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Патент USA US3074675

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Jan. 22, 1963
‘
J. B. MORROW
3,074,665
FISHING REEL WITH RECIPROCATED SPOOL
Filed July 27, 1960
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INVENTOR.
JOHN B. MORROW
BY
ATTORNEY
United States Patent G?ice
,
3,074,665
Patented Jan. 22, 1963
2
1
and core member 38 are secured together and to ele
3,074,665
FISHING REEL WITH RECIPROCATED SPGOL
John B. Morrow, La Mesa, Cali?, assignor, by mesne as
signments, to Brunswick Corporation, Chicago, 11L, a
corporation of Delaware
Filed July 27, 1966, Ser. No. 45,627
4 Claims. (Cl. 242--84.2l}
ment 34 by ?are rivets 41. Bearing sleeve 32 passes
through bore 42 of core member 38 to movably mount
line spool 33 thereupon. Line spool 33 is restrained
against rotative movement upon bearing sleeve 32 and
is limited to rectilinear movement therealong in a manner
to be described hereinafter.
Upon the forward face of spool 33 at the end ?ange
plate 37 is rotatably mounted a lock ring 43. Lock ring
The present invention relates to ?shing reels and more
particularly to an improved construction for ?shing reels 10 43 has a central opening 44 through which the bearing
sleeve 32 passes and includes a pair of oppositely lo
of the spinning reel type wherein the line spool is non
cated slots 45 through which ?are rivets 41 extend.
rotating and is mounted for reciprocal movement and
Heads 46 of rivets 41 hold lock ring 43 to spool 33 but
cooperates with a rotative line-winding cowl.
these heads are so spaced from the face of end ?ange
An object of the present invention is to provide an
37 that movement of the lock ring 43 is permitted, with
improved spinning reel embodying novel actuating means
de?ning edges of the slots 45 riding on shank portions
for effecting reciprocating movement of the line spool.
of the rivets '41 to provide the desired rotative move
Another object of this invention resides in providing
ment. A plurality of projecting prongs 47 are provided
i'?isimple, e?icient and unique actuating structure which
on lock ring 43 which may be grasped by the hand to
assists in locating the line spool in proper operative rela
effect the rotation of lock ring 43. Lock ring 43 includes
tionship to a line-winding cowl.
a second pair of slots 48 which are disposed on opposite
Another object of this invention is to provide a spin
sides of central opening 44 and approximately 90° from
the ?rst mentioned pair of opposed slots 45. The pur
pose of slots 48 will be later described.
Journalled for movement within sleeve-like bearing 32
readily apparent to those skilled in the art from the fol
is an elongated rotatable and rectilinearly movable drive
lowing speci?cation and appended drawings illustrating
shaft 51. Shaft 51 includes a splined portion 52' and
a certain preferred embodiment of. the invention in
a portion 53 both of smaller diameter than the shaft por
which:
tion 54 which rests within bearing 32. Portions 52 and
FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view, partly in section,
of a spinning reel in accordance with the present inven 30 53 extend within the gear chamber defined by the walls
of frame 18. Upon splined portion 52 of shaft 51
tion;
there is mounted a pinion 55 which rotates‘ with shaft
FIGURE 2 is an exploded view in side elevation of the
51 and is adapted to move rectilinearly along the splined
present reel with the cowl and spool shown in partial
portion 52. Disposed in encircling relationship upon
section and the spool being rotated a quarter turn from
its normal position for illustrative purposes;
0.) CH shaft portions 52 and 53 is a return spring 56 which ex
tends between pinion 55 and a retaining ring 57 carried
FIGURE 3 is a front elevational view of the line spool;
by shaft portion 53 and serves a purpose to be described.
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along
The outer end of shaft 51 is threaded to mount an an
the line 4—4 of FIGURE 1; and
nular, generally cup-shaped cowl 58. Cowl ‘58, as
FIGURE 5 is a perspective view of the spool actuator.
Particular reference will now be had to the drawings 40 shown, comprises an annular Wall or ?ange 59 and ‘a
base 61. Base 61 has a central opening which is closed
wherein the spinning reel as an assembled device is in
by a plug member 62 having a threaded bore 63 for
dicated in its entirety by the numeral 15. Spinning reel
accommodating the threaded end of shaft 51 to a?ix the
15 comprises a housing 16 having extending therefrom
cowl 58 to shaft 51 for rotative movement therewith,
a mounting bracket or reel support 17 by means of
‘Cowl 58 is disposed as shown, adjacent spool 33 and
which reel 15 may be secured, in conventional manner,
its annular ?ange 59 ?ts over end ?ange 37 and encircles
to a ?shing rod.
