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Патент USA US3075521

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Jan. 29, 1963
J. w. RYAN
3,075,51 1
LEVER ACTION TOY GUN
Filed Sept. 22, 1958
.M
-
„Wim
JOHN „i RYAN,
INVENTOR. >
Jan. 29, 1963
J. w. RYAN
3,075,511 '
LEVER ACTION Toy GUN
Filed Sept. 22, 1958
.if
Y
unNN
WNN
JOHN MRI/AN,
INVENTOR.
HERZ/6 8 JESSUP,
BY
Jan. 29, 1963
J. w. RYAN
3,075,511
LEVER ACTION. TOY GUN
Filed Sept.> 22, 1958
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
hatentecl Jan., 29, liloä
increased by the ejection of simulated cartridges from the
breech of the ride by actuation of the lever means, simul
taneous with the cooking action of the cap-tiring means.
lt is a further object of this invention to provide a lever
action toy gun which includes improved breech cover ac
tion whereby the breech cover is eil‘ected by the action of
the lever means to slide rearwardly and expose the open
This invention relates to a toy gun and more particu
larly to a toy „un simulating a rifle having a lever action
for advancing cap rolls therein, coclring the hammer there
or”, and ejecting simulated cartridges outwardly of the
h using thereof in reelisdc fashion.
'
in general, the invention comprises a hollow housing
sin dating a
iile in its outward appearance, having a
breech portion, a forwardly-extending cylindrical barrel
portion and a stock or handle portion.
provided on
Door means are
side ot the breech portion to normally
cover an opening, the door means is yieldably mounted
to facilitate manual insertion of one or more simulated
cartridges into the b el portion for subsequent selective
ejection outwardly of the housing as through an open top
of
breech portion. Means are provided adjacent the
barrel portion for releasably retaining the last of the in
serted cartridges until released therefrom by elector means
operatively associated with a lever means pivotally mount
ed in
housing.
breech cover means is slideably
mounted on the housing for selective covering and un
csverin(T of the open top of the housing and is actuated
`oy means operatively associated with the lever means
when the lever means is actuated.
top oi the breech portion to permit ejection of the simu
lated cartridges through the open tcp and outwardly of
the housing and in which return movement of the lever
to its normal position, similar to its real counterpart,
causes the breech cover member to slide forwardly and
thereby enclose the open top of the housing.
Yet another object of this invention is to provide a new
and improved toy gun of the character described which
provides means for more easily and readily reloading the
gun with cap rolls by providing readily accessible cap-roll
support means and manually operable separable breech
cover sections to facilitate such access.
A still 1curther object of this invention is to provide a
new and improved toy gun which is economical to manu
facture, and is capable of mass production and inter
changeability of parts thereof.
A. general object of this invention is to provide a new
and improved toy gun which overcomes disadvantages
of prior means and methods heretofore intended to ac
complish generally similar purposes.
These and other objects will be more apparent by ref
erence to the following drawings, detailed descrip-tion and
'l`he housing is further provided with a cap-tiring means 30 appended claims.
ln the drawings:
lïlG. l is a side view, in elevation, of a toy gun in ac
cordance with this invention;
FlG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical cross-Sec
anvil means and adapted. to be cocked into a tiring posi
seen at the central parting line of
tion by
lever means, whereby the hammer means is 35 tional view thereof
the breech portion of the toy gun, and showing a portion
late"ed in the lirr‘g position by a hook integral with a
cf tl stock and the barrel portion;
manually operable tr' er means mounted in the housing
. 3 is a -ragrnentary vertical sectional view, with
and having a linger piece extending outwardly thereof.
parts shown in elevation, ot the forward or barrel portion
Aron-ate motion oí the trigger means, as imnarted by a
of
user’s hand, unlatches the hammer ‘leans 40 thereof;
FlG. 4 is a vertical crossesectional view, similar to
which is spring urge to strike the anvil means. Pawl
FlG. 2, showing parts thereof in another position;
means are further provided pivotally secured to the harn
FlG. 5 is a fragmentary horizontal cross-sectional
mer means and op^“^tively associated with the anvil
view as taken substantially along a line S-S of FIG. 4;
means for intermitt-.„tly rotating the anvil means and
FlG. 6 is a fragmentary top plan View, with parts broken
thereby advancing the cap roll to position a succeeding
away, thereof;
`
cap for detonation by the hammer means.
