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Патент USA US3073486

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Jan. 15,1963
~ A. E. HEACOCK
3,073,476
PACKAGING PANEL
Filed Feb. 16.- 1956
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INVENTOR
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Jan. 15, 1963
A. E. HEACOCK
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3,073,476
PACKAGING PANEL
Filed Feb. 16, 1956
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INVENTOR
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United States Patent Office
3,073,475
Patented Jan. 15, .1963
3
2
3,073,476
?ller receiving compartments in which are carried rein
forcing and insulating removable ?llers or ?ller sections
formed of corrugated cardboard or other material, as
indicated at 16. One such panel is shown in position in
FIGURES l and 3. Suitable longitudinal reinforcing
channel ribs 17 are preferably carried by the bottom face
of the body 10 to elevate the body 10 so that a lift may
be inserted thereunder to facilitate transportation of the
PACKAGING PANEL
Amos E. Heacock, 2774 70th St. SE.,
Mercer Island, Wash.
Filed Feb. 16, 1956, Ser. No. 565,929
3 Claims. (Cl. 220-4)
This invention relates to a packaging panel or device,
and has for one of its objects the production of a simple
package or container formed of a series of panels as illus
and eflicient panel formed of sheet aluminum or other 10 trated. Marginal edges of the ?ller ?t Within the mar
suitable material, and which is so constructed as to facili
ginal ?ller receiving pockets to reinforce the body 10 and
tate the assembly of a series of similarly constructed
to brace the inturned edging walls 11.
panels in interlocking abutting relation to form a con
The body 10 is provided with a plurality of longitu
tainer, a packaging device, a transport device, a shelter, or
other assembly, where a plurality of quickly and easily 15 dinally spaced squared or rectangular sleeves 18 along
assembled, light and inexpensively constructed units are
desirable.
A further object of this invention is the production of
a simple and ef?cient panel which is formed of light
its edge-s, preferably welded to the outer face of the edging
wall 12. These sleeves 18 are carried by .all four edges
of the panel, and upon the respective opposite edges the
sleeves 18 are arranged in staggered relation so that the
sleeves of one panel will inter?t between the sleeves of
metal or other suitable material and which is so con~ 20 an abutting or companion panel in a manner shown in
structed as to be thoroughly reinforced to provide a
FIGURE 2. Longitudinal keys or bars 19 pass through
rigid packaging panel, and to carry an insulating and rein
forcing corrugated cardboard ?ller to add wall thickness,
rigidity and strength without adding materially to the
the sleeves 18 upon two opposite sides of the panels when
assembled, and transverse keys or bars 20 extend through
the sleeves .18 at right angles to the keys or bars 19 when
weight of the panel.
25 the panels are assembled to de?ne a crate, package or boX,
Other objects and advantages of the present invention
as shown in FIGURES 2 and 5. In this way, six panels
Will appear throughout the following speci?cation and
may be locked together to provide a six-sided enclosure,
claims.
In the drawings:
box or the like, as shown in FIGURES 2 and 5.
To hold the keys or bars 19 and>20 in place and against
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of the panel;
30 accidental displacement, the bars 20 preferably carry
FIGURE 2 is a top plan view of a series of intercon
spring-pressed plungers or lugs at each end, such as the
nected panels forming a crate, certain parts being broken
lug 2,1, for yieldably engaging sockets in the ends of the
away and being shown in section;
keys or bars 19, such as the socket 22 shown in FIGURE
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary side elevational view of
6. In the form shown, the plunger or lug 21 is provided
the panel, a portion thereof being shown in section;
35 with a socket 23 for receiving a tool which may be in
FIGURE 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line
serted through the slot 24 in the adjacent sleeve 18 so
4-4 of FIGURE 2;
that an operator may retract the lug 21 from the socket
FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a
22 and permit the keys or bars 19 and 20 to be removed
container formed from a series of panels;
when the panels are disassembled. The keys or bars, if
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary sectional view illustrating 40 desired, may be sealed in position by means of a con
a key locking means;
ventional seal 25.
FIGURE 7 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on
line 7~—7 of FIG. 2;
FIGURE 8 is a fragmentary top plan view illustrating
A series of panels 10 may be assembled, as stated, in
interlocked relation, as shown in FIGURES 2 and 5, to
form a package, container, crate, box or the like, or a
the manner of assembling a plurality of panels end-to~end
series of panels 10 may be assembled in end abutting rela
in substantially the same plane to form a transport device 45 tion as shown in detail in FIGURES 8 and 9, and locked
or platform;
in inter?tting relation by the keys or bars. In this Way
FIGURE 9 is a transverse sectional view taken on line
the panels may be assembled for many uses, such as a
9-9 of FIGURE 8;
shelter, as a platform, or even as a trailer or truck body,
FIGURE 10 is a fragmentary perspective view of one of
within the scope of the invention.
the locking keys, illustrating the bolt receiving socket in
It is not desired to limit the invention to the exact shape
one end to receive a bolt carried by a companion key;
illustrated, since many shapes may be employed so far as
FIGURE 11 is a fragmentary enlarged longitudinal sec
the panel itself is concerned. Furthermore, it is not de
tional view of a modi?ed form of the panel.
