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Патент USA US3071877

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Jan. 8, 1963
'r. |_. BARBER
3,071,867
GARBAGE STORAGE VAULT
Filed June 10.“ 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1v
I. "Q34:
3
Eng-7.
98
48 5°‘
{
38
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l
38
32 '
TRAVIS
3o
/
50
45
INVENTOR.
L. BARBER
ATTQRN EYS
Jan. 8, 1963
T. L. BARBER
3,071,867
GARBAGE STORAGE VAULT
Filed June 10. 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
ATTORN EVS
3,071,867
United States Patent @??ce
Bat-tented Jane 8, 1963
2
1.
The casing 10 is provided‘ with’ a sectional lid or'cover
3,071,867
30‘ which is composed of‘ a-?at closure section 32, slightly
larger in area than the open top of‘ the casing, and a
GARBAGE STGRAGE VAULT’
Travisrls. Barber, 2637 §W. 41st St,»
Girlahoma City, Okla.
hat normally pendant section 34 for covering the open
Filed June 10, 1960,,Ser. N0..35,254.
7" Claims. (Cl; 34—-80)
hinged,‘ along its elevated rear edge 36', to the'upper edge
‘
front of the casing.
The closure section 32 is suitably
of the casing‘ rear wall 14, as indicated at- 38', and the‘
Thi'sinvention relates toi'a‘ novel‘ and improved storage
pendant section 34 is suitably hinged, along its upper
edge 40,‘ and’ at the inner’sidethereof, as-indicated at 42,
vault for Waste material, especially garbage, having auto
mat1c aerating and deodorizing means.
to the underside of- the closure section 32, along a line‘
The primary object of the invention is the provision of
anie?iciennsanitary, conveniently used device of the kind
indicated wherein garbage containers placed‘ therein are
protectively enclosed against the weather and against
spacedinwardly from the depressed forward edge 44 of
the latter, so that a protective eave 46. is de?ned, which
extends forwardly beyond the joint between the sections,
as shown in FIGURE 3.
access‘ thereto of animals and- insects, and are readily 15
Fixed, as- indicated at 48, upon the closure section 32
reached and removed by garbage collectors, and wherein
at the ends thereof and‘ reaching‘ rearwardly beyond its
rear edge 36, are generally horizontal weights 56)‘, which
counterbalance the pendant section 34, and facilitate open
air circulating means provides a forced circulation of out-‘
side air within the vault and across the garbage containers
ing of the cover, from a closed position, in conjunction
with the counterweighting effect of a counterweight 52.
The counterweight 52 is. preferably in the form of a
vertically elongated weighty body ‘54 which has a cable
56 suitably connected, at one end, to its upper end, andv
which is connected, at its other end, as indicated at 58,
so: as to maintain the containers and their contents in a
drly‘condition; and deodorizingmeans'provides trapping
and'neutralizing of the odors generated within the vault,
the device being especially suited to use by hotels and
other‘ establishments having a relatively large production
ofewaste material.
Another object of the invention is to provide a‘ device‘ 25 to the closure section 32 of the lid 34), at a location mid
of the. character indicated above which has a counter
weighte‘d lid or cover, affording reliable and complete
way between its end and near its forward edge 44. The
counterweight body 54 is slidably con?ned within a.
closure of the vault and‘ easy access thereto for place- -
vertical guide pipe 60 which is ?xed, by vertically spaced
ment and'removal of garbage containers.
brackets 62, to the rear side of the rear casing wall 14,
A further object of the invention is to provide, in a 30 and- extends thereabove. The, guide pipe 60. has an open
device of the character indicated above, novel air ?ltering
upper end 64', whereat a pulley 66 is provided, over which.
andrideodorizing means which involves a ?lter pad, to
the cable 56 is trained into the pipe.
whichtwater containingdeodorant-is automatically fed,
be~operated without the counterweight 52, but operates
The cover 30 can
and through. which air is automatically drawn from the
more ~ smoothly therewith.
vault and deodorized into the outside air in a clean and 35
The right-hand or second end wall 20 of the casing. 10
deodorized condition.
is formed with an outside air‘ inlet opening 68. which is
Other important objects and advantageous features ofv
located at the lower for-Ward corner thereof, and is.
