close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3075745

код для вставки
Jan. 29, 1963
H. G. sKlNNER
3,075,735
HANDLE OR RACK DEVICE WITH MOLDED ENDS
Filed Dec. 5. 1960
HnAIÉP
INVENTOR
ßálëßé'/ 67 SHN/VE?
á ATTORNEYJ
United States Patent() MlC€
3,d75,735
Patented dan. 29, 1963
l
2
3,075,735
>FIGURE 9 is a perspective view of the end of a cross
bar used in »the device of FIGURE 8.
HANDLE 0R RACK DEVICE WITH MOLDED ENDS
Referring to FIGURES l to 3 of the drawings, a
handle or rack device 10 is illustrated therein suitable
land Plastics Company, Inc., Latrobe, Pa., a corpora
for a stove door, towel rack, or any of the other in
tion of Pennsylvania
numerable supporting surfaces 11 to which device 1@
Filed Dec. 5, 1960, Ser. No. 73,824
may be applied for grasping by a hand or for the hold
6 Claims. (Cl. 248-251)
ing of an article depending upon the service in which the
This invention relates to a handle or rack device with
device is employed. Device 10 comprises a pair of
molded ends to receive the extremities of a bar and 10 molded ends 12 in opposed right-hand and left-hand
serve, for example, either as a handle for anything re
positions and a bar 13 having its extremities 14 respec
quiring it, such as a stove oven or other door or a drawer,
tively concealed in such ends and held by machine screw
or as an article holding rack or bar spaced from a sup
fastenings 15. The fastenings 15 are respectively secured
porting means, while at the same time presenting an
to and extend between support 11 and the extremities of
attractive appearance. More particularly, this invention 15 bar 13 to fasten assembly 10 together, to secure it to
relates to molded ends, preferably one-piece, of a suit
support 11 and to do such, in the illustrated embodiment7
able moldable material such as plastic, glass, or other
without the use of threads in the molded ends 12 and to
material, said ends being adapted to receive a bar and
place such ends, which as shown are made of thermo
Harvey G. Skinner, Ligonier, Pa., assigner to Westmore
be placed, preferably by concealed means, generally in
setting plastic, in compression in respect of an integral
compression.
20 front wall portion 16 in such ends positioned between
Under my invention, handle or rack devices may
support 11 and bar »1-3 and spacing the same. More
readily be provided in which a member called a bar
over, ends 12 can be mass produced by regular molding
herein and adapted to be grasped by a hand or to hold
of plastic powder using comparatively simple die mem
an article is mounted in spaced relation to a supporting
bers having substantially straight line relative movement
surface by means of molded ends. Such ends, more 25 between the cavity and force die components, without
over, conceal the extremities of the bar which usually
requiring alternate or side coring die actions.
has a cross section at such extremities at least conforming
Each end 12 is identical although each of a pair in
to the cross sectional configuration of the horizontal
device 10 are faced in opposite directions as shown for
cooperation with bar 13. End 12 comprises a one-piece
aperture in the molded ends. Such molding, moreover,
by virtue of the new construction described herein is 30 molding of a suitable plastic which is rigid when curing
performable by a regular molding action utilizing a
cavity and force die straight line movement without
alternate or side coring being necessary even though the
molded ends have openings thereinto including said
is completed and which may also be thermoplastic in
nature. End 12 comprises the front wall 16, a back wall
17, a top Wall 18 and side walls 19, all integral with
type or glass materials, and places the ends in compression
under which they are generally stronger as compared
with their relative strength in tension.
molding die cavity by straight die force members co
operating with that die cavity to produce the vertical
one another and preferably with rounded outside corners
aperture which are at right angles to each other. More 35 and pleasing configuration selected in accordance with
the artistry of the die designer. Front wall 16 in the
over, if desired, the bar used with such ends is preferably
tubular and may be pierced at its extremities to provide
embodiment of FIGURES 1 to 3 is provided with a
internal collared openings therein which are tapped to
vertical hole 2t) extending from the bottom edge 21 to
engage fastening screws or bolts passing through the
the top edge 22 thereof for the accommodation of the
cavity in such ends to place such ends substantially in 40 shank of screw 15. A vertically straight cavity 23 ex
compression when the assembly is complete and the
tends between the rear face 24 of front wall 16 and
screws or bolts tightened against the supporting surface.
