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Патент USA US3076446

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Feb. 5, .1963
D. o. NEWSOME
3,076,436
CATTLE OILER
Filed July 10, 1961
INVENTOR.
Donald 0. Newsome
BY
ATTORNEY
Bee
3,076,436
Patented Feb. 5., 1963
2
3,076,436
.FIG. 2 is an enlarged end view of one of the end
CATTLE OILER
Donald 0. Newsome, 302 E. Santa Fe, Garden City, Kans.
plates used on the cattle oiler of the invention.
FIG. 3 is an enlarged partial side elevation view par
6 Claims. ((11. 119-457)
tially cut away to show a preferred construction of the
'
Filed July 10, 1961, Ser. No.
122,825
cattle oiler of the invention.
This invention relates to a cattle oiler, and more par
ticularly to a new construction for holding and applying
oil, insecticide and the like, to cattle or other farm ani
mals.
,
FIG. 4 is a cross section view approximate in size
taken along line 4—4 of FIG. 3.
The following is a discussion and description of a
More particularly, the invention relates to a
preferred
speci?c embodiment of the new cattle oiler of
10
the
.
.
.
applied to the contacted portions of the animal.
15
Cattle oilers of various ‘constructions have been known '
in the prior art. The known devices are primarily elab
orate constructions for spraying or applying by contact
liquids of various types. These devices are complicated
in construction and expensive to make and use. Further 20
more, no construction has been provided in which it is
Also, the prior art devices are primarily ex
tremely long units which must be saturated with liquid
their entire length, and since only a portion of the oiler 25
‘is used at any one time,
secured thereto and extending from the outer side of the
a relatively large amount of the
liquid will not be used, but will only evaporate.
plate 14. The hook 16 is preferably mounted at the top
center portion of the plate 14 as shown. An aperture 18
In accordance with the present invention, "5 new cattle
‘oiler construction has been provided which overcomes the 30 is provided in the opposite or lower portion of the dia
mond shaped plate 14.
many difficulties of the prior art constructions. The cattle
A longitudinally extending slot 20 is cut in the topo'f
the pipe 12. The slot 20 preferably extends the major
length of the oiler 10, however, it can extend only a
35 portion thereof. A common wick 2.2 is provided and is
positioned within the reservoir formed by the pipe 12
and the end plates 14, and at least a portion of the wick
‘22 extends through the slot 20.
1 The oiler of the invention has a liquid containing reser
The pipe or tubular member ‘12 and the wick 22 with
voir or chamber. ‘Means-are provided for continually 40 the portion thereof extending from the tubular member
supplying liquid from the chamber to the exterior there
is wrapped with an absorbent material, such as a felt
of. 'A suitable fabric is secured to the oiler and receives
the, liquid.
When cattle
fabric 24 or the like. The felt material 24 preferably ex
'
tends the entire distance between the plates 14 at each end
45
the animal.
Accordingly it is an object of this invention to provide
a new and improved cattle oiler.
‘
' ‘ Another object of the invention is to provide a new
12 and a
felt material 24 can form wick 22, if desired.
lath or grating 26 surrounds
24 and holds it onto the tubular member 12.
50 metal material is preferred for the lath or grating 26, it
will be apparent to those skilled in the art that other
materials can also be used if desired.
The lath 26 permits liquid on the felt material 24 to
be evenly distributed around the circumference of the
55
material and does not impair to any extent the flow of
the liquid.
.e lath 26 can be, permanently secured
in this position by welds 15 which hold the tubular mem
ber 12 and the end plates 14. When this is done, a single
use with one or more animals at a time.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a 60 weld can be used to form the member'all at once.
new cattle oiler construction in which a tubular reservoir 7
receives the liquid and a felt member supplies the liquid
from the reservoir to ,a surrounding felt fabric, from
vwhich it is supplied ‘to a depending fabric member to be
applied directly to the animal. ‘
65
Various other objects, advantages, and features of the
drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a view showing a plurality of the cattle oil
ers of the invention secured to spaced posts.
of the tubular member 12 near'the plate
14, or it can be formed adjacent to the slot 20. Also,
a suitable opening can be provided by terminating the
70 felt 24 and the wick 22 short of the plate 14. The hole
28 can be covered if desired.
A rod 30 has been provided, which extends between
~
aowaeae
the plates 14 and is received by the apertures 18 in the
lower portion of the plate 14. The rod 30 is removably
While the invention has been described in connection
with a preferred speci?c embodiment thereof, it will be
understood that this description is intended to illustrate
mounted in the plates 14 in any suitable manner, such
as the cotter pins 32 shown in the drawings. An absorb
and not limit the scope of the invention, which is de?ned
ent material 34, which is preferably endless and extends
by the claims.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that vari
from one of theplates 14 to the other plate 14, surrounds
and is mounted on the rod 3%. The absorbent material
ous modi?cations of this invention can be made, or fol
lowed, in the light of this description and discussion,
without departing from the spirit of the disclosure or the
39. The apertures 18 in-the plates 14 are positioned
scope of the claims.
.so that when the rod 39 and the absorbent material 34 10 ’ I claim: ' i
34 is dimensioned so as to hang loosely from the rod
are in place thereon the absorbent material 34 will be
adjacent to and possibly even in slight contact with the
lath 26 and felt material 24 on the cylindrical portion
'l. A' cattle oiler comprising, in combination, an elon
gated tubular pipe having a longitudinally extending slot
of the oiler. The absorbent material 34 can be of any
type of material which readily and rapidly absorbs ?uids 15
therein at the top thereof, each end of said pipe being
closed by a vertically elongated diamond shaped metallic
plate rigidly secured thereto, each of said plates having
of the type being used, and a suitable material would
a hook secured near the top edge thereof on the outside
be a burlap sack material readily available on all farms
face of said plates, said plates each having an aperture
in the lower portion thereof, a flat elongated wick in
and ranches.
In operation, oil, insecticide or the like is poured into
said pipe and extending out of said pipe through said
20
the tubular member 12 and the reservoir therein until
slot, a felt material positioned around said pipe and
at least a portion of the wick 22 is covered. The device
extending the entire distance between said plates, and a
metal lath surrounding said felt and said pipe from one
The
oil
.means connecting the supports to the hook 16.
of said plates to the other of said plates to retain said
or insecticide solution in the reservoir will be supplied 25 felt thereon, said pipe having a ?ller hole in the top por
through the wick 22 to the felt material 24, and from
tion thereof adjacent one of said plates, a metallic rod
.is then mounted between suitable supports by mounting
.there the liquid will be either applied directly to the
absorbent material 34 or will drip from the felt 24 to
.the absorbent material 34. The oilers '10 are preferably
loosely mounted so that as an animal walks beneath
them the absorbent material 34 will engage the body of
.the animal, causingit to turn aboutthe rod 30 to con
tinuously supply liquid thereto. The contact of the ab
sorbent material 34 with the animal will cause a certain
amount of rocking of the oiler about the axis of the 35
hook 16 which will splash or spill more oil onto the wick
‘22 and possibly through the slot 20 directly to the felt
24% so that a supply of oil, insecticide and the like is
continuously supplied to the absorbent material.
The oiler 10 of the invention can be made su?iciently
long -so that only one unit is’ necessary for any desired
extending between said plates, said rod being received
by said apertures in the lower portion of said plates and
removably secured to said plates, said apertures in said
plates being positioned so that said rod-is adjacent to and
spaced from said lath and an endless absorbent material
surrounding said rod from one of ‘said plates to the other
of said plates and hanging loosely therefrom, said absorb
ent material being spaced from said lath and loosely and
rotatably positioned on said rod, said device being con
structed and adapted so that a plurality of said oilers can
be loosely connected end to end by lengths of chain and
suspended between posts so that oil can be received in
said pipe to cover ‘a portion of said wick and so that
cattle can tip said oilers into 'oil spilling position, and
said oil will be continuously supplied to said felt by said
wick, and said oil will be applied to said absorbent mate
application. However, it is deemed desirable to make
rial from said felt as same is rotated about said rod in
the oilers 10 in shorter lengths and secure them together
applying said material to the back of an animal.
by short‘ lengths of chain, cable or the like shown at 36
_2. A cattle oiler of the type described comprising, in
in FIG. 1, which are received by the books 16. A plu
rality of units 10 thus assembled can be secured to suit 45 combination, an elongated tubular pipe, each end of said
pipe being closed by a metallic plate rigidly secured
able supports, such as the posts 38 by additional lengths
thereto, each of said plates having a hook secured near
of chain 40 tojconnect the hook 16 of the end mem
the top edge thereof on the outside surface of said plates,
.bers with the eyes 42 which are mounted on the posts
each of said plates having an aperture in the lower portion
‘38. The shorter length units 10 are desired since the
posts 38 can then be spaced any suitable distance apart, 50 thereof, said pipe having an elongated opening in the
top portion thereof, a wick positioned in said pipe and
depending upon the individual application, so that one
extending therefrom through said opening, a felt mate
or more of these units can be used to apply the oil,
rial positioned around said pipe between said plates, a
‘insecticide and the like to either one animal at a time
lath surrounding said felt material, a rod extending be
or to ‘a series of them which are driven between the
posts 38. It is also seen that with the units connected 55 tween said plates in spaced relation to said lath and
removably received by said apertures in the lower portion
together in the vmanner just described there will tend
thereof, and an absorbent material surrounding and
to be more swinging movement of the units, which in
sures an adequate supply of the-liquid to the felt 24 and
loosely hanging from said rod, said material being spaced
from said lath and loosely and rotatably positioned on
The present invention discloses a structure which is 60 said rod, said device being constructed and adapted so
that a plurality of said oilers can be loosely mounted
believed economically superior to the prior art devices.
the absorbent material 34 during operation.
With the construction described the only wearing part
end to end by lengths of chain connecting said hooks and
of theunit is not exposed directly to the atmosphere,
to said tubular member, the ends ‘of said tubular member
being closed by said plates, said tubular member and
said plates forming a reservoir for the reception of a
suspended from spaced posts so that oil can be received
on the oiler is the absorbent material 34, and by hav
in said pipe to cover said wick and be supplied therefrom
ing the rod 30 removably mounted as described, the ab
sorbent material 34 can be easily and readily replaced 65 through said felt material to said absorbent material to
be applied to the back of an animal, said absorbent
without the necessity of disturbing the upper portion of
material
‘being movable around said rod as a result of
the unit 10. As stated above the absorbent material
contact with an animal.
34 can be the common burlap sack material, which is
3. A cattle oiler comprising, in combination, a tubular
readily available on almost all farms. Also, withthe
member having an opening therein, two plates connected
present construction the liquid in the reservoir portion 70
thereby preventing rapid evaporation of this liquid. It
is also noted that thedevice is easily constructed with
a minimum amount of materials, all of which are well
known and readily available.
‘
liquid, securing means on the outside face of each of
75 said plates to secure said oiler to spaced supports. a wick
5
3,978,436
material in said tubular member and extending through
6
said opening, a felt material positioned around said tubu
lar member, an open lath surrounding said felt material,
a metal rod extending between and removably mounted
thereof adjacent a top portion thereof, chain means posi~
tioned between each of said units and attached to said
hook means to movably connect said units in assembled
relation, two spaced supports, and additional chain means
connected to said supports and end ones of said units,
said cattle oiling device being constructed and adapted
so that a plurality of said units are loosely mounted in
10
spaced relation and suspended between said supports with
oil, insecticides and the like in said tubular members
being continuously supplied by said wicks and said pieces
of felt material to said absorbent material, said absorbent
material being rotated upon contact with the back of an
animal or the like to thereby apply said oil, insecticide
and the like to the back of the animal.
’
said absorbent material being movable around said rod
as a result of contact with an animal.
6. Cattle oiling means comprising, in combination,
spaced supports, a plurality of oiler means, ?exible
mounting means connecting said oiler means to each
other and connecting end ones of said oiler means to
communicating between said piece of felt-like material
and the interior of
transfer oil, '
said supports, each of said oiler means having means
20 de?ning a reservoir for oil, insecticides and the like, a
plurality of pieces of felt-like material, each of said
said means de?ning a reservoir to
25
oiler means having one of said pieces of felt-like mate
rial operatively connected to said means de?ning a reser
voir, each of said oiler means having means therewith
communicating between said pieces of felt-like material
and the interior of said means de?ning a reservoir to
upon contact with an animal.
transfer oil, insecticides and the like therefrom to said
pieces of felt-like material, each of said oiler means hav
ing hanger means operatively connected to said means
30 de?ning a reservoir and positioned in spaced relation to
said pieces of felt-like material, .and a plurality of pieces
of endless absorbent material, each of said oiler means
5. A cattle oiling device comprising, in combination,
movably and rotatably mounted on said hanger means
and positioned to receive oil, insecticide and the like
from said pieces of felt-like material and operable to
a plurality of cattle oiling units, each of said units in
cluding a closed tubular member forming a reservoir for
oil, insecticides and the like,
transfer same to an animal upon contact therewith, said
pieces of absorbent material being movable around said
40
hanger means upon contact with an animal or the like.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
so that oil, insec
ticides and the like supplied to said felt material is re uh e:
ceived by said pieces of absorbent material, each of said
pnits having hook means connected at the end portions
987,433
1,471,109
Crawford ___________ .__. Mar. 21, 1911
Dick ________________ __ Oct. 16, 1923
2,988,803
Worden ______________ _._ Sept. 5, 1961
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