close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3074546

код для вставки
Jan. 22, 1963
_J.
3,074,537
ACKELL ETAL
CONTROL SYSTEM FOR LINE CASTING MACHINES
Filed June 29, 1959
7 Sheets-Sheet 1
FIG.I
EO
GE0
U
œ
P
lWW/M
alo.
_CEB
T
r/
Y
m
_
R
m
IE
_ _ _ _
L _
FIG. 5
ARIE|M
NEU ACCMTAH6Em
FIG.6
ß
Jan. 22, 1963
J. J. AcKELL ETAL
3,074,537
CONTROL SYSTEM FOR LINE CASTING MACHINES
Filed June 29, 1959
'7 Sheets-Sheet 2
A
*e
9
l
l
nlmlßw"
34
FIG.2
Í
‘2
9
IO
O
N
Jan. 22, 1963
J. J. ACKELL Em.
3,074,537
CONTROL SYSTEM FOR LINE CASTING MACHINES
Filed June 29, 1959
7 Sheets-Sheet 3 '
'd'Nln
999
Jan. 22, 1963
J. J. ACKELL ETAL
3,074,537
coNTEoL sYsTEN Foa LINE CASTING MACHINES
Filed June 29, 1959
FIG.4
7 Sheets-Sheet 4
Jan. 22, 1963
J, J. AcKELL. ETAL
3,074,537
CONTROL SYSTEM FOR LINE CASTING MACHINES
Filed June 29, 1959
7 Sheets-Sheet 5
Nm
Q@
.GEmn
OOOOOOOQO
OOOOQOOOO
Jan. 22, 1963
J. J. ACKELI. ETAI.
3,074,537
CoNTEoL sYsTEIvI ECR LINE CASTING MACHINES
Filed June 29. 1959
8
'7 Sheets-Sheet 6
IIs
IIT
/
/
II5
-
IIG
|40
EscAPEMENT/
,|43
OPERATING ----- --áf- 1
,
-
uNIT
¿rf
|45
|
|53
g
g
_LINE CASTING
MACHINE
Y
14n
ESCAPEMENT/
-
|44
.
I
l
I
l
I
I
I
I
OPERATING -------«"-J s
UNIT
I
l
Isa„_-,7fL --------------- --J
Jan. 22, 1963
‘
J. J. AcKELL ETAL
3,074,537
coNTRoL SYSTEM FOR LINE CASTING MACHINES
Filed June 29. 1959
'7 Sheets-Sheet 7
dattes Patent
arrasar
Patented Jan, 22, i963
l.
2
ëfèîßißâ'?
and electrical elements, which system is economical to
manufacture and thoroughly reliable in operation.
As will be understood, a line casting machine is pro~
CQNTRÜL SYSTlill/i
LEE CASTÄNG
MAQHÉNES
vided with one or more magazines for matrices corre
ïoseph 5. Aclieli, Amityyilie, Herbert L. Paulding, Port
Washington, and Richard ï. Yn, New Yorin, NSY., as
to Bow .iones
Company, Enc., New York,
sponding to the diiferent characters to be formed in suc
cessive lines to be cast. Each magazine customarily car-
ries matrices conforming with a particular style of type
Nif., a corporation of Delaware
to be set up and is mounted on a frame member> affixed to.
the machine. The individual frame members are movable
10 in order to properly locate the appropriate magazine in an
This invention relates to control systems for line casting
operative position. The matrices are selectively released
machines and more particularly to such systems in which
by escapements, and space bands are similarly released for
individual character bearing matrices are automatically
introduction into the assembly of matrices to be formed
released under the control of a control tape.
into a line of proper length. Means are also provided on
There has been developed an automatic control system 15 the line casting machine for moving the released and
for an existing line casting machine, such as machines sold
assembled matrices and space bands into line casting posi-V
under the trade names “Linotype” and “lntertype,” which
tion and for restoring the matrices and space bands to
is responsive to a control tape and is extremely rapid in
their initial positions in the appropriate magazine after
action and highly accurate. Representative systems of
the line has been cast.
this type are disclosed, for example, in Joseph l. Ackell 20
In one illustrative embodiment of this invention, an
Patents 2,704,595 and 2,704,596 issued March 22, 1955,
automatic control system for a line casting machine of
and 2,846,055 issued August 5, 1958. Such systems cus
this type comprises a device for analyzing a control tape,
tomarily embody advancing and analyzing means for the
timing meansfor controlling the operation of the tape
tape which operates under the control of a timing unit to.
analyzing device, an operating unit including a series of
actuate a plurality of relays or other circuit controlling 25 solenoids having armature members, or plungers, which
devices. The relays in turn control the selective operation
are directly connected to the escapements of the line cast
of a plurality of current responsive devices, such as sole
ing machine, means for maintaining the solenoids in rigid
noids, which have armature portions adapted to act on
relationship with each other and with the escapements, and
the keys of the machine keyboard to enable the release of
circuit means responsive to the tape analyzing device for
the various matrices from the appropriate storage maga 30 controlling the selective operation or" the solenoids.
zine or" the line casting machine.
ln accordance with one feature of this invention, the
Heretofore, primarily because ofthe time delay incident
plungers of the various solenoids are connected directly
to the recovery of the key operated release mechanism
and positively to appropriate rocker members in the
in the line casting machine after the release of a given
escapements of the line casting machine, thereby eliminat
matrix, it often has been necessary to operate the control 35 ing the necessity for operation of the machine keyboard
system at a reduced speed in order to allow sutlicient time
and the complicated connections leading from the latter to
for restoration of the key operated mechanism to its nor
the rocker members during automatic operation of the ma
mal position. lThis has been of special moment in situa
chine. These plungers are adapted to return immediately
tions in which it is desirable to bring about the successive
to their unoperated position upon deenergization of the
release of two or more matrices of the same character, 40
corresponding solenoid. In addition, the connections’be
such as in printing “fi” in the word “otîerf’ for example,
tween the plungers and the rocker members are such as to
and in some instances it heretofore has been necessary to
permit manual operation, when desired, through the use
of the keyboard.
In accordance with another feature of the invention, the
introduce a special time delay into the system which is
responsive only to such repeats. Additionally, in systems
of this type, it sometimes has been necessary to accom
plish minor adjustments or repairs, such as might be
45 operating unit and the escapement mechanism are rigidly
but detachably mounted directly on a magazine frame of
occasioned by the burning out of a solenoid or the wear
the line casting machine. Thus, the entire assembly may
be quickly and easily removed from the machine for
the line casting operation frequently had to be inter
maintenance purposes, etc. A mounting bracket of unique
50
rupted or had to be controlled manually until the repairs
design is employed which not only maintains the various
had been completed. The large number of component
components of the operating unit in rigid relationship
parts employed in many previous line casting systems, par
with each other, but also provides a means for ñrmly secur
ticularly in the mechanisms used for releasing the indi
ing these components to the escapement mechanism.
vidual matrices, for example, has increased the incident of
ln yaccordance with fa further feature of the invention,
of various mechanical parts, for example, and heretofore
such repair, and this has further impaired some of the 55 the number of mechanical and electrical pants necessary
many advantages resulting from the use of automatic con
to control the operation of the various escapements have
trol systems.
been greatly reduced, thereby reducing the need for re-A
One general object of this invention, therefore, is to
pair or replacement such as might be occasioned by
provide a new and improved control system which is par
wear, etc. of these parts.
ticularly adaptable for automatically controlling the op 60 The present invention, as well as further objects and
eration or a hue casting machine.
features thereof, will be understood more clearly and
More specifically, it is an object of this invention to
fully from the following detailed description of a pre
provide such a system which enables the operation of the
ferred embodiment thereof, when read in conjunction
line casting machine at a maximum rate.
with the accompanying drawings, in which:
Another object of this invention is to provide a control 65 FEGURE 1 is a schematic block diagram of a line cast-_
system of the character indicated wherein various corn
ing machine control system constructed in accordance
ponent parts may be quickly and easily assembled and may
with the invention;
be removed from the line casting machine for maintenance
FlGURE 2 is a front view, partially broken away for
purposes, etc.
convenience, of the lower portion of a magazine frame
70
Still another object of the invention is to provide such
lof a linecasting machine, together with certain parts of
a control system utilizing comparatively simple mechanical
the control system of FIGURE l;
3,074,537
3
FIGURE 3 is a rearview of the portion of the control
system illustrated in FÍGURE 2, with various compo
nents removed’ for purposes -oÍ clarity;
_
.
