails 11 and 12, end rails 13 and 14,
the table beneath pocket 1’7, there being a midportion
and openings 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 and 21 through the table
of the track beneath the side pocket 21. The track con
top and through the rails at corner pockets and side
65 sists of a pair of relatively rigid rods 51 and 52 spaced
ì pockets, a .usual arrangement.
apart less than the diameter of a billiard ball and held
As seen best in the sectional views of FIGS. 4, 5 and 6,
in fixed relationship to each other by cross ties 53 in the
the table top 10 comprises a laminated build-up includingform of ilat strips of metal each having opposite ends
a core having an outer framing member 25 preferably
welded to one ofthe rods. Preferably, there are ten of
of wood, extending around the outer edges of the table
top, and an inner central portion yof a commercially avail 70 the ties, two being located approximately beneath ‘the
corner opening 18, two being located beneath the side
able honeycomb structure 26 preferably’treated to with
ï- stand moisture and warping»~ -The honeycomb structure.` `pocket 21, two beneath the corner pocket 17, another two
4
o
J
forming pockets -beneath the adjacent overhead pocket
being located between the pockets 18 and 21, and two
opening. Upper ends of the side portions-of the loops
others‘between'the pockets 17 and Z1.
include outwardly turned edges or ñange-like portions
As will be understood on viewing FIG. 2, the track
having retaining strips 64 of metal or the like positioned
includes opposite end _portions 50a and Stlb beneath
therebeneath and secured to the table top as by screws
pockets 18 and 17 respectivcly,'which»end portions'are up
65. Lower portions of the loops are secured to the
wardly inclined to the ends of the track relative ‘to the
cross ties 53 as by double headed rivets 67 so that the
remaining middle portion of the track, the latter of which
track is attached to the loops. Side portions of the loops
includes a major part of the track length. The >middle
extended upwardly and outwardly in oppositely inclined
portion of the track includes two sections, a ñrst, 50c,
extending from the end portion 50a to a position between IO directions so that at the tops, the loop side portions are
widely spaced in conformity with the diameter of pocket
the pockets 17 and 21, and a second section 53d extend
>openings and at the lower ends loop side portions are
ing from the section 50c to the end portion 50h. The
rather narrowly spaced, conforming to the spacing of
.section 50c is inclined downwardly at a predetermined
the track rods 51 and 52. The length of the loops longi
inclination from the end portion 50a to its juncture with
tudinally of the track is at least equal or in excess of the
the portion 59d, while the portion 50d has a somewhat
'greater inclination downwardly toward the end portion
50b. The arrangement is such that balls dropping through
the pocket openings onto the track roll downwardly to
diameter of pocket openings through the table top so
that the hangers function as pockets for receiving the
balls as they drop through pocket openings to direct the
balls onto the track. Side portions 60h and 62b of
hangers 60 and 62 have a tapering height conforming to
the inclination of track sections 50b and 50a respectively.
Due to the soft `and. flexible nature of the hangers, the
ward and collect in the section 50d where they remain
until removed by the players, usually in preparation for '
a succeeding'game.
As will be understood by reference to FIG. 3, the rods
51 and 52 at the end portion Stia and in the section 50c
are spaced apart by a predetermined distance less than the
diameter of a billiard ball which spacing together with
>the vinclination of the track is calculated to induce rolling
of the balls toward the portion 50d. At the end portion
50h of the track and in the section 50d, the rods 51 and
52 are spaced apart by a predetermined greater distance
less than the diameter of a billiard ball, the greater spac 30
ing being calculated to slow the movement of the balls
as they approach collison with other balls stored for col
lection in section 56d. More specifically, at the upper
end of the track where the rods are narrowly spaced, the
they collect.
of the ball (see FIG. 7) and each revolution of the ball
ypocket openings 18 vand 17 respectively, thereby enabling
dropping of balls onto the -loop material is almost noise
less, and the hangers function to reduce noise and to
dampen vibrations transmitted to the ltable as the balls
roll along the tracks toward the track section 50d where
Due to the flexible nature of the hangers, the -track is
collapsible against the bottom surface of the table top for
purposes of storage or packaging. This feature is espe
cially advantageous when packing the table for shipment
as it provides a compact collapsed structure reducing the
size of the shipping package. On collapse‘of the tracks
as described, the track ends at the upwardly inclined end
rods engage the ball on larger circles of the outer surface 35 portions 50a and Silb are positioned to rise upwardly into
as it rolls carries the ball further than at the lower end
of the track where the rods are spaced more widely. At
the lower end of the track, the rods engage the ball on
a major portion `of the track to lie flat against the bottom
of the tabletop.
I claim:
l. In a billiard table yincluding a table top having side
smaller circles (see FIG. 8) and thereby tend to cause 40
rails, end rails and openings therethrough at corner
spinning of the ball on the smaller circles thereby slowing
pockets, the improvement comprising, ball track means
the advance movement of the ball before it comes to rest
on the section 50d.
The position of a billiard lball on the narrow track
including at least one billiard ball track beneath the table
top at one side thereßf extending longitudinally of the
As 45 table from a position beneath one corner pocket opening
at one end of the table to a position beneath another
will be appreciated on viewing this figure, due to the
corner pocket opening at the opposite end of the table,
~rather narrow spacing of the rods 51 and 52, the ball
and collapsible hangers secured to the table top and form
rests high on the tracks, and the cross ties 53 may be
ing the sole means supporting the track thereby enabling
`substantially flat as illustrated. In the track sections 50d
-and 501;, where the rods 51 and 52 are more widely 50 collapse ofthe track and the hangers ‘against the under
surface of the tabletop, each hanger comprising a flexi
spaced, as seen in FIG. 8, the billiard ball rests lower on
ble collapsible sheet material in the form of a loop hav
ithe vrods with a’substantial portion of the ball below the
ing a substantial length longitudinally ofthe track and in
level of the rods. Acco-rdingly, the ties 53a in the track
cluding upper ends secured to the table top at longi
section Stlb have their midportions bent downwardly as
seen in FIG. 8 in order to permit free movement of the 55 tudinally spaced positions and a bottom portion support
ing the track and secured at 'longitudinally spaced posi
`balls along the track.
tions.
The ball track is supported by hangers of flexible ma
2. In a billiard table including a table top having side
terial which have a three fold purpose, that of mounting
rails, end rails and openings therethrough at vcorner
the track for collapse against the under surface of the
table top, that of reducing noise and damping vibrations 60 pockets, the improvement comprising, a pair of ball tracks
beneath the table top one at each side thereof and each
as the balls drop through pocket openings onto the track
extending
longitudinally of the'table from-a position be
and roll along >the track, and that of providing pockets
neath one corner pocket opening to a position ‘beneath
beneath the pocket openings. The hangers are illustrated
another corner pocket opening, each track having rela
in FIGS. 2-6 and are three'in number, one positioned
tively short opposite end portions upwardly inclined to
beneath each of the pocket openings 17, 18 and 21. The
the ends of the track'and relative to the remaining major
hangers, identified by reference numbers 60, 61 and 62,
portion of Vthe'track, collapsible hangers secured to the
-are preferably of a plastic material such as a vinyl which
table top and providing the sole means supporting the
is copper coated on the outer surface, though other ma
tracks thereby enabling collapse of the tracks against the
terials can be used. Each hanger comprises a straplike
under
surface of the table top, said upwardly inclined
piece of the plastic or other material in loop form having 70
~sections of 50a and 50c is illustrated in FIG. 7.
a substantial length longitudinally of the track as seen
track ends being normally disposed respectively beneath
inFIGS. 2 and 3, having upper ends of the loop secured
>beneath `the >table top, yhaving the lower portion lof the
‘loop as vat 60a, 61a and 62a supporting the track, and
rhaving-:side portions of the loop as yat 60b, 61b and 62b
the corner pocket openings and positionable inthe open
ings respectively on collapse of the track to thereby .pro
vide a compact collapsed structure.
'
3. `In a billiardtableincludinga table vtophaving side
3,069,163
5
rails, end rails and openings therethrough at side pockets
and corner pockets, the improvement comprising, a pair
of ball tracks beneath the table top one at each side
thereof and each extending longitudinally of the table
from a position beneath one corner pocket opening to a
position beneath another corner pocket opening, and hang
ers for supporting the tracks, one located beneath each
pocket opening and each comprising a strap of ñexible
material in loop form having a _substantial length longi- `
material for deadening sound and damping vibrations and
-being located one beneath each pocket opening and each
comprising a strap in loop form having upper ends of the
loop secured to the table top, a lower portion of the loop
supporting the track, and side portions of the loop form
ing a ball receiving pocket beneath each pocket opening.
7. In a billiard table including a table top having side
rails, end rails and openings therethrough at corner pock
ets, the improvement comprising, ball track means in
tudinally of the track, upper ends of the loop secured to 10 cluding at least one ball track beneath the table top atl
the table top, a lower portion of the loop supporting the
one side thereof extending longitudinally of the table
track, and side portions of the loop forming a ball re
ceiving pocket beneath the pocket opening in the table
from a position beneath one corner pocket opening at
one end of the table to a position beneath another corner
top.
pocket opening at the opposite ends of the table, said
.
4. In a billiard table including a table top having side 15 track comprising a pair of rigid rods spaced apart less
rails, end rails and openings therethrough at side pockets
than the diameter of a billiard ball and means secured
and corner pockets, the improvement comprising, bali
to both rods for maintaining the saine in fixed rel-a
track means including at least one billiard ball track
tionship to each other, `said track including a midporîion
beneath the table top at one side thereof extending longi
comprising a major part of the track length inclined
tudinally of the table from a position beneath one corner 20 downwardly from one end of the table toward the other
pocket opening at one end of the table to a position
endof the table and opposite end portions inclined up
beneath another corner pocket opening at the opposite
wardly from the ends of said midportion to the ends of
end of the table, and ilexible hangers supporting the
the track, the rods lat the upper end of said midportion
track for collapse against the under surface of the table
and at the adjacent upwardly inclined end portion hav
top, one located beneath each pocket opening along one 25 ing a predetermined spacing less than the diameter of
side of the table and comprising a strap of flexible mate
a billiard ball to induce a high rate of speed for a ball
rial in loop form having a substantial length longitudi
rolling down the track, yand the rods at the lower end
(n
nally of the track, upper ends of the loop secured to the
of said midportion having a predetermined greater spac
`table top, a lower portion of the loop supporting the
ing less than the diameter of a billiard ball to induce a
track, and side portions of the loop forming a ball receiv 30 reduced rate of travel for a ball rolling down the track,
ing pocket beneath the adjacent pocket opening having a
and iiexible hangers supporting the track from the table
length and a width at least equal to the diameter of the
top.
'
. pocket opening.
8. In a billiard table including a table top having side
5. In a billiard table including a table top having side
rails, end rails and openings therethrough at side pock
rails, end rails and openings therethrough at side pockets
ets and corner pockets, the improvement comprising,
and corner pockets, the improvement comprising, ball
ball track means including at least one ball track be
track means including at least one billiard ball track
_Qneath the table top at one side thereof extending lon
beneath the table top at one side thereof extending longi
gitudinally of the table from a position beneath one cor
tudinally of the table from a position beneath one corner
ner pocket opening at one end of the table to a position
pocket opening at one end of the table to a position 40 beneath ano-ther corner pocket opening at the opposite
beneath another corner pocket opening at the opposite
end of the table, said track comprising a pair of rigid
rods spaced apart less than the diameter of a billiard
portion thereof inclined downwardly from one end of the
ball and a plurality of ties each secured to both rods
table toward the other including hangers of ñexible mate
for maintaining the saine in fixed relationship to each
rial for deadening sound and damping vibrations, one lo 45 other, said track including a midportion comprising a
cated beneath each pocket opening along one side of the
major part of the track length inclined downwardly from
table and each comprising a strap of flexible material hav
.one end of the table toward the other end of the table
end of the table, and means supporting the track with a
ing opposite ends secured to the table top, laterally spaced
and opposite end portions inclined upwardly from the
portions extending downwardly from the ends at opposite
ends of said midportion to the ends of the track, and
sides of the track, and a midportion connecting said lateral 50 ilexible
hangers for supporting the tracks for collapse
ly spaced portions at their lower ends and supporting the
'against
the
under surface of the table top, including three
track, said laterally spaced portions forming a ball receiv
hangers for each track, each hanger comprising a strap
ing pocket beneath the adjacent pocket opening.
of flexible material in loop form including upper ends
6. In a billiard table including atable top having side
secured
to the table top, a bottom portion of the loop
rails, end rails and openings therethrough at side pockets 55
supporting the track, and side portions forming pockets
and corner pockets, the improvement comprising, a pair
' positioned respectively beneath pocket openings in the
of ball tracks beneath the table top one at each side there
table top, with side portions of the hanger loops at oppo
of and each extending longitudinally of the table from
site ends of the track having a tapering height conform
a position beneath one corner pocket opening to a posi
ing to the inclination of the upwardly inclined track end
tion beneath another corner pocket opening, each track
having opposite end portions upwardly inclined to the 60 portions.
ends of the track and relative to the remainder of thev
track for directing balls toward a midportion or" the track,
said remainder of the track being inclined from one of
said end portions to the other of said end portions to in
duce billiard balls to roll along the track, ñexible hangers 65
secured to the table top and supporting the tracks for col
lapse against the under surface of the table top, said up
wardly inclined track ends being positioned beneath
corner pocket openings to project into the openings on
collapse of the track to thereby provide a compact col 70
lapsed structure, said hangers being comprised of a plastic
References Cited in the tile of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
357,853
626,902
Parker ______________ __ Feb. 15, 1887
Grifñn ______________ _.. June 13, 1899
808,051
1,054,780
1,507,479
Hege et al ____________ __ Dec. 19, 1905
Lobstein _____________ _.. Mar. 4, 1913
Hand ________________ __ Sept. 2, 1924
1,992,507 _
Sawyer ______________ __ Feb. 26, 1935
2,165,875
Sawyer ______________ __ July 11, 1939
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