‘
a portion of hub 35 of spool 33.
'
g
Housing 16 includes a frame 18, a base plate 19 and
_ A line pick-up pin 64 is movably carried by cowl 58.
a surrounding annular ring portion 21, all suitably con
The outer or upper end 65 of pin 64 is adapted to pro
nected into a rigid structure. Ring portion 21 includes
a forwardly extending annular ?ange 22 a portion of 50 ject to the exterior of cowl 58 through an opening in
annular ?ange 59. The lower end 66 projects down
the outer surface of which is threaded'for the ready
removable attachment thereto of a cover 23. Cover 23 _ _ wardly‘ through an opening in a ?ange 67 of plug mem
ber 62. Pin 64 includes an enlarged central portion 68
is of generally'frusto-conical configuration and has ,a
which is adapted to rest upon plug ?ange 67.
line guide bushing 24 ?xedly ?tted into an opening lo
cated at its apex through which the ?shing line extends. 55 A spring 71 disposed on pickup pin 64 between the
inner surface of cowl flange 59 and enlarged pin portion
Fitted over and in surrounding relation to frame 18 is
68 exerts its bias to urge this pin portion 68 toward
a generally cup-shaped closure member 25 which is se
engagement with plug ?ange 67 and to urge the upper
cured to frame 18 by a screw 26.
pin end 65 for withdrawal within its opening in cowl
Disposed forwardly of frame 18 and within the space
de?ned by ring 21 is a plate member 27 which is connected 60 ?ange 59.
When cowl 58 occupies the position shown in FIG
in place to base plate 19 by rivets. Plate member 27
URE 1, the lower end 66 of pick-up pin 64 will ride upon
includes a central, forwardly projecting, generally cup~
the exterior surface of bearing sleeve 32 and enlarged pin
shaped portion 28 having an opening in the base wall
portion 68 will be spaced, against the bias of spring 71,
31 thereof into which is ?tted and appropriately secured
one end of a sleeve-like bearing 32. Movably ?tted upon 65 away from plug ?ange 67. At this time, the upper end 65
of pin 64 will project through its opening to the exterior
hearing 32 is a line spool 33. Line spool 33 comprises
of cowl 58 into its line pick-up position.
an element 34 which includes a generally cup-shaped
Cowl 58 is adapted to be bodily displaced longitudi
portion 35 and an annular end ?ange 36. The cup
nally relative to spool 33 and bearing sleeve 32 upon
shaped portion serves as a hub upon which the ?shing
line is wound. Opposed to end ?ange 36 is an annular 70 longitudinal displacement of the shaft 51 to carry the
end ?ange plate 37 and disposed within hub portion 35
lower end 66 of pin 64 beyond the outer end face of hear
ing sleeve 32 whereby the bias of spring 71 will move
is a cylindrical core member 38. End ?ange plate 37
ning reel which is sparing in the number of its parts,
e?icient in operation and inexpensive to manufacture.
Other objects and features of this invention will be
8,074,865
3
pin 64 downwardly to bring enlarged pin portion 68 into
4
Actuator 92 is formed of a single length of spring wire
bent into a generally U-shape to provide a pair of opposed,
engagement with plug ?ange 67 and to withdraw the
upper end 65 of pin 64 completely within its opening in '
cowl ?ange 69.
parallel, elongated leg portions 93 and 94 interconnected
This displacement of cowl 58 and drive shaft 51 is ef
95 includes a lateral portion 96 which extends outward
f?cted. by an actuating lever 73 which is pivotally secured
to housing frame 18 by pivot pin 74. Actuating lever 73
extends from within frame 18 through aligned openings
in they frame 18 and closure member 25. Actuating lever
at their inner ends by a base portion 95.