.
FlGURE 4» is Ia side view oi the portion of the control
system illustnated in FlGUlìE 3;
l
FlGURE 5 is a view, partly in section and partly in
elevation, taken generally along the lines S-S in FlGURE
3, with a represcntativernatrix storage magazine ofthe
line casting machine illustrated in its operative location;
FÍGURE 6 is a View similar to FEGURE 5 but illus
trating portions »of the control system in an operated posi
tion;
Y
'
'
. FEGURE 7A is an exploded perspective view, partially
breiten away for convenience, of a mounting bracket and
l5 for the purpose of controlling various other functions
of the machine. Additionally, certain components ot the
timing unit 17 are physically associated with the line
casting machine, as schematically illustrated by the dotted
line leu.
For a more detailed discussion oi representa
tive timing units «that
be employed in connection with
the invention, together' w’th illustrative electrical circuitry .
that may be used to esta h »the appropriate connections,
reference may be had ‘to the Achell patents referred tc
above.
When a control tape in the tape box lt? is advanced to a
reading position and an appropriate electrical signal is
received from the timing unit Il, 'a series of coded signals
are transmitted over the cable ll to ‘the relay box l2.
associated parts useful in connection with the invention; 15 These signals cause the selective operation of certain oí
the relays in :the box l2 which serve to close electrical
FIGURE 7B is a perspective Viewr of certain parts of
circuits leading through the cable i3 to the escapenientY
the mounting bracket shown in FIGURE 7A;
`oper-ating unit ld. Upon the closing ot 'an appropriate
’ FÍGURE 8 is a partial schematic wiring diagram of
switch (not shown) in the timing unit i7, current is sup
electrical circuitry useful in connection with the release
plied throngh the cable i9' to 'the relay box l2. and over
of space bands in accordance with the invention; . .
’ FlGUPoE 9 is a detail view, partly in elevation and
the closed circuits in cable l5 to a selected solenoid in the
operating unit, thereby releasing a given matrix from one
of the magazines of the line casting machine l5. The
timing of this releasing operation is thus under the direct
" FIGURE l0 is a schematic block diagram, in part
similar to FlGUlìE. 1, illustrating certain additional com 25 control `of the timing unit i7. During the release of a
series of matrice space bands are `also released ai an
ponents of »a control system constructed in accordance
partly schematic, illustratingcertain portions of the space
band releasing means;
with the invention; and
.
-
appropriate time in a manner to be more fully described
hereafter. The line casting machine l5 is adapted to
`assemble the matrices and space bands to for-rn aline of
positioning mechanism yof a line casting machine, together
with certain pants ot ‘the control system of FlGURE lil. 30 type and to move the lassembly into 'a line casting position.
When fthe casting operation has been completed, means
, In order to facilitate the description of therembodiment
is provided on the. line casting machine for returning the
of the invention illustrated in the drawings, there will iirst
matrices and space bans ‘to their initial positions.
be given a brief discussion oi 'the general mode of opera
Referring now to FlGURES 2 through 7 of the draw
tion oÍ a line casting machine control system constructed
in accordance with this embodiment. That is, before 35 ings, there is shown the escapement operating unit la
which is in rigid but detachable relationship with a maga
describing the novel construction and arrangement of the
zine support frame 2li of the line casting machine l5. For
Various parts of such control system, a description will
purpose of clarity, much of the electrical wiring connect
be given of its over-all function in the control of a line
ing the various electrical components of the operating unit
casting machine.
As shown in FÍGURE l of the drawings, the system is 40 i4 has been omitted from the drawings. However, the
electrical components of escapement operating units con
provided with a tape box l@ including the usual tape
FIGURE ll is aside View of a portion of a magazine
structed in accordance with the invention may be con
nected, for example, in a manner similar to that disclosed
schematically in `any of the Ackell patents referred to
system, indicated schematically by the relay box l2. The
heretofore.
In the illustrated embodiment of the inven
conñguration of the electrical circuitry for the tape box 45
tion, the electrical circuit diagram for the operating unit
1li and the relay box l2y is already known in the art, and
le is the same in many respects as those portions of FIG
consequently detailed circuit diagrams for these compo
URE
l of Eckell Patent 2,846,655 which include the sole
nents have not been shown in the drawings. The boxes
noids 11, the unidirectional current elements, such as the
l@ and i2, however, illustratively may be constructed gen
erally in accordance with the ‘teachings 'of the above-men 50 rectihers 267, and the associated circuitry.
The operating unit le includes a plurality of current
tioned Achell Patent 2,704,595, .in which case the tape
responsive devices, such as the solenoids 2l, which are
box lo may comprise the tape analyzer lol, for example,
positioned on a mounting bracket 22 and, as best shown
While the relay box l2 illustratively may include the coils
feeding and tape analyzing devices incorporated therein.
This box is connected by means of a cable 1l to a relay
in FEGURES 5, 6 and 7, are aligned in three parallel
rows.
In the drawings, each of these solenoids is identi
and other related components shown in FÄGURES la 55
lied by the reference numeral 2l followed by an alpha
through ld of Aol-:ell Fatent 2,704,595.
betical suiiix indicative of the particular row with which
The relay box l2 is connected by means of a cable i3
the solenoids are associated. lllhus, the solenoids Zia are
to l‘an escapement `operating unit llf-’l which is physically
disposed in one row, the solenoids 2lb in another and the
associated with a line casting machine l5, as schematically
illustrated by the dotted line le. -The operating unit ld 60 solenoids 2lb in a third row. These rows extend in a
horizontal direction, as viewed in the drawings, and the
includes a plurality yof current responsive devices, such
solenoids in each row are disposed in vertical, side by side
as solenoids (not shown in FIGURE l), for physically
relationship with each other. A further description of the
,1C through 7C, together with 'the associated armatures
operating the escapements `ci: the line casting machine to
arrangement of the solenoids 2l, together with a descrip
selectively release individual matrices from a storage
tion
of the mounting bracket 22, will be found hereafter.
magazine and thereby assemble la line of type.
65
The solenoids 2l each include an energizing winding
The tape box lo operates under the control of a timing
23 and an _armature portion or plunger 2d which is
unit i7 and is connected thereto by a cable lâ. rl'he
adapted for reciprocatory movement within the corre
timing unit l? may include a series of control cams (not
Vspending winding Z3 along the longitudinal axis thereof.
shown herein but illustrated in said Aclrell patents)
mounted on »a rotating shaft, the speed of rot-ation of which 70 The lower end of each of the plungers 2li is rigidly amxed
in axial alignment with one end of an elongated hollow
determines the ratte at which the various matrices in the
tube 25, which advantageously is Íabricated'irom a rela
magazine of the line casting machine are released. The
tively liexlble material. rOne end of an operating rod 26
timing unit l’î also is connected through suitable circuits
is disposed in the opposite end of each of the tubes Z5
directly to the relay box l2 by a cable 19’. 4A cable 19a
connects the timing uni-t 17 with the line casting machine 75 where it is frictionally held in rigid but removable rela
5
3,074,537,
tionship therewith. The flexible tube 25 enables the op
erating rod 26 disposed therein to extend at an angle with
respect to the longitudinal axis of the corresponding
plunger 24, for purposes that will appear hereafter.
