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Патент USA US3074729

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Jan. 22, 1963
‘ 3,074,719
Filed March 25,
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Jan. 22, 1963
Filed March 23, 1959
'2 Sheets-Sheet 2
5% '1
63 )9
Federated Jan. 22, 1953
FIGURE 11 is a perspective view of a device consti
Robert G. Melisa, St} W. Chicago Ave, Chicago, lili.
Filed Mar. 23, 1959, Ser. No. 801,155
6 Qinhns. (Cl. 2755-53)
tuting a third embodiment of the present invention;
FIGURE 12 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of
the tee holding and driving device illustrated in FIGURE
11, the structure being shown with a tee supported there
in; and
FIGURE 13, is an enlarged bottom plan view taken
along line 13-13 of FIGURE 12.
In the embodiment of my invention illustrated in
as they are forced into the ground.
As is well-known among golfers, an important factor 1O FIGURES 1-6, the numeral 10 generally designates a
This invention relates to tee driving means, and more
speci?cally, to a device for gripping and guiding golf tees
in obtaining consistently good drives lies in “teeing” the
tee driving device comprising a tee holder 11 and means
ball at a uniform height for each drive.
12 associated with the holder for restraining relative up
ward movement of a tee supported thereby. The holder
However, the
precise tee height for driving golf balls most effectively
may vary considerably from golfer to golfer, depending
upon their stature, swing characteristics, etc. Further
more, for each golfer the height at which a ball is sup
ported by a tee should vary somewhat depending upon
the loft of the particular club which is selected, although
is generally cylindrical in shape and, as shown most
clearly in FIGURES 1 and 2, consists essentially of a
cylindrical top member 13 and a pair of generally semi
cylindrical jaws id and 15. The jaws are concentrically
disposed with reference to the top member and have a
combined diameter substantially the same as that member.
the tee height for the use of the same club under sub
stantially the same conditions should be uniform.
20 While the several parts of the holder may be formed
from metal or any other suitable material or materials,
Under present practice, the depth at which a tee is
I prefer to form the jaws and the top member from a
driven into the ground may depend upon factors which
hard and tough plastic material such as methyl meth
are entirely unrelated to the characteristics of a golfers
acrylate. Other plastics such as polystyrene or cellulose
swing or to the particular club which he selects. For in
stance, if the ground is hard and dry, the difficulty in
acetate may also he used.
driving a tee into the ground may cause a golfer to tee
I aw 14 has its semi-circular top surface cemented or
the ball higher than normally, while the opposite may be
true if the ground is damp or soft. Obviously, such vari
otherwise permanently secured to the under surface of
top member 13. it will be understood, of course, that
these parts may be integrally formed out of a single piece
ations in the height at which a ball is teed may produce
unwanted variations in the flight path of the ball even 30 of material if such a construction is desired.
though the golfer’s swing is consistent and his selection
of clubs is the same.
Accordingly, it is a main object of the present invention
to provide a device to be used by a golfer for driving a
tee vertically into the ground so that a ‘call may he sup"
The complementary jaw 15 is pivotally carried upon
a vertical pin or shaft 316 embedded in the top member 13.
As shown most clearly in FIGURE 3, the disc shaped top
member 13 is provided with a vertical opening 17 which
snugly receives the upper end portion of the shaft. While
ported at a predetermined height and will not roll off of
the tee. Another object is to provide a device which may
be adjusted for setting a tee at various preselected depths
various means might be provided for permanently anchor~
ing these parts together, I have found that if the upper end
so that a hall may be supported at any of a plurality of
that recess may be ?lled with a suitable adhesive which
desired heights. A further object is to provide a conven
ient device which may be easily manipulated by a golfer
for driving a tee a preselected distance into the ground, the
device greatly facili ng the setting of tees at selected
will fuse the parts together when they are assembled. The
adhesive material is designated by the numeral 19 and, in
the case of a holder formed from methyl methacrylate,
may consist of a mixture of ethyl dichloride and methyl
heights (or depths) iegardles-s of ground condition such
methacrylate chips.
as soil texture, moisture content, etc.
A still further ob
ject is to provide a tee gripping and driving device adapted
to level the ground surface in the immediate vicinity of
the tee as it is be'ng set. Other objects will appear from
the specification and drawings in which:
of the shaft is provided with a circumferential recess 13,
I aw 15 is provided with a vertical bore 2%} adjacent a
vertical edge portion thereof and this bore rotatably re
ceives the lower portion of shaft 16 projecting down
wardly beneath top member 13. Referring again to FIG
URE 3, it will be seen that the lower portion of the shaft
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a tee holding and 50 is provided with a circumferential groove 21.
A hori
zontal hinge pin 22 is cemented within an opening 23 in
FEGURE 2 is a perspective view of the device in open
the jaw and projects into the circumferential groove of
the shaft to lock the jaw against axial displacement on
FEGURE 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view taken
that shaft.
Each of the jaws has a semi-cylindrical recess 24 along
along line 3-3 of FEGURF. l;
FlGURE 4 is an enlarged horizontal cross sectional
its inner surface so that when the jaws are arranged in
view taken along line
of FIGURE 3;
complementary fashion the two recesses de?ne an axially
FIGURE 5 is an enlarged bottom plan view taken
extending cylindrical cavity or chamber within the holder.
At the bottom of each jaw is a shoulder 25 which par
along line 5-5 of FEGURE 3;
driving device embodying the present invention;
FlGURE 6 is a h rizontal sectional View taken along 60 tially closes the lower end of each recess 2d and which
bear against opposite sides of a tee as supported by the
line 6-6 of FEGURE 3;
device when the jaws are closed, as indicated in FIG
FEGURE 7 is a perspective view of a tee holding and
URES 3 and 5. Ill: will be noted that even when the jaws
driving device constituting a second embodiment of the
are fully closed shoulders 25' of the respective jaws will
present invention, the device being shown in open con
be spaced apart and de?ne a horizontally elongated open
ing 27. This horizontal elongation allows the shoulders
FIGURE 8 is a perspective view of the structure illus
to clamp a tee ?rmly regardless of the diameter of the
trated in FIGURE 7, but shown in closed condition;
tee portion disposed between the shoulders. in other
FZGURE 9 is an enlarged vertical sectional view taken
words, the elongation of openings 27 compensates for the
along line 9-9 of FEGURF. 7 ;
fact that the pivot point of jaw 15 is off center with
FlGURE 10 is an enlarged horizontal sectional view
reference to the opposing faces of the jaws, and thereby
taken along line til-19 of FIGURE 9;
permits the secure gripping of a tee at various points
along its tapered surface while at the same time maintain
ing the tee in a vertical position.
The means 12 for preventing upward axial movement
of a tee gripped by the holder comprises a threaded
shaft 28 extending axially through a centrally disposed
threaded opening 29 provided in top member 13. The
shaft is equipped at its lower end with a bearing disc 3%
located within the chamber of the holder, and at its
upper end with an adjustment knob 31. A locking nut 32 10
Like the structure already described, the embodiment
illustrated in FIGURES 7 through 10 includes a holder
49 having a top member 4-1, a stationary jaw 42 and a
swingable jaw 43 which is pivotally carried by a vertical
pin or shaft 44. The shaft is cemented or otherwise se
cured to the top member 41 and is received within a ver
tical bore 45 provided by jaw 43. The locking pin 46 is
cemented to the swingable jaw and projects into bore 45
and into an annular groove ‘47 of shaft 44, thereby pre
venting axial movement of the hinged jaw upon its mount
is threadedly carried by shaft 28 within the holder cham
ber and is adapted to be screwed tightly against the under
ing shaft.
A principal distinguishing feature of the second embodi
surface of the top member 13‘ to lock shaft 23 in any se
ment lies in the fact that the means for preventing upward
lected position.
axial movement of a tee 48 as it is being driven into
The knob 31 and bearing disc 3%} may be formed from
any suitable material and may be secured to shaft 28 in
various ways. However, I prefer to form both the knob
and bearing disc from a plastic material such as methyl
methacrylate and, if such a material is used, I have found
after ?ling these notches with a cement which will harden
the ground comprises a vertical series of spaced arcuate
shoulders 49 within the semi-cylindrical recesses 50 of
each jaw. The shoulders or ridges of each jaw are com
plementary so that when jaw 43 is closed each pair of
shoulders will de?ne a composite annular shoulder. As
shown in FIGURE 9, the under surfaces of the shoulders
are flat and horizontal, while the upper surfaces of those
shoulders are inclined downwardly and inwardly. Refer
and fuse with the plastic parts to prevent independent rota
ence lines 51 and associated numerical indicia are pro
that the parts may be rigidly ?xed together by ?rst grind
ing notches in the ends of the threaded shaft and there
tion of those parts upon the shaft. In FIGURES 3 and 6,
vided by the ?at inner surface of stationary jaw 42 and
the cement masses are designated by numerals 33 and 34. 25 indicate the distance between the lower surface of each
Preferably, the periphery of knob 31 is knurled or
shoulder and the under surface of the holder. Thus, by
grooved to facilitate rotation and adjustment of the
inserting the head of tee 48 into any of the compartments
plunger means. In addition, the ?at inner surface of the
or spaces de?ned by the shoulders of the vertical series,
stationary jaw 14 is provided with reference lines 35 and
the distance which the tee projects into the chamber of
associated numerical indicia so that a user may readily 30 the holder, and hence the distance which the tee will
determine the distance between the lower face of bearing
project from the ground after it has been driven, may be
disc 31} and the bottom surface of the holder, and hence
selectively controlled, the composite shoulder in engage
the distance which a tee will project above the ground
ment with the head of the tee serving as a bearing member
after it has been driven.
to limit upward movement of the tee relative to the holder.
In the use of the device of the present invention, a 35
A tee clamped between the closed jaws of the holder
golfer ?rst selects the height at which he wishes to tee
40 may be driven into the ground in the same manner as
his golf ball and he then rotates a knob 31 until the
described with reference to the structure illustrated in
lower surface of the bearing member 30 is in alignment
FIGURES 1 through 6. Again, it will be noted that the
with a reference numeral indicating that height. For eX
structure, as it is lifted from a driven tee, tends to open
ample, if the desired height is one-half of an inch, then
and automatically release that tee. Speci?cally, as the
the knob is rotated until the parts are positioned as shown
holder is lifted and as the pressure against the hinged
in FIGURES 2 and 3. Locking nut is then turned until
jaw is simultaneously reduced, the tapered surfaces of the
it bears tightly against the under surface of top member
tee bear against shoulders 49 and tend to cam the jaws
13 and thereby holds the threaded shaft in its selected
position. The head of a tee is placed within the chamber 45
The third embodiment of the present invention illus
against the under surface of member 30 and the pivotally
trated in FIGURES 11 through 13 comprises a cylindri
mounted jaw is swung from the open position illustrated
cal top member 69 equipped with a laterally projecting
in FIGURE 2 into the closed position of FIGURES 1 and
base 6'1, a pair of jaws 62 and 63, and means 64 for hear
5. When the hinged jaw is fully closed, the shank of
ing against the upper end of a tee as it is being driven
the tee will be clamped between the shoulders 25 of the
vertically into the ground to a predetermined depth.
opposing jaws and a golfer gripping the holder in one
Referring to FIGURE 12, it will be seen that the cylin
hand may easily drive the exposed portion of the tee
drical top member as has a downwardly opening cylindri~
into the ground. It will be noted that the relatively large
cal cavity or chamber <65 therein. The tee restraining
size of the holder greatly facilitates the driving of a tee
means 64 comprises a threaded shaft 66 which extends
into the ground because of the substantial surface area to 55 downwardly into the chamber through a smooth axial
which a downward force may be applied. At the same
opening 6'7 and which is equipped at its lower end with a
time, the gripping force applied by the golfer holds the
bearing member 68. At the upper end of the shaft is a
pivotal jaw in closed position and prevents lateral tipping
knurled adjustment knob 69 for rotating the shaft and
movement of the tee as it is driven vertically into the
bearing member into a selected position indicated by
60 reference lines ‘7t? and associated numerals on the outer
When the device with the tee supported thereby has
surface of the transparent cylindrical member as. A pair
been forced downwardly until the under surface of the
of locking nuts 71 and ‘71a is threadedly carried by the
holder engages the ground surface, the golfer slightly re
shaft above the top member as and may be rotated down
leases his grip and lifts the holder upwardly. The tapered
surface of the tee automatically cams the hinged jaw out 65 wardly to provide a stop for limiting downward axial
movement of the bearing means.
wardly, thereby releasing the tee from the holder.
Jaws 62 and as are semi-circular in shape and are both
'It is believed apparent from the foregoing that the
mounted upon the lateral ?ange portion of mem
structure of the present invention is adapted for use with
ber on by rivets ‘72. As shown in FIGURE 13, the op
tees of different length. The height of a tee after it has
been “set” is controlled by the axial distance between the 70 posing faces of the jaws are notched at ‘73 and may be
beveled (FIGURE 12) to engage and ?rmly grip the
bottom of the plunger and the lower surface of the holder
shank of a tee 74-. The ?ange 61 is provided with a de
and, since this distance is not dependent upon the length
pending pin ‘75 lying along a diametric line equally spaced
of a tee gripped by the device, the precise setting of tees
from the pivot points of the two jaws to assist in vertically
at selected heights is readily accomplished without re
gard to tee length.
75 orienting a tee within the holder and to limit the extent of
said chamber for opening and closing the same and for
clamping the head portion of a tee therein, a top wall
being provided by at least one of said jaws and closing
inward movement of either jaw while the device is being
carried about by a user.
To insure proper orientation of a tee within the cham
ber 65 and to provide additional means for restraining
lateral displacement of the tee as it is being driven into the
off the upper end of said chamber, and bearing means
provided by said holder within said chamber for engaging
the head of a tee and for limiting upward movement of
a tee within said chamber when said jaws are closed, said
bearing means comprising a series of vertically-spaced
ground, I provide bearing member 65’; with a depending
axially disposed projection 76 which extends into an axial
recess '77 of the special tee 74 illustrated in FIGURE 12.
horizontal shoulders provided by said jaws within said
However, it is to be noted that the jaws, when gripped by
a user, hold a tee ?rmly enough to prevent lateral tipping 10 chamber, said shoulders constituting a plurality of stops
engageable with the head of a conventional golf tee for
as it is urged into the ground and that, if desired, the
restraining upward movement of said tee in any of a
plunger structure of this embodiment may be provided
plurality of selected vertical portions.
with the same bearing member illustrated and described
3. A tee gripping and driving device, comprising a
in connection with the embodiment of FIGURES 1
through 6.
15 holder having a top member and a pair of jaws mounted
in side-by-side relation upon the under-surface thereof,
In the operation of the embodiment illustrated in
at least one of said jaws being hingedly mounted upon said
FIGURES 11-13, a golfer ?rst adjusts the stop nuts 71
and 71a so that when the lowermost nut engages the
top member for swinging movement into and out of sur
upper surface of top member 60, the bearing member 68
will be disposed at a preselected position indicated by the
reference lines and numerals 70. The upper portion of a
tee is then placed within chamber 65 and the tee is urged
upwardly until the upper surface of the bearing member
face engagement with the other of said jaws, said jaws
each having complementary semi-cylindrical and axially
extending recesses de?ning an elongated vertical cylin
drical chamber when said jaws are together for receiving
therein the upper portion of a golf tee disposed in any
selected position of a plurality of vertically oriented
engages the upper inside wall of the chamber. Jaws 62
and 63 are closed upon the narrow lower end of the tee,
positions along the length of said chamber, said hinged
jaw being swingable about a hinge line parallel with the
thereby accurately centering it vertically Within the holder
and the exposed tip of the tee is urged into the ground.
longitudinal axis of said chamber, and at least one bear
ing member provided by said holder Within said cham~
After the ?at undersurfaces of the jaws engage the ground
surface, the golfer ?nally presses knob 69‘ to drive the tee
downwardly to the extent permitted by the locking adjust
ment nuts.
ber and engageable with the upper portion of a tee posi
tioned therein for limiting upward relative movement of
a tee beyond any selected position of said plurality of
positions with respect to said chamber.
4. The structure of claim 3 in which a plurality of
bearing members are provided within said chamber for
Like the jaw construction of the ?rst two
forms of the present invention, the jaws of the third
embodiment are automatically cammed open by the driven
tee when the device is lifted.
limiting upward tee movement beyond selected positions
with respect to said holder, said bearing members com
prising a series of longitudinally-spaced circumferentially
extending shoulders of substantially uniform diameter
provided by said holder within said chamber, said shoul
While in the foregoing I have disclosed several embodi
ments of the present invention for purposes of illustra
tion, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that
many of the details of construction disclosed herein may
be varied considerably without departing from the spirit
and scope of the invention.
I claim:
40 ders each being engageable with the head of a conven
tional tee received within said chamber for restraining
upward movement of said tee in any of said plurality of
1. A tee gripping and driving device, comprising a
positions with respect to said chamber.
holder having a cylindrical chamber therein for receiving
5. The structure of claim 3 in which a threaded shaft
the upper portion of a golf tee, said holder having a pair
of hingedly connected jaws separable along a diametrically 45 is axially disposed with reference to said chamber and
projects into said chamber through a threaded opening
and axially-extending plane with reference to said cham
provided in said top member, said bearing member being
ber, said hingedly connected jaws being movable about a
provided at the lower end of said shaft within said cham
hinge line parallel with the longitudinal axis of said cham
her and being adapted to bear against the head of a tee
ber between open positions for insertion of the upper
portion of a tee within said chamber and closed positions 50 disposed within the chamber, said shaft also being pro
vided with a knob externally of said holder, said shaft
for clamping said upper tee portion therein, said holder
being rotatable to adjust the axial position of said bearing
being provided with a top wall closing oif the upper end of
member within said chamber for selectively controlling
said chamber, and means provided by said holder for
the extent to which the upper portion of a tee is receiv
limiting upward movement of a tee beyond a selected posi~
tion within said chamber, said means comprising a series 55 able therein.
‘6. The structure of claim 5 in which locking means are
of longitudinally-spaced, circumferential shoulders pro
provided for locking said threaded shaft against rotation
vided by said holder within said cylindrical chamber,
with reference to said top member.
said shoulders constituting a plurality of stops for restrain
ing upward movement of a conventional tee in any of a
plurality of selected axial positions.
2. A gripping and driving device for conventional golf
tees comprising a holder provided with a vertically elon
gated chamber for receiving the head portion of a con
ventional golf tee, said holder being divided along a
vertical plane extending along the vertical axis of said 65
chamber and providing a pair of tee-clamping jaws swing
able laterally about a hinge line parallel with said axis of
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
Prangemeier __________ __ July 31,
Czichos _______________ __ July 5,
Malvaney ____________ __ June 14,
Mason ______________ -_ Aug. 12,
Biblis ________________ __ Sept. 6,
Powell et a1, __________ .._ Aug. 12,
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