the inside 25 of back wall 17 and between the insides
Moreover, such cooperation of bar and molded ends
26 of the side walls 19, and vertically between the bot
avoids the need for the use of threading in such ends, a
tom of end 12 and the underside 27 of top wall 18.
marked advantage when such ends are made of plastic 45 Cavity 23 and hole 20 are producible in a compression
hole 20 and cavity 23, respectively, at one and the same
time.
rack devices of this invention will be apparent from the 50 A front edge 2S extends transversely between the in
following description and the accompanying drawings,
sides of the side walls 19 and terminates in a forward di
which are illustrative only, in which
rection in substantially vertical alignment with the rear
FIGURE l is a view in plan, partly in section, of a y
most portion of the rear face 24 of front Wall 16. The
handle or rack device taken along line I-I of FIGURE 2;
side walls 19 include forwardly and downwardly sloping
FIGURE 2 is a View in elevation of the embodiment ' portions 29 ygenerally in the plane of the sides 19 which
illustrated in FIGURE 1 taken generally along line
extend from front edge 28 to the front face 30 of front
II-II of FIGURE l;
wall 16. Thus, each end 12 includes a longitudinally and
FIGURE 3 is a view taken along line III-III of
horizontally extending aperture 31 from the top edge 22
FrGURE z;
of front wall 16 to the underside 27 of top wall 18, trans~
FIGURE 4 is a plane view of the left-hand side of 60 versely between the insides 216 of side walls 19 and rear
a modified embodiment of this invention, the right-hand
wardly substantially to the inside 25 of back wall 17.
portion being omitted for simplicity of illustration;
The rear end of the horizontal aperture 31 intersects the
FIGURE 5 is a view in elevation of the modified
upper end of the vertical cavity 23 and they are at
embodiment portion shown in FIGURE 4;
right angles to one another and open out through cor
FIGURE 6 is a view of the modified embodiment por
" responding portions of the end 12 even though the end
Other objects, features and advantages of handle and
tion taken along line VI-VI of FIGURE 5;
FIGURE 7 is a View of the right-hand Side of a still
further embodiment of this invention, the left»hand por
12 is produced by a molding operation employing vertical
die movements only. Instances in this description of
the use of terms such as vertical, horizontal, longitudinal,
transverse, and the like, are to be understood as being
FIGURE 8 is a view of another embodiment partly in 70 relative to one another, rather than being any absolute
section similar to that shown in the fright-hand end Of
orientation based on the plane of the earth’s surface in
tion being omitted for simplicity of illustration;
FIGURE 2; and
`
^
the locality where used.
8,075,735
4
3
Bar lô'preferably is'made of" metal or other suitable
strength material. As‘shown- in- the illustrated embodi
ment, it is of tubular shapeand regular cross section,
although it may assume innumerable shapes longitudinally
vertically straight internal cavity 23”, front wall 16” hav
vingno vertical hole therethrough and the rear face24”
thereof being on the forwardrside of a fastener 15" in
between its extremities 1‘4 and/ or in cross section; more
over, it may be solid’rather than tubular. The4 tubular ‘
the form of a Phillips-headed wood screw. inasmuch
as support 11" is in the form of a heavy wood panel
or` of a relatively thick wall, fastener 1S” is. inserted
shape as shown may be extruded or otherwiseA formed
and cut to the desired‘length for the selected embodi
ment of device 10. The cross sectionof’extremities 14>
through the upper side 60 of’bar, 13" through a counter
sunk punched hole 6.1 therein,_the fastener 15" also. ex
tending through a hole 62 in the underside 32” of bar
matches andiíits the cross section ofthe aperture 31 10 13". Fastener _15Í’ extends through cavity/.23" in juxta
position to face 24"' so that front wall 16" is put in corn
sufficiently closely to present ,aV pleasing fit and’ appear
pression when- screw 1S” is tightened in support 11",
ance when the device is put together with extremities,
holding device> 11’ in* attractive,l assembled- rigid condi
14 and the openinterior Yof`bar „13 at those extremities
tions, for the purposes and with advantages described
concealed Awithin the respective ends 12 'and 'slightly spaced
above-in connectionßwith’devices 1tlf-and110'. While endsl
from faces 25 to allow for whatever expansion of bar 13»r
12", as` with ends 12'and -12', are'made of moldable
may occur in use;
material, advantage inures-to the construction whetherl
The underside 32' of bar 13 at its extremities is pierced‘
or not such ends are made of a- moldable material or
at 3\3„in vertical registry with the respective holes 20’to
of a material lwhich'is'not moldable.