The free end of each of the operating rods 2id is rigidly
connected to a screw 3% which projects outwardly from
a rearwardly extending portion 3l of a rocker member
The roel-:er members 32 correspond in number to
is adapted to furnish information to the relay box l2
corresponding to the desired character to be formed in a
line of type. Appropriate circuits are closed by the relays
(not shown) in the box l2, and an energizing signal is
transmitted over these circuits to one of the solenoids 2l
in the operating unit la. Upon the receipt of this euer
gizing signal, the selected solenoid Zit draws the corre
spending plunger 24», together with the tube 25 and the
the number of different releasing operations to be per
operating rod 26, in an upward direction, as shown in
formed by the line casting machine and are adapted to 10 PISURE 6. The resulting upward force exerted on the
rotate about a horizontal shaft 33 in an escapement mech
screw 3i? causes the member 32 to roch about the shaft 33
anism 34. rEhe shaft 33 extends through the central por
tion of eac-h of the rockers 32 and is suitably supported by
the escapement mechanism 3d in the usual manner.
in a clockwise direction, as viewed in the drawings, against
.Each of 'he rockers 32 includes an upper socket 35 and
a lower socket Sá which are respectively located above
and below the shaft 33. Sockets 35 and 36 have a sub
stantially circular configuration and are adapted to receive
corresponding ends of an upper pawl 3”? and a lower pawl
the tension provided by the spring 43. The lower pawl
3S is ywithdrawn from the interior of the magazine 5d,
thereby permitting the lowermost matrix 51h; to drop from
the magazine to the line or" type being formed. Clock
wise rotation of the rocker member 52 about shaft 33
also moves the upper pawl 37 into the interior of the
magazine 5d. Pawl 37 comes in contact with the ad
353, respectively, ‘which project horizontally from each of 20 jacent upper lug 55 of the matrix Seb as this matrix slides
the rockers 32 in a direction opposite to that of the screw
alomT the channel 53, and thus the matrix 54h is prevented
The projecting ends of the upper pawls 37 are posi
from dropping from the magazine 5i? and is held in a
tioned in corresponding apertures 3@ in an upper hori
position about halfway between that of the matrices 54a
zontal ledge
at the front face of the esc-apement mech
and Sfib in FlGUlìE 5.
anism 3d, while the projecting ends of the lower pawls 3S 25
Upon deenergization of the selected solenoid 2l, the
similarly are located in apertures ¿il in a lower horizontal
spring d3 immediately returns the corresponding rocker
ledge 42 of the mechanism
Each of the rocher members 32 is biased in a counter
clockwise direction, as viewed in FIGURES 4, 5 »and 6, by
an elongated coil spring d3. One end of spring a3 is
rigidly afdxed to the screw 3S on the corresponding rocker
32 while the other end of spring 43 is secured to a pro
jecting portion ¿il of a longitudinally extending bracket
member 32, the operating rod 25, the tube ZS and the
plunger 2d to their initial (FÍGURE 5) position. As
the rocher member 32 returns, the upper pawl 37 is
withdrawn from the interior of the magazine Sil and there
by enables the matrix 54]) to drop a short distance. Be
fore the upper lug 55' on the side of matrix l5ft!) adjacent
the member 32 passes the lo‘r’er aperture ¿il in ledge ,42,
As best shown in FIGURE 3, the bracket 45 is fas
however, the lower pawl 32 protrudes through this aper
tened to the rear face of the escapement mechanism 54 by 35 ture into the interior or" the magazine Sil and comes in
machine screws
or other suitable means.
Contact with the adjacent upper lug 55, thereby arresting
A storage magazin-e 5d (ElGURES 5 and o) of the line
the downward movement of the matrix 54h in the posi
tion formerly assume-d by matrix 54a. The apparatus is
support frame
(FÉGURE 2) in juxtaposition with the
thus immediately conditioned for the release of the matrix
escapement mechanism 341-. The side of magazine Sil ad 40 Séb should another signal be received by the correspond
jacent the escapement mechanism 3f: includes an elongated
ing solenoid 121.
casting machine l5, is f. apted to be positioned on the
vupper aperture 5l and an elongated lower aperture 52
which are adapted to accommodate the upper ledge et)
and the lower ledge d2, respectively, on the escapement
mech nism 3d. rfhe magazine Sd includes the usual chan
nels 53, which contain a plurality of matrices Elta, 55:17
ano 5de bearing suitable indicia (not shown) of the par
ticular character' to be cast in a line of type. Although
- purposes of clarity only one of the channels 53 has
n shown in the drawings, it will be understood that the
magazine 5d comprises a series of channels 53 in parallel,
side by side relations
"
' with each other, corresponding
io number to the number of roel-:er me „bers 32 employed
in the escapement mechanism 3d of the line casting ma
chine. Each of the matrices 5am, dab and :3f-lc is of sub
stantially flat, rectangular construction and includes four
projecting lugs 55 which extend from the longitudinal
in this manner successive matrices are quickly brought
into the discharge position and may be discharged from
the magazine 5o and, together with appropriate space
bands (not shown), assembled in a line for delivery to
the casting point. Ey providing a direct, physical con
nection between the various solenoid plungers ’nl and the
corresponding rochers 32, a particular matrix
may be
released immediately upon the receipt of an energizing
signal by the appropriate solenoid 2l. Upon *he removal
of this signal, the coil spring
immediately returns the
rocker 32 to its initial position and thereby prepares the
apparatus for the release of a successive matrix 54h from
the same channel. ln the illustrated embodiment of the
invention, the control shaft (not shown) in the timing
unit l'î (FEGURE l) may be rotated at a speed such
that the various matrices are uniformly and automatically
released lat a rate of 550 per minute. This high and
uniform operating speed has been attained without the
sides thereof at each corner. in the «operative position
of the magazine
the matrices in a given channel 53
are in coplanar alignment with each other and extend in
necessity for introducing special time delays, complicated
a substantially vertical piane.
60 mechanical or electrical components, etc., into the matrix
in its unoperated position, the lower pawl 3d of each
releasing system. Ci course, other operating speeds may
of the rocker members 32 extends into the magazine 5d
be employed without departing from the spirit or scope
through the corresponding aperture 4l in ledge ¿i2 and
of the invention, and in some instances the matrices ad
engages the lower end of the upper projecting lug 55 along
vantageously may be released at a speed higher, as well
the adjacent longitudinal side of the lowerinost matrix
as lower, than that specifically referred to above.
54a, as shown in FEGURE 5. Matrix Sdu is thereby sup
The above construction also permits manual operation
ported in its proper position in the magazine channel S5.
of the line casting machine, when desired, through the
The upper pawl 37 of each rocker member 32. is located
use of the machine keyboard (not shown). Thus, the
in the corresponding aperture 39 in ledge 429 in -a position
escapement mechanism 34 includes a series of plungers 56,
withdrawn from the interior of the magazine 5d. in the 70 each of which corresponds with one of the rocker mem
FEGURE 5 position, aperture 39 is located intermediate
bers 3f; and is adapted to move in a vertical direction, as
the two lugs 55 along the adjacent longitudinal side of the
viewed in the drawings. Each plunger 5d is controlled
matrix 51th, which rests against the upper edge of the
by the keyboard of the line casting machine and moves
lowermost matrix 54:1 and is supported thereby.
upwardly upon actuation of the appropriate key, thereby
As indicated heretofore, the tape box it) (FlGURl-E `l) 75 rocking the corresponding rocker member 32 and releas
spesse?
ï
' ï
7
ing one of the matrices in a manner similar to that de
scribed heretofore.
The various soienoids 2l, together with other compo
nents comprising the escapement operating unit i4 of the
control system, are rigidly held in spaced, side by side
relationship with each other and in
operative position
with respect to the escapement mechanism 3d by the
mounting bracket 22, the detailed construction of which
is best shown in lïlßÍ-URÈES 7A and 7B. "i" he bracket Z2
g
flange 62 and are rigidly held in position on the bracket
section ell.
