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Патент USA US3069234

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Dec- 18, 1962
_
F. E. BIGELOW, JR
3,069,224
PORTABLE BUILDING
Filed Aug. 21, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet l
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34
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INVENTOR.
- 34445449”
ATTORNEY
Dec- 18, 1962
F. E. BIGELOW, JR
’ 3,069,224
PORTABLE BUILDING
Filed Aug. 21, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
BY
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59%.;- ,._,>
ArrakMs-y
nited States Patent @?hce
aesazz-t
Patented Dec. 18, 1962
1
.
,
2
detailed description, constituting a speci?cation of the
same, when considered‘ in conjunction with the annexed
PORTABLE
3,069,224
BUILDIN
Floyd E.,Bigelow, Jr., P.O. Box 7064, Houston, Tex.
Filed ‘Aug. 21, 1959, Ser.,_N0-t$35,21'1
4 (Ilaims. (Cl. 20--2)
This invention‘ r‘ela'tes to a portable building, and more
drawings, wherein;
_‘ FIGURE 1 is" a perspective view er a preferred em
b‘odirifent of ‘the invention showing the‘ manner in which
the unitary‘ buildings are ‘connected together by the dc‘
fachable joint structure of the invention;
particularly to a building structure which may be dis
FIGURE 2 is a‘ fragmentary, perspective view, on a
assembled and vformed into a compact package for trans
somewhat‘ enlarged scale, showing details of the structure
portation and which is‘ easily assembled and erected.
The invention has for an important object the pro
vision of a building which is made up of unitary walls,
a ?oor or base unit and a unitary roof structure, the walls
being adapted to be placed one upon another on the ?oor,
and the roof and ?oor being constructed to enclose the
walls to form a unitary package.
‘
>
Another object of the invention is to provide a building
having detachable walls ?oor and roof, and which is ca
10 of the detachable joint and the manner in which the same
is applied in connecting together the buildings of the
invention;
,
‘
FIGURE 3 is a cross-sectional view taken‘ along the line
3--3 of FIGURE 2, looking in the direction indicated'by
the arrows;
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary side View on a somewhat
‘enlarged scale of the detachable joint structure of the
invention.
pable of use as a separate unit or which may be combined
FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view, on an
with other such units to form ‘a multi-unit structure.
20 enlarged scale, showing structural details of the upper
A further object of the invention is to provide a build—
portion of the detachable joint of the invention and the
ing of unitary design having detachable walls, ?oor and
internal structures of the roofs of the buildings connect
roof, and embodying means for ‘assembling and connect
t’ogether a‘ number of such buildings to form a struc
ture of larger size.
Another object of the invention is‘ the provision“ of a
joint structure for buildings of the type having detachable
walls, ?oor and roof, whereby several such buildings
ed‘ thereby; and
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary perspective view, on an en
25 larged scale showing end portions of the channel mem
ber and side member of the joint of the invention and the
manner in which the members are shaped for cooperation
in assembling the joint.
may be connected‘ together in end to end or side by side
Referring now to the drawings in greater detail, the
relation with the facing, adjacent walls removed to‘ form 30 invention is disclosed herein in connection with portable
a unitary structure of larger size;
buildings of the type having detachable side and end
A further object of the invention is to provide a
walls 10 and 12, which may be assembled with a floor
weather tight,“ detachable joint structure for portable
or base 14, preferably of rectangular shape, and a detach
buildings of the type having detachable walls, floor’ and
able roof 16 which is of, inverted tray shape having side
roof whereby’ a number of such buildings‘ may be ‘connect 35 portions 18 which are adapted to be positioned exteriorly
ed together to‘forrn ‘a structure of larger dimensions.
of the upper marginal portions of the walls when the
Another object of the invention is the provision‘ of a
building is assembled.
