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Патент USA US3075579

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Jan» 29, 1963
3,075,569
R. BLUMBERG ETAL
LENGTH MEASURING AND MARKING APPARATUS
Filed May 25, 1959
4 Sheets-Sheet l
amém,
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JNVENToRs
ATTORNEYS
Jan- 29, 1963
R. BLUMBERG ETA».
3,075,569
LENGTH MEASURING AND MARKING APPARATUS
Filed May 25, 195s
4 sheets-sheet A2
Fig. 3A
INVENTORS
RICHARD BLUMBERG
BY GEORGE M003;
ATToRNgYs
Jan- 29, 1963
R. BLUMBERG ETAL
A 3,075,569
LENGTH MEASURING AND MARKING APPARATUS
Filed May 25, 1959
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
RICHARD BLUMBERG
BY GEORGE MOORE
@Lowa/«dw
ATTORN EYS
Jan. 29, 1963
3,075,569
R. BLUMBERG ETAL
LENGTH MEASURING AND MARKING APPARATUS
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
Filed May 25, 1959
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To Switch
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222
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236
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238
230
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INVENTORS
RICHARD BLUMBERG
BY GEORGE MooRE
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3
d.
of strip 4d) is best transferred to strip dit thereby moving
said strip into position for sequential ejectment.
attached to a rod 13d by fasteners 132 and 134. A rec
tangular recess or hole 137 in table 13 is normally
Continued rotation of wheel 42 urges strip 40 over
guide means 63 which is secured to support 12 by means
of bolts '70, '72 and 7d. Heating means '76 above guide
means 63 is provided to activate the adhesive layer on
labels 16 should such be needed. Continued forward
covered by goods passing thereover and under wheel
192 thereby preventing feeler member 126 from falling
into hole 137.
As soon as goods no longer pass under
wheel 102, feeler member 126 drops into hole 137 thereby
rotating shaft
in an arc of approximately twenty
degrees. Grasping claw 136 with gear engaging teeth
135 is secured at the opposite end of shaft 13h. Thus
motion of strip liti ñnally urges successive labels 16 over
guide means 68 and onto the surface of the material
being measured and marked, the reversal of direction 10 claw 136 is rotated for twenty degrees and engages gear
and bending around the sharp corner of guide means 68
and adhesion of a portion of the tacky undersurface of
a label 16 to the goods causing the separation of a
given label 16 from strip 4t). Roller 69 with connecting
14th which is secured to shaft 1M thereby restraining
shaft 15M from rotation and halting the rotation of wheel
162. The immediate stopping action is important for
precise lmeasurement when as in FIG. 4 the rotation of
arm '71 pivoted to support 12 at ‘73 momentarily bears 15 wheel 1%2 is translated through shaft 164 to a counter
against a newly ejected label to insure complete adhesion
1452 by means or” a counter shaft 11M- coupled -to shaft
to the goods being measured and marked.
164- with coupling 146.
Backing 22 travels under guide member 65, then around
rEhe rotation of shaft 104 (by rotation of sensing
the under portion of wheel d2, around roller ¿i8 and then
wheel 1112) is translated to yarm 95 and nub ltitl of hub
to roll ’76 where it is collected for disposal. Roll ’76 is 20 d4 by means of a gearing system con-tained within hous
mounted on shaft ’78 which is driven by a continuous
ing 1d which actuates a solenoid which actuates arm 96.
coil spring 80. Coil spring 80 extends about a portion
of hub h1 which is drivingly connected to shaft 73 and
Gear 14o is directly coupled to shaft 104 at 14d and
so is rotated by said shaft 13d. Gear 14€?` meshes with
gear 15€? which has a gear 152 coupled thereto through a
within a curved slot located below the hubbed circumfer
ential surface of wheel 42. ln this manner rotation of 25 common shaft 15d extending through wall 110. Gear
wheel 42 is transferred to hub 81, to shaft 78 and thence
152 meshes with gear 156 which has a plate 158 coupled
to take-up roll ’76 thereby effecting a positive winding
thereto. Mounted on plate 158 is a nnb 161i which re
of backing 22. By its nature coil spring Sti is a driving
volves with said plate 158. When nub 160` contacts a
-belt which will slip when a certain degree of friction
lever of microswitch 162, said microswitch 162 closes a
is developed as against the surface of hub S1. Thus, 30 circuit 164 with leads 166 `and 168 which travel to
backing 22 will not be wound too tightly on roll 76.
