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Патент USA US3073498

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Jan. 15, 1963
N. E. BROOKE
GARMENT HANGERS
'
3,073,491
‘
Filed 001;. 21, 1959
INVENTOR.
NORMAN E. BROOKE
ATTORNEY
3,073,491
United States Patent O??ce
Patented Jan. 15, 1963
1
2
portion. The folding of the end portions is done so as to
3,073,491
form a rather wide loop so that each terminal portion has
a convergent relation to the part of the middle portion
over which it lies, to the place where it is attached to the
GARMENT HANGERS
Norman E. Brooke, 3232 Rittenhonse St. NW.,
Washington 15, 31C.
Filed Oct. 21, 1959, Ser. No. 847,844
3 Claims. (Cl. 223-96)
middle portion. The entire jaw, formed in this manner,
is also bowed longitudinally and each jaw is secured at the
transverse center to an end of one leg of a two leg spring
This invention relates to the class of apparel apparatus,
and is directed particularly to improvements in garment
hangers.
4
construction, with the concave sides of the jaws opposed
and such legs are attached to a supporting hook and are
10 coupled together by a slide member by means of which the
The garment hanger comprising the present invention
speci?cally is a hanger of the type having a pair of coact
ing jaws by means of which a garment may be gripped to
be hung up by a suspension hook to which the jaws are
connected, the hanger being of the type commonly known 15
legs, and the jaws, may be drawn together.
The invention will be best understood from the follow
ing detailed description taken in connection with the ac
companying drawing forming a part of the speci?cation
as a trousers hanger although, obviously, it may be used
with the understanding that the invention is not con?ned
to the detailed description of the drawing but may be
for other garments, for instance, skirts.
There are, of course, many types of gripping garment
hangers on the market. However, there are few, if any,
tions mark no material departure from the salient fea
tures of the invention as expressed by the appended
which do not have certain drawbacks, or undesirable 20
features. They are either too heavy in construction or
changed or modi?ed so long as such changes or modi?ca
claims.
_
In the drawing:
have too many parts making them troublesome to manip~
ulate and also expensive to manufacture, or if they do
hanger, shown in jaw closed condition and illustrating
not have a multiplicity of parts which runs up the cost of
one embodiment of the jaw structure.
manufacturing, when they are made of metal in the jaws 25
1 FIGURE 1 is a view in perspective of the garment
‘
FIGURE 2 is a view in transverse section showing the
erly the metals, especially in the jaws, must be of tem
jaws in separated position, the line of section passing
through the lower ends of the spring legs.
pered steel or other metal of a special kind, to have suit
able resiliency. All of these features add to the cost of
form, looking at the outer side of the jaw and showing an '
as well as other parts, in order that they may work prop
‘FIGURE 3 is a view in perspective of a second jaw
manufacture and of course prevent marketing the hanger 30 end portion of the attached spring leg.
FIGURE 4 isa view in perspective of a third jaw form,
looking at the outer side thereof and showing the inturned
end portions of the metal strip overlapped and also show
ing an end portion of the attached spring leg.
novel manner whereby the desired strength and degree 35 , Referring now more particularly to the drawing, the
of resiliency are obtained without employing. expensive
present new garment hanger is illustrated in its entirety
materials and by the use of suitable material in a novel
in the preferred form in FIGURE 1, and is indicated
manner.
generally by the numeral 10.
Another object is to provide a hanger having the above
The hanger comprises the two jaw members, each
stated advantages wherein the novel form or design of the 40 generallydesignated 12, of longitudinally bowed or arm
jaws, makes possible the use of metal which has not been
ate form, with the concave sides in opposed relation.
for sale at a low price.
