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Патент USA US3071949

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Jan. 8, 1963
H. J. FEIBELMAN
3,071,939
MAGNETIC EARRING WITH SLIDABLY PIVOTED ‘CLAMP MEMBERS
Filed May 27, 1960
fizz/Qatar,‘
3,071,939
United States Patent @?hce
Patented Jan. 8, 1963
2
1
the magnetic earring discussed in the aforesaid copending
applications and is designed to eliminate the objectionable
pinching heretofore associated with earrings. However,
071,939
MAGNETIC EARRING’ WlTH SLIDABLY PIVOTED
CLAMP MEMBERS
in the present invention the ornament assembly and re
Hans J. Feihelman, Cranston, R.I., assignor to Coro, Inc, Or taining unit are interconnected so that the magnetic ele
of Rhode Island, Providence, R.I., a corporation of
ments associated therewith cannot be mislaid or lost when
Rhode Island
the earring construction is removed from the wearer’s
ear. The present invention further includes the principle
of utilizing a mild steel pole piece in the form of a metal
lic shell that is placed around one of the magnetic ele
Filed May 27, 1960, Ser. No. 32,364
1 Claim. (Cl. 63-14)
The present invention relates to a magnetic earring
construction. More particularly, the present invention
ments, the mild steel pole piece being adapted to direct
the magnetic ?ux into a smaller area at the pole face of
relates to an earring that includes magnetic elements that
cooperate to effectively retain an earring on the ear lobe
of the wearer.
'
the magnetic element it surrounds, thereby increasing
the magnetic ?ux paths between the oppositely positioned
'
The usual construction of earrings heretofore has re 15 magnetic elements. By increasing the working flux, a
more direct ?ux path with less leakage is produced, there
quired that a clamping element be utilized to eifectively
by increasing the force between the magnetic elements
retain the earring on the ear lobe of the wearer. These
clamping elements have normally consisted of a screw
type of clamp or a clip type of clamping element that co
and enabling them to be more eifectively clamped on the
ear lobe of the wearer.
"acts with an upright arm to which the ornament is secured 20
for effectively retaining the earring on the wearer’s ear
lobe. Many'women object to the clamp type of earring
because of the pressure necessary to maintain the earring
,
_
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention
to provide an earring construction that includes magnetic
assemblies that are interconnected and that are adapted
.to effectively retain the earring construction on the ear
lobe of the wearer.
7' on the ear lobe, and as a result, these heretofore known
types of clamping elements for earrings frequently had
Still another object is to provide magnetic elements
to be adjusted in accordance with the requirements of
‘ the wearer. However, due to the particular construction
of these prior known clamping types of earrings, it was
that are located in interengaging relation through inter
connecting means and are adapted to, be placed on on
posite sides of a wearer’s ear lobe for effectively retain
not feasible or practical to eifect an adjustment of the
ing an earring ornament in position thereon. .
clamping element, and therefore if the pressure exerted
Still another object is to provide magnets for use in an
earring construction that are mounted in interconnected
assemblies and wherein at least one of the magnets is
positioned in a metallic shell that de?nes a mild steel
on the ear lobe by the clamping element became unbear
able, -the earring had to be removed. Some attempts
have been made heretofore to adjust the spring of these
pole piece for directing the magnetic flux into a smaller
clamping types of earrings, one example of which is illus
trated in Patent No. 2,809,501. Although the adjustable 35 area at the pole face thereof, thereby increasing the force
between the magnets when they are mounted on opposite
clamp shown in Patent No. 2,809,501 did eifectively ad
~ just the clamping element spring in accordance with the
v
sides of the earlobe of the wearer.
_
.
Still another object is to provide interconnecting means
for use in a magnetic earring construction wherein the
wearer’s requirements, this type of earring construction
necessarily included several additional parts‘therein, and
therefore the cost of manufacture of the earring was
somewhat increased. In order to ‘avoid utilizing extra
retaining unit of the earring construction is pivotally
mounted with respect to the ornament assembly thereof.
Still another object is to provide a retaining unit hav
parts or elements in the earring construction and to also
alleviate the pinch- normally associated with clamping
ing a magnet associated therewith for use in a magnetic
earring construction, wherein the retaining unit is pivot
developed. The magnetic earring normally comprises an 45 ally and slidably mounted with respect to the ornament
‘ types of earrings, the magnetic type of earring has been
assembly of the earring construction.
‘ ornament assembly which includes any suitable ornament
will become apparent as the description thereof proceeds
when considered in connection with the accompanying
' which also includes a magnet element is adapted to co
operate with the ornament assembly, and in use the mag
illustrative drawings.
A ‘nets are positioned on opposite sides of the ear lobe in
; found favor in the trade since ‘the magnetic elements
utilized have a relatively large engaging surface and
' therefore relieve the pinch normally associated with the
, clamp type of earring. However, heretofore, in practice
the ornament assembly and retaining unit have, normal
_
In the drawings which illustrate the best mode pres
‘,magnetic attraction ‘and thereby retain ‘the ornament
:assembly in proper position on the outer surface of the.
'_W6‘8I‘61"S ear lobe. The magnetic type of earring has
'
Other objects, features and advantages of the inventon
and a magnet element secured thereto. A retaining unit
ently contemplated by me for carrying out my invention:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view with parts shown in
section
of one form of the earring construction embodied
55
in the present invention and further illustrating in dotted
lines the various positions of the retaining unit as it-is
pivotally and slidably moved with respect to the ornament
assembly;
'
, 1y beenunconnected and independent of each other, and 60 FIG. '2 is a rear view of the ornament assembly illus
trated in FIG. 1 and further showing the retaining unit I
thus, when the ornament assembly was ‘removed from
disposed in the lower position shown in ‘dotted lines in
the ear of the wearer, unless vit was immediately joined in
magnetic attraction, to .the retaining unit, the separable
_ ornament assembly, and retaining unit could be separated
FIG. 1;
'FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along lines 3-3 in
and thereby become lost or "mislaid. Earrings utilizing 63 Cu
the magnetic principle for retaining an ornament assem
FIG. 1;
bly ‘on the ear lobe of the 'wearer are shown in copend
the magnetic earring construction and illustrating a modi
?ed form of the interconnecting structure that joins the
ing applications Serial No. 1,806, ?led January 11, 1960,
and entitled “Magnetic Earring,” now abandooned, and
Serial No. 716,234, ?led March 21, 1960, now US. Patent 70
No. 3,034,320, entitled “Magnetic Earring Construction.”
The present invention ‘incorporates the principle of
a
FIG. 4 is a side elevational view showing a portion of
ornament assembly and retaining unit;
,
‘
'
FIG. 5 is a bottom plan view of the interconnecting
means ‘illustrated ‘in FIG. 4, parts being broken away and
shown in section;
3,071,939
3
4
FIG. 6 is a side elevation view of a portion of the mag
force therebetween and the magnet 20, a steel shell 26 is
netic earring construction showing a further modi?ed
form of the interconnecting structure that joins the orna
provided and is dimensioned to snugly receive the magnet
24 therein, a pole face 28 of the magnet 24 being exposed.
The edges of the steel shell 26 adjacent the pole face 28
are oppositely charged with respect thereto and cooperate
to direct the flux paths of the magnet into a smaller area.
The magnetic pole area is thus decreased, which in effect
ment assembly and retaining unit; and
FIG. 7 is a bottom plan view of the interconnecting
structure illustrated in FIG. 6.
Referring now to the drawings and particularly to
FIGS. 1 through 3, the magnetic earring construction
increases the ?ux density, thereby markedly increasing
embodied herein is illustrated and is generally indicated
at 10. The magnetic earring construction 10 comprises
an ornament assembly generally indicated at 12 and a
retaining unit generally indicated at 1.4, the ornament
assembly 12 including an ornamental member 16 that
may be formed in any desired con?guration or design,
but as illustrated in the drawings, is shown in the form of
an enlarged pearl button. The ornament assembly 12
and retaining unit 14 are shown in opposed and spaced
relation, and it is understood that the ornament assembly
is adapted to be placed on the front surface of the wear
er’s ear, while the ‘retaining unit is adapted to be placed 20
the force between the magnets 20 and 24. The shell 26
is formed of a mild steel material and may be polished
or coated to produce an ornamental ?nish as desired. It
is seen that the increase in force between the magnets 20
and 24 due to the decreasing of the pole area of the mag
net 24 results in a stronger retaining action of the mag
netic earring construction when it is applied to the earlobe
of the wearer.