'
joint structure for connecting together buildings of the
The portable building of they invention is preferably
type having’ detachable walls and a detachable roof of
constructed to permit the walls 10 and 12 to be detached
inverted tray shape adapted to be placed over the upper 40 from the floor or base 14 and laid one upon another on
edges of the walls‘ with‘ the side portions or the roof ex
tending downwardly exterior-1y of the‘ upper margins of
top of the door, and the roof .16 is constructed so that
the side portions 13 thereof will surround the walls to
the walls, which‘ joint structure embodies an elongated
enclose the same,’ so that the roof and floor may serve
member of'channei shape, adapted to be placed in an upl
to form a box in which the remaining parts of the build
wardly opening‘ position between the roofs of two such 45 ing will be enclosed for transportation as a complete
buildings placed in side by side relation, with the facing,“
unit to be assembled at any desired location.
adjacent walls of the building removed andth'e adjacent
The walls 10 and 12 are preferably of unitary construc
side portions of the roots extending downwardly inside
tion, dimensioned to ?t within the tray like roof when
of the sides of the channel to 'form‘ a water shedding,
detached, and to permit the roof to be placed over the
50 upper edges of the walls when the walls are erected, with
trough like‘ connection between the roofs.
A ‘further object of the invention is‘ to provide a joint
the‘ sides of the roof disposed exteriorly of the walls to
structure‘ for use in connecting together‘ buildings of the
hold the walls against spreading apart and to form a
t-ypehaving detachable walls and a detachable roof of
inverted‘ tray like shape, which joint structurerembodieis‘
weather tight structure. The floor or base 14 is constructed
and dimensioned to allow the walls to be placed in super
an elongated member of channel sh‘ape whose sides are 55 posed relation thereon when the walls are detached and
adapted to be inserted beneath the adjacent ‘downwardly
extendihgzside'pdrtions of'the roofs of two such‘ buildings
to‘ form the bottom of the box-like enclosure of which
the roof forms the sides and top when the building is dis
placed in side by ‘side or end to- end relation with the
manticd" and‘ formed into a compact assemblage.
facing: adjacent walls removed to form‘ an‘upwardly' open
The walls It] and IZmay be grooved or otherwise inter
ing trough between the roofs, and side members‘ adapted 60
to‘be placed between adjacent walls‘ of‘the buildings in
overlapping relation thereto, said channel having end poi‘
tio'ns disposed ex‘teriorly of and in' overlapping relation:
to" said adjacent walls and‘ the upper end portions o'i'said
side members.
‘
‘
Another object of the invention‘ is: the provision of a
joint‘ structure for connecting together buildings of the type
mentionedv which is easily applied and. removed and
which forms a strong and weather tight connection.
?tted or provided with suitable means such as vertically
disposed angle members, or the like, at the corners of the
building to form a weather tight structure and are secured
to the ?oor and to each other in any convenient manner
65 to permit the walls to be easily erected or disassembled.
‘For the purpose of permitting a number of buildings
of this type to be assembled to provide a building of larger
size, the buildings are constructed of the same width or
length, so that one wall of two such buildings may be
70 removed and the buildings placed with their open sides
together to form a structurehaving twice the space of" a
of the‘invention may best be‘understood‘from the following
single building. In this manner a number of such build
I The above and other important objects and'advantages
3,069,224
3
4
ings may be assembled and connected together to provide
a structure of any desired size.
bevelled faces 48 of the internal blocks 50 in the roofs
will be in wedging engagement with the bevelled faces
For the purpose of forming a strong and weather tight
detachable connection between the buildings when assem
bled, the joint structure of the invention embodies a roof
connector member 2'1} in the form of an elongated, chan
further hold the buildings connected together.
In disassembling the structure, the roofs may ?rst be
lifted off, the roof connector member 20 removed, the side
4 6 on the upper ends of the side connector elements 32 to
nel-shaped member, adapted to be placed in a horizontal,
upwardly opening position with the sides 22 thereof ex
connector elements 32 being thereafter disconnected and
the walls detached. The Walls may then be placed one
upon another on the ?oors 14 to form. stacks and the
tending upwardly interiorly of the adjacent side portions
18 of the roofs 16 of two adjacent buildings, to form an 10 remaining parts of the structures placed in the stacks.