solenoid 17@ thereby initiating the stroke of arm 96
The entire housing 12 with its associated components
against nub 10i). Gears 14d, 15d, 152 and 156 are so
is pivotally secured to a rear wall 32 by means of a hub
interrelated that nnb 160 will make a single revolution
84 secured to wall 82 with bolt 86 as shown in FIGS. l
which corresponds to the passage of a predetermined
and 3. A fine adjustment bolt S8 with associated nut 35 length of goods under wheel 162. Thus, the cranking
90 projects through wall 92 of housing 14 and bears
0f arm 96 is actuated by the passage of a predetermined
against wall 9d- of support 12. In this manner guide
length or" goods under wheel 102.
means 68 may be precisely positioned in relation to the
llt is essential that nub 16@ be so positioned in relation
goods being measured and marked by merely adjusting
to microswitch 162 that the iirst label 16 ejected be añixed
bolt 8S to raise or lower support 12. Such adjustment
to the goods -at a distance from the leading end of the
is important as thicker or thinner goods are moved past
goods equal to the predetermined distance between sub
the apparatus.
sequently añ‘ixed labels (as determined by the rotation
Wheel 42 is intermittently rotated by means of the
of nub 169). In other words nub 16€) must be “zeroed
stroke of arm 96 with a scoop 9S (FIG. 5 and FIG. 8)
in.” rl`his is `accomplished by zero reset device 172
which urges the internal nub 10@ of hub 4d downwardly 45 (FIG. 4). Reset device 1.72 comprises a handle 174
for a predetermined distance. When returning to its
and a central stem or shaft 17o which extends through
original position on the return stroke, arm 96, because of
gear 156 and wall 11@ and is held therebetween by means
the shape of scoop 98, bears against a new nub 160 at
of iiange 17S. Attached to stem 176 are a plurality of
an acute angle. In this manner, wheel 42 is successively
grabbing members 18o whose bases are ñexibly biased by
rotated thereby successively applying labels 16 to the
a spring 182 against a bushing 184 disposed about shaft
goods being measured and marked.
176. Spokes 136 extend from a collar 177 and are tele~
The remainder of the present device is essentially de
scoped over shaft 176 and project over a spring clutch de
voted to the means for controlling and actuating arm 96
vice ltiâ (similar to 12d) which is slipped over said bush
at precise times to coincide with the predetermined dis
ing 184. Thus, if handle 17d» is inadvertently depressed
tances between labels 16 which are finally applied to 55 while the device is in operation, members 180 will rotate
the goods.
with plate 158 because of the slipping action of clutch
A sensing wheel 102 (FIGS. 3 and 4) mounted on shaft
1%. Claws 19@ are «attached to grabbing members 184i,
fritti is provided. Wheel 102 is mounted within housing
the claws 19d being adapted to engage fingers 192 project
1% and shaft 16d is mounted within housing 16S. One
ing from plate 15S. Thus, handle 174 may be depressed
end of housing 163 is secured to gear housing 11€) via 60 suíi'iciently so that claws 19d engage ñngers 192 of plate
lthreading at 112 whereas the other end of housing 168
15S. Handle 174 is then rotated by rotating plate 15S
is secured to housing 165 at 114. Shaft N4 is keyed
until nub 16h contacts microswitch 162 thereby actuating
at 116 to a bushing 11S which is frictionally and releasa
solenoid 17d which in turn causes a label 16 to be ejected.
bly secured to wheel 162 by’ means of a spring clutch
The apparatus is now adjusted to zero, handle 174 is re
126B. Thus when shaft 104 is restrained from rotation 65 .turned manually under the urging of spring 132 toits ini~
(as will be explained infra) wheel 102 will slip as against
tial position and goods may be fed under wheel 102. The
bushing 118 because of the action of spring clutch 12d.
ñrst label 16 will be aiîixed to the goods at a distance from
Shaft 164 is journaled in the movable races of bearings
122 and 124 and is further secured to bushing 118 via
Washer 127 and ñange 129'.
A stop means is provided for actuation when the
Imeasurement and marking of a roll of goods has been
completed. A feeler member 126 is provided (PEG. l
and PÍG. 3) adjacent to sensing wheel housing 165, said
feeler member 126 having an arm 1.28 which is pivotally`
the leading end of the goods equal to the predetermined
distance between subsequently ai'i'ixed labels.