sired to limit the shape of the sleeves 18 and the bars 19
By referring to the drawings in detail, it will be seen
and 20, to a square transverse structure since the same
that 10 designates the body section of the panel, Which 55 may
be angular, rectangular, triangular, polygonal, or in
preferably constitutes a ?at sheet of aluminum, although
other forms which may be advisable to meet speci?c ship
it is not desired to limit the invention to the use of such
ping requirements. However, the sleeves and keys or bars
material. Any suitable material may be used within the
by being square in cross section produce a rigid and
scope of the invention. The body 10 is preferably pro
sturdy
interlocking structure between the panels whether
vided with a plurality of ?utes or corrugations 11 for 60 mounted at right angles to each other or in end-to-end
reinforcing purposes. The body 10 is provided with in
abutting relation as shown. By means of the structure
turned edging wall 12 having inwardly extending relatively
illustrated,
it is not necessary to employ auxiliary bracing
narrow overhanging terminal ledge ?anges 13. These ter
means to hold the panels in their respective assembled
minal ?anges are mitered and welded at the corners of the
positions.
panels to provide a continuous overhanging ledge around 65
Certain detail changes in structure and design may be
the edge of the panel, as shown in FIGURE 1, and de
made
in the panel, within the scope of the invention,
?ning marginal ?ller receiving pockets.
so long as these changes fall within the. scope of the
The body 10 is also provided with central cross rein
appended claims. ‘It should be further understood that
forcing channel ribs 14 and 15 upon the inner face thereof,
any desired number of sleeves 18 may be used upon each
which are welded into position. These ribs 14 and 15 di 70
panel within the scope of the invention. Furthermore,
vide the inner area of the panel into four equal shallow
as shown in FIGURE 11, the inner face of the panel 10“
3,073,476
3
may be covered by a ?at sheet of aluminum, or other
material 12a to seal in a suitable ?ller 16a. A sleeve 18a
is carried by the panel 10a, as shown. The sheet 128
each side of said body, the terminals of adjacent locking
keys being interengaged to prevent accidental disengage
‘ merit of said keys from said sleeves.
may be welded or otherwise secured to the ledge ?ange
13a. The ?ller 163 may be of honeycomb plastic im
pregnated cellular paper or styrofoam. A rigid solidi?ed
plastic foam may be used as an alternative to corrugated
2. A packaging panel comprising a body of square
shape, sleeves square in cross section similarly mounted
along each side of said body, one face of each of said
sleeves being in ?ush engagement with a side of said
body, the sleeves along opposite sides of said body being
in staggered symmetrical relation to each other to permit
mum weight, all within the scope of the present invention. 10 interlocking and inter?tting of similarly constructed abut
ting panels, a locking key square in cross section, re
Also the cross channel ribs 14 and'15, shown in FIGURE
movably ?tted longitudinally through said sleeves for
1, may be eliminated without departing from the spirit
paperboard to stiffen and strengthen the panel and give
thickness to the panel with maximum strength and mini
of the invention.
It will be noted that the marginal edges of the ?ller ?t
attaching said panel to an adjacent like panel, and com
plementary means carried by opposite terminals of said
within the marginal pockets to hold the edges of the ?ller 15 locking key for interlocking the terminals of adjacent
keys, to prevent accidental disengagement of said keys
against displacement. This ?ller is formed preferably of
from said sleeves.
corrugated cardboard and the marginal edges thereof
3. A packaging panel comprising a square body of pan
snugly ?t within the marginal pockets. It will be noted
like
conformation, a reinforcing ?ller within said pan-like
further that the rectangular sleeves 18 ?t ?at against the
outer face of an abutting edging wall and are ?xed 20 body, at least two sleeves of uniform length similarly
mounted along each side of said body, each of said sleeves
thereto. Each sleeve is provided with one face which is
being polygonal in cross section with uniform sides and
?ush with the adjacent edge of the ?ange, and a second
angles, one face of each of said polygonal sleeves being
face is ?ush with the outer face of the body section in a
manner to form a continuation between two body sections
when they are assembled. The sleeves 18 of one body sec
tion are adapted to inter?t between the sleeves of a com
panion body section, and these sleeves receive the rectan
gular or square key, such as the key 19, to rigidly lock the
body sections in a selected position relative to a com
in ?ush engagement with a side of the body, one of said
sleeves along each side of the body being positioned at a
terminal of the side and the other of said sleeves being
symmetrically spaced from the ?rst sleeve and from the
terminal of the side remote from the ?rst sleeve, and a
locking key polygonal in cross section passed through the
panion section. These keys overlap as clearly shown in 30 sleeves along each side of said body, the terminals of ad
jacent locking keys being interengaged to prevent acci
detail in FIGURE 6, at the corners of the body sections,
dental disengagement of said keys from said sleeves.
and locking or latching elements such as the plunger or
lug 21 shown in FIGURE 6 will provide for locking the
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
ends of the keys together at the corner of the body
UNITED STATES PATENTS
35
section.
Having described the invention, what I claim as new is:
894,638
Heim ________________ __ July 28, 1908
1. A packaging panel comprising a square body of pan
1,099,847
Doble et al ____________ __ June 9, 1914
like conformation, a reenforcing ?ller within said pan
1,296,272
Doble _______________ -_ Mar. 4, 1919
like body, at least two sleeves of uniform length similarly
2,042,721
Loewy _______________ __ June 2, 1936
mounted along each side of said body, each of said sleeves 40 2,057,942
Fay _________________ .. Oct. 20, 1936
being square in cross section with one face in ?ush en
gagement with a side of the body, one of said sleeveWt
along each side of the body being positioned at a terminal
of the side and the other of said sleeves being symmetri
cally spaced from the ?rst sleeve and from the terminal of L15
the side remote from the ?rst sleeve, and a locking key
square in cross section passed through the sleeves along
2,097,598
2,256,791
2,489,670
Pavlecka _____________ __ Nov. 2, 1937
Schroeder ___________ __ Sept. 23, 1941
Powell ______________ __ Nov. 29, 1949
103,117
Switzerland ___________ _._ Jan. 16, 1924
FOREIGN PATENTS
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