HG. 7 is an enlarged vertical cross-sectional view, illus
The breech cover means is preferably formed of dis
trating the cap-tiring means in greater detail; and
crete members, one manually slideable over the other, to
PIG. 8 is a vertical cross-sectional View as taken sub
i‘ur‘dier expose the open top whereby the cap roll support
means may be manually rotated outwardly of the hous 50 stantially along aline Eel-ä of FIG. 7.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, there is
ing for reloading purposes.
shown by way of illustration, but not of limitation, a toy
lt is therefore an object of this invention to provide o.
gun generally indicated by the numeral lo, including an
new and improved lever action toy gun which realistically
intermediate breech portion lll and a forwardly extend*
simulates a lever-action rifle for use by juveniles to ar’ïord
for successively' tiring caps of a cap roll stored on a cap
roll support and extended over an intermittently rotatable
anvil means. Hammer
are provided adjacent the
greater realism in play.
More specifically, an object or" this invention is to pro
vide a new and improved toy gun which cocks and ad
vances a cao-fung means within the gun by manual ac
tuation of a lever means secured thereto to simulate'the
i ver action of a real rir'le.
An object or" this invention is to provide a new and iin
proved toy gun in which simulated cartridges may be
manually inserted and stored to simulate loading oi an
actual repeater rille.
Yet another object of this invention is to provide re
tarnng means within the housing for retaining the in
serted cartridge against the bias of a spring contained
within
barrel portion and in position to be released
therefrom and ejected bythe ejection means when elîected
by the lever means.
Another object oí this invention is to provide a new
and improved toy . n in which the realism in play is
ing barrel portion l2. rl`he housing further includes, for
added realis-. , a stock portion ll3 including a shoulder
piece ld- and a hand support piece lo integral with the
housing. The housing lll may be formed ol’ any suit~
able material such as plastics, metal, or the like, and
is preferably molded to form a pair of substantially hol
low half-members .lila and lllb which are joined and ce
mented, or otherwise secured, together as at a vertical
parting line ll’ï to form a substantially hollow, elongated,
integral housing. The barrel portion l2 includes an up
per cylindrical member lb, simulating the rii’le barrel por
tion of an actual riile, and a lower cartridge storage tube
i9. The members lâ and l@ may be secured to the barrel
portion lo as by a clamp, indicated at 2l, with the storage
tube i9 of the barrel housing lâ extending inwardly of
the housing and having an open inner end 22 and being
closed at its outer end as by a cap member 23.
A cap tiring means generally indicated by the numeral
3
3,075,511l
24 is disposed within the breech portion ll of the housing
tioned, as will hereinafter be described, until the linger
1€) for selectively and intermittently tiring caps of a roll
of caps 26 supported within the housing as o-n a supportV
means 27. The cap firing means 24 comprises an anvil
means 23 rotatably mounted within the housing breech
piece S6 is actuated against the bias of the spring S7
whereby the hook portion 52 is disengaged from the hook
portion 3l thereby permitting the spring 43 of the hammer
means 37 to bias the hammer means against the anvil
means 28 to tire the cap positioned in the path of the
portion lll as on a transverse shaft 29 supported at its
ends by the housing halves Titia and 10b. The anvil 23
preferably includes a cylindrical drum portion having out
hammer 42.
In order to cock the hammer means, that is, to arcuate
wardly extending conical projections 3l for engaging aper
ly move the hammer means 37 rearwardly into a cocked
tures of the perforated strip comprising the cap roll. The 10E position in which the hooks 5l and 52 are engaged, and
cap roll 26 extends from its supporting pin 32 of the roll
to advance the anvil means, thereby to advance a new
cap support means 27 and over and around the periphery,
or an upper portion thereof, of the anvil 23. The strip is
cap into position to be fired, a lever means generally in
dicated by the numeral 63 is pivotally secured within the
housing lil at an upwardly extending portion ed and in
includes a manually engageable handle portion de extend
stripped from the bottom portion thereof as by a stripper
member 33 tangentially disposed adjacent the anvil 2S and
suitably secured as at 34 to the housing lil. The cap
roll. support means 27 preferably includes a rearwardly
extending extension 3o which overlies the anvil 2S and
ing downwardly and outwardly of the housing lib. The
lever means 63 includes an arcuate portion 67 forming
a guard for the trigger means 53 and an upwardly ex
tends to keep the strip of caps in close proximity to the
anvil 23 to prevent inadvertent separation thereof from
the anvil during rotation of the anvil.
The anvil 28serves to support the strip portion of the
tending tab 68 at the rearward portion of the handle 65.