70
Rollers 19d and 196 with an enveloping rubber belt 199
(FIG. l) may be positioned beneath feeler wheel 102 to
enhance the contact between the goods being measured
and marked and wheel 1tì'2, the goods flowing between
said wheel and said rollers. This iiow of goods is caused
by conventional feeding means not shown in the drawing.
3,075,569.
Roller 194 is rotatively attached at 198 to arm 200 which
is pivotally attached `at 202 to base 204. Roller 196 is r0
tatively attached at 266 to an arm 298 which -is secured
at 21d to a plate which is fastened to base 264.
Plate 1558 has a tooth 214 therein which is adapted to
receive a pawl 2i6 which is pivotally secured to housing
1_4 at 218. Thus, plate 158 can be rotated only in a clock
wise direction as best shown in FIG. l.
When nub 160 contacts microswitch 162 a circuit is
6
interposed gears 140, 156, 152 and 136. When nub
160 makes a full revolution it momentarily contacts a
lever of microswitch 162 thereby closing circuit 16a.
Solenoid 1'76` is activated thereby actuating arm 224B with
associated rack 222, pinion 231i, crank 233 and ñnally
causes arm 96 to make a stroke against a nub Idil. ln
this manner wheel 42 is rotated a predetermined distance
as controlled by locating member 242. Thus, the label
16 marked with a “3” is moved onto the goods at a
precise
time. Because of the tacky undersurface of said
10
momentarily made (until the rotation `of plate 158 carries
label 16, any slight contact with the material causes
nnb 160 past microswitch 162). Solenoid 179 (FIG. 5)
the label 16 to be carried along therewith and under
roller 69 to insure complete adhesion. By virtue of the
left as viewed in FIG. 5. Secured ‘to arm 22€? is rack 222
aforesaid action, the label marked “6” has been advanced
with a serrated lower edge 224. Rack 222 has a spring
to ñrst position. When nub 160 again makes a full rev
226 secured thereto at 22e’ which urges rack 222 to the 15 olution (3 yards later) microswitch 162 is contacted
right when solenoid 170 is not activated. Serrated edge
thereby activating solenoid 170 and the cycle is repeated.
224 of rack 222 meshes with pinion 230 (FIG. 8) which
When the end of the material has been reached, feeler
is positioned between bearing extensions 2.32 and 234 of
member 126 drops into hole 137 thereby causing claw
a bearing block. A further plate 235 is positioned be
136 to engage gear 14€) to restrain shaft 104 from rota
tween supp‘ort 12 and block 232. Pinion 23d is secured 20 tion and thereby tend to halt the rotation of sensing wheel
to la shaft 236 passing therethrough. One end of shaft
102. This immediate stopping action is necessary when
236 is rotatively secured in bearing block 234 whereas
ever shaft 104 is coupled to shaft 144 of counter 142,
secured to the other end thereof is a crank 238 to which
for otherwise the continued rotation of shaft 104i after
is pinned at 24% arm 96 with scoop 9S.
the end of the material has been reached will make count
A locating member 242 is provided which slips between 25 er 142 give a high reading. The sudden stopping force
nubs 16d. Member 242 is resiilently biased against and
applied to Wheel 1ß2 and the consequential twisting ac
between said nubs by a spring 245i which is tensioned
tion on shaft 1624 is inhibited by the action of spring
around grooved member 246. Thus, when wheel 42 is
clutch 129 which permits Wheel 102 to slip freely on
advanced by arm 96, member 242 is urged outwardly
bushing 11S thereby expending its torque.
30
(FIG. 7) by the movement of nubs 1%. However,
Should reset device handle 174 be inadvertently de
member' 242 then slips between the next pair of nubs
pressed while shaft 16A is turning gears 14€?, 15d, 152
lo@ thereby effecting a constant and controlled move
and 156, members 186 thereof will rotate with plate 15S
ment of wheel 42.
because of the slipping action of clutch 188. ln this
A by-pass switch 243 is provided on housing 14. This
manner said gears will be protected from the otherwise
switch makes a circuit which by-passes circuit 164 and 35 harmful grabbing action of members 180.
instead is directly connected to solenoid 170. Thus, a
Obviously, many modifications and variations of the
-is activated to cause arm or plunger 22@ to move to the
given number of labels 16 may be ejected by merely
present invention are possible in light of the above teach
pressing switch 243 several times. In this manner the
ings.