Base portion
from leg 93 and merges into a depending straight wire
portion 97 which lies normal to leg 93. Base portion
95 also includes a second lateral portion 98 which ex
tends outward from leg 94 and merges into an upwardly
73 embodies a thumb portion 75 which is located in posi 10 projecting straight wire portion 99 which is normal to
leg 94. Straight wire portions 97 and 99, as shown, ex
tion for ready manipulation by the thumb of the ?sher
tend from their associated leg portions 93 and 94 in op
man.
posite directions and lie in the same plane parallel one
At the underside of actuating lever 73 there is provided
to the other and spaced apart. Straight wire portions
an integral projecting portion 76 which engages the end
9? and 99 merge into and are interconnected by a loop
of shaft portion 53. Upon the application of thumb pres
portion 101. Leg portions 93 and 94 adjacent their re
sure to actuating lever'73 shaft 51 will be longitudinally
spective exterior ends 102 and 163 are notched as at
shifted to the leftz as viewed in FIGURE 1, against the
184.
bias of spring 56,. Splined portion 52 of shaft 51 shifts
Actuator 92 has its base portion 95 disposed Within
for a portion of its length relative to pinion 55 which
abuts the inner end of bearing sleeve 32 and does not 20 the gear chamber of frame 18 where eccentric pin 91
projects from disc 88 into the space between straight wire
change. location and spring 56 is thus compressed between
portions 97 and 99 and provides a force alternatively
pinion 55 and ring 57. The movement afforded to shaft
to these portions upon rotative movement of disc 88 to
51 by actuating lever 73 is sufficient to carry the lower
effect rectilinear movement of actuator 92.
end of pick-up pin 64 beyond the outer face of bearing
sleeve 32 to permit pick-up pin 64 to drop as above de 25
scribed.
Legs 93 and 94 of actuator 92, as shown, are disposed
on either side of bearing sleeve 32 and lie parallel to
drive shaft 54 centrally disposed therebetween. The por
Bearing sleeve 32 at its outer end is provided with a
camming ledge 77 which is adapted to be engaged by the
tion of shaft 54 disposed in the gear chamber of frame
18 extends longitudinally and freely through loop por
lower end 66 of pick-up pin 64 for moving it from in
operative to operative position. When pressure is re 30 tion 181 and it is apparent that actuator 92 and shaft
54 offer no interference to one another’s movements.
moved from actuating lever- 73. shaft 51 moves, to the
Legs 93 and 94 extend forwardly from gear chamber
right under the bias of spring 56; to carry cowl 58 and
of frame 18 and each projects through and is slidably
its pick-up Pin 64 to the bearing sleeve 32. Thereafter
supported within a series of aligned openings in base
rotation of cowl 58 will bring pin end 66 into engagement
with camming ledge 77 . End 66 is adapted to ride upon
plate 19, base portion 31 of plate, 27, spool core 38,
the base of spool hub 35 and end ?ange 37 to extend their
this ledge until it moves back atop sleeve 32 at which
outer ends 102 and 103 beyond the forward face of end
time pick-up pin 64.- will again be projected to the ex
?ange 37. Outer ends 182 and 183 respectively of legs
terior of cowl 58.
93 and 94 project through the slots 48 of lock ring 43.
As stated hereinabove, drive shaft 51 extends within
the gear chamber formed by frame 18 and carries a pin 40 Connection of legs 93 and 94 to lock ring 43 is effected by
manual rotation of lock ring 43 to dispose or fit edge
ion 55. Pinion 55 meshes with a generally cup-shaped
surfaces 185 of slots 48 within notches 104‘. With edge
gear 81 to be driven thereby to effect rotation of drive
surfaces 105 located within notches 104 it is apparent
shaft 51 and cowl 58 carried thereby. Gear 81 is suitably
that legs 93 and 94. cannot be moved independently of
secured to. the inner end‘ of a crank shaft 82 which is
suitably journalled for movement in a bearing (not shown) 45 spool 33 and actuator 92 and spool 33. are thus inter
connected for common movement.
carried by frame 18. A conventional handle 83 is suit
It is also apparent that the movement of actuator 92
ably connected to crank shaft 82 and is manually actu
and spool 33 is a reciprocating movement since the legs
able to effect rotative movement of crank shaft 82 and
93 and 94, passing through their associated aligned open—
its gear 81.
ings, are con?ned to a sliding movement. Thus, actuator
Crank shaft 82 suitably mounts a ratchet wheel 84 for
92 effects to-and-fro movement of spool 33v and restrains
common movement therewith and is disposed inwardly of
it against rotative movement upon its support, the bearing
gear 81 and embodies teeth 85 which are adapted to
sleeve 32.
cooperate with a pivotal anti-reverse pawl 86 to limit the
With lock ring 43 connected to legs 93 and 94' of ac
free rotative movement of handle 83 and its associated
tuator 92 structural rigidity is afforded wire form ac
shaft 82 and gear 81 to one direction.‘ Pawl 86 is piv
otally mounted upon pin 74, which also mounts actuat
ing lever 73, and is biased by a spring 87, carried by
frame 18, toward engagement with ratchet wheel 84.
Ratchet wheel 84 may freely rotate with crank shaft 82
in one direction only to permit line-winding manipula 60
tion of handle 83 because the teeth 85 thereof are so
designed as to present sloping rear edges which cam
against and move pawl 86 out of the path of movement.
When movement of the handle 83 is attempted in the
opposite direction the forward edge-s of‘ teeth 85 will
engage the outer end of pawl 86 and thereby prevent fur
tuator 92- and it e?ectively performs its required func
tion of transmitting the actuating force provided by eccen
tric pin 91.
To disconnect actuator 92 from spool 33 it is neces
sary only‘ to manually rotate lock-ring 43 in clock-wise
direction, as viewed in FIGURE 3, to move edge surfaces
105 out of notches 104 and present an open area of slots
48 about the ends of legs 93 and 94.
The use of a lock ring 43 to effect connection between
spool 33 and actuator 92 permits the ready attachment
and removal of spool 33 from the reel. There are in
stances when a ?sherman may desire to use lines of
different Weights in his ?shing efforts and with the present
Af?xed to the end of crank shaft 82 for common move
construction it is a simple matter for him to remove the
ment therewith is a disc 88 which lies within the recess
of cup-shaped gear 81 and which ?xedly carries an ec 70 spool that may be present in the reel and replace it_ with
a spool carrying a line of the weight he desires.
centrically located, forwardly projecting pin 91. Eccen
ther rotative movement of the handle 83.
‘In describing the operation of the present reel it will
tric pin 91 extends into engagement with an actuator 92
be assumed that the reel is in its rewinding position as
for effecting movement thereof. Actuator 92 connects
shown in FIGURE 1 and the ?sherman desires, to make
with and serves to effect rectilinear movement of spool
75 a cast. In making his casting motion the ?sherman
33.
3,074,665
6
5
presses his thumb upon actuating lever 73 which effects
longitudinal movement of drive shaft 51 to displace cowl
58. Pick-up pin 64 will move off of bearing sleeve 32
and drop into its retracted position. The ?shing line will
feed from spool 33 under the pull of the lure at the 91
end of the ?shing line. Pick-up pin 64, being retracted,
offers no interference to the free feed of the line from
spool 33. Conical cover 23 serves to prevent the line
prising spaced-apart runs of wire interconnected by a
loop of wire, said leg portions extending parallel to
and on opposite sides of said drive shaft and being con
nected to said spool, said drive shaft extending freely
through said loop portion, a rotatable crank carried
by said frame, a drive gear connected to and oper
ated by said crank, and a projecting pin eccentrically lo
cated on said disc and engaging with said spaced-apart
runs of wire of said actuator for effecting reciprocating
from spiraling as it feeds from the spool and keeps it
free of the rod.
10 movement thereof and of said spool simultaneously with
the rotation of said line-winding member.
When the ?sherman desires to rewind the line he re
3. In a ?shing reel, a frame, a stationary bearing sleeve,
moves his thumb from lever 73 and begins rotation of
means interconnecting said bearing sleeve and said frame,
handle 83. Rotation of handle 83 will rotate crank shaft
a non-rotative line-carrying spool slidably positioned on
82 to rotate gear 81 and disc 88. Gear 81 will drive
said bearing sleeve, 2. rota-table drive shaft projecting
pinion 55 to e?ect rotation of drive shaft 51 and cowl
through said bearing sleeve, a line-winding member car
58. Pick-up pin 64 will ride back up onto bearing sleeve
ried by said drive shaft in concentric relation to said spool,
32 to project its upper end to the exterior of cowl 58.
a pinion carried by said drive shaft, a rectilinearly mov
Pick-up pin 64, in its extended position, will on continued
able actuator, said actuator comprising a generally U
rotation of handle 83 engage the ?shing line and rewind
shape wire element having opposed, elongated leg por
it onto spool 33 which is concentrically positioned rela
tions and a base portion, said base portion comprising
tive to cowl 58.
spaced-apart runs of wire, locking means movably carried
Since disc 88 and gear 81 are carried by crank shaft
by said spool for readily, releasably connecting said leg
82 for common movement therewith there will be simul
portions to said spool for common movement of said
taneous actuation of actuator 92 and drive shaft 51. As
described gear 81 rotates drive shaft 51 to rotate cowl 25 actuator and said spool, a rotatable crank carried by said
58. At the same time eccentric pin 91 carried by disc 88
frame, a drive gear mounted to and operated by said crank
and meshing with said pinion to rotate said line-winding
moves in the space between straight wire portions 97 and
99 of actuator 92 to press alternately against these por
member, a disc connected to and operated by said crank,
and a projecting pin eccentrically mounted on said disc
tions to effect to-and-fro or reciprocating longitudinal
movement of actuator 92. This movement is transmitted 30 and engaging- with said spaced-apart runs of wire of said
actuator for effecting reciprocating movement thereof and
by actuator 92 to spool 33 so that as cowl 58 feeds the
of said spool simultaneously with the rotation of said
?shing line onto spool 33, spool 33 simultaneously re
ciprocates to cause the ?shing line to be wound neatly
line-winding member.
4. In a ?shing reel, a housing, a stationary bearing
and efficiently upon the spool 33 over the span of its hub.
While a certain preferred embodiment of the inven 35 sleeve mounted therein, a non-rotative line-carrying spool
tion has been speci?cally disclosed, it is understood that
the invention is not limited thereto as many variations
slidably positioned on said bearing sleeve, a rotatable drive
shaft projecting through said bearing sleeve, a line-wind
ing member carried by said drive shaft in concentric rela
will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art and
the invention is to be given its broadest possible inter
tion to said spool, a pinion carried by said drive shaft, a
40 rectilinearly movable actuator, said actuator comprising
pretation within the terms of the following claims.
a generally U-shape wire element having opposed, elon~
What I claim is.
gated leg portions and a base portion, said base portion
1. In a ?shing reel, a frame, a stationary bearing sleeve,
means interconnecting said bearing sleeve and said frame,
comprising spaced-apart runs of Wire, means releasably
a non-rotative line-carrying spool slidably positioned on
connecting said leg portions to said spool, a rotatable
said bearing sleeve, a rotatable drive shaft projecting 45 crank carried by said frame, a drive gear operated by
through said bearing sleeve, a line-winding member car
said crank and meshing with said pinion to rotate said
ried by said drive shaft in concentric relation to said
line-winding member, and an eccentric pin member oper
spool, a pinion carried by said drive shaft, a rectilinearly
ated by said crank and engaging with said spaced-apart
movable actuator, said actuator comprising a generally
runs of Wire of said actuator for effecting reciprocating
U-shape wire" element having opposed, elongated leg por 60 movement thereof and of said spool simultaneously with
tions and a base portion, said leg portions being con
the ‘rotation of said line-winding member.
nected to said spool, said base portion comprising spaced
apart runs of wire, a rotatable crank carried by said
frame, a drive gear operated by said crank and meshing
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
with said pinion to rotate said line-winding member, and 55 2,537,590
an eccentric pin member operated by said crank and en
2,705,113
gaging with said spaced-apart runs of wire of said actua
2,711,292
tor for effecting reciprocating movement thereof and of
2,724,563
said spool simultaneously with the rotation of said line
2,745,607
60
winding member.
2,854,200
2. In a ?shing reel, a frame, a stationary bearing sleeve,
means interconnecting said bearing sleeve and said frame,
a non-rotative line-carrying spool slidably positioned on
said bearing sleeve, a rotative drive shaft projecting
through said bearing sleeve, a line-winding member car 65
ried by said drive shaft in concentric relation to said
spool, a pinion carried by said drive shaft, a rectilinearly
movable actuator, said actuator comprising a generally
U-shape wire element having opposed, elongated leg
portions and a base portion, said base portion com 70
Kaufman ____________ __ Jan. 9, 1951
Bonanno ____________ .._. Mar. 29, 1955
Taggart et al. ________ __ June
Shakespeare et al. ____ .._ Nov.
Taggart et al _________ _._ May
Montgomery _________ __ Sept.
21,
22,
15,
30,
1955
1955
1956
1958
2,862,679
3,000,586
Denison et a1 ___________ __ Dec. 2, 1953
Mandolf ____________ .._ Sept. 19, 1961
473,239
Great Britain _________ __ Oct. 8, 1937
FOREIGN PATENTS
OTHER REFERENCES
Nurmse, German printed publication 1,074,317, printed
Jan. 28, 1960 (KL. 45h 89/02), 2 pp. spec, 1 sheet of
drawing.
.
_
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