As best shown in FÉGURE 4, wo elongated panels Sil
and 8l are vertically disposed on the upper bracket sec
Vtion 7l and are respectively secured to opposite sides of.
the posts 73, 7 s and 75 by screws il?, or other appropriate
means. ri`he panels
and Sl are thus located immedi
ately above the solenoids 2l on the mounting bracket 22
t and are adapted to accommodate a plurality ot rectir’lers
includes an elongated lower section o@ having a portion
el which is disposed in a substantially vertical plane, as
33 which, for example, may be electrically connected to
the corresponding solenoids 2l in a manner similar to
the connections between the solenoids ll and the recti
viewed in the drawings. A ilange o2 extends horizontally
iiers 267 shown schematically in FlGURE l or" the afore
in one direction from the lowermost edge of the portion
mentioned Ackell l’atent 2,845,055. Although for pur
êhivhile a second liange e3 extends from the upper edge
of portion di in a direction pposite to that or” the flange 15 poses of clarity only some of the rectiiiers 83 have been
illustrated in the drawings, it will be understood that these
62. The section ed ot’ bracket 22 additionally includes
rectiñers extend substantially along the entire, exposed
a second portion
having flanges
and 66 located in
surfaces of the panels d@ and @l and, in this particular
planes which are dispose at an angle of slightly less than
embodiment of the invention, correspond in number to
90 degrees in relation to each other. The flange d5 oi
portion ed is welded or otherwise rigidly añìxed to the 20 the number of rectiiiers 267 illustrated schematically in
vertical portion 6l and is longitudinally disposed with
respect thereto, as shown in lïlGURES Il and 7A.
The
Ackell Patent 2,846,655. By mounting the rectifier
panels d@ and dl immediately adjacent the solenoids 2l,
the amount ot electrical wiring necessary to connect the
rectiiiers §53 with the appropriate solenoids 2l in a given
same plane as the upper
d3 on the portion el but
‘
extends in a direction opposite to that of ilange o3 at a 25 installation can be maintained at a minimum.
The use of rectii’iers, such as the rectiiiers d3, in the
slight, downward angle with respect thereto.
`control system of a line casting machine has many im
The franges o5 and ed on the respective portions el. and
portant advantages, some of which are summarized in the
64 oi the lower section dè of mounting bracket Z2 are
aforementioned Ackell Patent 2,846,055. However, in
each provided w ith a series of apertures e7 therein. These
some embodiments ol the present invention the rectiñers
apertures are spaced longitudinally along the ilanges 63
flange 6d of portion ed is disposed substantially in the
and 66, and the number of apertures in each flange corre
spends to the number oi’ solenoids 2lb or Zlrz, respective
ly, in the appropriate row. Additionally, the lower ilange
«52 on the portion el of bracket section dil includes a plu
may be saiely omitted without departing from the
spirit or scope of the invention. ln these latter embodi
ments, there is of course no necessity for the provision of
the rectiiier panels
and ill, the mounting posts 73, 7d
rality of recesses 63 which likewise are longitudinally 35 and 7:5, and related parte.
it desired, a cover
may be positioned on the operat
spaced thereon and correspond in number to the number
ing unit ld adiacent the rectilier panels
and 8l, as
of solenoids Zic.
shown in FÉGURES 2 and 4. The cover Se has a cross
The rows ot apertures 57 are adapted to be aligned
section substantially in the shape of an inverted U and
with a pair of mating rows of apertures 7d on an elon
Cover
gated upper section 7l of the mounting bracket 22. The 40 extends longitudinally over the panels dil and
Sd is rigidly maintained with respect to the mounting
section‘îl is'adapted to rest on the upper surfaces of the
posts 73, 7d and 75 by appropriat s; acers
which
ñanges 63 and 6d of the lower bracket section 6@ and
extend outwardly from the panels d@ and Sl and are
includes a slight bend 72 adiacent the longitudinal center
iixedly secured to the cover
by screws
or other
line thereof for this purpose. Bracket section 7i addi
tionally includes three posts 73, 7d» and 75 (FEGURE 3) 45
suitable means.
.
The assembled operating unit ld for theV line casting
machine is maintained in rigid relationship with the
escapement mechanism 3d by two legs @il and @El of simi
thereof to corresponding plates 76. The plates 76 for the
lar construction which depend from opposite ends oí the
posts 73 and 75 are welded or otherwise rigidly positioned
adjacent each end of the bracket section 7
Post 7d, on 50 mounting bracket 22,. The leg El@ is best shown in
FÃGURB 7B. The upper portion of the leg 9@ is welded
the other hand, is somewhat shorter than posts 73 and 75
which extend in an upward direction, as viewed in the
drawings, and are respectively adixed at the lower ends
and is located on its corresponding plate 7d at the ap
or otherwise secured to two extensions 92 and 93 which
proximate longitudinal center of the bracket section 7l.
project in opposite directions at right angles to the longi
ot the lower bracket section 6tlg respectively, and these
solenoids 21a depend from the llange 6o and are rigidly
held in position by the mounting screws 77. The mount
Vlli) is firmly maintained in spaced, parallel relationship
tudinal direction or” the bracket 22 at one end thereof and
ri`he two sections oil and 7l of the mounting bracket 22
are maintained in rigid relationship with each other by a 55 are integrally formed with the bracket portions el and
6d, respectively. The upper portion of the leg 91 is simi
plurality of solenoid mounting screws 77 which are
larly amxed at the other end of bracket Z2 to two ex
adapted to be inserted in the solenoids Zia and 2lb at the
tensions 94 and 9S (FiF-URE 4). The lower portions of
ends thereof opposite the ends connected to the operating
legs gli and @l are rigidly secured to opposite ends or" the
rods 26. The mounting screws 77 for the row of sole
noids 21o are inserted in corresponding apertures 7d and 60 escapernent mechanism 34, and thus the mounting bracket
22 (together with the solenoids 2l, the rectiíier panels Si?
o7 in the upper bracket section 7l and in the flange 6a
ing screws 77 for the row of solenoids 2lb are inserted in 65
and Sl, and other associated parts of the operating unit
therewith.
After the mounting bracket 22 is secured to the escape
ment mechanism 34, the plungers 2d of the various sole
noids 2l are respectively attached to the corresponding
rocker members 52 by means of the operating rods 26
mating apertures 7i? and e7 in the upper bracket section
7l. and in the flange 63 of the lower bracket section 6i?,
respectively. These latter mounting screws 77 similarly
and the set screws 3@ in a man. er described heretofore.
hold the row of solenoids 2lb rigidly in position beneath
of a par
the ilange 63, and the solenoids 2lb depend from this 70 There may be instances where the plunger
ticular solenoid 2l is not exactly in line with its corre
dange- on a side of the bracket section all opposite to that
sponding operating rod 26. However, the necessity for
of the solenoids 21a. The lowermost row or" solenoids
such exact alignment has been substantially eliminated
L‘lc is similarly provided with mounting screws '77 which
through the use of the flexible tubes 25 which enable the
extend through the recesses oil in the lower flange 62 of
.bracket section titl. The solenoids 2te depend from the 75 various operating rods 2e to depend at au angle with re`
aora-,5er
9
spectto the corresponding plungers 24 without deleterious
effect.
As shown in FIGUREZ, the assembly comprising the
operating unit 14 and the escapement mechanism 3d is
secured directly to a magazine frame 2li or" the line cast
ing machine 15 between two depending arms 168 and 1411
thereof. For this purpose, ears 192 and 1113 respectively
extend from opposite end-s of the escapement mechanism
34 and are each provided with an upper aperture 1% and
a lower aperture 165., The lower aperture 195 of ear
102 and the upper aperture 14M of ear 1% accommodate
mounting bolts 196 and 167, respectively. ri`he bolt 1nd
extends through the lowermost portion of the frame arm
16d, while bolt 197' is inserted in the arm 101 immedi
ately above the lowermost portion thereof. The upper
aperture 164 of ear 132 and the lower aperture ïiiâ of
ear 103 mate with corresponding guide pins 198 and
1%9. Guide pin 168 protrudes from the arm ltilì of frame
2li and is located immediately above the mounting bolt
166, while guide pin 199 extends from the lowermost por
tion of frame arm 191 below the mounting bolt 1li?.