The handle 66 is adapted to lie in close proximity to the
shoulder piece .114 of the riile l@ when in a non-actuating
position, as illustrated in FIG. 2. To retain the handle
56 in this position, a leaf spring 69 or the like is secured
within the stock 13 and includes a hook portion 71 to
cap roll 26 in the path of a reciprocating hammer means
37 for ñring of the caps and is adapted to be intermittent
ly rotated, as will be hereinafter described, on its shaft 23 25 releasably engage the tab 68.
to advance the strip of the cap roll whereby a subsequent
The lever means 63 includes an upwardly extending
charge of explosive is advanced into the path of the
:offset arm 72 which is adapted to move arcuately in a
hammer means 37 after a previously positioned charge
plane substantially parallel to the plane of arcuate move
has been detonated.
ment of the hammer means 37. When the lever means
The hammer means 37 is pivotally disposed within
63 is pivoted downwardly, or counterclockwise as viewed
the breech portion il and adjacent the anvil means 28 and
in FIG. 2, about the shaft 39, the upwardly extending
includes a downwardly extending portion 38 pivotally
extension 72 is brought into engagement with a trans
supported on a transverse shaft 39 secured at its ends
versely extending pin 73 of the hammer means 37 to
within the half portions 19a and ltlb for arcuate axial
movement relative to the housing. The hammer means
impart its arcuate movement to the hammer means where
by the hammer means is pivoted rearwardly to engage the
37 includes an upper arcuate portion 41 having a for
hook 5l. with the hook S2 of the trigger means and thereby
wardly extending serrated, or otherwise suitably faced,
cock the hammer means.
In order to rotate the anvil means 28 and thereby ad
hammer portion 42 adapted to strike the face of the anvil
means 28. A torque spring 43 is disposed around the
vance the strip of the cap roll into a new position, a pawl
shaft 39 having one end 44 bearing against a transverse
40 means is operatively associated with the hammer means
boss 46 on the extension 38 of the hammer means, and
and the anvil means. The pawl means 7d is pivotally se
the other end 47 thereof bearing against a transverse pro
cured as at 76 to the hammer means 37 and includes an
jection of the housing 10 to bias the hammer means 37
annular portion 77 encircling a star-shaped boss or wheel
towards the anvil means 23 for Contact therewith. The
78 integral with the anvil means 23. The star wheel 7S
spring 43 is preferably of sufficient torque to produce a
of the anvil means 2S includes a plurality of projections
rapid and sharp impact of the hammer means 37 against
45
the anvil means 28 to explode a cap sandwiched there-`
between.
79 engageable with a downwardly extending hook portion
S1 of the pawl 74.
t
When the hammer means 37 is
pivoted rearwardly as illustrated in FlG. 4, the pawl 74
The hammer means 37 is adapted to be engaged and
is moved rearwardly to engage a projection 79 by the
arcuately'pivoted by a lever means for cooking, as will
projection 31 to rotate the star '73 and its integral anvil
hereinafter be described, and is provided with an up 50 means 23 until the projection 31 slips off.V At this time,
wardly extending finger piece 49 for manual engagement
an upwardly extending projection S2 of the pawl 7d is
thereof for manual cooking of the hammer means where
brought against an opposite projection 79 to stop the star
by the hammer may be manually cocked independently of
78 from further rotation. VAs the trigger means 53 is
the lever means, if desired. '
The hammer means 37 further includes a rearwardly 55 actuated to unlatch the hook 52 from the hook Sl, and
the hammer means 37 moves -arcuately to strike the anvil
and downwardly extending hook member 51 which, when
28,
the pawl is carried forwardly or to the right as viewed
the hammer means is biased rearwardly against the force
in FIGS. 2,_ 4 and 7, to ratchet over the last-engaged
of the spring 43, is engageable with an upwardly extend
projection 79 without imparting a reverse rotation to the
anvil 28.
ing hook portion 52 of a trigger means 53 to retain the
hammer means in a cocked position.
The trigger means 53 is pivotally mounted within the
60
housing 10 as on a transverse pin or shaft 54 secured at
its ends in the housing half-portions lila and lltlb, and
includes a downwardly extending linger piece 5d for selec
As will be apparent from the foregoing description,
when the lever means 63 is pivoted downwardly about its
pivot point 39, the upwardly extending portion 72 thereof
is moved rearwardly to engage the transverse pin 73 of the
tive manual engagement thereof as by a digit of the user. 65 hammer means 37 to impart movement thereof to the
hammer means whereby the hammer means is swung rear
A torque spring 57 is mounted within the housing and
circumjacent the shaft Ed having one of its ends ’58'
bearing against a projection 59 of the housing lil and its
other end 6l bearing against an extension 62 of the trigger
means 53 to bias the upper hook portion 52 ofthe trigger 70
means 5rearwardly and the downwardly extending linger
piece 56 forwardly. The hook portion 52 of the trigger
wardly to a position _where its integral hook 51 is latched
by an upwardly extending hook S2 of the trigger means
53. As the hammer means 37 is swung rearwardly, pawl
means 74 Vattached, thereto engages a star wheel 73 of
the anvil means 2S to rotate the anvil means, thereby
advancing caps of the cap roll 26 into -a new position
whereby an unexploded charge is placed within the path
means S3 is adapted to engage the rearwardly extend~
of the hammer d2.. As the lever 63 is returned to its
ing hook portion 51 of the hammer means 37 to latch
position, into proximity with the stock 13 of the riile 1t?,
the hammer means in a rearward position, when so posi~ 75 the handle portion 66 is latched as by the spring 69-71
3,075,511
Si
ti
lever means o3» causing rearward movement of the exten
sion 72 thereof. As best seen in FIG. 5, the transverse
portion S9 is brought into Contact with the head lll? of
the pin 1493 to urge the pin inwardly through the aperture
lille or the guide means Sd and against the bias of the
spring lbll to displace a last inserted cartridge from the
and the upwardly extending portion 72 is moved away
rom the projection 73 of the hammer means 37. To tire
the cap tiring means 2d, the user of the toy gun manually
actuates the ringer piece
of the trigger means 53 to
pivot the trigger means about its pivot point 5d whereby
the bool: member 52 releases the hooi; member Si, per
projection gi whereby the spring lili within the tube 19
mitting the spring ¿i3 to snap the hammer means 37 to
biases the cartridge outwardly of the guide member d4
wards the anvil means 23 to rire the newly positioned cap.
into the chute 98.
On its return travel, the pawl means 74 ratchets over the
ln order to eject the cartridge outwardly of the housing,
star 7S to place the projection Si in the path of a suc 10
the
housing is provided with an open top lllä which is
ceeding projection 9 whereby the star “lâ and its asso
covered as by breech cover member generally referred to
ciated anvil 2S will be rotated by a subsequent move
by the numeral Zidi);
ment c-Í the lever means 65.
The breech cover member lili) is slidingly disposed on
After tiring an actual rifle, the lever means normally
actuates an ejîection
to eject the last tired and spent 15 the breech portion lll of the housing l@ for longitudinal
linear movement thereon to open and close the open top
cartridge. To add realism to the use of this instant in
ldd of the housing portion lll. The breech cover member
vention, provision is made herein whereby downward
ld@ comprises a pair of discrete axially displaceable for
arcuate motion of the lever elîects an ejection means for
electing simulated cartridges stored within the barrel tube
portion
ward and rearward members lill and M2, respectively,
20 the forward member .lll being adapted to be manually
by the numeral S3, is operatively associated between the
and selectively longitudinally moved into an overlying
relationship with the rearward member M2, as will be
lever means d3 and a guide means Se disposed within the
hereinafter described.
For this purpose, an eiector means, generally designated
breech portion il adjacent the inward open end of the
tube lâ.
The ejector means includes a rod or shaft lio
having one end 37 thereof bent transversely and rotatably
disposed in an aperture @S of the extension 72 of the
rl`he forward breech cover member llll is provided with
laterally extending ribs lllê slidingly disposed in longi
tudinal opposing grooves lid of the members lha and
litio, for longitudinal baclt-and-torth movement therein
relative to the housing lo. rl`he member lll further in
cludes a downwardly extending lateral tlange llo which
other end e@ adjacent the guide means 8d. The guide
means
is generally tcl-shaped in coniiguration, and is 30 is adapted to abut an upwardly extending lateral flange
provided with a projection 91 extending inwardly and
117 of the rearward breech cover member lllZ.
The rearward breech member llZ is similarly provided
forwardly towards the tube lg. The guide means äd is
with laterally extending longitudinal ribs MS which are
provided with an open rearward end to receive manually
lever means e3.
r`She rod Se is bent transversely at its
insertable simulated cartridges @2. The cartridges il?.
are generally cylindrical in configuration and include
slidingly disposed in longitudinal grooves ll?‘ spaced
flanges at the rearward end thereof, as indicated at 93,
housing lli and into the guide il eans by means of a door
lité, a groove lll“ being provided on the inner surface of
each vertical wall of the housing members lila and lub,
as best seen in FlGS. 6 and 8, for sliding longitudinal
movement of the member M2 relative to the housing lll.
rîhe breech cover member llZ further includes an in
Sill pivotally and yields-.bly mounted within the housing to
tegral resilient, centrally-located finger piece E21 which
cover an opening 96 in a side wall of the housing portion
yl‘b. The door 9d is biased into a closed position as by
a resilient leaf spring Ñ, or the like, and includes an in
wardly extending arcuate portion 9S which forms a chute
to guide a. cartridge during its ejection. To insert a car
includes an upwardly extending tab portion T122 abutting
which when inserted beyond the progîection 9i, is brought
into abutment therewith as seen in FIG. 2.
rl`he cartridges il?, are manually insertable through the
tridge $2, the user places the cartridge against the door,
swinging the door inwardly', whereby trie cartridge may
be aligned with the guide means
and inserted therein
as by the use of a linger of the user, or the like, until the
downwardly from and substantially parallel to the grooves
the rearward face of the flange M6 of the cover member
lll to retain the flange fille and thereby releasably secur
ing the members lll and lllZ for simultaneous move
ment when uncovering or covering the open top lilä.
ri‘he breech cover member lll@ is actuated for longi
tudinal movement by arcuate movement of the lever means
63. The upwardly extending extension '72 includes an
enlarged portion at its upper end 111.23 which is engageable
ilange of the cartridge is beyond the projection 91. A 50 with a downwardly extending yoke portion i251 integral
resilient leaf spring 9S is disposed adjacent the guide
with, or attached to, the breech cover member lll, as
means 8d
l is biased inwardly to press against a car
best seen in FÍGS, 7 and S. The yoke member l2@ corn
tridge after it has been inserted to keep the iiange 93
prises a pair of substantially parallel spaced vertical ribs
of the cartridge in engagement with the projection 9i
which span the upper enlarged portion 123 of the exten
55
of guide means bd.
sion 72 whereby the arcuate motion of the lever means
A subsequent cartridge may be inserted, its bullet nose
63 is translated into a linear motion of the breech cover
being pressed against the previously inserted cartridge to
member M19. As the lever means 6?» is pivoted down
force the previously inserted cartridge further into the
wardly, the extension 72 is pivoted rearwardly to slide
guide means and eventually into the tube member i9
the breech cover member liti@ rearwardly and thereby ex
ag ‘ist a spring retainer member lill. slidingly disposed 60 pose the open top ltlâ whereby the cartridge which has
within the tube i9. rEhe spring retainer member lill is
been elected into the chute continues outwardly of the
urged towards the guide means by -a coiled spring lll?,
housing to simulate the ejection of cartridge in «an actual
disposed between the spring retainer and the closed end
title. The linear motion ot the breech cover member
or" the cap 2,3 as best seen in PEG. 3.
The spring il@ biases the cartridges into engagement
with the projection gli, while the spring 99 laterally biases
the cartridge to prevent inadvertent displacement from
the pr ` ction §13. An ejector' pin M13 is transversely dis
lll@ is timed so it is almost at the end of its rearward
travel when the transverse portion S9 of the rod Se con
tacts the head lll/‘7 of the pin 1% to displace the car
tridge from the projection @l whereby the spring lll?.
secured to the guide means @Il rl`he pin lef; is adapted
pushes the last inserted cartridge into the chute 98 out~
wardly of the housing lill through the open top lilith
Provision is made for easily and quickly reloading the
to move inwardly through an aperture lilo of the guide
means
«.’ben actuated by a rearw' rd movement of the
transverse portion S9 of the rod Se when the rod do is
ing the breech member lll@ into its rearmost position, as
seen in PEG. 4, the ‘forward breech cover member lll
posed adiacent the gu,
Guide means
and is urged outwardly
of the guide means 8d as by a resilient leaf spring ltld
moved linearly rearwardly by downward ac nation oí the
cap roll within the cap roll support means. When the
lever means o3 is in its downward position, thereby mov
3,075,511
may be slid rearwardly in overlying relationship relative
to the rearward breech cover member 112. by manually
pressing downwardly on the finger piece llZll to remove
the tab 122 thereof from the path of the downwardly
extending flange M6 whereby the forward breech cover
member lll may be manually slid rearwardly over the
member 112 to expose a greater portion of the open
top 108, permitting the user to manually pivot the roll
cap means 27 outwardly about its pivot point i126, against
S
open top and an elongated cylindrical barrel portion ex
tending therefrom; cartridge means slidingly insertable
into said barrel portion, guide means in said housing ad
jacent an inner open end of said barrel portion and com
municating with said breech portion; means deiining an
opening in a side wall of said breech portion; spring
biased door means on said breech portion complementary
to said opening for closing said breech opening and hav
ing an arcuate chute means extending inwardly into said
the bias of a torque spring 127, to a position shown in 10 -breech portion, said chute means communicating between
broken lines in FIG. 4. In this position, the portion of
said guide means and said open top, and said door means
the roll cap support means 27 having the transverse pin
being yieldable to manual inward swinging thereof for
32. is exposed outwardly of the body lil and a new cap
manual insertion of said cartridge means through said
-roll like 26 may be inserted‘over the pin 32. The free
opening and into said guide means, said cartridge means
end of the cap roll may then be wrapped over the anvil 15 when inserted into said barrel portion being urged into
means 28 in such manner whereby the apertures of the
said barrel portion by subsequently inserted cartridge
cap roll coincide with the projections 31 thereof. There
means; spring means in said barrel portion for biasing said
after, the support means 27 may be released and lowered
cartridge means inwardly toward said guide means; retain
into its normal cap feeding position and cap retaining
ing means on said guide means for retaining a last inserted
position, as illustrated in FIGS. 2, 4, 7 »and 8.
20 cartridge means in said guide means; manually operable
lf Vit is desired to cock the hammer means 37v inde
lever means pivotally mounted in said housing for arcuate
pendently of the lever means 63, the user may engage the
movement in a vertical piane substantially parallel to the
linger piece 49 with a linger or thumb and draw the ham
longitudinal axis of said housing and having a handle
mer means rearwardly until the hook portion 51 latches
portion extending outwardly of said housing for selective
with the hook portion 52 of the trigger means 53. Such 25 manual actuation thereof; spring-biased releasing means
arcuate movement imparted by the linger causes the pawl
on said guide means and aligned with an opening there
means 74 to rotate the'anvil means 28, thereby advancing
of; and actuator means rotatably secured at one end there
the cap roll 26 to a new unexploded position and cooking
of in an extension of said lever means and having an
the hammer into a position ready to be tired by manual
opposite
end adjacent said retaining means for engaging
actuation of the linger piece 56 of the trigger means 53 30 said releasing means whereby arcuate motion of said lever
as previously described.
means is translated into a linear movement of said actu
While the instant invention has been shown and de
ator means for actuating said releasing means whereby
scribed herein in what is conceived to be the most prac
said releasing means is biased inwardly of said guide mem
tical and preferred embodiment, it is recognized that de
ber for releasing said last-inserted cartridge means from
partures may be made therefrom within the scope of the
said retaining means whereby said barrel spring means
invention, which is therefore not to be limited to the
biases
said last-inserted cartridge means into Isaid chute
details disclosed herein but is to be accorded the full
means.
scope of the yclaims so as to embrace any and all equiva
lent methods and apparatus.
What is claimed is:
’
'
l. A toy gun comprising: a housing -simulating a tiñe
having a breech portion having an opening and a hollow
barrel portion having an open inner end and a closed
outer end; cartridge means slidingly insertable into said
barrel portion, guide means in said breech portion ad
jacent said barrel portion for guiding insertion of said
cartridge ,means into said barrel portion; a spring-urged
door means hingedly secured on said breech portion ad
3. A toy gun in accordance with claim 2 wherein said
40 breech portion has -a breech cover means slidingly disposed
on said housing for longitudinal linear movement there
on substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of said
housing for selective covering and uncovering of said open
top; yoke means integral with said breech cover means;
and an extension on said lever means being in continuous
engagement with said yoke meas whereby arcuate move
ment of said manually operable lever means is translated
into a linear movement of said breech cover means for un
covering said open top substantially simultaneously with
jacent said barrel portion for closing said opening, said 50 said
releasing of said last inserted cartridge means, where
door means being swingable inwardly of the housing for
by said last inserted cartridge means is ejected through
selective manual insertion of said cartridge means into
said open top and outwardly of `said housing.
said guide means and thereby into said barrel portion;
4. A toy gun in accordance with claim 3 including cap
spring means in said barrel portion and having one end
means in said housing and adjacent said lever means,
bearing against said cartridge means and'another end 55 iiring
said
cap
tiring means comprising anvil means rotatably
bearing against said closed outer end when said cartridge
mounted in said housing, hammer means pivotally mount
means are inserted in said barrel portion so as to bias
said cartridge means toward said guide means; retaining
means on said guide means for engagement of a lastV
ed therein adjacent' said anvil means for arcuate move
ment in a vertical plane substantially parallel to the lon
gitudinal axis of said housing and having a hook, trigger
inserted cartridge means for retaining said cartridge means 60
means inV said housing adjacent said hammer means and
in said guide means; lever means pivotally mounted in said
having a hook thereon engageable with said hammer hook,
housing' and having a handle portion extending outwardly
and pawl means having a lost-motion connection with said
therefrom for selective manual operation thereof; ejector
chute means on said door means and extending inwardly
hammer means and said anvil means for translating arcu
ate back-and-forth movement of said hammer means into
of said housing, said chute means being arcuately curved 65 an
intermittent rot-ary motion of said anvil means; and
and communicating between said guide means and anV
upper region of said breech portion, and ejector means
connected to said lever means and said guide means and
responsive to pivotal movement of said lever means for
wherein said hammer means includes a projection extend
ing transversely therefrom for engagement thereof by said
extension of said lever means so that selective arcuate
movement in a downward direction of said lever means is
disengaging said last inserted cartridge means from said 70
transl-ated into a rearward arcuate movement of said
retaining means, ‘whereby said last inserted cartridge
means is biased outwardly of said guide means and into
said chute means.
'
k2. A toy gun comprising a substantially hollow housing
hammer means for releasably latching said hook of said
hammer means with said hook of said trigger means for
cooking said hammer means.
` V5. A toy gun comprising: a housing simulating a riile
simulating a ríile and having a breech portion with au 75 having a breech portion andA a hollow barrel portion, said
3,075,511
ately curved and communicating between said guide means
and an upper region of said breech portion, ejector means
breech portion having an opening, said hollow barrel hav
ing an open inner end and a closed outer end; cartridge
means slidingly insert-able into said inner end of said barrel
connected to said lever means and said guide means and
Aresponsive to pivotal movement of said lever means for
disengaging said last inserted cartridge means from said
retaining means whereby said last inserted cartridge means
is biased outwardly of said guide means and into said
portion; a spring-urged door means hingedly secured on
said breech portion adjacent said barrel portion for clos
ing said opening, said door means being swingable in
wardly of the housing for selective manual insertion of
chute means; said breech portion of said housing includ
said cartridge means into said barrel portion; spring
ing an open top communicating with said chute means,
means in said barrel portion having one end bearing
and a breech cover means slidingly disposed on said hous.
against said cartridge means and another end bearing 10 ing
for longitudinal linear movement thereof; and means
against said closed outer end when said cartridge means
connecting said lever means land said breech cover means
are inserted in said barrel portion so as to bias said
cartridge means towards said inner end of said barrel;
retaining means adjacent said open end of said barrel for
engagement of a last inserted cartridge means for re
and responsive to pivotal movement of said lever means
'for translating pivotal movement of said lever means into
15 a linear movement of said breech cover means rearwardly
taining said cartridge means in said barrel; lever means
pivotally mounted in said housing and having a handle
relative to said housing for selectively covering and un~
covering said open top whereby disengaged cartridge
means are ejected outwardly of said housing.
9‘. A toy gun as in claim 8, including cap ñring means
ual operation thereof; chute .means on said door means
and extending inwardly of said housing, said chute means 20 in said breech portion of said housing and having a ro
tatable anvil for supporting percussive caps; and means
being arcuately curved and communicating between said
connecting said lever means and said cap tiring means for
inner end of said barrel and an upper region of said
translating arcuate motion of said lever means into an
breech portion; and ejector means connected to said lever
rotary motion of said anvil means.
means and said guide means and responsive to pivotal 25 intermittent
10. A toy gun as in claim 9, wherein said cap tiring
movement of said lever means `for disengaging said last
means includes a cap supporting means pivotally mount
inserted cartridge means from said retaining means where
ed in said breech portion for pivotal movement upwardly
by said last inserted cartridge means is biased outwardly
and outwardly of the housing for loading of caps on said
or' said barrel and into said chute means.
cap supporting means and wherein said breech cover
5. A toy gun, in accordance with claim 5, wherein said
«means includes a pair of discrete slide members longi
breech portion of said housing includes an open top com- u tudinally disposed on said housing for longitudinal move
municating with said chute means; and a breech cover
ment thereon, the rearmost of said slide members having
member slidingly disposed on said housing for longitudinal
va downwardly extending yoke in engagement with said
linear movement thereon and including means connecting
lever means for actuation thereof by said lever means for
portion extending outwardly therefrom for selective man
said lever means and said breech cover member and re
longitudinal movement rleative to said housing; manually
sponsive to pivotal movement of said lever means for
translating pivotal movement of said lever means into a
releasable latch means for releasably securing said rear
most of said slide members to the foremost of said slide
linear movement of said breech cover member rearwardly
members whereby longitudinal movement of said rear
relative to said housing for selectively covering and un
most of said slide members is transmitted to the fore
covering said open top, said open top being uncovered 40 most of said slide members, said latch means being re
by said last-mentioned means simultaneously with said
leasable for manually longitudinally retraeting said fore
disengagement of said last-mentioned cartridge means,
most slide member into a position overlying said rear
whereby said disengaged cartridge means is ejected out
most slide member of said breech cover means so as to
wardly of said housing through said openinv.
uncover said open top for manual pivoting of said cap
support means outwardly of said housing for cap loading
7. A toy gun in accordance with claim 6, including
cap-tiring means in said breech portion of said housing and 45 purposes.
ll. A toy gun comprising: a housing simulating a
having a rotatable anvil means for supporting percussive
caps; and means connecting said lever means and said
cap-tiring means for translating arcuate motion of said
lever means into an intermittent rotary motion of said
anvil means Íor advancing said anvil means.
8. A toy gun comprising: -a housing simulating a rilie
having a breech portion having an opening and a hollow
barrel portion having au open inner end and a closed
outer end; cartridge means slidingly insertable into said
barrel portion; guide means in said breech portion ad
jacent said barrel portion for guiding insertion of said
cartridge means into said barrel portion; a spring-urged
riñe and having a barrel and a breech portion at the rear
of said barrel; tiring means on said housing for sirrlulaiing
the tiring of a riiie; a manually operable pivoted coclring
lever for cooking said tiring means; a trigger `for actuating
said cocked tiring means; a hollow magazine ñrtedly
mounted relative to said housing; a plurality of simulated
cartridges in said magazine; and an ejector means operable
by movement of said cooking lever in cooking said tiring
means for sequentially ejecting single cartridges directly
from said magazine through said breech portion to the
exterior of said housing at the rear of said barrel upon
repeated actuations of said lever.
door means hingedly secured on said breech portion ad
l2. A toy gun as deiined in claim ll wherein said
jacent said barrel portion for closing -said opening, said 60 simulated cartridges are arranged in a row in said maga
door means being swingable inwardly of the housing for
zine; said ejector means comprising resilient means
selective manual insertion of said cartridge means into
engaging one end of said row and urging said row in
said guide means and thereby into said barrel portion;
ejecting direction; means restraining the endmost car
spring means in said barrel portion and having one end
tridge at the other end of said row against movement by
bearing against said cartridge means and another end 65 said resilient means; and means operable by said leve-r
bearing against said closed outer end when said cartridge
'ttor releasing only said endmost cartridge from said
means are inserted into s id barrel portion so as to bias
restraining means.
13. A toy gun as defined in claim ll including an ejec
means on said guide means for engagement of a last in
tion opening in said breech portion; a movable cover for
serted cartridge means tor retaining said cartridge means 70 said opening; means 'for moving said cover to open posi
in said guide means; lever means pivotally mounted in
tion upon actuation of said lever; and means for directing
said cartridge means towards said guide means; retaining
said housing and having a handle portion extending out
wardly therefrom for selective manual operation thereof;
ejector chute means on said door means and extending
inwardly of said housing, said chute means being arcu
an ejected simulated cartridge from said magazine through
said ejection opening.
(References on following page)
.121'y
'
3,675,511"
References Ciîed in the i’ìle of this patent
2,578,029 `
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,729,011
861,632
1,229,693
1,353,696
2,321,077
2,527,254
Brader _______________ -„ July 30,
Schulze ______________ __ Mar, 27,
Abramowitz __________ „_ Sept. 21,
Gora et al _____________ __ June 8,
Hjelm _______________ __ Oct. 24,
1907
1917 5
1920
1943
1950
2,758,585
2,808,672
2,853,990 .
v2,857,699 n
2,887,889
Ahmanson ___________ -_ rDec. 11, 1951
Frye __________________ __ Ian. 3, 1956
Fields _______________ _- Aug. 14, 1956
Peters ________________ __ Oct. 8, 1957
Haley _______________ _„ Sept. 30, 1953
Weîmer ______________ __, Oct. 28, 1958
Nichols ______________ _- May 26, 195,9
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