It is an object of the present invention, in View of the
foregoing, to provide a new garment hanger, embodying a
pair of jaws, wherein the jaws are formed in a new and
subjected to tempering processes or any process designed‘
to impart a resiliency to the metal which is not inherent
The jaws 12 are attached to a spring leg unit 14,
which embodies the two legs 16, which in turn are joined
in the metal itself. Accordingly the employment of such
to a suspension unit, or hook, 18.
metal, which is relatively inexpensive, makes possible the
The spring leg unit 14 and suspension unit 18 are
production of a hanger which can be marketed at a low
formed preferably from a single length of spring wire
?gure.
_
of suitable gauge. This is folded intermediate its ends
Still another object is to provide a new garment hanger
at 20, forming the end or bill of the hook unit which
having a novel spring leg construction to which the grip
has the two arched, and spaced apart, parallel sides 22
ping jaws are attached, with means for drawing the jaws 50 and these are brought together, and twisted together, to
form the hook shank 24.
together and holding them in garment gripping relation
in lsucha way as to prevent accidental release.
I The two ends 26 of the twisted hook shank, merge
The objects of the invention are attained by forming
into the single turn, or single convolution, ?at springs
each of the gripping jaws from a single length of strip
28 and the end of each spring opposite the shank end
metal of a relatively light gauge. The strip employed is 55 26 merges with the top end of, or continues into, a
spring leg 16.
of metal having only its own inherent resiliency, by which
is meant that the selected metal, after being cast in sheet
Each spring leg is bent slightly, approximately midway
form from which the strip is taken, or after being cast
of its ends, as indicated at 30, in such a way as to form
or rolled in strip form, has not been tempered or in any
the portions a below these bends to stand farther apart
way treated to give it extra resiliency. Accordingly it is 60 than the portions b above the bends, when the legs are
joined at their bottom ends to the jaws 12.
to be understood that in referring hereafter in the speci
?cation and claims to strip metal having an inherent resil
Also the bends 3i) are ‘calculated to place the lower
iency, such a metal, iron or steel or any other, is meant.
portions b in approximately parallel relation, when the
The initial length of the metal strip selected for a jaw is
legs are drawn together by the slide link coupling 32
at least twice the length of the ?nished jaw, and for form 65 therebetween.
'
ing one type of jaw it may bev more than twice the jaw
A novel feature of the invention which greatly facili
length. The metal strip is bent transversely at two points
tates assembling the parts, resides in the placing of the
to form two end portions which are folded in against the
springs 28, with the convolutions, in the same plane
inner side of the middle portion and these two end por~
transversely of the jaws, as the legs, so that the connector
tions are secured, by riveting, welding or the like in end 70 link can he slipped over the hook, past the shank and
opposed relation, or in overlapped relation to the middle
the springs and onto'the legs after the legsrhave been
3,073,491
3
secured to the jaws. The link 32 is in the form of a
long closed loop and the two sides thereof are spaced
apart when the link is slipped over the hook and down
onto the legs as described, after which the sides are
squeezed together midway of their ends as shown at c
leaving rather wide open ends of the loop as at 34.
These wide open and rather long open ends of the link
permit a free running of the link on the legs and permit
the legs to swing wide apart as shown in FIG. 2 to open
the jaws to maximum extent, without the link binding
on the legs.
As illustrated each leg 16 is secured at its bottom or
free end to the inner side of a jaw member 12 at the
transverse center thereof.
Each jaw member 12 is formed from a long strip or 15
piece of strap metal, which has an inherent resiliency
but is not an iron or steel metal which has received a
4
be placed under additional spring tension and the spring
coil 28 forming a part of each leg adds further to this
spring action. Also when the outer ends of the jaws ?rst
come together the ends of the spring legs will not have
been drawn together to the fullest extent by the link
32 as the link will not have reached its lowermost position.
Thus when the link is forced to the lowest position the
middle portions of the jaws will be drawn further toward
one another tending to ?atten out the bowed jaws and bow
inward those parts of the outer side portion 36 of the
jaw lying on opposite sides of the transverse center there
of and this will be resisted by the portions 35 on the
inner sides of such parts of the jaw portion 36 with the
result that the entire jaw acquires a strong or stiff spring~
mess.