The cable 13 containing the electrical wiring leading from
the relay box 12 (FÍGURE l) to the escapement oper
ating unit 14 is held in position on the rectifier mounting
panel Sil by a suitable bracket 111.
The escapement mechanism 34 (FIGURE 2), together
in a manner similar to the various space band solenoids
shown in the aforementioned Ackell patents. Thus, as an
illustration, these terminals may be connected to a suit
able direct current voltage source in a manner similar to
the space band solenoid shown in FIGURE la of Acliell
Patent 2,846,055. ln this illustration, the positive line
230 of Ackell is connected to the terminal 119, While
Ackell’s negative line 231 is connected to the terminal
12d.
Referring to FIGURE 9, the line casting machine 1:3'
includes an upstanding member 1.25 which is disposed
adiacent the space band box (not shown) of the machine.
An elongated arm 126 is pivotally connected- at one end
thereof to the upstanding member 125'» by means of a
pin 127. The arm 126 extends horizontally, as Viewed in
FIGURE 9, and is supported adjacent its other end by
a coil spring 128, one end of which is afñxed to the arm
126 by a screw 129. The opposite end of the spring 128
is suitably secured, as at 13d, to a portion of the line
casting machine.
The elongated arm 126 includes a ilange 131 extending
longitudfnally therewith in a horizontal plane. A spheri
cal roller 132 rests against the upper surfa:e of the ilange
131 and is adapted to rotate about a pin 133 mounted
at one end of a switch arm 134».
The other end of the
arm 134iis rigidly añ‘ixed to a shaft 13S which comprises
the armature for the rotary solenoid 115. Although the
with the operating unit 14 mounted thereon, can be
solenoid 115 is mounted in front of the switch arm 134
quickly and easily secured to and removed from the maga
and hence normally would obscure the arm as viewed in
zine frame Ztl. These components are accurately located
by means of the guide pins 1&3 and 169 and are rigidly 30 FiGURE 9, for purposes of clarity its location has been
shown by dotted lines in this ligure.
held in an operative position by the bolts 10o and 1517.
As will be understood, the space bands are released by
Should a particular solenoid Z1 or other component in the
a suitable releasing mechanism (not shown) which is ac
operating unit 14 burn out, for example, and» thereby
tuated by a pin 136 at the end of arm 126 adjacent the
necessitate its repair or replacement, the operating unit
screw 129. The pin 136 is adapted to first move in a
1e’.- is electrically disconnected from the relay box 12 (FIF
URE l) by a suitable plug and socket arrangement (not
downward direction, as viewed in FlGURE 9, to thereby
shown in FIGURES l and 2) intermediate the ends of
the cable 13. The bolts 166 and 1117 are removed, and
the operating unit 14 and attached escapement mech
condition the releasing mechanism for the release of a
space band. Upon upward movement of pin 135, a space
band drops from the space band box and is assembled in
anism 34 are lifted from the magazine frame Ztl of the 40 a line of type.
Upon the appearance of information on. the control
line casting machine. During the maintenance of these
parts, an alternate operating unit and escapement mech
anism are positioned on frame 2i?, where they are aligned
by means of the pins 10S and 169 and are held in posi
tion by the bolts 166 and 167. In this manner, any de
lays in the operation of the line casting machine 15 are
kept at a minimum since the necessary maintenance can
be performed while the machine is under the control of
the alternate operating unit and escapernent mechanism.
As has been indicated heretofore, the Various matrices
released from the magazine Si) of the line casting ma
chine 15 drop to an assembly point on the machine where
tape in the tape box lil (FÃGURE l) indicative of a space
band, signals are transmitted over the cable 11 to the re
lay box 12 to thereby energize certain of the relays there
in and complete an electrical path to the terminals 119
and 12d (FIGURE 8). At an appropriate time in the
cycle, a signal is transmitted from the timing unit 17' over
this path to the conductors 117 and 115i, thereby energiz
ing the rotary solenoid 115 and charging the capacitor
121. Energization of the solenoid 115 rotates the sole
noid shaft 135, together with the arm 134 allîxed thereto,
in a clockwise direction, as viewed in FEGURE 9, and
the roller 132 bears against the liange 131 to rotate the
arm 126 clockwise about the pin 127 against the tension
to form a line of type. The space bands customarily
are stored in a suitable space band box (not shown) 55 of the coil spring 12S. This rotation of the arm 126
moves the pin 136 in a downward direction, thereby con
which is located on the line casting machine immediately
they are assembled, along with appropriate space bands,
above the assembly point. In accordance with certain
embodiments of the present invention, these space bands
ditioning the space band releasing mechanism.
The solenoid 11€ is held in its energized condition after
the termination of the voltage signal across the terminals
are automatically released in response to an appropriate
space band signal from the tape box 1l) by means of a 60 119 and 12d by means of the capacitor 121. Upon the
completion of the discharge of this capacitor, the solenoid
rotary solenoid 115, as shown in FIGURES 8 and 9.
115 returns to its normal (unenergized) condition, and
The solenoid 115 includes an energizing winding 116
the arm 126 pivots in a countercloclrwise direction about
which is connected at one end to a conductor 117 and
the pin 127 by reason of the spring 12S. |TheI resulting
at the other end to a conductor 11S. The free end of
actuates the releasing
the conductor 117 is attached to a terminal 119, while the 65 upward movement of the pin
mechanism to cause a space band to drop from the space
free end of t e conductor 11E; is secured to a terminal 12d.
band box to the assembly point.
A capacitor 121 is connected across the conductors 117
and 11S in parallel with the solenoid 115.
In the usual line casting machine, the time required
for a released space band to reach the assembly point is
nected through appropriate circuitry, relays, switches, etc., 70 less than that required for a released matrix, and it is
in the tape box 1t?, the relay box 12 and the timing unit
therefore advantageous to prevent the space bands from
The terminals 119 and 12d are adapted to be con
17 (FIGURE l) to a suitable source of electrical po
reaching the assembly point ahead of their intended posi
tential. Although for purposes of clarity these connec
tion in the line of type being formed. The apparatus de
tions have not been shown in the drawings, the terminals
scribed above insures that a particular space band reaches
119 and 129 illustratively may be connected electrically 75 the assembly point in its proper sequence. Thus, by
3,074,537
f"
"
ll
_
_
means of the capacitor lZl and the solenoid llS, together
with associated parts, there is a lapse of time between
the appearance or" a space band release signal at the ter
minals ll9 and l2@ and the deenergization of solenoid
llë' and resulting upward movement of pin 136 to re
lease a space band. This time lapse may be adjusted by
varying the time constant of the capacitor-solenoid cir
cuit and/ or the tension in the spring §28 to insure that the
space bands are assembled at their intended location in
the handle 14% is moved in an upward direction, as viewed
in FlGURE 1l, to thereby rotate the shaft lël‘î counter
clockwise through a suitable arc. As the shaft 147 ro
tates, he magaizne 59 associated with the escapernent
operating unit léa moves from an operable location on
the line casting machine 15a, and the alternate magazine
associated with theV operating unit lflb moves into posi
tion.
