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Патент USA US3069473

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United States Patent
1C6
l
3,059,463
Patented Dec. 18, 1962
2
The extraction process of this invention may be carried .
,
3,069,463
_
EXTRACTION OF 2,7-NAPHTHALENE DICARBOX
YLIC ACID FRGM ITS ISOMERS WITH GAMMA- .
PICOLINE
Peter Fotis, Jr., Highland, Ind., assignor to Standard Oil
Company, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Indiana
No Drawing. Filed Oct. 26, 1959, Ser. No. 848,503
8 Claims. (Cl. 260-525)
out at any temperature below the boiling point of gamma
picoline. The preferred temperature range for the ex
traction process is from about -—-10° to about 50° C.
although much higher and lower temperatures may be
used. The preferred range advantageously‘ includes am
bient and room temperatures.
“
The ratio of gamma-picoline to the total mixture to
be extracted must be su?icient to exceed the solubility of
The present invention relates to the extraction of 2,7 10 gamma-picoline in the total mixture undergoing separation
naphthalene dicarboxylic acid from a mixture of isomers
in order to form a distinct liquid phase containing gamma
of naphthalene dicarboxylic acid, and more particularly
picoline and 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid and a dis
concerns the use of gamma picoline as a selective solvent
tinct solid phase containing the 2,6-naphthalene dicar
‘for this. purpose.
boxylic acid and little if any solvent. Generally, between
An object of the present invention is to provide a 15 1 and 100 or more parts by weight of gamma-picoline
method for removing 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid
per part by weight of 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid
from its mixture with isomers thereof. Another object is
to provide a method for removing 2,7-naphthalene di—
carboxylic acid from mixtures thereof with 2,6-naphtha
lene dicarboxylic acid. A further object is to provide a
method for recovering a valuable, relatively pure 2,7
naphthalene dicarboxylic acid isomer for use in condensa
tion reactions with glycols and the like to form a polyester
may 'be used for the separation. For economical con
siderations, it is preferred to use from 1~50r parts by
product having a melting point substantially higher than
the melting point of a polyester product prepared from 25
a mixture of naphthalene dicarboxylic acid isomers.
Weight of gamma-picoline and advantageously less than
20 parts by weight of gamma-picoline because of the ex
pense involved in handling large volumes of solvents.
The following examples illustrate the extraction proc
ess of this invention.
Example I
As an illustration of the high selectivity of the sepa
Other objects will be apparent from the following dis
ration of 2,7-naphthalene . dicarboxylic acid from an
closure.
isomer thereof using gamma-picoline or the extracting sola
7
_ 2,7-naphthalene ‘dicarboxylic acid occurs in admixture
vents, -15 ml. of gamma-picoline were added to a 50 ml.
with its isomers and particularly with 2,6-naphthalene 30 ?ask containing 0.6 g. of a 50-50 mixture of 2,6- and
2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acids. The resulting mix
dicarboxylic acid, for example, in a product from the oxi
ture was stirred and allowed to stand for 1/2 hour. The:
dation of isomers of dimethyl naphthalenes to naphtha
mixture was then ?ltered to remove undissolved solid.
lene dicarboxylic acids. The separation of the dimethyl
The undissolved solid was dried and Weighed (Weight:
naphthalenes before oxidation is extremely difficult. Fur
ther, the 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid isomer cannot 35 0.4 g.) and was analyzed and found to contain both
2,6- and 2,7- naphthalene dicarboxylic acids. The ?ltrate
readily be separated from its isomers after oxidation by
from the ?ltration step was evaporated under vacuum to
distillation and is not readily separable ‘from its isomers
remove the gamma-picoline and a 0.2 g. solid white crys
by known solvent extraction systems, particularly in sub
talline produce was recovered from the evaporation. The
stantially pure form. In using naphthalene dicarboxylic
infrared spectra of the solid product was identical to the
acids as reactants in the preparation of polyesters, it is
spectra of a pure 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid.
often desirable to use a pure isomer such as the 2,7
naphthalene ‘dicarboxylic acid in order to obtain a poly
Example II
ester product having a high melting point. Polyesters
As
‘an
illustration
of
the speci?c ability of the gamma
formed from mixtures of the naphthalene dicarboxylic
isomer of picoline to selectively dissolve 2,7-naphthalene
acid isomers will not possess the high melting property
of a polyester prepared from a substantially pure isomer.
I have provided a new method for the separation of 2,7
dicarboxylic acid, solubility tests were made to determine
the solubilities of 2,6‘ and 2,7- naphthalene dicarboxylic
acids in beta- and ‘gamma-picolines. Each isomer was
naphthalene dicarboxylic acid from isomers thereof and
added in amounts of 0.1 g. to 20 ml. of each of the
more particularly from mixtures of isomers containing
2,6~naphthalene dicarboxylic acid. In my method, the 50 beta- and gamma-picolines with the results recorded
below:
2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid is separated by selective
extraction with gamma-picoline. The naphthalene dicar
boxylic acid isomers are solids under normal conditions
and the gamma-picoline selectively dissolves the 2,7
naphthalene dicarboxylic acid while rejecting isomers 55
thereof as a solid ra?inate. In accordance with my proc
ess, a mixture of isomers containing 2,7-naphthalene di
carboxylic acid is contacted with gamma-picoline and
Naphthalene
Run
dicarboxylic
Solvent
Results
acid isomer
2,6 isomer__
2,7 isomer"
Beta picoline ______ __ Soluble.
_____do _____ -_
_ 2,6 lsornen.
Gamma plCOl
2,7 isomer ____________ __d
Do.
Insoluble.
Soluble.
a liquid extract and solid ra?inate phases are formed.
The extract phase is then separated from the solid raf 60
As can be seen from Example I, the present process is
?nate phase. The gamma-picoline may be removed from
useful in extracting or separating a substantially pure
the extract phase by distillation, extraction, or other
2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid from admixture with
means leaving a solid residue product. The residue prod
the 2,6 isomer. Example II indicates the speci?c and
not is a substantially pure 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic
unexpected ability of the gamma isomers of picoline as
acid and can be further washed with a convenient solvent 65 a solvent in the present extraction process for selective
such as, for example, water or a low molecular weight
separation of isomers. As can be seen from the table of
alcohol, if desired, to remove any remaining contaminating
amounts of gamma-picoline or other undesired materials.
Gamma-picoline is a colorless liquid at room tempera
Example II, the beta-picoline dissolved both the 2,6 and
2,7 isomers demonstrating an inability to separate the
isomers while the gamma-picoline dissolved only the 2,7
ture, has a density of 0.9613 g./ml. (at atmospheric pres 70 isomer.
sure and 4° C.), and a boiling point of 143.1” C. It is
miscible with water, ethanol, ethyl ether, and the like.
Of course, it is intended that any feed material contain
ing the 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid may be extracted
3,069,463
.
4
. 3
I claim:
to separate that acid in substantially pure form. For ex
ample, an e?luent from an oxidation process wherein alkyl
1. The method for extracting a mixture consisting essen
tially of 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid and at least one
aromatics containing dimethyl naphthalenes are oxidized
isomer thereof, comprising selectively extracting said mix
with chemical oxidizing agents such as chromic acid, a per
manganate or nitric acid or with molecular oxygen, gen
ture at a temperature below the boiling point of gamma
picoline with an amount of gamma-picoline su?icient to
erally air, or in the presence of an oxidation catalyst such
as, for example, the heavy metal oxidation catalysts or
exceed the solubility of gamma-picoline in said mixture
and form a distinct liquid extract phase and separating
preferably the combination of bromine promoted heavy
the liquid extract phase.
metal oxidation catalysts as taught in US. Patent No.
