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Патент USA US3075468

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Jan. 29, 1963
3,075,458
s. H. PARKER
DUPLICATING DEVICE
Filed Jan. 23, 1961
INVENTUR.
STEWART
BY
PARKER
HIS
4% ATTORNEY
ed ta
$75,458
tent
Patented. Jan. 29, 1963
2
1
3,075,458
BUPLHIATlNG DEVl'CE
Stewart lit. Parker, 1M3 Qolorado St,
Salt Lake (City, Utah
Filed Jan. 235, 3361, Set’. No. 84,234
6 Claims. (Kill. l?l-IlSl)
taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in
which:
FIGURE 1 is a plan view of the duplicating device of
the invention and is shown sectioned and partially cut
away for purposes of clarity.
FIGURE 2 is a bottom view of the duplicator of
FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 3 is a side elevation of the duplicator of
FEGURES l and 2, with a handle being shown in frag
This invention relates to spirit duplicators and, more
particularly, to a new and improved spirit duplicator
which is very inexpensive to manufacture, extremely so 10 , mentary view.
when compared with existing equipment, and which per
FEGURE 4 is a perspective view in reduced scale of
forms very satisfactorily and simply so as to provide two
the device, illustrating the device as being drawn toward
hundred copies and more by the use of a single master
the operator in such a manner that the wick thereof
suitably disposed on the device.
deposits a layer of duplicating spirits upon a sheet of
in the past the spirit duplicating devices of which the 15 copy paper, for example.
inventor is aware have been very expensive both for the
FIGURE 5 is a perspective view of the device, is simi
manufacturer and for the consumer. Such expense is
lar to FEGURE 4, and illustrates the return of the device
inordinate where the device is to be used by small clubs,
over that portion of a copy paper formerly receiving
church groups and so forth which send out a limited
number of post cards, form letters or other matter regu
larly to members on a periodic basis. There is a great
need for a small, inexpensive device to perform duplicat
duplicating spirits, the progression of the device this time
being in a rolling manner so that the impression of a
master carried by the surface of the roller of the dupli
cator is deposited onto the copy paper over the spirits
ing functions in a simple and convenient manner.
Accordingly, an obiect of the present invention is to
containing area.
In FEG‘URES 1 through 3 of the device is shown to
provide a versatile, yet inexpensive spirit duplicating 25 include a hollow roller it) adapted to contain conven
device.
A further obiect is to provide a device of the type
tional duplicating spirits and having side journals 11
axially disposed (on axis A) to receive ends 12 of handle
described which may be easily operated by hand, and
be provided with composite means for alternatively de
small, flanged cylinders, the attachment to the sides of
13.
The journals ii. are conventional and resemble
positing a ?lm of duplicating spirits on a sheet of copy 30 container iii being by means of solder or other suitable
paper and then depositing the impression of the master
thereon.
A further object is to supply a device wherein suitable
means are provided for repositioning the roller of the
means (not shown). Thus, the hollow cylinder or roller
re is journalled about its axis of revolution A by handle
13.
a suitable quantity of duplicating spirits. A plug or
other stop means is supplied the inlet port, whereas the
1. This plug is selectively withdrawable so that addi
tional spirits may be deposited therein.
Roller it? includes one or more outlet ports 14 which
device so that the wick thereof will always be in a proper 35 are in registry with a wick 15, made of felt or other
position, be it for subsequent fluid deposit or for storage.
suitable material, which is glued or otherwise secured
According to the present invention the device includes
to surface S of roller lit in longitudinal disposition as
a roller and a handle journalling the roller at its axis of
shown. Further, inlet port or aperture 16 is provided
revolution. The roller is hollow and is provided with
in the side of hollow roller iti so as to receive a suitable
inlet port means for admitting into the interior thereof 40 plug or fluid stopping means 17 as illustrated in FIGURE
It will be noted with reference to FIGURES l, 2 and
3 that the plug 17 also serves to engage and stop handle
which are also disposed in communication with the inte 45 13 at a particular disposition of the latter relative to
rior of the roller. Thus, duplicating spirits will proceed
roller ill’. The function of plug 17, as a stop means,
gradually through the outlet ports of the roller into the
will be described hereinafter.
it will be noted with respect to FIGURES l and 2
wick area so as to be ready for deposit onto a sheet of
that a spring 123 is fixedly secured to roller 10 at journal
copy paper.
Either the plug or other ?uid stop means, or a separate 50 11 by conventional means (not shown) and transversely
engages end 12 of handle 13.
member, may be affixed to the roller and selectively
The operations of the device will now be described.
engage the handle of the device so as to orient the wick
Suitable duplicating spirits are introduced through inlet
appropriately relative to the handle of the device. Like
port 16 into hollow roller lit and the contents secured
wise, a spring, rubber or other energy storing means may
roller itself is supplied with one or more outlet ports
which are in registry with a wick of the device and
be supplied so as to store su?‘icient energy when the 55 by ?uid stop means or plug 27. Thus, the duplicating
spirits is adequately contained within the roller 10, and
device is being rolled over copy paper so as to return
the roller automatically to its stop disposition relative
the only outlet through the duplicating spirit is through
roller apertures M which are in registry with Wick 15.
to the handle once the rolling is completed and the device
Sheets of copy paper P are supplied as needed and,
lifted from the supporting surface thereof.
In this way the device is adapted to deposit a uniform 60 as shown in FTGURE 4, the device is drawn in trans
layer of duplicating spirits onto a sheet of copy paper
lational (only) movement over copy paper P so as to
deposit via elongate Wick 15 a film F of duplicating
when the device is advanced in one direction; when
rolled in the reverse direction the device deposits the
spirits onto paper P. This is made possible by the draw
impression of a duplicating master, suitably disposed on
ing of the wick 1.5 across the paper; since plug 17 is in
the surface of the roller, onto the copy paper supplied. 65 engagement with handle 13, wick 15 will be on the
The features of the present invention which are be
underside of roller lid and the roller 10 will be precluded
from rotating during this operation.
lieved to be novel are set forth with particularity in the
appended claims. The present invention, both as to its
When ?lm deposit is completed the operator then rolls
organization and manner of operation, together with 70 the device in the reverse direction as shown in FIGURE
further objects and advantages thereof, may best be
5 so that the master M, previously secured to the sur!
understood by reference to the following description,
face S or" roller 10 by masking tape T, or by leaf springs
sweats
the copy paper via the spirits.
(For purposes of clarity
the ends of tape T are shown only, the remainder being
broken away to reveal the two edges of master M.)
4
3. A spirit duplicating device including, in combina
tion, a hollow roller adapted to contain duplicating spir
its and having an exterior surface, adapted to releasably
or other suitable means, will make the impression onto
receive a master to be duplicated, and an openable in
let port; a handle; means journalling said handle cen
trally to said roller at the latter’s axis of rotation; an
elongate wick longitudinally ar’lixed to said roller at said
It
will be noted that the rolling action will “wind” spring
18 or other resilient means which functions as follows.
After the roller is rolled over the copy paper as shown
exterior surface thereof, said roller being provided with
in FIGURE 5 andis lifted thereabove, the spring will
at least one ‘outlet port disposed in communication with
UREpS land 2 so that the Wick will be in position for 10 said wick; stop means secured to said roller and engag
ing said handle for stopping the rotation of said roller
depositing the next ?lm of duplicating spirits upon copy
return roller it} to its initial position as shown in FIG
paper as shown in FIGURE 4.
when it achieves a particular disposition; and means for
securing a duplicating master to said exterior surface,
Further, if the duplicat
ing process has been completed, then the spring serves
leaving said wick exposed.
to re-orlent the roller with respect to the handle 13 so
4. A spirit duplicating device including, in combina
that the tool may be suitably stored such that duplicat~ 15
tion, a hollow roller adapted to contain duplicating spir
ing spirits will not leak from the wick.
its and having an exterior surface, adapted to releasably
Obviously other changes could be made in the inven
receive a master to be duplicated, and an openable in
tion without departing from the scope thereof. Thus,
the stopmeans may be a member affixed to roller to
which is separated from the member (plug 17) serving
to contain the duplicating spirits within hollow roller
it).
let port; a handle; means journalling said handle cen
20 trally to said roller at the latter’s axis of rotation; an
Furthermore, the spring 18 may be one of a variety
of con?gurations; also, a rubber band, for example,
may be supplied in lieu thereof and engage handle 13
elongate wick longitudinally affixed to said roller at
said exterior surface thereof, said roller being provided
with at least one outlet port disposed in communication
with said wick; stop means secured to said roller and
engaging said handle for stopping the rotation of said
roller when it achieves a particular disposition; and said
stop means comprising a removable ?uid stop engaging
sufficient energy to return the roller to a position shown
said inlet port.
in FIGURE 2 for a subsequent rolling action or for
5. A spirit duplicating device including, in combina
storage.
While particular embodiments of the present inven 30 tion, a hollow roller adapted to contain duplicating spir
its and having an exterior surface, adapted to releasably
tion have been shown and described, it will be obvious
‘so that the rolling process shown in FIGURE 5 is suffi
cient to wind the rubber band, thereby imparting to a
to those skilled in the art that changes and modi?cations
may be made without departing from this invention in
its broader aspects, and, therefore, the aim in the ap 35
pended claims is to cover all such changes and modi?
cations as fall within the true spirit and scope of this
invention.
I claim:
receive a master to be duplicated, and an openable in
let port; a handle; means journalling said handle cen~
trally to said roller at the latter’s axis of rotation; an
elongate wick longitudinally affixed to said roller at said
exterior surface thereof, said roller being provided with
at least one outlet port disposed in communication with
said wick; stop means secured to said roller and en
1. A spirit duplicating device including, in combina 40 gaging said handle for stopping the rotation of said roll
or when it achieves a particular disposition; and said
tion, a hollow roller adapted to contain duplicating spir
its and having an exterior surface, adapted to releasably
receive a master to be duplicated, and an openable in
let port; a handle; means journalling said handle cen
trally to said roller at the latter’s axis of rotation; an
elongate wick longitudinally affixed to said roller at said
wick being disposed on the underside of said roller when
said roller is stopped in said disposition.
6. A spirit duplicating device including, in combina
tion, a hollow roller adapted to contain duplicating spir~
its and having an exterior surface, adapted to releasably
receive a master to be duplicated, and an openable in
exterior surface thereof, said roller being provided with
let port; a master releasably disposed upon said surface;
at least one outlet port disposed in communication with
a handle; means journalling said handle centrally to said
said wick; and stop means secured to said roller and en
gaging said handle for stopping the rotation of said roll 50 roller at the latter’s axis of rotation; an elongate wick
longitudinally a?’ixed to said roller at said exterior sur
er when it achieves a particular disposition.
face thereof, said roller being provided with at least one
2. A spirit duplicating device including, in combina
tion, a hollowroller adapted to contain duplicating spir
outlet port disposed in communication with said wick;
its and having an exterior surface, adapted to releasably
stop means secured to said roller and engaging said han
elongate wick longitudinally a?ixed to said roller at
is stopped in said disposition.
receive a master to be duplicated, and an openable in 55 die for stopping the rotation of said roller when it
achieves a particular disposition; and said wick being
let port; a handle; means journalling said handle cen
disposed on the underside of said roller when said roller
trally to said roller at the latter’s axis of rotation; an
saidexterior surface thereof, said roller being provided
with at least one outlet port disposed in communication 60
.with said wick; stop means secured to said roller and
(engaging ‘said handle for stopping the rotation of said
roller when it achieves a particular disposition; and re
silient means responsive to the rotation of said roller
with respect to said handle ‘in one direction for storing
References (Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNiTED STATES PATENTS
336,926
Leckie ______________ __ Mar. 2, 1886
‘363,799’
Cairns _____________ __ May 31, 1887
367,737
Arthur ______________ __. Aug. 2, 1887
‘2,610,580
Burke _,_____________ __ Sept. 16, 1952
2,632,387
Heyer et al. _________ __ Mar. 24, 1953
7,849
Great Britain _________ .. July 1, 1887
energy to return said roller in the reverse direction and
to said disposition at which point said stop means en
,gages said handle.
FOREIGN PATENTS
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