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Патент USA US3074767

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Jan. 22, 1963
ed Sept. 13, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
W, my arm
Jan. 22, 1963 '
Filed Sept. 13, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Jam“ 6, WEWE
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W, 46700997,
m7 mm
United States Patent 0 M
James A. Weagle, Green Bay, Wis, assignor to Baton
Manufacturing Corporation, Rio Creek, ‘Wis, a corpo
ration of Wisconsin
Fiied Sept. 13, 196i}, ?es‘. No. 55,628
4 Ciaims. (Cl. 297—3ti)
This invention relates to a folding pew.
Patented Jan. 22, 1963
axis of the fore leg 12 and pivot pin 20 is laterally offset
from the longitudinal axis of the stretcher bar 15, thus to
facilitate swinging of the parts into folded position as is
shown in FIGURE 5.
According to the present invention, stretcher bars 16
have integral extension portions _25 which project rear
wardly of the aft leg 13 and provide a mounting for a
kneeler 26. The rearward extensions 25 are also desir
ably provided with downturned foot portions 27 which
Heretofore there has been no entirely satisfactory 1O abut the floor 28 for direct support of the kneeler 26.
Accordingly, the stretcher bars and legs are not unduly
temporary seating facility available for use in churches
stressed when the kneeler is in use.
or the like. Folding chairs have been used, but fall far
The four-bar linkage is such that when the pew is
short of being a satisfactory substitute for conventional
folded as shown in FIG. 5, the parts fold about the
church pews.
According to the present invention a folding pew is 15 pivots 19—22 inclusive to bring the seat It} and back 11
into parallelism proximate one another and to pivot the
provided which has a kneeler which folds when the pew
kneeler 26 away from the seat and back, thus to elongate
is folded to permit convenient stacking of the folded pews.
the structure substantially on the axis of the aft leg 13
In folding pews embodying the present invention the link
and its extension 14-. This is advantageous for the reasons
age structure on which the kneeler is folded is such that
aforestated and particularly because it promotes vertical
the pews are adapted to be laid horizontally in vertical
stacking of folded pews laid horizontally, as is shown in
stacks. This is just the opposite from folding chairs
FIG. 5. Each pew occupies minimum space in the verti
which stand upright in horizontal stacks, stacking with the
cal direction.
individual folded pews horizontal is of considerable ad
To look the respective pews against inadvertent fold
vantage, because of the greater size of a pew (as com~
pared to a chair) and the inherent stability of a folded 25 ing when erected, there is provided a latch lever 31 pivot
object laid down flat on a floor, as distinguished from be
ing stood up on end. In pews embodying the present in
ally connected on a pivot pin 32 to the stretcher bar 15.
The latch lever has a hooked end 33 which engages over
a locking pin 34 on the aft leg 13 to hold the pew against
folding when it is erected. Upward movement of the
tated because the kneeler does not fold toward the seat
and back which are folded toward one another, thus to 30 hook 33 about the axis of pin 34, as shown in FIG. ‘5,
will release the latch and permit folding of the pew.
increase the thickness of the folded pew, but rather is
The latch lever 31 has a rearward extension 35 which
folded away from the folded seat and back to increase
will abut the undersurface of the seat 16 which over
the width thereof. Accordingly, when the folded pew is
hangs the latch to limit the range within which lever 31
laid over on its side to be stacked in vertical series, a
greater number of such pews can be placed in the stack, 35 can operate. Accordingly, when the pew is erected from
its folded position shown in FIG. 5, the abutment of the
and the stack will be more stable than would otherwise be
rearward extension 35 against the undersurface of the
the case.
seat 10 will limit the range of pivotal movement of the
Other objects, features and advantages of the inven
lever 31 and will tend to guide the hook 33 into auto
tion will appear from the following disclosure in which:
matic alignment with the pin 34 so that minimum manual
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an erected folding pew
manipulation of the latch is needed to lock the pew
embodying the invention.
vention, stacking with the pews laid horizontally is facili
in erected position.
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view showing only
Pews embodying the present invention are elongated
the four-bar linkage and leg mechanism which is desir
to seat two to six persons. Accordingly, rela
ably used in pairs for supporting the seat and back of
45 tively great numbers of people can be accommodated
folding pews embodying the invention.
in temporary seating with a much smaller number of
FIG. 3 is an enlarged rear perspective view of a fold
folding pews. Folding pews embodying the present in
ing pew embodying the invention.
vention are more stable and will occupy less space, both
FIG. 4 is a cross section taken along the line 4—4
when stacked and erected, than folding chairs for the
of PEG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a cross section taken through a vertical stack 50 same seating capacity. Morever, from the standpoint
of appearances, folding pews are preferred in churches
of horizontally disposed folding pews embodying the
over folding chairs. One pew is suitably spaced behind
another so that persons seated at one pew may convenient
Folding pews embodying the invention include seats
ly kneel on the kneeler of the pew ahead.
16} and backs 11. Each pew desirably consists of two 55
I claim:
folding support leg structures, one of which is shown
1. A folding pew adapted to be laid horizontally and
separately in FIG. 2. There are fore and aft legs 12, 13,
stacked in vertical series with like folding pews, said
the aft leg being extended upwardly, and at a convenient
pew comprising a seat, a back and a four bar folding
rearward angle, at 14 to provide a support for the slight
linkage including fore and aft legs for said seat and
ly rearwardly inclined back 11. The fore and aft legs 60 back and upper and lower non-collapsible stretchers
12, 13 are connected by an upper stretcher bar 15 to
between said legs, said fore and aft legs having ?oor en
which seat 10 is attached and by a lower stretcher bar 16.
gaging ends, means for pivotally connecting said lower
The fore and aft legs 12, 13 and upper and lower
stretcher to said aft legs at points spaced substantially
at kneeler height from the ?oor engaging ends of the
stretcher bars 15, 16 constitute a four-‘bar folding linkage,
aft legs, said lower stretcher having an integral exten
the parts of which are respectively pivotally connected
sion projecting rearwardly of said aft leg and a kneeler
together on the pivot pins 19, Zti, 21 and 22. The rear
on said extension, said seat and back folding toward one
end of upper stretcher bar 15 is desirably bifurcated at
another and said kneeler folding away from the seat
23 and curved upwardly to embrace the extension 14 of
and back when said linkage is folded whereby to adapt
aft leg 13. In like manner, the fore leg is bifurcated at
70 the folded pew for vertical stacking as aforesaid.
24 and curved rearwardly to embrace the stretcher bar
2. The device of claim .1 in which said kneeler has
15. Pivot pin 13' is laterally offset from the longitudinal
feet extending downwardly and at substantially a right
angle to the lower stretcher and into abutment with a
?oor when the pew is erected.
3. The device of claim 1 in further combination with
a latch to hold the pew against folding when it is erected. 5
4. The device of claim 3 in which said upper stretcher
is overhung by the seat, said latch comprising a latch
lever, a pivot pin therefor on the said upper stretcher,
a hook at one end of the latch lever, said lever having
a rearward extension beyond said pivot pin for abutment 10
with the undersurface of the overhanging seat to limit
the range of pivotal movement of the lever on its pin.
References @ited in the ?le of this patent
Matteson ____________ __ Apr. 11,
Boardman ____________ __ Feb. 18,
Anderson ____________ __ July 25,
Norquist ____________ __ Mar. 31,
McIntyre _____________ __ Mar. 9,
France ______________ __ Sept. 22,
00m ________________ __ Mar. 19,
Denmark ____________ __ June 17,
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