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Патент USA US3071255

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Jan. 1, 1963
'
s. SCHWARTZ
3,071,245
PILE FABRIC REEL
Filed July 11, 1960
2 ‘Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR. -
‘
50L SIHWAETZ
.BY %-43,/%
ATTdE/VEYS
Jan. 1, 1963
'
s. SCHWARTZ
3,071,245
PILE FABRIC REEL
Filed July 11, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
FIG. 3
29-5,
__
I
_
INVENTOR.
Kt’:
'
_
so; SCHWARTZ
38
-
ties
ice
1
3,071,245
FILE FABRIC REEL
Sol Schwartz, 67-40 173rd St, Flushing, N.Y.
Filed July 11, 196i), Ser. No. 41,962
9 lijluirns. (Cl. 266-51)
This invention relates generally to the pile fabric art
and more speci?cally it relates to a frame for packing pile
fabrics.
To protect the nap or pile of certain fabrics, it has been
the practice to wind such materials in substantially spiral- ,
1y separated layers by catching the edges of the material
over sharply pointed rigid supporting hooks on the oppo—
site end heads of a rotatably mounted rack or reel.
Patented Jan. l, 1963
2
a plurality of spacing bars or rods 17 and supported in
the machine by a rotatable shaft 18.
‘it should be noted that the details of the construction
and operation of the reel supports and the actuating
devices are not described in detail as they are disclosed in
detail in my previous patents. Suilicient to say, however,
that the shaft 13 with the reel assembly l4 secured there
to, are rotatable; and may be rotated by either manual,
partially automatic or completely automatic means.
As may be seen from FIG. 1, each of the heads 15 and
16 of the reel assembly 14 has a plurality of radiating
arms 19, 20, 21 and 22. Although the embodiment of
the invention herein depicted shows each head having
four such radiating arms, it is contemplated that there
This is a time consuming operation requiring the con 15 may be any number of such radiating arms as desired
for speci?c applications. Furthermore, groups or all of
the radiating arms may be assembled from a single length
stant attention of several skilled operators, and even
under the most favorable circumstances the cloth may
be unevenly stretched, torn or become otherwise detached
of material and may be connected at their outermost
from the hooks, resulting in impairment and injury to 20 ends for ease of assembly and for increased rigidity.
There is shown in FIG. 2 one of the preferred forms
the goods.
‘
Objects of the present invention are to avoid and to
eliminate these possibilities and to provide a machine in
which pile fabrics and the like may be quickly and accu
of construction of one of the radiating arm assemblies 19
although it is to be emphasized that each of the heads
should be similarly constructed. As therein shown, the
rately positioned and effectively secured without the possi 25 arm 19 is comprised primarily of a wire or rod 24 wound
in a substantially spiral form with uniformly spaced gaps
25 disposed between each adjacent loop of the spiral.
In my prior Patents 2,895,604; 2,944,751; and 2,944,
There is further provided a central longitudinal opening
bility of injury or coming loose as heretofore.
752, the above objects were accomplished by providing a
rack or reel having longitudinally aligned and evenly
spaced supports for the selvage edges of the fabric and the
provision of means for projecting binding wires succes
sively through these longitudinally spaced supports and
through the intervening layers of material positioned
therein.
The construction of such supports with longitudinally
aligned spaces is often expensive and requires the use of
special fabricating dies.
The instant device, however,
provides alternate means to accomplish the same result
possibly more economically and efficiently.
51 along the length of the spiral to receive and locate
the looking or binding wire 26 as will be hereinafter de
scribed in detail.
Referring again to FIG. 1, the edges of the pile fabric
28 are introduced to the spaced gaps 25 between adjoin
ing loops on the radiating arms to be wound thereon.
This engagement of the cloth over the successive spaced
gaps 25 may be a hand operation or may be effected
automatically or semi-automatically, as by using guides
to direct the cloth into successive notches.
One method
for automatically accomplishing this feed operation is dis
Additional primary objects of this invention are to pro 4:0 closed in my prior ?led applications hereinabove men
tioned. No matter what be the actuating means, however,
vide pile fabric supporting means that may be fabricated
the reel assembly lid is rotated a step at a time thereby
relatively economically from a reel of wire, as required,
winding the pile fabric 23 thereon in folds of successively
and that does not require either expensive dies or pre
larger diameter.
formed parts.