labels may be successively ejected until a label with the
It is, therefore, to be understood that within the scope
desired numeral printed thereon is in position to be 40 of the appended claims the invention may be practiced
ejected onto the goods to be measured and marked. An
otherwise than as specifically described.
off-on switch 250 with a bulb indicator (not shown) is
What is claimed as the invention is:
provided on housing 14.
l. Apparatus for measuring and labelling linear yard
The operation of device 1d is as follows:
goods at predetermined intervals comprising a feeding
45
The material to be measured and marked is threaded
wheel of annular shape having inner and outer diameters,
between sensing wheel 102 and lower rollers 194» and
a plurality of guiding pins projecting from said outer di
196. Guide means 63 is precisely positioned in rela
ameter and a plurality of actuating pins projecting from
tion to said goods by adjustment of bolt SS. A strip 4t?
said inner diameter, means for feeding a measuring strip
having labels 16 is led from roll 18 under and against
to said feeding wheel, said strip having spaced apertures
50
rolls 26 and 28, is then threaded upon wheel 42 (about
adapted to cooperate with and be motivated by the ro
hubs 44), is then led about a portion of roller 46 and
tation of said feeding wheel, measuring means adapted
around guide means 68. At this point the labels 16
to motivate said actuating pins for intermittently rotat
should be removed from backing 22 and said backing
ing said feeding Wheel, said measuring means including
22 led around the under portion of wheel 42 (about hubs
a sensing wheel rotatable by said linear goods adapted
44), around roller 4S and then to’ roll 76 where it is
to intermittently motivate said actuating pins where y
collected for disposal. Switch 25@ is turned on to pro
ia portion of said strip is intermittently advanced onto said
vide a supply of current to the circuits of the device
goods at predetermined intervals.
when such are completed. Heating means ’76 is then
2. The apparatus of claim l wherein said strip is initi
turned on. By-pass switch 243 is depressed several times
ally Wound in a spindleless roll supported on roller means.
to successively actuate solenoid 17o thereby causing an 60
3. The apparatus of claim l wherein said strip corn
ejectrnent of labels until a label with the desired numeral
prises detachable labels and includes a removable backing
printed thereon is second in position to be ejected onto
adapted to be separated from said detachable labels when
said material. in one embodiment a label was to be
said detachable labels are intermittently advanced onto
ejected every three yards. Hence the label carrying the
said goods, said backing thereafter being guided by guide
numeral “3” thereon is in second position to be ejected 65 means over certain of said guiding pins and then being
with a label marked “6” in third position to follow three
wound by roll means revolvably secured to and actuated
yards later. Reset handle 174i is then depressed and
by said feeding wheel.
turned until nub 160 contacts microswitch 162 thereby
4. The apparatus of claim l wherein a resiliently biased
actuating solenoid 17d which causes the label in first posi
tion to be ejected and the label marked “3” is thereby 70 locating member bears against and is seated between
certain of said guiding pins whereby said locating mem
advanced to ñrst position and the device is precisely cali
ber may be urged from its seated position by the inter
brated.
mittent rotation of said feeding wheel and will return to
The material is then advanced by feeding means un
its seated position between at least one dit‘r'erent guiding
der sensing wheel N2 thereby causing shaft 104 to rotate
which in turn causes the rotation of plate 158 through 75 pin when said feeding wheel no longer moves.
3,075,569
5. The apparatus of claim 1 including a system of gears
adapted to be activated by movement of said sensing
Wheel and adapted to activate said feeding wheel.
6. The apparatus of claim 5 including solenoid means
motivated by said system of gears, said solenoid means
tion of said shaft whereby said sensing wheel will slip
relative to the halted shaft permitting the sensing wheel
to rotate with respect to the shaft.
Refes‘eilces Cited in the tile of this patent
motivating crank means adapted to activate said feeding
wheel.
UNITED STATES PATENTS
’
7. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said sensing wheel
327,540
Eisenhart _____________ -_ Oct. 6, i885
is mounted'on a shaft secured in a flange, said wheel being
adapted to rotate said shaft, spring clutch means inter- 10
731,702
Monforts ___, _________ __ June 23, 1903
1,949,158
Gay _________________ __ Feb. 27, 1934
V571,780
Canada ______________ __ Mar. 3, 1919v
posed between said sensing wheel and said ñange and a
feeler member adapted to instantaneously stop the rota
FOREIGN PATENTS
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