In the present invention it is desirable to permanently
interconnect the retaining unit 14 with the ornament as
sembly 16 so that when the earring construction 10 is
removed from the ear of the wearer the magnets 21} and .
in contact with the rear surface of the wearer’s ear lobe.
24 cannot become lost or mislaid.
Referring to FIG. 1, the ornament assembly 12 is
shown including the ornamental member 16 which is
formed of any desired material, such as metal, plastic or
the like. The outer surface of the ornamental member
unit 14 must have some freedom of movement with re
16 is generally convex in con?guration, and the rear sur
face thereof is formed with a recess 18 in which a magnet
indicated at 20 is mounted. The magnet 20 is secured
within the recess 18 'by an adhesive material or the like,
Since the retaining
spect to the ornament assembly 16 in order that the mag
net 24 ?ts ?ush against the rear surface of the ear lobe
of the wearer, an interengaging structure is provided that
enables the retaining unit 14 to be slidably and pivotally
moved with respect to the ornament assembly 16. As
shown in FIGS. 1 through 3, this interengaging structure
includes a loop 30 that is secured to the ring 22 and pro
or, if preferred, a retaining element such as a disc may 30 jects outwardly therefrom and toward the retaining unit
14. Joined to and depending from the metallic shell or
be secured to the rear of the ornamental member 16 so
that it overlaps a portion of the magnet 26 to effectively
retain the magnet Within the recess 18. Also secured to
the rear surface of the ornamental member 16 is a ring
22, the outer diameter of which is somewhat less than the
diameter of the rear surface of the ornamental member
16 and the inner diameter of which de?nes an opening
for receiving the magnet 20 therein. The ring 22 is pref
housing 26 by a neck portion 34 is a projecting member
32 that is formed with an enlarged outer end in which a
square-shaped opening 33 is formed. Interengaging the
' loop 30 and the projecting member 32 is an arm 36 that
includes an end portion 38 that is bent to de?ne an opening
for receiving the ring 30 therethrough, whereby pivotal
movement of the arm 36 with respect to the ornament
assembly 12 is provided. The other end of the arm 36
erably mounted in a convenient recess formed in the rear
surface of the ornamental member 16 so that the outer 40 projects through the opening 33 in the downwardly pro
jecting member 32 and is formed with oppositely extend
surface of the ring 22 is ?ush with the rear surface of
ing cars 40 on the outer end thereof that are adapted
the ornamental member 16. As shown in FIGS. '1 and 2,
to prevent the withdrawal of the arm 36 from engagement
the magnet 20 is preferably cylindrical in construction
with the member 32. Thus it is seen that the member 32
and the outer edge thereof projects slightly beyond the
rear surface of the ornamental member 16 and ring 22 45 together with the retaining unit may be slidably moved
along the length of the arm 36, and, due to the enlarge
for engagement with the front or outer surface of the ear
ment of the opening 33 with respect to the width of the
lobe of the wearer.
arm 36, the retaining unit 14 has a certain amount of pivo
In order to positively mount the ornament assembly
‘12 on the outer surface of the Wearer’s ear lobe, the re
tal movement with respect to the arm 36.
It is further
taining unit 14 is provided and includes a cylindrically 50 seen that since the arm 36 interconnects the retaining
unit 14 with the loop 30 and consequently the ornament
shaped magnet 24. The magnet 24 corresponds in size
assembly 12, the retaining unit 14 not only has pivotal
and shape to the magnet 20, and it is understood that if
movement with respect to the ornament assembly 12, but
the magnet 20 were formed in another geometric form,
also has sliding movement with respect thereto.
the magnet 24 would be similarly formed. In the normal
In use, the ornament assembly 12 is placed on the front
use of permanent magnets for exerting a mechanical 55
side of the wearer’s ear lobe with the magnet 20 engaging
force, the opposite poles of the magnet must be positioned
the ear lobe in ‘?ush relation therewith. As shown in
in opposed relation. The magnetic ?ux that results when
dotted lines in FIG. 1, the retaining unit 14 in the ?rst
the magnets ‘are ‘spaced from each other to de?ne an air
instance may fall below the ornament assembly 16. Thus
gap therebetween is a function of the force existing be
tween two magnetic objects. It has been found that by 60 when mounting the earring construction on the ear lobe
of the wearer, the retaining unit 14 is pivotally moved
decreasing the pole area of at least one of the magnets,
from the lower position as shown in dotted lines in FIG.
the ?ux density between the magnets will be increased,
1 to the uppermost position as shown in dotted lines, or
thereby increasing the magnetic force therebetween. The
to any position that would be necessary to position the
pole area of either of the magnets may be decreased by
positioning a mild steel pole piece in contact with the 65 magnet 24 in engagement with the rear surface of the ear
lobe of the wearer. In this position, the magnetic attrac
pole surfaces thereof. By utilizing a mild steel pole piece,
tion between the magnets 20 and 24 causes the retaining
the magnetic ?ux is directed into a smaller area at a pole
unit 14 and the ornament assembly 12 to be ?rmly re
face of the magnet, thereby increasing the ?ux density
between the opposed magnets.
As illustrated in FIG. 1, the principle discussed herein
tained on the wearer’s ear lobe. It is seen that the ear
lobe of the wearer in effect de?nes an air space between
herein, the ornament assembly 16 being spaced from the
the magnets, and since the pole piece or steel shell 26
surrounds the magnet 24, the flux density between the
retaining unit 14 as in the position of use and de?ning
an air gap therebetween. In order to decrease the pole
magnetic earring construction to be ?rmly retained on the
rabove is shown as it is applied to the invention embodied
magnets 20 and 24 is e?ectively increased to cause the
area .of the magnet 24 and .thereby increase the magnetic 75 ear lobe of the wearer.
3,071,939
6
one of the magnetic elements, a concentration of mag
netic ?ux in a smaller area at the pole face of the magnet
is attained whereby the ?ux density or ?ux paths are in
creased to produce a greater magnetic force. Because of
the concentration of the magnetic ?ux into a smaller
area, the magnetic elements or magnets are ?rmly re
tained on the rear of the wearer and cannot be dislodged
Referring now to FIGS. 4 and 5, a modi?ed form of the
interconnecting structure for the earring construction is
illustrated and as shown includes a connecting element
42 that is adapted to be rigidly secured to the ring 22 of
the ornament assembly 16, the connecting element 42
having a central bowed con?guration that accommodates
the ear lobe of the wearer when the earring construction
is placed thereon. The retaining unit 14 also includes the
therefrom even by shaking of the head or other quick
member 32 that has the same shape and construction as
movements of the wearer. However, because of the rela
illustrated in FIGS. l-3 and is adapted to receive the 10 tively large surface that engages the wearer’s ear and be
cause of the elimination of a spring tensioned clamping
connecting element 42 therein. As shown in FIG. 5, the
member, a comfortable earring construction is provided
outermost or free end of the connecting element 42 is
that is both pleasing in appearance and unique in the
formed with a ?anged construction that includes opposed
manner of application thereof.
ears 46 that prevent removal of the interconnecting ele
In the description of the ornament assembly 12 in con
ment 42 from engagement with the member 32. Joined 15
nection with the various forms of the invention, the mag
to the opposed ears 46 and to the bowed portion of the
net 20 was described as being formed in a cylindrical con
interconnecting member 42 is a straight portion 44 on
struction but without a steel shell or pole piece there
which the member 32 is adapted to be moved, and thus
around. It is understood that if necessary or desired this
it is seen that the retaining unit 14 may be slidably moved
magnet may also include a pole piece for concentrating
with respect to the ornament assembly 16 the length of
the magnetic ?ux into a smaller area at the pole face
straight portion 44. Since the hole 33 in the member 32
thereof. Thus, if. a heavy ornament is utilized, it may
through which the straight portion 44 of the connecting
be necessary to incorporate a steel shell with both the
element extends is somewhat larger than the thickness of
magnetic elements that comprise the magnetic earring
the connecting element 42, the retaining unit 14 not only
However, in the preferred form of the in—
vention, only one of the magnets will utilize a steel shell
or pole piece in connection therewith.
thereto so as to ?rmly engage the rear surface of the ear
While there is shown and described herein certain spe
lobe of the wearer when the magnetic earring construc- ci?c structure embodying the invention, it will be mani
tion is mounted thereon.