As mentioned, the spaced gaps 25 on each of the radiat
With these objects in view, the invention consists of the 45
ing arms of each head locate and separate each fold of
novel features of construction and arrangement of parts
the pile fabric 28 but it will still be necessary to lock the
which will appear in the following speci?cation and re
selvage edges of the cloth in place. This may be accom
cited in the appended claims, reference being had to the
plished by the utilization of binding wires 26 (see FIG.
accompanying drawings in which the same reference nu
merals indicate the same parts throughout the various 50 2). As the edges of the fabric are engaged in the opposing
spaced gaps in the reel heads, the binding wires 26, which
?gures and in which:
are positioned to move substantially through the longitu
FIG. 1 is a view in perspective of one form of the
dinal center of the spiral, are advanced one step to im
improved reel assembly rotatably attached to a suitable
pale the fabric edge located therein. Thus, the selvage
frame.
FIG. 2 is a detailed enlarged and abbreviated view of 55 edges of the fabric are located by the spaced gaps 25
of the spiral and are immediately locked in place by the
several coils of one of the arms of the reel assembly with
advancing binding wire 26. The means: for advancing
the pile fabric shown locked in place by the binding wire.
HO. 3 is a view in perspective of one of the heads of
a reel constituting an alternate embodiment of this device.
the binding wire 26 may consist of any manual or auto
matic means; but one such means is set forth in detail in
and 16 secured in a spaced and parallel relationship by
erable to secure each of the radiating arms 19 to the
PEG. 4 is a fragmentary enlarged and partially sectional 60 my prior ?led patents.
After a reel is fully loaded, the binding wires 26 may
view showing one possible construction of the embodi
be secured and the reel will be removed from the stand
ment of the invention primarily depicted in FIG. 3.
by any quick disconnect means utilized to secure it
HQ. 5 is a view taken substantially along line 5-5 of
thereto.
PEG. 4 demonstrating one method of fastening the cloth
It will thus be seen that there is above disclosed a rela
65
supports to a suitable frame.
tively economical but yet strong and ef?cient reel assem
FIG. 6 is an abbreviated view corresponding to FlG. 4
bly 14 for the safe support of pile fabrics.
but depicting an alternate embodiment thereof.
It is contemplated, however, that for additional strength
Referring to P168. 1 and 2 of the drawings, which illus
it may be necessary to attach each loop of each of the
trate what may be for some purposes a preferred embodi
radiating arms 19 to a support assembly, as by staples or
ment of the invention, there is illustrated a reel assembly 70 the like, for increased strength and load carrying capacity.
14 consisting primarily of a pair of opposite end heads 15
Additionally, it is possible and may sometimes be pref~
3,071,245
it
3
closely spaced turns of wire 29 having a longitudinal
support by means of an extending bar 17. In this em
bodiment, it is possible to partially or completely remove
any of the radiating arms 19 by withdrawing bar 17.
aperture 35 for the binding wire. Between each of the
groups of wound wire 29, there is provided a laterally
In any of the embodiments herein depicted, or rnen~
extending double U section 31, which will serve as the
tioned in any previously ?led patents, it may be possible
cloth support. It should be noted that, other than the
difference just mentioned, the operation of this embodi~
to extend a portion of the radiating arms 1?, through a
ment of the device is as described for the initial embodi~
support assembly. A similar bar 17 may then be provid
merit i.e. a plurality of radiating arms are positioned
ed on the outer side of the support to lock the radiating
to form end heads spaced as a reel assembly.
arm 19 securely in place in any of the embodiments pre
Although not necessarily limited thereto, this embodi
viously described or to be described hereinafter, it may 10
ment is shown as being ?xed to a larger frame member
be desirable to temporarily catch the selvage on the cloth
3t}. In one commercial form of the invention already
supoprts and this may be accomplished by providing the
constructed, frame member 30 is a relatively strong piece
cloth supports with sharp holding points 41 as shown in
of cardboard suitable to be placed as the end of a ship
FIG. 2. These sharp holding points may be located
ping crate. In that form it will merely be necessary
where most convenient for catching the selvage and
when removing the reel from the machine to enclose the
temporarily retaining it prior to the insertion of the wires.
sides of the cloth with cardboard or the like thereby form
Although there is illustrated a substantially circular
ing a ?nished shipping carton most economically and con
spiral, it should be amphasized that the essence of this
veniently. In this form of the embodiment, the reel as
embodiment of the construction is a continuously advanc
ing looped wire with uniformly spaced gaps between each 20 sernbly, including the two frame members 39 Will gen
erally be considered disposable and this thus contributes
loop. It may be preferable in certain instances to utilize
to the economy and usefulness of the device.