Üuring the counterclockwise rotation of the shaft ifi-‘7,
constant and spring tension are adjusted so that the time
the pin §51 on the switch actuator bracket l@ moves
downwardly to similarly move the outer end of the arm
i523. Movement of arm i53- rotates the contact position
lapse is equal to slightly less than one complete revolu
tion of the control shaft in the timing unit T17.
ing shaft l5@ of switch 14d in a clockwise direction,
thereby transferring the various leads in the cable lâ
in many types of line casting machines there are pro
vided a plurality of magazines, each similar to the maga
zine 5t? of FIGURES 5 and 6, which may be mounted
from the socket lill to the socket 142. As a result, the
the line of type Vand not ahead of the preceding matrix,
for example.- ln one satisfactory embodiment, the time
one above or outwardly of the other on appropriate maga
cable i3 is automatically disconnected from the cable
13a for the operating unit ida and is connected to the
cable lîb for the operating unit lill? corresponding to
zine frames and selectively positioned in an operative
the alternate magazine. VOperation of the line casting
location on the machine. Each magazine customarily car
machine 15a is continued by means of the operating unit
idb under the control of the tape in the tape box lll
(ElGUitE l) in the manner described heretofore.
The terms and expressions which have been employed
ries matrices adapted for the formation of a particular
style of lettering. in accordance with certain embodi
ments of the present invention, an operating unit and an
escapement mechanism are mounted on the frame 2@
supporting each such magazine. As shown in FlGURES
l0 and ll, the cable i3 leading from the relay box l2
is connected to a multi-contact switch VSift@ which is
are used as terms of description and not of limitation,
and there is no intention, in the use of such terms and
expressions, of excluding any equivalents of the features
shown and described, or portions thereof, it being recog
nized that various modifications are possible within the
adapted upon actuation to transfer the, leads in cable i3
scope of the invention claimed.
between two output sockets lêl and M2. Although many
What is claimed is:
Y
types of switches may be employed for this purpose, one 30
l. in an automatic control system for a line casting
satisfactory switch is similar to that sold by international
machine having a matrix storage magazine and a frame
~instruments, inc. catalogue No. 5SO24N. This Interna
tional lnstruments switch is capable of establishing thirty
member for supporting said magazine, in combination, an
escapement mechanism for sequentially discharging indi
connections between the cableillS and the sockets ifi-i or
142, although only twenty-seven of these connections are 35 vidual matrices from said magazine, said mechanism in- Y
employed in the illustrated embodiment of the invention.
cludinv a plurality of rocker members in operable rela
tionship with said magazine, one of said rocker members
The output socket 141 is connected yby a cable 13a to
an escapement operating unit Stein mounted in operable
being provided for each different type of matrix to be
relationship with one of the magazines of a line casting
released, each of said members being adapted for rotation
between an unoperated and an operated position, an op
machine 15a. Similarly, the output socket 142 is con
nected by a cable l3b to an escapement operating unit
erating unit including a plurality of solenoids, one for
34h in operable relationship with another magazine of
each of said rocker members, each of said solenoids hav
the machine 15a. The construction and general mode of
'mg an armature portion directly and llexibly connected
operation of the operating units léa and i-tb in the release
to the corresponding rocker member, and said operating
of matrices from the corresponding magazine and the
unit including a plurality of unidirectional current de
manner in which these operating unitstare detachably
vices electrically connected to said solenoids, means in
mounted on the respective magazine frames (see the frame
cluding said um'directional current devices for selectively
2li of FiGURE. 2, for example) are similar to that de
energizing said solenoids, energization of a selected one
scribed heretofore in connection with the operating unit
of said soienoids being adapted to actuate the armature
lnV FlGUîîE l0, the physical relationship between 50 portion thereof and thereby rotate the corresponding
the operating units idr! and l-/ë'b and the magazine frames
of the line casting machine 15a is represented schemat
ically by dotted lines M3 and lari.
rocker member to its operated position to release a matrix
switch le@ is mounted on the .line casting machine i511
of the corresponding type, all of the matrices for a given
,line of type being released at uniform intervals, a plu
rality of coil springs respectively connected to eachtof
said rocker members, each of said springs being adapted
adjacent a magazine shift lever 145 (FIGURE ll). The
to return the rocker member connected thereto to its un
lever ldd is a?ixed to a rotatable shaft 147 adjacent one
end thereof and includes an operating handle M3 at the
operated position immediately upon deenergization of the
" " of the handle llélä to the _position shown, the initial
magazine is returned to an operable location on the ma
2. ln an automatic control system for a line casting
machine having matrix storing means and a machine
chine.
frame member including an elongated portion for sup
porting said storing means, in combination, releasing
As shown schematically by the dotted line 145, the
corresponding, selected solenoid, means for maintaining
other end thereof. As is well known, upward movement
said solenoids and said unidirectional current devices in
of the handle 14S, as viewed in FiGURE ll, is adapted to Gil fixed relationship witheach other and with said escape
rotate the shaft lai-7 through a suitable arc to thereby shift
ment mechanism, and means for detachably securing said
from one matrbr magazine to the other. Upon the re
escapement mechanism to said frame member.
Rigidly mounted on the shaft M7 is an actuator bracket
i419. The ,bracket M9 is seid in position by suitable
means in operat've relationship with said storing means
screws i5@ and includes a pin E51 on the outer portion
for discharging individual matrices therefrom, said releas
thereof which entends in a direction parallel to the axial
ing means including a plurality of matrix discharge mem
direction of shaft la7. The pin lâî is disposed in a U 70 bers in iuxtaposition with said storing means, one of said
shaped recess l52 at one end of a switch arm 153, the
discharge members being provided for each different type
other end of which is amused to a contact positioning shaft
of matrix to be released, an operating unit including a
läd of the switch iii-i).
first and a second group of current responsive devices for
operating said releasing means, one of said current re
When it is desired to shift from one magazine to
sponsive devices being provided for each of said discharge
' another, such as to chan e st les of lettering,
for exam le,
‘e
3,074,537
memberaeach of said current responsive ,devices having
an armature portion directly connected to the correspond
ing discharge member, and said operating unit including
ber to its operated position to release a matrix of the cor
responding type, all ofthe matrices for a given line of type
connected to, said current responsive devices, elongated
being released at uniform intervals, biasing means affixed
to each of said rocker members for returning the rocker
member corresponding to a selected solenoid to its unop
support means mounted on said releasing means for main
erated position immediately upon deenergization thereof,
taining said operating unit in rigid relationship therewith,
and an elongated support bracket mounted on said releas
a -plurality of unidirectional current devices electrically
ing means for maintaining said operating unit in rigid rela
tionship therewith, said bracket including a Íirst longitudi
spaced, side by side relationship with each other, includ l0 nal flange portion for supporting said tirst group of cur
rent responsive devices in spaced, side by side relationship
ing a second. portion for supporting said second group of
vu'th each other, including a second longitudinal flange
current responsive devices in spaced, side by side rela
portion for supporting said second group of current re
tionship with each other and including a third portion for
sponsive devices in spaced, side by side relationship with
supporting said unidirectional current devices, and means
for detachably securing said releasing means, together 15 each other and including an upstanding portion rigidly
afñxed to said first and second portions for supporting said
with theV operating unit attached thereto, to the storing
unidirectional current devices.
means supporting portion of said frame member.
