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Патент USA US3076994

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Feb. 12, 1963
Filed Jan. 20, 1960
: /26
ééa. 4
// 20
A. Loagvnlllwalrm.
BY SM‘? w
hire States Patent ()?icc
Patented Feb. 12, lhdd
Albert Logan Wait, Jan, 114 E. 24th St, Tulsa, Gilda.
Filed Jan. 2t), 19%, Ser. No. 3,657
2 (Ilairns. (ill. 9-8.3)
an opening 20 in the handle portion 16 for the attachment
of various weights and devices which in water will cause
the blade portion 12 to rise above the Water surface. It
can be readily appreciated that in such a position, wave
action in itself will cause suf?cient movement or “wobble”
to attract attention for emergency purposes or act as a
This invention relates to a marine safety and signaling
marker accordingly. The blade portion 12 is constructed
device. More particularly, it relates to a marine paddle
or coated with a highly visible paint composition 21.
which is so arranged, designed and constructed as to be
Such a composition is highly ?uorescent under condition
capable of use in emergency situations.
10 of greatest illumination, i.e., during daylight, sunlight, or
it is a well known phenomenon that visibility (the
arti?cial light conditions. The paint pigment ordinarily
greatest distance at which an observer with normal eye
?uoresces under radiation of ultraviolet or higher wave
sight can see a dark colored object) is lessened over bodies
of water. This is because haze particles are primarily
The embodiment shown according to FIGURE 5 rep
hygroscopic, i.e., they attract water vapor. Such par 15 resents use of the signal paddle according to this invention
ticles act to ditiuse light adding to the difficulty of seeing
as a temporary buoy when a slack cord or line as is
A primary object of this invention is to provide a paddle
constructed in such a manner that it is capable of pro
attached at the handle portion 16 through opening 20
at one end and an anchor 23 at the other end, provided
to rest on the bottom of the body of water. The line
viding an emergency signal for boating, canoeing, and 20 26 holds the handle portion down, in the water, permit
similar sports over water where visibility is usually im
ting the blade to wobble and move for re-location of
that position. Used in this manner, the signal paddle
An additional object of this invention is to provide a
of this invention becomes a marker buoy for favorite
signal paddle capable of use as a signal buoy tor use in
fishing spots, lost equipment, sunken boats, etc.
marking or locating objects in bodies of water.
In FIGURES 6 and 7, various additional embodiments
These and other objects and advantages will become
are described for adding additional weight to the handle
more apparent upon further reading of the speci?cation
portion of a paddle 1i}, such that upon landing in the
and claims when taken in conjunction with the following
water, the weight is suf?cient enough that it will force
drawings, of which:
the handle down and permit the blade of the paddle to
FEGURE l is an elevational view of a paddle con 30 wobble and move up above the surface, yet of insuf~
structed in accordance with this invention.
?cient Weight to carry the paddle to the bottom. As a
FIGURE 2 is a sectional view taken along the line
typical example, a weight up to about one-half pound
2-2 of FIGURE 1.
for small paddles placed at the end of the paddle is suf
FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken along the line
iicent. In the embodiment of FIGURE 6 a small sphere
3-3 of FIGURE 1.
of material whose density is greater than the paddle is
FIGURE 4 is a sectional view taken along the line
adapted to be attached thereto using a bolt through
4-4 of FIGURE 1.
opening 2d of handle portion 16. The sphere shape
FIGURE 5 is an elevational view showing a further
provides adequate gripping surface when the paddle is
embodiment of this invention as an emergency signal
used in its normal function of moving boats and the like
FlGURES 6 and 7 represent additional embodiments
to this invention for use with the signal paddle as de
scribed herein.
Brie?y, this invention concerns a paddle construction
40 through water.
In the view of FIGURE 7, additional
weight is provided to the handle portion 16 by attach
ment of a metallic plate 32, using wood screws 34. The
plate may provide additional advertising space or be
used for identi?cation purposes by imprinting one's name,
in which the blade portion is constructed or coated with a 45 address, etc.
high visibility paint capable of being seen for great dis
tances over water in the daylight hours.
Such a device
has developed into a standard signalling apparatus, car
ried in all forms of devices, boats, and the like, used in and
around bodies of water. By properly moving or waving
It can be appreciated that in use the paddle of this
invention will attract a greater area of attention from
the two sides of the blade during emergency signalling use.
Although this invention has speci?cally described ways
in which additional weight can be added to the handle
the device indicates an emergency situation in which
others in the area may readily see to come to the aid or
portion of signal paddles according to this invention, this
portion 12 which emerges into a cylindrical stem or shank
portion 14, the latter terminating in a knob or handle
section 16. The overall length is, typically, up to about
three feet and preferably about two and one-half feet for
1. A paddle for use as an emergency signalling device
in a body of water comprising a unitary blade, shank
is not to be held limiting as other methods of adding
rescue. In addition, apparatus is provided for causing
additional weight may be used. For example, leaded
the highly visible blade portion of the paddle to ride
upright in the body of water, immediately attracting at 55 inserts may be provided into the handle portion, or ?sh
weights attached through opening 20 by‘ means of a
tention to others within the area in case of capsizing or
?shing line or the like, the purpose being to provide
sinking of boats, canoes, and the like. In addition the
sufiicient weight of the handle portion which, upon be
apparatus is capable of use as a buoy marker for locating
ing in the water, will drop below the surface thereof and
objects in bodies of water.
Referring now to the drawings in particular, the wood, 60 permit the signal portion or blade having a highly visible
coating 21 thereon to be seen above the surface of wate
plastic or metallic paddle, or oar, generally indicated by
Accordingly, this invention should not be limited to
the numeral it) is typically of a relatively short length for
the speci?c embodiments described herein, but should
easy storage in “out of the way” portions of boats, canoes,
only be limited by the scope ot the appended claims.
and the like. The paddle includes a relatively ?at blade
and handle portions, said blade portions substantially
ready storage out of the way during normal boating, yet is 70 coated with a daylight activated ?uorescent material, and
means for attaching additional material of density greater
not bulky or unwieldy for use during signalling. An
that water directly to said handle portion for causing
important embodiment of this invention is the provision of
a substantial portion of said handle and said shank to
drop below the surface of said water and maintain said
blade above the surface of said Water
2. A paddle aecordmg to claim 1 wherein said means
Smokey ______________ __ Mar‘ 6, 1951
Great Britain _________ __ Feb. 8, 1956
for attaching includes an opening in said handle portion 5
and ‘clamping means in said opening directly connecting
said additional material and said handle portion.
References Cited in the file of this patent
_______________ __
May 5,
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