the invention: will be apparent from the following de
covered by a screen 70. The casing rear wall 14 is pro
scription and the accompanying drawings, wherein, for
vided, in the upper corner thereof, adjacent to the ?rst or
purposes-of illustration only, a specific form of the in 40 left-hand end wall 18, with an air outlet or discharge
vention is set forth in detail.‘
opening 72, around which is suitably ?xed to the inner or
In. the? drawings:
forward side'of the.v rear wall 14, an electric fan. frame;
_ FIGURE 1 is a rear perspective view- of a device of ‘the
74, in which is centrally mounted a motor 76 having a
invention;
horizontal axis fan 78, facing. the opening 72, the blades
FIGUREZ is an enlarged vertical longitudinal section 45 of the fan 78 being pitched to pull air‘ through the casing
taken'on ther'line 2—2 of, FIGURE 1, garbage containers
from the inlet opening 68 to and force the air out through
or: cans being shown thereinvin phantom lines;
the outlet or discharge opening. 72. Suitable electric con
FIGURE ,3 is a-vertical transverse section taken on the
nections and switching means for the fan motor 76 (not
line 3-3‘ lofFIGURE 2, showing the lid or cover in'
shown.) are provided ‘for substantially continuously
closed position; and'
operating thefan 78‘while the vault is in use. With a
FIGURE .4 is a vertical transverse section taken on the
rowv of'spaced garbage containers or cans v82 resting upon
line 4—4=of.FlGURE 2, the cover or‘ lid being in open
> the casing bottom wall 12, between and spaced from the
position.
-
Referringin detail‘ to the drawings, wherein like nu
merals designate like parts throughout the several views,
the illustrated device comprises a longitudinally elongated
generally rectangular, open-top, open front casing 10,
preferably made up of sheet metal and angle irons. The
casingxlt) comprises a ?at bottom wall 12, a perpendicular
rear wall 14, and perpendicular end walls 18 and 20.
casing end walls. 18, .20, operation of the fan 78 pulls
outside air through the inlet opening 63, so that the air
55
circulatesilaround and ‘betweenand over the cans, and the.
contents thereof, and ?nally reaches and passes out
through the. discharge opening 72, so that odor producing
and other: noxious. matter and excess moistureentrained
in the air iscarried out of the casing, instead of accumu
60 lating in the. casing.
The Walls are‘joined together and braced by horizontal
.
angle‘irons 22rand'vertical angle irons 24', and forwardly
For clearing, cleaning, and. de-odorizing. the air dis
charged through the opening ’72, there is suitably mount
declining angle irons 25 are secured on and extend along
the ‘upper edges of the end walls 18 and 20. The vertical
angle irons 24, at‘the corners of; the casing 10, are ex
tended downwardly below the bottom wall 12, and have
the discharge opening 72,, a rectangular pan-shaped hous
lateral ?anges 2‘6.on their lower ends, through which are
threaded vertically adjustable, ground-engaging levelling
bolts 28, so .that‘th‘e‘casing 10 canbe supported in a level
ed on the exterior of the rear casing wall 14, around
‘
ing-84having a sidewall 86, an abbreviated bottom wall
88, and an internal ?ange 90,, spaced from the. bottom
wall 38;
The housing 84 is larger in area than the
discharge.v opening 72 and extends therebelow, as is a
rectangular ?ltering andideodorizingpad92, which is sup
positionion a surface and with'anoutside air space‘b‘e 70 ported between the housing bottom wall SS'and the flange
tween such'surfaceand the‘bottom of ‘the casing.
99; and extends acrossthe opening '72. The major area
3,071,867
4
3
of the housing bottom wall 88 is occupied by a circular
outlet opening 94, around which is suitably secured the
forward end of an elbow £316 on the lower end of an
upstanding perpendicular ?ue pipe 98.
opening to the exterior of the casing, said cover com
prising a closure section normally overlying and closing
the open top of the casing, and a pendant section hinged
The ?ue pipe
on said closure section and normally depending along
98 has an open upper end 100, which is disposed above
the casing 19, and has a conical cap supported thereon.
and closing the front of the casing and counter-weight
means on the rear wall and operatively connected to
Liquid cleansing and deodorizing solution is fed to
the housing 84 by a pipe or hose 104, leading through
the top of the housing 84 and discharging onto the pad
the closure section, said closure section having a rear
edge hinged on the upper edge of the rear wall and
having a forward edge on which the pendant section
92 from a suitable driven pump 106 which is located 10 is hinged, and handle means on said pendant section
for pulling the pendant section and the closure section
within a tank 198 which is mounted on the casing rear
forwardly and downwardly to closed position.
wall 14. A return pipe or hose 1G9 leads from the
bottom of the housing 84 to the tank 108.
Supported
3. A garbage storage vault comprising an open-top
casing having a bottom wall, a rear wall, and an open
tion reservoir 110, having a ?lling cap 112, which has 15 front, and ?rst and second end walls, a cover normally
on the casing rear wall, above the tank 108, is a solu
closing the open top and the front of the casing and
gravity communication with the tank 108 by means of
a pipe 114 leading into the tank through a ?oat-controlled
hinged on the rear wall, a screened outside air inlet
formed in the lower part of one end wall, a wall of said
valve 116, whereby a predetermined level of solution
casing remote from said one end wall having an air
is maintained in the tank 168. The pump 106 is adapted
to be substantially continuously operated during use of 20 discharge opening in an upper part thereof, and fan
means for circulating air from said inlet opening across
the vault, so that the pad 92 can continuously operate
the interior of the casing to and through said discharge
to clean and deodorize air passed therethrough.
opening to the exterior of the casing, said cover com
As shown in FIGURE 3, the pendant section 34 of
prising a closure section normally overlying and clos
the casing cover or lid 30 preferably extends to the
bottom of the front of the casing 10, in the closed posi 25 ing the open top of the casing, and a pendant section
hinged on said closure section and normally depend
tion of the cover, and the pendant section 34 is pro
ing along and closing the front of the casing and counter
vided, at its lower end, with one or more external handles
weight means on the rear wall and operatively connected
113. For moving the cover to its open position, the
handle 118 is grasped and pulled upwardly and then
to the closure section, said closure section having a rear
pushed rearwardly, so that the closure section assumes 30 edge hinged on the upper edge of the rear wall and
having a forward edge on which the pendant section is
the acutely angled or perpendicular vertical position,
hinged, and handle means on said pendant section for
shown in FIGURE 4, with the pendant section 34 de
pulling the pendant section and the closure section for
pending in perpendicular position. In these positions
wardly and downwardly to closed position, means com
of the cover sections, the weights 50 are out of posi
tion to exert their full cover depressing force, so that 35 prising a vertical guide pipe ?xed on the casing rear
wall and rising above the casing, said pipe having an
the weight of the counterweight 54 is sutlicient to hold
upper end, a pulley mounted on the pipe at its upper
the cover in its open position, so as to afford free and
end, a cable having a ?rst end connected to the closure
unemcumbered access to the interior of the casing 10.
section of the cover at its forward edge, said cable being
Pulling the handle 118 forwardly and downwardly re
40 trained over said pulley and having a second end within
stores the cover to its closed position.
the pipe, and a counterweight ?xed to said second end
While there has been shown and described herein a
of the cable and sliding in the pipe.
preferred form of the invention, it is to be understood
4. A garbage storage vault comprising an open-top
that the invention is not necessarily con?ned thereto,‘
casing having a bottom wall, a rear wall, and an open
and that any change or changes in the structure of and
in the relative arrangements of components thereof are 45 front, and ?rst and second end walls, a cover normally
closing the open top and the front of the casing, and
contemplated as being within the scope of the inven
hinged on the rear wall, a screened outside air inlet
tion as de?ned by the claims appended hereto.
formed in the lower part of one end wall, said rear
What is claimed is:
wall having an air discharge opening in an upper part
1. A garbage storage vault comprising an open-top
casing having a bottom wall, a rear wall, and an open 50 thereof, and fan means for circulating air from said
inlet opening across the interior of the casing to and
front, and ?rst and second ends walls, a cover normally
through said discharge opening to the exterior of the
closing the open top and the front of the casing and
casing, said fan means comprising a closed housing ?xed
hinged on said rear wall, a screened outside air inlet
on the outer side of the casing rear wall and opening
formed in the lower part of one end wall, a wall of said
casing remote from said one end ‘wall having an air 55 to said discharge opening, an upstanding ?ue pipe hav
ing a lower end communicating with said housing, and an
discharge opening in an upper part thereof, and fan
air cleaning and ?ltering pad mounted in said housing
means for circulating air from said inlet opening across
across the air discharge opening between the discharge
the interior of the casing to and through said discharge
opening and the line pipe.