provide a collar 34 deiining an opening which is ,tapped
Another embodiment ‘is’ illustrated'in- FIGUR-ES 8>~ and
to produce female threads to engage the male threads 20
9 showing one end -‘only of a symmetrical handleor rack
at the inner ends of the fasteners 15; When those fas
device of this invention. Therein, parts corresponding
teners 15 are pushed throughrholes 3'5 in the support 11'
generally‘inV constructionV andA functioningto parts illus
in registry with the holes 20 andthe collared openings 33
trated in the embodiment of FIGURES 1 to 3" arel pro
and the screwslS yare tightened, device 10 is completely
assemble-d with the extremities 14 of bar 13' concealed," 25 vided respectiveìy with-thesame reference numeral ~with
the addition'theredofïa su?‘ix letter “ai” The`embodi
with bar 13 spaced a, predetermined' suitable distance.
ment of :FIGURES 8» and'9"enables^a~b‘ol~t'5t) h‘avir'igafrom support 11, with the fastening means concealed,"
head> 51» suchas a Ahexagonal ‘head’ to-be‘ utlizedlin- ‘device~
with at least the front wall 16 of'the ends 12 in com
10a, with~ headr 5'1l concealedH Within' bar 13a and* heldrk
pression clamped between bar_.13fy andsupport 11, and.V
with _thecnds 12~free of'weakened parts such as threaded 30 when assembled so that bolt 50 will'not‘turn-‘whenl a
nut 52~is applied ito'the’b‘olt’to- secureit and` device 16a
sections. Moreover, the ends 12in plan provide a subto a supportingisurface 11a.A vThe underside ofeachex
stantialfooting defined by the bottom edgeof the verti
cal walls so that the-resulting rack or handle device is,
tremity of :cross bar- 13a is shaped as shown in FIGURE'
9'by lany suitable shapingoperation such as die-stamping,
attractive, stable,vtighttand secure. and relativelyy inex
pensive to produce and to put together. These advan 35 to prepare’it as a‘cooperating' element’in'the 'combination
16a. Such shaping` of’eachv end of‘bar V13mv provides a~
tages are of considerable importance in large. numbers
slot 53 opening through’th'e` end of thebar and ’internally
of commercial applications to Whichthisinvention is
raised lands' 54 having angled’ ends 55J to engage corre
applicable.
In the modified embodiment illustrated inFIGURES
4 to 6„inclusive, parts thereof corresponding generally
sponding faces of the bolt head' 51 togpreventeits turning»
inthe assembled device as‘theisecuring nut 521is applied
to the threaded end of the bolt 50 in an assembled arrange
in construction and functioning toY parts in the-above
ment-such' as that illustrated in FIGURE 8. In such’as
described embodiment of FIGURESI to 3, are provided:
sembling, the shank of‘bolt S0.` is entered‘in` holeA 20a`
with the same reference numeralswith the addition- ofY
and the b'olthead 51 raised enoughv to clear the tops’of'
a prime accent thereto.- Inthe embodiment of FIGURES
4 to 6, bar 13' is generally ova-loid.in cross section and 45 the lands 54'as the respective extremity of -bar 13ay is
shoved'into position in horizontal aperture 31a'in" end>
tubular and may be formedby rollingproducing a seam
50 on> the underside- thereof or it-may be extruded so
12a. Thereupon, theV boltdrops (see FIGURE- 8) so
as to be seamless, or‘otherwise fashioned;,or the bar--
that respective vertical faces of î`head 51' engage the re
For the sake of appearance, or otherwise, device 10'-
nut and/ or a lock-washeroroth'er means may be placed
tainer ends 55 of "those lands and,` the assembly `at‘that end
may be solid. Ifsolid, the- respective threadedopening
33’ therein would-be drilled and tapped in the underside 50 of device 10a is completedby the application and tight
ening of nut’52. If desired, vnut 52 may be a lock-type
thereof in registry> with-thehole 20’ infront walltlóf.