a similar continuously advancing looped wire With a shape
in the commercial embodiment of this invention al
other than circular. Indeed for more accurate location
and rigidity of the binding wire 26, it is contemplated
ready constructed, the lateral extending section 31 con
sists of extending substantially parallel receiving members
that the advancing looped Wire may be in the form of an
32 having substantially perpendicular extending portions
elongated ellipse with one end pinched together to a sep
34. The radiating arms may thus be quickly and easily
aration less than that of the binding wire 26 to prevent
assembled to the frame member 30 by any fastening
excessive movement of the binding wire in each of the
separate loops.
Of further importance is the fact that the rod material
24 utilized to form the spirally extending arms may be
of any diameter depending upon the fabric to be sup
ported thereon, and indeed may even be a hollow tube
itself for increased separation of the fabric. Similarly,
the spiral may be wound from a relatively thin ?at sheet
means such as staples across each of the extending por
tions 34. It will be realized that as set forth, extending
portions 34 will be parallel and immediately adjacent the
frame member 30.
It is possible in this form of the invention to feed the
binding wire 26, necessary to lock the edges of the fab
35 ric 28 within the section 31, from the outer sides of the
of material and yet function in the same manner as here
inbefore described.
There is shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 preformed spirally
frame member 30. FIG. 4 demonstrates this application.
It will be seen here that a wound extension 36 of each
of the radiating arms is passed through a suitable open
radiating arms and, as already mentioned, this may re
ing in the frame member 355 and at that point is sub
quire somewhat accurate feed means to lead the edges 40 stantially perpendicular to the said frame member. The
of the cloth to successive space gaps 25. This last men
wound extension 36 may be rigidly secured by any suit
tioned means may be eliminated thereby providing a more
able bracket 33. The binding wire 26 then may be fed
_ automatic foolproof machine simply by utilizing the sim
into the central aperture 35 through the outer edge of the
ple expedient of winding the spirally extending arms as
frame member 3%.
the cloth is wound. Initially, the extending arm would
To more accurately and securely position the binding
have but one loop at its inner-most point. After the
Wire 26 as it successively advances through the radiating
material is wound against this one loop, the die assembly
arms, each of the portions of the arm may be tapered like
would bend the arm into a second adjacent loop thereby
a funnel, as indicated in the embodiment of the inven
locating the fabric. The binding wire 26 would then ad
tion depicted in FIG. 6. In that embodiment each of the
vance the ?rst notch, locking the fabric 28 in place. On
sections 40 has a relatively large central aperture at its
the next successive pass of the same arm, a third loop
wire receiving end and gradually reduces to a relatively
may be formed by a suitable die locating the second fold
small aperture at its wire ejecting end. The remainder
of the fabric in place and the binding wire 26 would be
advanced the second notch. This same operation would
of the operation of this form of the invention is as previ
ously described.
be repeated each time the arm makes a pass until the 55
Of course it must always be realized that the central
feature of each of the species of this invention is the
laterally disposed cloth supports utilized to lock the edges
this same simultaneous feeding and forming operation will
of the fabric in place. It is, of course, possible to pro
concurrently be performed on each of the radiating arms
duce still other embodiments of this invention without
of each of the heads.
60 departing from the inventive concept herein disclosed.
In the embodiment above described, it is contemplated
An alternate device and method for accomplishing the
that as the cloth is wound, the binding wire 26 will ad
same result relatively automatically would be to provide
vance, thereby impaling the fabric and locking it secure
a series of evenly spaced hinged or otherwise movable
ly in place. However, it is equally possible to utilize a
hooks. Initially, only the ?rst or innermost hook on
arm is completely loaded, at which time it will also be
completely formed. Of course, it will be understood that
substantial stationary binding wire but instead, rotate
each of the spirally radiating arms. If the spirally radiat
ing arms are rotated a full turn or 360 degrees, it will, in
each of the radiating arms would be in a position to re
ceive and thereby catch the edge of the material to be
wound. After the ?rst pass of the radiating arms, the
second hook is urged into the cloth receiving position to‘
effect, move the fabric into the relatively stationary bind
ing wire 26 the distance equivalent to the lead of the
spiral; which is, of course, the distance of separation of 70 receive the second fold of the fabric. The same pro
cedure will be repeated in turn until the reel is entirely
each of the spaced gaps 25.
There is disclosed in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5 an alternate em
bodiment of the instant invention. Instead of the singu
and completely loaded.
Although there was previously heretofore mentioned,
only one fold of the material between each of the cloth
larly spaced loops described heretofore, there is here
shown a cloth supporting assembly having a plurality of 75 supports, it is preferable in certain applications,rsuch as
3,071,245
5
with velvet, etc., to locate a plurality of such folds in
each of the gaps between the spaced cloth supports.
The foregoing will su?ice to impart a clear under
standing of the invention without further explanation.
While there are above disclosed but a limited number
of embodiments of this device, it is desired that only such
limitations be imposed on the appended claims as are
stated therein, or required by the prior art.
Having thus described my invention and illustrated its
6
6. A reel for receiving fabric comprising, a pair of
frame members disposed in a parallel spaced relation~
ship, a bar connecting said frame members, each of said
members having radially extending arms and formed from
a single helically looped strip of metal, :a spaced gap
between each of said loops to receive the fabric, and
means for locking said fabric within said loop, said means
including a binding wire extending through each of said
loops on each arm.
use, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters 10
7. A reel for receving fabric comprising, a pair of
frame members disposed in a parallel spaced relationship,
heads, each of said end heads having a plurality of radi
ally extending arms, each of said arms consisting of a
bers having radially extending arms and formed from a
Patent is:
1. A fabric storing reel comprising, at least two end
a bar connecting said frame members, each of said mem
helically looped strip of metal, said loops on each of said
continuously extending spiral with spaced gaps between 15 arms arranged in spaced groups, each of said groups being
each loop of said spiral thereby forming spaced cloth
connected by a laterally displaced and longitudinally ex
supports.
tending connecting wire thereby forming a fabric support.
12. A fabric receiving reel comprising, a pair of end
8. A reel for receiving fabric comprising, a pair of
heads, each of said end heads having a plurality of radi
frame members disposed in a parallel spaced relationship,
ally extending arms, a member rigidly joining said end 20 a bar connecting said frame members, each of said mem
heads, each of said arms consisting of a spirally wound
bers having radially extending arms and formed from
strip of material, said strip of material shaped to de?ne
a helically looped strip of metal, said loops on each of
spaced cloth supports therealong, and a longitudinally
said arms arranged in spaced groups, each of said groups
extending passage through the center thereof.
being connected by a laterally displaced and longitudinal
3. A fabric receiving reel comprising, a pair of oppo 25 ly extending connecting wire thereby forming a fabric
site end heads, means securing said end heads in a spaced
support, and means for fastening said fabric in each of
said fabric supports.
a plurality of radiating arms, said arms being wound in
9. A reel for receiving fabric comprising, a pair of
a longitudinally extending substantially spiral form with
frame members disposed in a parallel spaced relationship,
spaced gaps disposed between each adjacent loop of said 30 a bar connecting said frame members, each of said mem
spiral, and a central longitudinal opening along the length
bers having radially extending arms and formed from a
of said spiral and said radiating arms, said central longi
helically looped strip of metal, said loops on each of
tudinal opening being adapted to receive an extending
said arms arranged in spaced groups, each of said groups
binding wire whereby the fabric fed to each of said
being connected by a laterally displaced and longitudi
loops may be locked in place.
nally extending connecting wire thereby forming a fabric
4. A fabric receiving reel comprising, a pair of end
support, and means for fastening said fabric in each of
heads, said end heads having a plurality of radiating arms,
said fabric supports, said means including a binding wire
each of said arms being formed from a length of ‘ad
extending through said loops in each of said arms.
and parallel relationship, each of said end heads having
vancing spirally wound looped wire with spaced gaps be
tween each of said loops, and ‘a longitudinal opening 40
through each of said loops and along the length of each
of said radially extending arms.
5. A reel for receiving fabric comprising, a pair of
frame members disposed in a parallel spaced relationship,
a bar connecting said frame members, each of said mem—
bers having radially extending arms and formed from a
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
370,479
Bancroft ____________ .__ June 20, 1893
2,315,532
2,895,604
Lucia et al. __________ __ Apr. 6, 1943
Schwartz ____________ __ July 21, 1959
1,170
Great Britain ________________ __ 1891
single helically looped strip of metal, a spaced gap be
tween each of said loops to receive the fabric, and
means for locking said fabric within said loop.
Hunt ________________ __ Sept 27, 1887
499,774
FOREIGN PATENTS
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