When the jaws have been drawn to fully closed position,
as shown in FIG. 1, the lower portions a of the spring
legs will be substantially parallel and thus there is no
chance of the coupling link 32 accidently slipping up
20 and releasing the jaws. However when the link is moved
upward, when it rides into the bent inwardly converg
tion resides in the discovery that by forming the jaws
tempering treatment to give it a springiness such as is
possessed by spring steel.
A particular, and novel, concept of the present inven
in the manner shown, and hereinafter described, an in
expensive, untempered‘strap iron of relatively light gauge
can be used to form the jaws and the jaws will have a
ing portions 30, the tendency of tensioned spring legs
to move apart will cause the link to ride up quickly until
the legs and jaws become fully separated.
Due to the construction of the middle section of the
link, it cannot move up past the springs 28, but will
be stopped by them, as shown in FIG. 2.
In the form of the jaw shown in FIGURES 1 and 2,
FIGURE 3 shows a slightly different jaw construc
a piece of the strap iron of suitable length is taken and
tion, which is generally designated 50. It will be under
a portion of each end is bent or folded in against one
side of the middle or intermediate portion. Each of 30 stood that this jaw will be duplicated to form a pair.
The jaw 50 is formed in the same manner as jaw 12,
these bent in portions, designated 35, is of a length equal
from a single strip of selected metal and includes the
to about one-fourth the total length of the initial piece
folded in end portions 51 which become the inner side
of material and when bent in as shown these, form inner
portions of the jaw and the middle portion 52, which
side portions of the jaw and such two inner side portions
will have their ends brought into opposing relation with 35 becomes the outer side portion of the jaw, connected to
strong resiliency, or springiness equal to that of a good 25
grade of spring steel.
one another against, or close to the transverse center
of the middle or intermediate portion, designated 36,
which portion 36 forms, on opposite sides of its trans
verse center, the outer side portions of the jaw.
the inner side portions by the bends 53 formed, in rela
tively wide bows, as shown.
The free ends of the end or inner side portions 51
are in spaced relation and ?xed by riveting to the outer
In folding the end portions, the fold is made wide, 40 side portion, as at 54, or by welding or in any other
suitable manner.
or open, rather than ?at, or closed, thus forming a wide
At the transverse center of the outer side portion 52,
bend or loop 37, and each end portion when secured at
which is also the transverse center of the jaw, the metal
its terminus to the middle portion of the strap is in con
is bent, or bowed, out as at 55, to form the transverse
vergent relation with that half of the middle portion
to which it is secured.
45 groove 56, which lies between the ends of the portions 51.
This groove receives the end of a spring leg 57 and thus
Permanent attachment of the terminus of each portion
the leg does not form a bulge in the covering of friction
35 to the middle portion 36 of the strap may be by weld,
material (not shown) with which the inner side of the
jaw, that is the concave side, is covered. The end of
The end of each leg 16 is located across and against 50 the spring leg is then ?xed in the groove in a suitable
manner, as by a rivet 53, or by spot welding.
the inner side of the middle portion of the strap, which
FIGURE 4 shows a third construction of a jaw, gen
forms the outer side portion of the ?nished jaw, between
erally designated 60, and which is one of a pair to func
the opposing ends of the portions 35, and secured, as by
tion cooperatively in a hanger.
a rivet 39, or in any other suitable manner.
in this third form the strip of metal selected is some
Each of the jaws is bent midway of its ends so as to 56
what longer than those selected for the jaws 12 and
have an arched or bowed form and so as to place the
50 since the end portions 61 of the strip which are turned
portions 35 on the inner side of the jaw and as shown
to lie in opposed relationship with the middle portion 62
the jaws thus have the concave sides in opposed relation.
of the strip, upon the inner or concave side of the jaw, are
The numeral 40 designates a covering strip or pad of
rivet or in any other suitable manner, a rivet is here
shown as at 38.
a suitable friction material, which may be a soft crepe 60
arranged in overlapping relationship. The overlapping
rubber, felt or anything else suitable for the purpose, to
parts are designated 63.
facilitate gripping and holding a garment against slipping
other and to the portion 62 by rivets 64, or by spot weld
when the jaws have the outer ends pressed together, as
will occur when. the slide link is pushed down.
ing or in any other suitable manner; as will be apparent,
the end and middle portions 61 and 62 of the metal
The link can also be caused to assume the lowered posi
strip become, respectively, in the ?nished jaw, the inner
tion, as illustrated in FIG. 1, to hold the looped ends of
the jaws tightly pressed together, or into gripping relation
with a garment by manually squeezing the jaws together
while holding the legs and hook upright, or the link
can be made to shift, or slide, to the released position as 70
" shown in FIG. 2, for the opening of the jaws by the
same manual squeezing together of the jaws while hold
ing the device inverted.
When the jaws are forced together the spring legs,
These are ?xed to one an
and outer side portions thereof.
The several thicknesses of the metal, in the area of the
overlapped end parts 63, ‘give added rigidity to the bowed
jaw.
In this third construction, as in the second, a groove
65 is formed to receive the end of the springleg 66,
as shown, by pressing the three thicknesses of the metal,
forming therein the outbowing ribs.
The end of the leg 66 is here shown as riveted in place
which are biased to move apart at their lower ends, will 75 in the groove, the rivet being designated 67. However,
3,073,491
it may be spot welded if preferred or found more desir
able.
From the foregoing it will be seen that the present
6
side portion, means rigidly securing the inner and outer
side portions together at the said inner ends of the inner
side portions and adjacent to the said transverse center
of the outer side portion, said outer side portion being
garment hanger whereby jaw members of good strength 6 transversely bent at its transverse center whereby the
and resiliency are obtained without having to employ
jaw member has» a longitudinal bow, and the longitu
specially treated or tempered metal. The construction of
dinally bowed jaw members being disposed with their
invention provides a new and novel way of forming a
the jaw from untempered strip metal, in the manner here
concave sides opposed.
'
Y
in shown and described, results in a construction having
2. The invention according to claim 1, wherein the
the characteristics of a good grade tempered steel with 10 said inner ends of said inner side portions are in spaced
out including the higher cost of such material.
opposed relation and the end of the adjacent leg lies
I claim:
therebetween and the outer side portion has an inwardly
1. A garment hanger comprising a top portion formed
opening groove in which the said end of the leg is secured.
to facilitate suspending the hanger, a pair of spaced
3. The invention according to claim 1, wherein the said
spring legs joined to the top portion and biased to nor 15 inner ends of said inner side portions of each jaw mem
mally move apart, a pair of elongate jaw members each
her are in overlapping relation and the overlapping parts
attached to a leg and a slide member connected between
together with the opposing outer side portion are shaped
said legs for drawing the jaw members'and legs together,
to provide an inwardly opening channel in which the
said jaw members each comprising a length of ?at strip
end of the adjacent leg lies and is ?xed.
metal formed to provide a long outer side portion and 20
two inner side portions, the inner side portions forming
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
inturned continuations of the ends of the outer side por
'
UNITED STATES PATENTS
tion, said inner side portions each having an outer end
which is relatively widely spaced from the adjacent
outer end of the outer side portion of which it forms a 25
continuation and each inner side portion and the adja
cent part of the outer side portion converging from their
outer ends toward the transverse center of the outer side
696,940
Cazier _______________ __ Apr. 8, 1902
1,212,024
1,237,223
Dahlgren _____________ __ Jan. 9, 1917
Schultz _____________ __ Aug. 14, 1917
2,171,680
Baugh _________ -a ____ __ Sept. 5, 1939
2,473,898
Muntwyler __________ __ June 21, 1949
portion, the inner side portions having inner ends ter
minating adjacent to said transverse center of the outer 30
FOREIGN PATENTS
6,866
.
Great Britain __________ __ Apr. 24, 1889
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