said support means including a lirst portion for support
ing said yfirst group of said current responsive devices in
3. In an automatic control system for a line casting
machine having `matrix storing means and a frame mem
5` In an automatic control system for a line casting ma
chine having a matrix storage magazine and a frame meni
ber for supporting said storing means, in combination, 20 ber for supporting said magazine, in combination, an
escapement mechanism for sequentially discharging indi
releasing meansidetachably secured to said trarne member
vidual matrices from said magazine, said mechanism in
and in operative relationship with said storing means
cluding a plurality of rocker members in operable rela
for sequentially discharging individual matrices there
tionship with said magazine, one of said rocker members
`from, said releasing means including a plurality of matrix
discharge members in juxtaposition with said storing 25 being provided for each dilîerent type of matrix to be re
leased and each of said members being adapted for rota
means, one of said discharge members being provided for
tion between an unoperated and an operated position, an
each different type of matrix to be released, each of said
operating unit including a first and a second group of sole
discharge members being adapted for rotation between
noids, one of said solenoids being provided for each of
an unoperated and an operated position, an operating
unit including a -tirst and a second group of current re 30 said rocker members, each of said solenoids having a
movable plunger directly and ilexibly connected to the
sponsive devices for operating said releasing iJeans, one
corresponding rocker member, and said ope-rating unit
of said current responsive devices being provided for
including a plurality of rectitiers electrically connected to
each of said discharge members, each of said current re
said solenoids, means for selectively energizing said sole
sponsive devices having an armature portion directly con
nested to the cor esponding discharge member, and said 35 noids, energization of a selected one of said solenoids
being adapted to actuate the plunger thereof and there-by
operating unit including a plurality of unidirectional cur
rotate the corresponding rocker member to its operated
rent devices electrically connected to said current respon
position to release a matrix of the corresponding type, all
sive devices, means for selectively energizing said current
of the matrices for a given line of type being released at
responsive devices, energization of a selected one of said
devices adapted to actuate the armature portion thereof 40 uniform intervals, biasing means for said rocker members
including a plurality of coil springs respectively atïixed to
and thereby rotate the corresponding discharge member
each of said rocker members, each of said coil springs
to its operated position to release a matrix oi the corre
being adapted to return the corresponding rocker member
sponding type, all of the matrices for a given line of type
to its unoperated position immediately upon deenergiza
being released at uniform intervals, and elongated sup
tion of the corresponding, selected solenoid, an elongated
45
port means mounted on said releasing means for main
support bracket mounted on said escapement mechanism
taining said operating unit in rigid relationship therewith,
for maintaining said operating unit in rigid relationship
said support means including a first llange portion for
therewith, said support bracket including a first and a sec
supporting said iirst group of current responsive devices
ond longitudinal ñange in substantial coplanar alignment
in spaced, side by side relationship with each other, in
cluding a second dange portion for supporting said second 50 with each other and including an upstanding portion ex
tending at right angles to the plane of said flanges, the
group of current responsive devices in spaced, side by
solenoids
in said ñrst group being rigidly afñxed to said
side relationship with each other and including an up
iirst ñange in spaced, side by side relationship with each
standing portion for supporting said unidirectional cur
other, the solenoids in said second group being rigidly
rent devices.
añixed to said second llange in spaced, side by side rela
55
4. In an automatic control system for aline casting ma
tionship with each other and said rectiiiers being posi
chine having matrix storing means and a frame member
tionen on said upslanding portion, and means for detach
for supporting said storing means, in combination, matrix
ably securing said escapement mechanism to said frame
releasing means detachably secured to said frame member
member.
for discharging individual matrices from said matrix stor
6. An automatic control system for a line casting ma
ing means, said matrix releasing means including a plural 60
chine having matrix storage means and a frame member
ity of rocker members in juxtaposition with said storing
for supporting said storing means, said system comprising,
in combination, a device for advancing and analyzinga
control tape, timing means for controlling the operation
bers being adapted for rocking movement between an un
operated and an operated position, an operating unit 65 of said tape advancing and analyzing device, matrix re
leasinf7 means dctachably secured to said frame member
means, one of said members being provided for each dif
- ferent type of matrix to be released and each of said mem
including a lirst and a second group of solenoids, one of
said solenoids being provided for each of said rocker
members, each of said solenoids having an armature por
tion directly and dexibly connected tothe corresponding
rocker member, and said operating unit including a plu
rality of unidirectional current devices electrically con
nected to said solenoids, means for selectively energizing
said solenoids, energization of a selected one of said sole
noids being adapted to actuate the armature portion
thereof and thereby move the corresponding rocker mem
for discharging individual matrices from said matrix stor
ing means, said matrix releasing means including a plural
ity of rocker members lin juxtaposition with said storing
means, one of said rocker members being provided for
each dilîerent type of matrix to be released and each of
said rocker members being adapted for rocking movement
between an unoperated and an operated position, an oper
ating unit including a plurality of solenoids, one .of- said
solenoids being provided for each of said rocker members,
aeree-a7
ld
and second matrix discharge means for respectively dis
charging individual matrices from said ñrst and second
matrix storing means, all of the matrices for a given line
of type beino discharged at uniform intervals, each of said
matrix discharge means being detachably connected to
the frame member for the corresponding matrix storing
eans and including a plurality of releasing members, one
of said releasing members being provided for each differ
each of said solenoids having an armature portion directly
and ñexibly connected to the corresponding rocker mem
ber, and said operating unit including a plurality of recti
flers electrically connected to said solenoids, circuit means
responsive to said tape advancing and analyzing device for
selectively energizing said solenoids, energization of a
elected one of said solenoids being adapted to actuate the
armature portion thereof and thereby move the corre
ent type of matrix to be released, a first operating unit for
operating said iirst matrix discharge means, a second
spending rocker member to its operated position to release
a matrix of the corresponding type, all of the matrices for
a given line of type being released at uniform intervals,
operating unit for operating said second matrix discharge
means, each of said operating units including a plurality of
biasing means affixed to each of said rocher iembers for
returning the rocker member corresponding to a selected
solenoid to its unoperated position immediately uponV de
ene'rgization thereof, and support means mounted on said
releasing means for maintaining said operating unit in
rigid relationship therewith, said support means including
a ñrst portion'for supporting said solenoids in spaced,
side by side relationship with each other and including a
20
secondportion for supporting said rectiíiers.
7. An automatic control system for a line casting ma»
chine having a matrix storage magazine and a frame mem
ber for supporting said magazine, said system comprising,
in combination, a device for-advancing and analyzing a
control tape, timing means for controlling the operation
of said tape advancing and analyzing device, an escape
ment mechanism for sequentially discharging individual
matrices Írorn'said magazine, said mechanism including a
pluralityïof rocker members inoperable relationship with
said magazine, one'of said rocker members being provided
for each different type of matrix to be released and each
of said rocker members being adapted for rotation be
tween an unoperated and an operated position, an operat
ing unit including a ñrst and a second group of solenoids,
one of said solenoids being provided foreach of said
rocker members, each of said solenoids having a movable
current responsive devices, one for each of the releasing
members in the corresponding matrix discharge means,
each of said current responsive devices having an arma
ture portion directly and positively connected to the cor
responding releasing member, means for maintaining the
current responsive devices in each of said operating units
in rigid relationship with each other and with the corre
spending matrix discharge means, circuit means respon
sive to said tape analyzing device and connected to one of
said operating units for controlling the selective operation
of the current responsive devices therein, said one operat
ing unit corresponding to the matrix discharge means for
said one matrix storing means, and means automatically
responsive to the shifting of said other matrix storing
means to said operable location for connecting said cir
cuit means to the other of said operating units for con
trolling the selective operation of the current responsive
30 devices therein.