opening to the exterior of the casing, said cover com
prising a closure section normally overlying and clos 60
5. A garbage storage vault comprising an open-top
ing the open top of the casing, and a pendant section
casing having a bottom wall, a rear wall, and an open
hinged on said closure section and normally depending
front, and ?rst and second end walls, a cover normally
along and closing the front of the casing and counter
closing the open top and the front of the casing and
weight means mounted on the rear wall and operatively
hinged on the rear wall, a screened outside air inlet
connected to the closure section.
65 formed in the lower part of one end wall, said rear wall
2. A garbage storage vault comprising an open-top
casing having a bottom wall, a rear wall, and an open
front, and ?rst and second end walls, a cover normally
closing the open top and the front of the casing and
having an air discharge opening in an upper part thereof,
and fan means for circulating air from said inlet Open
ing across the interior of the casing to and through said
discharge opening to the exterior of the casing, said
hinged on the rear Wall, a screened outside air inlet 70 fan means comprising a closed housing ?xed on the
outer side of the casing rear wall and opening to said
formed in the lower part of one end wall, a wall of
discharge opening, an upstanding ?ue pipe having a low
said casing remote from‘ said one end wall having an
er end communicating with said housing, and an air
air discharge opening in an upper part thereof, and fan
cleaning and ?ltering pad mounted in said housing across
means for circulating air from said inlet opening across
the interior of the casing to and through said discharge 75 the air discharge opening between the discharge opening
8,071,867
5
6
and the ?ue pipe, and a fan mounted on the inner side
of the casing rear wall and registering with the discharge
wall having an air discharge opening in an upper part
thereof, and fan means for circulating air from said in
opening.
let opening across the interior of the casing to and
6. A garbage storage vault comprising an open-top
through said discharge opening to the exterior of the
casing having a bottom wall, a rear wall, and an open
front, and ?rst and second end walls, a cover normally
casing, said cover comprising a closure section normally
overlying and closing the open top of the casing, and a
pendant section hinged on said closure section and nor
closing the open top and the front of the casing and
hinged on the rear wall, a screened outside air inlet
formed in the lower part of one end wall, said rear
mally depending along and closing the front of the casing,
said closure section having a rear edge hinged on the
Wall having an air discharge opening in an upper part 10 upper edge of the rear wall and having a forward edge
on which the pendant section is hinged, cover opening
thereof, and fan means for circulating air from said
means mounted on the casing at the rear thereof and
inlet opening across the interior of the casing to and
through said discharge opening to the exterior of the
connected to said closure section, and handle means on
said pendant section for moving the pendant section
casing, said fan means comprising a closed housing ?xed
on the outer side of the casing rear wall and opening 15 and the closure section forwardly and downwardly to
closed position, said cover opening means including
to said discharge opening, an upstanding flue pipe hav
Weights ?xed on the closure section and extending rear
ing a lower end communicating with said housing, and
an air cleaning and ?ltering pad mounted in said hous
wardly beyond the rear edge thereof.
ing across the air discharge opening between the dis
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
charge opening and the flue pipe, and a fan mounted 20
on the inner side of the casing rear wall and registering
UNITED STATES PATENTS
with the discharge opening, air cleaning and deodor
izing solution supplying means connected to said hous
ing and supplying solution to said pad.
7. A garbage storage vault comprising an open-top 25
casing having a bottom wall, a rear wall, and an open
front, and ?rst and second end walls, a cover normally
closing the open top and the front of the casing and
hinged on the rear wall, a screened outside air inlet
formed in the lower part of one end wall, the rear 30
800,681
1,281,587
1,282,363
1,327,120
1,831,687
2,589,358
2,846,696
Roberts _______________ __ Oct. 3,
Kovachevich _________ __ Oct. 15,
Barducci _____________ __ Oct. 22,
Stewart _______________ __ Jan. 6,
Ross ________________ __ Nov. 10,
1905
1918
1918
1920
1931
Feiertag _____________ __ Mar. 18, 1952
Herriott _____________ __ Aug. 12, 1958
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