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Патент USA US3074724

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Jan. 22; 1963
J. E.‘ CARTER
'
3,074,714
COSTUMES
Filed Sept. 21, 1960
I'NVENTOR. -
BY
‘
A‘
United States Patent 0
3,074,714
M
1C6
Patented Jan. 22, 1963
2
1
tion eye. It will be obvious that the model can hold both
arms outstretched and horizontal, with the ends of the
3,074,714
COSTUMES
pull strings in her hands, and make the eyes roll from
June E. Carter, P.O. Box 5785, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Filed Sept. 21, 1960, Ser. No. 59,553
13 Claims. (Cl. 272-25)
side to side. To move the eye 10 in when the eye 12 is
pulled out I provide a cross connection at 50 connecting
the inner points of the imitation eyes so that when either
eye is pulled away from the center the other eye will
swing with it and an apparent rolling of the eyes will take
My invention relates to theatrical costumes and includes
among its objects and advantages an improvement in
costumes for creating illusions, in which a giant face is
‘simulated, usually in semi-darkness.
In the .accompanying drawings:
place.
10
The cross cord 50 forms a convenient support for the
imitation nose 40 and this makes it possible to move
both eyes toward the center. This is best done by pull
ing down on the nose 40, hearing in mind that the model
of such a costume in use;
operates in semi-darkness with the imitation eyes, mouth,
FIGURE 2 is a similar view on a smaller scale with
and collar strongly illuminated and everything else in
15
the parts in a different position;
fairly deep shadow. An extremely cross-eyed and ludi
FIGURE 3 is a full front view on the same scale as
rous appearance can be produced by pulling both eyes
FIGURE 2, with the parts in still another position;
toward the center, either by pulling downward on the
FIGURE 4 is a detail section as on line 4-—4 of FIG
nose 49 or by crossing the draw strings 48 across each
URE 2; and
20 other so that each string will pull its cup toward the
FIGURE 1 is a front view, inclined slightly to one side,
FIGURE 5 is :a detail section as on line 5—5 of FIG
URE 3.
-
- In the embodiment selected to illustrate the invention,
the costume includes two cups 10 and 12, each carefully
center.
The illusion of a monstrous masculine face may be fur
ther enhanced by having the skirt 16, at least in front,
just under the neck-tie 32, pleated at 52 in substantial
?tted to one of the breasts of the wearer. These may be
of a man’s pleated shirt.
held in place in conventional ways such as by a?ixing 25 imitation
One of the most conspicuous items of display, when
them to, or sewing them into a complete leotard, or ‘skin
brought into play, is the retractable tongue 54. This is
tight garment, 14. vThe garment 14 of FIGURE 1 is of
a strip of fabric having a tapered outer end and carrying
open mesh ?esh colored scrim leotard. I also provide a
strongly ?uorescent material. It is normally housed, as
pleated skirt 16, of su?icient length to eliminate any ex
best indicated in FIGURE 4, within a receiving tube 56
30
posure that might be considered immodest.
formed between two plies of fabric constituting the up
Substantially at the umbilicus, indicated at 18 in FIG
ward extension 34. This material lies under the leotard
URE 4, I position an imitation mouth 20 having crimson
14. The tongue is normally held entirely within the
lips and a horizontal slit at 22. On each of the cups
pocket, as by a strip of elastic indicated at 58 in FIGURE
10 and 12 I place indicia representing imitation eyes 24
4, but its outer end carries a loop 60 of the same in
and 26 and these eyes and mouth 20 are made in approxi 35 conspicuous draw string material as the strings 48. In
mately natural proportions to correspond to a normal
FIGURE 2 the model has grasped the loop 60 with her
‘face that will be from 21/2 to 31/2 times the dimensions
right hand and drawn it out at an angle so that the giant
of the actual face of the model wearing the costume.
face is sticking his tongue out somewhat to the left. In
‘Around the hips I position a belt-like girdle 28 which
FIGURE 3 the model uses both hands so that the hands
is colored to constitute an imitation collar, with actual 40 can be kept out of the area of visibility, and the tongue
turned out lapels at 30 and a substantially genuine bow
has been drawn down for a similar gesture of disrespect
tie at 32.
At least the eyes, mouth and collar and bow tie are ap
or what have you.