9. An automatic control system for a line casting ma
chine, said machine including iirst and second matrix
storage magazines respectively supported on first and sec
ond magazine frame members, one of said magazines
being disposed in an operable location on said machine,
and said machine including means for shifting the other of
said magazines to said operable location, said system corn
plunger directly and ilexibly connected to the correspond
prising, in combination, a device for advancing and ana
ing rocker member, and said operating unit including a
lyzing a control tape, timing means for controlling the
plurality of rectiñers electrically connected tosaid sole
noids, relay means responsive to said tape advancing and 40 operation of said tape advancing and analyzing device, a
lirst and a second escapemcnt mechanism for respectively
analyzing device for selectively energizing said solenoids,
discharging individual matrices from said first and second
energization of a selected one ot said Ysolenoids being
magazines, each of said escapement mechanisms being de
adapted to actuate the plunger thereof and 'thereby rotate
tachably secured to the trarne member for the correspond
the corresponding rocker member to its operated position
ing magazine and including a plurality of rocker members
to release a matrix of the corresponding type, all of the
in juxtaposition with said corresponding magazine, one of
matrices for a given line of type being released at uniform
said rocker members being provided for each ditierent
intervals, biasing means for said rocker members includ
type of matrix to be released and each of said rocker
ing a plurality of coil springs respectively aliîxed to each
members being adapted for rocking movement between
of said'rocker members, each of said coil springs being
adapted to return the corresponding rocker member to its 50 an unoperated and an operated position, a first operating
unoperated position immediately upon deenergization of
the corresponding, selected solenoid, an elongated support
bracket vmounted on said escapement mechanism for
maintaining said operating unit in rigid relationship'there
unit for selectively operating the rocker members in said
ñrst escapernent mechanism, a second operating unit
for selectively operating the roel-:er members in said
'second escapement mechanism, each of said operating
with, said support bracket including a Íirstand a second 55 units including a plurality of solenoids, one for each of
the rocker members in the corresponding escapement
mechanism, each of 'said solenoids having an armature
each other and including an upstanding portion extending
portion directly and positively connected to the corre
at right angles to the plane of said flanges, the solenoids
sponding rocker member, and each of said operating units
in said ñrst group being rigidly aiiìxed to said íirst ñange
Y in spaced, side by side relationship with each other, the 60 including a plurality of rectiiiers electrically connected to
the solenoids therein, support means mounted on each of
.solenoids in said second group being rigidly aflìxed to said
said escapement mechanisms for maintaining the corre
second flange in spaced, side by side relationship with each
longitudinal liange in substantial coplanar alignment with
other and said rectiiiers being positioned on said upstand
mg portion, and means for detachably securing Said
escapement mechanism to said trame member.
'8. An automatic control system for a line casting ma
chine, said machine including iirst and second matrix stor
sponding operating unit in rigid relationship therewith,
circuit means responsive to said tape advancing and ana
lyzing device and connected t0 one of said operating units
for selectively energizing the solenoids therein, said one
operating unit corresponding to the escapement mecha
nism for said one magazine, and means automatically re
lng'means, one of said matrix storing means being dis
sponsive to the shifting of saidV other magazine to said
posed in an operable location on said machine and each
of said matrix storing means being supported by a frame 70 operable location and including a multi-contact switch
member, and said machine including means i’or shifting
the other of said matrix storing means to said operable
location, said system comprising, in combination, a de
vice for analyzing a control tape, timing means for con
' for electrically connecting said circuit means to the other
of said operating units to thereby selectively energize the
solenoids therein, energization of a selected one> of the
solenoids in each of said operating units being’adapted to
trolling the operation of said tape analyzing device, first 75 actuate the armature portion thereof andthereb-y »move
3,074,537
17
18
the corresponding rocker member to its operated position
machine, said machine having matrix storing means and
matrix >of the corresponding type, all of the matrices re
leased for a given line of type during the automatic oper
ation oi said matrix releasing means being discharged at
uniform intervals, energization of said additional current
a frame member for supporting said storing means and
responsive device conditioning said space band releasing
including space band releasing means, in combination,
means for operation, and means responsive to the deener
to release a matrix of the corresponding type.
l0. in an automatic control system for a line casting
gization of said additional current responsive device and
operable at a predetermined time interval thereafter -for
automatically actuating said space band releasing means
including a plurality of discharge members movable be 10 to release a space band, whereby the release of the
tween an unoperated and an operated position, one of
matrices and space bands from said matrix and space
band storing means is adapted to be controlled either
said discharge members being provided for each different
manually by said keyboard mechanism or automatically
type of matrix to be released, an `operating unit including
by said current responsive devices and said timing means.
a plurality of solenoids, one for each of said discharge
l2. In a control system for a lin-e casting machine,
members, each of said solenoids having an armature por
tion directly connected to the corresponding discharge
said machine having matrix storing means, space band
storing means and a manually operable keyboard mecha
member, an additional solenoid mounted on said ma
nism »for controlling the release of selected matrices and
chine for controlling the operation of said space band re
space bands from said matrix and space band storing
leasing means, means for selectively energizing said
piurality of solenoids and said additional solenoid, en 20 means, in combination, matrix releasing means operable
under the control of said keyboard mechanism for se
ergization of a selected one of said plurality of solenoids
quentially discharging individual matrices from said
being adapted to actuate the armature portion thereof
matrix storing means, said matrix releasing means in
and thereby move the corresponding discharge member
cluding a plurality of matrix discharge members in jux
to its operated position to release a matrix of the corre
sponding type, all of the matrices for a given line of type 25 taposition with said matrix storing means, one of said
members being provided for each diiferent type of matrix
being discharged at uniform intervals, energization of
to be released, an operating unit including a plurality of
said additional solenoid being adapted to condition said
space band releasing means >for operation, biasing means
solenoids, one for each of said discharge members, for
automatically operating the same independently of said
connected to each of said discharge members, each of
said biasing means being adapted to return the discharge 30 keyboard mechanism, each of said solenoids having an
armature portion directly and iiexibly connected to the
member connected thereto to its unoperated position im
mediately upon the deenergization of the corresponding
corresponding discharge member, space band releasing
means operable under the control of said keyboard mech
solenoid, means responsive to the deenergization of said
anism 'for discharginLT individual space bands from said
additional solenoid and operable at a predetermined time
space band storing means, means including an additional
interval thereafter for actuating said space band releas
soienoid for automatically controlling said space band
ing means, and means for maintaining said plurality »of
releasing means independently of said keyboard mecha
solenoids in iixed relationship with each other and with
nism, timing means for selectively energizing said sole
said matrix releasing means.
matrix releasing means detachably mounted on said
frame member for discharging individual matrices from
said matrix storing means, said matrix releasing means
noids at predetermined intervals, energization of a se
1l. In a control system for a line casting machine,
said machine having matrix storing means, space band 40 lected one of said plurality of solenoids automatically
storing means and a manually operable keyboard mecha
operating the associated discharge member to release a
matrix of the corresponding type, all of the matrices re
nisrn for controlling the release of selected matrices and
leased fer a given line of type during the automatic opera
space bands from said matrix and space band storing
tion of said matrix releasing means being discharged at
means, in combination, matrix releasing means operable
under the control of said keyboard mechanism for se
uniform intervals, energization of said additional sole
noid conditioning said space band releasing means for
quentially discharging individual matrices from said
operation, spring means for each of said matrix discharge
matrix storing means, said matrix releasing means includ
ing a plurality of matrix discharge members in juxtaposi
members, said spring means being adapted to return the
discharge member corresponding to a selected one of said
tion with said matrix storing means, one of said members
plurality of solenoids to its unoperated position immedi
being provided for each did-arent type of matrix to be
ately upon the deenergization thereof, and means re
released, an operating unit including a plurality ofv cur
sponsive to the deenergization of said additional solenoid
rent responsive devices, one for each of said discharge
and operable at a predetermined time interval thereafter
members, for automatically operating the same inde
pendently of said keyboard mechanism, each of said
for automatically actuating said space band releasing
current responsive devices having an armature portion
directly connected to the corresponding discharge mem
ber, space band releasing means operable under the con
means to release a space band, whereby the release of
the matrices and space bands from said matrix and space
trol oí said keyboard mechanism for discharging indi
manually by said keyboard mechanism or automatically
vidual space bands from said space band storing means,
an additional current responsive device for automatically
controlling said space band releasing means independently
by said solenoids and said timing means.
of said keyboard mechanism, timing means for selectively
energizing said current responsive devices at predeter
mined intervals, energization of a selected one of said
plurality of current responsive devices automatically op 6
erating the associated discharge member to release a
band storing means is adapted to be controlled either
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,918,629
2,846,055
2,869,717
Blume _______________ __. July 18, 1933
Ackell _______________ __ A-ug. 5, 1958
Rossetto et al. ________ __ Ian. 20, 1959
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
2 172 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа