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Патент USA US3069705

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Dec. 25, 1962
'
R. c. HEGERFELD
3,069,695
SWIMMING POOLS
Filed Aug. 30, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
RICHARD C. HEGERFELD
BY
ATTORNEY
Dec. 25, 1962
R. QyHEGERFELD
'
3,069,695
SWIMMING POOLS
Filed Aug. 30, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
220 ‘220
2w @511INVENTOR,
RICHARD C. HEGERFEILD
ATTORNEY
sates ‘ateritti
ms
3,69,695
Patented Dec. 25, 1952
E
or similar material, and a backing plate 27 which may be
a channel iron for additional strength as shown in FIG;
3,0695%
§WWMING PGULS
Richard (I. Hegerfeld, Sank City, Wis.
Filed Aug. 3-59, 1961, $83‘. No. 134,975
I’; (Ilaims. L(€l. 4—172)
5. Facing strip 24» is secured to backing plate 27 by inset
screws 243 at various intervals.
When the screws 28 are
tightened, a water-tight seal is created at the joints of
the side edges 22a of the ?ber glass panels 22.
A modi?ed splice assembly is shown in FIG. 6 wherein
This invention relates to new and useful improvements
in the structure of swimming pools.
facing strip 2% has a greater curvature and more oval
My invention is an improvement of and a continuation
shape than facing strip 24. A further modi?ed means of
splicing the panels 22 is illustrated in FIG. 11, wherein
in-part of my co-pending application S.N. 48,613, ?led
August 10, 1960, for Swimming Pools and Construction
Methods.
as hereinafter described a double notched molding St;
is used.
It is an object of this invention to provide a swimming
The lower portion 23a of the panels 22. are set side
pool wherein the panels are securely anchored by supports
by side in a slot 31 in the concrete extending around the
seated in the concrete and the dirt ?ll on the outer side
edge 17 of the perimeter of the pool 15. The panels 22
of the panel.
should be level and plumb. Use of ?ber glass panels 22
It is a further object of my invention to provide a
permits the sidewall 21 to be smoothly curved to con
swimming pool having a ?ber glass sidewall which is sim
form to the desired shape of the pool. A rubber water
ple'to repair or replace in the event of damage thereto.
seal Ella may be used to form a seal between the panels
Another object of my invention is to provide a swim 20 22 and the concrete ?oor 16, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3.
ming pool which is relatively inexpensive and which can
Each ?ber glass panel 22 has a plurality of pipe support
be easily installed.
members 32, preferably three on each panel, which are
Another object of my invention is to provide a swim
secured by a U-shaped ?ber glass strip 33 which is fused
ming pool which readily complies with sanitary and safety
or otherwise secured to the rear face of the panel 22, as
requirements of various local and other building codes. ' shown in FIG. 4.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be
Each of the pipe support members 32 is provided with
obvious. from the following detailed description of one
a reinforcing bar 36, preferably of steel, having curved
embodiment thereof, and the accompanying drawings,
up‘ er and lower end portions 37 and 38, respectively,
wherein:
which hook into the respective upper and lower ends 34
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary top view of the swimming pool 30 and 35 of the pipe support members 32.. FIGS. 2 and 3
sidewalls showing the support members and means for
show that the reinforcing bar 36 preferably extends hori
Securing the ?ber glass panels together.
FIG. 2 is a side view partially in section of the panel
with concrete base and coping and support members.
‘FIG. 3 is a side sectional view partially in section of the
panel with concrete base and coping and support mem
bers and drain when a scum gutter is provided.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary top view of a ?ber glass panel
showing the pipe support member secured thereto.
FIG. 5 is a top view of a preferred method of securing
the ?ber glass panels together.
FIG. 6 is a top view of a modi?ed method of securing
the ?ber glass panels together.
FIG. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary side view, partially
zontally back from the pipe support member 32 to form
a base portion 39, then turning upward to form a vertical
'
portion 46 and then extending diagonally to form the
upper end Ill. The base portion 39 is preferably anchored
to the wire mesh 43 which reinforces the concrete ?oor
16 which extends beyond the sidewall 21 of the pool to
enclose the lower portion of the sidewall reinforcing
members.
In order to furnish additional support, a strengthening
bar 44 is used. The strengthening bar 44 has a short
horizontal side 45 and a short projecting end as at right
angles and on the same horizontal plane as side 45. The
short projecting end 416 extends under the curvature 42
in section showing the connection of support members at ,p. of the reinforcing bar 36, as shown particularly in FIG. 7,
6.21
the upper portion of the panel.
and is attached to the latter by a wire 47. The strength
FIG. 8 is a sectional side view of the preferred coping
ening bars 44 are preferably used with the reinforcing
molding for the sidewall panels.
bars 36 attached to the pipe support members 32 nearest
FIG. 9 is a fragmentary section view of the concrete
the outer edges 22a of the ?ber glass panels 22, as shown
floor of the pool and the pool drain.
50 in FIG. 1.
:FIG. 10' is a sectional side view of a modi?ed coping
Where a scum gutter is desired, or is required by local
molding for the sidewall panels.
ordinance, a scum gutter reinforcing bar 48, which may
FIG. 11 is an end view of a modi?ed molding material
be partially enclosed in pipe sleeve 49, is secured to the
for securing the ?ber glass panels together.
strengthening bar 44 by wires 50 and 51. FIG. 3 shows
The swimming pool may be of any desired shape, such 55 the scum gutter reinforcing bar 48 with a long diagonally
as rectangular, round, oval, kidney-shaped and so forth,
extending side 52, a horizontal side 53 and a relatively
because of the ?exibility of the ?ber glass sheets forming
short vertical side 54. The vertical side 54 may be par
the wall of the pool.
tially enclosed in a collar 55.
My swimming pool 15 has a concrete floor 16, which
As previously mentioned, the lower portions 23a of the
is preferably about three feet below the desired water 60 panels 22 are set in the concrete slot 31, and the con
level of the pool along the edge 17 of the entire perimeter
crete ?oor 16 extends beyond the sidewalls 21 to cover
of the pool. The concrete floor 16 then deepens as de
the lower portions of the reinforcing bars 36, the strength
ening bars 44.- and the scum gutter reinforcing bars 43.
sired toward the center of the pool 15, the lowest depth
F368. 2 and 3 show the concrete in extending above the
at which are located the drain l3 and the hydrostatic re
lief valve 19, with the drain pipe 20, as shown in FIG. 9. 6 lower end 35 of the pipe support members 32 to the pre
ferred level 56. The area 57 behind the panels 22 is
The sidewalls 21 of the pool 15 consist of a plurality
preferably ?lled with compacted sand and gravel 58 to
of panels 22, which are preferably formed of ?ber glass
the approximate level shown in FIGS. 2 and 3.
and are spliced together by a splice assembly consisting
A coping molding 59, which may be plastic or some
of a facing strip 24 of aluminum, chrome or other suit
other suitable material, is attached around the top 23b
able material that will not readily oxidize or deteriorate,
of the sidewall panels 22 as shown in FIG. 2. The pre
an inner gasket 25 and an outer gasket 26 of neoprene
ferred coping molding 5%‘ is shown more clearly in FIG
3,069,695
9
‘a
A
.
tending rearwardly from said panel, the lower portions
8. The molding 59 has an arcuate section 61 and a sub
of said panels being set in concrete and the upper and
stantially ?at skirt section 60' which is attached to the
lower portions of the reinforcing bars being set in upper
front face of the panels 22 near their top 23b by means
and lower concrete areas extending rearwardly from said
of attachment screws 63, which extend upward into the
panel 22 at an angle, which may be approximately 30°. UK panels, ?ll material behind said panels between said upper
and lower concrete areas, coping molding secured to the
The skirt 60‘ is preferably attached so that the bottom
upper portion of said panels, and a coping comprising said
62 of the coping molding arcuate section 61 is approxi
upper concrete area extending rearwardly from said cop
mately one-quarter inch below the top 23b of the panel,
ing molding.
as shown. Such a position permits the concrete coping
2. An outdoor swimming pool comprising a concrete
64 to form against both the front and rear faces of the 10
?oor, a sidewall consisting of individual vertically dis
panel 22 for added support. The concrete coping 64- with
posed panels having front and rear faces, the vertical
reinforcement wires 65 is laid on top of the sand and
edges of each said panel being in sealed engagement with
gravel ?ll 58, around the top 23b of the panel 22 and
the vertical sides of the adjoining panels, support mem
against the arcuate section 61 of the coping molding, to
bers secured to the rear face of each said panel, rein
cover the top portions of the reinforcement bars 36 and
forcing bars in communication with said support mem
strengthening bars 44, as shown in H6. 2. FIG. 10
bers extending rearwardly from said panel, the lower
shows a modi?ed coping molding 5% which may also
portions of said panels being set in concrete and the
be used with my invention. FIG. 3 illustrates the use of
upper and lower portions of the reinforcing bars being
the alternative coping molding 59a.
Where a scum gutter is provided, as illustrated in FIG.
3, the scum gutter concrete coping 66 is sloped downward
from the coping molding 59a toward drains 67, which
have an outlet 6% to a ?lter (not shown). A strip 69 of
?ber glass is located between the collar 55 and the drains
67, and sealed in place by the concrete coping behind and
between the drains 67. A scum gutter molding 73', which
is similar to the coping molding 59a is attached to the top
of the ?ber glass strips 69. An outer coping 71 with rein
forcement wires 72 is located behind the scum gutter
molding ‘7b to cover the upper portions of the scum gutter
reinforcing bars 48 and collar 55. ,
FIG. 11 shows an end view of a modi?ed molding 3b
with a groove 73 between extending edges 74 and 75,
and a similar groove 76 between extending edges 77 and
7 8. The respective side edges 22a of the ?ber glass panels
22 are extended into grooves 73 and ‘76. The molding
30 is composed of plastic, ?ber construction, or similar
material that will provide a water tight seal between the
?ber glass panels 22, and the molding extends the length
of the panels.
It is understood that the present invention is not con
?ned to the particular construction and arrangement of
parts herein described and illustrated, but embraces all
such modi?cations thereof as come within the scope of
the following claims.
I claim:
1. An outdoor swimming pool comprising, a concrete
?oor, a side-wall consisting of individually disposed
panels having front and rear faces, the vertical edges of
each said panel being in sealed engagement with the ver
tical edges of the adjoining panels, support members se
cured to the rear face of each said panel, reinforcing
bars in communication with said support members ex—
set in upper and lower concrete areas extending rear
wardly from said panels, ?ll material behind said panels
between said upper and lower concrete areas, coping
molding secured to the upper portion of said panels, a
coping comprising said upper concrete area extending
rearwardly from said molding, scum gutter means at:
tached to said coping.
3. An outdoor swimming pool comprising a concrete
?oor, a sidewall consisting of individual vertically dis-'
posed panels having front and rear faces, the vertical
edges of each of said panels being in sealed engagement
with the vertical sides of the adjoining panels, support
members secured to the rear face of each said panel,
reinforcing bars in communication with said support
members extending rearwardly from said panel, the lower
portions of said panels being set in concrete and the
upper and lower portions of the reinforcing bars being
set in upper and lower concrete areas extending rearward
ly from said panels, ?ll material behind said panels be
tween said upper and lower concrete areas, coping mold
ing secured to the upper portion of said panels, a coping
comprising said upper concrete area extending rearwardly
from said molding, scum gutter means attached to said
coping, the scum gutter means being formed by a rear
ward extension of said coping and reinforcement means
extending from said scum gutter means through said ?ll
material and anchored in said lower concrete area.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,797,397
2,888,818
3,015,191
Booraem et al _________ __ Mar. 24, 1931
Leuthesser ____________ __ June 2, 1959
Lucchesi _____________ __ Jan. 2, 1962
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