2,833,816, may be extracted with gamma-picoline to re
move 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein the mixture which is
extracted with said gamma~picoline is produced by oxidiz
ing a mixture containing dimethyl naphthalenes in the
As a more par
ticular illustration, an oxidation product predominating in
naphthalene dicarboxylic acids obtained (from the oxida
presence of an oxidation catalyst.
3. The method of claim 1 wherein the mixture contains
tion of a 500 to 5'05 ° F. distillation cut of alkyl aromatics)
is extracted with about 50 parts by weight of gamma 15 2,6-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid.
4. The method for extracting a mixture consisting essen
picoline per part by weight of 2,7-naphthalene dicar
tially of 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid and 2,6-naph
thalene dicarboxylic acid comprising treating said mixture
boxylic acid. 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid is ex
tracted by the gamma-picoline in a liquid phase which may
at a temperature below the boiling point of gamma-picoline
be separated from the solid phase residue. In this man
ner, the gamma-picoline may be used to extract the 2,7 20 with an amount of gamma-picoline su?icient to exceed the
solubility of gamma-picoline in said mixture and form dis
isomer in substantially pure form while rejecting isomers
tinct liquid extract and solid rai?nate phases, separating
thereof and other extraneous components including oxida
said liquid phase from sad solid phase, and removing said
tion catalyst, etc. Such catalytic oxidation products may
gamma-picoline from said liquid phase whereby a solid
also contain unreacted dimethyl naphthalenes or reaction
intermediates due to partial oxidation, and the gamma 25 residue is formed essentially containing 2,7-naphthalene
dicarboxylic acid in the substantial absence of 2,6-naph
picoline may be used to selectively separate the 2,6-naph
thalene dicarboxylic acid.
thalene dicarboxylic acid from its isomers even in the
5. The method for extracting 2,7-naphthalene dicar
presence of such other components.
boxylic acid from a mixture thereof with 2,6-naphthalene
, Although, because of the high purity of the 2,7-naph
thalene dicarboxylic acid separated by the present process, 30 dicarboxylic acid, comprising contacting said mixture with
from about 1 to about 50 parts by weight of gamma
counter solvents or cosolvents are unnecessary, it may be
desirable at times to employ such counter solvents or co
solvents. The counter solvents or cosolvents may be use
picoline per part by weight of 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic
acid at a temperature in the range of from about —10° to
about 50° C., separating the resulting liquid phase from
ful in increasing the e?‘iciency of the gamma-picoline, or
increasing the selective rejection of the 2,6 isomer or other 35 the resulting solid phase, distilling gamma-picoline from
isomer of 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid during the
said liquid phase, washing the resulting solid residue from
separation process.
the distilling step with water, and recovering the washed
Counter solvents or cosolvents may
be particularly advantageous, for example, when operat
solid residue as substantially pure 2,7-naphthalene dicar
ing with very small amounts of gamma-picoline or when
boxylic acid.
of such counter solvents and cosolvents in extraction sys
tems is well known in the art and it is fully intended that
such use is contemplated herein.
It is evident from the foregoing that I have provided a
prises about equal volumes of 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic
acid and 2,6-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid.
operating outside the preferred temperature range. Use 40
6. The method of claim 5 wherein said mixture com
highly selective separation process for separating 2,7-naph
7. The method of claim 1 wherein said temperature is in
the range of from about -—l0° to about 50° C.
8. The method of claim 1 wherein said amount of
thalene dicarboxylic acid from isomers thereof using
gamma-picoline as the extractant. My process is partic
gamma-picoline is at least 1 part by weight per part by
weight of 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid in said mix
ularly useful in separating 2,7-naphthalene dicarboxylic
acid from admixture with 2,6-naphthalene dicarboxylic
ture.
acid such as occurs in mixtures of isomers resulting from
the oxidation of mixtures of dimethyl naphthalenes.
50
No references cited.
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