The elastic 58 is of woven fabric with rubber inserts,
pliqued with ?uorescent material adapted to emit strong
and has a de?nite limit of elongation, so that under cer
illumination of predetermined wave lengths when sub 45 tain circumstances the model can exert more tension on
jected to incident radiation at or near the ends of the
the costume at this point than the resilience of the rubber
visible spectrum. This makes it possible for the model
in
the ‘extensible element 58 would produce.
to maneuver with the stage substantially dark, and illumi
It .will be obvious that a wide variety of movements,
nated only to semi-darkness by the spotlight throwing the
substantially invisible light on the ?uorescent material. 50 including walking to different positions on the darkened
stage, may be practiced, and accompanied by correspond
There is thus created an area of visibility substantially
ing facial gestures.
encircling the more luminous areas at 10, 12, 20, 30 and
For instance, if the body is allowed to sway slightly
32. Within this area it is usually possible to perceive
from side to side the movements of a slightly intoxicated
dimly the contour of the torso of the wearer, but suitable
variations in illumination can be used to substantially 55 person can be well simulated. With or without making
such movements, if the body is swayed in one direction,
eliminate that part of subject matter viewed.
‘say, to the right, and the left shoulder is simultaneously
The verisimilitude may be further enhanced, as illus
shrugged upward, the imitation face will tilt and the left
trated, by providing a relatively opaque upward extension
eye will rise a little, making an exaggerated “come-hither”
from the collar 28, indicated in FIGURE -1 at 34. This
extension goes up to the level of the imitation mouth and 60 gesture with the face as a whole. Rising about 5 inches
by going up on the right toe accentuates this gesture.
may have ?uorescent material applied in imitation of a
In FIGURE 2 the imitation face has a normal forward
chin 36 which may include a small goatee 38. I may also
looking arrangement, but in FIGURE 1 the eyes are di
add an imitation nose at 40, and the detachable support
rected upward toward the balcony of the theater. If the
for the nose comprises a light wire member 42 bent for
model also carries‘ the draw cords 48 in her hands, this
65
.ward at 44 and then formed into a downwardly opening
upward displacement of the eyes can be materially in
hook 46.
creased into an attitude of prayer.
It will be obvious that movements of the torso and
On the other hand, by letting the shoulders slump as
shoulders of the model will displace the eyes 10 and 12
much as conveniently possible, and bending the back into
into various relative positions with respect to the mouth.
To produce more noticeable effects of this sort, I provide 70 a forward arc, the eyes may drop into a downwardly di
rected and dejected position as indicated in FIGURE 3,
each cup with a pull string 48 affixed to the cup approxi
and the tongue 54 is long enough to extend down into a
mately at the outer point of the lune de?ning the imita
3
‘3,074,714
grotesquely exaggerated expression suggesting the com
mon cartoon entitled “Sad Sack.”
The variety of available expressions and movements
4
the wearer; said girdle carrying an imitation collar and a
knotted necktie, proportioned to harmonize with said eyes
and mouth; said leotard being of ?esh~c0lored open mesh
is so great that no attempt is made here to enumerate
fabric; said girdle portion including a central upward ex
them. The few items recited above will give an adequate UK tension in front; said extension carrying indicia simulating
understanding of what can be accomplished.
a chin; said chin having natural proportions with respect
Others may readily adapt the invention for use under
to said imitation eyes, mouth and collar.
various conditions of service by employing one or more
5. A costume according to claim 4 in which said month
of the novel features disclosed, or equivalents thereof.
It will be obvious that a wide variety of creatures, includ~
ing not only people, but animals of all sorts, such as
has a horizontal slot between the lips thereof; there be-v
ing a ?exible imitation tongue concealed behind said
mouth and adapted to be pulled out through said slot and
quadrupeds, birds, ?sh, turtles, saurians, and the com
extended in any direction.
plete repertoire of 21 Walt Disney menagerie, may be vis~
6. A costume according to claim 5 in which the tip of
ualized as living, moving entities, before a variety of au
said imitation tongue carries inconspicuous tension means
diences. Furthermore, idealized inanimate objects such 15 adapted to be grasped by either hand of the wearer for
as “the old Dutch clock,” and the dish running away
withdrawing and positioning said tongue at a variety of
with the spoon, lend themselves readily to portrayal with
angles, and to a variety of distances, while keeping the
fanciful features and/or organs a?ixed to the model in
hand or hands of the wearer outside a circle of visibility
such ways that bodily movements of the model can ap
centered at said mouth and having a radius not materially
pear as either bodily or facial contortions of the entity greater than the length of said tongue when extended to
portrayed. It will be obvious that the simulated eyes
its maximum extension.
would function equally well in connection with falsies
7. A costume according to claim 6 in which the maxi
worn by a person biologically of the male sex, but
mum extension of said tonvue is materially greater than
equipped to impersonate a female person. Such theatrical
the proper proportion with respect to said eyes and mouth.
personnel are commonly called “female impersonators.”
8. A costume according to claim 5 in which said imi
As at present advised, with respect to the apparent scope
tation tongue, when concealed, lies extending downward
of my invention, I desire to claim the following subject
from said mouth slot and behind said imitation chin.
matter.