Referring now to FIGS. 6 and 7, a further modi?ed 30 fest to those skilled in the art that various modi?cations
and rearrangements of the parts may be made without
form of the interconnecting structure between the orna
departing from the spirit and scope of the underlying in
ment assembly 16 and the retaining unit is illustrated. As
ventive concept and that the same is not limited to the
shown in FIG. 6, a connecting element indicated at 48
particular forms herein shown and described except inso
is provided and is somewhat similar in con?guration to
the connecting element 42 shown in FIG. 4. The con 35 far as indicated by the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
necting element 48 is rigidly secured to the ring 22 of
In an earring construction, a device for mounting the
the ornament assembly 12 and includes a central curved
earring construction on the ear or a wearer comprising
or bowed con?guration that is adapted to accommodate
an ornament assembly including a ?rst magnet, a retain
the ear lobe of the wearer when the earring construc
tion is mounted thereon. The outermost or free end of 40 ing unit interconnected to said ornament assembly for
movement with respect thereto and including a second
the connecting element 48 is indicated at 50‘ and is en
magnet that is adapted to be attracted to said ?rst mag
larged with respect to the remaining portion thereof, the
has sliding movement with respect to the ornament as
25 construction.
sembly 16, but also may be pivotally moved with respect
enlarged portion 50 having an opening formed therein
net, a. metallic housing encasing said second magnet with
the exception of an outer face and de?ning a pole piece
that is adapted to receive a pin as will hereinafter be
described. The shell 26 of the retaining unit 14 in the 45 for decreasing the exposedpolelarea of said second mag
net, wherein the force between said magnets is increased
modi?ed form of the invention includes a depending
when they are located in attracting relation, the earring
bracket 52 that is secured to the underside thereof and
construction thereby being more effectively retained on
that is formed with spaced ears 54 in which aligned open
the ear of the wearer, a loop joined to the rear of said
ings are formed. In assembling the connecting element
48 with the bracket 52, the enlarged portion 50 is placed 50 ornament assembly, a member joined to said housing and
depending therefrom, said member having an opening
between the ears 54, the openings in the enlarged portion
50 and the ears 54 being aligned and receiving a pin 56
therethrough. It is seen that the retaining unit 14 by
this construction is pivotally mounted with respect to the
‘ornament assembly 12 and in use of the device is adapted 55
ing relation, the axis of the opening in said loop being
perpendicular to the axis of the opening in said member,
bodied herein is relatively simple in construction, and due
to the relationship of the magnets associated therewith
taining unit is pivotally and slidably mounted on said
ornament assembly.
will positively retain the earring construction on the ear
of the wearer. Moreover, due to the interconnecting
means that pivotally joins the retaining unit to the orna
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
formed therein for receiving one end of an arm in slid
the other end of said arm having an opening formed there
in for‘loosely interconnecting with the opening in said
to be pivotally moved into engagement with the rear
loop, the end of said arm that is slidably received in the
surface of the ear lobe of the wearer in order that the
opening in said member being formed with stopmeans
magnet 24 ‘and the magnet 20 may be placed in magnetic
thereon that permit sliding movement of said arm in said
attraction with respect to each other.
It is seen that the magnetic earring construction em 60 member but prevent removal therefrom, whereby said re
ment assembly, the component parts of the earring con
struction will always be maintained together as a unitary‘
construction and thereby avoids the possibility of loss of
one of the magnetic elements. Even though the well
known principle of magnetic attraction is utilized here 70
in, a new result is obtained. Furthermore, by providing
the mild steel pole piece around the pole area of at least
UNITED STATES PATENTS
'
292,810
463,806
Hartmann ____________ __ Feb. 5, 1884
Carpentier ____________ __ Dec. 27, 1913
2,483,031
Avedon _____________ __ Sept. 27, 1949'
‘2,510,634
Hull ___________ -_‘ _____ __ June 6, 1950
2,698,917
2,803,953
-Van Urk et a1. _________ __ Jan. 4, 1955
Zubalik __________ _,__._.. Aug. 27, 1957
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