between nut 52 and support‘lla; Such embodiment of
FIGURES 8' and 9«-thus enables conventional bolt and nuts>
of ‘a longitudinakcenter line, as isfthecase with the ends'
12.' and bar 13' of the' modified embodiment. While 55 to be utilizedy and achieves advantages ,of- this_invention.
While the molded ends of the;illustrated embodiments
that embodiment is-symmetrical‘to, each side of its trans
have been discussed interms principally ofthe useof
verse median plane, the-ends12’ instead of 'being identi
ithermosetting plastic shaped by- compression or other
cal, are mirror images ofone-another at the respective
may be somewhat asymmetrical to the respective sides
extremities of» device 10', although they also maybe
molding` or shaping, certain thermoplastic» plastics form
ance purposes ork other reasons, as may be desired.
able in_practices .of this invention.
Indeed, itk Willibe understood that‘various’materials
other than plastic .may be utilized in practicing ,this in
unlike Within the teaching. of the invention for appear-` 60 able byfinjection molding or other means are also utiliz
As
shown-.in FIGURE 4„ frontwall-ló' isthinner for the
saving of material »in .the portion thereof away from hole
20’.
This modified embodiment< servesV also to illustrate
that=a wide range of changes may be made in providing> 65
embodiments of» this invention, Device 10' is put> to-gether and serves in the manner disclosed above incon-A
nection »with embodiment V10.
A `still further embodiment is Villustrated in FIGURE
7 Íwhich for simplification of illustrationshows only the 70
right-hand side of device 10'?, the parts of which corre-v
sponding generally-in construction and functioningto the
parts illustrated yin theforegoing embodiments >being pro.-A
vided ,with `,the` same referencenumeralswith a double
vention„that various changes may bemade inthe illus
trated embodiments and still> other embodiments provided,
without departing` from the spiritjof my invention or` the
scope of the appended claims. .
I claim:
I. A handle vor rack device with, molded ends receiv
ing the respective extremities of aV bar, comprisingin
combinatiomatubnlar bar, ¿a .pair of molded ends in dp
posed- right and left hand‘positions, each kofsaid end_s ,be
ing»v a, one-piecemoldi'ng vof ,generally rigid ‘ plastic `having
a »front wall,l sidewalls, aback wall.. and .a top wall, said.
prime accent added thereto. VEnd 12” hasbut a single` 75 «top wall extending generally'horizontally Yfrom `said-back
3,075,735
5
wall to the rear face of said front wall, said front wall ex
tending from the bottom of said end to a position spaced
from the underside of said top wall a distance equal to
the height of said bar at its extremity, each end having
extending horizontally into each said end between the
top edge of said front wall and the underside of said top
wall and between the insides of said side walls to receive
and conceal the respective extremity of said bar, said aper
a vertically straight die molded cavity extending from its UI tures facing one another and each said extremity being in
Ibottom to the underside or" said top wall, a vertically
serted in its respective said aperture, whereby fastener
straight die molded hole in said front wall from its bot
means may be extended vertically through the interior of
toni edge to its top edge and in front of the front edge
said end to engage said bar and clamp said front wall be
of said top wall, said side walls integrally joining said
tween said bar and said support.