‘Ni ‘1 the parts thus arranged the roofs may be lowered
The connector member 20 is formed at each end with
over the stacks to enclose the same and secure to the
outturned side ?anges 26 and a downturned bottom ?ange
?oors in any convenient manner to form compact assem
28 which has a centrally located slot 30 whose lower end
blages ready for transportation.
15
It will thus be apparent that the invention provides
is open.
a portable building which may be formed into a compact
Side connector elements 32 are also provided which are
upwardly opening trough or gutter 24 between the roots.
positioned vertically between the adjacent vertical mar
gins of adjacent walls of the buildings and extend from
the floor 14 to the roof connector member 20. Each of
these side connector elements is formed with a longitudi—
nal groove 34 along each side into which the edge of the
adjacent wall is ?tted, and has at its upper end an upwardly
opening, central notch 36 into which the roof connector
member 20 ?ts. The external face of the side connector
element is also cut away as best seen at 38 in FIGURE
6 to receive the end ?anges '26 and 28 of the roof con
nector element, so that these ?anges lie ?ush with the
assemblage for transportation and which includes a joint
structure by which any number of such buildings may be
connected together to form structures of larger capacity.
The invention is disclosed herein in connection with a
certain speci?c embodiment of the same, but it will be
understood that this is intended by way of illustration only,
and that various changes can be made in the construction
and arrangement of the parts, within the spirit of the in
25 vention and the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus clearly shown and described the invention,
what is claimed as new and desired to secured by Letters
Patent is:
outer face of the side connector element when the parts
1. The combination with rectangular buildings placed
are assembled. Each side connector element is provided
with an opening 40, through which a fastening element, 30 in juxtaposed relation with the adjacent facing walls of
the buildings removed to form a rectangular enclosure,
such as a bolt 42 provided with a wing nut 44 may be
each of said buildings having a demountable roof of in
extended through the slot 30.
verted rectangular tray shape Whose sides are positioned
The upper ends of the side connector elements 32 are
bevelled at the corners as seen at 46 for wedging engage
ment with the internal bevelled faces 48 of blocks 50
positioned Within the roofs 16 whereby the roofs will be
wedgingly connected together when the parts are assem
bled as best seen in FIGURE 5.
The side connector elements and the adjacent Walls all)
may be releasably secured together by suitable means such
as the hooks 52 pivotally carried by the walls and which
hook over bolts 54 on the elements and having provided
with wing nuts 56. At their lower ends the side connector
elements may be coextensive with the walls of the build
ings which may be inter?tted with the floor 14 in any de
sired manner to permit the parts to be easily assembled
and disassembled to provide a weathertight connection.
In assembling and connecting the buildings by the use
of the joint structure of the invention, two of the buildings
are erected by assembling three walls of each building on 50
the ?oor thereof, the walls being secured together at the
corners by suitable fastenings, such as bolts, not shown,
and the buildings are then placed with the open sides in
facing relation. The side connector elements 32 are then
in external overlying relation to the upper marginal por
tions of the walls of the building, of means for connecting
the buildings together comprising a connector member
of channel shape located in an upwardly opening posi
tion with the sides of the channel disposed inwardly of
the adjacent sides of the roofs and having outturned
end ?anges having edge portions positioned in abutting
relation to the upper edge portions of adjacent walls of
the buildings and vertically extending connector elements
positioned in overlapping relation to adjacent side mar
gins of said adjacent side walls and said end ?anges.
2. The combination with rectangular buildings placed
in juxtaposed relation with the adjacent facing walls of
the buildings removed to form a rectangular enclosure,
each of said buildings having a demountable roof of in
verted rectangular tray shape whose sides are positioned
in external overlying relation to the upper marginal por
tions of the walls of the building, of means for connecting
the buildings together comprising a connector member
of channel shape located in an upwardly opening position
with the sides of the channel disposed inwardly of the
adjacent
sides of the roofs and having outturned end
55
placed between the vertical margins of the adjacent side
?anges having edge portions positioned in abutting rela
walls of the buildings and secured thereto by the hooks
tion to the upper edge portions of adjacent walls of the
52. With the side walls thus connected together by the
buildings and also having downturned end ?anges, and
side connector elements, the roof connector member 20
vertically extending connector elements adapted to be
is then placed in position by inserting the channel in the
positioned in overlapping relation to adjacent side mar
upwardly opening end notches 36 of the side connector 60 gins of said adjacent side walls and said ?anges.
elements with the ?anges 26 and 28 positioned in the
' 3. The combination with rectangular buildings placed
external recesses 38 of the elements, the bolts 42 being
in juxtaposed relation with the adjacent facing walls of
extended through openings 40 and slots 30 to secure the
the buildings removed to form a rectangular enclosure,
roof connector member in place.
each of said buildings having a demountable roof of in
65
The roofs 16 are then placed in position over the upper
vertcd rectangular tray shape whose sides are positioned
edges of the walls, the skirt formed by the side portions
in external overlying relation to the upper marginal por
of the roofs extending downwardly, exteriorly over the
tions of the walls of the building, of means for connect
upper edges of the walls to form a weathertight structure.
The side portions of the roofs will then also extend down
wardly inside of the channel of the roof connector mem
her and exteriorly of the end ?anges 26 and 28 and ex
teriorly of the side connector elements 32, to completely
enclose the upper marginal portions of the Walls.
When the roofs are thus positioned on the walls the 76
ing the buildings together comprising a connector mem
ber of channel shape located in an upwardly opening posi
tion with the sides of the channel disposed inwardly of
the adjacent sides of the roofs and having outturned end
?anges having edge portions positioned in abutting rela
tion to the upper edge portions of adjacent walls of the
buildings and also having downturned end ?anges, and
5
3,069,224
vertically extending connector elements positioned in
overlapping relation to adjacent side margins of said ad
6
and vertically extending connector elements positioned
in overlapping relation to adjacent side margins of said
jacent side walls and said ?anges, each of said connector
adjacent side walls and said ?anges, each of said connec~
elements having an upper end notch ‘shaped to ?t ex
teriorly over the bottom and sides of said connector
member.
ltor elements having an upper end portion which is cut
away to ?t exteriorly over the bottom and sides of said
4. The combination with rectangular buildings placed
vin juxtaposed relation with the adjacent facing walls of
connector, the inner faces of said ?anges being posi
tioned in contact with the outer faces of the connector
elements.
the buildings removed to form a rectangular enclosure,
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
each of said buildings having 'a demountable roof of in 10
verted rectangular tray shape whose sides are positioned
UNITED STATES PATENTS
in external overlying relation to the upper marginal por
1,007,754
Tin-sley ______________ __ Nov. 7, 1911
tions of the walls of the building, of means for connect~
ing the buildings together comprising a connector mem
ber of channel shape located in an upwardly opening
position with the sides of the channel disposed inwardly
of the ‘adjacent sides of the roofs and having outturned
end flanges having edge portions positioned in abutting
relation to the upper edge portions of adjacent walls of
the buildings and also having downturned end ?anges, 20
1,644,450
1,650,949
Russell _______________ __ Oct. 4, 1927
Mather ______________ -._ Nov. 29, 1927
2,089,058
2,706,313
2,755,517
Harley ______________ __ Aug. 3, 1937
Radmlan ____________ .._. Apr. 19, 1955
Sickel _______________ __ July 24, 1956
‘
676,997
FOREIGN PATENTS
Great Britain _________ .._ Aug. 6, 1952
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