9. A costume according to claim 8 in combination with
1. A costume for securing theatrical illusions compris
an elastic tension member housed behind said chin and
ing, in combination: an inconspicuous foundation gar
adapted to retract said tongue.
ment; ornamentation carried by said foundation in imita
10. A costume according to claim 9 in which said elas
tion of the features of a face large enough to cover the
tic tension member has a predetermined ?xed limit of
front of the torso, with the eyes at locations correspond
stretch, whereby the wearer can exert tension on the entire
ing to the breasts of a female torso, and the other features
garment at the point of attachment of said elastic tension
approximately proportinal; said features including an imi
member, greater than the elastic action of said tension
tation mouth having a horizontal slit between the lips
member.
thereof; a ?exible tongue in said imitation mouth; and
11. A costume according to claim 10 in which said
inconspicuous wearer-controlled means for moving said
tongue, when concealed, extends down in front below the
tongue manually out through said slit and holding it ex
level of said imitation collar.
tended in any direction.
40
12. A costume for securing theatrical illusions; said
2. A costume for securing theatrical illusions compris
costume being adapted to be worn by a female performer,
ing, in combination: an inconspicuous foundation gar~
and comprising, in combination; a cup ?tted to each breast
ment covering the torso of the wearer; ornamentation
of the wearer; said cups being connected by a cross mem
carried by said foundation in imitation of the features of
ber; each cup carrying insignia simulating an open eye;
a face large enough to cover the front of the torso, with
an imitation mouth; and an inconspicuous ?exible tension
the eyes at locations corresponding to the breasts of a
member connected to each cup; said tension member,
female torso, and the other features approximately pro
when not under manipulation by the wearer, hanging
portional; said features including protuberant imitation
down in front of the body of the wearer, and being
eyes; and inconspicuous tension means for each eye
adapted to displace its cup up, down, or to either side
adapted to displace the eye up or down or to either side, 50 when pulled in the desired direction by the wearer, with
to vary the facial expression of the entirety.
the hands of the wearer outside a circle of visibility en
3. A costume according to claim 2 in which said incon
circling both cups; said imitation eyes and mouth being
spicuous tension means is a ?exible cord dangling at large
of approximately the proportions corresponding to a nat
from its cup; whereby the wearer can cross the cords and
ural face several times as large as the actual face of the
turn both eyes inward to imitate a cross-eyed face.
55 wearer; said imitation eyes and mouth being a?ixed to an
4. A costume for securing theatrical illusions; said cos~
inconspicuous leotard ?tted to the wearer; means for pull
tume being adapted to be worn by a theatrical performer,
ing the center of said cross member in a vertical direc
and comprising, in combination; a cup ?tted to each breast
tion, to draw both cups toward the center and produce a
of the wearer; each cup carrying insignia simulating an
grotesque and cross-eyed appearance; said pulling means
open eye; an imitation mouth; and an inconspicuous ?exi 60 being an imitation nose; said nose having a forwardly off~
ble tension member connected to each cup; said tension
set top hook member for hanging it on said cross mem
member, when not under manipulation by the wearer,
hanging down in front of the body of the wearer, and be
ing adapted to displace its cup up, down, or to either side
when pulled in the desired direction by the wearer, with
prising, in combination: an inconspicuous foundation gar
the hands of the wearer outside a circle of visibility en
ment covering the torso of the weaver; ornamentation car
circling both cups; said imitation eyes and mouth being
of approximately the proportions corresponding to a nat
ber; said nose being of approximately normal proportions
compared with said eyes and mouth.
13. A costume for securing theatrical illusions com
ried by said foundation in imitation of the features of a.
human face large enough to cover the front of the torso,
ural face several times as large as the. actual face of the
with the eyes at locations corresponding to the breasts of
wearer; said imitation eyes and mouth being ai?xed to an 70 a female torso, and the other features approximately pro
inconspicuous leotard ?tted to the wearer and adapted to
portional; said features including protuberant imitation
hold said eyes and mouth approximately in correct rela
eyes; and inconspicuous tension means for each eye
tive positions during movement of the wearer with sub~
adapted to displace the eye up or down or to either side,
stantially entire freedom of movement; there being a rela—
to vary the facial expression of the entirety.
tively conspicuous belt-like girdle encircling the hips of
(References on following page)
3,074,714
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,060,689
2,157,784
2,457,369
2,513,108
6
2,681,449
2,682,662
2,853,710
Montez ______________ __ June 22, 1954
Bennett _______________ __ July 6, 1954
SWann _______________ __ Sept. 30, 1958
Read ________________ __ Nov. 10, 1936
Cohn _________________ __ May 9, 1939
Harmon _____________ __ Dec. 28, 1949
Reger _______________ __ June 27, 1950
FOREIGN PATENTS
276,697
Switzerland ___________ __ Oct. 16, 1951
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