back, top and front walls and having portions sloping 10
4. A molded end to receive the respective extremity of
from the front edge of said top wall to the top edge of
a bar for a handle or rack device to lbe mounted on a
said front wall, said bar having extremities conforming in
support, comprising, a one-piece molding of moldable ma
cross section to the cross section of -a donned aperture in
terial having a front wall, side walls, a back wall and a
each end extending horizontally between the top edge oi
top wall, said top wall extending forwardly to a front
edge in vertical alignment with the rear face of said front
tween the insides of said side walls to receive and conceal
wall, said end having a vertically straight cavity extend
the respective extremity of said bar, said apertures fac
.ing from its bottom to the underside of said top wall, said
ing one another and said extremities being inserted in said
side walls integrally joining said back, top and front
apertures respectively, the underside oi' each said bar
walls, said front wall having a top edge at a position
adjacent its respective extremity having a vertically up 20 spaced a predetermined distance from the underside of
said front wall and the underside of said top wall and be
wardly extending tapped collared opening in registry with
said top wall and with the inner sides of said side walls
said hole, whereby a screw or bolt may be used to extend
through said hole to engage a support and said collared
opening to aiiix said bar to said ends and said handle or
and adapted to receive and conceal the respective ex
>rack device in place with said ends free of threaded por
deñning an aperture extending horizontally into said end
tremity of said bar.
5. A unitary end for a handle or rack device to receive
tions and generally in compression.
the respective extremity of a bar, comprising, a one-piece
2. Molded ends adapted to receive the respective ex
tremities of a bar for a handle or rack device, compris
article having a front wall, side walls, a back wall and a
top wall, said front wall, side walls and back wall hav
ing, in combination, a pair oi molded ends in opposed
ing their respective inner sides straight, said top wall ex
right and `left hand positions, each of .said ends being a 30 tending torwardly to a front edge in substantial vertical
one-piece molding of generally rigid moldable material
alignment with the rear face of said front wall, said end
having a front wall, side walls, a back wall and a top
having a vertically straight cavity extending from its bot
wall, said top wall extending forwardly substantially to
tom to the underside of said top wall, said side walls in
the rear face of said front wall, said front wall having a
tegrally joining said back, top and front Walls, said front
top edge at a position spaced a predetermined distance
wall having a top edge at »a position spaced a predeter
from the underside of said top wall, each end having a
mined distance Írorn the underside of said -top wall gen
vertically straight die molded cavity extending from its
erally equal to the height of said bar at its extremity and
bottom to the underside of said top wall, said front wall
said side walls spaced apart a distance generally equal to
having a vertically straight die molded passage inwardly
the width of said bar at its extremity, to define an aper
of the front ot said front wall from its bottom edge to its 40 ture extending horizontally into said end for said ex
tremity.
top edge and in front of the front edge of said top wall,
said side walls integrally joining said back, top and front
6. A handle or rack device as set forth in claim 3,
walls and having portions sloping from the front edge of
comprising, a securing bolt, said bar having the underside
said top wall to the top edge of said front wall, whereby
at the respective extremities of said bar shaped to pro
a fastener may be used to extend through said passage to
vide an open-ended slot for said bolt having a head,
engage a support and said bar to pull said bar against
shank and threaded end, and interiorly raised lands with
said top edge to iix said handle or rack device yin place.
angled ends to engage correspondingly angled faces of
3. A handle or rack device with molded ends receiving
the head of said bolt, whereby said bolt is concealed with
the respective extremities of a bar to -be mounted on a
in said bar and molded ends and has the threaded end
support, comprising, in combination, a bar, ya pair of 50 thereof projecting below said molded ends for the appli
straight line die molded ends in opposed right and left
cation of a securing nut to complete said device and hold
hand positions, each of said ends being a one-piece mold
said molded ends in compression.
ing of plastic having a front wall, side walls, a back wall
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
»and a top wall, said top wall extending from said back
wall to the rear face or" said front wall, said front wall
UNITED STATES PATENTS
having a top edge spaced a distance from the underside of
1,652,052
Rulrenbrod __________ __ Dec. 6, 1927
said top wall equal to the height of said bar at its ex
2,151,195
De Voe ______________ __ Mar. 21, 1939
tremity, each end having a vertically straight cavity ex
2,239,174
Thoresen ____________ a- Apr. 22, 1941
tending from its bottom to the underside of said top wall,
said side walls integrally joining said back, top and front 60
FORElGN PATENTS
walls, a bar with its respective extremity conforming in
538,794
italy ________________ ___ Jan. 3G, 1956
cross section to the cross section of a deñned aperture
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
632 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа